CN107652093A - A kind of preparation method of masson pine seedling medium - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of masson pine seedling medium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107652093A
CN107652093A CN201711152438.1A CN201711152438A CN107652093A CN 107652093 A CN107652093 A CN 107652093A CN 201711152438 A CN201711152438 A CN 201711152438A CN 107652093 A CN107652093 A CN 107652093A
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parts
particle
wood chip
masson pine
seedling medium
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杨伟
韦荣洁
王远能
吴峰
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Guangxi Rentaiiron Biological Technology Co Ltd
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Guangxi Rentaiiron Biological Technology Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
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Abstract

A kind of preparation method of pine seedling growing matrix, preparation process are:(1)Useless 50 60 parts of snake room bedding and padding are taken by weight;25 40 parts of Chinese mesona herb slag;10 25 parts of manioc waste;10 20 parts of straw particle;5 10 parts of ramulus mori particle;38 parts of corn ear slag particle;35 parts of bagasse particle;(2)Raw material is well mixed and obtains premix;(3)Mixed Microbes are added into premix;(4)It is put into tunnel fermentation kiln and ferments after premix and Mixed Microbes are well mixed;(5)Premix pasteurization after fermentation is obtained into planting material;(6)Planting material after pasteurization, which is placed in edible fungus culturing canopy, is cooled to less than 25 DEG C, is implanted into edible fungus species, carries out edible fungus culturing;(7)After edible mushroom has been cultivated, horse hair Folium et Ramulus Pini particle is added, it is more than week to place one, then carry out turning, you can as masson pine seedling medium.The masson pine survival rate that this seedling medium is cultivated is high, and side fibrous root is flourishing.

Description

A kind of preparation method of masson pine seedling medium
Technical field
The invention belongs to pine tree planting technology field, specifically a kind of preparation method of masson pine seedling medium.
Background technology
Masson pine (Classification system:Pinus massoniana Lamb.) arbor, trunk is more straight;Crust dark reddish brown is micro- Ash, lobe, rectangle are peeled off;The purplish red light yellow complexion of endothelium.Heart sapwood is slightly obvious.Sapwood fawn, it is very wide, often there is rascal;The heart The deep yellow brown of material is micro- red.Annual ring is extremely obvious, extremely wide.Wood is penetrated shallow thin.Resin canal is big and more, and there is obvious grease circle in cross section.Material Hardness is medium, and texture is straight or tiltedly irregular, to thick in structure.Warped and fractured when drying more serious.Masson pine distributed pole is wide, north from Henan and Southern Shandong Province, to Guangdong and Guangxi Provinces, Hunan (Cili County), Taiwan, east west to central Sichuan and Guizhou, is dispersed throughout Central China China from coastal in south Southern various regions.
Masson pine is the most important fast-growing and high-yield timber forest seeds of south China, is south China instant forest area, living vertical Very big contribution has been made in wooden accumulation and timber yield.According to statistics, 16. 9% horse hair is derived from south China forest reserves Pine.In addition, masson pine whole body is all precious, there is high comprehensive utilization value, wherein it is exactly rosin that highest is worth in addition to timber. Masson pine was studied since the eighties in last century, by the development of decades, the substantial amounts of choiceness of seed selection, and by building Vertical masson pine Primary seed orchard, produces a large amount of masson pine breedings, has done a large amount of contributions for Masson Pine Plantation improved variety, also always A set of technology of Establishing Pinus massoniana Seed Orchard is tied.It has been investigated that the robustness and the surrival rate of afforestation of Pinus massoniana Seedlings Height has direct relation.How low cost, high-survival rate, to cultivate masson pine stalwartness nursery stock in short time be current masson pine Plant major issue urgently to be resolved hurrily.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of preparation method of masson pine seedling medium, the useless snake room discharged using foster She Chang Bedding and padding and the leftover bits and pieces of bean jelly processing factory are that primary raw material prepares masson pine seedling medium, belong to turning waste into wealth for waste material recycling Project, it is green;The matrix being prepared first plants edible mushroom, and masson pine seedling medium is re-used as after planting edible mushroom, makes Standby cost is low, realizes the Multi-class propagation of waste resource, and masson pine survival rate of seedling is high, and side fibrous root is flourishing, the masson pine cultivated Nursery stock is healthy and strong, improves the surrival rate of afforestation.
The present invention is realized using following technical scheme:
A kind of preparation method of masson pine seedling medium, preparation process are:
(1)Useless snake room bedding and padding 50-60 parts are taken by weight;Chinese mesona herb slag 25-40 parts;Manioc waste 10-25 parts;Straw particle 10- 20 parts;Ramulus mori particle 5-10 parts;Corn ear slag particle 3-8 parts;Bagasse particle 3-5 parts;
(2)Useless snake room bedding and padding, Chinese mesona herb slag, manioc waste, straw particle, ramulus mori particle, corn ear slag particle and bagasse is broken Grain is well mixed to obtain premix;
(3)Add Mixed Microbes into premix, the weight ratio of premix and Mixed Microbes is 100:(0.5-2);Mixed Microbes are by withered grass Bacillus, Trichoderma viride and EM bacterium solutions composition, the weight ratio of bacillus subtilis, Trichoderma viride and EM bacterium solutions is 1:1:1;
(4)It is put into tunnel fermentation kiln and ferments after premix and Mixed Microbes are well mixed, fermentation temperature is controlled at 25 DEG C -28 DEG C, aerobic fermentation 25-35 days;
(5)By the premix after fermentation after pasteurization 8-12 hours, planting material is obtained;Sterilisation temp is 58 DEG C -62 DEG C;
(6)Planting material after pasteurization, which is placed in edible fungus culturing canopy, is cooled to less than 25 DEG C, is implanted into edible fungi Kind, implantation edible fungus species need to be in planting material upper table cover 4-5cm moistening soil after 15 days;Moistening soil be using pond sludge, After yellow soil and soddy soil smash mixing, clear water is added to being sufficiently humidified so as to produce, the weight ratio of pond sludge, yellow soil and soddy soil For:3:2:(0.1-0.5), carry out edible fungus culturing;
(7)After edible mushroom has been cultivated, horse hair Folium et Ramulus Pini particle is added, is turned uniformly, it is more than week to place one, then turned over Heap, you can as masson pine seedling medium.
Horse hair Folium et Ramulus Pini particle is that the branch that is dropped using masson pine and pine needle are crushed to the 0.5 following size in the inside and obtained Particle;Wherein pine needle accounts for the 30-50% of particle gross weight;Horse hair Folium et Ramulus Pini particle accounts for the 10-15% of seedling medium gross weight.
Chinese mesona herb (scientific name:Mesona chinensis BenthIt is) labiate, the lower portion of the stem is thrown oneself on the ground, and top is upright, Leaf is avette or ovate Long Circle, and tip is slightly blunt, and base portion, which tapers, shortens handle into, and there is small sawtooth at edge, and two sides, which has to dredge, becomes mildewed;It is born in The leaf on inflorescence top is smaller, avette to del in bracteal, relatively spends short, the normal band lavender of base portion, as a result when come off.Always Locusta is weak, spends small, and verticillate, calyx is small, mitriform, and 2 lips, upper lip 3 splits, lower lip full edge, as a result when or tubular, under it is curved, have vertical Arteries and veins and horizontal wrinkle;Corolla pale red, upper lip is wealthy, full edge or fissure, lower lip oblong, depression;Stamen 4, filigree protrude;Gynoecium 1, style 2 splits;Floral disc is while expand.Pyrene ellipse.Autumn Mo at florescence.It is distributed in TaiWan, China, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Guangdong, West Guangxi.Chinese mesona herb is a kind of important medical and edible dual purpose plant resource.Chinese mesona herb herb contains polysaccharide, relieves summer heat, be heat-clearing, cool Blood, function of detoxification.Its stem among the people of commonly using adds water to cook, then adds dilute starch that jelly (being commonly called as " bean jelly ") is made and eat, and is to relieve summer heat to quench one's thirst Splendid food.The Chinese mesona herb slag that the present invention uses is that bean jelly processing factory processes bean jelly, that is, mistake after adding water to cook using Chinese mesona herb Filter obtained Chinese mesona herb slag.It is that 50-70% could be used that need to be dehydrated when the application is using Chinese mesona herb slag to water content.
Manioc waste, it is the waste material of tapioca processing factory, is almost typically deposited in pond without what use, factory In, peasants are transported back the part material as fermentation fertilizer, and smelly pollution environment can only be allowed to by not using a lot, but its Also containing part sugar, starch and vitamin and abundant organic matter, vitamin, starch and abundant organic matter therein It is a kind of comprehensive utilization well as the planting material of edible mushroom.The manioc waste that the present invention uses need to pass through drying, and water content is low In 20%.
Straw particle is to be ground into length using straw to be less than 1 centimetre of particle, and straw is the stem of rice, alias:The rice stalks of rice, wheat, etc., Rice ligusticumic, rice straw, straw, Latin literary fame:Caulis Et Folium Oryzae,Refer to the rice straw after threshing, can be used for working as bavin Burn, thing can be tied up by weaving into rope form, or be made into " straw bag " as weaving cotton cloth one by one with machine, for being used to plant warming. Straw, which is commonly used in, feeds ox, makes the bed, lid thatched cottage, insulation vernalization, the lye of alkalescence can be hung after ashing to wash and starch clothing or system Lye group etc..In today of development in science and technology, the plantation of rice is substantially entire mechanization, the cultivation area of China north and south rice, After rice harvesting, straw, which is substantially, abandons ability field, waits and dries rear burn and recycle in field.Burning straw is not only to waste material, Above all cause the pollution of environment:Black, white, the smog of grey fly away, diffused everywhere, severely impact the strong of people Health and scenery it is clear.Form huge contrast is:This side paddy growing area is dark in the confused world that burning straw is done, the herding in a distant place Industry area straw is the delicious food of livestock, very rare, or even high price is also difficult to buy.
Ramulus mori particle is to be ground into particle of the diameter less than 0.5 centimetre using ramulus mori;Ramulus mori, Classification system:Morus alba L, be the branches and leaves of mulberry tree, ramulus mori, mulberry shoot, RAMULUS MORI, general name.Machaka or dungarunga, high 3-15m.Bark is greyish white Color, there is strip is shallow to split;Root skin yellowish-brown or reddish yellow, fibroid are strong.Single leaf alternate;The long l-2.5cm of petiole;Blade is avette or wide Avette, long 5-20cm, wide 4-10cm, tip is sharp sharp or tapering, and basal circular or near heart-shaped, there are rough sawn tooth or knuckle-tooth in edge, had When have irregular division, above it is hairless, it is glossy, below have undercoat on arteries and veins, hairiness between armpit, base goes out 3, arteries and veins and interweaved with thready pulse Reticulate, the back side is more apparent;Stipule lanceolar, it is caducous.
Corn ear slag particle is to be broken into particle of the granular size less than 1 the inside with corn ear ground-slag;Corn ear slag refers to Corn ear remaining slag after threshing.
Bagasse particle bagasse powder is broken into the particle that length is less than less than 2 centimetres;Bagasse is the by-product of cane sugar factory Thing, all it is a large amount of wastes that resource is caused as fuel or paper making raw material all the time.The present invention uses bagasse as raw material Culture medium of edible fungus is prepared, belongs to the project that turns waste into wealth of leftover bits and pieces recycling, does not discharge waste residue externally, it is green;Sugarcane Contain substantial amounts of cellulose, the bagasse after everfermentation in slag, crude fibre can degrade, and crude protein can improve, its nutrition Value is improved, and forms albumen and nutrient of the edible mushroom bacterium germination needed for growth.
Edible mushroom refers to the common edible mushroom such as White mushroom, flat mushroom, coprinus comatus, asparagus and mushroom.
Multiple rows of blow vent is provided with described tunnel fermentation kiln ground, blow vent can be passed through compressed air, regularly to pre- Batch mixing carries out logical oxygen.The ground of tunnel fermentation kiln is hardening of cement ground, lays breather pipe before hardened ground, is left during hardening Blow vent, breather pipe can discharge compressed gas from blow vent.The left side, the right side and the inside of tunnel fermentation kiln are partition wall, top surface It is provided with the sunshade that keeps off the rain.The present invention by premix and Mixed Microbes it is well mixed after, it is fermented outside heap inside kiln from tunnel Put on the ground, cover on blow vent, the compressed gas in breather pipe is discharged from blow vent, and oxygen and guarantor are provided for premix Hold the temperature of premix fermentation.
Described useless cnidium monnieri bedding and padding are that wood chip is laid on snake room ground, and the thickness of wood chip is more than 10cm, in wood chip uniformly It is mixed with zymophyte and corn flour, the weight ratio of zymophyte and corn flour is 1:(15-20);Keeper is giving snake feeding, sees When having snake excrement on to wood chip just, it is embedded in wood chip;Keeper, 1-2 months will according to the wood chip dry and wet degree of feeding area Wood chip stirs once, by by the wood chip transposition of the wood chip of feeding area and behaviour area, to ensure zymophyte uniform amount, and raising Obtained waste material is changed after 3 years.Every 60 square metres of snake house area needs 1-2 kilograms of zymophyte.Laying wood chip process must not add Water, enter after bed if feeling snake room humidity deficit, can sprinkle water in metope, keep wood chip drying as far as possible.It is according to aforesaid operations It can be not required to clean and rinse snake room.Described wood chip is the wood chip of Chinese fir and/or pine, and wood chip length and thickness are both less than 0.5cm, wood chip need to dry before, can light a fire as degree.Wood chip is the mixing of China fir wood chip, pine wood chip or China fir and pine Wood chip, wood chip can also be other wood chips that will not distribute penetrating odor, distribute the wood chip such as camphor tree and eucalyptus of penetrating odor Wood etc..Wood chip is preferably thickness mixing, and the wood chip and sawdust of bulky grain mix, and can so keep water absorbing capacity and the extension of wood chip Service life.The impurity such as wood skin and branch can not be carried in wood chip.Corn flour is non-transgenic corn powder.
Described zymophyte is that strain is put to the culture for cultivating to obtain in the medium.It is described zymogenic to cultivate Cheng Wei:After culture medium and strain are mixed, quiescent culture adds the excrement that flushing snake room obtains and is well mixed, stand after 2-3 days After 5-7 days, zymophyte is obtained;The weight ratio for the excrement that culture medium, strain and flushing snake room obtain is 100:(1-3):50.It is described The raw material of culture medium include following parts by weight:Wood chip 35-50 parts, corn flour 20-25 parts, molasses 3-8 parts, copper sulphate 1-1.5 Part, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3-5 parts, ferrous sulfate 1-2 parts, zinc sulfate 1-1.5 parts, urea 5-8 parts, ammonium hydrogen carbonate 5-10 parts.It is described Strain, its raw material includes following parts by weight:Lactic acid bacteria 8-10 parts, candida utili 5-8 parts, bacillus licheniformis 3-5 parts, Trichoderma harzianum 3-5 parts, streptococcus thermophilus 2-3 parts, EM bacterium 1-2 parts.
Described lactic acid bacteria (Lacticacidbacteria, LAB) be-that class can utilize fermentable carbohydrate to produce is big Measure the common name of the bacterium of lactic acid.This kind of bacterium is extremely wide in distributed in nature, has abundant species diversity.They are not only It is the ideal material of research classification, biochemical, heredity, molecular biology and genetic engineering, in theory with important academic valency Value, and it is also high in the key areas application value closely related with human lives such as industry, farming and animal husbandry, food and medicine.
Described candida utili is called Torula utilis Henneb or edible torula, Latin are entitledCandidautilis, production The cell of protein Candida is rounded, oval or sausage shape, size are(3.5~4.5)um×(7~13)um;Liquid Culture Mould is not produced, ttom of pipe has bacterial sediment.Candida utili can utilize molasses, wood hydrolysis liquid etc. to produce the edible egg of people and animals White matter, animal intestinal micro-ecology balance can be adjusted, improves feed digestibility, strengthens animal body immunity.Candida utili Cellulose raw material production nutrition can be utilized to increase rich fermented feed, and just contain substantial amounts of cellulose in straw.Further, since Candida utili cell is rich in vitamin B and protein, moreover it is possible to provides the part nutriment needed for animal.As feed enzyme Can produce a variety of enzymes after the cracking of additive yeast cell wall, yeast cells living also can a variety of enzymes of exocytosis, as amylase, Protease, cellulase etc..
Bacillus licheniformis(Scientific name:Bacillus licheniformis)It is a kind of gram sun common in soil Property thermophilic bacteria.In birds, the birds on ground are particularly lived in(Such as Fringillidae)With aquatic birds(Such as duck)Feather in This bacterium can be found, particularly in the feather at its chest and back.The optimum temperature of enzyme secretion is 37 DEG C.It may be with spore Sub- form is present, so as to resist rugged environment;Under good environment, then state presence can be grown.The bacterium can adjust flora Imbalance reaches therapeutic purposes, and body can be promoted to produce antibacterial substance, kill pathogenic bacteria.Resistant activity material can be produced, and is had There is the biology take oxygen mechanism of uniqueness, the growth and breeding of pathogenic bacteria can be suppressed.
Trichoderma harzianum(Trichoderma harzianum)Mycelia it is very thin colourless, tool separate, multi-branched.Conidium Stalk is born from the side shoot of mycelia, to raw or alternate, is typically had 2-3 branch, sporogenic stigma doleiform estranged or taper. Conidium is mostly spherical, sporoderm tool pustule, blue-green.At the beginning of bacterium colony it is white cotton fiber shape in PDA culture medium, is afterwards dirty-green.
Streptococcus thermophilus(Streptococcus thermophilus)From dairy products.Streptococcus thermophilus:It is facultative to detest Oxygen or micro- aerobic gram-positive bacteria, about 0.7 to 0.9 nanometer of long-chain is linked to be using two oval types as a pair of coccus. Selective medium, streptococcus thermophilus may have grown into cream-coloured bacterium colony.Streptococcus thermophilus is homo-fermentative bacterium, fermentation process In, it produces Pfansteihl and folic acid.In laboratory conditions, streptococcus thermophilus can in 45 DEG C, cultivate under anaerobic condition, in M17 Base(The commercially available culture medium of special culture streptococcus thermophilus)Growth.
Described bacillus subtilis, Classification system:Bacillussubtilis, be bacillus one kind.Withered grass 0.7~0.8 × 2~3 microns of bacillus individual cells, uniform coloring.Without pod membrane, peritrichous, can move.Gram-positive Bacterium, 0.6~0.9 × 1.0~1.5 microns of gemma, ellipse arrive column, central or slightly inclined positioned at thalline, and thalline is not after sporulation Expand.Bacterium colony rough surface is opaque, dirty white or slightly yellow, and when being grown in liquid medium within, wrinkle mould is commonly formed.Withered grass bud Spore bacillus has stronger protease, amylase and lipase active, can be active enzyme by internal activation of zymogen, can also divide - serial other enzymes are secreted, such as pectase, dextranase, cellulase, can help to decompose the thing such as SNSP in plant feed Matter, the present invention using bacillus subtilis decompose Chinese mesona herb slag, manioc waste, ramulus mori particle, straw particle, corn ear slag particle and The crude fibre of bagasse particle, form albumen and nutrient of the edible mushroom bacterium germination needed for growth.
Described Trichoderma viride(Trichoderma viride)It is one kind of Trichoderma, it is extensive in distributed in nature, often It is saprophytic on timber, seed and plant residue.Trichoderma viride can produce a variety of enzyme systems with bioactivity, institute's cellulase-producing One of active highest bacterial strain, caused cellulase have degradation to crop, and effect is very good, and Trichoderma viride is one again Kind resourceful antagonistic microbe, have the function that in plant pathology biological control it is important, it is of the invention to utilize Trichoderma viride Bacillus subtilis is coordinated to decompose Chinese mesona herb slag, manioc waste, ramulus mori particle, straw particle, corn ear slag particle and bagasse broken Crude fibre in grain, improve raw material availability.
EM bacterium(Effective Microorganisms)It is into EM bacterium are big by Japanese Ryukyu by about 80 kinds of microorganism groups Ratio is good to be studied successfully professor's nineteen eighty-two according to husband, is put goods on the market the eighties.EM bacterium are with photosynthetic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, yeast A kind of micro- life bacteria preparation that more than 80 microorganisms of 10 category based on bacterium and actinomyces are combined.The mechanism of action is to form EM Bacterium and the competition of pathogenic microorganism contention nutrition, because em bacterium easily live and reproduce in soil, so can it is very fast and stably Occupy the ecologic niche in soil, form the advantage group of beneficial microbial bacteria, so as to control the breeding of pathogenic microorganism and Invasion and attack to crop.It is the developing direction of the ecological agriculture, is more beneficial for the sustainable development of agricultural.The beginning of the nineties at the end of the eighties, EM bacterium by the states such as Japan, Thailand, Brazil, the U.S., Indonesia, Sri Lanka be widely used in agricultural, cultivation, plantation, The fields such as environmental protection, achieve obvious economic benefit and ecological benefits.The present invention is determined planting material in fermentation process using EM fungi degradations The problem of easily being polluted by harmful bacteria, ensure that edible mushroom grows up healthy and sound.
Above-mentioned strain is bought from strain in the market or cultivates to obtain by Guangxi Academy Of Sciences.
The advantages of preparation method of masson pine seedling medium of the present invention is:
The application planting material uses the useless snake room bedding and padding for supporting She Chang discharges that culture medium of edible fungus is prepared for primary raw material, belongs to The project that turns waste into wealth that waste material recycles, does not discharge waste residue externally, green;The culture medium of edible fungus kind herbivore being prepared It is early with bacterium fruiting, mushroom time length can be adopted, and edible fungus culturing cost can be reduced, improve edible fungus culturing economic benefit.Also with Culture medium of edible fungus is prepared in the leftover bits and pieces of processing factory and tapioca processing factory, belong to factory waste recycling change give up into Precious project, waste residue is not discharged externally, it is green;The culture medium of edible fungus plantation edible mushroom being prepared is early, can adopt mushroom Time is grown, and can reduce edible fungus culturing cost, improves edible fungus culturing economic benefit, while solve bean jelly processing factory and wood The problem of sweet potato starch processing factory discarded object, the production environment for having kept factory, reach the purpose of factory and planting household doulbe-sides' victory.Again A large amount of crude fibres and organic matter contained in useless snake room bedding and padding can be made full use of, by adding mixed fermentation planting material, are decomposed Crude fibre forms a kind of nutritional ingredient of crude protein, promotes organic matter degradation, improves raw material availability.Chinese mesona herb herb is containing more Sugar, relieve summer heat, heat-clearing, cool blood, function of detoxification, using Chinese mesona herb slag be planting material can shorten edible mushroom bacterium germination and fruiting when Between;It can prevent edible mushroom from disease occurs, make that insect prevention diseases prevention medicament need not be sprayed again during edible fungus culturing;The present invention uses one The method of secondary fermentation, it is therefore an objective to retain the lignin and cellulose in planting material as far as possible, because appropriate cellulose and wooden Element has the function that to promote edible mushroom bacterium germination and grown up that this culture medium of edible fungus nitrogen content is up to more than 2.2%, is especially advantageous for eating With the growth of bacterium, making edible mushroom, cultivation cost is relatively low, hence it is evident that increase economic benefit from harvesting only needs 33 days or so are inoculated into. Culture medium of edible fungus can balance kind of an acid-base value for mushroom environment, promote the growth of ambient microorganisms, so as to promote the growth of edible mushroom; The planting material for cultivating edible mushroom is recycled to widen the raw material sources of masson pine seedling medium as masson pine seedling medium, drop Low masson pine nursery production cost, realize the Multi-class propagation of waste resource;Horse hair is added using the planting material for cultivating edible mushroom Folium et Ramulus Pini particle, turn uniformly, it is more than week to place one, then carry out turning as masson pine seedling medium, plant percent Height, side fibrous root is flourishing, and the Pinus massoniana Seedlings cultivated are healthy and strong, and late growing stage grows fine, and improves the surrival rate of afforestation.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation for the tunnel fermentation kiln that the present invention uses.
Embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the technical scheme in invention is clearly and completely described, described embodiment is only Only it is the part of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.
Embodiment 1
Masson pine seedling medium can be prepared into using following processing step:
(1)Useless snake room bedding and padding 50-60 parts are taken by weight;Chinese mesona herb slag 25-40 parts;Manioc waste 10-25 parts;Straw particle 10- 20 parts;Ramulus mori particle 5-10 parts;Corn ear slag particle 3-8 parts;Bagasse particle 3-5 parts;
(2)Useless snake room bedding and padding, Chinese mesona herb slag, manioc waste, straw particle, ramulus mori particle, corn ear slag particle and bagasse is broken Grain is well mixed to obtain premix;
(3)Add Mixed Microbes into premix, the weight ratio of premix and Mixed Microbes is 100:(0.5-2);Mixed Microbes are by withered grass Bacillus, Trichoderma viride and EM bacterium solutions composition, the weight ratio of bacillus subtilis, Trichoderma viride and EM bacterium solutions is 1:1:1;
(4)It is put into tunnel fermentation kiln and ferments after premix and Mixed Microbes are well mixed, fermentation temperature is controlled at 25 DEG C -28 DEG C, aerobic fermentation 25-35 days;
(5)By the premix after fermentation after pasteurization 8-12 hours, planting material is obtained;Sterilisation temp is 58 DEG C -62 DEG C;
(6)Planting material after pasteurization, which is placed in edible fungus culturing canopy, is cooled to less than 25 DEG C, is implanted into edible fungi Kind, implantation edible fungus species need to be in planting material upper table cover 4-5cm moistening soil after 15 days;Moistening soil be using pond sludge, After yellow soil and soddy soil smash mixing, clear water is added to being sufficiently humidified so as to produce, the weight ratio of pond sludge, yellow soil and soddy soil For:3:2:(0.1-0.5), carry out edible fungus culturing;
(7)After edible mushroom has been cultivated, horse hair Folium et Ramulus Pini particle is added, is turned uniformly, it is more than week to place one, then turned over Heap, you can as masson pine seedling medium.
Horse hair Folium et Ramulus Pini particle is that the branch that is dropped using masson pine and pine needle are crushed to the 0.5 following size in the inside and obtained Particle;Wherein pine needle accounts for the 30-50% of particle gross weight;Horse hair Folium et Ramulus Pini particle accounts for the 10-15% of seedling medium gross weight.
Multiple rows of blow vent is provided with described tunnel fermentation kiln ground, blow vent can be passed through compressed air, regularly to pre- Batch mixing carries out logical oxygen.The ground of tunnel fermentation kiln is hardening of cement ground, lays breather pipe before hardened ground, is left during hardening Blow vent, breather pipe can discharge compressed gas from blow vent.The left side, the right side and the inside of tunnel fermentation kiln are partition wall, top surface It is provided with the sunshade that keeps off the rain.Culture medium of edible fungus is after being well mixed premix and Mixed Microbes, and it is fermented in kiln from tunnel Face out stacking on the ground, cover on blow vent, the compressed gas in breather pipe is discharged from blow vent, is provided for premix Oxygen and the temperature for keeping premix fermentation.
Described useless cnidium monnieri bedding and padding are that wood chip is laid on snake room ground, and the thickness of wood chip is more than 10cm, in wood chip uniformly It is mixed with zymophyte and corn flour, the weight ratio of zymophyte and corn flour is 1:(15-20);Keeper is giving snake feeding, sees When having snake excrement on to wood chip just, it is embedded in wood chip;Keeper, 1-2 months will according to the wood chip dry and wet degree of feeding area Wood chip stirs once, by by the wood chip transposition of the wood chip of feeding area and behaviour area, to ensure zymophyte uniform amount, and raising Obtained waste material is changed after 3 years.Wood chip is the wood chip of Chinese fir and/or pine, and wood chip length and thickness are both less than 0.5cm.Every 60 Square metre snake house area need 1-2 kilograms of zymophyte.
Described zymophyte is that strain is put to the culture for cultivating to obtain in the medium;Culture medium is former by following parts by weight Material is made:Wood chip 35-50 parts, corn flour 20-25 parts, molasses 3-8 parts, copper sulphate 1-1.5 parts, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3-5 parts, sulfuric acid Ferrous 1-2 parts, zinc sulfate 1-1.5 parts, urea 5-8 parts, ammonium hydrogen carbonate 5-10 parts.
Described strain, it is made up of the strain of following parts by weight:Lactic acid bacteria 8-10 parts, candida utili 5-8 parts, lichens Bacillus 3-5 parts, trichoderma harzianum 3-5 parts, streptococcus thermophilus 2-3 parts, EM bacterium 1-2 parts.
Described zymogenic incubation is:After culture medium and strain are mixed, quiescent culture adds punching after 2-3 days Wash the excrement that snake room obtains to be well mixed, after standing 5-7 days, obtain zymophyte;The excrement that culture medium, strain and flushing snake room obtain Just weight ratio is 100:(1-3):50.
Described above is not limitation of the present invention, and the present invention is also not limited to examples detailed above, the art it is general Logical technical staff, in the essential scope of the present invention, the variations, modifications, additions or substitutions made, it should all belong to the guarantor of the present invention Protect scope.

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. preparation method of masson pine seedling medium, it is characterised in that:Preparation process comprises the following steps:
    (1)Useless snake room bedding and padding 50-60 parts are taken by weight;Chinese mesona herb slag 25-40 parts;Manioc waste 10-25 parts;Straw particle 10- 20 parts;Ramulus mori particle 5-10 parts;Corn ear slag particle 3-8 parts;Bagasse particle 3-5 parts;
    (2)Useless snake room bedding and padding, Chinese mesona herb slag, manioc waste, straw particle, ramulus mori particle, corn ear slag particle and bagasse is broken Grain is well mixed to obtain premix;
    (3)Add Mixed Microbes into premix, the weight ratio of premix and Mixed Microbes is 100:(0.5-2);Mixed Microbes are by withered grass Bacillus, Trichoderma viride and EM bacterium solutions composition, the weight ratio of bacillus subtilis, Trichoderma viride and EM bacterium solutions is 1:1:1;
    (4)It is put into tunnel fermentation kiln and ferments after premix and Mixed Microbes are well mixed, fermentation temperature is controlled at 25 DEG C -28 DEG C, aerobic fermentation 25-35 days;
    (5)By the premix after fermentation after pasteurization 8-12 hours, planting material is obtained;Sterilisation temp is 58 DEG C -62 DEG C;
    (6)Planting material after pasteurization, which is placed in edible fungus culturing canopy, is cooled to less than 25 DEG C, is implanted into edible fungi Kind, implantation edible fungus species need to be in planting material upper table cover 4-5cm moistening soil after 15 days;Moistening soil be using pond sludge, After yellow soil and soddy soil smash mixing, clear water is added to being sufficiently humidified so as to produce, the weight ratio of pond sludge, yellow soil and soddy soil For:3:2:(0.1-0.5), carry out edible fungus culturing;
    (7)After edible mushroom has been cultivated, horse hair Folium et Ramulus Pini particle is added, is turned uniformly, it is more than week to place one, then turned over Heap, you can as masson pine seedling medium.
  2. 2. the preparation method of masson pine seedling medium according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Horse hair Folium et Ramulus Pini particle is The branch and pine needle to be dropped using masson pine is crushed to the particle that the 0.5 following size in the inside obtains;Wherein pine needle accounts for particle gross weight The 30-50% of amount;Horse hair Folium et Ramulus Pini particle accounts for the 10-15% of seedling medium gross weight.
  3. 3. the preparation method of masson pine seedling medium according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described tunnel fermentation kiln Multiple rows of blow vent is provided with ground, blow vent can be passed through compressed air, and logical oxygen is regularly carried out to premix.
  4. 4. the preparation method of masson pine seedling medium according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described useless cnidium monnieri bedding and padding It is that wood chip is laid on snake room ground, the thickness of wood chip is more than 10cm, and zymophyte and corn flour are uniformly mixed with wood chip, fermentation The weight of bacterium and corn flour ratio is 1:(15-20);Keeper is giving snake feeding, it is seen that when having snake excrement on wood chip just, is buried Enter in wood chip;Keeper stirs wood chip once in 1-2 months according to the wood chip dry and wet degree of feeding area, by by feeding area Wood chip and the wood chip transposition of behaviour area, to ensure zymophyte uniform amount, obtained waste material is changed in raising after 3 years.
  5. 5. the preparation method of masson pine seedling medium according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Described wood chip is Chinese fir And/or the wood chip of pine, wood chip length and thickness are both less than 0.5cm.
  6. 6. the preparation method of masson pine seedling medium according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Every 60 square metres of She She Area needs 1-2 kilograms of zymophyte.
  7. 7. the preparation method of masson pine seedling medium according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Described zymophyte be by Strain puts the culture for cultivating to obtain in the medium;Culture medium is made up of following raw material:Wood chip 35-50 parts, corn Powder 20-25 parts, molasses 3-8 parts, copper sulphate 1-1.5 parts, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3-5 parts, ferrous sulfate 1-2 parts, zinc sulfate 1-1.5 Part, urea 5-8 parts, ammonium hydrogen carbonate 5-10 parts.
  8. 8. the preparation method of masson pine seedling medium according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Described strain, by with The strain composition of lower parts by weight:Lactic acid bacteria 8-10 parts, candida utili 5-8 parts, bacillus licheniformis 3-5 parts, Trichoderma harzianum Bacterium 3-5 parts, streptococcus thermophilus 2-3 parts, EM bacterium 1-2 parts.
  9. 9. the preparation method of masson pine seedling medium according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Described zymogenic training Foster process is:After culture medium and strain are mixed, quiescent culture adds the excrement that flushing snake room obtains and is well mixed after 2-3 days, After standing 5-7 days, zymophyte is obtained;The weight ratio for the excrement that culture medium, strain and flushing snake room obtain is 100:(1-3):50.
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CN109089823A (en) * 2018-07-30 2018-12-28 广西武宣金泰丰农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of yam bean plantation substrate
CN109089827A (en) * 2018-07-30 2018-12-28 广西武宣金泰丰农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of potato plantation substrate
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CN109169161A (en) * 2018-07-30 2019-01-11 广西武宣金泰丰农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of cultivation matrix of cabbage heart
CN109220700A (en) * 2018-07-30 2019-01-18 广西武宣金泰丰农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of passion fruit cuttage seeding plantation substrate

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CN108314485A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-07-24 广西长耀隆农业科技有限公司 A kind of mulberry tree seedling medium and preparation method thereof
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CN109220700A (en) * 2018-07-30 2019-01-18 广西武宣金泰丰农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of passion fruit cuttage seeding plantation substrate

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