WO2023024689A1 - 一种电动客车的车架 - Google Patents

一种电动客车的车架 Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2023024689A1
WO2023024689A1 PCT/CN2022/101727 CN2022101727W WO2023024689A1 WO 2023024689 A1 WO2023024689 A1 WO 2023024689A1 CN 2022101727 W CN2022101727 W CN 2022101727W WO 2023024689 A1 WO2023024689 A1 WO 2023024689A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
frame
longitudinal
special
section
passenger car
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2022/101727
Other languages
English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
张迪
陈国华
高嘉利
倪祯浩
胡远敏
Original Assignee
浙江中车电车有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 浙江中车电车有限公司 filed Critical 浙江中车电车有限公司
Publication of WO2023024689A1 publication Critical patent/WO2023024689A1/zh

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D21/00Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted
    • B62D21/02Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted comprising longitudinally or transversely arranged frame members

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the technical field of new energy vehicles, in particular to a vehicle frame of an electric passenger vehicle.
  • the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a frame of an electric passenger car for solving the above-mentioned problems.
  • the technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is a vehicle frame of an electric passenger car, comprising:
  • the frame of the front axle section includes: two first longitudinal support assemblies, one of which is respectively arranged on both sides of the vehicle frame, and the first longitudinal support assemblies include first longitudinal support assemblies arranged side by side along the height direction.
  • a middle frame which is connected to one end of the front axle frame
  • the frame of the rear axle section is connected with the end of the frame of the middle section away from the frame of the front axle section.
  • the frame of the rear axle section includes: two second longitudinal support assemblies, and the two sides of the frame are respectively A second longitudinal support assembly is provided, and the second longitudinal support assembly includes: a first longitudinal bar and a second longitudinal bar overlapped along the height direction; a reinforcing plate, and the reinforcing plate is simultaneously fixed to the first The longitudinal bar and the second longitudinal bar; the second transverse support assembly includes a plurality of parallel transverse bars, and the two ends of the transverse bars are respectively fixedly connected to a second longitudinal support assembly.
  • a third longitudinal beam is provided on a side of any one of the first longitudinal beams away from the other first longitudinal beam, and the third longitudinal beam is parallel to the first longitudinal beam.
  • first longitudinal beam is above the second longitudinal beam
  • a reinforcement beam is also provided, one end of the reinforcement beam is connected to the second longitudinal beam, and the other end is connected to the third longitudinal beam.
  • the middle section frame includes: a frame body, on which a plurality of special-shaped slot holes are arranged, and the special-shaped slot holes include a first slot section and a second slot section, and the first slot section and the The second slot section communicates; a plurality of brackets for installing batteries, the brackets are connected to the frame body through special-shaped bolts, and the nuts of the special-shaped bolts can enter the special-shaped slot holes from the first slot section and offset against the second groove segment.
  • the width of the first slot segment is greater than the width of the second slot segment
  • the width of the nut of the special-shaped bolt is smaller than its length, and the length of the special-shaped bolt is less than or equal to the width of the first slot segment.
  • the frame body is spliced by a plurality of hollow square tubes, and the square tubes have an upper inner wall and a lower inner wall on opposite sides;
  • the nuts of the special-shaped bolts are arranged in a parallelogram shape, and the length of the nuts of the special-shaped bolts is greater than or equal to the distance between the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall.
  • first longitudinal bar is directly above the second longitudinal bar
  • a third longitudinal rod is provided on a side of any one of the first longitudinal rods away from the other first longitudinal rod, and the third longitudinal rod is parallel to the first longitudinal rod.
  • two leaf spring mounting plates are fixedly connected to the side of the second longitudinal bar away from the first longitudinal bar, and there is a space between the two leaf spring mounting plates for accommodating the rear axle.
  • a plurality of diagonal support rods are also provided, one end of the diagonal support rods is fixedly connected to the leaf spring mounting plate, and the other end of the diagonal support rods is fixedly connected to the second longitudinal rod.
  • tail section frame which is connected to the end of the rear axle section frame away from the middle section frame.
  • the present invention has at least the following beneficial effects:
  • the first longitudinal beam and the second longitudinal beam in the longitudinal support assembly are arranged side by side along the height direction, so that the first longitudinal beam and the second longitudinal beam form a double-layer support structure, which improves the load bearing ability.
  • the horizontal support component can also separate and organize the accommodation space while playing a supporting role, thereby improving the utilization rate of space.
  • the two longitudinal bars form a double-layer support structure to improve the bending resistance of the frame of the rear axle section; then add a reinforcement plate at the same time
  • the fixed connection with the two longitudinal rods makes the integrity of the first longitudinal rod and the second longitudinal rod stronger, thereby improving the rigidity of the double-layer support structure and further improving the bending resistance of the rear axle frame.
  • a special-shaped slot hole is set on the frame body, and the special-shaped slot hole is divided into a first slot section and a second slot section.
  • the nut of the special-shaped bolt enters from the first slot section and can slide to the
  • the second groove segment is in contact with each other, so that the nut of the special-shaped bolt can always be in contact with the second groove segment as long as it does not slide, so as to realize fastening without loosening.
  • the length of the nut of the special-shaped bolt is greater than or equal to the distance between the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall, so that after the special-shaped bolt is rotated, the two ends of the nut can be respectively offset against the upper inner wall/lower inner wall, thereby strengthening the bolt Connection strength at the joints to avoid loosening.
  • Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the vehicle frame of electric passenger car in the embodiment
  • Fig. 2 is the structural representation of front axle section vehicle frame in the embodiment
  • Fig. 3 is the structural representation of middle section vehicle frame in the embodiment
  • Fig. 4 is the structural representation of special-shaped bolt and special-shaped slot in the embodiment
  • Fig. 5 is the structural representation of rear axle section vehicle frame in the embodiment
  • Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of the structure of Fig. 5 after the reinforcing plate is removed;
  • 100 the frame of the front bridge section; 110, the first longitudinal beam; 120, the second longitudinal beam; 130, the third longitudinal beam; 140, the crossbeam; 150, the reinforcing beam;
  • middle section frame 210, frame body; 211, special-shaped slot hole; 211a, first slot section; 211b, second slot section; 220, bracket; 230, special-shaped bolt;
  • 300 rear axle section frame; 310, first longitudinal bar; 320, second longitudinal bar; 330, third longitudinal bar; 340, reinforcement plate; 350, cross bar; 360, leaf spring mounting plate; 370, oblique support rod;
  • the present invention discloses a kind of frame of electric bus, comprising:
  • the front axle frame 100 includes: two first longitudinal support assemblies, one of which is respectively arranged on both sides of the vehicle frame, and the first longitudinal support assemblies include the first longitudinal support assemblies arranged side by side along the height direction.
  • a middle frame 200 which is connected to one end of the front axle frame 100;
  • the rear axle frame 300 which is connected to the end of the middle frame 200 away from the front axle frame 100, the rear axle frame 300 includes: two second longitudinal support assemblies, the frame One said second longitudinal support assembly is arranged respectively on both sides of the two sides, and said second longitudinal support assembly comprises: a first longitudinal bar 310 and a second longitudinal bar 320 overlapped along the height direction; a reinforcing plate 340, said reinforcing plate 340 At the same time, it is fixed to the first longitudinal bar 310 and the second longitudinal bar 320; the second transverse support assembly includes a plurality of parallel transverse bars 350, and the two ends of the transverse bars 350 are connected to a second longitudinal bar respectively.
  • the support components are fixed.
  • the first longitudinal beam 110 and the second longitudinal beam 120 are arranged side by side in the height direction by setting the longitudinal support assembly, so that the first longitudinal beam 110 and the second longitudinal beam 120 form a double Layer support structure, improve load-bearing capacity.
  • the horizontal support component can also separate and organize the accommodation space while playing a supporting role, thereby improving the utilization rate of space.
  • the first longitudinal beam 110 and the second longitudinal beam 120 are arranged side by side along the height direction, wherein the height direction refers to the vertical direction when the working surface is horizontal, that is, the first longitudinal beam 110 is in the second longitudinal beam 120 directly above or below.
  • the two longitudinal bars form a double-layer support structure to improve the bending resistance of the rear axle section vehicle frame 300;
  • the plate 340 is fixedly connected to the two longitudinal bars at the same time, so that the integrity of the first longitudinal bar 310 and the second longitudinal bar 320 is stronger, thereby improving the rigidity of the double-layer support structure and further improving the bending resistance of the rear axle frame 300 .
  • a third longitudinal beam 130 is provided on a side of any one of the first longitudinal beams 110 away from the other first longitudinal beam 110 , and the third longitudinal beam 130 is parallel to the first longitudinal beam 110 .
  • the third longitudinal beam 130 is arranged parallel to the first longitudinal beam 110 to further improve the load-bearing capacity of the vehicle frame.
  • first longitudinal beam 110 is above the second longitudinal beam 120; specifically, the upper surface of the first longitudinal beam 110 is flush with the upper surface of the third longitudinal beam 130 to form a larger plane, increasing The contact area between the front axle section vehicle frame 100 and the upper parts is to improve its load-bearing capacity.
  • a reinforcing beam 150 is also provided, one end of the reinforcing beam 150 is connected to the second longitudinal beam 120 , and the other end is connected to the third longitudinal beam 130 .
  • the reinforcing beam 150 is provided so that the cross-sections of the first longitudinal beam 110 , the second longitudinal beam 120 and the third longitudinal beam 130 form a triangular structure to improve the rigidity of the entire longitudinal support assembly.
  • the middle frame 200 includes: a frame body 210, on which a plurality of special-shaped slots 211 are arranged, and the special-shaped slots 211 include a first slot section 211a and a second slot section 211b, the The first slot section 211a communicates with the second slot section 211b; a plurality of brackets 220 for installing batteries, the brackets 220 are connected to the frame body 210 through special-shaped bolts 230, and the special-shaped bolts 230 The nut can enter the special-shaped slot 211 from the first slot section 211a and abut against the second slot section 211b.
  • a special-shaped slot 211 is provided on the frame body 210, and the special-shaped slot 211 is divided into a first slot section 211a and a second slot section 211b, and the nut of the special-shaped bolt 230 enters from the first slot section 211a and can slide As long as the nut of the special-shaped bolt 230 does not slide, it can always abut against the second groove segment 211b, so as to achieve fastening without loosening.
  • the width of the first slot segment 211a is greater than the width of the second slot segment 211b;
  • the width of the nut of the special-shaped bolt 230 is smaller than its length, and the length of the special-shaped bolt 230 is less than or equal to the width of the first slot segment 211a.
  • the width of the first slot section 211a is greater than that of the second slot section 211b, so that the nut of the special-shaped bolt 230 can pass through the first slot section 211a and abut against the second slot section 211b.
  • the width of the nut of the special-shaped bolt 230 is less than its length, and when sliding to the second groove section 211b, the special-shaped bolt 230 can be rotated, thereby increasing the contact area of the nut of the special-shaped bolt 230 and the second groove section 211b, so as to Enhance the connection strength of bolted joints.
  • the frame body 210 is spliced by a plurality of hollow square tubes, and the square tubes have an upper inner wall and a lower inner wall on opposite sides;
  • the nuts of the special-shaped bolts 230 are arranged in a parallelogram shape, and the length of the nuts of the special-shaped bolts 230 is greater than or equal to the distance between the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall.
  • the length of the nut of the special-shaped bolt 230 is greater than or equal to the distance between the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall, so that after the special-shaped bolt 230 is rotated, the two ends of the nut can be respectively against the upper inner wall/lower inner wall, In turn, the connection strength of the bolt connection is enhanced to avoid loosening.
  • first longitudinal bar 310 is directly above the second longitudinal bar 320;
  • a third longitudinal rod 330 is provided on a side of any one of the first longitudinal rods 310 away from the other first longitudinal rod 310 , and the third longitudinal rod 330 is parallel to the first longitudinal rod 310 .
  • the third longitudinal bar 330 is set parallel to the first longitudinal bar 310, so that the first longitudinal bar 310 and the third longitudinal bar 330 form a larger supporting surface, thereby increasing the contact area between the rear axle frame 300 and other components to improve its load-bearing performance.
  • two leaf spring mounting plates 360 are fixedly connected to the side of the second longitudinal bar 320 away from the first longitudinal bar 310, and there is a gap between the two leaf spring mounting plates 360 for accommodating the rear axle. Space.
  • the leaf spring mounting plate 360 is arranged under the second longitudinal bar 320 to bear the load together.
  • a vertical rod 310 is stressed together to further improve the load-bearing performance of the whole rear axle section vehicle frame 300 .
  • a plurality of oblique support rods 370 are also provided, one end of the oblique support rods 370 is fixedly connected to the leaf spring mounting plate 360 , and the other end of the oblique support rods 370 is fixed to the second longitudinal rod 320 catch.
  • the inclined support rod 370 is provided to increase the connection strength between the leaf spring mounting plate 360 and the second longitudinal rod 320 , thereby improving the bending resistance of the rear axle frame 300 .
  • a rear section frame 400 which is connected to the end of the rear axle section frame 300 away from the middle section frame 200 .
  • connection and “fixation” should be understood in a broad sense, for example, “fixation” can be a fixed connection, a detachable connection, or an integral body; It can be a mechanical connection or an electrical connection; it can be a direct connection or an indirect connection through an intermediary, and it can be an internal communication between two elements or an interaction relationship between two elements, unless otherwise clearly defined.
  • fixation can be a fixed connection, a detachable connection, or an integral body; It can be a mechanical connection or an electrical connection; it can be a direct connection or an indirect connection through an intermediary, and it can be an internal communication between two elements or an interaction relationship between two elements, unless otherwise clearly defined.

Abstract

一种电动客车的车架,包括:前桥段车架(100),包括:两个第一纵向支撑组件和多个第一横向支撑组件;中段车架(200),其与前桥段车架(100)的一端连接;后桥段车架(300),其与中段车架(200)远离前桥段车架(100)的一端连接,后桥段车架(300)包括:两个第二纵向支撑组件,车架的两侧分别设置一个第二纵向支撑组件和第二横向支撑组件。在前桥段车架(100)和后桥段车架(300)中均形成有双层支撑结构,提高承重能力;在中段车架(200)中,架体(210)上设置异形槽孔(211),且该异形槽孔(211)分成第一槽段(211a)和第二槽段(211b),异形螺栓(230)的螺帽从第一槽段(211a)进入,并可滑动至与第二槽段(211b)相抵,实现紧固不松动。

Description

一种电动客车的车架 技术领域
本发明涉及新能源汽车技术领域,尤其涉及一种电动客车的车架。
背景技术
新能源汽车,如电动客车等,相较于燃油车来说,增加了非常多的电池组以提供能源,导致整车的重量大大增加,严重影响电动客车的续航能力以及载重能力;同时,电池组的设置还使得车架负载增大,车架上多个连接部位强度不足。
发明内容
针对现有技术的上述不足,本发明所要解决的技术问题在于,提出一种电动客车的车架,用于解决上述问题。
本发明解决其技术问题采用的技术方案是一种电动客车的车架,包括:
前桥段车架,包括:两个第一纵向支撑组件,所述车架的两侧分别设置一个所述第一纵向支撑组件,所述第一纵向支撑组件包括沿高度方向并排设置的第一纵梁和第二纵梁;两个所述第一纵向支撑组件之间形成容纳空间;多个第一横向支撑组件,设置在两个所述第一纵向支撑组件之间,并将所述容纳空间分隔为第一安装空间和第二安装空间;所述第一横向支撑组件包括一个或多个横梁;
中段车架,其与所述前桥段车架的一端连接;
后桥段车架,其与所述中段车架远离所述前桥段车架的一端连接,所述后桥段车架包括:两个第二纵向支撑组件,所述车架的两侧分别设置一个所述第二纵向支撑组件,所述第二纵向支撑组件包括:沿高度方向重叠设置的第一纵杆和第二纵杆;加强板,所述加强板同时固接于所述第一纵杆和所述第二纵杆;第二横向支撑组件,包括多个相互平行的横杆,所述横杆的两端分别与一个第 二纵向支撑组件固接。
进一步地,任一所述第一纵梁远离另一所述第一纵梁的一侧还设置第三纵梁,所述第三纵梁与所述第一纵梁平行。
进一步地,所述第一纵梁处于所述第二纵梁的上方;
还设置有加强梁,所述加强梁的一端与所述第二纵梁连接,另一端与所述第三纵梁连接。
进一步地,所述中段车架包括:架体,所述架体上设置有多个异形槽孔,所述异形槽孔包括第一槽段和第二槽段,所述第一槽段与所述第二槽段相通;多个用于安装电池的托架,所述托架通过异形螺栓与所述架体连接,所述异形螺栓的螺帽可由第一槽段进入所述异形槽孔并与所述第二槽段相抵。
进一步地,所述第一槽段的宽度大于所述第二槽段的宽度;
所述异形螺栓的螺帽的宽度小于其长度,且所述异形螺栓的长度小于或等于所述第一槽段的宽度。
进一步地,所述架体由多个中空的方管拼接而成,所述方管具有处于相对侧的上内壁和下内壁;
所述异形螺栓的螺帽呈平行四边形设置,且所述异形螺栓的螺帽的长度大于或等于所述上内壁到所述下内壁之间的距离。
进一步地,所述第一纵杆处于所述第二纵杆的正上方;
任一所述第一纵杆远离另一所述第一纵杆的一侧设置有第三纵杆,所述第三纵杆与所述第一纵杆平行。
进一步地,所述第二纵杆远离所述第一纵杆的一侧还固接有两个板簧安装板,两个所述板簧安装板之间具有用于容纳后桥的空间。
进一步地,还设有多个斜支撑杆,所述斜支撑杆的一端与所述板簧安装板固接,所述斜支撑杆的另一端与所述第二纵杆固接。
进一步地,还包括,尾段车架,其与所述后桥段车架远离所述中段车架的一端连接。
与现有技术相比,本发明至少具有以下有益效果:
1.在前桥段车架中,通过设置纵向支撑组件中的第一纵梁和第二纵梁沿高 度方向并排布置,使得第一纵梁和第二纵梁形成双层支撑结构,提高承重能力。同时,在两个纵向支撑组件之间具有容纳空间,横向支撑组件在起到支撑作用的同时,还可对容纳空间进行分隔和规整,进而提高空间利用率。
2.在后桥段车架中,首先通过设置第一纵杆和第二纵杆,两个纵杆形成双层支撑结构,以提高后桥段车架的抗弯曲性能;而后增设加强板同时与两个纵杆固接,使得第一纵杆和第二纵杆的整体性更强,进而提高双层支撑结构的刚性,进一步提高后桥段车架的抗弯曲性能。
3.在中段车架中,在架体上设置异形槽孔,且该异形槽孔分成第一槽段和第二槽段,异形螺栓的螺帽从第一槽段进入,并可滑动至与第二槽段相抵,使得该异形螺栓的螺帽只要不发生滑动,就始终能够与第二槽段相抵,进而实现紧固不松动。
4.异形螺栓的螺帽的长度大于或等于所述上内壁到所述下内壁之间的距离,使得异形螺栓转动后,螺帽的两端能够分别与上内壁/下内壁相抵,进而增强螺栓连接处的连接强度,避免松动。
附图说明
图1为实施例中电动客车的车架的结构示意图;
图2为实施例中前桥段车架的结构示意图;
图3为实施例中中段车架的结构示意图;
图4为实施例中异形螺栓和异型槽孔的结构示意图;
图5为实施例中后桥段车架的结构示意图;
图6为图5去除加强板后的结构示意图;
图中:
100、前桥段车架;110、第一纵梁;120、第二纵梁;130、第三纵梁;140、横梁;150、加强梁;
200、中段车架;210、架体;211、异形槽孔;211a、第一槽段;211b、第二槽段;220、托架;230、异形螺栓;
300、后桥段车架;310、第一纵杆;320、第二纵杆;330、第三纵杆;340、 加强板;350、横杆;360、板簧安装板;370、斜支撑杆;
400、尾段车架。
具体实施方式
以下是本发明的具体实施例并结合附图,对本发明的技术方案作进一步的描述,但本发明并不限于这些实施例。
请参照图1-图6,本发明公开了一种电动客车的车架,包括:
前桥段车架100,包括:两个第一纵向支撑组件,所述车架的两侧分别设置一个所述第一纵向支撑组件,所述第一纵向支撑组件包括沿高度方向并排设置的第一纵梁110和第二纵梁120;两个所述第一纵向支撑组件之间形成容纳空间;多个第一横向支撑组件,设置在两个所述第一纵向支撑组件之间,并将所述容纳空间分隔为第一安装空间和第二安装空间;所述第一横向支撑组件包括一个或多个横梁140;
中段车架200,其与所述前桥段车架100的一端连接;
后桥段车架300,其与所述中段车架200远离所述前桥段车架100的一端连接,所述后桥段车架300包括:两个第二纵向支撑组件,所述车架的两侧分别设置一个所述第二纵向支撑组件,所述第二纵向支撑组件包括:沿高度方向重叠设置的第一纵杆310和第二纵杆320;加强板340,所述加强板340同时固接于所述第一纵杆310和所述第二纵杆320;第二横向支撑组件,包括多个相互平行的横杆350,所述横杆350的两端分别与一个第二纵向支撑组件固接。
具体地,在前桥段车架100中,通过设置纵向支撑组件中的第一纵梁110和第二纵梁120沿高度方向并排布置,使得第一纵梁110和第二纵梁120形成双层支撑结构,提高承重能力。同时,在两个纵向支撑组件之间具有容纳空间,横向支撑组件在起到支撑作用的同时,还可对容纳空间进行分隔和规整,进而提高空间利用率。
第一纵梁110和第二纵梁120沿高度方向并排布置,其中高度方向指的是在工作面为水平上时,高度方向为竖直方向,即第一纵梁110处于第二纵梁120的正上方或正下方。
在后桥段车架300中,首先通过设置第一纵杆310和第二纵杆320,两个纵杆形成双层支撑结构,以提高后桥段车架300的抗弯曲性能;而后增设加强板340同时与两个纵杆固接,使得第一纵杆310和第二纵杆320的整体性更强,进而提高双层支撑结构的刚性,进一步提高后桥段车架300的抗弯曲性能。
进一步地,任一所述第一纵梁110远离另一所述第一纵梁110的一侧还设置第三纵梁130,所述第三纵梁130与所述第一纵梁110平行。
设置第三纵梁130与第一纵梁110平行,进一步提高车架的承重能力。
进一步地,所述第一纵梁110处于所述第二纵梁120的上方;具体地,第一纵梁110与第三纵梁130的上表面齐平,以形成一更大的平面,增加前桥段车架100与上方部件的接触面积,以提高其承重能力。
还设置有加强梁150,所述加强梁150的一端与所述第二纵梁120连接,另一端与所述第三纵梁130连接。
设置加强梁150,以使第一纵梁110、第二纵梁120和第三纵梁130的截面形成一三角形结构,提高整个纵向支撑组件的刚性。
进一步地,所述中段车架200包括:架体210,所述架体210上设置有多个异形槽孔211,所述异形槽孔211包括第一槽段211a和第二槽段211b,所述第一槽段211a与所述第二槽段211b相通;多个用于安装电池的托架220,所述托架220通过异形螺栓230与所述架体210连接,所述异形螺栓230的螺帽可由第一槽段211a进入所述异形槽孔211并与所述第二槽段211b相抵。
具体地,在架体210上设置异形槽孔211,且该异形槽孔211分成第一槽段211a和第二槽段211b,异形螺栓230的螺帽从第一槽段211a进入,并可滑动至与第二槽段211b相抵,使得该异形螺栓230的螺帽只要不发生滑动,就始终能够与第二槽段211b相抵,进而实现紧固不松动。
进一步地,所述第一槽段211a的宽度大于所述第二槽段211b的宽度;
所述异形螺栓230的螺帽的宽度小于其长度,且所述异形螺栓230的长度小于或等于所述第一槽段211a的宽度。
具体地,第一槽段211a的宽度大于第二槽段211b的宽度,使得异形螺栓230的螺帽能够穿过第一槽段211a,并与第二槽段211b相抵。
异形螺栓230的螺帽的宽度小于其长度,在滑动至与第二槽段211b相抵时,可转动异形螺栓230,进而增大异形螺栓230的螺帽与第二槽段211b的接触面积,以增强螺栓连接处的连接强度。
进一步地,所述架体210由多个中空的方管拼接而成,所述方管具有处于相对侧的上内壁和下内壁;
所述异形螺栓230的螺帽呈平行四边形设置,且所述异形螺栓230的螺帽的长度大于或等于所述上内壁到所述下内壁之间的距离。
具体地,异形螺栓230的螺帽的长度大于或等于所述上内壁到所述下内壁之间的距离,使得异形螺栓230转动后,螺帽的两端能够分别与上内壁/下内壁相抵,进而增强螺栓连接处的连接强度,避免松动。
进一步地,所述第一纵杆310处于所述第二纵杆320的正上方;
任一所述第一纵杆310远离另一所述第一纵杆310的一侧设置有第三纵杆330,所述第三纵杆330与所述第一纵杆310平行。
设置第三纵杆330与第一纵杆310平行,以使第一纵杆310和第三纵杆330形成一更大的支撑面,进而增大后桥段车架300与其他部件的接触面积,以提高其承重性能。
进一步地,所述第二纵杆320远离所述第一纵杆310的一侧还固接有两个板簧安装板360,两个所述板簧安装板360之间具有用于容纳后桥的空间。
具体地,本实施将板簧安装板360设置在第二纵杆320的下方一起承重受力,板簧安装板360在起到安装板簧作用的同时,还可与第二纵杆320/第一纵杆310一并受力,进一步提高整个后桥段车架300的承重性能。
进一步地,还设有多个斜支撑杆370,所述斜支撑杆370的一端与所述板簧安装板360固接,所述斜支撑杆370的另一端与所述第二纵杆320固接。
设置斜支撑杆370,提高板簧安装板360与第二纵杆320之间的连接强度,进而提高后桥段车架300的抗弯曲性能。
进一步地,还包括,尾段车架400,其与所述后桥段车架300远离所述中段车架200的一端连接。
需要说明,本发明实施例中所有方向性指示(诸如上、下、左、右、前、 后……)仅用于解释在某一特定姿态(如附图所示)下各部件之间的相对位置关系、运动情况等,如果该特定姿态发生改变时,则该方向性指示也相应地随之改变。
另外,在本发明中如涉及“第一”、“第二”、“一”等的描述仅用于描述目的,而不能理解为指示或暗示其相对重要性或者隐含指明所指示的技术特征的数量。由此,限定有“第一”、“第二”的特征可以明示或者隐含地包括至少一个该特征。在本发明的描述中,“多个”的含义是至少两个,例如两个,三个等,除非另有明确具体的限定。
在本发明中,除非另有明确的规定和限定,术语“连接”、“固定”等应做广义理解,例如,“固定”可以是固定连接,也可以是可拆卸连接,或成一体;可以是机械连接,也可以是电连接;可以是直接相连,也可以通过中间媒介间接相连,可以是两个元件内部的连通或两个元件的相互作用关系,除非另有明确的限定。对于本领域的普通技术人员而言,可以根据具体情况理解上述术语在本发明中的具体含义。
另外,本发明各个实施例之间的技术方案可以相互结合,但是必须是以本领域普通技术人员能够实现为基础,当技术方案的结合出现相互矛盾或无法实现时应当认为这种技术方案的结合不存在,也不在本发明要求的保护范围之内。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种电动客车的车架,其特征在于,包括:
    前桥段车架,包括:两个第一纵向支撑组件,所述车架的两侧分别设置一个所述第一纵向支撑组件,所述第一纵向支撑组件包括沿高度方向并排设置的第一纵梁和第二纵梁;两个所述第一纵向支撑组件之间形成容纳空间;多个第一横向支撑组件,设置在两个所述第一纵向支撑组件之间,并将所述容纳空间分隔为第一安装空间和第二安装空间;所述第一横向支撑组件包括一个或多个横梁;
    中段车架,其与所述前桥段车架的一端连接;
    后桥段车架,其与所述中段车架远离所述前桥段车架的一端连接,所述后桥段车架包括:两个第二纵向支撑组件,所述车架的两侧分别设置一个所述第二纵向支撑组件,所述第二纵向支撑组件包括:沿高度方向重叠设置的第一纵杆和第二纵杆;加强板,所述加强板同时固接于所述第一纵杆和所述第二纵杆;第二横向支撑组件,包括多个相互平行的横杆,所述横杆的两端分别与一个第二纵向支撑组件固接。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种电动客车的车架,其特征在于,任一所述第一纵梁远离另一所述第一纵梁的一侧还设置第三纵梁,所述第三纵梁与所述第一纵梁平行。
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的一种电动客车的车架,其特征在于,所述第一纵梁处于所述第二纵梁的上方;
    还设置有加强梁,所述加强梁的一端与所述第二纵梁连接,另一端与所述第三纵梁连接。
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种电动客车的车架,其特征在于,所述中段车架包括:架体,所述架体上设置有多个异形槽孔,所述异形槽孔包括第一槽段和第二槽段,所述第一槽段与所述第二槽段相通;多个用于安装电池的托架,所述托架通过异形螺栓与所述架体连接,所述异形螺栓的螺帽可由第一槽段进入所述异形槽孔并与所述第二槽段相抵。
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的一种电动客车的车架,其特征在于,所述第一槽段的宽度大于所述第二槽段的宽度;
    所述异形螺栓的螺帽的宽度小于其长度,且所述异形螺栓的长度小于或等于所述第一槽段的宽度。
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的一种电动客车的车架,其特征在于,所述架体由多个中空的方管拼接而成,所述方管具有处于相对侧的上内壁和下内壁;
    所述异形螺栓的螺帽呈平行四边形设置,且所述异形螺栓的螺帽的长度大于或等于所述上内壁到所述下内壁之间的距离。
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的一种电动客车的车架,其特征在于,所述第一纵杆处于所述第二纵杆的正上方;
    任一所述第一纵杆远离另一所述第一纵杆的一侧设置有第三纵杆,所述第三纵杆与所述第一纵杆平行。
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的一种电动客车的车架,其特征在于,所述第二纵杆远离所述第一纵杆的一侧还固接有两个板簧安装板,两个所述板簧安装板之间具有用于容纳后桥的空间。
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的一种电动客车的车架,其特征在于,还设有多个斜支撑杆,所述斜支撑杆的一端与所述板簧安装板固接,所述斜支撑杆的另一端与所述第二纵杆固接。
  10. 根据权利要求1-9中任一项所述的一种电动客车的车架,其特征在于,还包括,尾段车架,其与所述后桥段车架远离所述中段车架的一端连接。
PCT/CN2022/101727 2021-08-27 2022-06-28 一种电动客车的车架 WO2023024689A1 (zh)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110994011.6A CN113696971B (zh) 2021-08-27 2021-08-27 一种电动客车的车架
CN202110994011.6 2021-08-27

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2023024689A1 true WO2023024689A1 (zh) 2023-03-02

Family

ID=78655839

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/CN2021/126133 WO2023024237A1 (zh) 2021-08-27 2021-10-25 一种电动客车的车架
PCT/CN2022/101727 WO2023024689A1 (zh) 2021-08-27 2022-06-28 一种电动客车的车架

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/CN2021/126133 WO2023024237A1 (zh) 2021-08-27 2021-10-25 一种电动客车的车架

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN113696971B (zh)
WO (2) WO2023024237A1 (zh)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113696971B (zh) * 2021-08-27 2022-07-19 浙江中车电车有限公司 一种电动客车的车架

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH10218012A (ja) * 1997-02-11 1998-08-18 Mitsubishi Motors Corp 超低床バス用フレーム構造
US20030067152A1 (en) * 2001-10-10 2003-04-10 Most Randall Lee Travel trailer chassis with extended axle support
CN202045520U (zh) * 2011-04-21 2011-11-23 上海大屯能源股份有限公司 用于t型槽快速装夹工件的装置
CN204323486U (zh) * 2014-12-03 2015-05-13 郑州宇通客车股份有限公司 轻型纯电动客车及其底盘车架
CN205113443U (zh) * 2016-01-08 2016-03-30 南京金龙客车制造有限公司 一种用于电动客车的车架
CN207843068U (zh) * 2018-01-25 2018-09-11 成都客车股份有限公司 一种电动客车的脊柱型通道式底盘车架结构
CN109334770A (zh) * 2018-10-12 2019-02-15 安徽安凯汽车股份有限公司 一种混合式轻型纯电动客车车架
CN110406596A (zh) * 2018-04-27 2019-11-05 湖南中车时代电动汽车股份有限公司 一种客车用后桥段车架
CN110949511A (zh) * 2019-12-27 2020-04-03 衡阳智电客车有限责任公司 一种新型电动摆渡车车架结构
CN113696971A (zh) * 2021-08-27 2021-11-26 浙江中车电车有限公司 一种电动客车的车架

Family Cites Families (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4024597B2 (ja) * 2002-06-11 2007-12-19 独立行政法人科学技術振興機構 電気自動車の車体構造
KR100747908B1 (ko) * 2004-02-18 2007-08-08 현대자동차주식회사 버스 하부바디의 리어후레임 연결구조
JP5698581B2 (ja) * 2011-03-28 2015-04-08 株式会社クリーンクラフト 電気自動車の車体フロア構造
CN202863555U (zh) * 2012-01-19 2013-04-10 杨水平 一种低入口及全桁架结构的高效电动客车底盘
CN204915823U (zh) * 2015-07-28 2015-12-30 比亚迪股份有限公司 电动客车及其底盘
CN206171567U (zh) * 2016-10-25 2017-05-17 汕尾比亚迪汽车有限公司 客车底架和具有其的客车
CN109383624B (zh) * 2017-08-10 2021-03-23 湖南中车时代电动汽车股份有限公司 一种客车用前悬段车架
CN110316251B (zh) * 2018-03-30 2021-04-20 比亚迪股份有限公司 前车架和客车
CN208376885U (zh) * 2018-05-18 2019-01-15 比亚迪股份有限公司 铝合金车身骨架
CN109204476A (zh) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-15 苏州安耐驰汽车科技有限公司 一种全承载桁架式底盘
CN209441446U (zh) * 2019-01-02 2019-09-27 中兴智能汽车有限公司 一种燃料电池客车大轴距底盘结构
CN210416746U (zh) * 2019-04-04 2020-04-28 北京北方华德尼奥普兰客车股份有限公司 一种电动全承载客车车架
CN210912616U (zh) * 2019-08-02 2020-07-03 泉州蓝轩科技有限公司 一种12米纯电动客车全承载车架结构
CN210660977U (zh) * 2019-09-06 2020-06-02 浙江瑞利紧固件有限公司 异形四方螺栓
CN211731562U (zh) * 2020-03-16 2020-10-23 厦门威迪思汽车设计服务有限公司 一种模块化结构的物流车车架
CN111776074A (zh) * 2020-08-17 2020-10-16 厦门金龙联合汽车工业有限公司 一种车辆的底盘骨架
CN214028851U (zh) * 2020-10-10 2021-08-24 浙江中车电车有限公司 一种尾段车架结构
CN214028852U (zh) * 2020-10-10 2021-08-24 浙江中车电车有限公司 一种后桥段的车架结构

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH10218012A (ja) * 1997-02-11 1998-08-18 Mitsubishi Motors Corp 超低床バス用フレーム構造
US20030067152A1 (en) * 2001-10-10 2003-04-10 Most Randall Lee Travel trailer chassis with extended axle support
CN202045520U (zh) * 2011-04-21 2011-11-23 上海大屯能源股份有限公司 用于t型槽快速装夹工件的装置
CN204323486U (zh) * 2014-12-03 2015-05-13 郑州宇通客车股份有限公司 轻型纯电动客车及其底盘车架
CN205113443U (zh) * 2016-01-08 2016-03-30 南京金龙客车制造有限公司 一种用于电动客车的车架
CN207843068U (zh) * 2018-01-25 2018-09-11 成都客车股份有限公司 一种电动客车的脊柱型通道式底盘车架结构
CN110406596A (zh) * 2018-04-27 2019-11-05 湖南中车时代电动汽车股份有限公司 一种客车用后桥段车架
CN109334770A (zh) * 2018-10-12 2019-02-15 安徽安凯汽车股份有限公司 一种混合式轻型纯电动客车车架
CN110949511A (zh) * 2019-12-27 2020-04-03 衡阳智电客车有限责任公司 一种新型电动摆渡车车架结构
CN113696971A (zh) * 2021-08-27 2021-11-26 浙江中车电车有限公司 一种电动客车的车架

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2023024237A1 (zh) 2023-03-02
CN113696971A (zh) 2021-11-26
CN113696971B (zh) 2022-07-19

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106143626A (zh) 电动汽车前部下方车身结构
CN106143646A (zh) 电动汽车车身下部结构
CN210391305U (zh) 一种分段式可实现快速更换动力电池的电动物流车车架结构
WO2023024689A1 (zh) 一种电动客车的车架
CN102530088A (zh) 一种电动汽车底盘
CN111717286A (zh) 一种客车多孔横向隧道铝合金腔梁结构车架
CN214930131U (zh) 一种下车身框架结构
CN106184413A (zh) 电动汽车地板框架总成
CN112208638A (zh) 一种车架及电动车辆
US11912336B2 (en) Rear subframe assembly
CN113306628A (zh) 铝合金车架组合式纵梁
CN210911987U (zh) 电池包整体式纵梁以及汽车
CN211335560U (zh) 一种侧置式动力电池支架及其电动商用车
CN219134300U (zh) 一种车架结构及车辆
CN213472688U (zh) 前悬架横向推力杆支座梁、前悬架系统和车辆
CN216750112U (zh) 动力电池的安装支架及车辆
CN220031684U (zh) 商用车侧置式动力电池框架
CN112026809A (zh) 端部侧墙结构、车体及轨道车辆
CN220701191U (zh) 一种轻量化的滑板底盘式van车整体车架
CN216102380U (zh) 一种电动客车的后桥段车架
CN215706638U (zh) 铝合金车架组合式纵梁
CN220114692U (zh) 一种载货车的轻量化车架结构
CN111348107B (zh) 一种轻量化镁合金电动车底盘
CN216102381U (zh) 一种电动客车的前桥段车架
CN211766059U (zh) 一种新型电动车

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 22860036

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1