CN107278576A - A kind of plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional - Google Patents

A kind of plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107278576A
CN107278576A CN201710581622.1A CN201710581622A CN107278576A CN 107278576 A CN107278576 A CN 107278576A CN 201710581622 A CN201710581622 A CN 201710581622A CN 107278576 A CN107278576 A CN 107278576A
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rice
plantation
water
ridge
plant
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CN107278576B (en
Inventor
陈光辉
陈奕晨
张年龙
汪威力
余想女
龚灿
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Huangshan City Multidimensional Biological (group) Co Ltd
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Huangshan City Multidimensional Biological (group) Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional, comprise the following steps:The transformation in step (1) rice field;Step (2) is anti-escape, ingests, perch Facilities Construction;Step (3) is sterilized;Step (4) is planted;Step (5) is cultivated;Step (6) bakes field;Step (7) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control.The present invention carries out three-dimensional mixing breeding using the higher biology of a variety of added values in traditional single agriculture as the foundation of the economy, traditional single agricultural planting aquaculture model and method rising, transition, the production and operation to the small ecosystem of structure benign cycle, form novel multi-vitamin ecological agricultural model, a series of problems, such as paddy pesticide, chemical fertilizer problem, herbicide problem, waste utilization problem and rice agriculture increase income difficulty is solved the problems, such as by this pattern and method, realizes that agricultural makes the transition to Green Transformation, to efficient.

Description

A kind of plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional.
Background technology
Traditional, backward, poorly efficient, single agricultural planting, aquaculture model or simple several biological three-dimensional mixing Plantation, aquaculture model they all can not be from source, system problem, fundamentally solve the problems, such as that agricultural chemicals, chemical fertilizer problem, herbicide are asked A series of problems, such as topic, waste pollution problem, food-safety problem and increasing peasant income are difficult, causes ecological system degradation increasingly difficult Difficulty, extreme climate is increasingly frequent, is referred to as rural economy, rural development and rural demography;And the single agriculture plantation of tradition, cultural method and pattern can not be created Make the good environment and condition of oneself suitable growth, it is also difficult to meet the hundreds of millions of Chinese people masses to green environment, food high-quality, safety Organic constantly demand, it is obvious that agriculture old road is passless.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional, utilize a variety of by this pattern The higher biological field solid that carries out of added value mixes breeding, and the single agricultural of tradition or simple three-dimensional agriculture are planted aquaculture model Rise with method, the production and operation for building the small ecosystem of benign cycle are arrived in transition, form novel multi-vitamin ecological agricultural model, lead to Cross three-dimensional mixing breeding and form biological multidimensional combination using the crosspoint of a variety of biological reciprocations generation solution agricultural problems Technology, solves the problems, such as that paddy pesticide, chemical fertilizer problem, herbicide problem, waste utilization are asked simultaneously by this pattern and method A series of problems, such as increasing income difficulty with rice agriculture is inscribed, realizes that agricultural makes the transition to Green Transformation, to efficient.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:A kind of plantation cultivation mould in the ecological rice field of multidimensional Formula, comprises the following steps:
Step (1), the transformation in rice field:" day " font is dug out in rice field surrounding and plantation field or sphere of movements for the elephants shape raises ditch Canal;
Step (2), it is anti-escape, ingest, perch Facilities Construction:Anti-escape isolation strip is built on the inside of along ridge, in rice field drainage Mouth sets separation net;And setting is ingested, perches facility in raising irrigation canals and ditches;
Step (3), sterilization:Within plantation cultivation the last week, plantation field and raising irrigation canals and ditches are carried out disinfection with quick lime;
Step (4), plantation:Rice cultivation, i.e. rice transplanting on plantation field in rice field:Using large-ridge double-row transplanting mode Plant rice shoot;Plantation can prevent and treat the plant of pest and disease damage on the surrounding ridge of rice field, constitute pest control isolation strip;Raising irrigation canals and ditches The interior aquatic industrial crops of plantation;
Step (5), cultivation:In step (4), the rice transplanting terminated in 15 days, and aquatic biological is put in a suitable place to breed raising in irrigation canals and ditches, walked Suddenly the plant with economic value of growing environment needed for the aquatic industrial crops selection described in (4) can provide aquatic biological;
Step (6), roasting field:Field is baked in the tillering stage of per season paddy rice once, and when baking field, water level is down to the field of plantation field Face is just surfaced, and treats to fall into pin in the middle of the face of field, Tian Bianbiao soil not crack, turn white, the whiting of paddy rice floating root terminates roasting field, exists side by side Water level is brought up into raw water position;Cleared up during roasting field raising irrigation canals and ditches, and exchange new water;
Step (7), insect pest preventing and controlling:Early stage is planted, is driven by the plant for the preventing and treating pest and disease damage planted on the surrounding ridge of rice field Worm;During plantation, in the event of leaf roll borer pest, then with the plants configuration for the preventing and treating pest and disease damage planted on the surrounding ridge of rice field Sprayed into medicament;
Step (8), the plantation for phase of lying fallow:Lying fallow the phase after rice harvesting is complete, plants economic crops on plantation field;Should Industrial crops select the plant with economic value that can be used for raising aquatic biological or fertile rice field;
Based on step (4) plant described in the paddy rice planted on field, can preventing of planting on the surrounding ridge of rice field cure the disease Aquatic industrial crops of plantation in the plant of insect pest, irrigation canals and ditches, raise described in step (5) cultivation put in a suitable place to breed in irrigation canals and ditches aquatic biological and The benign cross influence effect that step (8) is lain fallow between the industrial crops planted on phase field, builds one and is applied to rice field Circulate benignly ecologic breeding implant system.
Further, in step (4) plantation, the new chrysanthemum rice varieties of paddy rice selection Mr. Wang Baozeng et al. invention Or the hybrid paddy rice of Academician YUAN Long-ping, spacing in the rows is small line space 18-25cm, big line space 35-45cm.
Further, 1 base manure is applied before rice transplanting, spraying fertilizer 2 times during plantation, the 1st after planting 7 days, the 2nd Secondary after planting the 30th~35 day.
Further, in the transformation in step (1) rice field, a side is excavated raising a corner of the irrigation canals and ditches positioned at rice field Shape soft-shelled turtle slips, and the area that raising irrigation canals and ditches and soft-shelled turtle slip accounts for the 10%~12% of the rice field gross area altogether, raises 0.8~1.0m of ditch width of the channel, depth 0.6~0.8m, soft-shelled turtle slips long 4~6m, wide 3~5m, depth 1.2m;Rice field surrounding ridge is increased, reinforced, the high 50cm in the ridge, wide 30cm, and It is slope to ensure ridge to be higher by the inside of water surface 30cm, and ridge;
Step (2) it is anti-escape, ingest, perch in Facilities Construction, escaping-preventing facilities construction is to be protected along on the inside of ridge with iron sheet Net builds anti-escape isolation strip, is specially that iron sheet is embedded into 20-25cm in ridge soil, basset more than 50cm, then with wood Stake is being fixed at 90~100cm, and the anti-escape isolation strip at rice field corner turning is curved;Ingest, perch facility and build If being specially to place one piece of plank or asbestos shingle raising irrigation canals and ditches every 10m or so places, the wide 0.6~0.8m of plank, long by 1.5~ 1.8m, one end is fixed on ridge, and the other end submerges 15cm or so in water;
In step (4) plantation, castor-oil plant or calamus are planted on the surrounding ridge of rice field, castor-oil plant is sowed in spring and is advisable with early April, adopted Planted with cave dibbling is dug, every bunch planting kind 3, depth of planting is advisable with 5cm, 80~100cm of line-spacing;When soil glues important place block earthing It should not suppress;Wild rice stem is planted in the raising irrigation canals and ditches of rice field surrounding, planting proportion is mu kind 120, and the implantation methods of wild rice stem are: When mid or late March weather gets warm again after a cold spell, the small pier of wild rice stem seedling is dug out, plant division of being rived with scraper is sound according to 3~5 every plant during plant division Suckering plant, the requirement that each suckering plant has 3~4 blades is cut, and tiller bud and new root can not be damaged during cutting;During field planting Should be with lifting, with plant division, with field planting;Size line-spacing is taken to cultivate, small 60~70cm of line-spacing, 80~90cm of wide row space, spacing in the rows 50 ~60cm, the depth of plant is typically buried in the earth 10cm with old root;
In step (5) cultivation:Aquatic biological selects soft-shelled turtle kind, cray, and stocking size is:50~300 tails of soft-shelled turtle/mu are small Lobster 500-1000 tails/mu;Soft-shelled turtle kind, cray selection physique healthy and strong, health are without sick and wounded, energy is strong, uniform specification seed Enter and raise irrigation canals and ditches, and soak seed 10~15 minutes with 15~20 mg/litre liquor potassic permanganates before putting in a suitable place to breed;Raised Cheng Zhong, bait feeding strictly observes four and determines principle, feeds daily 2 times, and Feeding time is respectively in the morning 9~10 point, afternoon 4~5 Point, specific feeding volume was eaten up with 1.5 hours or so depending on same day situation, typically and is advisable, in feeding process, can raise irrigation canals and ditches The live baits such as interior some river snails of dispensing, fish and shrimp are edible for soft-shelled turtle kind;
In step (7) insect pest preventing and controlling, when occurring leaf roll borer pest, the castor-oil plant or calamus planted using rice field ridge are configured Herbal mediciment is prevented and treated, prevention and controls:A, castor leaf are spread on field or transplant castor-oil plant in ridge, to trap and kill chafer;b、 After castor leaf 10kg is mashed, add water 10kg, is filtered into stoste, is sprayed after the 3-4kg that added water per kg stostes;C, castor bean benevolence are smash Into pasty state, the 1kg that adds water is mixed well, and is separately added soap 60g, is slowly added into castor bean benevolence water, side edged is stirred, 100- is added water after mixing well Sprayed after 150kg, to prevent and treat scarabs and various aphids;D, calamus 1kg, are mashed, and add water 2kg, is cooked into stoste, Per kilogram stoste is added water and sprayed after 6kg, and every mu is used 40-50kg;H deionized water spray, sprinkling are used if there is rice blast Method:Sprayed once every 7-10 days.
Further, in step (5) cultivation:Animal waterborne also includes crucian, and crucian selects small crucian fry, and it delivers density For:Small crucian 600-1000 tails/mu.
Further, step (8) lie fallow the phase plantation in, rye grass, rye grass implantation methods are planted after rice harvesting: Processing is carried out to plantation field first and ensures that its is smooth without large clod, then is sowed by the way of drilling, application rate is every Mu 1.5kg or so seed;Sowing time, first with Seed soaking 2 to 4 hours, to improve emerge, planting percent.
Further, in the transformation in step (1) rice field, raising irrigation canals and ditches includes the four road ditches that rice field surrounding is excavated, field The ditch excavated, the wide 50-100cm in ditch, deep 80cm;Field furrow width 80cm, deep 30cm;Five bar ditch account for the rice field gross area 5% or so;Rice field surrounding ridge is increased, reinforced, the high 50cm in the ridge, wide 30cm, and ensures that ridge will be higher by water surface 30cm, and ridge Inner side is slope;
Step (2) it is anti-escape, ingest, perch in Facilities Construction, escaping-preventing facilities construction is to use black polythene net on the inside of ridge Piece, which is blocked, constitutes anti-escape isolation strip, and the bottom of net is buried in the earth 20-30cm;It is specially to raise ditch to ingest, perch Facilities Construction A small puddle is excavated at four angles that canal is located at rice field respectively, and each puddle area is to be placed in 2-3 ㎡, deep 80-100cm, hole A small amount of pasture and water and one block of cystosepiment;The separation net that rice field drainage mouthful is set is thickness crow's-foot;
In step (4) plantation, castor-oil plant, calamus or tomato are planted on the surrounding ridge of rice field, castor-oil plant was sowed in spring with early April It is advisable, is planted using cave dibbling is dug, every bunch planting kind 3, depth of planting is advisable with 5cm, 80~100cm of line-spacing;Soil glues important place It should not be suppressed during block earthing;
In step (5) cultivation:The imperial loach in aquatic biological selection Taiwan, Rana nigromaculata, small crucian, are raised together with, stocking size is: Frog selects froglet, and loach length 3cm sizes, crucian selects seedling, and configuration density is:/ mu of froglet about 600, the tail of loach 1200/ Mu, small crucian 600-1000 tails/mu;In breeding process, water quality need to be controlled, keep the water surface to be higher by paddy rice 10-30cm left The right side, if rice field ditch discharged water at interval of 5 days without circulating water and changes water once, keeps water quality fresh and alive;It is Taiwan dragon loach, Rana nigromaculata, small When crucian is put in a suitable place to breed, carried out disinfection with EM bacterium;
In step (7) insect pest preventing and controlling, when occurring leaf roll borer pest, the castor-oil plant or calamus planted using rice field ridge are configured Herbal mediciment is prevented and treated, prevention and controls:A, castor leaf are spread on field or transplant castor-oil plant in ridge, to trap and kill chafer;b、 After castor leaf 10kg is mashed, add water 10kg, is filtered into stoste, is sprayed after the 3-4kg that added water per kg stostes;C, castor bean benevolence are smash Into pasty state, the 1kg that adds water is mixed well, and is separately added soap 60g, is slowly added into castor bean benevolence water, side edged is stirred, 100- is added water after mixing well Sprayed after 150kg, to prevent and treat scarabs and various aphids;D, calamus 1kg, are mashed, and add water 2kg, is cooked into stoste, Per kilogram stoste is added water and sprayed after 6kg, and every mu is used 40-50kg;H deionized water spray, sprinkling are used if there is rice blast Method:Sprayed once every 7-10 days.
Further, step (8) lie fallow the phase plantation in, rape is first planted after rice harvesting, when rape grows to 60- After 70cm, alfalfa seed is sprinkled.
Progressive one, the plantation aquaculture model in this multidimensional ecology rice field, which is additionally included in the transformation of step (1) rice field, to be dug out The tractor road that two ends are connected with rice field ridge, plantation field respectively.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:Using biological multidimensional combination technique configured in rice field chrysanthemum rice, wild rice stem, soft-shelled turtle, Lobster, crucian, H ionized waters, rye grass, castor-oil plant or calamus and annular ditch, guard rail etc. constitute the small biosphere ecosystem, shape Into multiform ecology agriculture rice turtle shrimp medicinal herbs plant breeding model, more strengthened using a variety of biological crosspoints and life assemblage formation function Big this pattern of the small biosphere ecosystem and method can solve the problems, such as agricultural chemicals simultaneously, chemical fertilizer problem, herbicide problem, useless The problems such as gurry pollution problem and difficult increasing peasant income.
Chrysanthemum rice and a certain proportion of crucian, loach, green grass or young crops are configured in rice field using biological multidimensional combination technique is artificial The frog, rape, alfalfa, H ionized waters, calamus or castor-oil plant and ditch and hole etc. constitute the small biosphere ecosystem, form multidimensional Ecological agriculture rice frog loach fish medicine fertilizer plant breeding model, utilizes more powerful small in a variety of biological crosspoints and life assemblage formation function The biosphere ecosystem, this pattern and method can solve the problems, such as agricultural chemicals, chemical fertilizer problem, herbicide problem, discarded object simultaneously The problems such as pollution problem and difficult increasing peasant income.
The present invention can realize that agricultural performance, ecological benefits, social benefit three comprehensive benefit are imitated compared with traditional agriculture Beneficial bigizationner, the output capacity and abundant living resources utilization rate of the maximum land resource in rural area are improved with this.
Below with reference to drawings and examples, the present invention is described in detail.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of paddy field structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the cross section structure schematic diagram of raising irrigation canals and ditches in Fig. 1 of the present invention.
Embodiment
With reference to existing rural economy, rural development and rural demography carry out it is multidisciplinary, multi-field, multi-level, it is a variety of circulation Study of way generate it is multidirectional Thinking, forms multidimensional;Then using " single traditional agriculture pattern --- rising to small ecosystem agricultural Model --- forms many The system engineering upgrade version of function systemic circulation agricultural Model " carrys out resolving three rural isssues, thus produces multiform ecology agriculture.
Knowledge and experience accumulation over more than 30 years, we have concentrated the multidisciplinary expert professor of 100 multidigits with the people's Invention, creation, experience and wisdom, break traditions the single of agricultural, carries out the research and experiment of a variety of three-dimensional mixing plant breeding models, Again be Chinese cowboying, pig, sheep raising, the design mu income such as the peasant breeded fish and mushroom grower, rice agriculture, tea grower reach 5000- More than 10000 yuan of even tens of thousands of members various news green, high effective model, allow Chinese agriculture Zou Yitiaoxin roads, Zou Yitiaohao roads. We are persevering for many years constantly adheres to exploration practice, and the maximum crosspoint for therefrom finding rural economy, rural development and rural demography is that the careless problem of woods is (tall Shrub abbreviation woods grass), we are the careless problem of woods complicated agricultural system question simplification, and the careless problem of woods is then carried out system Change, embody and correlation research, (biology having has many reciprocation for finding using bio-diversity and its exceptional function Plant function) one or more agricultural system problems can be solved, referred to as biological crosspoint;We are by big data more than 200 ten thousand Carried out in kind biological it is selected, preferably, the biological product that filter out suitable traditional single Agricultural Three-dimensional mixed planting, cultivate upgrading Kind, these biologies for meeting novel solid mixing plant breeding model must be while can solve the problem that agricultural chemicals problem, chemical fertilizer problem, herbicide The problems such as problem, waste pollution, and every kind of biology of the three-dimensional mixing breeding of progress will have good economic benefit, can The living environment and ecological niche of a variety of biocenosis mutual assistances are created, this process is extremely arduous, and we make great efforts exploration and use 200 always Many ten thousand kinds of biological parts go to attempt to solve 31 main rural economy, rural development and rural demography, substantially reduce us in agriculture-countryside-farmer's system problem is solved Difficulty.
The present invention uses agricultural systems engineering method, is entered by multidisciplinary, multi-field, multi-level, number of ways circulation etc. OK《Life assemblage》New problem height, depth, the further investigation of range, by exploring, testing, demonstrate, practice summary is obtained Many successful experiences, it is thus regarded that optimization life assemblage is a profound knowledge.If Sweden botanist, Bel's prize winner's card How (- 1778 years 1707) have innovated taxonomy to your woods, and today, we needed to create a kind of new《Life assemblage》, Because the emergence of Chinese agriculture needs《Life assemblage》, the restoration of the ecosystem needs of terrestrial ecosystem《Life assemblage》, this Invention has innovated a kind of technology therein merely by the biological three-dimensional mixing plant breeding model of research --- biological multidimensional group Conjunction technology.By new technology, the biological chain of Novel planting, aquaculture model is then recycled to bottom, discarded object and is recycled to bottom, industry Chain is recycled to the multi-functional systemic circulation agricultural that bottom forms tertiary industry fusion, this to realize economic benefit, ecological benefits, society's effect Beneficial three's comprehensive benefit compared with the Novel planting, aquaculture model that traditional agriculture benefit bigizationner develops we that it is called multidimensional is ecological Agricultural.
The present invention is in addition to using agriculture new method, new technology, new model difference, also one more different point:It is many It is " green agriculture, organic agriculture, existing that what the dimension ecological agriculture was wanted to solve is an agricultural systems engineering problem, popular at present Generation agricultural, the ecological agriculture, circular agriculture, leisure agriculture, wisdom agricultural, field synthesis, tertiary industry merge " etc. formulation call be A part or one side for agricultural system is paid close attention to, covered, wants really to solve the problems, such as Agro-ecological System and the peasant of complexity Social groups' problem system problem that intertexture is got up jointly, it is necessary to which a kind of agriculture new model is created using the method for system engineering.
Embodiment 1, a kind of plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional as illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, it is characterised in that:Including Following steps:
Step (1), the transformation in rice field:" day " font is dug out in rice field surrounding and plantation field 1 or sphere of movements for the elephants shape is raised Irrigation canals and ditches 2;
Step (2), it is anti-escape, ingest, perch Facilities Construction:Anti-escape isolation strip 6 is built along the inner side of ridge 3, enters in rice field, arrange The mouth of a river sets separation net;And setting is ingested, perches facility in raising irrigation canals and ditches 2;
Step (3), sterilization:Within plantation cultivation the last week, plantation field 1 and raising irrigation canals and ditches 2 are disappeared with quick lime Poison;
Step (4), plantation:Rice cultivation, i.e. rice transplanting on plantation field 1 in rice field:Mould is planted using large-ridge double-row Formula plants rice shoot;Plantation can prevent and treat the plant of pest and disease damage on rice field surrounding ridge 3, constitute pest control isolation strip;Raising The aquatic industrial crops of plantation in irrigation canals and ditches 2;
Step (5), cultivation:In step (4), the rice transplanting terminated in 15 days, and aquatic biological is put in a suitable place to breed raising in irrigation canals and ditches 2, walked Suddenly the plant with economic value of growing environment needed for the aquatic industrial crops selection described in (4) can provide aquatic biological;
Step (6), roasting field:Field is baked in the tillering stage of per season paddy rice once, and when baking field, water level is down to plantation field 1 Field face is just surfaced, and treats to fall into pin in the middle of the face of field, Tian Bianbiao soil not crack, turn white, the whiting of paddy rice floating root terminates roasting field, and Water level is brought up into raw water position immediately;Cleared up during roasting field raising irrigation canals and ditches 2, and exchange new water;
Step (7), insect pest preventing and controlling:Early stage is planted, is driven by the plant for the preventing and treating pest and disease damage planted on rice field surrounding ridge 3 Worm;During plantation, in the event of leaf roll borer pest, then matched somebody with somebody with the plant for the preventing and treating pest and disease damage planted on rice field surrounding ridge 3 Medicament is set to be sprayed;
Step (8), the plantation for phase of lying fallow:Lying fallow the phase after rice harvesting is complete, plants economic crops on plantation field 1; The industrial crops select the plant with economic value that can be used for raising aquatic biological or fertile rice field;
Based on step (4) plant described in the paddy rice planted on field, can preventing of planting on rice field surrounding ridge 3 cure the disease Raised described in the interior aquatic industrial crops planted of the plant of insect pest, irrigation canals and ditches, step (5) cultivation in irrigation canals and ditches 2 and put aquatic biological in a suitable place to breed And step (8) is lain fallow the benign cross influence effect between the industrial crops planted on phase field, is built one and is applied to rice field Benign cycle ecologic breeding implant system.
The plantation aquaculture model in this multidimensional ecology rice field, which is additionally included in the transformation of step (1) rice field, digs out two ends respectively and rice The connected tractor road 5 of field ridge 3, plantation field 1.
A kind of embodiment 2, the plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional as illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, is combined by biological multidimensional Technology configures chrysanthemum rice, wild rice stem, soft-shelled turtle, lobster, crucian, H ionized waters, rye grass, castor-oil plant or calamus and ring in rice field Shape ditch etc. constitutes the small biosphere ecosystem, forms multiform ecology agriculture rice turtle shrimp medicinal herbs plant breeding model.The pattern of embodiment 2 Biological multidimensional combination technique and method:Utilize a variety of biological crosspoints and the more powerful small biosphere of life assemblage formation function The ecosystem, can system solve the problems, such as agricultural chemicals, chemical fertilizer problem, herbicide problem, waste pollution problem and increasing peasant income Difficult the problems such as.
First, rice field is transformed
Annular soft-shelled turtle ditch is excavated along the inner side surrounding of rice field ridge 3, and a square soft-shelled turtle is excavated in one, rice field corner and is slipped 4, for Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, cray provide activity, look for food, cold-proof place of avoiding heat.The area that soft-shelled turtle ditch, soft-shelled turtle slip 4 accounts for the rice field gross area 10%~12%, 0.8~1.0m of soft-shelled turtle furrow width, deep 0.6~0.8m, soft-shelled turtle slip 4 4~6m of length, wide 3~5m, depth 1.2m.
2nd, it is anti-escape, ingest, perch Facilities Construction
Anti-escape isolation strip 6 is built using iron sheet protection network along the inner side of ridge 3, method is that iron sheet is embedded in the soil of ridge 3 20-25cm, basset more than 50cm, is then being fixed with timber at 90~100cm.To prevent Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, cray Flight is climbed out of along angle, the anti-escape isolation strip 6 at rice field corner turning will do camber.Rice field drainage mouthful uses thickness iron bar Net is sealed, and coarse net blocks branch rubbish, and fine-structure mesh prevents natural enemy from entering interior.
According to Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, the habit of cray, one piece of plank or asbestos shingle, work need to be placed every 10 meters or so in soft-shelled turtle ditch Platform and bait table are carried on the back for the solarization of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, cray.Wide 0.6~the 0.8m of plank, long 1.5~1.8m, one end are fixed on the ridge, separately 15cm or so in water is submerged in one end.
3rd, variety selection and production management
The bright new chrysanthemum rice varieties (" sorghum * paddy rice ") of preferably Wang treasured additional issue of the invention.New varieties premunition is strong, anti- Lodging, tiller is strong, in good taste, the maturity period is slightly longer, be of high nutritive value, market kind salable.Therefore, special chrysanthemum rice product Kind, plantation chrysanthemum rice plants technology using large-ridge double-row, and spacing in the rows is small line space 18-25cm, big line space 35-45cm, just Creeped in soft-shelled turtle, cray in paddy rice.Plantation castor-oil plant or calamus on the inside of the anti-escape column surrounding of rice field annular, castor-oil plant were sowed in spring with April The first tenday period of a month are advisable, general using excavated by manual work cave dibbling, every bunch planting kind 3, and depth of planting is advisable with 5cm, 80~100cm of line-spacing.Soil Earth should not be suppressed when gluing important place block earthing.Wild rice stem is planted in annular ditch, surrounding annular ditch mu plants 120, the plantation side of wild rice stem Method:When mid or late March weather gets warm again after a cold spell, the small pier of wild rice stem rice shoot is dug out, plant division of being rived with scraper.By every plant of 3~5 sound tillers Seedling, the requirement that each suckering plant has 3~4 blades is cut, and tiller bud and new root can not be damaged during cutting.Should be with during field planting Lifting, with plant division, with field planting.Size line-spacing is taken to cultivate, small 60~70 centimetres of line-spacing, 80~90 centimetres of wide row space, spacing in the rows 50 ~60 centimetres, the depth of plant is typically buried in the earth 10 centimetres with old root, and old tongue pipe flush with ground is advisable.After the harvesting of chrysanthemum rice Plant rye grass and support goose infertile field, rye grass implantation methods:Ryegrass seed is smaller, it is desirable to which furrow face is smooth without large clod, sowing side Formula drilling is disseminated, but convenient for management, preferably drilling, 1.5 kilograms or so of mu sowing quantity, and grass length is vigorous to be used for supporting Goose, goose muck field.Short of rain or soil is relatively dried in such as sowing time, can first be used Seed soaking 2 to 4 hours, be emerged and improved with profit Planting percent.The stalk of chrysanthemum rice is good feed by microbial action, is turned waste into wealth by the change of discarded object five processing, five Change is straw feed, Fertilizer Transformed, energy, raw material, base-material.
Chrysanthemum rice applies 1 base manure (composite fertilizer or organic fertilizer) before transplanting, during which spraying fertilizer 2 times, the 1st time 7 days after inserting, 2nd time at the 30th~35 day.
4th, soft-shelled turtle kind, cray are put in a suitable place to breed
Rice transplanting terminated after two weeks, delivers and is planted on soft-shelled turtle kind and cray and the wild rice stem in the surrounding kind of rice field, surrounding ridge dike Calamus or castor-oil plant.Soft-shelled turtle kind, cray deliver first 10 days, every mu with quick lime 150 kilograms carry out fish ditch sterilization, stocking size 50~300 tails of soft-shelled turtle/mu of 400~500g/ tails, cray 500-1000 tails/mu.Soft-shelled turtle kind, cray require that selection constitution is good for Strong, health without sick and wounded, energy is strong, uniform specification seed enters field, and before putting in a suitable place to breed seed with 15~20 mg/litre Gao Meng Sour potassium solution soaks 10~15 minutes.
During artificial feeding, the animal fodder such as Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis eating wild fishes, flesh of fish of chopping.Bait feeding is strictly abided by Keep four and determine principle, feed daily 2 times, Feeding time is respectively in the morning 9~10 point, afternoon 4~5 point.Specific feeding volume regards the same day Depending on situation (weather, water temperature, live bait), typically eaten up and be advisable with 1.5 hours or so.During breeding, it can be delivered in rice field The live baits such as some river snails, fish and shrimp are edible for soft-shelled turtle, and in favor of improving the quality of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis and saving feed cost, cray then mixes Support and voluntarily looked for food in rice field.Some crucians can also be delivered to be cultivated, crucian selects small crucian fry, its dispensing density is:It is small Crucian 600-1000 tails/mu.
5th, dry field
Need to carry out roasting field during paddy growth.Under the premise of complying with paddy growth demand and not influenceing Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis to grow, Take gently roasting method:Water level is down into field face to surface, makes in the middle of field not fall into pin, Tian Bianbiao soil crack and does not turn white, It is appropriateness with the whiting of water breakthrough rice floating root.After roasting field is terminated, water level is brought up into raw water position immediately.Fish is cleared up during roasting field Ditch, and new water is exchanged, to ensure that fish ditch is unobstructed, water quality is pure and fresh.
6th, pest and disease damage is prevented and treated
Field production early stage wants emphasis to carry out two preventing and controlling for moving insect and snout moth's larva, late tillering state (July 20 with It is anti-to cure banded sclerotial blight afterwards) to before cut, the castor-oil plant planted in the event of leaf roll snout moth's larva using rice field surrounding or calamus configuration medium-height grass Medicament, collocation method:A, castor leaf are spread on field or transplant castor-oil plant in field, can trap and kill chafer;10 kilograms of b, castor leaf After mashing, add water 10 kilograms, be filtered into stoste, per kilogram stoste adds water 3-4 kilograms, spray;C, castor bean benevolence mash, plus 1 kilogram of water is mixed well, and is separately added 60 grams of soap, is slowly added into castor bean benevolence water, side edged is stirred, and 100-150 is added water after mixing well public Jin, spraying, can prevent and treat scarabs and various aphids.1 kilogram of calamus, mashes, and adds water 2 kilograms, is cooked into stoste, per kilogram Stoste adds water 6 kilograms, spraying, and every mu with 40-50 kilograms.Worm is controlled using Chinese herbal medicine and decomposes fast, residual without agriculture, if there is rice blast Using H deionized water spray, spray method::Typically sprayed every 7-10 days once, specific interval times are pathogenetic according to rice blast Depending on actual conditions.
The average annual Economic and Efficiency Analysis table of embodiment 2:
Biological crosspoint produced by embodiment 2:
【It is preferred that chrysanthemum rice】One or several agricultural systems are solved the problems, such as using crosspoint is produced between plant and plant;It is real It is exactly to carry out distant hybridization (male parent sorghum * maternal rices) using sorghum and paddy rice to apply the chrysanthemum rice described in example 1, is formed anti-fall Volt (plant and plant crosspoint, first solve resistant to lodging), disease and insect resistance (Plants and Animals crosspoint, second solves disease), Yield is high, nutrition good (plant and people crosspoint, the 3rd solves Man's Demands), be adapted to south growth chrysanthemum rice (plant and Environment intersects, and the 4th solves environmental problem), while greatly improving farmers' income, solving the difficult problem of increasing peasant income, (plant is handed over people Crunode, the 5th solves Man's Demands), we produce the chrysanthemum rice invented in crosspoint using plant and plant to occur Planthopper (Plants and Animals crosspoint, the 6th solves insect pest), solves paddy rice insoluble pest and disease damage planthopper for many years.I Suitable North Plain drought-hit area rice sorghum can also be found using biological crosspoint research, paternal rice * female parent sorghums carry out remote Edge reciprocal cross obtains rice sorghum.
【It is preferred that Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis】Crosspoint one or several agricultural systems of solution are produced using animal and animal, animals and human beingses to ask Topic;Worm (animal and animal crosspoint, first solves insect pest) is eaten using soft-shelled turtle, is creeped and is weeded instead of peasant in rice field using soft-shelled turtle Field (animals and human beingses crosspoint;Second to solve manpower nervous), soft-shelled turtle eat Duola much applies fertilizer everyday, peasant is (dynamic without fertilising Thing and environment crosspoint, the 3rd solves the problems, such as chemical fertilizer), soft-shelled turtle economy and nutritive value are also very high, promote increasing peasant income (animal and People crosspoint, solves Peasants Income), produce multiple crosspoints using animal soft-shelled turtle and animal pests and solve single rice field Several big problems, by solid mixing a variety of biological functions of breeding can become more powerful, be rice field according to function soft-shelled turtle It is optimal preferred that solid is raised together with, next to that frog, duck, crucian etc..
【It is preferred that cray】Crosspoint one or several agricultural systems of solution are produced using animal and plant, animals and human beingses to ask Topic:Biological crosspoint (animal and straw crosspoint, first are produced using animal cray and straw waste pollution Solve contaminant problems), while animal cray produces crosspoint with animal soft-shelled turtle again, the shell that cray takes off is soft-shelled turtle again Feed, soft-shelled turtle eats feed that left discarded object is cray again, and (animal and animal crosspoint, second solves small ecosystem System balance), cray or our cuisines produce crosspoint with people, and cray returns rice agriculture increase income, and purification water source is (dynamic Thing and people crosspoint, the 3rd solves Peasants Income).
【It is preferred that crucian】Crosspoint one or several agricultural systems of solution are produced using animal with animal, microorganism, people to ask Topic:Algae of the crucian based on plant foodstuff in (animal and plant crosspoint, first solves small ecosystem balance), rice field, Shrimp, earthworm, young spiral shell, insect etc. are all the food (animal and animal crosspoint solve small ecosystem balance) of crucian, together Shi Xihuan selects food and occupies the spawning (animal and plant, environment crosspoint solve small ecosystem balance) in wild rice stem, reed, crucian carp Fish fertility is strong, the fast bait (animal and animal crosspoint solve small ecosystem balance) that abundance is provided for soft-shelled turtle of growth, Save substantial amounts of cost, return peasant bring income to produce many crosspoints (animals and human beingses crosspoint solves increasing peasant income and asked Topic), it is the fine intermediate of a variety of biocenosis mutual assistances in rice field.
【It is preferred that rye grass】Crosspoint one or several agricultural systems of solution are produced using Plants and Animals, animals and human beingses to ask Topic:Peasant need not be in input, and supporting goose using plantation rye grass of lying fallow, (Plants and Animals crosspoint solves fertilizer issues, feed and asked Topic), goose excrement and rye grass are the organic fertilizers (animal and plant crosspoint, solve the problems, such as chemical fertilizer) in coming year crops, and goose can increase Farmers' income (animals and human beingses crosspoint solves Peasants Income).
【It is preferred that wild rice stem】Produce crosspoint using plant and water, animal, people and solve the problems, such as one or several agricultural systems:Hay It is in vain perennial very water type aquatic herbaceous plant, is referred to as aquatic vegetable, misses potter loam, be adapted to crucian growing environment and production Ovum (Plants and Animals crosspoint solves small ecosystem balance and increasing peasant income) is particularly suitable for the ambient growth of embodiment 1, and Be of high nutritive value the multiple crosspoints of the generation such as (plant is intersected with people),
【It is preferred that castor-oil plant or calamus】Crosspoint, which is produced, using Plants and Animals, plant and people solves one or several agricultural systems System problem:Castor-oil plant configuration Chinese herbal medicine (Plants and Animals crosspoint, first solves the problems, such as agricultural chemicals) is planted using ridge for 3 kinds, and castor-oil plant is matched somebody with somebody Put that Chinese herbal medicine anthelminthic effect is good, decompose fast, residual without agriculture, it is ensured that food security, while castor bean is increased farmers' income, it is fine Aero oil raw material (plant and people crosspoint solve Peasants Income).
【It is preferred that H ionized waters】Crosspoint is produced using biological and water and solves the problems, such as one or several agricultural systems, in Property water to resolve into H ionized waters sterilizing preventing and treating rice blast effect good (biological with water crosspoint, solve the problems, such as agricultural chemicals) and unnecessary H ions and air OH ions binding Cheng Shui, do not produce pollutant, (people and water, environment crosspoint, are solved non agricultural chemical residuum Pollution problem).
Embodiment 3, chrysanthemum rice and a certain proportion of crucian, mud are configured by biological multidimensional combination technique in rice field Loach, frog, rape, alfalfa, H ionized waters and OH ionized waters, calamus or tomato and ditch and hole etc. constitute small biosphere The ecosystem, forms the fertile plant breeding model of multiform ecology agriculture rice frog loach fish medicine.The biological multidimensional combination technique of the pattern of embodiment 3 and Method:, being capable of system using the more powerful small biosphere ecosystem in a variety of biological crosspoints and life assemblage formation function Solve the problems, such as the problems such as agricultural chemicals, chemical fertilizer problem, herbicide problem, waste pollution problem and increasing peasant income are difficult.
First, rice field is selected:Rice frog loach fish paragenetic association pattern, field is unsuitable excessive, is typically advisable with 2 mu -15 mu, mountain area Col water in field matter is good, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and sunshine is sufficient, divulges information smooth, and soil property requires that subacidity, humus are abundant and is preferred.
2nd, rice field is transformed:1st, rice field surrounding excavates four road ditches, and a ditch, the general width 50- in ditch are excavated in field 100cm, deep 80cm.Field furrow width 80cm, deep 30cm.5 bar ditch account for the rice field gross area 5% or so.2nd, surrounding ridge 3 is increased, added Gu.The general high 50cm in the ridge, wide 30cm, the ridge will be higher by water surface 30cm, and want slope.Blocked on the inside of earth dyke with black polyethylene mesh sheet, Because frog phototaxis, using the badly battered of other color net frog Hui Touch, the bottom of net is buried in the earth 20-30cm, prevents Loach escapes, and prevents frog natural enemy snake etc. from entering from ridge 3 interior.3rd, 4 small puddles, respectively at four angles, each puddle face are excavated A small amount of pasture and water are placed in 2-3 square metres of product, deep 80-100cm, hole, lays eggs, plays with water, then put one block of cystosepiment, the feeding frog for frog Loach fish uses.Rice field drainage mouthful is sealed with thickness crow's-foot, and coarse net blocks branch rubbish, and fine-structure mesh prevents natural enemy snakeheaded fish, dragonfly Ovum etc. enters interior from flowing water.
3rd, variety selection:Paddy rice selects chrysanthemum rice, and the imperial loach in the suitable channel selection gulf of loach, frog selects Rana nigromaculata, and fish is small crucian; Plantation chrysanthemum rice plants technology using large-ridge double-row, and spacing in the rows is small line space 18-25cm, big line space 35-45cm.
4th, field is baked:Need to carry out roasting field during paddy growth.Comply with paddy growth demand and do not influence Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis to grow Under the premise of, take gently roasting method:Water level is down into field face to surface, makes not fall into pin in the middle of field, the native not cracks of Tian Bianbiao With turn white, with water breakthrough rice floating root whiting for appropriateness.After roasting field is terminated, water level is brought up into raw water position immediately.Will during roasting field Fish ditch is cleared up, and exchanges new water, to ensure that fish ditch is unobstructed, water quality is pure and fresh
5th, main points are managed:1st, periodically sterilization.Before and after the rectification of rice field, selection fine day carries out once comprehensive sprinkle with quick lime Hereafter field, thorough disinfection, is carried out disinfection in rice frog loach fish growth period with EM bacterium.2nd, the farm organic fertilizer after fermentation is preferably used Heavy dressing is carried out to kind of rice region domain.3rd, Rational Stocking.After rice shoot is gone to the field 10 days, start to put the frog, loach, fish.Specification is:Frog is children The frog, loach 3cm sizes, crucian is seedling, it is to avoid the big frog, which eats small loach phenomenon, to be occurred.Configuration density is generally:Froglet about 600/ Mu, small loach about 1200 tails/mu when gulf dragon loach, Rana nigromaculata, small crucian are put in a suitable place to breed, are carried out disinfection with EM bacterium.4th, four behind rectification rice field Plant upper calamus and tomato week.5th, chrysanthemum rice applies 1 base manure (composite fertilizer or organic fertilizer) before transplanting, during which spraying fertilizer 2 times, the 1 time insert after 7 days, the 2nd time at the 30th~35 day.
6th, science is fed:1st, frog eats the insect more than rice shoot water surface in rice field, the following rice pest of loach water plane. 2nd, a little earthworms, fly maggot etc. are manually periodically fed.
7th, Water-quality control:Frog, loach, requirement of the fish to water is basically identical, and holding is higher by paddy rice 10-30cm or so, one As rice field upstream have the storehouse pool, irrigation canals and ditches have circulating water, if rice field ditch discharged water without circulating water at interval of 5 days changes water once, mistake Keep water quality fresh and alive.
8th, pest and disease damage is prevented and treated:Field production early stage wants emphasis to carry out two preventing and controlling for moving insect and snout moth's larva, at tiller end It is anti-to cure banded sclerotial blight before phase (after July 20) to cut, the calamus planted in the event of leaf roll snout moth's larva using rice field surrounding or Tomato configures herbal mediciment, collocation method:1 kilogram of calamus, mashes, and adds water 2 kilograms, is cooked into stoste, and per kilogram stoste adds water 6 Kilogram, spraying, every mu with 40-50 kilograms.Worm is controlled using Chinese herbal medicine and decomposes fast, residual without agriculture, if there is rice blast using H ions Water sprays, spray method::Typically sprayed every 7-10 days once, specific interval times are according to the pathogenetic actual conditions of rice blast Depending on.
The complete reason field of Sorghum Rice planting area harvesting, first plants rape, when rape increases to 60-70CM, sprinkles Chinese milk vetch Seeds, treat that Second Year rape straw in May, Chinese milk vetch (alfalfa), as chrysanthemum rice plant green manure and selenium-rich, pass through safflower Careless biological nitrogen fixation, supplements the N element content of soil, realizes that 1 year rape plants the harvest of banker crop with the season of chrysanthemum rice two. Chrysanthemum rice, the stalk of rape are good feeds by microbial action, and processing change is changed by the five of discarded object and microorganism Waste be changed into values, and five changes are straw feed, Fertilizer Transformed, energy, raw material, base-material.
The average annual Economic and Efficiency Analysis table of embodiment 3:
Biological crosspoint produced by embodiment 3:
【It is preferred that chrysanthemum rice】One or several agricultural systems are solved the problems, such as using crosspoint is produced between plant and plant;It is real It is exactly to carry out distant hybridization (male parent sorghum * maternal rices) using sorghum and paddy rice to apply the chrysanthemum rice described in example 3, is formed anti-fall Volt (plant and plant crosspoint, first solve resistant to lodging), disease and insect resistance (Plants and Animals crosspoint, second solves disease), Yield is high, nutrition good (plant and people crosspoint, the 3rd solves Man's Demands), be adapted to south growth chrysanthemum rice (plant and Environment intersects, and the 4th solves environmental problem), while greatly improving farmers' income, solving the difficult problem of increasing peasant income, (plant is handed over people Crunode, the 5th solves Man's Demands), we produce the chrysanthemum rice invented in crosspoint using plant and plant to occur Planthopper (Plants and Animals crosspoint, the 6th solves insect pest), solves paddy rice insoluble pest and disease damage planthopper for many years.I Suitable North Plain drought-hit area rice sorghum can also be found using biological crosspoint research, paternal rice * female parent sorghums carry out remote Edge reciprocal cross obtains rice sorghum.
【It is preferred that Rana nigromaculata】One or several agricultural systems are solved using crosspoint is produced between animal and animal, animals and human beingses Problem:Animal pests, which are eaten, using animal frog produces use (animal and animal crosspoint, the first solution that agricultural chemicals is reduced in crosspoint Agricultural chemicals problem), while frog meat is the cuisines of the mankind again, and the substantial amounts of agricultural chemicals of saving (animals and human beingses, environment crosspoint, the Two solve Peasants Income), produce multiple crosspoints.
【It is preferred that Taiwan dragon loach】Crosspoint, which is produced, using animal and plant, animal, insect and people solves one or several agricultures Industry system problem, frog drinking water insect above, in the drinking water of paddy field aquaculture loach beetle, planktonic organism, humus (animal with Animal is intersected, and second solves insect pest, solves small ecosystem balance), water source is purified, loach can increase farmers' income, and be again The cuisines (animals and human beingses crosspoint, the 3rd solves Peasants Income) of the mankind, produce multiple crosspoints.
【It is preferred that alfalfa】Crosspoint one or several agricultural systems of solution are produced using plant and microorganism, animal to ask Topic:Pale reddish brown lucerne is by rhizobium biological nitrogen fixation (plant with microorganism crosspoint, solve the problems, such as chemical fertilizer), and selenium-rich, is the coming year Good organic fertilizer, is good feed again (Plants and Animals crosspoint solves Peasants Income).
【It is preferred that crucian】Crosspoint one or several agricultural systems of solution are produced using animal with animal, microorganism, people to ask Topic:Algae of the crucian based on plant foodstuff in (animal and plant crosspoint, first solves small ecosystem balance), rice field, Shrimp, earthworm, young spiral shell, insect etc. are all the food (animal and animal crosspoint solve small ecosystem balance) of crucian, together Shi Xihuan selects food and occupies the spawning (animal and plant, environment crosspoint solve small ecosystem balance) in wild rice stem, reed, crucian carp Fish fertility is strong, the fast bait (animal and animal crosspoint solve small ecosystem balance) that abundance is provided for soft-shelled turtle of growth, Save substantial amounts of cost, return peasant bring income to produce many crosspoints (animals and human beingses crosspoint solves increasing peasant income and asked Topic), it is the fine intermediate of a variety of biocenosis mutual assistances in rice field.
【It is preferred that calamus or tomato】Crosspoint, which is produced, using Plants and Animals, plant and the human world solves one or several agricultures Industry system problem, worm plant castor-oil plant and animal pests generation crosspoint are controlled using calamus configuration Chinese herbal medicine, and calamus ancient times claim to control heresy Thing, complete stool fragrance can configure Chinese herbal medicine and killed by stomach and control worm, effect is good, decomposition is fast, without the residual (plant of agriculture with expelling parasite With animal pests crosspoint, agricultural chemicals is solved the problems, such as), calamus can configure a variety of biological agents, it is ensured that (plant is with moving for food security Thing intersects, and solves Man's Demands).
【It is preferred that H ionized waters】Crosspoint is produced using biological and water and solves the problems, such as one or several agricultural systems, in Property water to resolve into H ionized waters sterilizing preventing and treating rice blast effect good (biological with water crosspoint, solve the problems, such as agricultural chemicals) and unnecessary H ions and air OH ions binding Cheng Shui, do not produce pollutant, (people and water, environment crosspoint, are solved non agricultural chemical residuum Pollution problem).
【Preferred microorganism】Crosspoint, which is produced, using microorganism and straw solves the problems, such as one or several agricultural systems: Chrysanthemum rice, the stalk of rape are good feeds by microbial action, and processing change is changed by the five of discarded object and microorganism Waste be changed into values, and five changes are straw feed, Fertilizer Transformed, energy, raw material, base-material, and number of ways produces multiple crosspoints.
Embodiment 4, in addition to the hybrid paddy rice that rice varieties select Academician YUAN Long-ping, remaining be the same as Example 2 or 3.
The present invention is exemplarily described above in association with accompanying drawing.Obviously, the present invention is implemented not by above-mentioned side The limitation of formula.As long as employ the improvement of the various unsubstantialities of inventive concept and technical scheme of the present invention progress;Or not It is improved, the above-mentioned design of the present invention and technical scheme are directly applied into other occasions, in protection scope of the present invention Within.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
Step (1), the transformation in rice field:" day " font is dug out in rice field surrounding and plantation field or sphere of movements for the elephants shape raises irrigation canals and ditches;
Step (2), it is anti-escape, ingest, perch Facilities Construction:Anti-escape isolation strip is built on the inside of along ridge, drainage mouthful is set in rice field Put separation net;And setting is ingested, perches facility in raising irrigation canals and ditches;
Step (3), sterilization:Within plantation cultivation the last week, plantation field and raising irrigation canals and ditches are carried out disinfection with quick lime;
Step (4), plantation:Rice cultivation, i.e. rice transplanting on plantation field in rice field:Planted using large-ridge double-row transplanting mode Rice shoot;Plantation can prevent and treat the plant of pest and disease damage on the surrounding ridge of rice field, constitute pest control isolation strip;Planted raising in irrigation canals and ditches Plant aquatic industrial crops;
Step (5), cultivation:In step (4), the rice transplanting terminated in 15 days, and aquatic biological, step (4) are put in a suitable place to breed raising in irrigation canals and ditches The plant with economic value of growing environment needed for described aquatic industrial crops selection can provide aquatic biological;
Step (6), roasting field:Field is baked in the tillering stage of per season paddy rice once, and when baking field, the field face that water level is down into plantation field is firm Surface well, treat to fall into pin in the middle of the face of field, Tian Bianbiao soil not crack, turn white, the whiting of paddy rice floating root terminates roasting field, and immediately will Water level brings up to raw water position;Cleared up during roasting field raising irrigation canals and ditches, and exchange new water;
Step (7), insect pest preventing and controlling:Early stage is planted, by the plant anthelmintic for the preventing and treating pest and disease damage planted on the surrounding ridge of rice field;Kind During plant, in the event of leaf roll borer pest, then with the plants configuration patent medicine for the preventing and treating pest and disease damage planted on the surrounding ridge of rice field Agent is sprayed;
Step (8), the plantation for phase of lying fallow:Lying fallow the phase after rice harvesting is complete, plants economic crops on plantation field;The economy Crop selects the plant with economic value that can be used for raising aquatic biological or fertile rice field;
Pest and disease damage can be prevented and treated based on what is planted on the paddy rice, rice field surrounding ridge planted described in step (4) plantation on field Plant, aquatic industrial crops of plantation in irrigation canals and ditches, raised described in step (5) cultivation in irrigation canals and ditches and put aquatic biological and step in a suitable place to breed (8) the benign cross influence effect lain fallow between the industrial crops planted on phase field, builds one and is applied to the benign of rice field Circular biological breeding and planting system.
2. the plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
In step (4) plantation, the new chrysanthemum rice varieties or Academician YUAN Long-ping of paddy rice selection Mr. Wang Baozeng et al. invention Hybrid paddy rice, spacing in the rows be small line space 18-25cm, big line space 35-45cm.
3. the ecologic planting aquaculture model in rice field according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:1 base is applied before rice transplanting Spraying fertilizer 2 times during fertilizer, plantation, the 1st after planting 7 days, the 2nd after planting the 30th~35 day.
4. the plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional according to claims 1 to 3 any one, it is characterised in that:
In the transformation in step (1) rice field, slipped raising corner excavation one square soft-shelled turtle of the irrigation canals and ditches positioned at rice field, raise ditch The area that canal and soft-shelled turtle slip accounts for the 10%~12% of the rice field gross area altogether, raises 0.8~1.0m of ditch width of the channel, deep 0.6~0.8m, and soft-shelled turtle slips Long 4~6m, wide 3~5m, depth 1.2m;Rice field surrounding ridge is increased, reinforced, the high 50cm in the ridge, wide 30cm, and ensures that ridge will be higher by It is slope on the inside of water surface 30cm, and ridge;
Step (2) it is anti-escape, ingest, perch in Facilities Construction, escaping-preventing facilities construction is to be built along on the inside of ridge with iron sheet protection network Anti-escape isolation strip is made, is specially that iron sheet is embedded to 20-25cm in ridge soil, basset more than 50cm, is then existed with timber It is fixed at 90~100cm, the anti-escape isolation strip at rice field corner turning is curved;Ingest, perch Facilities Construction tool Body is to place one piece of plank or asbestos shingle raising irrigation canals and ditches every 10m or so places, the wide 0.6~0.8m of plank, long 1.5~1.8m, One end is fixed on ridge, and the other end submerges 15cm or so in water;
In step (4) plantation, castor-oil plant or calamus are planted on the surrounding ridge of rice field, castor-oil plant is sowed in spring and is advisable with early April, using digging Cave dibbling plantation, every bunch planting kind 3, depth of planting is advisable with 5cm, 80~100cm of line-spacing;Soil glues unsuitable during the block earthing of important place Suppression;Wild rice stem is planted in the raising irrigation canals and ditches of rice field surrounding, planting proportion is mu kind 120, and the implantation methods of wild rice stem are:March When the middle ten days and the last ten days weather gets warm again after a cold spell, the small pier of wild rice stem seedling is dug out, plant division of being rived with scraper, during plant division, according to 3~5 every plant sound points Tiller seedling, the requirement that each suckering plant has 3~4 blades is cut, and tiller bud and new root can not be damaged during cutting;Should during field planting With lifting, with plant division, with field planting;Size line-spacing is taken to cultivate, small 60~70cm of line-spacing, 80~90cm of wide row space, spacing in the rows 50~ 60cm, the depth of plant is typically buried in the earth 10cm with old root;
In step (5) cultivation:Aquatic biological selects soft-shelled turtle kind, cray, and stocking size is:50~300 tails of soft-shelled turtle/mu, cray 500-1000 tails/mu;Soft-shelled turtle kind, cray selection physique healthy and strong, health are without sick and wounded, energy is strong, uniform specification seed enters to raise Irrigation canals and ditches are supported, and soak seed 10~15 minutes with the liquor potassic permanganate of 15~20 mg/litres before putting in a suitable place to breed;Feeding process In, bait feeding strictly observes four and determines principle, feeds daily 2 times, Feeding time respectively in the morning 9~10 point, afternoon 4~5 point, Specific feeding volume was eaten up depending on same day situation, typically with 1.5 hours or so to be advisable, in feeding process, can raise in irrigation canals and ditches Deliver the live baits such as some river snails, fish and shrimp edible for soft-shelled turtle kind;
In step (7) insect pest preventing and controlling, when occurring leaf roll borer pest, the castor-oil plant or calamus planted using rice field ridge configure medium-height grass Medicament is prevented and treated, prevention and controls:A, castor leaf are spread on field or transplant castor-oil plant in ridge, to trap and kill chafer;B, castor-oil plant After leaf 10kg is mashed, add water 10kg, is filtered into stoste, is sprayed after the 3-4kg that added water per kg stostes;C, castor bean benevolence are pounded paste Shape, the 1kg that adds water is mixed well, and is separately added soap 60g, is slowly added into castor bean benevolence water, side edged is stirred, 100- is added water after mixing well Sprayed after 150kg, to prevent and treat scarabs and various aphids;D, calamus 1kg, are mashed, and add water 2kg, is cooked into stoste, Per kilogram stoste is added water and sprayed after 6kg, and every mu is used 40-50kg;H deionized water spray, sprinkling are used if there is rice blast Method:Sprayed once every 7-10 days.
5. the plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Step (5) is cultivated In:Animal waterborne also includes crucian, and crucian selects small crucian fry, and its dispensing density is:Small crucian 600-1000 tails/mu.
6. the plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Step (8) is lain fallow the phase Plantation in, rye grass, rye grass implantation methods are planted after rice harvesting:Processing is carried out to plantation field first and ensures that it is put down Whole to be sowed without large clod, then by the way of drilling, application rate is every mu of 1.5kg or so seed;In sowing time, first use clear water Seed soaking 2 to 4 hours, to improve emerge, planting percent.
7. the plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional according to claims 1 to 3 any one, it is characterised in that:
In the transformation in step (1) rice field, raising irrigation canals and ditches includes the four road ditches that rice field surrounding is excavated, the Yi Tiaoshui that field is excavated Ditch, the wide 50-100cm in ditch, deep 80cm;Field furrow width 80cm, deep 30cm;Five bar ditch account for the rice field gross area 5% or so;Rice field four All ridges are increased, reinforced, the high 50cm in the ridge, wide 30cm, and it is slope to ensure that ridge will be higher by the inside of water surface 30cm, and ridge;
Step (2) it is anti-escape, ingest, perch in Facilities Construction, escaping-preventing facilities construction is to be blocked on the inside of ridge with black polyethylene mesh sheet Anti-escape isolation strip is constituted well, and the bottom of net is buried in the earth 20-30cm;It is specially to raise irrigation canals and ditches position to ingest, perch Facilities Construction A small puddle is excavated respectively in four angles in rice field, and each puddle area is to place a small amount of in 2-3 ㎡, deep 80-100cm, hole Pasture and water and one block of cystosepiment;The separation net that rice field drainage mouthful is set is thickness crow's-foot;
In step (4) plantation, plant castor-oil plant, calamus or tomato on the surrounding ridge of rice field, castor-oil plant sow in spring using early April as Preferably, using digging cave dibbling plantation, every bunch planting kind 3, depth of planting is advisable with 5cm, 80~100cm of line-spacing;Soil glues important place block It should not be suppressed during earthing;
In step (5) cultivation:The imperial loach in aquatic biological selection Taiwan, Rana nigromaculata, small crucian, are raised together with, stocking size is:Frog Froglet is selected, loach length 3cm sizes, crucian selects seedling, and configuration density is:/ mu of froglet about 600,1200 tails of loach/mu are small Crucian 600-1000 tails/mu;In breeding process, water quality need to be controlled, keep the water surface to be higher by paddy rice 10-30cm or so, if Rice field ditch then discharged water at interval of 5 days without circulating water and changes water once, kept water quality fresh and alive;Taiwan dragon loach, Rana nigromaculata, small crucian When putting in a suitable place to breed, carried out disinfection with EM bacterium;
In step (7) insect pest preventing and controlling, when occurring leaf roll borer pest, the castor-oil plant or calamus planted using rice field ridge configure medium-height grass Medicament is prevented and treated, prevention and controls:A, castor leaf are spread on field or transplant castor-oil plant in ridge, to trap and kill chafer;B, castor-oil plant After leaf 10kg is mashed, add water 10kg, is filtered into stoste, is sprayed after the 3-4kg that added water per kg stostes;C, castor bean benevolence are pounded paste Shape, the 1kg that adds water is mixed well, and is separately added soap 60g, is slowly added into castor bean benevolence water, side edged is stirred, 100- is added water after mixing well Sprayed after 150kg, to prevent and treat scarabs and various aphids;D, calamus 1kg, are mashed, and add water 2kg, is cooked into stoste, Per kilogram stoste is added water and sprayed after 6kg, and every mu is used 40-50kg;H deionized water spray, sprinkling are used if there is rice blast Method:Sprayed once every 7-10 days.
8. the plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Step (8) is lain fallow the phase Plantation in, rape is first planted after rice harvesting, when rape grows to the plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of 2 multidimensional, its feature It is:After 0-30cm, alfalfa seed is sprinkled.
9. the plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In step (1) rice field Transformation in, in addition to dig out two ends respectively with rice field ridge, the tractor road that is connected of plantation field.
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CN108718964A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-11-02 柳州市柳南区动物疫病预防控制中心 The method of water planting rice paddy field aquaculture river snail
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CN110199786A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-09-06 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 A kind of rice spiral shell symbiotic cultivation method based on green manure
CN110352898A (en) * 2019-08-28 2019-10-22 曾朝阳 A kind of breeding symbiosis aquaculture net cage and cultural method
CN110537465A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-06 湖南农业大学 three-dimensional comprehensive planting and breeding method for rice field
CN110583400A (en) * 2019-10-21 2019-12-20 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 System and method for breeding rana nigromaculata in rice field
CN110583400B (en) * 2019-10-21 2021-10-15 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 System and method for breeding rana nigromaculata in rice field
CN111296204A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-06-19 长沙能翔农业专业合作社 Organic ecological plant plants and breeds fish intergrowth system
CN111480541A (en) * 2020-04-24 2020-08-04 上海市农业科学院 Landscape type comprehensive planting and breeding method for rice field
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CN111684993A (en) * 2020-06-28 2020-09-22 安徽省农业科学院园艺研究所 High mountain cane shoot cultivation method
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CN111699935A (en) * 2020-07-13 2020-09-25 上海毓赛健康科技有限公司 Full-ecological rice planting and breeding system and method

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