CN101897320A - Centipede rapid propagating and breeding technology - Google Patents

Centipede rapid propagating and breeding technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101897320A
CN101897320A CN2010102422052A CN201010242205A CN101897320A CN 101897320 A CN101897320 A CN 101897320A CN 2010102422052 A CN2010102422052 A CN 2010102422052A CN 201010242205 A CN201010242205 A CN 201010242205A CN 101897320 A CN101897320 A CN 101897320A
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China
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centipede
soil
centipedes
pond
native
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CN2010102422052A
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曹丰好
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曹丰好
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Priority to CN2010102422052A priority Critical patent/CN101897320A/en
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Abstract

A centipede rapid propagating and breeding technology belongs to the cultivation method of the special animal. The technology is characterized in that the polyculture of centipede and ground beetle is adopted in an indoor or plastic warmhouse booth; the upper layer of the booth is provided with a platform-shaped centipede culture pond for culturing centipedes; the lower layer is provided with a ground beetle culture pond for culturing ground beetles, nutrient soil is spread in the ground beetle culture pond; a rough support is arranged between the two ponds, the support is used to support the centipede culture pond and also facilitates centipedes to climb up and down; and only ground beetle are fed ordinarily, and centipedes go or leave the ground beetle culture pond to eat ground beetles or drink water through the rough support. The invention has the advantages that the reproductive rate of centipedes is fast, the reproduction of centipedes is stable and can not disturbed by the external environment; building material is saved, space is fully utilized; labor is saved; and centipede can choose food freely, and the growth and reproductive rates of centipedes are increased.

Description

Centipede rapid propagating and breeding technology
Technical field
The invention belongs to the cultural method of special animals, specifically is centipede soil mixed breading method and culturing pool.
Background technology
Centipede is again a day dragon, white pin, pine moth, centipede, and thousand-legger etc. have more than 20 kinds such as reddish tone, blue or green head, golden head, are two precious class Chinese medicines, and are at present very in short supply.Centipede is used as medicine and cures mainly diseases such as pathogenic wind-toxic sore is swollen, extravesated blood gathers, and has timid wind, relieving convulsion, anticancer, detoxifcation, effect such as antitumor, anticonvulsion, and higher economic value and medical value are arranged.Because the happiness of fear heat is cold, the main procreation area of centipede is to the north of the tropic of cancer, and its strong adaptability is propagated artificially easily.Centipede is liked hiding by day and coming out at night in branch wood, excessive luan clitter, uncultivated dark and damp cogongrass ground and Da Shi inferior shelter life, pierces after late fall overhead and survives the winter in 10~13 centimetres of dark soil, just comes into play after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) in next year.The centipede of China's artificial feeding mostly is the few sour jujube centipede of green head, and its growth is fast, and fertility is higher, and an adult can hatch more than 100 of young centipede every year.Centipede is a carnivore, the various insects of happiness food, as locust, cricket, cicada, grasshopper, dragonfly Yan, spider, worm moth etc., feed should be based on fowl, beastly meat, as loach, swamp eel, earthworm, snail, bat, muroid, gecko, lizard, snake class, fly maggot, termite, ground beetle etc., and the remaining pin waste material of other animal food, little assorted etc. as chicken blood, assorted bone, intestines tripe, fowl hair, fishes and shrimps.The also towering like a mountain peak sometimes melon and fruit of centipede, carrot, watermelon peel and plant browse.
The value of centipede is more and more higher, but because centipede only bred once in 1 year, reproduction speed is restricted the large-scale farming centipede slowly.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of centipede rapid propagating and breeding technology, adopt the feed of soil unit as centipede, meet the former wild life habit of centipede, improved growth, the reproduction speed of centipede greatly, and the property of medicine is good, effect is strong, and is best in quality, the market price height.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
It is characterized in that centipede and native first mixed breed, in indoor or pattern plastic warmhouse booth, the upper strata arranges the centipede culturing pool of platform shape, the cultivation centipede; Lower floor arranges native first culturing pool, and soil, compost unit are supported in interior shop; Coarse support is set between two ponds, the one, be used for supporting the centipede culturing pool, the 2nd, be beneficial to centipede and climb up and down; Only need at ordinary times to feed soil unit, centipede then is to come and go look for food soil unit and suck moisture of native first culturing pool by coarse support.
High about 40 centimetres of the centipede culturing pool of described platform shape is laid by cement plate and to be formed, on cover the foster soil of about 7 cm thicks, beat and build the centipede nest with tile or fragment of brick again after real, keep dry; The first culturing pool of soil is often sprinkled water and is kept moist, supports native being mixed by sawdust and saprolite in the pond and forms, and humidity remains between the 20-25%, sets up defences around the pool wall and escapes enclosure wall, prevents centipede and the escape of soil unit.
Around the described soil unit cultivation pool wall with the glass bar of 15 centimetres of high smooths as enclosure wall, native first culturing pool periphery exceeds centipede culturing pool edge 20-30 centimetre, the foster soil of native first culturing pool is prepared by three parts of saprolites of seven parts of sawdusts.The centipede life habit is liked perching in the environment of drying for hiding by day and coming out at night, and the very strong ability of seeking connections with, the preference temperature of growing are arranged is 25 ℃-35 ℃.Soil first life temperature and centipede is roughly the same, but big to humidity requirement, likes living in the wetland, climb ability some.The present invention builds up the centipede breed pond of upper and lower setting and cultures the pond with soil unit in conjunction with the life habit of centipede with soil unit, upper strata drying inhabitation centipede, and wet type is down done by moist compost unit of lower floor on the genus, and the utmost point is suitable for centipede, raises first mixing of soil.In nursing, because of single appearances of food when malnutritive, can throw in other insect feedstuffs such as yellow mealworm, pillworm in right amount with extra-nutrition to the first pond of soil in right amount if find centipede, these insects generally can survive about a week at Tu Yuanchi.
The breeding of centipede
Centipede is an oviparous animal, generally mating when 3~June, rain day after tomorrow was fine, the annual spring not during early summer the ovum grain reach maturity gradually, lay eggs since mid-June, on 6~July, be the most productive period of laying eggs, and be extended to early August in the middle ten days.Parent before laying eggs, the too fat to move belly ground proximity of figure is slow in action.Should before 3~4 days, cover one by one the parent that the sign of laying eggs is arranged with the about 10 centimetres can body of the no end of diameter, nozzle is built with fiber board or glass, both effectively utilized cultured area, avoid the phase mutual interference and swallow, help centipede and quietly laying eggs smoothly in the environment, the branch cylinder (or branch pond) of also being convenient to young centipede and female centipede is raised.
General every parent is laid eggs 20~60, and the process of laying eggs smoothly needs 2~3 hours approximately.The ovum grain is together inter-adhesive, such as shelled peanut size, ovalize.Centipede parent oogenesis postoperative monitoring period reached about 43 days, if alarmed during this period, or other external irritant, with regard to passionnate irritability, the pieces of an egg of hatching all can be swallowed, cause the hatching failure.So peace and quiet that should definitely keep the hatchery environment.Being noted that especially that centipede lays eggs a few days ago will stop feeding, especially more should strictly forbid in 40~50 days in hatching process feeding bait, otherwise can be infected with on pieces of an egg or embryo because of food during the centipede food pieces of an egg or embryo is eaten up together.The hatching process of ovum group is slower, and the ovum particle shape becomes kidney-shaped after 15~16 days, and middle the beginning split, and this stage is for casting off a skin for the first time; Casted off a skin into for the second time afterwards crescent shape, first tool Larva Morpho. Logy in 20 days; The young entered for the third time and casts off a skin in 35~40 days, can creep up and down in the parent bosom; After 5~7 days, young epidermis chitin was thickeied gradually, and the body colour flavescence is brown, lived under the protection of parent, lived on one's own life through just breaking away from parent after one month, looked for food voluntarily.Its advantage is:
1, the centipede reproduction speed is fast, and breeding is stable, is not subjected to external environmental interference.
2, save building materials, made full use of the space
In the past artificial to support centipede and soil unit cultivation be to take to build respectively pond, the method for cultivation respectively, not only wastes building materials, and floor space is also big.A pond like this is dual-purpose, not only saves building materials, has also dwindled floor space, has also made full use of the space.
3, save manually: when culturing respectively, the soil unit that not only needs to feed also needs to give specially centipede feeding, time-consuming taking a lot of work.In closing foster pond, as long as fed native unit, centipede will search for food native first, has played the effect of a stone two birds.
4, can allow centipede freely select food, improve the growth and reproduction speed of centipede: when cultivating feeding respectively, sometimes give the centipede feeding improper, can affect centipede and search for food and grow.As feeding many can cause waste: throw to have lacked and can cause centipede to cut one another's throats because of hungry; The individual big young centipede of institute feeding thing does not only feel like eating, and native unit also can take place eat the phenomenons of making a false countercharge such as centipede.In pond of the present invention, because of the difference of growth, in the pond there being big or small native unit, can allow centipede freely select the food of suitable size, thereby satisfied the growth needs of centipede.
Specifically buy the mode of executing
Embodiment 1, Jian Chi, (1) is totally-enclosed: build earlier native first culturing pool 3 in vacant room and pattern plastic warmhouse booth.Flat ground with the cement block, fence up with glass bar more all around, prevent centipede, the flight of soil unit.(2) build up and down the pond: lower floor builds native first culturing pool 3, and pool wall is escaped to prevent soil unit and centipede with 15 centimetres of high glass bars or the anti-enclosure wall 4 of escaping of plastic sheeting welt conduct.Building rectangular centipede culturing pool 1 (cultivation platform) in the middle of Tu Yuanchi.Platform is with cement plate tiling building, on cover the foster soil of 7 cm thicks, the soil hammer is real supporting, and builds the centipede nest with tile or fragment of brick again, highly decides on foster centipede.According to the handled easily requirement, generally long 120 centimetres of cement plates, wide 60 centimetres, thick 5 centimetres, the interior steel reinforcing of using.According to the cement plate size, in the first culturing pool 3 of soil, build 120 centimetres of length building the twice vertical parallel with fragment of brick, high 40 centimetres support 2 is rested the centipede platform and is placed on the support 2, and it is just firm to smear seam with cement again.Rack surface water mudstone is smeared more coarse, climbs in order to centipede.So, centipede can be by about the support freedom.For preventing that centipede from falling to the pond, underearth unit will build in breed pond 3 wideer, exceeds platform edges and is advisable for 20~30 centimetres.
Foster soil in embodiment 2, the native first culturing pool 3 is by three parts of saprolite preparations of seven parts of sawdusts, and humidity remains between the 20-25% in the pond.Only need to feed soil unit at ordinary times and get final product, centipede bury voluntarily unit culture search for food in the pond soil unit with suck moisture.In this culturing pool, unit is unanimous on the whole to temperature requirement with centipede because of soil, but humidity requirement is then had very big-difference.Centipede requires humidity little, and native unit requires high humidity, and it is dry that centipede is raised platform, and native first culturing pool is moist.Centipede perches the upper strata in drying because being afraid of moist natural selection, and moist lower floor (because it seeks connections with the ability lower floor of can only living) is then liked living in by soil unit.Because native unit is the desirable food of centipede, only need at ordinary times to feed soil unit, centipede will be first along can freely seeking connections with the soil that support up and down gets off to search for food in the pond.One pond is dual-purpose, and is both economical and practical, saves labor again.

Claims (3)

1. centipede rapid propagating and breeding technology is characterised in that centipede and native first mixed breed, and in pattern plastic warmhouse booth, the upper strata arranges the centipede culturing pool of platform shape, the cultivation centipede; Lower floor arranges native first culturing pool, and soil, compost unit are supported in interior shop; Coarse support is set between two ponds, is used for supporting the centipede culturing pool.
2. centipede rapid propagating and breeding technology according to claim 1, the centipede that it is characterized in that described platform shape is cultured high about 40 centimetres of pond, lay by cement plate to form, on cover the foster soil of about 7 cm thicks, build the centipede nest with tile or fragment of brick again after beating in fact, keep dry; Often sprinkling water and keep moist in the first breed of soil pond, supports native being mixed by sawdust and saprolite in the pond and form, and humidity remains between the 20-25%, and pool wall is set up defences on every side and escaped enclosure wall, prevents centipede and the escape of soil unit.
3. centipede rapid propagating and breeding technology according to claim 1 is characterized in that should covering one by one with the about 10 centimetres can body of the no end of diameter before 3~4 days the parent that the sign of laying eggs is arranged, and nozzle is built with fiber board or glass.
CN2010102422052A 2010-08-02 2010-08-02 Centipede rapid propagating and breeding technology Pending CN101897320A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102334469A (en) * 2011-10-09 2012-02-01 周雄 Field-like ecological cultivation farm and field-like ecological cultivation method
CN110651764A (en) * 2019-09-25 2020-01-07 湖北中医药大学 Standardized artificial breeding system and method for centipedes with few thorns

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102334469A (en) * 2011-10-09 2012-02-01 周雄 Field-like ecological cultivation farm and field-like ecological cultivation method
CN102334469B (en) * 2011-10-09 2014-09-10 周雄 Field-like ecological cultivation farm and field-like ecological cultivation method
CN110651764A (en) * 2019-09-25 2020-01-07 湖北中医药大学 Standardized artificial breeding system and method for centipedes with few thorns

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Addressee: Cao Fenghao

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Application publication date: 20101201

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