CN105028077A - Novel three-dimensional planting method adopted in rice field - Google Patents

Novel three-dimensional planting method adopted in rice field Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105028077A
CN105028077A CN201510538847.XA CN201510538847A CN105028077A CN 105028077 A CN105028077 A CN 105028077A CN 201510538847 A CN201510538847 A CN 201510538847A CN 105028077 A CN105028077 A CN 105028077A
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China
Prior art keywords
rice
ditches
irrigation canals
raising
fish
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CN201510538847.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙素玲
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Guzhen Yimin Breeding Professional Cooperatives
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Guzhen Yimin Breeding Professional Cooperatives
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Priority to CN201510538847.XA priority Critical patent/CN105028077A/en
Publication of CN105028077A publication Critical patent/CN105028077A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/20Cereals
    • A01G22/22Rice
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a novel three-dimensional planting method adopted in a rice field. The method comprises the steps of A, conditioning the rice field; B, breeding aquatic animals and plants; C, planting rice and another crop; D, conducting fish stocking; E, conducting daily management; F; harvesting the crops and fish. According to the three-dimensional breeding method, through the reasonable matching between animal breeding and plant breeding, the yield and quality of rice are improved, the occurrence rate of pest and disease damage is reduced, the usage of chemical pesticides is reduced, natural resources are fully utilized, the environment is protected, income can be obtained in multiple ways, and the yield per mu is increased greatly.

Description

A kind of novel rice field stereo plantation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to Rice Cropping field, particularly relate to a kind of novel rice field stereo plantation method.
Background technology
Paddy rice originates in Tropical Asian, after China widely plants, propagates into gradually all over the world.Paddy rice institute knot reality and paddy, claim rice, scented rice, rice after paddy (grain) shells.Nearly half population is in the world all food with rice.The eating method of rice is varied, has rice, congee, rice cake, rice cake, rice wine etc.Paddy rice, except edible, can also be made wine, refine sugar as the raw material of industry, rice husk, rice straw, can as feed.Mainly the Northeast, the Yangtze river basin, China paddy rice main producing region, Pearl River Delta.Belonging to direct economy crop, is also the staple food of 1/3rd mankind in the world.
Along with the increase of paddy rice demand, its planting environment also runs down, and disease, insect pest, crop smothering are on the rise.In traditional mode of production, chemical fertilizer, agricultural chemicals are commonly used, and this brings hidden danger not only to the edible of rice, and meanwhile, heavy dressing laxative causes environmental pollution.
Ecologic planting cultivation is the inexorable trend of Agricultural Industrialization Development, be characterized according to kind cultivation animals and plants between symbiosis complementarity principle, utilize natural substance circulation system, by planting cultural technique and control measures accordingly, make animals and plants syntrophism in certain breeding spaces and region, realize keeping ecological balance, improving the object of culture benefit.The developmental research that the present invention carries out based on above-mentioned background just.
Summary of the invention
The present invention aims to provide a kind of rice field stereo plantation method, in rice field, raise fish, and by the mode of planting between swamp cabbage and paddy rice to improve the yield and quality of paddy rice, has ecological, environmental protective, good in economic efficiency feature.
The present invention realizes by following technical solution:
A kind of novel rice field stereo plantation method, comprises the steps:
A: rice field is repaired: the annual the first tenday period of a month in May repair rice field, are specially:
(1) raising irrigation canals and ditches are dug: in rice field surrounding and plantation field, dig out " day " font or sphere of movements for the elephants shape raising irrigation canals and ditches, the width of raising irrigation canals and ditches is 65 ~ 85cm, the degree of depth is 75 ~ 90cm, and its cross section is trapezium structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom;
(2) field stalk builds: add soil in the raising outside of trenches of rice field surrounding and erect ridge, and ridge width is 60 ~ 80cm, is highly 60 ~ 75cm, and its cross section is up-narrow and down-wide trapezium structure;
(3) consolidation: compacting process is carried out to the raising bottom of trench of irrigation canals and ditches and the stalk dike surface of ridge;
(4) protection is arranged: build a concrete column in ridge surrounding every 1.5m, the high 1.8 ~ 2.2m of post, and on concrete column, cover the wire netting built and formed and lie around, and is provided with four scarecrows in ridge corner;
(5) culvert system: arrange water inlet ridge one jiao, arrange a discharge outlet at the trench bottom at its diagonal angle, enters discharge outlet and is equipped with that nylon is anti-escapes net;
B: aquatic animals and plants is raised: the transplanting cultivation operation carrying out aquatic animals and plants then mid-April, is specially:
(1) rice field sterilization: with pulverized limestone to raising irrigation canals and ditches and the disinfection of plantation field;
(2) base manure soil applies: after sterilizing one week, will become thoroughly decomposed farmers''s excrement, straw and the bed-silt that becomes thoroughly decomposed mixing after-applied in plantation field with raise on irrigation canals and ditches, applying is highly 8 ~ 15cm;
(3) aquatic products animals and plants are cultivated: in raising irrigation canals and ditches, plant hydrilla verticillata, waterweed and floral leaf Scirpus tabernaemontani, inoculate water earthworm simultaneously on base manure soil;
C: paddy rice and crop-planting: start rice cultivation on plantation field then the first tenday period of a month in June and interplant swamp cabbage, often planting three row paddy rice and interplant a line swamp cabbage;
D: fish stocking: at Rice Cropping after 8 ~ 10 days, will put in a suitable place to breed in raising irrigation canals and ditches after the sterilization of the fry of Tilapia mossambica, grass carp, carp and yellow cartfish;
E: daily management: between the paddy rice growth stage, guaranteed water level is higher than plantation field 8 ~ 12cm, and period carries out water supply and drainage work, and every day, to fish feeding twice, carries out respectively at the morning and evening;
F: gathering of crop and fish: at the bottom of June at the bottom of October period, carry out gathering once when the tender stem of swamp cabbage grows to 23 ~ 25cm, the first tenday period of a month in October fish for sale to fish, and mid-October can to paddy rice harvesting.
Further, in steps A, (1) digs the area of raising raising irrigation canals and ditches described in irrigation canals and ditches is 5 ~ 10% of the rice field gross area.
Further, in steps A, (4) protection arranges the mesh of described wire netting is the rectangle of 6x8cm, and scarecrow height is 1.6 ~ 1.8m.
Further, the nylon in steps A described in (5) culvert system prevents that the aperture of escaping to net is 20 ~ 30 orders, and string diameter is 0.3 ~ 0.4mm.
Further, the pulverized limestone consumption in step B described in the sterilization of (1) rice field is 25 ~ 35 kilograms every mu.
Further, in step B (2) base manure soil apply described in the weight ratio of farmers''s excrement, straw and the bed-silt that becomes thoroughly decomposed be 5:2:3, wherein straw is that one or more of wheat stalk, maize straw and rice straw were pulverized 40 orders and are obtained by mixing.
Further, in step B (3) aquatic products animals and plants cultivate described in hydrilla verticillata, waterweed and floral leaf Scirpus tabernaemontani cultivated area be raise irrigation canals and ditches 45 ~ 55%, water earthworm inoculum concentration is every square of 250 ~ 350g.
Further, paddy rice row spacing in the rows described in step C is 20 × 15cm, and the spacing in the rows of swamp cabbage is 15cm, and the line-spacing of paddy rice and swamp cabbage is 25cm.
Further, the number ratio of Tilapia mossambica described in step D, grass carp, carp and yellow cartfish is 4:7:2:3, and fry all length be 3 ~ 4cm, throw in 900 ~ 1200 tails for every mu, sterilization be with 4 ~ 6% salt solution carry out disinfection.
Further, feed the mixture that piscivorous feed is shrimp shell, dregs of beans and the iblet pulverized described in step F, and carry out fixed point feeding respectively at morning 10.00 and afternoon 5.00.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: the water earthworm inoculated in rice field is loose soil when vegetative activity, improves the nutrient content of soil, facilitate the lifting of rice yield, and fertility is strong, is the good foods of fish; Four kinds of reasonably combined fish not only can growth promoting effects mutually, and the insect such as most weeds that can eat up in rice field and wriggler, reduce rice pathogenesis rate, its ight soil of discharging is the good nutriment of paddy rice, in addition fish growth foraging activity can be stirred earth and promote the decomposition of fertilizer, for paddy growth creates the condition of better growth; The water algae of plantation not only can as the food of fish, and can improve water oxygen Gas content, purify water, and improves the environment of paddy growth, reduce the incidence of disease; By swamp cabbage and paddy rice intercropping, planting soil and space can be made full use of, and improve the ability that rice leaf and surrounding environment carry out gas and exchange of moisture, enhance Net Photosynthetic Rate and available tillering, and then improve output.This stereoscopic cultivation method, by reasonably combined animals and plants mixed breed, improves the seed output and quality of paddy rice, reduces damage by disease and insect incidence; decrease the use of chemical pesticide; make use of natural resources greatly and protect environment again, and the variation of income mode, greatly improve per mu yield benefit.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of novel rice field stereo plantation method, comprises the steps:
A: rice field is repaired: the annual the first tenday period of a month in May repair rice field, are specially:
(1) raising irrigation canals and ditches are dug: in rice field surrounding and plantation field, dig out " day " font or sphere of movements for the elephants shape raising irrigation canals and ditches, the width of raising irrigation canals and ditches is 70 ~ 85cm, the degree of depth is 80 ~ 90cm, and its cross section is trapezium structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom;
(2) field stalk builds: add soil in the raising outside of trenches of rice field surrounding and erect ridge, and ridge width is 70 ~ 80cm, is highly 60 ~ 70cm, and its cross section is up-narrow and down-wide trapezium structure;
(3) consolidation: compacting process is carried out to the raising bottom of trench of irrigation canals and ditches and the stalk dike surface of ridge;
(4) protection is arranged: build a concrete column in ridge surrounding every 1.5m, post height 2.2m, and on concrete column, cover the wire netting built and formed and lie around, and is provided with four scarecrows in ridge corner;
(5) culvert system: arrange water inlet ridge one jiao, arrange a discharge outlet at the trench bottom at its diagonal angle, enters discharge outlet and is equipped with that nylon is anti-escapes net;
B: aquatic animals and plants is raised: the transplanting cultivation operation carrying out aquatic animals and plants then mid-April, is specially:
(1) rice field sterilization: with pulverized limestone to raising irrigation canals and ditches and the disinfection of plantation field;
(2) base manure soil applies: after sterilizing one week, will become thoroughly decomposed farmers''s excrement, straw and the bed-silt that becomes thoroughly decomposed mixing after-applied in plantation field with raise on irrigation canals and ditches, applying is highly 12cm;
(3) aquatic products animals and plants are cultivated: in raising irrigation canals and ditches, plant hydrilla verticillata, waterweed and floral leaf Scirpus tabernaemontani, inoculate water earthworm simultaneously on base manure soil;
C: paddy rice and crop-planting: start rice cultivation on plantation field then the first tenday period of a month in June and interplant swamp cabbage, often planting three row paddy rice and interplant a line swamp cabbage;
D: fish stocking: at Rice Cropping after 9 days, will put in a suitable place to breed in raising irrigation canals and ditches after the sterilization of the fry of Tilapia mossambica, grass carp, carp and yellow cartfish;
E: daily management: between the paddy rice growth stage, guaranteed water level is higher than plantation field 8 ~ 10cm, and period carries out water supply and drainage work, and every day, to fish feeding twice, carries out respectively at the morning and evening;
F: gathering of crop and fish: at the bottom of June at the bottom of October period, carry out gathering once when the tender stem of swamp cabbage grows to 23 ~ 25cm, the first tenday period of a month in October fish for sale to fish, and mid-October can to paddy rice harvesting.
Further, in steps A, (1) digs the area of raising raising irrigation canals and ditches described in irrigation canals and ditches is 8 ~ 10% of the rice field gross area.
Further, in steps A, (4) protection arranges the mesh of described wire netting is the rectangle of 6x8cm, and scarecrow height is 1.7m.
Further, the nylon in steps A described in (5) culvert system prevents that the aperture of escaping to net is 25 orders, and string diameter is 0.35mm.
Further, the pulverized limestone consumption in step B described in the sterilization of (1) rice field is 35 kilograms every mu.
Further, in step B (2) base manure soil apply described in the weight ratio of farmers''s excrement, straw and the bed-silt that becomes thoroughly decomposed be 5:2:3, wherein straw is that one or more of wheat stalk, maize straw and rice straw were pulverized 40 orders and are obtained by mixing.
Further, in step B (3) aquatic products animals and plants cultivate described in hydrilla verticillata, waterweed and floral leaf Scirpus tabernaemontani cultivated area be raise irrigation canals and ditches 50 ~ 55%, water earthworm inoculum concentration is every square of 350g.
Further, paddy rice row spacing in the rows described in step C is 20 × 15cm, and the spacing in the rows of swamp cabbage is 15cm, and the line-spacing of paddy rice and swamp cabbage is 25cm.
Further, the number ratio of Tilapia mossambica described in step D, grass carp, carp and yellow cartfish is 4:7:2:3, and fry all length be 3 ~ 4cm, throw in 1100 tails for every mu, sterilization be with 6% salt solution carry out disinfection.
Further, feed the mixture that piscivorous feed is shrimp shell, dregs of beans and the iblet pulverized described in step F, and carry out fixed point feeding respectively at morning 10.00 and afternoon 5.00.
In order to contrast effect of the present invention, choose the experimental field that two pieces of areas are identical, close on, paddy rice selects rich two excellent No. 9 paddy rice, and one piece is carried out Rice Cropping by the method described in embodiment 1, another block is planted as a control group in the mode of common rice nonoculture, and following table is correction data:
Embodiment 1 Control group
Per mu yield (kg) 520 470
The incidence of disease (%) 5.2 18.7
Every mu of net income (unit) 1450 900
Note: this table incidence of disease is in damage by disease and insect such as the glutinous leaf seasonal febrile diseases of the yellow shell of paddy rice, tassel blast, bacterial leaf-blight, rice fulgorid, rice plant skippers.

Claims (10)

1. a novel rice field stereo plantation method, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
A: rice field is repaired: the annual the first tenday period of a month in May repair rice field, are specially:
(1) raising irrigation canals and ditches are dug: in rice field surrounding and plantation field, dig out " day " font or sphere of movements for the elephants shape raising irrigation canals and ditches, the width of raising irrigation canals and ditches is 65 ~ 85cm, the degree of depth is 75 ~ 90cm, and its cross section is trapezium structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom;
(2) field stalk builds: add soil in the raising outside of trenches of rice field surrounding and erect ridge, and ridge width is 60 ~ 80cm, is highly 60 ~ 75cm, and its cross section is up-narrow and down-wide trapezium structure;
(3) consolidation: compacting process is carried out to the raising bottom of trench of irrigation canals and ditches and the stalk dike surface of ridge;
(4) protection is arranged: build a concrete column in ridge surrounding every 1.5m, the high 1.8 ~ 2.2m of post, and on concrete column, cover the wire netting built and formed and lie around, and is provided with four scarecrows in ridge corner;
(5) culvert system: arrange water inlet ridge one jiao, arrange a discharge outlet at the trench bottom at its diagonal angle, enters discharge outlet and is equipped with that nylon is anti-escapes net;
B: aquatic animals and plants is raised: the transplanting cultivation operation carrying out aquatic animals and plants then mid-April, is specially:
(1) rice field sterilization: with pulverized limestone to raising irrigation canals and ditches and the disinfection of plantation field;
(2) base manure soil applies: after sterilizing one week, will become thoroughly decomposed farmers''s excrement, straw and the bed-silt that becomes thoroughly decomposed mixing after-applied in plantation field with raise on irrigation canals and ditches, applying is highly 8 ~ 15cm;
(3) aquatic products animals and plants are cultivated: in raising irrigation canals and ditches, plant hydrilla verticillata, waterweed and floral leaf Scirpus tabernaemontani, inoculate water earthworm simultaneously on base manure soil;
C: paddy rice and crop-planting: start rice cultivation on plantation field then the first tenday period of a month in June and interplant swamp cabbage, often planting three row paddy rice and interplant a line swamp cabbage;
D: fish stocking: at Rice Cropping after 8 ~ 10 days, will put in a suitable place to breed in raising irrigation canals and ditches after the sterilization of the fry of Tilapia mossambica, grass carp, carp and yellow cartfish;
E: daily management: between the paddy rice growth stage, guaranteed water level is higher than plantation field 8 ~ 12cm, and period carries out water supply and drainage work, and every day, to fish feeding twice, carries out respectively at the morning and evening;
F: gathering of crop and fish: at the bottom of June at the bottom of October period, carry out gathering once when the tender stem of swamp cabbage grows to 23 ~ 25cm, the first tenday period of a month in October fish for sale to fish, and mid-October can to paddy rice harvesting.
2. a kind of rice field according to claim 1 stereoscopic cultivation method, is characterized in that, in steps A, (1) digs the area of the raising irrigation canals and ditches of raising described in irrigation canals and ditches is 5 ~ 10% of the rice field gross area.
3. a kind of rice field according to claim 1 stereoscopic cultivation method, is characterized in that, in steps A, (4) protection arranges the mesh of described wire netting is the rectangle of 6x8cm, and scarecrow height is 1.6 ~ 1.8m.
4. a kind of rice field according to claim 1 stereoscopic cultivation method, is characterized in that, the nylon in steps A described in (5) culvert system prevents that the aperture of escaping to net is 20 ~ 30 orders, and string diameter is 0.3 ~ 0.4mm.
5. a kind of rice field according to claim 1 stereoscopic cultivation method, is characterized in that, the pulverized limestone consumption in step B described in the sterilization of (1) rice field is 25 ~ 35 kilograms every mu.
6. a kind of rice field according to claim 1 stereoscopic cultivation method, it is characterized in that, in step B (2) base manure soil apply described in the weight ratio of farmers''s excrement, straw and the bed-silt that becomes thoroughly decomposed be 5:2:3, wherein straw is that one or more of wheat stalk, maize straw and rice straw were pulverized 40 orders and are obtained by mixing.
7. a kind of rice field according to claim 1 stereoscopic cultivation method, it is characterized in that, in step B (3) aquatic products animals and plants cultivate described in hydrilla verticillata, waterweed and floral leaf Scirpus tabernaemontani cultivated area be raise irrigation canals and ditches 45 ~ 55%, water earthworm inoculum concentration is every square of 250 ~ 350g.
8. a kind of rice field according to claim 1 stereoscopic cultivation method, is characterized in that, paddy rice row spacing in the rows described in step C is 20 × 15cm, and the spacing in the rows of swamp cabbage is 15cm, and the line-spacing of paddy rice and swamp cabbage is 25cm.
9. a kind of rice field according to claim 1 stereoscopic cultivation method, it is characterized in that, the number ratio of Tilapia mossambica described in step D, grass carp, carp and yellow cartfish is 4:7:2:3, and fry all length be 3 ~ 4cm, every mu throw in 900 ~ 1200 tails, sterilization be with 4 ~ 6% salt solution carry out disinfection.
10. a kind of rice field according to claim 1 stereoscopic cultivation method, is characterized in that, feeds the mixture that piscivorous feed is shrimp shell, dregs of beans and the iblet pulverized, and carry out fixed point feeding respectively at morning 10.00 and afternoon 5.00 described in step F.
CN201510538847.XA 2015-08-29 2015-08-29 Novel three-dimensional planting method adopted in rice field Pending CN105028077A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106561507A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-04-19 南宁市浩发科技有限公司 Method for breeding tilapia in rice field
CN106614124A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-05-10 陈建峰 Method for rice straw treatment by using grass carp culture
CN107278576A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-10-24 黄山市多维生物(集团)有限公司 A kind of plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional
CN107278737A (en) * 2016-03-30 2017-10-24 苏州哐吃新农业科技有限公司 A kind of paddy rice fry makees ecological cultivation method altogether
CN107926548A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-04-20 安阳市农业科学院 A kind of paddy field anti-bird net building method
CN111480543A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-08-04 连州市贤鱼水产养殖专业合作社 Ecological planting and rotation mode for rice, aquatic products and flowering cabbage

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CN103782940A (en) * 2014-02-20 2014-05-14 浙江海洋学院 Recycle mixing type rice field culture method
CN104351105A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-02-18 苏州苏湘特种水产养殖场 Ecological cultivation method for cultivating fishes and loaches in rice field

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107278737A (en) * 2016-03-30 2017-10-24 苏州哐吃新农业科技有限公司 A kind of paddy rice fry makees ecological cultivation method altogether
CN106614124A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-05-10 陈建峰 Method for rice straw treatment by using grass carp culture
CN106614124B (en) * 2016-11-10 2019-10-18 东阳市特意新材料科技有限公司 A method of rice straw is administered using cultivation grass carp
CN106561507A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-04-19 南宁市浩发科技有限公司 Method for breeding tilapia in rice field
CN107278576A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-10-24 黄山市多维生物(集团)有限公司 A kind of plantation aquaculture model in the ecological rice field of multidimensional
CN107278576B (en) * 2017-07-17 2020-12-29 黄山市多维生物(集团)有限公司 Planting and breeding mode of multi-dimensional ecological rice field
CN107926548A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-04-20 安阳市农业科学院 A kind of paddy field anti-bird net building method
CN111480543A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-08-04 连州市贤鱼水产养殖专业合作社 Ecological planting and rotation mode for rice, aquatic products and flowering cabbage

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