CN108094125A - A kind of dragon beach pearl plum seedling culture medium and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of dragon beach pearl plum seedling culture medium and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN108094125A
CN108094125A CN201711152427.3A CN201711152427A CN108094125A CN 108094125 A CN108094125 A CN 108094125A CN 201711152427 A CN201711152427 A CN 201711152427A CN 108094125 A CN108094125 A CN 108094125A
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parts
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pearl
culture medium
slag
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黄其霞
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黄其霞
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Abstract

A kind of dragon beach pearl plum seedling culture medium, raw material include following parts by weight:25 parts of 50 60 parts of Chinese mesona herb slag, 25 30 parts of imperial beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, 20 30 parts of silkworm excrement, 15 20 parts of corn ear slag particle, 10 15 parts of pond sludge, 10 15 parts of molasses, 10 15 parts of cow dung, 8 10 parts of yellow soil, 8 10 parts of bagasse particle, 58 parts of beggar-ticks particle, 58 parts of soddy soil, 36 parts of microbial strain culture, 25 parts of potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer.The imperial beach pearl plum seedling of the present invention is cultivated base and is prepared using the leftover bits and pieces of bean jelly processing factory for primary raw material, manufacturing cost is low, and the imperial beach pearl plum seedling stalk cultivated is sturdy, improves the survival rate of imperial beach pearl plum seedling transplanting, fruiting is fast, and imperial beach pearl Lee fruit is big, crisp sweet tea.

Description

A kind of dragon beach pearl plum seedling culture medium and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical fields of fruit tree seedlings culture medium, and in particular to it is a kind of dragon beach pearl plum seedling culture medium and its Preparation method.
Background technology
Imperial beach pearl Lee, tree crown globular model, annual shoot yellowish-brown, young sprout tender tip bronzing, smooth, glossy, vein Light green, smoothly, lanceolar, leaf grow 8.3 centimetres, and 3.2 centimetres wide, blade tip is tapering, phyllopodium wedge shape, leaf margin rough sawn dentation, vein In close, 0.6 centimetre of average out to.Hua Dansheng or 2 ~ 5 fasciation, small and white, equal 5 pieces of petal, calyx.Gesture tree is strong, and germination rate is high, It is strong into principal stresses, in, fruit spur can be as a result, based on fruit spur or inflorescence shape branch result, pollen is more, and self-flowering fruiting rate is high, tool There is early fruiting and high yield characteristic.The tip phase is taken out as mid or late Febuary to mid or late March;Initial bloom stage is mid or late Febuary, and full-bloom stage is during March is upper Ten days, Flowers ending are late March;Fructescence is August early and middle ten days (picking time continues 20 days or so), and the leaf fall period is late November To early December.The crisp mouth of imperial beach pearl Lee sweetness, it is deep to be liked by client.
In order to meet the market demand, around the Longtan hydropower station of Guangxi Tiane County, many villages, which are all planted, is implanted with imperial beach pearl Lee; However, it has been investigated that, the robustness of imperial beach pearl plum seedling and the height of transplanting success have direct relation.It is how low Cost, high-survival rate, the sapling of cultivating imperial beach pearl Lee stalwartness in short time are that current imperial beach pearl Lee plantation is urgently to be resolved hurrily Major issue.
The content of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of leftover bits and pieces using bean jelly processing factory imperial beach pearl Lee is prepared for primary raw material Sapling cultivates base, and manufacturing cost is low, and the imperial beach pearl plum seedling stalk cultivated is sturdy, improves the pearl plum seedling transplanting of imperial beach Survival rate, fruiting is fast, and imperial beach pearl Lee fruit is big, fresh and sweet crisp mouth.
In order to solve above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
A kind of dragon beach pearl plum seedling culture medium, raw material include following parts by weight:50-60 parts of Chinese mesona herb slag, imperial beach pearl 25-30 parts of Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, 20-30 parts of silkworm excrement, 15-20 parts of corn ear slag particle, 10-15 parts of pond sludge, 10-15 parts of molasses, 10-15 parts of cow dung, 8-10 parts of yellow soil, 8-10 parts of bagasse particle, 5-8 parts of beggar-ticks particle, 5-8 parts of soddy soil, strain training Support 2-5 parts of 3-6 parts of object, 2-5 parts of potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer.
The microbial strain culture is that strain is put to the weight of the culture cultivated in the medium, strain and culture medium Amount is than being 1:(60-80);The culture medium is made of following raw material:30-45 parts of Chinese mesona herb slag, corn flour 15-25 Part, 3-5 parts of molasses, 1-1.5 parts of copper sulphate, 3-5 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 1-3 parts of ferrous sulfate, 1-2 parts of zinc sulfate, urea 5-8 5-8 parts of part and ammonium hydrogen carbonate;The strain is made of the strain of following parts by weight:8-10 parts of lactic acid bacteria, candida utili 3-6 parts, 3-5 parts of bacillus subtilis, 3-5 parts of nitrogen-fixing bacteria, 3-5 parts of trichoderma harzianum, 2-3 parts of streptococcus thermophilus, EM bacterium 1-2 Part;Incubation is:By corn flour, molasses, copper sulphate, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, urea and ammonium hydrogen carbonate After mixing, the water for adding in 40-50 DEG C stirs into paste, and after adding strain mixing, quiescent culture 2-3 days is eventually adding Chinese mesona herb slag stirs evenly, ferment a week after to get.
The preparation process of imperial beach pearl plum seedling culture medium comprises the following steps:
(1)50-60 parts of Chinese mesona herb slag, 25-30 parts of imperial beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, 20-30 parts of silkworm excrement, jade are taken by weight 15-20 parts of rice stick slag particle, 10-15 parts of pond sludge, 10-15 parts of molasses, 10-15 parts of cow dung, 8-10 parts of yellow soil, bagasse particle 2-5 parts of 8-10 parts, 5-8 parts of beggar-ticks particle, 5-8 parts of soddy soil, 3-6 parts of microbial strain culture, 2-5 parts of potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer;
(2)By imperial beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, corn ear slag particle, pond sludge, molasses, cow dung, yellow soil, bagasse particle, Beggar-ticks particle, soddy soil, microbial strain culture, potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer after mixing, add in suitable water, until material moisture is 50-60% stacks 3-5 days, obtains premix;It cannot be exposed to the sun and rain during stacking;
(3)By premix and Chinese mesona herb slag and silkworm excrement after mixing, it is put into tunnel fermentation kiln and ferments, fermentation temperature control exists 25 DEG C -28 DEG C, aerobic fermentation 25-35 days obtains mixture;
(4)By mixture when pasteurization 8-12 is small after, obtain cultivation base;Sterilisation temp is 55 DEG C -65 DEG C.
Multiple rows of blow vent is provided on the tunnel fermentation kiln ground, blow vent can be passed through compressed air, periodically to pre- Batch mixing carries out logical oxygen.The ground of tunnel fermentation kiln is hardening of cement ground, lays snorkel before hardened ground, and when hardening is left Blow vent, snorkel can discharge compressed gas from blow vent.Partition walls is in the left side, the right side and the inside of tunnel fermentation kiln, top surface It is provided with the sunshade that keeps off the rain.It after mixing, is fermented premix and Chinese mesona herb slag and silkworm excrement from tunnel in kiln by the present invention It faces out stacking on the ground, covers on blow vent, the compressed gas in snorkel is discharged from blow vent, and oxygen is provided for material Gas and the temperature for keeping material fermentation.
Chinese mesona herb (scientific name:Mesona chinensis BenthIt is) labiate, the lower portion of the stem is thrown oneself on the ground, and top is upright, Leaf is avette or ovate oval, and apex is slightly blunt, and base portion, which tapers, shortens handle into, and there is small sawtooth at edge, and two sides, which has to dredge, becomes mildewed;It is born in The leaf on inflorescence top is smaller, avette to up-side down triangle in bracteal, relatively spends short, the normal band lavender of base portion, as a result when come off.Always Locusta is weak, spends small, and verticillate, calyx is small, mitriform, and 2 lip shapes, upper lip 3 is split, lower lip full edge, as a result when or tubular, under it is curved, have vertical Arteries and veins and horizontal wrinkle;Corolla pale red, upper lip is wealthy, full edge or fissure, lower lip oblong, recess;Stamen 4, filigree protrude;Gynoecium 1, style 2 is split;Floral disc is while expand.Pyrene ellipse.Autumn Mo at florescence.It is distributed in TaiWan, China, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Guangdong, West Guangxi.Chinese mesona herb is a kind of important medical and edible dual purpose plant resource.Chinese mesona herb herb contains polysaccharide, relieves summer heat, is heat-clearing, cool Blood, function of detoxification.Its stem among the people of commonly using adds water to cook, then adds dilute starch that jelly (being commonly called as " bean jelly ") is made and eat, and is to relieve summer heat to quench one's thirst Splendid food.The Chinese mesona herb slag that the present invention uses is that bean jelly processing factory processes bean jelly, that is, mistake after adding water to cook using Chinese mesona herb Filter obtained Chinese mesona herb slag.
Silkworm excrement is silkworm faeces, silkworm sloughs off and the deposit of remaining mulberry leaf, distributes stench, and polluted source becomes local main ring Border pollutant.According to analysis, silkworm excrement contains organic matter 83.77~90.44%, ash content 9.56~16.23%, nitrogen pool 1.91~3.60%. Free amino acid contained by silkworm excrement once found out 13 kinds of amino acid such as leucine, histidine, as silkworm grows up, in excrement leucine with Histidine content is also cumulative more.Silkworm excrement carrotene containing volume.According to chemical examination 100 jin of dry silkworm excrements macerate it is decomposed after, nitrogenous 13.5 5%, Phosphorus 8.3 7%, potassium ID.15%, calcium 1.16% can improve soil, and one or two silkworm dung is applied down in field, can black one square chi of soil. Simultaneously also required nutritional ingredient is provided for plant growth containing trace elements such as copper, iron, manganese, zinc.In addition, silkworm faeces is sent out After ferment, also containing each amino acid, vitamin, protein, gibberellin, auxin, carbohydrate, nucleic acid, antibiotic etc., wherein having not Few physiological activator, they have crop growthing development regulating and controlling effect, have preventive and therapeutic effect to crop disease.
The sugarcane toppers powder is in sugarcane harvesting season, crushes to obtain using the part between sugarcane and sugarcane top Powder;Sugarcane toppers cut down the general designation for pushing up upper 2~3 tender sections and dark green blade when being and harvesting sugarcane, be commonly called as " sheath of sugarcane ", weight Amount is about the 10% of sugarcane weight, is the byproduct of sugarcane, containing sugar, protein, more than 20 kinds of amino acid, thiamine, riboflavin, dimension The various vitamins such as raw element B6, niacin, folic acid, pantothenic acid.The sugar that particularly sugarcane toppers contain can provide enough to seedling Nutriment promotes growth.
Cow dung is the deposit that cow dung and ox eat surplus remaining herbage.
Beggar-ticks particle is the segment that less than 1 centimetre length is ground into using beggar-ticks;Beggar-ticks is in the field in Guangxi Head is everywhere;Beggar-ticks(Scientific name:Bidens pilosa), annual herb plant.Distribution is very extensive, most of China Area is distributed.Herb can be used as Chinese medicine.【Channel tropism】Return liver, lung, large intestine channel.【Function is with curing mainly】It is clearing heat and detoxicating, dissipate the stasis of blood Detumescence.For appendicitis, ephritis, cholecystitis, enteritis, bacillary dysentery, hepatitis, peritonitis, the infection of the upper respiratory tract, tonsillotome The diseases such as inflammation, laryngitis, amenorrhoea, scald, venomous snake bite, traumatic injury, skin infection, child convulsion, infantile malnutrition due to digestive disturbances or intestinalparasites.The annual grass of beggar-ticks This, stem is upright, 30-100 centimetres high, blunt four prismatic, and hairless or top is by extremely sparse pubescence, and base diameter is up to 6 millimeters.Stem Inferior leads are smaller, and 3 split or do not divide, and usually wither before flowering, and middle leaf has long 1.5-5 centimetres of aptery handle, and three go out, leaflet 3 pieces, both sides leaflet ellipse or ovate-elliptic, 2-4.5 centimetres long, 1.5-2.5 centimetres wide, the sharp point of apex, base portion subcircular Or wealthy wedge shape, deflection sometimes is asymmetric, has a short handle, and edge has that sawtooth, terminal leaflet are larger, oblong or ovate oval, 3.5-7 centimetres long, apex is tapering, and base portion is gradually narrow or subcircular, has long 1-2 centimetres of a handle, and there is a sawtooth at edge, hairless or by extremely dilute Thin pubescence, upper leaf is small, and 3 split or do not divide, strip lanceolar.8-9 millimeters of flower head diameter, there is long 1-6(Fruit duration Peduncle 3-10) centimetre.Involucre base portion is by pubescence, and 7-8 pieces of bract, strip cochlear, top is slightly wider, duration 3-4 millis of blooming Rice, fruit duration is to 5 millimeters, herbaceous stem, and edge is dredged by pubescence or there are few hair, outer layer supporting spring lanceolar, and 5-6 millimeter of fruit duration is dry Film quality, back side brown, tool yellow edge, internal layer is narrower, strip lanceolar.
Imperial beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle is that the branch obtained using the imperial beach pearl Japanese plum of trimming is crushed to below 0.5 the inside The particle of size.
Corn ear slag particle is to be broken into particle of the granular size less than 1 the inside with corn ear ground-slag;Corn ear slag refers to Corn ear remaining slag after threshing.
Bagasse particle bagasse powder is broken into the particle that length is less than less than 2 centimetres;Bagasse is the by-product of cane sugar factory Object is all a large amount of wastes that resource is caused as fuel or paper making raw material all the time.Bagasse is added in cultivation base, is belonged to In the project that turns waste into wealth that leftover bits and pieces recycles, waste residue is not discharged externally, it is environmentally protective;Contain substantial amounts of fiber in bagasse Element, the bagasse after everfermentation, crude fibre can degrade, and crude protein can improve, and nutritive value is improved, and be formed Nutrient needed for the growth of carambola tree.
The lactic acid bacteria (Lacticacidbacteria, LAB) be-that class can utilize fermentable carbohydrate to generate is big Measure the common name of the bacterium of lactic acid.This kind of bacterium is extremely wide in distributed in nature, has abundant species diversity.They are not only It is the ideal material of research classification, biochemical, heredity, molecular biology and genetic engineering, in theory with important academic valency Value, and it is also high in the key areas application value closely related with human lives such as industry, farming and animal husbandry, food and medicine.
The candida utili is called Torula utilis Henneb or edible torula, Latin are entitledCandidautilis, production The cell of protein Candida is rounded, oval or sausage shape, size are(3.5~4.5)um×(7~13)um;Liquid Culture Mould is not produced, tube bottom has bacterial sediment.Candida utili can utilize molasses, wood hydrolysis liquid etc. to produce the edible egg of people and animals White matter can adjust animal intestinal micro-ecology balance, improve feed digestibility, enhance animal body immunity.Candida utili Cellulose raw material production nutrition can be utilized to increase rich fermented feed, and just contain substantial amounts of cellulose in straw.Further, since Candida utili cell is rich in vitamin B and protein, moreover it is possible to provide the part nutriment needed for animal.As feed enzyme Can generate a variety of enzymes after the cracking of additive yeast cell wall, yeast cells living also can a variety of enzymes of exocytosis, as amylase, Protease, cellulase etc..
Bacillus subtilis, Classification system:Bacillussubtilis, be bacillus one kind.Bacillus subtilis 0.7~0.8 × 2~3 microns of bacterium individual cells, uniform coloring.Without pod membrane, peritrichous can move.Gram-positive bacteria, bud 0.6~0.9 × 1.0~1.5 microns of spore, ellipse to column, central or slightly inclined positioned at thalline, thalline does not expand after sporulation. Bacterium colony rough surface is opaque, and when growing in liquid medium, wrinkle mould is commonly formed in dirty white or yellowish.Bacillus subtilis Bacterium has stronger protease, amylase and lipase active, can be active enzyme by internal activation of zymogen, can also secrete- Other serial enzymes, such as pectase, dextranase, cellulase.
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria, Classification system:LatinNameAzotobactersp, thalline is rod-shaped, oval or spherical shape, sprouts without in Spore, Gram-negative.Stringent aerobic, organic nutrition type can fix the nitrogen in air.Including azotobacter, nitrogen list Spore Pseudomonas, Bai Yelin Kocurias and Derxia.Nitrogen-fixing bacteria fertilizer is mostly made of the member of azotobacter.
Trichoderma harzianum(Trichoderma harzianum)Mycelia it is very thin colourless, tool separate, multi-branched.Conidium Stalk is born from the side shoot of mycelia, to raw or alternate, is generally had 2-3 branch, sporogenic stigma doleiform or taper estranged. Conidium is mostly spherical shape, and sporoderm has pustule, blue-green.It is afterwards dirty-green for white cotton fiber shape at the beginning of bacterium colony in PDA culture medium.
Streptococcus thermophilus(Streptococcus thermophilus)From dairy products.Streptococcus thermophilus:It is facultative to detest Oxygen or micro- aerobic gram-positive bacteria are linked to be about 0.7 to 0.9 nanometer of long-chain using two oval types as a pair of coccus. Selective medium, streptococcus thermophilus may have grown into cream-coloured bacterium colony.Streptococcus thermophilus is homo-fermentative bacterium, fermentation process In, it generates Pfansteihl and folic acid.In laboratory conditions, streptococcus thermophilus can in 45 DEG C, cultivate under anaerobic condition, in M17 Base(The commercially available culture medium of special culture streptococcus thermophilus)Growth.
EM bacterium(Effective Microorganisms)It is into EM bacterium are by Japanese Ryukyu by about 80 kinds of microorganism groups The ratio of university is praised to be studied successfully professor's nineteen eighty-two according to husband, is put goods on the market the eighties.EM bacterium are with photosynthetic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, ferment 10 based on female bacterium and actinomyces belong to a kind of micro- life bacteria preparation that more than 80 microorganisms are combined.The mechanism of action is to be formed EM bacterium and the competition of pathogenic microorganism contention nutrition, since EM bacterium easily live and reproduce in the soil, so can comparatively fast stablize Ground occupies the ecologic niche in soil, forms the advantage group of beneficial microbial bacteria, so as to control the breeding of pathogenic microorganism With the invasion and attack to crop.It is the developing direction of the ecological agriculture, is more advantageous to the sustainable development of agricultural.The nineties at the end of the eighties Just, EM bacterium are widely used in agricultural, cultivation, kind by states such as Japan, Thailand, Brazil, the U.S., Indonesia, Sri Lanka The fields such as plant, environmental protection achieve apparent economic benefit and ecological benefits.The present invention is determined using EM fungi degradations and cultivated in fermentation process The problem of material is easily polluted by harmful bacteria ensures the growth of imperial beach pearl plum seedling.
The advantageous effect of dragon beach of the invention pearl plum seedling culture medium is:
The imperial beach pearl plum seedling culture medium of the present invention is using Chinese mesona herb slag, imperial beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, silkworm excrement, corn ear Slag particle, pond sludge, molasses, cow dung, yellow soil, bagasse particle, beggar-ticks particle, soddy soil, microbial strain culture, potash fertilizer and phosphorus Fertilizer fermentation is made, and the soil is porous, good permeability, oxygen-containing abundant, and sowing or cottage breeding dragon beach pearl Japanese plum shoot survival percent are high, and The cold tolerance of imperial beach pearl plum seedling can be improved, the imperial beach pearl plum seedling stalk cultivated is sturdy, improves imperial beach pearl The survival rate of plum seedling transplanting, fruiting are fast.The culture medium of the present invention is primary raw material using the leftover bits and pieces of bean jelly processing factory, is belonged to The project that turns waste into wealth that waste material recycles, does not discharge waste residue externally, environmentally protective;Chinese mesona herb herb contains polysaccharide, relieves summer heat, clearly Heat, cool blood, function of detoxification can promote imperial beach pearl plum seedling root microorganism to grow using Chinese mesona herb slag for primary raw material;Training It supports in base also added with imperial beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, after everfermentation, contains and imperial beach pearl Japanese plum close relative in culture medium Element, improves the nutrient absorption ability of imperial beach pearl plum seedling, and addition beggar-ticks particle improves the drought resisting of imperial beach pearl plum seedling Ability reduces the death rate of the imperial beach pearl plum seedling caused by transport, and it is precious to shorten imperial beach with the synergistic effect of other raw materials The fruit-growing time of pearl Japanese plum, pearl Lee fruit is big, the crisp mouth of sweetness.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is introduced in order to more detailed, with reference to embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
Imperial beach pearl plum seedling culture medium can be prepared using following steps:
(1)50 parts of Chinese mesona herb slag, 25 parts of imperial beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, 20 parts of silkworm excrement, corn ear slag particle are taken by weight 15 parts, 10 parts of pond sludge, 10 parts of molasses, 10 parts of cow dung, 8 parts of yellow soil, 8 parts of bagasse particle, 5 parts of beggar-ticks particle, soddy soil 5 Part, 3 parts of microbial strain culture, 2 parts of potash fertilizer and 2 parts of phosphate fertilizer;
(2)By imperial beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, corn ear slag particle, pond sludge, molasses, cow dung, yellow soil, bagasse particle, Beggar-ticks particle, soddy soil, microbial strain culture, potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer after mixing, add in suitable water, until material moisture is 50-60% stacks 3-5 days, obtains premix;It cannot be exposed to the sun and rain during stacking;
(3)By premix and Chinese mesona herb slag and silkworm excrement after mixing, it is put into tunnel fermentation kiln and ferments, fermentation temperature control exists 25 DEG C -28 DEG C, aerobic fermentation 25-35 days obtains mixture;
(4)By mixture when pasteurization 8-12 is small after, obtain cultivation base;Sterilisation temp is 55 DEG C -65 DEG C.
Multiple rows of blow vent is provided on the tunnel fermentation kiln ground, blow vent can be passed through compressed air, periodically to pre- Batch mixing carries out logical oxygen.The ground of tunnel fermentation kiln is hardening of cement ground, lays snorkel before hardened ground, and when hardening is left Blow vent, snorkel can discharge compressed gas from blow vent.Partition walls is in the left side, the right side and the inside of tunnel fermentation kiln, top surface It is provided with the sunshade that keeps off the rain.
The microbial strain culture is that strain is put to the weight of the culture cultivated in the medium, strain and culture medium Amount is than being 1:60;The culture medium is made of following raw material:30 parts of Chinese mesona herb slag, 15 parts of corn flour, 3 parts of molasses, 5 parts of 1 part of copper sulphate, 3 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 1 part of ferrous sulfate, 1 part of zinc sulfate, 5 parts of urea and ammonium hydrogen carbonate;The bacterium Kind, it is made of the strain of following parts by weight:8 parts of lactic acid bacteria, 3 parts of candida utili, 3 parts of bacillus subtilis, nitrogen-fixing bacteria 3 Part, 3 parts of trichoderma harzianum, 2 parts of streptococcus thermophilus, 1 part of EM bacterium;Incubation is:By corn flour, molasses, copper sulphate, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen potassium, ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, urea and ammonium hydrogen carbonate after mixing, add in 40-50 DEG C of water and stir into paste, then add Enter strain mixing after, quiescent culture 2-3 days is eventually adding Chinese mesona herb slag and stirs evenly, fermentation one week after to get.
Embodiment 2
Imperial beach pearl plum seedling culture medium can be prepared using following steps:
(1)55 parts of Chinese mesona herb slag, 27 parts of imperial beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, 25 parts of silkworm excrement, corn ear slag particle are taken by weight 17 parts, 13 parts of pond sludge, 14 parts of molasses, 13 parts of cow dung, 9 parts of yellow soil, 9 parts of bagasse particle, 6 parts of beggar-ticks particle, soddy soil 7 Part, 5 parts of microbial strain culture, 4 parts of potash fertilizer and 3 parts of phosphate fertilizer;
(2)By imperial beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, corn ear slag particle, pond sludge, molasses, cow dung, yellow soil, bagasse particle, Beggar-ticks particle, soddy soil, microbial strain culture, potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer after mixing, add in suitable water, until material moisture is 50-60% stacks 3-5 days, obtains premix;It cannot be exposed to the sun and rain during stacking;
(3)By premix and Chinese mesona herb slag and silkworm excrement after mixing, it is put into tunnel fermentation kiln and ferments, fermentation temperature control exists 25 DEG C -28 DEG C, aerobic fermentation 25-35 days obtains mixture;
(4)By mixture when pasteurization 8-12 is small after, obtain cultivation base;Sterilisation temp is 55 DEG C -65 DEG C.
Multiple rows of blow vent is provided on the tunnel fermentation kiln ground, blow vent can be passed through compressed air, periodically to pre- Batch mixing carries out logical oxygen.The ground of tunnel fermentation kiln is hardening of cement ground, lays snorkel before hardened ground, and when hardening is left Blow vent, snorkel can discharge compressed gas from blow vent.Partition walls is in the left side, the right side and the inside of tunnel fermentation kiln, top surface It is provided with the sunshade that keeps off the rain.
The microbial strain culture is that strain is put to the weight of the culture cultivated in the medium, strain and culture medium Amount is than being 1:70;The culture medium is made of following raw material:40 parts of Chinese mesona herb slag, 20 parts of corn flour, 4 parts of molasses, 6 parts of 1.3 parts of copper sulphate, 4 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 2 parts of ferrous sulfate, 1.5 parts of zinc sulfate, 7 parts of urea and ammonium hydrogen carbonate;Described Strain is made of the strain of following parts by weight:9 parts of lactic acid bacteria, 4 parts of candida utili, 4 parts of bacillus subtilis, nitrogen-fixing bacteria 4 Part, 4 parts of trichoderma harzianum, 2.5 parts of streptococcus thermophilus, 1.5 parts of EM bacterium;Incubation is:By corn flour, molasses, copper sulphate, phosphorus Acid dihydride potassium, ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, urea and ammonium hydrogen carbonate after mixing, add in 40-50 DEG C of water and stir into paste, Add strain mixing after, quiescent culture 2-3 days is eventually adding Chinese mesona herb slag and stirs evenly, fermentation one week after to get.
Embodiment 3
Imperial beach pearl plum seedling culture medium can be prepared using following steps:
(1)60 parts of Chinese mesona herb slag, 30 parts of imperial beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, 30 parts of silkworm excrement, corn ear slag particle are taken by weight 20 parts, 15 parts of pond sludge, 15 parts of molasses, 15 parts of cow dung, 10 parts of yellow soil, 10 parts of bagasse particle, 8 parts of beggar-ticks particle, careless carbon 5 parts of 8 parts of soil, 6 parts of microbial strain culture, 5 parts of potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer;
(2)By imperial beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, corn ear slag particle, pond sludge, molasses, cow dung, yellow soil, bagasse particle, Beggar-ticks particle, soddy soil, microbial strain culture, potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer after mixing, add in suitable water, until material moisture is 50-60% stacks 3-5 days, obtains premix;It cannot be exposed to the sun and rain during stacking;
(3)By premix and Chinese mesona herb slag and silkworm excrement after mixing, it is put into tunnel fermentation kiln and ferments, fermentation temperature control exists 25 DEG C -28 DEG C, aerobic fermentation 25-35 days obtains mixture;
(4)By mixture when pasteurization 8-12 is small after, obtain cultivation base;Sterilisation temp is 55 DEG C -65 DEG C.
Multiple rows of blow vent is provided on the tunnel fermentation kiln ground, blow vent can be passed through compressed air, periodically to pre- Batch mixing carries out logical oxygen.The ground of tunnel fermentation kiln is hardening of cement ground, lays snorkel before hardened ground, and when hardening is left Blow vent, snorkel can discharge compressed gas from blow vent.Partition walls is in the left side, the right side and the inside of tunnel fermentation kiln, top surface It is provided with the sunshade that keeps off the rain.
The microbial strain culture is that strain is put to the weight of the culture cultivated in the medium, strain and culture medium Amount is than being 1:80;The culture medium is made of following raw material:45 parts of Chinese mesona herb slag, 25 parts of corn flour, 5 parts of molasses, 8 parts of 1.5 parts of copper sulphate, 5 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 3 parts of ferrous sulfate, 2 parts of zinc sulfate, 8 parts of urea and ammonium hydrogen carbonate;The bacterium Kind, it is made of the strain of following parts by weight:10 parts of lactic acid bacteria, 6 parts of candida utili, 5 parts of bacillus subtilis, nitrogen-fixing bacteria 5 Part, 5 parts of trichoderma harzianum, 3 parts of streptococcus thermophilus, 2 parts of EM bacterium;Incubation is:By corn flour, molasses, copper sulphate, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen potassium, ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, urea and ammonium hydrogen carbonate after mixing, add in 40-50 DEG C of water and stir into paste, then add Enter strain mixing after, quiescent culture 2-3 days is eventually adding Chinese mesona herb slag and stirs evenly, fermentation one week after to get.
Application Example
1st, Guangxi Wuxuan County Huang herself cultivates imperial beach pearl plum seedling.Huang obtains unintentionally the Long Tan of the present invention Pearl plum seedling culture medium under equal external condition, is divided using being cultivated on the culture medium of the present invention and traditional culture medium It Pei Yu not 30 plants of imperial beach pearl plum seedlings.The imperial beach pearl plum seedling ratio cultivated with imperial beach pearl plum seedling culture medium of the invention The imperial beach pearl plum seedling cultivated with conventional medium is averagely higher by 6 centimetres, thick 3.2 millimeters of stalk.Huang obtains cultivation Sapling planted in Tiane County using equal conditions, after transplanting imperial beach pearl plum seedling, blue or green jujube is piled up using remaining culture medium The root of tree, with the imperial beach pearl Japanese plum fruit-growing time that beach pearl plum seedling culture medium of the invention imperial is cultivated than with traditional training The fruit-growing time for the imperial beach pearl Japanese plum that foster base is cultivated carries previous week;Obtained imperial beach pearl Lee is planted to ten friends It tastes, unanimously thinks imperial beach pearl Lee grown with the imperial beach pearl Japanese plum that imperial beach pearl plum seedling culture medium of the invention is cultivated More fresh and sweet crisp mouth.
Above description is not limitation of the present invention, and the present invention is also not limited to examples detailed above, the art it is general Logical technical staff, in the essential scope of the present invention, the variations, modifications, additions or substitutions made should all belong to the guarantor of the present invention Protect scope.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of dragon beach pearl plum seedling culture medium, it is characterised in that:Its raw material includes following parts by weight:Chinese mesona herb slag 50-60 parts, imperial 25-30 parts of beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, 20-30 parts of silkworm excrement, 15-20 parts of corn ear slag particle, pond sludge 10-15 Part, 10-15 parts of molasses, 10-15 parts of cow dung, 8-10 parts of yellow soil, 8-10 parts of bagasse particle, 5-8 parts of beggar-ticks particle, careless carbon 2-5 parts of 5-8 parts native, 3-6 parts of microbial strain culture, 2-5 parts of potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer.
2. dragon beach according to claim 1 pearl plum seedling culture medium, it is characterised in that:The microbial strain culture be by Strain puts the culture cultivated in the medium, and the weight ratio of strain and culture medium is 1:(60-80);The culture medium It is made of following raw material:30-45 parts of Chinese mesona herb slag, 15-25 parts of corn flour, 3-5 parts of molasses, 1-1.5 parts of copper sulphate, phosphorus 5-8 parts of 3-5 parts of acid dihydride potassium, 1-3 parts of ferrous sulfate, 1-2 parts of zinc sulfate, 5-8 parts of urea and ammonium hydrogen carbonate;The strain, It is made of the strain of following parts by weight:8-10 parts of lactic acid bacteria, 3-6 parts of candida utili, 3-5 parts of bacillus subtilis, fixed nitrogen 3-5 parts of bacterium, 3-5 parts of trichoderma harzianum, 2-3 parts of streptococcus thermophilus, 1-2 parts of EM bacterium;Incubation is:By corn flour, molasses, sulphur Sour copper, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, urea and ammonium hydrogen carbonate after mixing, add in 40-50 DEG C of water stirring Into paste, after adding strain mixing, quiescent culture 2-3 days is eventually adding Chinese mesona herb slag and stirs evenly, and ferments a week Afterwards to get.
3. dragon beach according to claim 1 pearl plum seedling culture medium, it is characterised in that:Its preparation process includes following step Suddenly:
(1)50-60 parts of Chinese mesona herb slag, 25-30 parts of imperial beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, 20-30 parts of silkworm excrement, jade are taken by weight 15-20 parts of rice stick slag particle, 10-15 parts of pond sludge, 10-15 parts of molasses, 10-15 parts of cow dung, 8-10 parts of yellow soil, bagasse particle 2-5 parts of 8-10 parts, 5-8 parts of beggar-ticks particle, 5-8 parts of soddy soil, 3-6 parts of microbial strain culture, 2-5 parts of potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer;
(2)By imperial beach pearl Japanese plum branches and leaves particle, corn ear slag particle, pond sludge, molasses, cow dung, yellow soil, bagasse particle, Beggar-ticks particle, soddy soil, microbial strain culture, potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer after mixing, add in suitable water, until material moisture is 50-60% stacks 3-5 days, obtains premix;
(3)By premix and Chinese mesona herb slag and silkworm excrement after mixing, it is put into tunnel fermentation kiln and ferments, fermentation temperature control exists 25 DEG C -28 DEG C, aerobic fermentation 25-35 days obtains mixture;
(4)By mixture when pasteurization 8-12 is small after, obtain cultivation base;Sterilisation temp is 55 DEG C -65 DEG C.
4. dragon beach according to claim 3 pearl plum seedling culture medium, it is characterised in that:The tunnel fermentation kiln ground On be provided with multiple rows of blow vent, blow vent can be passed through compressed air, and logical oxygen is periodically carried out to premix.
CN201711152427.3A 2017-11-19 2017-11-19 A kind of dragon beach pearl plum seedling culture medium and preparation method thereof Withdrawn CN108094125A (en)

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CN110583409A (en) * 2019-10-19 2019-12-20 卢昌宝 Planting method of amomum cardamomum
CN110583408A (en) * 2019-10-19 2019-12-20 卢昌宝 High-yield millettia speciosa champ planting method

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