CN109169150A - One cultivates peanut plantation substrate - Google Patents

One cultivates peanut plantation substrate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109169150A
CN109169150A CN201810854185.0A CN201810854185A CN109169150A CN 109169150 A CN109169150 A CN 109169150A CN 201810854185 A CN201810854185 A CN 201810854185A CN 109169150 A CN109169150 A CN 109169150A
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parts
peanut
particle
fermentation
wormwood
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CN201810854185.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李珍
蒙治存
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GUANXI WUXUAN JINTAIFENG AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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GUANXI WUXUAN JINTAIFENG AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810854185.0A priority Critical patent/CN109169150A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • A01G24/12Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material containing soil minerals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material

Abstract

The present invention discloses one and cultivates peanut plantation substrate comprising the raw material of following parts by weight is made: 40~60 parts of cowshed padding, 10~20 parts of river sand, 5~15 parts of yellow soil, 5~10 parts of wormwood particle, 5~8 parts of peanut vine particle, 1~2 part of EM bacterium;The wormwood particle and peanut vine particle is to be utilized respectively wormwood and peanut vine is ground into granule size and obtains less than 0.5 centimetre.Peanut plantation substrate of the present invention can improve peanut yield, reduce pest and disease damage.

Description

One cultivates peanut plantation substrate
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of peanut cultivation, specially one cultivates peanut plantation substrate.
Background technique
Peanut (Classification system:ArachishypogaeaLinn.) also known as peanut, dicotyledon, vein is netted Arteries and veins, seed have peanut fruit coating.Once cried in history peanut, beans, fallen flowers ginseng, landing pine, Cheng Shouguo, kind beans, fig, Ground fruit, Chinese's beans.Peanut is longer than nourishing help, is conducive to long life, thus it is civil also known as " peanut ", and with soya bean one Sample is known as " Vegetable meat ", " meat or fish in element ".Peanut fruit contains protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamin A, vitamin B6, dimension The nutritional ingredients such as raw element E, vitamin K and mineral calcium, phosphorus, iron, amino acid and unsaturated lipid containing 8 kinds of needed by human body Fat acid, containing substances such as lecithin, choline, Hu peanut element, crude fibres.Fat content is 44%-45%, protein content 24- 36%, sugar content is 20% or so.Vitamin B2 rich in, PP, A, D, E, calcium and iron etc..And containing thiamine, riboflavin, The multivitamins such as niacin.There is the brain cell development for promoting people, enhances the effect of memory.
The height of the nutritive value of peanut, even some animal foods of referred to as senior nutrition, as egg, milk, Meat etc., also candidly acknowledges one's inferiority before groundnut bran.The quantity of heat production of peanut is higher than meat, higher than milk by 20%, higher than egg by 40%.Other Such as protein, core egg element, calcium, phosphorus, iron etc. also all than milk, meat, egg is high.Also containing the various dimension lifes such as A, B, E, K in peanut Element and lecithin, Argine Monohydrochloride, choline and oleic acid, arachic acid, fatty acid, palmitinic acid etc..
Since peanut nutrition is abundant, and it is suitble to many people edible, the food in terms of peanut is varied, respectively has Each characteristic.Recently as the continuous increasingly raising improved with cultivation technique level of working condition, peanut yield level is not It is disconnected to improve.And problem more and more prominent is, the problem of soil suitability.The soil that optimum is cultivated peanut is that fertility is higher, micro- The sandy loam of slant acidity (pH is preferably 6.0 to 6.5).This soil permeability is good, and Peanut Root System is flourishing, and dross is more;Loose soil It is tight to be suitable for, be conducive to shell development, peanut shell is bright and clean, and fruit shape is big, and high-quality, commodity value is high.But due to many places Soil does not meet above-mentioned requirements, and keeps the yield for cultivating peanut not high, and the peanut quality of output is also bad, makes peanut cultivation industry Development is restricted.In order to guarantee the yield and quality of peanut, people are cultivated using cultivation matrix, and open source literature is also reported The cultivation matrixes of some peanuts, such as:
1, Chinese patent: a method of by the betterment of land at peanut cultivation matrix, application number: 201410376655.9, application Day 2014.07.31, applicant: and the county Xiushan Mountain beauteously agricultural science and technology Co., Ltd, address: 238200 Ma ' anshan Cities and The county town the Gong Qiao village Lu Bao, inventor Xu harbour, abstract: a method of by the betterment of land at peanut cultivation matrix, being related to peanut Technical field of cultivation is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight: 20 parts of arable soil, 1 part of organic fertilizer, Chinese medicine composition 0.5 Part, comprising the following steps: (1) organic fertilizer is made, (2) prepare Chinese medicine composition, and the soil in (3) improvement arable land is peanut cultivation base Matter, the arable soil of Tanaka just form peanut cultivation matrix after mixing with Chinese medicine composition, organic fertilizer.One kind provided by the invention By the betterment of land at the method for peanut cultivation matrix, which not only has more comprehensive nutrition, also has expelling parasite, kills The effect of worm can make the peanut of cultivation from the harm of pest, while the cultivation matrix is suitable for peanut growth, can increase single plant knot The quantity of fruit, and increase megalocarpous weight, improve product quality.
2, Chinese patent: a kind of Peanut biological matrix production method, application number 201410816961.X, the applying date 2014.12.23, applicant: ring waste straw processing Specialty Co-operative Organization is controlled in Tianjin, and address: 301800 Baodi District, Tianjin Cities are yellow Village farm kind chicken house henhouse south first row west, inventor: Zhou Xiuquan, abstract: the present invention relates to bio-matrix fields, especially It is related to a kind of Peanut biological matrix production method.It is characterised by comprising: using the raw material of following components by weight percent: Wheat Straw Stalk 30-40%, corn stover 25-35%, float stone 8%, peat 8-12% and fermenting bed padding 20-35%.The Peanut biological matrix Manufacturing method are as follows: wheat bio-matrix manufacturing method of the present invention is improved decomposed by turning over throwing fermentation, strict control fermentation condition Speed simultaneously guarantees decomposed quality;It is fermented by earthworm, is further processed matrix, so that matrix thoroughly cures and improves matrix product Matter;Using corn stover, wheat stalk, fermenting bed padding etc., source is wide, at low cost, and material quality is easily controllable;With material Wide, low in cost, the decomposed stabilization in source is thorough, environmental pollution is pollution-free, peculiar smell is small, fertility is high, application effect is good, manufacture is simple The advantages that single.
3, Chinese patent: a kind of peanut cultivation matrix of pre- insect-pest, application number: 201410376645.5, the applying date 2014.07.31, applicant: and the county Xiushan Mountain beauteously agricultural science and technology Co., Ltd, address: 238200 Ma ' anshan Cities and county The town the Gong Qiao village Lu Bao, inventor: Xu harbour, abstract: a kind of peanut cultivation matrix of pre- insect-pest is related to peanut cultivation technology neck Domain is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight: 20 parts of arable soil, 1 part of organic fertilizer, 0.5 part of Chinese medicine composition, organic fertilizer are It is that 20% agricultural residues powder, 70% animal wastes and 10% bottom of pond mud mixed fermentation form by weight ratio;Chinese traditional medicine composition Object includes: 2 parts of azedarach, 3 parts of betel nut, 3 parts of sweet wormwood, 4 parts of tobacco, 3 parts of realgar, 2 parts of the coptis, 3 parts of Chinese prickly ash, 4 parts of rhizoma zingiberis, deinsectization 4 parts of chrysanthemum, 2 parts of pimiento, 5 parts of sawdust, the above are parts by weight.A kind of peanut cultivation matrix of pre- insect-pest provided by the invention, The cultivation matrix not only has more comprehensive nutrition, also has expelling parasite, and the effect of desinsection can make the peanut of cultivation from pest Harm, while the cultivation matrix is suitable for peanut growth, can increase the quantity of per plant, and increases megalocarpous weight, improves Product quality.
4, Chinese patent: a method of improvement loam be peanut cultivation matrix, application number: 201410373793.1, Shen It please day: 2014.07.31, applicant: and the county Xiushan Mountain beauteously agricultural science and technology Co., Ltd, address: 238200 Ma ' anshan Cities With the county town the Gong Qiao village Lu Bao, inventor: make a summary in Xu harbour: a method of improvement loam is peanut cultivation matrix, is related to peanut Technical field of cultivation, specific steps are as follows: dig rotary tillage when, admix the mixture of fine sand and sawdust, fine sand and sawdust in the soil It is mixed in the ratio of l:l, applies the mixture 150-300kg of fine sand and sawdust per acre, for the first time by the fine sand and saw of half amount The mixture at end is uniformly sprinkling upon soil surface, then by Soil tillage, ploughed depth 30cm or more, and the then soil after turning over The fine sand of remaining half amount and the mixture of sawdust are spread in surface for the second time, and soil is smashed simultaneously grade with rotary cultivator later; The peanut cultivation base suitable for peanut growth is made by a rainfall and then by the soil after improvement in soil after above-mentioned improvement Matter.Cultivation matrix provided by the invention not only has more comprehensive nutrition, also has the effect of expelling parasite, desinsection, can make to cultivate Peanut from the harm of pest, while the cultivation matrix is suitable for peanut growth, can increase the quantity of per plant, and increases fruit Real weight improves product quality.
Summary of the invention
Mesh of the invention is to provide a kind of different from traditional peanut cultivation matrix, can improve peanut yield, reduce pest and disease damage Peanut plantation substrate.
To achieve the goals above, the technical scheme of the present invention is realized as follows:
One cultivates peanut plantation substrate, preparation process are as follows:
(1) take by weight 40~60 parts of cowshed padding, 10~20 parts of river sand, 5~15 parts of yellow soil, 5~10 parts of wormwood particle, 5~8 parts of peanut vine particle, 1~2 part of EM bacterium;The wormwood particle and peanut vine particle is to be utilized respectively wormwood and peanut vine Granule size is ground into obtain less than 0.5 centimetre.
(2) the old cowshed padding for replacing cowshed is uniformly mixed with river sand, yellow soil and peanut vine particle, is passed through After pasteurization 5~10 hours, sterilisation temp is 50 DEG C~60 DEG C, obtains mixture.
(3) mixture is uniformly mixed with wormwood particle and EM bacterium, suitable water is added, until water content is 25%~35%, After standing spontaneous fermentation 5 days to obtain the final product.
The cowshed padding includes that the raw material of following parts by weight is made: 35~50 parts of the wooden chaff, 25~45 parts of rice husk, sweet 10~25 parts of bagasse, 5~15 parts of sugarcane marrow, 5~15 parts of fermentation material, 3~10 parts of forage waste residue, ox urinate 3~8 parts, the dry slag of cow dung 2~ 3 parts;The forage waste residue, which is that cattle eat grass, expects remaining residue.
The fermentation material is the stomach slag and gastric juice, ox urine and ox for adding strain using culture medium, taking out from ox ruminant stomach The fermentation material that argol slag culture obtains.
The culture medium, raw material include following parts by weight: 15~20 parts of the wooden chaff, 10~15 parts of rice husk, eucalyptus branches and leaves 5~10 parts of particle, 5~15 parts of sugarcane marrow, 1~3 part of ferrous sulfate, 2~5 parts of urea;Eucalyptus branches and leaves particle is to utilize eucalyptus branches and leaves Granule size is ground into less than 0.5 centimetre.
The strain includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 2 parts of saccharomycete, 1 part of bacillus subtilis, 1 part of cellulase, 1 part of EM bacterium, 0.5 part of Rhodopseudomonas palustris, 0.5 part of candida utili, 0.1 part of lactobacillus plantarum.
The incubation of the fermentation material is to be uniformly mixed culture medium, strain, ox urine and the dry slag of cow dung, culture medium, The weight ratio of strain, ox urine and the dry slag of cow dung is 100:(1~3): 30:20, after one week of stationary culture, addition is ruminated from ox The stomach slag and gastric juice that take out in stomach are uniformly mixed, after standing 3~4 days to get;The stomach slag and gastric juice that are taken out from ox ruminant stomach with The weight ratio of culture medium is (3~4): 100.
The preparation process of the padding of the vaccary cowshed are as follows:
(1) the wooden chaff, rice husk, bagasse, sugarcane marrow, fermentation material, forage waste residue, ox urine, the dry slag of cow dung are taken by above-mentioned parts by weight, and Bagasse and forage waste residue are ground into granule size less than 1 centimetre, it is spare;
(2) after mixing by the wooden chaff, rice husk, bagasse, sugarcane marrow, fermentation material and the dry slag of cow dung, the ox urine that half amount is added is mixed It closes uniformly, is left to ferment 3~5 days, obtains fermentation material;
(3) forage waste residue is added in fermentation material to be uniformly mixed, the ox urine for adding the other half amount is uniformly mixed, standing for fermentation 3 After it, until fermentation material is dry and comfortable to obtain the final product.When the wooden chaff of appearance is hardened during cowboying, harrowed with rotary cultivator or tool loose;When padding is wet It spends greatly when there is peculiar smell, is sprinkling upon on padding with fermentation material, the padding of every quadrature adds 1~2 kilogram.
The yeast (saccharomyce) it is common eucaryote recipient cell in gene cloning experiment, cultivate ferment Female bacterium facilitates as culture Escherichia coli.The type of yeast cloning vector is also very much.Saccharomycete is this also with the presence of plasmid The plasmid of 2pm long is known as 2um plasmid, about 6300bp.This plasmid be at least present in for some time in nucleus chromosome with Outside, the shuttle that can be shuttled between bacterium and yeast cell can be built into using the plasmid in 2pm plasmid and Escherichia coli Plasmid.Yeast is some unicellular fungis, not the unit of phylogeny classification.It is a kind of invisible small unicellular micro- Sugar can be fermented into alcohol and carbon dioxide, be distributed in entire nature by biology, be a kind of typical amphimicrobe, It can survive under aerobic and oxygen free condition, be natural fermented dose a kind of.
The bacillus subtilis, Classification system:Bacillussubtilis, it is one kind of bacillus.Withered grass Bacillus has stronger protease, amylase and lipase active, can be active enzyme by internal activation of zymogen, may be used also Other enzymes of secretion-series, such as pectase, dextranase, cellulase can help to decompose non-starch polysaccharide etc. in plant feed Substance improves efficiency of feed utilization, and acid intestinal environment can stimulate the intestines peristalsis of animal, promote to digest and assimilate.
The cellulase (English:cellulase) be enzyme one kind, in decomposition of cellulose from biocatalysis make With.Being can be by cellulose decomposition at oligosaccharides or the protein of monosaccharide.Cellulase is widely present in the organism of nature. Bacterium, fungi can generate cellulase in animal body etc..The cellulase of production is generally used for from fungi, compares allusion quotation Type has trichoderma (Trichoderma), aspergillus (Aspergillus) and Penicillium (Penicillium).
EM bacterium (EffectiveMicroorganisms) it is by about 80 kinds of microorganism groups at EM bacterium is big by Japanese Ryukyu Ratio is good to be studied successfully professor's nineteen eighty-two according to husband, is put goods on the market the eighties.EM bacterium is with photosynthetic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, yeast 10 based on bacterium and actinomyces belong to a kind of micro- life bacteria preparation that more than 80 microorganisms are combined.The mechanism of action is to form EM The competition of bacterium and pathogenic microorganism contention nutrition, since em bacterium easily lives and reproduces in the soil, so can it is very fast and steadily Occupy the ecologic niche in soil, form the advantage group of beneficial microbial bacteria, thus control pathogenic microorganism breeding and Invasion to crop.It is the developing direction of the ecological agriculture, is more advantageous to the sustainable development of agricultural.The beginning of the nineties at the end of the eighties, EM bacterium by the states such as Japan, Thailand, Brazil, the U.S., Indonesia, Sri Lanka be widely used in agricultural, cultivation, plantation, The fields such as environmental protection achieve apparent economic benefit and ecological benefits.
Rhodopseudomonas palustris (Rhodopseudanonaspalustris) belong to photosynthetic bacteria (english abbreviation PSB) One kind is one of microorganism most ancient on the earth.PSB thallus is full of nutrition, and protein content is up to 65%, and marsh is red false single Born of the same parents Pseudomonas is one of microorganism most ancient on the earth in one kind of photosynthetic bacteria (english abbreviation PSB).PSB thallus nutrition is rich Richness, protein content is up to 65%, and is rich in various bioactivators, and adaptable strong, is resistant to the organic of high concentration Waste water and stronger decomposition and inversion ability also have the features such as certain tolerance and capacity of decomposition to poisonous substances such as phenol, cyanogen.
Candida utili is called Torula utilis Henneb or edible torula, Latin are entitledCandidautilis, Candida utilis The cell of yeast is rounded, oval or sausage shape, and size is (3.5~4.5) um × (7~13) um;Liquid Culture does not produce mould, Tube bottom has bacterial sediment.Candida utili can produce the edible protein of people and animals, energy using molasses, wood hydrolysis liquid etc. Animal intestinal micro-ecology balance is adjusted, feed digestibility is improved, enhances animal body immunity.Candida utili can use Cellulose raw material produces nutrition and increases rich fermented feed, and just contains a large amount of cellulose in bagasse.Further, since it is false to produce protein Silk yeast cells is rich in vitamin B and protein, moreover it is possible to part nutriment needed for providing animal.As feed enzyme additive Can produce a variety of enzymes after yeast cell wall cracking, yeast cells living can also a variety of enzymes of exocytosis, such as amylase, albumen Enzyme, cellulase etc..Thus, yeast can reinforce the digestibility and utilization to nutriment, promote growth of animals or poultry, promote its appetite, increase The ability with resisting stress is resisted the disease by force.
Lactobacillus plantarum is one kind of lactic acid bacteria, and optimum growth temperature is 30-35 DEG C, and anaerobism or amphimicrobian, strain are Straight or curved is rod-shaped, individually, sometimes in pairs or at chain, optimal pH 6.5 or so belongs to homofermentative lactic bacteria.This bacterium and its He is that the viable count of this bacterium is relatively high at the difference of lactic acid bacteria, can largely produce acid, increases the pH value stabilization in water not, and The acidic materials of its output can degrade heavy metal;It, can output in reproductive process since this bacterium is anaerobic bacteria (facultative aerobic) Distinctive lactobacillin, lactobacillin are a kind of preservatives of bion.
Eucalyptus branches and leaves are the branch and leaf of eucalyptus, eucalyptus (EucalyptusrobustaSmith) it is also known as You Jiali tree, It is the general designation of Myrtaceae eucalyptus plant.Evergreen high megaphanerophyte, about more than 600 plant.Aithullium has periodically withered in 1 year The phenomenon that leaf falls off, big multi items are high megaphanerophytes, and minority is dungarunga, in frutescent seldom.Shape of tree-crown have steeple shape, Racemosus shape and weeping branch shape etc..Dan Ye, full edge, keratin are had one layer of thin wax sometimes.Leaf can be divided into juvenile leaf, intermediate leaf and Climax leaves three classes, the leaf of most kinds is to life, smaller, heart-shaped or wealthy lanceolar.Source area is mainly in Australia continent, 19 generation Discipline is introduced a fine variety to all over the world, by 2012, has 96 countries to have cultivation.There are the various values such as medicinal, economic.
Wormwood (Classification system Artemisiaargyi), alias wormwood, ice platform, Ai Gao, moxibustion grass, firewood Chinese mugwort, fragrant Chinese mugwort etc., belongs to chrysanthemum Section artemisia, is herbaceos perennial, and plant has enhanced aroma.Mugwort bitter and it is pungent, it is nontoxic, wash smoked take and all may be used.Energy middle benefit gas, By cold, dehumidifying, disease is planted by Zhiduo County.Compendium of Material Medica carries: Chinese mugwort " toast all kinds of diseases and ailments.It can decoct, antiemetic blood diarrhea, lower part is hidden sore, married woman Leak blood, Li Yin gas;Myogenic meat, wards off chill, has made one son.Make to decoct not enable and see wind, smashes juice stock, only blood trouble, kill roundworm, boiling and ball It dissipates and appoints.Blood is only collapsed, perianal abscess blood opens up metal-inflicted wound, only abdominal pain, miscarriage prevention.Bitters is decocted, and it is very good to control tinea ... ... ".Modern pharmacology discovery, Wormwood volatile oil content is more, in oil predominantly 1.8-Cineoles (accounting for 50% or more), camphene, camphor, carvone, trans- reed Alcohol, α-terpinol, α-absinthol, sesquiterpene alcohols and its ester, aerial part are existing containing a series of sesquiterpenoids derivative It is proved for experimental study, wormwood has anti-mattress and antivirus action;It relievings asthma, antibechic and phlegm-dispelling functions;Hemostasis and blood coagulation resisting function; Calm and anti-allergic effects;Protect liver choleretic effect etc..
Utstanding substantial characteristics and significant improvement of the present invention are:
The application peanut plantation substrate is using special cowshed padding and river sand, yellow soil, wormwood particle, peanut vine particle It is mixed to get with EM bacterium, peanut growth is fast, and peanut pellets plumpness is up to 95% or more, and per mu yield peanut is up to 405 kilograms, pest and disease damage Few, pest and disease damage is lower than 3%.
Specific embodiment
For the more detailed introduction present invention, below with reference to embodiment, the present invention is described further.
Embodiment 1
Raw plantation substrate of raising flowers can be obtained using following steps:
(1) 40 parts of cowshed padding, 10 parts of river sand, 5 parts of yellow soil, 5 parts of wormwood particle, 5 parts of peanut vine particle, EM are taken by weight 1 part of bacterium;The wormwood particle and peanut vine particle is to be utilized respectively wormwood and peanut vine is ground into granule size less than 0.5 li Rice obtains.
(2) the old cowshed padding for replacing cowshed is uniformly mixed with river sand, yellow soil and peanut vine particle, is passed through After pasteurization 5~10 hours, sterilisation temp is 50 DEG C~60 DEG C, obtains mixture.
(3) mixture is uniformly mixed with wormwood particle and EM bacterium, suitable water is added, until water content is 25%~35%, After standing spontaneous fermentation 5 days to obtain the final product.
The preparation process of the cowshed padding are as follows:
(1) take 35 parts of the wooden chaff, 25 parts of rice husk, 10 parts of bagasse, 5 parts of sugarcane marrow, 5 parts of fermentation material, forage useless by above-mentioned parts by weight 3 parts of slag, ox urinate 3 parts, 2 parts of the dry slag of cow dung;The forage waste residue, which is that cattle eat grass, expects remaining residue.And by bagasse and forage Waste residue is ground into granule size less than 1 centimetre, spare.
(2) after mixing by the wooden chaff, rice husk, bagasse, sugarcane marrow, fermentation material and the dry slag of cow dung, the ox of half amount is added Urine is uniformly mixed, and is left to ferment 3~5 days, is obtained fermentation material.
(3) forage waste residue is added in fermentation material to be uniformly mixed, the ox urine for adding the other half amount is uniformly mixed, and stands hair After ferment 3 days, until fermentation material is dry and comfortable to obtain the final product.When the wooden chaff of appearance is hardened during cowboying, harrowed with rotary cultivator or tool loose;Work as padding Humidity is excessive when there is peculiar smell, is sprinkling upon on padding with fermentation material, the padding of every quadrature adds 1~2 kilogram.
The fermentation material is the stomach slag and gastric juice, ox urine and ox for adding strain using culture medium, taking out from ox ruminant stomach The fermentation material that argol slag culture obtains.The culture medium, raw material include following parts by weight: 15 parts of the wooden chaff, 10 parts of rice husk, eucalyptus 5 parts of tree branches and leaves particle, 5 parts of sugarcane marrow, 1 part of ferrous sulfate, 2 parts of urea;Eucalyptus branches and leaves particle is to crush granulating using eucalyptus branches and leaves Size is spent less than 0.5 centimetre.The strain includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 2 parts of saccharomycete, 1 part of bacillus subtilis, fibre Tie up plain 1 part of enzyme, 1 part of EM bacterium, 0.5 part of Rhodopseudomonas palustris, 0.5 part of candida utili, 0.1 part of lactobacillus plantarum.It is described Fermentation material incubation be by culture medium, strain, ox urine and the dry slag of cow dung be uniformly mixed, culture medium, strain, ox urine and ox The weight ratio of argol slag is 100:(1~3): after one week of stationary culture, the stomach taken out from ox ruminant stomach is added in 30:20 Slag and gastric juice are uniformly mixed, after standing 3~4 days to get;The weight of the stomach slag and gastric juice and culture medium that are taken out from ox ruminant stomach Than for (3~4): 100.
Embodiment 2
Raw plantation substrate of raising flowers can be obtained using following steps:
(1) take by weight 50 parts of cowshed padding, 15 parts of river sand, 10 parts of yellow soil, 8 parts of wormwood particle, 6 parts of peanut vine particle, 1.5 parts of EM bacterium;The wormwood particle and peanut vine particle is to be utilized respectively wormwood and peanut vine is ground into granule size and is less than 0.5 centimetre obtains.
(2) the old cowshed padding for replacing cowshed is uniformly mixed with river sand, yellow soil and peanut vine particle, is passed through After pasteurization 5~10 hours, sterilisation temp is 50 DEG C~60 DEG C, obtains mixture.
(3) mixture is uniformly mixed with wormwood particle and EM bacterium, suitable water is added, until water content is 25%~35%, After standing spontaneous fermentation 5 days to obtain the final product.
The preparation process of the cowshed padding are as follows:
(1) 40 parts of the wooden chaff, 35 parts of rice husk, 20 parts of bagasse, 10 parts of sugarcane marrow, 10 parts of fermentation material, forage are taken by above-mentioned parts by weight 7 parts of waste residue, ox urinate 6 parts, 2.5 parts of the dry slag of cow dung;The forage waste residue, which is that cattle eat grass, expects remaining residue.And by bagasse and Forage waste residue is ground into granule size less than 1 centimetre, spare.
(2) after mixing by the wooden chaff, rice husk, bagasse, sugarcane marrow, fermentation material and the dry slag of cow dung, the ox of half amount is added Urine is uniformly mixed, and is left to ferment 3~5 days, is obtained fermentation material.
(3) forage waste residue is added in fermentation material to be uniformly mixed, the ox urine for adding the other half amount is uniformly mixed, and stands hair After ferment 3 days, until fermentation material is dry and comfortable to obtain the final product.When the wooden chaff of appearance is hardened during cowboying, harrowed with rotary cultivator or tool loose;Work as padding Humidity is excessive when there is peculiar smell, is sprinkling upon on padding with fermentation material, the padding of every quadrature adds 1~2 kilogram.
The fermentation material is the stomach slag and gastric juice, ox urine and ox for adding strain using culture medium, taking out from ox ruminant stomach The fermentation material that argol slag culture obtains.The culture medium, raw material include following parts by weight: 18 parts of the wooden chaff, 12 parts of rice husk, eucalyptus 7 parts of tree branches and leaves particle, 10 parts of sugarcane marrow, 2 parts of ferrous sulfate, 3 parts of urea;Eucalyptus branches and leaves particle is to crush granulating using eucalyptus branches and leaves Size is spent less than 0.5 centimetre.The strain includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 2 parts of saccharomycete, 1 part of bacillus subtilis, fibre Tie up plain 1 part of enzyme, 1 part of EM bacterium, 0.5 part of Rhodopseudomonas palustris, 0.5 part of candida utili, 0.1 part of lactobacillus plantarum.It is described Fermentation material incubation be by culture medium, strain, ox urine and the dry slag of cow dung be uniformly mixed, culture medium, strain, ox urine and ox The weight ratio of argol slag is 100:(1~3): after one week of stationary culture, the stomach taken out from ox ruminant stomach is added in 30:20 Slag and gastric juice are uniformly mixed, after standing 3~4 days to get;The weight of the stomach slag and gastric juice and culture medium that are taken out from ox ruminant stomach Than for (3~4): 100.
Embodiment 3
Raw plantation substrate of raising flowers can be obtained using following steps:
(1) take by weight 60 parts of cowshed padding, 20 parts of river sand, 15 parts of yellow soil, 10 parts of wormwood particle, 8 parts of peanut vine particle, 2 parts of EM bacterium;The wormwood particle and peanut vine particle is to be utilized respectively wormwood and peanut vine is ground into granule size less than 0.5 It centimetre obtains.
(2) the old cowshed padding for replacing cowshed is uniformly mixed with river sand, yellow soil and peanut vine particle, is passed through After pasteurization 5~10 hours, sterilisation temp is 50 DEG C~60 DEG C, obtains mixture.
(3) mixture is uniformly mixed with wormwood particle and EM bacterium, suitable water is added, until water content is 25%~35%, After standing spontaneous fermentation 5 days to obtain the final product.
The preparation process of the cowshed padding are as follows:
(1) 50 parts of the wooden chaff, 45 parts of rice husk, 25 parts of bagasse, 15 parts of sugarcane marrow, 15 parts of fermentation material, forage are taken by above-mentioned parts by weight 10 parts of waste residue, ox urinate 8 parts, 3 parts of the dry slag of cow dung;The forage waste residue, which is that cattle eat grass, expects remaining residue.And by bagasse and Forage waste residue is ground into granule size less than 1 centimetre, spare.
(2) after mixing by the wooden chaff, rice husk, bagasse, sugarcane marrow, fermentation material and the dry slag of cow dung, the ox of half amount is added Urine is uniformly mixed, and is left to ferment 3~5 days, is obtained fermentation material.
(3) forage waste residue is added in fermentation material to be uniformly mixed, the ox urine for adding the other half amount is uniformly mixed, and stands hair After ferment 3 days, until fermentation material is dry and comfortable to obtain the final product.When the wooden chaff of appearance is hardened during cowboying, harrowed with rotary cultivator or tool loose;Work as padding Humidity is excessive when there is peculiar smell, is sprinkling upon on padding with fermentation material, the padding of every quadrature adds 1~2 kilogram.
The fermentation material is the stomach slag and gastric juice, ox urine and ox for adding strain using culture medium, taking out from ox ruminant stomach The fermentation material that argol slag culture obtains.The culture medium, raw material include following parts by weight: 20 parts of the wooden chaff, 15 parts of rice husk, eucalyptus 10 parts of tree branches and leaves particle, 15 parts of sugarcane marrow, 3 parts of ferrous sulfate, 5 parts of urea;Eucalyptus branches and leaves particle is ground into using eucalyptus branches and leaves Granule size is less than 0.5 centimetre.The strain includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 2 parts of saccharomycete, 1 part of bacillus subtilis, 1 part of cellulase, 1 part of EM bacterium, 0.5 part of Rhodopseudomonas palustris, 0.5 part of candida utili, 0.1 part of lactobacillus plantarum.Institute The incubation for the fermentation material stated be by culture medium, strain, ox urine and the dry slag of cow dung be uniformly mixed, culture medium, strain, ox urine and The weight ratio of the dry slag of cow dung is 100:(1~3): 30:20, after one week of stationary culture, what addition was taken out from ox ruminant stomach Stomach slag and gastric juice are uniformly mixed, after standing 3~4 days to get;The weight of the stomach slag and gastric juice and culture medium that are taken out from ox ruminant stomach Amount is than being (3~4): 100.
Application Example
1, Guangxi Wuxuan beef cattle breeding field, the cowshed padding and river sand, yellow soil, wormwood particle, peanut vine that replacement is obtained Particle and EM bacterium are mixed to get peanut cultivation matrix, i.e. cultivation matrix in the embodiment of the present invention, plant peanut experimental field interior (in spend No. two), calculates according to incompletely statistics, and peanut pellets plumpness is up to 95% or more, and per mu yield peanut is up to 405 kilograms, disease pest Evil is lower than 3%.

Claims (6)

1. plantation substrate of cultivating peanut, it is characterised in that: the raw material including following parts by weight is made: cowshed padding 40~ 60 parts, 10~20 parts of river sand, 5~15 parts of yellow soil, 5~10 parts of wormwood particle, 5~8 parts of peanut vine particle, 1~2 part of EM bacterium; The wormwood particle and peanut vine particle is to be utilized respectively wormwood and peanut vine is ground into granule size less than 0.5 centimetre It arrives.
2. peanut plantation substrate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the preparation of peanut plantation substrate Journey are as follows:
(1) take by weight 40~60 parts of cowshed padding, 10~20 parts of river sand, 5~15 parts of yellow soil, 5~10 parts of wormwood particle, 5~8 parts of peanut vine particle, 1~2 part of EM bacterium;
(2) the old cowshed padding for replacing cowshed is uniformly mixed with river sand, yellow soil and peanut vine particle, by Pasteur After disinfection 5~10 hours, sterilisation temp is 50 DEG C~60 DEG C, obtains mixture;
(3) mixture is uniformly mixed with wormwood particle and EM bacterium, suitable water is added, until water content is 25%~35%, stood After spontaneous fermentation 5 days to obtain the final product.
3. peanut plantation substrate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cowshed padding includes following heavy The raw material of amount number is made: 35~50 parts of the wooden chaff, 25~45 parts of rice husk, 10~25 parts of bagasse, 5~15 parts of sugarcane marrow, fermentation material 5 ~15 parts, 3~10 parts of forage waste residue, ox urine 3~8 parts, 2~3 parts of the dry slag of cow dung;The forage waste residue, which is that cattle eat grass, expects to be left Residue.
4. peanut plantation substrate according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the fermentation material is to utilize culture medium The stomach slag and gastric juice, the fermentation material that ox urinates and the dry slag culture of cow dung obtains for adding strain, being taken out from ox ruminant stomach.
5. peanut plantation substrate according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the culture medium, raw material include Following parts by weight: 15~20 parts of the wooden chaff, 10~15 parts of rice husk, 5~10 parts of eucalyptus branches and leaves particle, 5~15 parts of sugarcane marrow, ferrous sulfate 1~3 part, 2~5 parts of urea;Eucalyptus branches and leaves particle is that granule size is ground into using eucalyptus branches and leaves less than 0.5 centimetre.
6. peanut plantation substrate according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the strain includes following parts by weight Raw material: 2 parts of saccharomycete, 1 part of bacillus subtilis, 1 part of cellulase, 1 part of EM bacterium, 0.5 part of Rhodopseudomonas palustris, produce protein 0.5 part of Candida, 0.1 part of lactobacillus plantarum.
CN201810854185.0A 2018-07-30 2018-07-30 One cultivates peanut plantation substrate Pending CN109169150A (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104151070A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-11-19 和县秀山美地农业科技有限公司 Peanut culture substrate for preventing pest damage
CN104447068A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-03-25 天津市治环废弃秸秆加工专业合作社 Preparation method of biological matrix for peanut
CN106386163A (en) * 2016-08-15 2017-02-15 韦中定 Method for cultivating edible fungi by using crop straw
CN107652093A (en) * 2017-11-19 2018-02-02 广西仁泰生物科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of masson pine seedling medium
CN107646616A (en) * 2017-11-19 2018-02-02 广西仁泰生物科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of floriculture substrate
CN107903112A (en) * 2017-11-19 2018-04-13 广西仁泰生物科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of eucalyptus seedling culture substrate
CN107912267A (en) * 2017-11-19 2018-04-17 广西仁泰生物科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of Chinese fir seedling medium
CN108124726A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-06-08 大新县科学技术情报研究所 A kind of mulberry tree special seedling substrate and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104151070A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-11-19 和县秀山美地农业科技有限公司 Peanut culture substrate for preventing pest damage
CN104447068A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-03-25 天津市治环废弃秸秆加工专业合作社 Preparation method of biological matrix for peanut
CN106386163A (en) * 2016-08-15 2017-02-15 韦中定 Method for cultivating edible fungi by using crop straw
CN107652093A (en) * 2017-11-19 2018-02-02 广西仁泰生物科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of masson pine seedling medium
CN107646616A (en) * 2017-11-19 2018-02-02 广西仁泰生物科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of floriculture substrate
CN107903112A (en) * 2017-11-19 2018-04-13 广西仁泰生物科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of eucalyptus seedling culture substrate
CN107912267A (en) * 2017-11-19 2018-04-17 广西仁泰生物科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of Chinese fir seedling medium
CN108124726A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-06-08 大新县科学技术情报研究所 A kind of mulberry tree special seedling substrate and preparation method thereof

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