CN102334469B - Field-like ecological cultivation farm and field-like ecological cultivation method - Google Patents

Field-like ecological cultivation farm and field-like ecological cultivation method Download PDF

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CN102334469B
CN102334469B CN201110302168.4A CN201110302168A CN102334469B CN 102334469 B CN102334469 B CN 102334469B CN 201110302168 A CN201110302168 A CN 201110302168A CN 102334469 B CN102334469 B CN 102334469B
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周雄
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周雄
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Abstract

A field-like ecological livestock farm comprises fences, wherein an open cultivation zone and an incubation zone are arranged inside the fences; in the open cultivation zone, cultivation ridges and bait cultivation ditches are arranged alternately; and the incubation zone is provided with a plurality of breeding jars. The cultivation ridges are higher than the ground plane, the cross section of each cultivation ridge is trapezoid, tiles or bricks are arranged at the tops of the cultivation ridges, and gaps are reserved among the tiles or bricks. The field-like ecological cultivation farm and a field-like ecological cultivation method have the following characteristics that; the cultivation method is based on the combination of main food comprising high protein foods and meat and complementary food comprising insects in the food chain such as earthworm, Tenebrio molitor L. and/or ground beeltle; the cultivation farm meets the field life habit of centipede, thus the disease resistance of centipede can be greatly increased and the growing and breeding speed of centipede can be accelerated; and the adult has good drug property, high efficacy, good quality and high market price.

Description

Imitative field ecological cultivation farm and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to imitative field ecological cultivation farm and the methods such as the cultivation fields, particularly a kind of centipede such as centipede, scorpion, cricket (katydid), scorpion, cricket (katydid).
Background technology
Centipede is again a day dragon, white pin worm, pine caterpillars, centipede etc., has more than 20 kinds such as reddish tone, blue or green head, golden head, is two precious class traditional Chinese medicines, very in short supply at present.Centipede is used as medicine and cures mainly the diseases such as pathogenic wind-toxic sore is swollen, extravesated blood gathers, and specifically has a layer wind, relieving convulsion, anticancer, removing toxic substances, the effect such as antitumor, anticonvulsion, has higher economic worth and medical value.
Because the happiness of fear heat is cold, the main procreation area of centipede is to the north of the tropic of cancer, and its strong adaptability, easily propagates artificially.Centipede is liked, in branch wood, uncultivated dark and damp cogongrass ground and great Shi inferior shelter life, hiding by day and coming out at night, and pierces in the soil that overhead 10-40CM is dark and survive the winter after late fall, after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) in next year, just comes into play.
Scorpion is arthropods, and viviparity, belongs to Buthidae, and cephalothorax is had the chelicera as two pliers as the crab.Two parts before and after its belly is divided into, front abdomen seven joints, rear abdomen five joints, afterbody has can prone telson, and built-in have poison gland, often inhabits among rubble, bark or the soil pit in dry area.Scorpion is entirely carnivorous, takes food invertebrate, as spider, cricket, little centipede.
1, scorpion belongs to the animal of hiding by day and coming out at night, and happiness tide is afraid of wet, and high light is secretly feared in happiness to stimulate.Happiness is gregarious, is fond of tranquility not active.
2, scorpion has hibernation habit, generally in mid or late April, i.e. after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), comes out of hibernation, and early November just starts the hibernation of slowly going into hibernation, and the annual activity time had about 6 months.In the middle of one day, scorpion is how out movable up to 11 o'clock evening 8 at post sunset, just returns nest perch to 2~3 o'clock of morning on next day.This mechanics is generally at warm calm, night that ground is dry, is having wind weather seldom movable with coming.
Though 3, scorpion is poikilotherm, they are still relatively more cold-resistant and heat-resisting.The temperature of external environment is at 40 ℃ to subzero 5 ℃, and scorpion all can survive.Growing and breeding of scorpion, has close relationship with temperature.Below mercury dropped to 10 ℃, scorpion just not too looses, and temperature is lower than 20 ℃, and the activity of scorpion is also less, and their optimum temperature of growing are between 25~39 ℃.Temperature is at 35~39 ℃, and scorpion is the most active, the quickening of growing, and farrowing, mating are also mostly carried out in this temperature range.Temperature surpasses 41 ℃, and the moisture in scorpion body is evaporated, if now both coolings not in time keep the skin wet again not in time, death very easily appears dehydration and in scorpion.When temperature surpasses 43 ℃, scorpion is very fast dead.Scorpion is movable, grow and breeding and temperature closely related, between 35~38 ℃ of optimum temperatures.
Ground beetle, popular name ground bettle, soil unit, Chinese medicine is named as multitudinous worm, belongs to Insecta roach mirror order Corydiidae in zootaxy, is a kind of common pharmaceutical insects.
Ground beetle is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine of invigorating blood circulation, just on the books in the < < of Eastern Han Dynasty Sheng Nong's herbal classic > >, its taste prestige is cold poisonous, the full worm effects such as having relaxing muscles and tendons Psoralen, dissipating blood stasis with potent drugs, alleviating pain and detumescence of being used as medicine, be mainly used in women's blood stasis through closing, the disease such as abdominal mass stomachache, traumatic injury and blood stasis and swelling pain.Recent studies eupolyphoge sinensis medicinal material, the medicinal extract after water decoction-alcohol sedimentation forms sediment shows to have through external methylene blue method experiment the leukocytic effect of leukaemic that suppresses.According to interrelated data, tumour is also had to certain curative effect.
Eupolyphoge sinensis polypide is about 3 centimetres; Wide approximately 2 centimetres, health ellipse is front wide and rear narrow, and taupe is flat up and down; Little being hidden in below pronotary. there are filiform antenna, compound eye flourishing, biting mouthparts, back has horizontal joint imbricate to arrange, and 3 pairs of length of foot equate there are a lot of fine, soft furs, and foot and ventical colour are light compared with the back side, are yellowish-brown.Asyngamy, male worm health is less, and russet has dipteron wing, is apt to fly surely; Carving worm health is looser. without wing.Female worm is used as medicine.
Ground beetle is liked living in quiet, dark and damp environment, active happiness is climbed, the vibrations of photophobia, fearness, be afraid of cold and be afraid of sweltering heat, be everlasting in the tree root hurdle grass of hill or Baconic loosens the soil in the soil of the lower and dark and damp dirt of the darker faggot heap of neutralization and lives, indoor many at the bottom of kitchen, storehouse, cylinder bottom, chaff heap foundation limit.Hide hidden daytime, and night is out movable, take leaf, nontoxic weeds, respectively plant vegetables leaf, melon and fruit peel, flesh etc. and rice bran Mai Maifu is food.Its active stage, is very long ,~as at the temperature of 12 1 35 degree growth the most suitable, winter with early spring temperature be down to the contracting of often dwelling below of 10 degree carry out hibernation in wall seam and stone seam with under foreign material.Annual active stage, can reach about 7 months, can be throughout the year movable in south.In the middle and lower reach of Yangtze River, be hibernation period to March in next year December, generally before and after " the Beginning of Winter ", just progressively stops eating and enter hibernation.In hibernation, the g and D of ground beetle the state that seizes up temporarily.After Clear and Bright, when temperature gos up to ll degree, come into play and look for food gradually above.Adult mating in 6 one September, be the egg-laying period annual 7~September.Post-coitum, female worm is fertilized approximately 5~7 without laying eggs.Ovum is as beanpod shape, slightly larger than rice husk.Lay eggs approximately 8~11, sheath of every 1 female worm, each ootheca is containing 10 left and right of ovum.Before mating, male worm is peeled for the last time.Grow dipteron, can fly and seek even mating.1 male worm can 10 female worms in left and right of mating, and 7 days left and right male worms of post-coitum are dead voluntarily.Optimum incubation temperature is 30~32 degree, and ovum can hatch larva through about 40 days, and the larva just having hatched is creamy white, and large as bedbug, purpling red tape black, becomes again white after shelling gradually, through 9~11 shellings, can be changed into adult.
Gryllidea (Gryllidae; Cricket) be the Yi Ge great section of Insecta, orthoptera, Grylloidea.Common name cricket, a yard grass, north of China popular name cricket.Nature and flavor with return through: pungent, salty, temperature.Poisonous.Function with cure mainly: diuresis, broken blood, relieve sore throat.For oedema, urinary obstruction, lithangiuria, cirrhotic ascites, abscess of throat.Cricket lives in caves, and often inhabits under earth's surface, masonry, in soil pit, between thick grass.Go out activity night.Omnivorousness, eats various crops, sapling, dish fruit etc., there is every year a generation and survive the winter in soil with ovum in cricket.Ovum per unit area yield, produces in the soil at ridges many in weeds and that face south, graveyard, haystack edge.Hibernating egg was given birth to October, and Second Year hatching in 4~May is nymph.Nymph casts off a skin 6 times (i.e. 6 length of times), each 3~4 days, needs altogether to turn into for 20~25 days adult.Life of Adult 141~151 days.Male worm builds soil pit and female worm lives together.That happiness inhabits is shady and cool, the soil is porous, in wetter environment.Early June turns into adult.Mid or late November, with nymph, start to survive the winter.Adult, nymph live in caves deeply reach 0.6 meter even darker.Newly-built cave is very simple, only has one to escape hole.Before laying eggs, increase and build 3~5 for a cave of laying eggs, and out search for peanut young stem and leaf and seed, transport back in cave and store, for raising the nymph just incubating.Just incubate nymph gregarious, after a couple of days, go out to look for food, burrow respectively separately.
Chinese patent 201110037361.X discloses " a kind of method that cultivates fast centipede by booth ", by cultivating in booth and coordinating antibiotic method, it is high that the centipede of cultivation has survival rate, growth cycle is short, output is high, the feature that cost is low, but owing to raising in booth, ventilation in it and solar radiation and field all differ greatly, therefore the medical value of the centipede of cultivation significantly reduces, resistance against diseases decline due to centipede self, in feeding process, need frequent feeding antibiotic, short digestion medicament and ecdysone, likely cause medicament residue to exceed standard.
Chinese patent 201010242205.2 discloses " a kind of centipede rapid propagating and breeding technology ", by cultivate centipede and soil unit in indoor or booth simultaneously, realized centipede and bait is raised simultaneously, can provide fresh bait for centipede, but this patent does not solve the problem that the resistance against diseases of indoor centipede self declines yet, and its ground done cement Horizon, cuts off completely with external environment, more than soil first culturing pool and centipede culturing pool are all positioned at ground, build cost and management cost is higher.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide imitative field ecological cultivation farm and the methods such as a kind of centipede, scorpion, soil unit, cricket (katydid), can simulate the living environments such as centipede, scorpion, soil unit, cricket (katydid) in field, the resistance against diseases of centipede, scorpion, soil unit, cricket (katydid) etc. is strong, and the medical value of adult is high.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of imitative field ecological cultivation farm, comprise enclosure wall, and in enclosure wall, be provided with outdoor culture zone and incubation division;
In described outdoor culture zone, cultivation ridge and bait cultivation ditch are alternately arranged;
In described incubation division, be provided with a plurality of breeding urns.
Described cultivation ridge is plane above Ground, and in echelon, top is provided with tile or fragment of brick to cross section, between tile or fragment of brick, is provided with gap, or overlaps mutually and form complete hiding between tile or fragment of brick.
It is highly 20-200 cm that described cultivation ridge is counted from ground surface, and upper top width degree is 50-150 cm, and the width of going to the bottom is 80-300cm.
In described cultivation ridge, be provided with tile or fragment of brick, between tile or fragment of brick, with interval soil multi-layer, pile up and form, or cultivation ridge trapezoidal inclined plane leaves gap with fragment of brick interval and builds long-pending forming, or form with pan soil indignation is long-pending, or the trapezoidal inclined plane on cultivation ridge is provided with many timbers outward, between timber, with bamboo and wood bar, connects.
Described bait cultivation trench depth is 20-150cm, is provided with a plurality of stones in bottom of trench.
Described breeding urn height is 40-90 cm, and the part of basseting is 10-50 cm, and top is provided with an opening, and opening is apart from edge 4-8 cm.
In enclosure wall, be also provided with grass planting district.
Inboard wall is also provided with protection drain ditch.
The degree of depth in described protection drain ditch is greater than the degree of depth of bait cultivation ditch.
A method for imitative field ecologic breeding, comprises the following steps:
One, in open cultivation field, be arranged alternately cultivation ridge and bait cultivation ditch, cultivation upper end, ridge is provided with tile or masonry, between tile and masonry, gap is set, in order to the insect turnover of grass planting and convenient cultivation, or all with tile or fragment of brick, is shielded in cultivation surface, ridge completely;
Two, according to local circumstance, in cultivation ridge, masonry or tile are set, or at trapezoidal inclined plane, beating a plurality of timbers reinforces and connects with bamboo and wood bar, in order to reduce the speed of caving on cultivation ridge, and provide the residence of the insect of cultivation, or cultivation ridge is piled up and is formed with soil block;
Three, breeding earthworm, yellow mealworm and/or soil unit in bait cultivation ditch, for the insect cultivating provides bait;
Four, a plurality of breeding urns are set in incubation division;
Five, the protection drain ditch of unnecessary ponding is invaded and discharged to setting in order to prevent ant;
Six, grass planting and tree planting in white space, cultivation ridge and bait cultivation ditch, for drawing dewdrop to the insect of cultivation insect warming and that be convenient to cultivation and providing food for bait;
By above-mentioned steps, realize the imitative field ecologic breeding of centipede, scorpion, soil unit, cricket (katydid).
A kind of imitative field ecological cultivation farm provided by the invention and method, it is main adopting feeding high protein, meat-eating race, the insect food chains such as earthworm, yellow mealworm and/or soil unit are the cultural method that diatery supplement combines, and the plant of outdoor construction meets the wild life habit of the insect of cultivation, greatly improved insect resistance against diseases and the growth and breeding speed of cultivation, and the adult property of medicine is good, effect is strong, best in quality, market price is high.
Adopt the not original soil outdoor breeding of making cement Horizon, the good environment of outdoor air is good, circulation of air, and solar radiation is sufficient, the insect of cultivation is not easy to fall ill, survival rate is high, adopts diversified food ecological chain feeding, and immunity is high, queen spawning rate is high, larva survival rate is high, rains and do not need to hide during cultivation, becomes a fine day and need not spray water.Time and labour saving, aquaculture cost is low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of plant in the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 1.
Embodiment
In Fig. 1.An imitative field ecological cultivation farm, comprises enclosure wall 1, and the bottom of enclosure wall 1 is with the embedding glass of 40-60cm left and right, also available water adobe is made enclosure wall, and more than foundation needs degree of depth 30cm, inner side is floating with cement mortar, inlay with glass planar on enclosure wall surface, goes out interior along 10-20CM left and right.
In enclosure wall 1, be provided with outdoor culture zone and incubation division; In described outdoor culture zone, cultivation ridge 4 is alternately arranged with bait cultivation ditch 5; Outdoor culture zone and incubation division be all arranged on open outdoor, do not arrange on the soil of cement Horizon, so that simulation wild environment.
In described incubation division, be provided with a plurality of breeding urns 6.Described breeding urn 6 is highly 40-90cm left and right, 50 centimetres of left and right degree of depth of native scarifying, is inverted and imbeds the large glue cylinder of purchasing, large glue cylinder actinal surface diameter 70-90cm, cylinder bottom diameter 20-40cm, the part of basseting is 10-50cm, top is provided with an opening, and opening is apart from edge 4-8cm left and right.In breeding urn 6, by tile or soil great group mixed configuration, thick tile is placed on top layer again, in order to play the effect of heat and moisture preserving shading.Breeding urn 6 is as the collection centipede of becoming pregnant, and its place of safety of laying eggs is provided, and the centipede that can avoid becoming pregnant is subject to the agitation of other centipedes and natural enemy, and has greatly reduced the trouble of the little centipede of later collection.In cylinder, in soil and pond, soil communicates, and guarantees soil moisture in cylinder, and temperature is consistent.At cylinder, put cotton-wool that one deck abandons, clothing, grass etc. all around, play the effect of cooling, insulation, moisturizing.
In Fig. 2, described cultivation ridge 4 is plane above Ground, and in echelon, top is provided with tile or fragment of brick suitably hides for cross section, is also provided with gap between tile or fragment of brick.Or between tile or fragment of brick, overlap joint forms complete hiding mutually.
It is highly 20-200 cm that described cultivation ridge is counted from ground surface, and upper top width degree is 50-150 cm, and the width of going to the bottom is 80-300cm.
In described cultivation ridge 4, be provided with tile or fragment of brick, between tile and fragment of brick, have gap, gap is more than 6cm conventionally; Or cultivation ridge 4 trapezoidal inclined plane be provided with many timbers 7 outward, between timber 7 with connections such as bamboo and wood bars.Cultivation ridge 4 is piled up with tile or fragment of brick in the area easily obtaining for tile or fragment of brick, like this can the more centipede residence of natural formation, by digging the soil that bait cultivation ditch 5 takes out, be deposited between tile or fragment of brick, so that grass planting.At tile or fragment of brick, be difficult for the region obtaining, the many timbers 7 of take are squeezed into and are cultivated 4 both sides, ridge as column, between timber 7, usining bamboo and wood bar or rattan etc. encloses soil as enclosing to block, to reinforce cultivation ridge 4, and being convenient to centipede takes food up and down along timber 7, and grass planting is lowered the temperature with further soil conservation on cultivation ridge 4, insulation, moisturizing.The mode that employing is suited measures to local conditions can greatly reduce the construction cost of plant.Tile, fragment of brick and timber also can arrange simultaneously.In drier area, cultivation ridge long-pending the forming of 4 use pan soil indignations is also feasible.
Described bait cultivation ditch 5 degree of depth are 20-150cm, the about 30-80cm of ditch bottom width, and hem width 40-150cm on ditch, is provided with a plurality of stones in bottom of trench.Stone, at a distance of about 50cm left and right, is convenient to people's walking, and as the habitat of bait insect, plants weeds etc. between stone, and throw in grass bits, dish leaf is used for breeding the insects such as earthworm, yellow mealworm and/or soil unit.When rainfall, bait cultivation ditch 5 can be by rain water-harvesting at bottom of trench, slowly from soil, permeate away, as become a fine day for a long time, at bottom of trench, also can keep dark moist, create an a home from home that is applicable to its growth and breeding to the insects such as earthworm, yellow mealworm and/or soil unit, meanwhile, the moisture of bottom of trench also can be supplied with the required part moisture content in cultivation ridge 4.
In enclosure wall, be also provided with grass planting district 3.The grass planting district 3 arranging act on very great in the present invention, and grass can be grown to be applicable to centipede by natural maintenance moisture, and blade of grass is convenient to centipede and is drawn natural dewdrop, and has to the warming effect of centipede.The insects such as returning earthworm, yellow mealworm and/or soil unit of growing grass provides natural food.Grass planting has formed the environment of semi-wet by soil, can natural generation very many be convenient to the nest that centipede perches.Grass planting district 3 is not limited in the blank space of plant, also be to cultivate on gap location between tile on ridge 4 or fragment of brick and trapezoidal cultivation ridge 4 domatic, and the bottom of trench of bait cultivation ditch 5 and domatic, the grass planting at these positions can also conserve water and soil further, delay to cultivate the avalanche speed on ridge 4, thereby reduced aquaculture cost.Tree planting such as landscape tree or fruit tree etc. in interval on cultivation ridge, to reduce sunlight thermal radiation.
Inboard wall is also provided with protection drain ditch 2.Protection drain ditch 2 can prevent that ant from entering, and facilitates centipede drinking-water, and can prevent centipede escape.The degree of depth in described protection drain ditch 2 is greater than the degree of depth of bait cultivation ditch 5.Bait can be cultivated like this to the unnecessary water of ditch 5 and be drained in protection drain ditch 2 with penetration mode, avoid the interior too much ponding of bait cultivation ditch 5.Comparatively convenient for hillside fields or orchard internal cause draining, also can in the airly protect drain ditch 2.
A method for imitative field ecologic breeding, comprises the following steps:
One, in open cultivation field, be arranged alternately cultivation ridge 4 and bait cultivation ditch 5, cultivation ridge 4 upper end tile or masonries, arrange gap between tile and masonry, in order to grass planting with facilitate centipede turnover;
Two, according to local circumstance, cultivating interior masonry or the tile of arranging in ridge 4, or playing a plurality of timbers reinforcings and with connections such as bamboo and wood bars, in order to reduce the speed of caving on cultivation ridge 4, and provide the residence of centipede at trapezoidal inclined plane;
Three, in the interior breeding earthworm of bait cultivation ditch 5, yellow mealworm and/or soil unit etc., for centipede provides bait;
Four, a plurality of breeding urns 6 are set in incubation division; Take centipede as example, the parent before laying eggs, the too fat to move belly ground proximity of figure, is slow in action.To there being the parent of the sign of laying eggs, just before 3 ~ 4 days, collected in breeding urn 6, both effectively utilized cultured area, avoid phase mutual interference and swallow, being conducive to lay eggs smoothly in the quiet environment of centipede, minute cylinder (or minute pond) of being also convenient to young centipede and female centipede is raised.Be noted that especially near breeding urn 6 between the egg-laying period and should keep quite, lay eggs and a few days ago will stop feeding, especially in 40 ~ 50 days in hatching process, more should strictly forbid feeding bait.
Five, the protection drain ditch 2 of unnecessary ponding is invaded and discharged to setting in order to prevent ant;
Six, at white space, the interior grass planting of cultivation ridge 4 and bait cultivation ditch 5, for giving centipede warming and be convenient to centipede and draw dewdrop and provide food for bait;
By above-mentioned steps, realize the imitative field ecologic breeding of the insects such as centipede, scorpion, soil unit, cricket (katydid).
The centipede of take in this example is illustrated as example, but this should not be considered as for restriction of the present invention, after tested, plant in the present invention and cultural method also can be for the cultivation of the insects such as scorpion, soil unit, cricket (katydid), compare other indoor culture mode, plant in the present invention and cultural method have improved resistance against diseases and the growth and breeding speed of centipede, scorpion, cricket (katydid) greatly, and have effectively reduced management cost.

Claims (3)

1. an imitative field ecological cultivation farm, comprises enclosure wall (1), it is characterized in that: enclosure wall is provided with outdoor culture zone and incubation division in (1);
In described outdoor culture zone, cultivation ridge (4) is alternately arranged with bait cultivation ditch (5);
Described cultivation ridge (4) is plane above Ground, and it is highly 20-200 cm that described cultivation ridge is counted from ground surface, and upper top width degree is 50-150 cm, and the width of going to the bottom is 80-300cm; In echelon, top is provided with tile or fragment of brick to cross section, between tile or fragment of brick, is provided with gap, or overlaps mutually and form complete hiding between tile or fragment of brick;
Described bait cultivation ditch (5) degree of depth is 20-150cm, is provided with a plurality of stones in bottom of trench;
In described incubation division, being provided with the described breeding urn height of a plurality of breeding urns (6) is 40-90 cm, and the part of basseting is 10-50 cm, and top is provided with an opening, and opening is apart from edge 4-8 cm;
In enclosure wall, be also provided with grass planting district (3);
Inboard wall is also provided with protection drain ditch (2);
The degree of depth in described protection drain ditch (2) is greater than the degree of depth of bait cultivation ditch (5).
2. a kind of imitative field according to claim 1 ecological cultivation farm, it is characterized in that: in described cultivation ridge, be provided with tile or fragment of brick, between tile or fragment of brick, with interval soil multi-layer, pile up and form, or cultivation ridge trapezoidal inclined plane leaves gap with fragment of brick interval and builds long-pending forming, or form with pan soil indignation is long-pending, or the trapezoidal inclined plane on cultivation ridge is provided with many timbers outward, between timber, with bamboo and wood bar, connects.
3. the method that the plant described in employing claim 1 ~ 2 any one imitates field ecologic breeding, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
One, in open cultivation field, be arranged alternately cultivation ridge (4) and bait cultivation ditch (5), cultivation top, ridge (4) is provided with tile or fragment of brick, between tile or fragment of brick, gap is set, in order to the insect turnover of grass planting and convenient cultivation, or all with tile or fragment of brick, be shielded in cultivation surface, ridge completely;
Two, according to local circumstance, in cultivation ridge (4), fragment of brick or tile are set, or at trapezoidal inclined plane, beating a plurality of timbers reinforces and connects with bamboo and wood bar, in order to reduce the speed of caving on cultivation ridge (4), and provide the residence of the insect of cultivation, or cultivation ridge (4) is piled up and is formed with soil block;
Three, breeding earthworm, yellow mealworm and/or soil unit in bait cultivation ditch (5), for the insect cultivating provides bait;
Four, a plurality of breeding urns (6) are set in incubation division;
Five, the protection drain ditch (2) of unnecessary ponding is invaded and discharged to setting in order to prevent ant;
Six, grass planting and tree planting in white space, cultivation ridge (4) and bait cultivation ditch (5), for giving the warming and insect absorption dewdrop being convenient to cultivate of the insect of cultivation and providing food for bait;
By above-mentioned steps, realize the imitative field ecologic breeding of centipede, scorpion, soil unit, cricket (katydid).
CN201110302168.4A 2011-10-09 2011-10-09 Field-like ecological cultivation farm and field-like ecological cultivation method Active CN102334469B (en)

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