CN105900936B - A kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method - Google Patents

A kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method Download PDF

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CN105900936B
CN105900936B CN201610411557.3A CN201610411557A CN105900936B CN 105900936 B CN105900936 B CN 105900936B CN 201610411557 A CN201610411557 A CN 201610411557A CN 105900936 B CN105900936 B CN 105900936B
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hayashishita
centipede
soil
plants
animals
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CN105900936A (en
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方剑清
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Xinchang Dachuandian Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • A01K67/0332Earthworms
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention belongs to hayashishita resources development and utilization field, specially a kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method includes the following steps: the cultivation of A, earthworm, in the time in the early spring, is shallowly turned over after hayashishita soil successively to be spread to the base-material and bait of vermiculture;Spray water after the completion of shallowly turning over, the water sprayed can guarantee ground moistening at lower 0.2 meter of soil;B, centipede seedling is launched in the cultivation of centipede after the completion of earthworm seedling is launched in hayashishita soil in 1 month;And swill is launched in centipede culturing area, the throw-in density of swill is every square meter 100g;C, on the region of breeding earthworm, several ridges are laid with hayashishita soil, ornamental vegetation is planted on ridge;And artificial bridge is built in flower planting overlying regions, for passing through flowers under forestry area and ornamental plantation for people.It makes full use of the soil resource of hayashishita, space resources and land area resource, and makes the economic benefit of hayashishita resource raising forestry maintenance person.

Description

A kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method
Technical field
The invention belongs to hayashishita resources development and utilization field, specially a kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method.
Background technique
For hayashishita resource as the essential component part of the forest reserves, it is important to be that the forest zone people depend on for existence and development Basis, and the powerful guarantee of the maintenance land ecological balance.Reasonable development hayashishita resource can both be effectively protected forest money Source avoids the wasting of resources, and can open up new avenues of employment, and increases income of non-agricultural workers, pushes the fast development of economy of forestry.
The exploitation of present China hayashishita resource is concentrated mainly on, single underwood planting, such as Chinese patent CN105519343A " a kind of method of Kiwi berry underwood planting Chloranthus glaber ", including following measures: (1) selection of land, (2) site preparation, (3) Field planting, (4) look into seedling fill the gaps with seedlings, (5) tillage and weeding, (6) irrigate with draining, (7) top dressing, (8) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, (9) timely collecting, The purpose is to realize the effective use in soil.Chinese patent CN103651249A " a kind of hayashishita chicken-raising method " selects tree in flakes Woods, leeward to have abundant water resources on the sunny side, fence is arranged in woods periphery, prevents chicken killed and loses;Henhouse and pipe are built in the woods Manage facility;Chicken is put into the woods raising of looking for food daytime, catches up with chicken to enter henhouse at night;Fixed point is launched feed and is freely adopted for chicken in the woods Food;Winter and early spring it is noted that warming, summer pay attention to preventing heatstroke and lower the temperature.
But the above method is only the utilization to land resource, and the not just land area resource that hayashishita resource includes is also Mulch cover mulch-covering, mulch cover mulch-covering are to the sky among soil resource, ground and the forestry upper layer under the storage resource of rainwater, fertile mulch cover mulch-covering Between resource etc..How hayashishita resource is fully played, so that the crowd's benefit for relying on forestry life is higher, there has been no effective now Technological means.
Summary of the invention
To make the resource of hayashishita obtain fully playing utilization, the present invention provides a kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method, It makes full use of the soil resource of hayashishita, space resources and land area resource, and hayashishita resource is made to improve forestry maintenance The economic benefit of person.
To realize the above-mentioned technical purpose, the specific technical solution that the present invention takes is a kind of hayashishita animals and plants mixed breeding side Method includes the following steps:
A, the cultivation of earthworm carries out after hayashishita soil successively to be spread to the base-material and bait of vermiculture in the time in the early spring It shallowly turns over, shallowly turning over depth is 0.2-0.4 meters;Spray water after the completion of shallowly turning over, the amount of the water sprayed can guarantee soil at lower 0.2 meter of soil It is wet;Wherein, the cultivation density of earthworm is every square meter 20-100 item, and the volume ratio of base-material and bait is 3:(1-2);
B, centipede seedling is launched in the cultivation of centipede after the completion of earthworm seedling is launched in hayashishita soil in 1 month, launch centipede The density of seedling is 20-50 item/every square meter;And swill is launched in centipede culturing area, the throw-in density of swill is every Square meter 100g;
C, on the region of breeding earthworm, several ridges are laid with hayashishita soil, ornamental vegetation is planted on ridge;And in flower Artificial bridge is built above grass planting area, for passing through flowers under forestry area and ornamental plantation for people.
Wherein, vegetation is watched are as follows: a kind of or two classes in flowers and foliage plant.
Wherein, the flowers be cuckoo, camellia, jade hairpin, kaffir lily, winter daphne, hydrangea, oleander, Hipeastrum vittalum (L Her.) Herb.- Amaryllisvittata Ait, broad-leaved epiphyllum, One of nopalxochia, schlumbergera, common calla and narcissus are a variety of.
Wherein, the foliage plant be winter creeper, ivy, mucuna, trachelospermum jasminoide, cyperus alternifolius, palm, the bamboo palm, rubber tree, Pink reineckea herb, Nan Tian Zhu and one of evergreen or a variety of.
It wherein, further include planting mushroom on hayashishita tree root periphery after centipede grows up one month.
Wherein, the mushroom is selected as: Chai Muer, from dorsal body setae agaric, phoenix-tail mushroom, grey mushroom (abalonelike), Taojiang oyster mushroom, coprinus comatus, mill One of mushroom and ganoderma lucidum are a variety of.
It wherein, further include cultivating butterfly and dragonfly in hayashishita.
Wherein, selected hayashishita is to have under the forestry of 3-5 the growth stage.
Wherein, the shape on the ridge is flower pattern, the staggered ornamental vegetation of plantation height on flower pattern ridge.
Beneficial effect
The cultivation of centipede earthworm is placed in hayashishita soil horizon and mulch cover mulch-covering by the present invention, separately plants ornamental value flower on ground Grass;And in the spatially band cultivation butterfly of hayashishita, dragonfly etc., that is, the resource of the every aspect of hayashishita is taken full advantage of, is also formed One small-sized biological cycle system;Meanwhile butterfly, the excrement of dragonfly and fallen leaves provide convenient item for the cultivation of centipede earthworm Part, the cultivation of earthworm are that centipede provides certain food source also effective guarantee gas permeability on ornamental vegetation root system periphery, And on the one hand ornamental vegetation provides advantage for the existence of butterfly, dragonfly, on the other hand also increase together with butterfly, dragonfly The aesthetics of hayashishita provides certain artificial ornamental resource.
In conclusion method of the invention is to combine ecologic breeding with the places of cultural interest, as forestry culturist is provided The profit of hayashishita resource provides certain tourism profit also for forestry culturist, and in addition investment required for entire breeding process is total It measures less, reduces the financial burden of forestry culturist.
Specific embodiment
To keep purpose and the technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, to this The technical solution of invention is clearly and completely described.Obviously, described embodiment is a part of the embodiments of the present invention, Instead of all the embodiments.Based on described the embodiment of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without creativeness Every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention under the premise of labour.
Those skilled in the art of the present technique are appreciated that unless otherwise defined, all terms used herein (including technology art Language and scientific term) there is meaning identical with the general understanding of those of ordinary skill in fields of the present invention.Should also Understand, those terms such as defined in the general dictionary, which should be understood that, to be had and the meaning in the context of the prior art The consistent meaning of justice, and unless defined as here, it will not be explained in an idealized or overly formal meaning.
Embodiment 1
A kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method, includes the following steps:
A, the cultivation of earthworm carries out after hayashishita soil successively to be spread to the base-material and bait of vermiculture in the time in the early spring It shallowly turns over, shallowly turning over depth is 0.2 meter;Spray water after the completion of shallowly turning over, the amount of the water sprayed can guarantee that soil is wet at lower 0.2 meter of soil Profit;Wherein, the cultivation density of earthworm is every square meter 100, and the volume ratio of base-material and bait is 3:1;
B, centipede seedling is launched in the cultivation of centipede after the completion of earthworm seedling is launched in hayashishita soil in 1 month, launch centipede The density of seedling is 50/every square meter;And swill is launched in centipede culturing area, the throw-in density of swill is every square meter 100g;
C, on the region of breeding earthworm, several ridges are laid with hayashishita soil, ornamental vegetation is planted on ridge;And in flower Artificial bridge is built above grass planting area, for passing through flowers under forestry area and ornamental plantation for people.
The shape on ridge is padmasana in the present embodiment, and cuckoo, camellia, jade hairpin, monarch are staggeredly planted on lotiform ridge Sub blue, winter daphne and hydrangea;In cuckoo, camellia, jade hairpin, kaffir lily, winter daphne and hydrangea every kind of flower planting together, Homalographic is staggeredly planted between flowers and flowers.
It further include planting mushroom on hayashishita tree root periphery after centipede grows up one month to make full use of hayashishita resource, The mushroom is selected as: Chai Muer, from dorsal body setae agaric, phoenix-tail mushroom, grey mushroom (abalonelike), Taojiang oyster mushroom, coprinus comatus, dried mushroom or ganoderma lucidum, at this Bavin agaric or grey mushroom (abalonelike) are selected in embodiment.
In order to enable hayashishita flowers can obtain sufficiently pollinating and pollinating, further includes cultivating butterfly, dragonfly in hayashishita, increase Ornamental value.
In order to enable will not influence the growth of forestry when making full use of hayashishita resource, selected hayashishita is the growth stage to have 3- Under forestry in 5 years.
Embodiment 2
A kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method selects the growth stage to have under forestry in 4 years, and animals and plants are carried out under forestry and are supported Shield, includes the following steps:
A, the cultivation of earthworm carries out after hayashishita soil successively to be spread to the base-material and bait of vermiculture in the time in the early spring It shallowly turns over, shallowly turning over depth is 0.4 meter;Spray water after the completion of shallowly turning over, the amount of the water sprayed can guarantee that soil is wet at lower 0.2 meter of soil Profit;Wherein, the cultivation density of earthworm is every square meter 20, and the volume ratio of base-material and bait is 3:2;Wherein earthworm effect first is that Hayashishita soil is loosened, second is that a certain amount of feed is provided for centipede, third is that the earthworm of high yield can be used for deep processing;
B, centipede seedling is launched in the cultivation of centipede after the completion of earthworm seedling is launched in hayashishita soil in 1 month, launch centipede The density of seedling is 20/every square meter;And swill is launched in centipede culturing area, the throw-in density of swill is every square meter 100g;The centipede cultivated is used for the deep processing of product;
C, on the region of breeding earthworm, several ridges are laid with hayashishita soil, the shape on ridge is the flower pattern of common calla, Ornamental vegetation is planted on ridge;Ornamental vegetation is selected as hydrangea, oleander, Hipeastrum vittalum (L Her.) Herb.- Amaryllisvittata Ait, broad-leaved epiphyllum, nopalxochia, schlumbergera, common calla And narcissus, every kind of hydrangea, oleander, Hipeastrum vittalum (L Her.) Herb.- Amaryllisvittata Ait, broad-leaved epiphyllum, nopalxochia, schlumbergera, common calla and narcissus flower planting Together, interlaced arrangement and between flowers and flowers;And artificial bridge is built in flower planting overlying regions, for being worn for people Flowers under forestry area and ornamental plantation are crossed, while labor management hayashishita species can also be facilitated;
D, after centipede grows up one month, mushroom is planted on hayashishita tree root periphery, the mushroom is selected as: Chai Muer, carried on the back certainly Uricularia polytricha, phoenix-tail mushroom, grey mushroom (abalonelike), Taojiang oyster mushroom, coprinus comatus, dried mushroom or ganoderma lucidum are selected as from dorsal body setae agaric in the present embodiment;
E, butterfly and dragonfly are cultivated in hayashishita, increases ornamental value, the cultivation density of butterfly is every square meter 1-4;Dragonfly Cultivation density is every square meter 2-5.
Embodiment 3
A kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method selects the growth stage to have under forestry in 3 years, and animals and plants are carried out under forestry and are supported Shield, includes the following steps:
A, the cultivation of earthworm carries out after hayashishita soil successively to be spread to the base-material and bait of vermiculture in the time in the early spring It shallowly turns over, shallowly turning over depth is 0.3 meter;Spray water after the completion of shallowly turning over, the amount of the water sprayed can guarantee that soil is wet at lower 0.2 meter of soil Profit;Wherein, the cultivation density of earthworm is every square meter 70, and the volume ratio of base-material and bait is 2:1;
B, centipede seedling is launched in the cultivation of centipede after the completion of earthworm seedling is launched in hayashishita soil in 1 month, launch centipede The density of seedling is 6/every square meter;And swill is launched in centipede culturing area, the throw-in density of swill is every square meter 100g;
C, on the region of breeding earthworm, several ridges are laid with hayashishita soil, ornamental vegetation is planted on ridge, watches and plants It is chosen as nopalxochia, schlumbergera, winter creeper, ivy and mucuna;And artificial bridge is built in flower planting overlying regions, For passing through flowers under forestry area and ornamental plantation for people;
D, after centipede grows up one month, mushroom is planted on hayashishita tree root periphery, the mushroom is selected as: phoenix-tail mushroom, Taojiang Oyster mushroom, coprinus comatus, dried mushroom or ganoderma lucidum;Above-mentioned mushroom is cultivated in a random distribution in hayashishita tree root periphery;
E, butterfly, dragonfly are cultivated in hayashishita, increases ornamental value, the cultivation density of butterfly is only every square metre of 1-3, dragonfly Cultivation density is only every square metre of 2-4.
Embodiment 4
A kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method selects the growth stage to have under forestry in 5 years, and animals and plants are carried out under forestry and are supported Shield, includes the following steps:
A, the cultivation of earthworm carries out after hayashishita soil successively to be spread to the base-material and bait of vermiculture in the time in the early spring It shallowly turns over, shallowly turning over depth is 0.4 meter;Spray water after the completion of shallowly turning over, the amount of the water sprayed can guarantee that soil is wet at lower 0.2 meter of soil Profit;Wherein, the cultivation density of earthworm is every square meter 100, and the volume ratio of base-material and bait is 3:2;
B, centipede seedling is launched in the cultivation of centipede after the completion of earthworm seedling is launched in hayashishita soil in 1 month, launch centipede The density of seedling is 20/every square meter;And swill is launched in centipede culturing area, the throw-in density of swill is every square meter 100g;
C, on the region of breeding earthworm, several ridges are laid with hayashishita soil, ornamental vegetation is planted on ridge, watches and plants By for winter creeper, ivy, mucuna, trachelospermum jasminoide, cyperus alternifolius, palm, the bamboo palm, rubber tree, pink reineckea herb, Nan Tian Zhu and 10000 years Blueness, winter creeper, ivy, mucuna, trachelospermum jasminoide, cyperus alternifolius, palm, the bamboo palm, rubber tree, pink reineckea herb, Nan Tian Zhu and evergreen It plants on ridge, by the way that panda shape can be formed after trimming;And artificial bridge is built in flower planting overlying regions, for for people The flowers under forestry area and ornamental plantation;
D, after centipede grows up one month, mushroom is planted on hayashishita tree root periphery, the mushroom is selected as: coprinus comatus, dried mushroom With ganoderma lucidum, three kinds of mushrooms are respectively planted in flakes;
E, further include cultivating butterfly, dragonfly and honeybee in hayashishita, increase ornamental value, the cultivation density of butterfly is 1-3 Every square metre, the cultivation density of dragonfly is only every square metre of 2-4, and the cultivation density of honeybee is only every square metre of 1-3.
Comparative example 5
A kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method selects the growth stage to have under forestry in 5 years, and animals and plants are carried out under forestry and are supported Shield, includes the following steps:
A, centipede seedling is launched in the cultivation of centipede after the completion of earthworm seedling is launched in hayashishita soil in 1 month, launch centipede The density of seedling is 20/every square meter;And swill is launched in centipede culturing area, the throw-in density of swill is every square meter 100g;
B, several ridges are laid with hayashishita soil, ornamental vegetation are planted on ridge, watch vegetation be winter creeper, ivy, Mucuna, trachelospermum jasminoide, cyperus alternifolius, palm, the bamboo palm, rubber tree, pink reineckea herb, Nan Tian Zhu and evergreen, winter creeper, ivy, oil Numb rattan, trachelospermum jasminoide, cyperus alternifolius, palm, the bamboo palm, rubber tree, pink reineckea herb, Nan Tian Zhu and evergreen plantation are on ridge, passing through trimming After can form panda shape;And artificial bridge is built in flower planting overlying regions, for passing through forestry area and ornamental plantation for people Lower flowers;
C, after centipede grows up one month, mushroom is planted on hayashishita tree root periphery, the mushroom is selected as: coprinus comatus, dried mushroom With ganoderma lucidum, three kinds of mushrooms are respectively planted in flakes;
D, further include cultivating butterfly, dragonfly and honeybee in hayashishita, increase ornamental value, the cultivation density of butterfly is 1-3 Every square metre, the cultivation density of dragonfly is only every square metre of 2-4, and the cultivation density of honeybee is only every square metre of 1-3.
Implementation result
Embodiment 1-4 centipede yield is high, and flowers and forestry growing way are good, when forest resourceies total revenue is untapped hayashishita resource 2-3 times;In embodiment 5, centipede yield is low compared with embodiment 1-4, and the sparse needs of flowers growing way, which are periodically mended, plants, and forest resourceies are always received 1-1.5 times when benefit is untapped hayashishita resource.
The above is only embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, and but it cannot be understood as right The limitation of the invention patent range.It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art, not departing from the present invention Under the premise of design, various modifications and improvements can be made, these are all belonged to the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method, which comprises the steps of:
A, the cultivation of earthworm is shallowly turned over after hayashishita soil successively to be spread to the base-material and bait of vermiculture in the time in the early spring, Shallowly turning over depth is 0.2-0.4 meters;Spray water after the completion of shallowly turning over, the amount of the water sprayed can guarantee ground moistening at lower 0.2 meter of soil; Wherein, the cultivation density of earthworm is every square meter 20-100 item, and the volume ratio of base-material and bait is 3:(1-2);
B, centipede seedling is launched in the cultivation of centipede after the completion of earthworm seedling is launched in hayashishita soil in 1 month, launch centipede seedling Density is 20-50 item/every square meter;And swill is launched in centipede culturing area, the throw-in density of swill is every square meter 100g;
C, on the region of breeding earthworm, several ridges are laid with hayashishita soil, ornamental vegetation is planted on ridge;And in the sight Flower planting overlying regions in reward vegetation build artificial bridge, for passing through flowers under forestry area and ornamental plantation for people,
The ornamental vegetation are as follows: a kind of or two classes in flowers and foliage plant.
2. a kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the flowers are cuckoo, tea Flower, jade hairpin, kaffir lily, winter daphne, hydrangea, oleander, Hipeastrum vittalum (L Her.) Herb.- Amaryllisvittata Ait, broad-leaved epiphyllum, nopalxochia, schlumbergera, common calla and narcissus One of or it is a variety of.
3. a kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the foliage plant is to help virtue Rattan, ivy, mucuna, trachelospermum jasminoide, cyperus alternifolius, palm, the bamboo palm, rubber tree, pink reineckea herb, Nan Tian Zhu and one of evergreen Or it is a variety of.
4. a kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include in centipede growth one After a month, mushroom is planted on hayashishita tree root periphery.
5. a kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the mushroom is selected as: Chai Mu Ear, from one of dorsal body setae agaric, phoenix-tail mushroom, grey mushroom (abalonelike), Taojiang oyster mushroom, coprinus comatus, dried mushroom and ganoderma lucidum or a variety of.
6. a kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include cultivating butterfly in hayashishita Butterfly and dragonfly.
7. a kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that selected hayashishita is the growth stage Have under the forestry of 3-5.
8. a kind of hayashishita animals and plants polyculture method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the shape on the ridge is flower Type, the staggered ornamental vegetation of plantation height on flower pattern ridge.
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CN107094502A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-08-29 中国热带农业科学院环境与植物保护研究所 Dictyophora phalloidea and medicinal earthworm recycle the construction method of the ecosystem under rubber forest
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CN103782957A (en) * 2014-02-14 2014-05-14 杨成胜 Management method for toad breeding under forest
CN104396682A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-11 黄欢 Method for breeding earthworm and interplanting hosta plantaginea in vineyard

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