CN102334469A - Field-like ecological cultivation farm and field-like ecological cultivation method - Google Patents

Field-like ecological cultivation farm and field-like ecological cultivation method Download PDF

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CN102334469A
CN102334469A CN2011103021684A CN201110302168A CN102334469A CN 102334469 A CN102334469 A CN 102334469A CN 2011103021684 A CN2011103021684 A CN 2011103021684A CN 201110302168 A CN201110302168 A CN 201110302168A CN 102334469 A CN102334469 A CN 102334469A
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CN102334469B (en
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周雄
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Abstract

A field-like ecological livestock farm comprises fences, wherein an open cultivation zone and an incubation zone are arranged inside the fences; in the open cultivation zone, cultivation ridges and bait cultivation ditches are arranged alternately; and the incubation zone is provided with a plurality of breeding jars. The cultivation ridges are higher than the ground plane, the cross section of each cultivation ridge is trapezoid, tiles or bricks are arranged at the tops of the cultivation ridges, and gaps are reserved among the tiles or bricks. The field-like ecological cultivation farm and a field-like ecological cultivation method have the following characteristics that; the cultivation method is based on the combination of main food comprising high protein foods and meat and complementary food comprising insects in the food chain such as earthworm, Tenebrio molitor L. and/or ground beeltle; the cultivation farm meets the field life habit of centipede, thus the disease resistance of centipede can be greatly increased and the growing and breeding speed of centipede can be accelerated; and the adult has good drug property, high efficacy, good quality and high market price.

Description

Imitative open-air ecologic breeding field and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to centipede, scorpion, cricket breed fields such as (katydids), particularly a kind of centipede, scorpion, cricket imitative open-air ecologic breeding field and methods such as (katydids).
Background technology
Centipede is a day dragon, white pin worm, pine caterpillars, centipede etc. again, and more than 20 kinds such as reddish tone, blue or green head, golden head are arranged, and is two types of precious traditional Chinese medicines, and is very in short supply at present.Centipede is used as medicine and cures mainly diseases such as pathogenic wind-toxic sore is swollen, extravesated blood gathers, and a layer wind, relieving convulsion, anticancer, detoxifcation, effect such as antitumor, anticonvulsion are specifically arranged, and higher economic value and medical value are arranged.
Because the happiness of fear heat is cold, the main procreation area of centipede is to the north of the tropic of cancer, and its adaptability is strong, propagates artificially easily.Centipede is liked hiding by day and coming out at night in branch wood, uncultivated dark and damp cogongrass ground and Da Shi inferior shelter life, pierces after late fall in the soil that overhead 10-40CM is dark and survives the winter, and after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) in next year, just comes into play.
Scorpion is an arthropods, and viviparity belongs to Buthidae, and cephalothorax is had the chelicera as two pliers of crab.Two parts before and after its belly is divided into, preceding abdomen seven joints, venter posterior five joints, afterbody have can prone telson, and built-in have poison gland, often inhabits among rubble, bark or the soil pit in dry area.Scorpion is entirely carnivorous, gets the food invertebrate, like spider, cricket, little centipede.
1, scorpion belongs to the animal of hiding by day and coming out at night, and the happiness tide is afraid of wet, and high light is secretly feared in happiness to stimulate.Happiness is gregarious, and it is not active to be fond of tranquility.
2, scorpion has hibernation habit, generally in mid or late April, i.e. comes out of hibernation after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and early November just begins the hibernation of slowly going into hibernation, and the annual activity time had about 6 months.In the middle of one day, scorpion many post sunset evening 8 up to the activity of coming out in 11 o'clock, just return nest to 2~3 o'clock of morning on next day and perch.This mechanics generally is at warm calm, night that ground is dry, is having wind weather then seldom movable with coming.
Though 3, scorpion is a poikilotherm, they are still relatively cold-resistant and heat-resisting.The temperature of external environment is at 40 ℃ to subzero 5 ℃, and scorpion all can survive.Growing and breeding of scorpion has confidential relation with temperature.Temperature drops to below 10 ℃, and scorpion just not too looses, and temperature is lower than 20 ℃, and the activity of scorpion is also less, and their optimum temperature of growing are between 25~39 ℃.Temperature is at 35~39 ℃, and scorpion is the most active, the quickening of growing, and farrowing, mating are also mostly carried out in this temperature range.Temperature is above 41 ℃, and the moisture in the scorpion body is evaporated, if both untimely cooling this moment, untimely again keeping the skin wet, then death dehydration very easily appears and in scorpion.When temperature surpassed 43 ℃, scorpion was very fast dead.Scorpion is movable, grow and breeding and temperature closely related, between 35~38 ℃ of the optimum temperatures.
Ground beetle, the popular name ground bettle, soil unit, Chinese medicine is named as multitudinous worm, on zootaxy, belongs to Insecta roach mirror order Corydiidae, is a kind of common medicinal insect.
Ground beetle is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine of invigorating blood circulation; Just on the books in Eastern Han Dynasty's Shennong's Herbal; Its flavor prestige is cold poisonous, and full worm is used as medicine has Shujin to mend effects such as bone, dissipating blood stasis with potent drugs, alleviating pain and detumescence, be mainly used in women's blood stasis through close, diseases such as abdominal mass stomachache, traumatic injury and blood stasis and swelling pain.Recent studies eupolyphoge sinensis medicinal material, the medicinal extract after water decoction-alcohol sedimentation forms sediment shows that through external methylene blue method experiment the leukocytic effect of the leukaemic of inhibition is arranged.According to interrelated data, tumour also there is certain curative effect.
The eupolyphoge sinensis polypide is about 3 centimetres; Wide about 2 centimetres, the health ellipse is front wide and rear narrow, and taupe is flat up and down; Head is hidden in below the pronotary for a short time. and filiform antenna, compound eye prosperity are arranged, and biting mouthparts, back have horizontal joint imbricate to arrange, and 3 pairs of length of foot equate that a lot of fine, soft furs are arranged, and foot and outside of belly color are light than the back side, are yellowish-brown.Asyngamy, the male worm health is littler, and russet has the dipteron wing, is apt to fly surely; Carving worm health is loose. no wing.Female worm is used as medicine.
Ground beetle is liked in quiet, dark and damp environment, living; Active happiness is climbed, the vibrations of photophobia, fearness, be afraid of cold and be afraid of sweltering heat; Be everlasting in the tree root hurdle grass of hill or Baconic's darker faggot heap of neutralization that loosens the soil is lived down and in the soil of dark and damp dirt, indoor many at the bottom of kitchen, storehouse, cylinder bottom, chaff heap foundation limit.Hide hidden daytime, and the activity of coming out night is with leaf, nontoxic weeds, respectively plant vegetables leaf, melon and fruit peel, flesh etc. and rice bran Mai Maifu is food.Its active stage, is very long ,~as under the temperature of 12 1 35 degree growth the most suitable, winter with early spring temperature reduce to often dwelling below 10 degree and contract in wall seam and stone seam and carry out hibernation under the foreign material.Annual active stage, can reach about 7 months, can be movable throughout the year in south.Be hibernation period March in December to next year in the middle and lower reach of Yangtze River, the entering hibernation of generally before and after " the Beginning of Winter ", just progressively stopping eating.In the hibernation, the g and D of ground beetle the state that seizes up temporarily.After Clear and Bright,, temperature looks for food to coming into play gradually more than the ll degree when ging up.Adult mating in 6 one September, be the egg-laying period annual 7~September.Post-coitum, female worm are fertilized and about 5~7 are not had and to lay eggs.Ovum such as beanpod shape are bigger slightly than rice husk.Per 1 female worm about 8~11 of the sheath of laying eggs, each ootheca contains about 10 on ovum.Before the mating, male worm is peeled for the last time.Grow dipteron, can fly and seek even mating.But 10 female worms in the left and right sides of 1 male worm mating, 7 days left and right sides male worms of post-coitum are dead voluntarily.The optimum incubation temperature is 30~32 degree, and ovum can hatch larva through about 40 days, and the larva that has just hatched is creamy white, and big purpling red tape black becomes white again after the shelling gradually like bedbug, through 9~11 shellings, promptly can be changed into adult.
Gryllidea (Gryllidae; Cricket) be a big section of Insecta, orthoptera, cricket Superfamily.The common name cricket, a yard grass, Chinese northern popular name cricket.Nature and flavor with return through: hot, salty, temperature.Poisonous.Function with cure mainly: diuresis, broken blood, relieve sore throat.Be used for oedema, urinary obstruction, lithangiuria, cirrhotic ascites, abscess of throat.Cricket lives in caves, and often inhabits under the face of land, the masonry, in the soil pit, between thick grass.Go out activity night.Omnivorousness is eaten various crops, sapling, dish fruit etc.Cricket, the annual generation that takes place is survived the winter in soil with ovum.The ovum per unit area yield produces more than weeds and in the soil at the ridge that faces south, graveyard, haystack edge.Hibernating egg was given birth to October, and hatching in 1 year 4~May is nymph.Nymph casts off a skin 6 times (i.e. 6 length of times), each 3~4 days, need turn into adult in 20~25 days altogether.141~151 days adult life-spans.Male worm builds soil pit and female worm lives together.That happiness inhabits is shady and cool, the soil is porous, in the wet environment.Early June turns into adult.Mid or late November, begin to survive the winter with nymph.Adult, nymph live in caves and reach 0.6 meter even darker deeply.Newly-built cave is very simple, has only one to escape the hole.Before laying eggs, increase and build 3~5 confessions cave of usefulness of laying eggs, and out search for peanut young stem and leaf and seed, transport back in the cave in and store, for the nymph that incubates at the beginning of raising.It is gregarious just to incubate nymph, goes out after a couple of days to look for food, and burrows respectively separately.
Chinese patent 201110037361.X discloses " a kind of method of culturing centipede through booth fast ", and through in booth, culturing and cooperating antibiotic method, the centipede of breed has the survival rate height; Growth cycle is short, and output is high, the characteristics that cost is low; But owing in booth, raise; Ventilation in it and solar radiation and field all differ greatly, and the medical value of the centipede of therefore culturing significantly reduces, because the resistance against diseases of centipede self descends; In feeding process, need frequent feeding antibiotic, short digestion medicament and ecdysone, might cause medicament residue to exceed standard.
Chinese patent 201010242205.2 discloses " a kind of centipede rapid propagating and breeding technology ", through in indoor or booth, culturing centipede and soil unit simultaneously, has realized that centipede and bait raises simultaneously; Can fresh bait be provided for centipede; But this patent does not solve the problem that the resistance against diseases of indoor centipede self descends yet, and its ground done the cement Horizon, cuts off fully with external environment; Soil unit cultures the pond and all is positioned at more than the ground with centipede breed pond, builds cost and management cost is higher.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of centipede, scorpion, soil unit, cricket imitative open-air ecologic breeding field and methods such as (katydids); Can simulate open-air centipede, scorpion, soil unit, cricket living environments such as (katydids); The resistance against diseases of centipede, scorpion, soil unit, cricket (katydid) etc. is strong, and the medical value of adult is high.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopted is: a kind of imitative open-air ecologic breeding field, comprise enclosure wall, and be provided with open-air culture zone and incubation division in the enclosure wall;
In the described open-air culture zone, culture ridge and bait and culture the ditch arranged alternate;
Be provided with a plurality of breeding urns in the described incubation division.
Described breed ridge is the plane above Ground, cross section in echelon, the top is provided with tile or fragment of brick, is provided with the gap between tile or the fragment of brick, perhaps between tile or the fragment of brick mutually overlap joint form complete hiding.
It highly is 20-200 cm that described breed ridge is counted from ground surface, and last top width degree is 50-150 cm, and the width of going to the bottom is 80-300cm.
Described breed is provided with tile or fragment of brick in the ridge; Form with the accumulation of interval soil multilayer between tile or the fragment of brick; Perhaps culturing trapezoidal inclined-plane, ridge leaves the slit at interval with fragment of brick and builds long-pending forming; Perhaps form, perhaps culture outside the trapezoidal inclined-plane on ridge and be provided with many timbers, connect with the bamboo and wood bar between the timber with the pan soil indignation is long-pending.
It is 20-150cm that described bait is cultured trench depth, is provided with a plurality of stones in the bottom of trench.
Described breeding urn height is 40-90 cm, and the part of basseting is 10-50 cm, and the top is provided with an opening, and opening is 4-8 cm apart from the edge.
Also be provided with the grass planting district in the enclosure wall.
Inboard wall also is provided with the protection drain ditch.
The degree of depth in described protection drain ditch is cultured the degree of depth of ditch greater than bait.
A kind of method of imitative open-air ecologic breeding may further comprise the steps:
One, in open plant, is arranged alternately breed ridge and bait and cultures ditch; Culture the upper end, ridge and be provided with tile or masonry; Between tile and the masonry gap is set,, perhaps all is shielded in fully and cultures the surface, ridge with tile or fragment of brick in order to grass planting and convenient insect turnover of culturing;
Two, in culturing the ridge, masonry or tile are set according to local circumstance; Perhaps beat a plurality of timbers reinforces and connects with the bamboo and wood bar on trapezoidal inclined-plane; Culture the speed of caving on ridge in order to reduction, and the residence of the insect of breed is provided, perhaps culture the ridge and form with the soil block accumulation;
Three, breeding earthworm, yellow mealworm and/or soil unit in bait is cultured ditch are for the insect of culturing provides bait;
Four, a plurality of breeding urns are set in the incubation division;
Five, the protection drain ditch of unnecessary ponding is invaded and discharged to setting in order to prevent ant;
Six, at white space, culture the ridge and bait is cultured grass planting and tree planting in the ditch, be used for drawing dewdrop and food being provided for bait with the insect of being convenient to culture to the insect of culturing is warming;
Realize the imitative open-air ecologic breeding of centipede, scorpion, soil unit, cricket insects such as (katydids) through above-mentioned steps.
A kind of imitative open-air ecologic breeding field provided by the invention and method, it is main adopting feeding high protein, meat-eating race, insect food chains such as earthworm, yellow mealworm and/or native unit are the cultural method that diatery supplement combines; And the open-air plant that builds meets the wild life habit of the insect of breed; Improved the insect resistance against diseases and the growth and breeding speed of culturing greatly, and the adult property of medicine is good, effect is strong; Best in quality, the market price is high.
Adopt the not original soil outdoor breeding of making cement Horizon, the good environment of outdoor air is good, circulation of air; Solar radiation is sufficient, and the insect of breed is not easy to fall ill, and survival rate is high; Adopt diversified food ecological chain feeding, immunity is high, and the queen spawning rate is high; The larva survival rate is high, and raining during the breed need not hide, day fine need not the water spray.The time and labour saving, aquaculture cost is low.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is described further:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of plant among the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 1.
Embodiment
In Fig. 1.A kind of imitative open-air ecologic breeding field comprises enclosure wall 1, the embedding glass of the bottom of enclosure wall 1 about with 40-60cm; Also the available water adobe is made enclosure wall, and foundation needs more than the degree of depth 30cm, and is inboard floating with cement mortar; Inlay with glass planar on the enclosure wall surface, in going out along about the 10-20CM.
Be provided with open-air culture zone and incubation division in the enclosure wall 1; In the described open-air culture zone, culture ridge 4 and culture ditch 5 arranged alternate with bait; Open-air culture zone and incubation division all be arranged on open outdoor, be not provided with on the soil of cement Horizon, so that simulate wild environment.
Be provided with a plurality of breeding urns 6 in the described incubation division.Described breeding urn 6 highly is about 40-90cm, 50 centimetres of left and right sides degree of depth of native scarifying, is inverted and imbeds the big glue cylinder of purchasing; Big glue cylinder actinal surface diameter 70-90cm, cylinder bottom diameter 20-40cm, the part of basseting is 10-50cm; The top is provided with an opening, and opening is apart from about the edge 4-8cm.By tile or soil great group mixed configuration, thick tile is placed on the top layer again, in order to play the effect of heat and moisture preserving shading in the breeding urn 6.Breeding urn 6 is as the collection centipede of becoming pregnant, and its place of safety of laying eggs is provided, and the centipede that can avoid becoming pregnant receives the agitation of other centipedes and natural enemy, and has significantly reduced the trouble of the little centipede of later collection.Soil communicates in interior soil of cylinder and the pond, guarantees soil moisture in the cylinder, and temperature is consistent.Put cotton-wool that one deck abandons, clothing, grass etc., the effect of play cooling, be incubated, preserving moisture all around at cylinder.
In Fig. 2, described breed ridge 4 is the plane above Ground, cross section in echelon, the top is provided with tile or fragment of brick suitably hides, and also is provided with the gap between tile or the fragment of brick.Perhaps overlap mutually between tile or the fragment of brick and form complete hiding.
It highly is 20-200 cm that described breed ridge is counted from ground surface, and last top width degree is 50-150 cm, and the width of going to the bottom is 80-300cm.
Be provided with tile or fragment of brick in the described breed ridge 4, have the gap between tile and the fragment of brick, the gap is more than 6cm usually; Perhaps culture outside the trapezoidal inclined-plane on ridge 4 and be provided with many timbers 7, between the timber 7 with connections such as bamboo and wood bars.The area that obtains easily for tile or fragment of brick is piled up with tile or fragment of brick and is cultured ridge 4, like this can the more centipede residence of natural formation, and culture the soil that ditch 5 takes out and be deposited between tile or the fragment of brick digging bait, so that grass planting.In tile or the difficult zone that obtains of fragment of brick; With many timbers 7 is that column is squeezed into breed 4 both sides, ridge, encloses soil with bamboo and wood bar or rattan etc. as enclosing to block between the timber 7, cultures ridge 4 to reinforce; And be convenient to centipede and get food up and down along timber 7; And grass planting is with the cooling of further guarantor's soil on breed ridge 4, and insulation is preserved moisture.The mode that employing is suited measures to local conditions can greatly reduce the construction cost of plant.Tile, fragment of brick and timber also can be provided with simultaneously.In dry area, it also is feasible culturing long-pending the forming of ridge 4 usefulness pan soil indignations.
It is 20-150cm that described bait is cultured ditch 5 degree of depth, the about 30-80cm of ditch bottom width, and hem width 40-150cm on the ditch is provided with a plurality of stones in the bottom of trench.Stone is convenient to person walks at a distance of about about 50cm, and as the habitat of bait insect, plantation weeds etc. between the stone, and throw in that grass is considered to be worth doing, the dish leaf is used to breed insects such as earthworm, yellow mealworm and/or native unit.When rainfall; Bait is cultured ditch 5 and can slowly from soil, be permeated away with rain water-harvesting at bottom of trench, and is fine as long-term day; Also can keep dark moist at bottom of trench; Create an a home from home that is fit to its growth and breedings for insects such as earthworm, yellow mealworm and/or native unit, simultaneously, the moisture of bottom of trench also can be supplied with and culture the required part moisture content in ridge 4.
Also be provided with grass planting district 3 in the enclosure wall.The grass planting district 3 that is provided with act on very great in the present invention, and grass can be grown to be fit to centipede by natural maintenance moisture, and blade of grass is convenient to centipede and is drawn natural dewdrop, and has to the warming effect of centipede.The insects such as returning earthworm, yellow mealworm and/or native unit of growing grass provides natural food.Grass planting has formed the environment of semi-wet by soil, can natural generation very many be convenient to the nest that centipede perches.Grass planting district 3 is not limited in the blank space of plant; Also be to culture on gap location and trapezoidal breed ridge 4 between tile on the ridge 4 or the fragment of brick domatic; And the bottom of trench of bait breed ditch 5 and domatic; The grass planting at these positions can also conserve water and soil further, delays to culture the avalanche speed on ridge 4, thereby has reduced aquaculture cost.Culture plant trees at interval on the ridge for example landscape tree or fruit tree etc., so that reduce the sunlight thermal radiation.
Inboard wall also is provided with protection drain ditch 2.Protection drain ditch 2 can prevent the ant entering, makes things convenient for centipede drinking-water, and can prevent the centipede escape.The degree of depth in described protection drain ditch 2 is cultured the degree of depth of ditch 5 greater than bait.Can bait be cultured ditch 5 unnecessary water like this and be drained in the protection drain ditch 2, avoid bait to culture too much ponding in the ditch 5 with penetration mode.Comparatively convenient for hillside fields or orchard internal cause draining, also can in the airly protect drain ditch 2.
A kind of method of imitative open-air ecologic breeding may further comprise the steps:
One, in open plant, be arranged alternately and culture ridge 4 and bait is cultured ditch 5, culture ridge 4 upper end tile or masonries, between tile and the masonry gap is set, in order to grass planting with make things convenient for the centipede turnover;
Two, in culturing ridge 4, masonry or tile are set according to local circumstance, beat on trapezoidal inclined-plane perhaps that a plurality of timbers are reinforced and, in order to reducing the speed of caving in of culturing ridge 4, and the residence of centipede is provided with connections such as bamboo and wood bars;
Three, breeding earthworm, yellow mealworm and/or native unit etc. in bait is cultured ditch 5 are for centipede provides bait;
Four, a plurality of breeding urns 6 are set in the incubation division; With the centipede is example, the parent before laying eggs, and the too fat to move belly ground proximity of figure is slow in action.The parent that the sign of laying eggs is arranged was just collected before 3 ~ 4 days in the breeding urn 6; Both effectively utilized cultured area; Avoid the phase mutual interference and swallow, help laying eggs smoothly in the quiet environment of centipede, the branch cylinder (or branch pond) of also being convenient to young centipede and female centipede is raised.Be noted that especially between the egg-laying period and should keep quite near the breeding urn 6 that laying eggs a few days ago will stop feeding, especially more answer strictness to forbid feeding bait in 40 ~ 50 days in hatching process.
Five, the protection drain ditch 2 of unnecessary ponding is invaded and discharged to setting in order to prevent ant;
Six, at white space, culture ridge 4 and bait is cultured grass planting in the ditch 5, be used for to centipede warming be convenient to centipede absorption dewdrop and food be provided for bait;
Realize the imitative open-air ecologic breeding of centipede, scorpion, soil unit, cricket insects such as (katydids) through above-mentioned steps.
Be that example is illustrated with the centipede in this example; But this should not be regarded as for restriction of the present invention; Through test, plant among the present invention and cultural method also can be used for the breed of scorpion, soil unit, cricket insects such as (katydids), compare other indoor culture mode; Plant among the present invention and cultural method have improved resistance against diseases and the growth and breeding speed of centipede, scorpion, cricket (katydid) greatly, and have reduced management cost effectively.

Claims (10)

1. an imitative open-air ecologic breeding field comprises enclosure wall (1), and it is characterized in that: enclosure wall is provided with open-air culture zone and incubation division in (1);
In the described open-air culture zone, culture ridge (4) and culture ditch (5) arranged alternate with bait;
Be provided with a plurality of breeding urns (6) in the described incubation division.
2. a kind of imitative open-air ecologic breeding according to claim 1 field; It is characterized in that: described breed ridge (4) is the plane above Ground, cross section in echelon, the top is provided with tile or fragment of brick; Be provided with the gap between tile or the fragment of brick, perhaps overlap mutually between tile or the fragment of brick and form complete hiding.
3. a kind of imitative open-air ecologic breeding according to claim 2 field, it is characterized in that: it highly is 20-200 cm that described breed ridge is counted from ground surface, and last top width degree is 50-150 cm, and the width of going to the bottom is 80-300cm.
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described a kind of imitative open-air ecologic breeding fields; It is characterized in that: described breed is provided with tile or fragment of brick in the ridge; Pile up with interval soil multilayer between tile or the fragment of brick and form, perhaps culture trapezoidal inclined-plane, ridge and leave the slit at interval with fragment of brick and build long-pending forming, perhaps amass and form with the pan soil indignation; Perhaps culture outside the trapezoidal inclined-plane on ridge and be provided with many timbers, connect with the bamboo and wood bar between the timber.
5. a kind of imitative open-air ecologic breeding according to claim 1 field is characterized in that: it is 20-150cm that described bait is cultured ditch (5) degree of depth, is provided with a plurality of stones in the bottom of trench.
6. a kind of imitative open-air ecologic breeding according to claim 1 field, it is characterized in that: described breeding urn height is 40-90 cm, and the part of basseting is 10-50 cm, and the top is provided with an opening, and opening is 4-8 cm apart from the edge.
7. a kind of imitative open-air ecologic breeding according to claim 1 field is characterized in that: also be provided with grass planting district (3) in the enclosure wall.
8. a kind of imitative open-air ecologic breeding according to claim 1 field is characterized in that: inboard wall also is provided with protection drain ditch (2).
9. a kind of imitative open-air ecologic breeding according to claim 7 field, it is characterized in that: the degree of depth in described protection drain ditch (2) is cultured the degree of depth of ditch (5) greater than bait.
10. the method for an imitative open-air ecologic breeding is characterized in that may further comprise the steps:
One, in open plant, is arranged alternately breed ridge (4) and bait and cultures ditch (5); Culture upper end, ridge (4) and be provided with tile or masonry; Between tile and the masonry gap is set; In order to grass planting and convenient insect turnover of culturing, perhaps all be shielded in fully and culture the surface, ridge with tile or fragment of brick;
Two, in culturing ridge (4), masonry or tile are set according to local circumstance; Perhaps beat a plurality of timbers reinforces and connects with the bamboo and wood bar on trapezoidal inclined-plane; Culture the speed of caving on ridge (4) in order to reduction, and the residence of the insect of breed is provided, perhaps culture ridge (4) and form with the soil block accumulation;
Three, breeding earthworm, yellow mealworm and/or soil unit in bait is cultured ditch (5) are for the insect of culturing provides bait;
Four, a plurality of breeding urns (6) are set in the incubation division;
Five, the protection drain ditch (2) of unnecessary ponding is invaded and discharged to setting in order to prevent ant;
Six, at white space, culture ridge (4) and culture grass planting and tree planting in the ditch (5) with bait, be used for warming and the insect absorption dewdrop being convenient to culture and food is provided for bait to the insect of culturing;
Realize the imitative open-air ecologic breeding of centipede, scorpion, soil unit, cricket insects such as (katydids) through above-mentioned steps.
CN201110302168.4A 2011-10-09 2011-10-09 Field-like ecological cultivation farm and field-like ecological cultivation method Expired - Fee Related CN102334469B (en)

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CN105340839A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-02-24 刘心元 Method for breeding gryllus testaceus
CN105409890A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-23 刘心元 Nepa chinensis culture method
CN105900936A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-08-31 莆田秀屿区群韬农业技术开发有限公司 Under-forest animal and plant polyculture method
CN105941336A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-09-21 王平 Ground beetle culture method
CN107484720A (en) * 2017-09-22 2017-12-19 重庆星溪海农业科技有限责任公司 Imitative Wild ecological centipede cultivating system and cultural method
CN107691377A (en) * 2016-08-07 2018-02-16 杜晓华 Box is raised in a kind of scorpion Soil unit yellow meal worm symbiosis
CN110235865A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-09-17 南安市南泉家庭农场 The facility and method that garden crop cultivation and vermiculture combine
CN111296367A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-06-19 上海市农业科学院 Industrial earthworm cultivation method in facility greenhouse
CN111296366A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-06-19 上海市农业科学院 Industrial earthworm cultivation method in open air environment
CN112471079A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-12 兰州大学 Indoor artificial feeding method for Qinghai-Tibet plateau grassland caterpillars
CN112772572A (en) * 2021-01-27 2021-05-11 澄迈润来种养殖农民专业合作社 Earthworm cultivation greenhouse and earthworm cultivation method
CN113229223A (en) * 2021-06-24 2021-08-10 滇西应用技术大学傣医药学院 Reproduction method of centipedes hastellae

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CN104686167B (en) * 2015-03-11 2018-07-17 九江市云山油茶科技发展有限公司 A method of realizing the joint interplanting tea oil tree in farmland
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CN105409890A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-23 刘心元 Nepa chinensis culture method
CN105340839A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-02-24 刘心元 Method for breeding gryllus testaceus
CN105941336A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-09-21 王平 Ground beetle culture method
CN105900936B (en) * 2016-06-13 2019-06-07 新昌县大船畈生物科技有限公司 A kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method
CN105900936A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-08-31 莆田秀屿区群韬农业技术开发有限公司 Under-forest animal and plant polyculture method
CN107691377A (en) * 2016-08-07 2018-02-16 杜晓华 Box is raised in a kind of scorpion Soil unit yellow meal worm symbiosis
CN107484720A (en) * 2017-09-22 2017-12-19 重庆星溪海农业科技有限责任公司 Imitative Wild ecological centipede cultivating system and cultural method
CN110235865A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-09-17 南安市南泉家庭农场 The facility and method that garden crop cultivation and vermiculture combine
CN110235865B (en) * 2019-07-09 2022-01-04 南安市南泉家庭农场 Facility and method for combining horticultural crop cultivation and earthworm cultivation
CN111296366B (en) * 2020-03-30 2021-12-14 上海市农业科学院 Industrial earthworm cultivation method in open air environment
CN111296366A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-06-19 上海市农业科学院 Industrial earthworm cultivation method in open air environment
CN111296367B (en) * 2020-03-30 2021-12-14 上海市农业科学院 Industrial earthworm cultivation method in facility greenhouse
CN111296367A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-06-19 上海市农业科学院 Industrial earthworm cultivation method in facility greenhouse
CN112471079A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-12 兰州大学 Indoor artificial feeding method for Qinghai-Tibet plateau grassland caterpillars
CN112772572A (en) * 2021-01-27 2021-05-11 澄迈润来种养殖农民专业合作社 Earthworm cultivation greenhouse and earthworm cultivation method
CN113229223A (en) * 2021-06-24 2021-08-10 滇西应用技术大学傣医药学院 Reproduction method of centipedes hastellae
CN113229223B (en) * 2021-06-24 2022-11-22 滇西应用技术大学傣医药学院 Reproduction method of centipedes hastellae

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