CN106173364A - The method producing cattle and sheep complete feed for raw material ferment in second time with corn straw - Google Patents

The method producing cattle and sheep complete feed for raw material ferment in second time with corn straw Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106173364A
CN106173364A CN201610610194.6A CN201610610194A CN106173364A CN 106173364 A CN106173364 A CN 106173364A CN 201610610194 A CN201610610194 A CN 201610610194A CN 106173364 A CN106173364 A CN 106173364A
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China
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cattle
sheep
parts
corn straw
raw material
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黄振勇
张娥珍
辛明
何全光
淡明
黄梅华
杨再位
覃仁源
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Institute of Agro Products Processing Science and Technology of Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Institute of Agro Products Processing Science and Technology of Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of method producing cattle and sheep complete feed for raw material ferment in second time with corn straw, and it includes that the raw material of following parts by weight is made: corn straw 50 85 parts;Vegetable material 10 15 parts;Corn cob 8 10 parts;Semen Maydis powder 8 10 parts;58 parts of bean dregs;58 parts of Testa oryzae;Fermented bacterium 0.1 1 parts;Trace element 0.1 0.3 parts;Described vegetable material includes one or more the mixture of Caulis Sacchari sinensis end pin, Maninot esculenta crantz. stem and leaf, fresh herbage, straw, Caulis et Folium Oryzae, Broussonetia papyrifera, Caulis arachidis hypogaeae and weeds.The present invention uses the by-product corn straw of agricultural crops to prepare cattle and sheep feedstuff by fermentation, and turn waste into wealth project, the most externally discharges waste residue, environmental protection;Manufacture method is simple, low cost, the cattle and sheep feed nutrition prepared after fermentation comprehensively, have fragrant and sweet taste, improve the appetite of cattle and sheep, cattle and sheep are liked to eat, and growth is fast.

Description

The method producing cattle and sheep complete feed for raw material ferment in second time with corn straw
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field prepared by breeding feed, specifically produce cattle with corn straw for raw material ferment in second time The method of sheep complete feed and product.
Background technology
China is a large agricultural country, and agricultural is the basis of national economy.State Council just pointed out as far back as 1996: must make The animal husbandry output value accounts for the general production value of agriculture more than 50%.Central Committee of the Communist Party of China's [about some significant problems of agricultural and rural work] Decision explicitly points out, along with improving constantly of agricultural production and inhabitant's consumption level, in time animal husbandry will be put into and more increase the weight of The position wanted, actively develops pastoral industry, accelerates development animal husbandry in agricultural area, prominent development save-grain animal husbandry.Therefore, strengthen To Caulis Sacchari sinensis caudal lobe and the utilization of agricultural crop straw, development grain-saving type, herbivorous stock raising are then the most practicable important acts at present Arrange.In recent years, along with national strategy to develop western regions and the enforcement of " conceding the land to forestry and grass " engineering, agricultural structure is further Adjusting, animal husbandry develops rapidly.The feedstuff total output of China has reached 45,000,000 tons, occupy second place of the world (U.S. the-position, Year forage yield is 140,000,000 tons).The feed industry gross output value has reached 52,600,000,000 yuan, is raised in whole national economy industrial trade 20th.But along with aquaculture and the development of feed industry, causing that feedstuff is in short supply, price rises, relying on feed grain is The animal products sluggish market of primary raw material, raiser makes the transition one after another, to scale cowboying, sheep raising development, is badly in need of low price, The Herbivore feedstuff of comprehensive nutrition." 12 " period, Grass livestock industry is confirmed as resources advantage industry and carries out emphasis and open Send out.
Making a general survey of the current situation of China plant-eating animal, the raising of China plant-eating animal is concentrated mainly on the north, particularly west Backlands district, but these areas occurred in that overgraze, the phenomenon of vegetation degeneration;Nowadays country encourages again south to develop, Although the gross area of Grassland in south China is many, but meadow in flakes is few, and scale to be formed is herded cultivation and is difficult to, and this is also so For many years, one of factor of restriction south plant-eating animal development always.That is in south, plant-eating animal to be developed, only Stable breeding!So stable breeding will have feedstuff, and, it is thick rational, the feedstuff of comprehensive nutrition of arranging in pairs or groups of essence.Southern climates is warm, positive Light is sufficient, rainfall abundant, and herbage growth is fast, and herbage keeps vigorous growth time length and yield is high, be of high nutritive value, Er Qieke The crop stalk developed is also a lot, such as corn straw, sugarcane tail, fresh Caulis et Folium Oryzae, Maninot esculenta crantz. stem and leaf etc., if it is possible to exploitation Utilizing these resources, it is changed into the Herbivore meat product that people like to eat, will turn waste into wealth, work is in the contemporary generation, profit exists Eternal lasting.
Corn planting is the pith of Grain Production in China, and in China, Semen Maydis is as the plantation amount of grain and growing surface Amass and be only second to Oryza glutinosa and Semen Tritici aestivi, it is seen that the series of problems that maize planting produces is the hugest.Maize planting produces Important problem is the process problem of corn straw, and after harvest corn, substantial amounts of corn straw possibly serves for the feedstuff of domestic animal, but Being the small part of corn straw feedstuff total output needed for oneself domestic animal of peasant, the most most corn straw is all by agriculture The people fall with regard to a baked wheaten cake in milpa, because peasant thinks that so can produce ash vehement works as fertilizer.Corn straw burning in fact The fertilizer produced is minimal amount of, and a large amount of material compositions producing corn straw during burning can mixing with black and white Conjunction smog flies away, and the ash leaving behind trace is vehement, and therefore, it is a kind of waste that combustion method processes corn straw.Burning corn straw is not It is only waste material, it is most important that cause the pollution of environment: black, white, the smog of Lycoperdon polymorphum Vitt fly away everywhere, fill the air, seriously Ground affects the health of people and the clear of border color.Constitute huge contrast: here corn-growing regions is done at burning corn straw The confused world dark, the animal husbandry area corn straw in a distant place is but the delicious food of domestic animal, the most rare, and even high price is also difficult to Buy.Domestic animal misses potter edible corn straw, and being because corn straw is that all grain Fructus Citri tangerinae bar kind Middle nutrition are the abundantest, energy Measuring the highest Fructus Citri tangerinae bar, corn straw contains substantial amounts of vitamin, cellulose, a small amount of protein, aminoacid, saccharide and animal Required trace element, wherein sugar content is the highest, during burning corn straw, the dense heavy sugared smell of burning occurs, is really unfortunate.
In recent years, along with developing rapidly of cowboying sheep aquaculture, various cattle and sheep feedstuffs develop rapidly the most therewith, present stage city Various cattle and sheep hay varieties various, act on different, wherein cattle and sheep are in different growths, physiological periods to the requirement of nutrition not Identical, its feedstuff fed can not-sample, need especially preparation.Excavate feedstuff nutritive potential, scientific and reasonable utilize feedstuff, Improve constantly food utilization efficiency, be possible not only to reduce the feed cost that cowboying sheep produces, and it is raw to reduce cowboying sheep The nutritional cost produced, saves feedstuff, thus improves efficiency and the benefit that cowboying sheep produces, promote the development of cowboying sheep industry.How Appropriate application feed resource, science processing feedstuff, the development to cowboying sheep husbandry plays conclusive effect.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of by-product corn straw using crops is that primary raw material is sent out through secondary Ferment prepares the method for cattle and sheep complete feed, and the method processing and fabricating is simple, low cost, uses the by-product Semen Maydis of crops Straw prepares cattle and sheep feedstuff by fermentation, belongs to the project that turns waste into wealth of wastes of crops recycling, and the most externally discharge is useless Slag, environmental protection;Manufacture method is simple, low cost, the cattle and sheep feed nutrition prepared after fermentation comprehensively, have fragrant and sweet taste, carry The high appetite of cattle and sheep, cattle and sheep like to eat, and growth is fast.
The present invention realizes by the following technical solutions:
The method producing cattle and sheep complete feed for raw material ferment in second time with corn straw, it includes the raw material system of following parts by weight Become:
Corn straw 50-85 part;
Vegetable material 10-15 part;
Corn cob 8-10 part;
Semen Maydis powder 8-10 part;
Bean dregs 5-8 part;
Testa oryzae 5-8 part;
Fermented bacterium 0.1-1 part;
Trace element 0.1-0.3 part;
Described vegetable material includes Caulis Sacchari sinensis end pin, Maninot esculenta crantz. stem and leaf, fresh herbage, straw, Caulis et Folium Oryzae, Broussonetia papyrifera, Caulis arachidis hypogaeae and weeds One or more mixture.
The preparation process of described fermented bacterium is:
(1) first cell culture medium of strain is cultivated: will be commercially available strain and cultivate 1-2 days at 22-35 DEG C with first cell culture medium respectively; Described strain includes that candidiasis, bacillus subtilis, lactic acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria, whiterot fungi, Trichoderma viride, marsh are red Pseudomonas, streptococcus faecalis and cellulase;
The raw material weight mark of described first cell culture medium is: glucose 5-8%, agar powder 5-8%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3-5%, chlorine Changing sodium 2-5%, ferrous sulfate 1-3%, zinc sulfate 1-2%, herbage juice 5-10%, remaining is the mashed potato boiled;Preparation process is The furnishing pasty state that added water by above-mentioned raw materials cooks 5-10 minute;
(2) secondary medium of strain is cultivated: after all strains one-level cultivated merge according to equivalent weight ratio, be put into two Level inoculation of medium, cultivates 3-5 days at 22-35 DEG C, obtains fermented bacterium;
The raw material weight number of described secondary medium is: brown sugar 5-8 part, Semen Maydis powder 5-8 part, sodium chloride 2-5 part, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen potassium 3-5 part, ferrous sulfate 1-3 part, zinc sulfate 1-2 part, herbage juice 5-10 part, Testa Tritici 10-15 part, the mashed potato boiled 10-20 part;Preparation process is that the furnishing pasty state that added water by above-mentioned raw materials cooks 5-10 minute;Secondary medium adds from cattle after cooking The stomach slag taken out in sheep ruminant stomach and gastric juice mix homogeneously, parts by weight are the 1-3% of secondary medium gross weight.
Described is that raw material ferment in second time produces the process of cattle and sheep complete feed and is with corn straw:
(1) corn cob 8-10 part, Semen Maydis powder 8-10 part, bean dregs 5-8 part, Testa oryzae 5-8 part, fermented bacterium 0.1-1 part and trace are taken Element 0.1-0.3 part, pulverizes corn cob first with pulverizer, crosses the sieve of more than 50 mesh or 50 mesh, then is mixed by above-mentioned material Carry out anaerobic fermentation after conjunction to cultivate 7-15 days;Obtain premix material, seal standby;
(2) corn straw 50-85 part and vegetable material 10-15 part are taken;Corn straw and vegetable material being cut off and smash, length is less than 3 centimetres, then carry out anaerobic fermentation after mixing with premix material and cultivate 7-15 days;The cattle and sheep full price i.e. obtaining ferment in second time production is raised Material.
The composition of described trace element and each component parts by weight: ferrous sulfate 1-5 part, zinc sulfate 1-4 part, grass Acid calcium 2-5 part, manganese sulfate 1-4 part.
Described herbage juice is graminous pasture or leguminous forage, including timothy grass (timothy), orchard grass (orchard Grass), bluegrass (kentucky blue grass), thin wheat, Pennisetum hydridum, Arundo donax grass, fescue grass, Rice dumpling leaf, Herba Setariae Viridis, purple lucerne Mu, Herba Trifolii Pratentis, Russian red clover, one or more in Caulis arachidis hypogaeae, vetch and Herba Kummerowiae Striatae, preparation process is by above-mentioned fresh Forage breaks into juice, does not filter directly use.
Utilize can being prepared into corn straw of the present invention for the method for raw material ferment in second time production cattle and sheep complete feed To cattle, sheep complete feed product.
Described corn cob be niblet is peeled off from corncob after remaining slag or core, mouldy can not use.
Described vegetable material is fresh vegetable material, and i.e. just harvesting obtains, it is impossible to use yellowing, withered and mouldy plant Material.
Corn straw is also required to fresh straw, after harvest corn, uses in 1-2 days.
Described Candida utilis is again Candida utilis or Candida utilis, and Latin is entitledCandida utilis, The cell of Candida utilis is rounded, oval or sausage shape, and size is (3.5~4.5) um × (7~13) um;Liquid is trained Support and do not produce mould, at the bottom of pipe, have bacterial sediment.It is edible that Candida utilis can utilize molasses, wood hydrolysis liquid etc. to produce people and animals Protein, can regulate animal intestinal micro-ecology balance, improve feed digestibility, strengthen animal body immunity.Candida utilis ferment Female fermented feed that cellulose raw material can be utilized to produce nutrition increasing richness, and bagasse just contains substantial amounts of cellulose.Additionally, Owing to Candida utilis cell is rich in vitamin B and protein, moreover it is possible to provide the part nutrient substance needed for animal.As raising Multiple enzyme can be produced after material enzyme additive yeast cell wall cracking, the yeast cells lived also can the multiple enzyme of exocytosis, as formed sediment Powder enzyme, protease, cellulase etc..Thus, yeast can strengthen the digestibility and utilization to nutrient substance, promotes growth of animals or poultry, promotes Its appetite, strengthens resist the disease and the ability of anti-stress.
Described bacillus subtilis, Classification system:Bacillus subtilis, it is the one of bacillus.Withered Grass bacillus cereus has stronger protease, amylase and lipase active, can be activated enzyme by internal activation of zymogen, also Other enzymes a series of can be secreted, such as pectase, glucanase, cellulase etc., can help to decompose non-starch in plant feed many The materials such as sugar, improve efficiency of feed utilization, and acid intestinal environment can the intestinal peristalsis promoting of stimulating animal, facilitating digestion absorbs.
Described lactic acid bacteria (Lactic acid bacteria, LAB) it is that a class can utilize fermentable carbohydrate to produce The common name of the antibacterial of raw a large amount of lactic acid.This bacterioid is extremely wide in distributed in nature, has abundant species diversity.They It is not only research classification, biochemical, hereditary, molecular biology and engineered ideal material, there is important in theory Art is worth, and in key areas using value also poles closely-related with human lives such as industry, farming and animal husbandry, food and medicines High.
Described photosynthetic bacteria, English name:Photosynthetic Bacteria Abbr,(being called for short PSB) is on the earth Occur the earliest, nature generally exists, has the prokaryote of original luminous energy synthetic system, be under anaerobic to carry out not Put the general name of the photosynthetic antibacterial of oxygen, be the class gram negative bacteria that is formed without spore ability, be a class using light as The energy, can utilize under anaerobism illumination or aerobic dark condition the Organic substance in nature, sulfide, ammonia etc. as hydrogen donor hold concurrently Carbon source carries out photosynthetic microorganism.Photosynthetic bacteria is distributed widely in the soil of nature, paddy field, marsh, lake, Jiang Hai etc. Place, is distributed mainly on the anoxic zone that in aquatic environment, light can be transmitted to.Can be from Cangzhou Zhongxin Biological Technology Co., Ltd. Buy, address: Yao Guantun industrial park, Cang County, Cang County Hebei province, Cangzhou, Hebei, network address: http: // czzxsw.cn.china.cn。
Described whiterot fungi, Latin literary fame:Phanerochaetc chrysosporium,It is belonging to Basidiomycotina Fungus, gains the name because rotten timber is white, is one of the microorganism of timber main component of can degrading.Timber is in white rot process Middle major part fiber still keeps complete, and cellulose crystallity change is little.It is therefore envisaged that utilize lignin degrading selectivity Good whiterot fungi carries out bio-pulping, can open up the new way of pulping process.Whiterot fungi is except locating for pre-by lignin degrading Outside reason, bio-bleaching, bio-pulping, other organic xenobiotics is also had the strongest capacity of decomposition, thus in the treatment of waste water Also have wide practical use.Industrial Co., Ltd. can be ground from upper sea valley to buy, address: Songjiang District in Shanghai City's Xin Zhuan highway 1290 Number, network address: http://www.labbase.net/UserCompany/Default-64354.html.
Described Trichoderma viride (Trichoderma viride) it is the one of trichoderma, extensive in distributed in nature, often Saprophytic on timber, seed and plant residue.Trichoderma viride can produce multiple has bioactive enzyme system, institute's cellulase-producing One of bacterial strain that activity is the highest, produced cellulase has Degradation to crop, and effect is the best, and Trichoderma viride is again one Plant resourceful antagonistic microbe, plant pathology Biological control has important effect.
Described Rhodopseudomonas palustris (Rhodop seudanonas palustris )Belong to photosynthetic bacteria (English contracting Write PSB) one, be one of microorganism the most ancient on the earth.PSB thalline is nutritious, and protein content is up to 65%, natural pond Pool rhodopseudomonas belongs to the one of photosynthetic bacteria (english abbreviation PSB), is one of microorganism the most ancient on the earth.PSB bacterium Body is nutritious, and protein content is up to 65%, and rich in various bioactivators, and there is strong adaptability, it is resistant to highly concentrated The organic wastewater of degree and stronger decomposition and inversion ability, also have the features such as certain tolerance and capacity of decomposition to the poisonous substance such as phenol, cyanogen.
Described streptococcus faecalis is again enterococcus faecalis.Application C polysaccharide antigen, according to Lan Shi (Lancefield) serum credit Class, can be divided into many groups by streptococcus.Streptococcus faecalis belongs to D group.D group streptococcus divides enterococcus and non-enterococcus two class.The former Including streptococcus faecalis (S.faecalis), streptococcus faecalis (S.faecium) and streptococcus durans (S.durans), the latter has cattle chain Coccus (S.bovis) and streptococcus equinus (S.equinus).Enterococcus faecalis (Enterococcus faecalis) is gram The positive, hydrogen peroxide negative cocci, is one of flora in humans and animals intestinal, and it can produce natural antibiotics, is conducive to Body health;The antibacterial substances such as bacteriocin, the growth of the suppression pathogen such as escherichia coli and Salmonella can also be produced simultaneously, change Kind intestinal microenvironment;Urease-producing antibacterial and the breeding of putrefaction bacteria in intestinal can also be suppressed, reduce intestinal urease and endotoxin Content, make ammonia and endotoxic content in blood decline.Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) is as a kind of probiotic bacteria, doctor Learn and be used widely in food engineering field.It addition, enterococcus is a quasi-microorganism of normal presence in digestive tract, stick at intestinal Film has stronger tolerance and colonization ability, and is a kind of amphimicrobian lactic acid bacteria, with anaerobism, cultivation preservation condition harshness Bacillus bifidus compare, be more suitable for produce and application.
Described cellulase is (English: cellulase) to be the one of enzyme, play living things catalysis when decomposition of cellulose and make With.It is the protein that cellulose decomposition can be become oligosaccharide or monosaccharide.Cellulase is widely present in the organism of nature. Antibacterial, fungus, cellulase can be produced in animal body etc..The cellulase being generally used for producing comes from fungus, compares allusion quotation Type have trichoderma (Trichoderma), aspergillus (Aspergillus) and Penicillium (Penicillium).
Above-mentioned strain is bought from strain market or is cultivated by Guangxi Academy Of Sciences and obtains.
The microorganisms such as the Candida utilis of present invention employing, bacillus subtilis are after one-level is cultivated and two grades are cultivated The fermented bacterium obtained, plays corn straw and vegetable material in good Fermentation, corn straw and vegetable material containing big The cellulose of amount, the microorganism in fermented bacterium utilizes cellulose raw material to produce the fermentation that nutrition increasing is rich during growth and breeding Feedstuff, under the effect of the efficient-decomposition factor, by the crude fibre in corn straw and vegetable material, lignin, passes through biological biochemistry Effect, nonabsorbable for poultry polymeric carbohydrate is changed into low point of carbohydrate of absorbable utilization;Fermentation Multiple beneficial flora in strain can draw poultry in a large number, fowl is difficult by organic nitrogen, inorganic nitrogen, be allowed to change into nutrition Higher bacterium protein;Probiotics in fermented bacterium can produce a large amount of protease, lipase, amylase in fermentation, Cellulolytic enzyme etc., Organic substance complicated in energy degrading plant feedstuff, thus facilitating digestion absorbs, and improves feed conversion Rate;Profitable strain, in poultry the intestines and stomach, enhances immunity, reduces disease and occurs.By using fermented bacterium to corn straw The crude fiber content carrying out microbe conversion process, corn straw and vegetable material with vegetable material reduces at double than azymic, crude protein Content significantly improves than azymic.And in secondary medium, add the stomach slag taken out in herbage juice and cattle and sheep ruminant stomach and stomach Liquid, herbage juice is graminous pasture or leguminous forage, including timothy grass (timothy), orchard grass (orchard grass), June Standing grain (kentucky blue grass), thin wheat, Pennisetum hydridum, Arundo donax grass, fescue grass, Rice dumpling leaf, Herba Setariae Viridis, alfalfa, Herba Trifolii Pratentis, three YEDOU, one or more in Caulis arachidis hypogaeae, vetch and Herba Kummerowiae Striatae, preparation process is by above-mentioned fresh forage pulping Juice, does not filter directly use.
Adding herbage juice can allow microorganism preferably adapt to exist the Semen Maydis of a large amount of crude fibre, lignin in incubation Straw and vegetable material environment, by crude fibre, lignin, by the effect of biological biochemistry, nonabsorbable for poultry macromolecule Carbohydrate-modifying one-tenth can absorb low point of carbohydrate of utilization;Multiple beneficial flora in fermented bacterium can be drawn in a large number Poultry, fowl be difficult by organic nitrogen, inorganic nitrogen, be allowed to change into the bacterium protein that nutrition is higher.Add cattle and sheep to ruminate The stomach slag taken out in stomach and gastric juice can allow fermented bacterium adapt to the psalterial environment of cattle and sheep, make fermented bacterium make during the fermentation Fermentation raw material, closer to cattle and sheep ruminant stomach environment, is not likely to produce the situations such as gastrointestinal upset after cattle and sheep food, it is possible to appetite strengthening, promotees Enter the effect of gastrointestinal peristalsis and secretion.The feedstuff of the present invention passes through ferment in second time, is effectively improved feed efficiency, and palatability Good.
Corn straw is the by-product of corn planting, every the time when autumn turns into winter, and corn straw burns contaminated air often to be become The target of public criticism.Cause a large amount of wastes of resource.The present invention uses corn straw to be that primary raw material carries out ferment in second time production cattle Sheep feedstuff, belongs to the project that turns waste into wealth of wastes of crops recycling, the most externally discharges waste residue, environmental protection;In corn straw Containing substantial amounts of cellulose, during the fermentation, the microorganism in leaven utilizes cellulose raw material during growth and breeding Produce nutrition and increase rich fermented feed, by fermentation after corn straw, crude fibre can degrade, and crude protein can improve, Its nutritive value is improved, the good palatability of cattle and sheep.The cattle and sheep feedstuff that the present invention prepares does not contains chemobiotic Class medicine, safety and environmental protection, utilize corn straw to carry out fermentation preparation cattle and sheep feedstuff, a large amount of celluloses contained in corn straw obtain Having arrived decomposition, crude fiber content reduces, and the crude protein content of feed after fermentation is improved, and improves the agreeable to the taste of corn straw Property, improve digestibility, reduce the cost of feedstuff simultaneously.
The present invention utilizes corn straw to produce cattle and sheep feedstuff for primary raw material ferment in second time, it is achieved that the low one-tenth of corn straw Basis, the comprehensive utilization of non-secondary pollution, do not produce " three wastes " in production process, the comprehensive utilization for corn straw opens one New approach, not only increases the economic benefit of peasant household, also provides substantial amounts of feed resource for animal husbandry, reduce and raise into This, be all extremely important to corn-growing regions, animal husbandry, feedstuff industry and environment sustainable development aspect, tool There is good, the brightest application prospect;To development environment-friendly type, save-grain animal husbandry, it is respectively provided with important meaning.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, being clearly and completely described the technical scheme in invention, described embodiment is only The present invention-part rather than whole embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
Use following processing step can be prepared into the cattle and sheep complete feed of ferment in second time:
(1) corn cob 8 parts, Semen Maydis powder 8 parts, 5 parts of bean dregs, 5 parts of Testa oryzae, fermented bacterium 0.1 part and trace element 0.1 part are taken, first Utilize pulverizer to be pulverized by corn cob, then cultivate carrying out anaerobic fermentation after above-mentioned material mixing 7 days;Obtain premix material, close Seal standby;
(2) corn straw 50 parts and vegetable material 10 parts are taken;Corn straw and vegetable material being cut off and smash, length is less than 3 centimetres, Carry out anaerobic fermentation with premix material after mixing again to cultivate 7 days;I.e. obtain the cattle that the ferment in second time with corn straw as raw material produces Sheep complete feed.
The composition of described trace element and each component parts by weight: 1 part of ferrous sulfate, 1 part of zinc sulfate, calcium oxalate 2 parts, manganese sulfate 1 part.
Described vegetable material include Caulis Sacchari sinensis end pin, Maninot esculenta crantz. stem and leaf, fresh herbage, straw, Caulis et Folium Oryzae, Broussonetia papyrifera, Caulis arachidis hypogaeae and One or more the mixture of weeds.Vegetable material is fresh vegetable material, and i.e. just harvesting obtains, it is impossible to use yellowing, Withered and mouldy vegetable material.
The preparation process of described fermented bacterium is:
(1) first cell culture medium of strain is cultivated: will be commercially available strain and cultivate 1-2 days at 22-35 DEG C with first cell culture medium respectively; Described strain includes that candidiasis, bacillus subtilis, lactic acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria, whiterot fungi, Trichoderma viride, marsh are red Pseudomonas, streptococcus faecalis and cellulase;
The raw material weight mark of described first cell culture medium is: glucose 5%, agar powder 5%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3%, sodium chloride 2%, Ferrous sulfate 1%, zinc sulfate 1%, herbage juice 5%, remaining is the mashed potato boiled;Preparation process is the tune that added water by above-mentioned raw materials Pasty state is become to cook 5-10 minute;Described herbage juice is graminous pasture or leguminous forage, including timothy grass (timothy), open country Thatch (orchard grass), bluegrass (kentucky blue grass), thin wheat, Pennisetum hydridum, Arundo donax grass, fescue grass, Rice dumpling leaf, Canis familiaris L. Tail grass, alfalfa, Herba Trifolii Pratentis, Russian red clover, one or more in Caulis arachidis hypogaeae, vetch and Herba Kummerowiae Striatae, preparation process is Above-mentioned fresh forage is broken into juice, does not filter directly use.
(2) secondary medium of strain is cultivated: after all strains one-level cultivated merge according to equivalent weight ratio, put Inoculate in secondary medium, cultivate 3-5 days at 22-35 DEG C, obtain fermented bacterium;
The raw material weight number of described secondary medium is: 5 parts of brown sugar, Semen Maydis powder 5 parts, 2 parts of sodium chloride, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3 Part, 1 part of ferrous sulfate, 1 part of zinc sulfate, 5 parts of herbage juice, 10 parts of Testa Tritici, the mashed potato boiled 10 parts;Preparation process is by upper State the raw material furnishing pasty state that adds water and cook 5 minutes;Secondary medium adds the stomach slag and stomach taken out from cattle and sheep ruminant stomach after cooking Liquid mix homogeneously, parts by weight are the 1-3% of secondary medium gross weight.
Embodiment 2
Use following processing step can be prepared into the cattle and sheep complete feed of ferment in second time:
(1) corn cob 9 parts, Semen Maydis powder 9 parts, 6 parts of bean dregs, 7 parts of Testa oryzae, fermented bacterium 0.5 part and trace element 0.2 part are taken, first Utilize pulverizer to be pulverized by corn cob, then cultivate carrying out anaerobic fermentation after above-mentioned material mixing 7-15 days;Obtain premix material, Seal standby;
(2) corn straw 65 parts and vegetable material 12 parts are taken;Corn straw and vegetable material being cut off and smash, length is less than 3 centimetres, Carry out anaerobic fermentation with premix material after mixing again to cultivate 10 days;I.e. obtain the cattle that the ferment in second time with corn straw as raw material produces Sheep complete feed.
The composition of described trace element and each component parts by weight: 2 parts of ferrous sulfate, 2 parts of zinc sulfate, calcium oxalate 3 parts, manganese sulfate 3 parts.
Described vegetable material include Caulis Sacchari sinensis end pin, Maninot esculenta crantz. stem and leaf, fresh herbage, straw, Caulis et Folium Oryzae, Broussonetia papyrifera, Caulis arachidis hypogaeae and One or more the mixture of weeds.Vegetable material is fresh vegetable material, and i.e. just harvesting obtains, it is impossible to use yellowing, Withered and mouldy vegetable material.
The preparation process of described fermented bacterium is:
(1) first cell culture medium of strain is cultivated: will be commercially available strain and cultivate 1-2 days at 22-35 DEG C with first cell culture medium respectively; Described strain includes that candidiasis, bacillus subtilis, lactic acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria, whiterot fungi, Trichoderma viride, marsh are red Pseudomonas, streptococcus faecalis and cellulase;
The raw material weight mark of described first cell culture medium is: glucose 6%, agar powder 6%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 4%, sodium chloride 4%, Ferrous sulfate 2%, zinc sulfate 1.5%, herbage juice 7%, remaining is the mashed potato boiled;Preparation process is to be added water by above-mentioned raw materials Furnishing pasty state cooks 5-10 minute;Described herbage juice is graminous pasture or leguminous forage, including timothy grass (timothy), Orchard grass (orchard grass), bluegrass (kentucky blue grass), thin wheat, Pennisetum hydridum, Arundo donax grass, fescue grass, Rice dumpling leaf, Herba Setariae Viridis, alfalfa, Herba Trifolii Pratentis, Russian red clover, one or more in Caulis arachidis hypogaeae, vetch and Herba Kummerowiae Striatae, preparation process It is that above-mentioned fresh forage is broken into juice, does not filter directly use.
(2) secondary medium of strain is cultivated: after all strains one-level cultivated merge according to equivalent weight ratio, put Inoculate in secondary medium, cultivate 3-5 days at 22-35 DEG C, obtain fermented bacterium;
The raw material weight number of described secondary medium is: 6 parts of brown sugar, Semen Maydis powder 6 parts, 3 parts of sodium chloride, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 4 Part, 2 parts of ferrous sulfate, 1.5 parts of zinc sulfate, 8 parts of herbage juice, 13 parts of Testa Tritici, the mashed potato boiled 15 parts;Preparation process be by The above-mentioned raw materials furnishing pasty state that adds water cooks 8 minutes;Secondary medium add after cooking from cattle and sheep ruminant stomach take out stomach slag and Gastric juice mix homogeneously, parts by weight are the 1-3% of secondary medium gross weight.
Embodiment 3
Use following processing step can be prepared into the cattle and sheep complete feed of ferment in second time:
(1) corn cob 10 parts, Semen Maydis powder 10 parts, 8 parts of bean dregs, 8 parts of Testa oryzae, fermented bacterium 1 part and trace element 0.3 part are taken, first Utilize pulverizer to be pulverized by corn cob, then cultivate carrying out anaerobic fermentation after above-mentioned material mixing 15 days;Obtain premix material, close Seal standby;
(2) corn straw 85 parts and vegetable material 15 parts are taken;Corn straw and vegetable material being cut off and smash, length is less than 3 centimetres, Carry out anaerobic fermentation with premix material after mixing again to cultivate 15 days;I.e. obtain the cattle that the ferment in second time with corn straw as raw material produces Sheep complete feed.
The composition of described trace element and each component parts by weight: 5 parts of ferrous sulfate, 4 parts of zinc sulfate, calcium oxalate 5 parts, manganese sulfate 4 parts.
Described vegetable material include Caulis Sacchari sinensis end pin, Maninot esculenta crantz. stem and leaf, fresh herbage, straw, Caulis et Folium Oryzae, Broussonetia papyrifera, Caulis arachidis hypogaeae and One or more the mixture of weeds.Vegetable material is fresh vegetable material, and i.e. just harvesting obtains, it is impossible to use yellowing, Withered and mouldy vegetable material.
The preparation process of described fermented bacterium is:
(1) first cell culture medium of strain is cultivated: will be commercially available strain and cultivate 1-2 days at 22-35 DEG C with first cell culture medium respectively; Described strain includes that candidiasis, bacillus subtilis, lactic acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria, whiterot fungi, Trichoderma viride, marsh are red Pseudomonas, streptococcus faecalis and cellulase;
The raw material weight mark of described first cell culture medium is: glucose 8%, agar powder 8%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 5%, sodium chloride 5%, Ferrous sulfate 3%, zinc sulfate 2%, herbage juice 10%, remaining is the mashed potato boiled;Preparation process is the tune that added water by above-mentioned raw materials Pasty state is become to cook 5-10 minute;Described herbage juice is graminous pasture or leguminous forage, including timothy grass (timothy), open country Thatch (orchard grass), bluegrass (kentucky blue grass), thin wheat, Pennisetum hydridum, Arundo donax grass, fescue grass, Rice dumpling leaf, Canis familiaris L. Tail grass, alfalfa, Herba Trifolii Pratentis, Russian red clover, one or more in Caulis arachidis hypogaeae, vetch and Herba Kummerowiae Striatae, preparation process is Above-mentioned fresh forage is broken into juice, does not filter directly use.
(2) secondary medium of strain is cultivated: after all strains one-level cultivated merge according to equivalent weight ratio, put Inoculate in secondary medium, cultivate 3-5 days at 22-35 DEG C, obtain fermented bacterium;
The raw material weight number of described secondary medium is: 8 parts of brown sugar, Semen Maydis powder 8 parts, 5 parts of sodium chloride, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 5 Part, 3 parts of ferrous sulfate, 2 parts of zinc sulfate, 10 parts of herbage juice, 15 parts of Testa Tritici, the mashed potato boiled 20 parts;Preparation process be by The above-mentioned raw materials furnishing pasty state that adds water cooks 10 minutes;Secondary medium add after cooking from cattle and sheep ruminant stomach take out stomach slag and Gastric juice mix homogeneously, parts by weight are the 1-3% of secondary medium gross weight.
Feeding experiment:
(1) test material
Test group: feedstuff obtained in selection embodiment:
Matched group: conventional corn stover silage stalk feed, is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight: corn stalk ensiling 55 parts, fresh Beer residue 10 parts, concentrate 30 parts, 5 parts of molasses, Caulis et Folium Oryzae 10 parts.
For examination sheep: kind is boer goat, body weight about 25 kilograms, quantity 50.
(2) test method
50 boer goats are randomly divided into 2 groups, often 25 sheep of group.
Test group and matched group measure original body mass respectively, and experiment terminates to measure body weight in latter stage, record feed consumption, send out Sick rate, calculates average daily gain and feedstuff-meat ratio, is free choice feeding, l00 days experimental period.
(3) experimental result
Initial counterpoise (kg) End of term counterpoise (kg) Feed consumption weightening finish ratio Sickness rate (%)
Matched group 25.5 34.45 8.26:1 23
Test group 25.3 36.82 6.88:1 2
.Result of the test shows, corn straw fermentation crude fibre and crude protein can be converted, replace Silage Corn Straw with it It is feasible for feeding sheep, is possible not only to reach sheep preferable daily gain effect, it is ensured that the healthy growth of meat sheep, and can save and raise Material feeding volume and saving store fodder store and take, and reduce feeding cost, shorten feeding time, achieve significantly economy effect Benefit.Test group is compared with matched group, and the sheep speed of weight increment of edible feedstuff of the present invention is very fast, and sick rate is low, and the spiritual shape of sheep State is fine, likes the feedstuff of the edible present invention, and Carnis caprae seu ovis quality is significantly better than matched group.
Application Example
1, Guangxi animal husbandry company limited, utilizes the cattle complete feed that the secondary fermentation and production method of the present invention obtains, feeds the summer Nan Niu, feeds three times every day by 50, and original body weight is average out to 150.52 kilograms, and after feeding 100 days, average weight is 286 public affairs Jin, without chemical drugs in feeding process, since feeding more than a year, cattle did not occurred getting angry and other gastroenteropathy, cattle stomach Mouth is good.And utilize cattle complete feed conventional on market, and feeding every day three times, original body weight is average out to 151.25 kilograms, raises After feeding 100 days, average weight is 266.1 kilograms, and in feeding process, getting angry easily occurs in cattle, cattle poor appetite.
Described above is not limitation of the present invention, and the present invention is also not limited to examples detailed above, the art general Logical technical staff, in the essential scope of the present invention, the change made, retrofits, adds or replaces, should belong to the guarantor of the present invention Protect scope.

Claims (6)

1. the method producing cattle and sheep complete feed with corn straw for raw material ferment in second time, it is characterised in that: it includes following heavy The raw material of amount number is made:
Corn straw 50-85 part;
Vegetable material 10-15 part;
Corn cob 8-10 part;
Semen Maydis powder 8-10 part;
Bean dregs 5-8 part;
Testa oryzae 5-8 part;
Fermented bacterium 0.1-1 part;
Trace element 0.1-0.3 part;
Described vegetable material includes Caulis Sacchari sinensis end pin, Maninot esculenta crantz. stem and leaf, fresh herbage, straw, Caulis et Folium Oryzae, Broussonetia papyrifera, Caulis arachidis hypogaeae and weeds One or more mixture.
The method producing cattle and sheep complete feed for raw material ferment in second time with corn straw the most according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be: the preparation process of described fermented bacterium is:
(1) first cell culture medium of strain is cultivated: will be commercially available strain and cultivate 1-2 days at 22-35 DEG C with first cell culture medium respectively; Described strain includes that candidiasis, bacillus subtilis, lactic acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria, whiterot fungi, Trichoderma viride, marsh are red Pseudomonas, streptococcus faecalis and cellulase;
The raw material weight mark of described first cell culture medium is: glucose 5-8%, agar powder 5-8%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3-5%, chlorine Changing sodium 2-5%, ferrous sulfate 1-3%, zinc sulfate 1-2%, herbage juice 5-10%, remaining is the mashed potato boiled;Preparation process is The furnishing pasty state that added water by above-mentioned raw materials cooks 5-10 minute;
(2) secondary medium of strain is cultivated: after all strains one-level cultivated merge according to equivalent weight ratio, be put into two Level inoculation of medium, cultivates 3-5 days at 22-35 DEG C, obtains fermented bacterium;
The raw material weight number of described secondary medium is: brown sugar 5-8 part, Semen Maydis powder 5-8 part, sodium chloride 2-5 part, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen potassium 3-5 part, ferrous sulfate 1-3 part, zinc sulfate 1-2 part, herbage juice 5-10 part, Testa Tritici 10-15 part, the mashed potato boiled 10-20 part;Preparation process is that the furnishing pasty state that added water by above-mentioned raw materials cooks 5-10 minute;Secondary medium adds from cattle after cooking The stomach slag taken out in sheep ruminant stomach and gastric juice mix homogeneously, parts by weight are the 1-3% of secondary medium gross weight.
The method producing cattle and sheep complete feed for raw material ferment in second time with corn straw the most according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be: described is that raw material ferment in second time produces the process of cattle and sheep complete feed and is with corn straw:
(1) corn cob 8-10 part, Semen Maydis powder 8-10 part, bean dregs 5-8 part, Testa oryzae 5-8 part, fermented bacterium 0.1-1 part and trace are taken Element 0.1-0.3 part, pulverizes corn cob first with pulverizer, then cultivates 7-by carrying out anaerobic fermentation after above-mentioned material mixing 15 days;Obtain premix material, seal standby;
(2) corn straw 50-85 part and vegetable material 10-15 part are taken;Corn straw and vegetable material being cut off and smash, length is less than 3 centimetres, then carry out anaerobic fermentation after mixing with premix material and cultivate 7-15 days;The cattle and sheep full price i.e. obtaining ferment in second time production is raised Material.
4. according to the method producing cattle and sheep complete feed for raw material ferment in second time with corn straw described in claim 1 or 3, its Be characterised by: the composition of described trace element and each component parts by weight: ferrous sulfate 1-5 part, zinc sulfate 1-4 part, Calcium oxalate 2-5 part, manganese sulfate 1-4 part.
The method producing cattle and sheep complete feed for raw material ferment in second time with corn straw the most according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be: described herbage juice is graminous pasture or leguminous forage, including timothy grass (timothy), orchard grass (orchard Grass), bluegrass (kentucky blue grass), thin wheat, Pennisetum hydridum, Arundo donax grass, fescue grass, Rice dumpling leaf, Herba Setariae Viridis, purple lucerne Mu, Herba Trifolii Pratentis, Russian red clover, one or more in Caulis arachidis hypogaeae, vetch and Herba Kummerowiae Striatae, preparation process is by above-mentioned fresh Forage breaks into juice, does not filter directly use.
6. the cattle obtained by the method producing cattle and sheep complete feed with corn straw for raw material ferment in second time described in claim 1 Sheep complete feed product.
CN201610610194.6A 2016-07-29 2016-07-29 The method producing cattle and sheep complete feed for raw material ferment in second time with corn straw Withdrawn CN106173364A (en)

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CN106819491A (en) * 2017-04-07 2017-06-13 山东省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 A kind of complete stool viridescent corn particle feed production method
CN107095008A (en) * 2017-04-05 2017-08-29 新疆农业职业技术学院 A kind of Quality Protein Maize core feed and preparation method thereof
CN107455578A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-12 广西贵港市宏利生物能源科技有限公司 The method that cattle and sheep ensilage is produced using waste vegetable leaves as raw material
CN108770993A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-11-09 广西开田三农科技有限责任公司 A kind of preparation method of polypeptide feed
CN109362614A (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-02-22 段青文 Grouper class yellow muscle is set to bleach the method for color muscle
CN110637925A (en) * 2018-06-27 2020-01-03 无锡三智生物科技有限公司 Preparation process of fermentation microbial inoculum for fermenting feed
CN112956593A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-06-15 广西娃念妈农产品有限公司 Animal feed taking straw millettia speciosa champ as main material and preparation method thereof

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CN1785033A (en) * 2005-12-16 2006-06-14 曹明军 Method for producing stalk biological granulated forage
CN102987140A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-03-27 张有聪 Method for preparing novel ruminant feed by using beneficial bacteria and plant fiber
CN105685486A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-22 刘健 Preparation method of natural high-fiber odorless cattle and sheep feed

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1785033A (en) * 2005-12-16 2006-06-14 曹明军 Method for producing stalk biological granulated forage
CN102987140A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-03-27 张有聪 Method for preparing novel ruminant feed by using beneficial bacteria and plant fiber
CN105685486A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-22 刘健 Preparation method of natural high-fiber odorless cattle and sheep feed

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107095008A (en) * 2017-04-05 2017-08-29 新疆农业职业技术学院 A kind of Quality Protein Maize core feed and preparation method thereof
CN106819491A (en) * 2017-04-07 2017-06-13 山东省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 A kind of complete stool viridescent corn particle feed production method
CN107455578A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-12 广西贵港市宏利生物能源科技有限公司 The method that cattle and sheep ensilage is produced using waste vegetable leaves as raw material
CN108770993A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-11-09 广西开田三农科技有限责任公司 A kind of preparation method of polypeptide feed
CN110637925A (en) * 2018-06-27 2020-01-03 无锡三智生物科技有限公司 Preparation process of fermentation microbial inoculum for fermenting feed
CN109362614A (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-02-22 段青文 Grouper class yellow muscle is set to bleach the method for color muscle
CN112956593A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-06-15 广西娃念妈农产品有限公司 Animal feed taking straw millettia speciosa champ as main material and preparation method thereof

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