CN105248373A - Ecological breeding method of Zhoushan white geese - Google Patents

Ecological breeding method of Zhoushan white geese Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105248373A
CN105248373A CN201510796152.1A CN201510796152A CN105248373A CN 105248373 A CN105248373 A CN 105248373A CN 201510796152 A CN201510796152 A CN 201510796152A CN 105248373 A CN105248373 A CN 105248373A
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white
tortoise
district
grazing
goose
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CN201510796152.1A
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段彩兰
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段彩兰
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of animal husbandry, and particularly relates to an ecological breeding method of Zhoushan white geese. The White Goose Farm selects hillsides and woodlands including mountain streams, sloping fields, paddy fields, and fishponds. The mountain streams pass through the sloping fields, run into the paddy fields, and then flow to the fishponds, and goose nests are built near the fishponds; tall and thick fast-growing plants are grown around the Farm to form living fences, and different functional regions are separated by the living fences; the different functional regions comprise a grassland grazing region, a paddy field grazing region, and a fishpond region. White geese produced with the method have better quality, and meanwhile ecology and water resource are protected from damage. The functional regions of the White Goose Farm have their respective different small ecological environments with their own features, are closely associated with one another and interdependent, and provide a good ecological environment and a rich food chain for the growth of white geese. Scientific feeding of white geese, high yield and high quality, zero emission of waste water and sewage, and ecological breeding of white geese consistent with sustainable development are realized, and more remarkable economic, social and ecological comprehensive benefits are created.

Description

A kind of Zhoushan white goose ecological cultivation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of animal husbandry, more specifically relate to a kind of Zhoushan white goose ecological cultivation method.
Background technology
Zhoushan white goose is commonly called as " white tortoise ", is that agriculture district, Zhoushan raises more poultry, and bird is firm, is duck section poultry, is one of Chinese Famous ground many geese kind, main product in Dinghai of East Coast of Zhejiang Province, the ground such as Xiangshan, therefore have the title of " East Zhejiang province white goose ".Zhoushan white goose strong adaptability, crude feed tolerance material, to eat grass, growth is fast, only needs about three months from young goose to adult large goose.Fertility is strong, within 1 year, can support the fourth phase, by be divided into season goose in Winter Solstice, clear and bright goose, cauliflower goose, the Summer Solstice goose.Meat fertilizer is tender, and dressing percentage is high, and edible part accounts for 71.2% of carcass.White goose economic worth is high, and goose can cook into all good dish of multiple color, as roasted goose, button goose, sauce goose, salt marsh goose etc.Goose feather can be processed into the industrial goods such as eiderdown quilt, eider down outerwear, feather fan.Zhoushan white goose has good pharmacological action, has clearing heat and detoxicating and function that is moisturizing.Zhoushan white goose meat is containing protein, fatty, vitamin A, B family vitamin, nicotinic acid, sugar.Wherein the content of protein is very high, be rich in several amino acids and multivitamin, the micro element mineral of needed by human, and fat content is very low simultaneously.Zhoushan white goose meat is nutritious, and fat content is low, and unsaturated fatty acid content is high, very favourable to health.
The action of Zhoushan white goose is very fast, climbing and diving, look for food and resistance against diseases comparatively strong, suitable mountain area terraced fields, furrow field, pool, lake cultivate, and Zhoushan white goose feeding habits are assorted and wide, crude feed tolerance, staple food pasture and water, green grass, small worm, axis block, mollusk etc.The traditional feeding manner of white tortoise is put in a suitable place to breed in mountain stream riverside, and cause certain destruction to ecology, what is more important pollutes water resource, and along with the parasitic propagation of epidemic disease.Therefore, certain destruction is caused to ecotope, and benefit is not high.
Lu Lizhi etc. report East Zhejiang province white goose raising technology new development, " Chinese poultry resource ", 2011,30 (7): 35-38.This report points out that the research of domestic goose propagation technique aspect mainly contains artificial incubation technique, technology of artificial insemination, wakes up and embrace technology and anti-season breeding technique, and these technology are just being widely used in production practices.Wang Haiyan etc. report East Zhejiang province white goose and to reserve seed for planting the popularization of technology, " Animal Husbandry in China ", 2013,04 phase: 56-57.This section of report points out that East Zhejiang province white goose is a goose kind with the powerful market competitiveness.In goose industry rotating disk escalation process, strengthen capital construction and drop into, realize stable market supply seedling throughout the year young, can lay the foundation for the industrialization integrative development of East Zhejiang province white goose.These two sections reports all describe Zhoushan white goose and have wide market prospects and better raising technology, but are not described for the cultural method of Zhoushan white goose, and therefore we need the ecological cultivation method of a kind of Zhoushan white goose.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of Zhoushan white goose ecological cultivation method, and the white tortoise quality of production is more excellent, and protecting ecology and water resource are not damaged.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes is as follows:
Forest land, selection hillside, white tortoise breeding field, comprises mountain stream, hillside fields, paddy field and fish pond; Mountain stream percolation hillside fields enters paddy field, then flows to fish pond, and limit, fish pond built in by goosepen; The plant tall and big dense rank vegetation of periphery plantation forms Biology fence, is separated respectively by difference in functionality district Biology fence; Described congenerous district comprises Grazing grassland district, grazing district, paddy field, fish pond district.
Described hillside fields is good with what sit in the north facing the south to tailo, and the hillside fields gradient is 10-15 degree.
Described Grazing grassland district is: at slope plantation good forage and Chinese herbal medicine, form grazing meadow, put in a suitable place to breed for white tortoise regional rotation grazing.
Described good forage comprise spend more inner wheat straw, setaria, Sudan grass, Trifolium repense, zea mexicana, winter herd 70, one or more in alfalfa.
Described Chinese herbal medicine comprises one or more in fructus viticis, Sweet Broomwort Herb, bower actinidia fruit, pig bezoar, Concha Ostreae, medicinal Cassia tora, corter pseudolaricis.
Various Chinese herbal medicine ratio is impartial, and be dominant 8% of good forage ratio.
The described tall and big dense rank vegetation comprises one or more in white popinac, hybrid giant napier, hybrid Chinese pennisetum.
Grazing district, described paddy field is: in paddy planting paddy rice and put Azolla imbricata in a suitable place to breed, and the paddy of results is as the feed of white tortoise, and the Azolla imbricata in paddy field, mollusk are freely looked for food for white tortoise.
Described fish pond district is: play in the water for white tortoise in fish pond, and the weter hyacinth that the water surface grows and Azolla imbricata eat for white tortoise.
The white tortoise ight soil of discharging is as the feed of fish, and the tall and big dense rank vegetation of plantation cradles rear input fish pond and feeds fish; To breed fish employing multiple stocking and multiple fishing, keep the density of breeding fish that water body is suitable.
The water in fish pond is used for irrigated grasslands grazing district.
Disperse the goose ight soil of discharging in Grazing grassland district, grazing district, paddy field, naturally received by dense grass, medicine vegetation and paddy rice; Ight soil in goosepen is mixed with fertilizer through fermentation, is applied to Biology fence.
Beneficial effect of the present invention
1. white each functional areas, tortoise breeding field different ecological subenvironment differs from one another, and close association, mutually accept, the growth for white tortoise provides good ecotope and abundant food chain.
2. utilized by stream, fodder grass and excremental benign cycle, thus achieve science raisings of white tortoise, high yield and high quality, sewage dirt zero-emission, the white tortoise sustainable development of ecologic breeding, create economical, social, ecology synthesis benefit is more remarkable.
Embodiment
A kind of Zhoushan provided by the invention white goose ecological cultivation method, concrete operating procedure is preferably as follows:
1) white forest land, selection hillside, tortoise breeding field, comprises mountain stream, hillside fields, paddy field and fish pond.Be good with what sit in the north facing the south to tailo, the hillside fields gradient is 10-15 degree.Mountain stream percolation hillside fields enters paddy field, then flows to fish pond, and limit, fish pond built in by goosepen.Goosepen periphery can plant tree green for a long time, and weeping willow planted by fish pond dike.Whole goose field periphery Biology fence (white popinac, hybrid giant napier, hybrid Chinese pennisetum etc.) is gone along with sb. to guard him, and difference in functionality district (comprising Grazing grassland district, paddy field grazing district, fish pond district) separates respectively with Biology fence.
2) slope plantation good forage (spend more inner wheat straw, setaria, Sudan grass, Trifolium repense, zea mexicana, winter herd 70, alfalfa etc.) and Chinese herbal medicine (fructus viticis, Sweet Broomwort Herb, bower actinidia fruit, pig bezoar, Concha Ostreae, medicinal Cassia tora, corter pseudolaricis etc.), form grazing meadow, put in a suitable place to breed for white tortoise regional rotation grazing.Insect on excellent herbage and meadow provides abundant nutrition for white tortoise, and Chinese herbal medicine of freely looking for food in meadow increases the pharmacodynamic feature of white tortoise.
3) paddy planting paddy rice and put Azolla imbricata in a suitable place to breed, the paddy of results is as the feed of white tortoise, and the Azolla imbricata in paddy field, mollusk are freely looked for food for white tortoise.
4) play in the water for white tortoise in fish pond, and the weter hyacinth that the water surface grows and Azolla imbricata eat for white tortoise.The white tortoise ight soil of discharging is as the feed of fish, the fast growing and high yield high quality forage of fish pond protecting slope of dam and the plantation of limit, field field bund (spend more inner wheat straw, setaria, Sudan grass, Trifolium repense, zea mexicana, winter herd 70, alfalfa etc.), cradles rear input fish pond and feeds fish.To breed fish employing multiple stocking and multiple fishing, keep the density of breeding fish that water body is suitable, thus improve the fish crop of unit are, the function of this link is on the basis providing necessary aqueous conditions for white tortoise growth, adopts three-dimensional culture pattern to create more added benefit.
5) water in fish pond is for irrigating meadow, hillside fields, promotes the quick growth of herbage and herbal medicine, and the sewage in fish pond of dissolving, avoid sewage inflow river to cause the pollution of water resource.
6) disperse the goose ight soil of discharging on grazing meadow and paddy field, naturally received by dense herbal medicine vegetation and paddy rice.Ight soil in goosepen is mixed with fertilizer through fermentation, is applied to Biology fence vegetation, promotes that it grows fast, and dirt of dissolving voluntarily.
Embodiment: be a white tortoise breeding field of unit with 72 mu of areas.
A traditional white tortoise breeding field, put white tortoise 6850 plumage in a suitable place to breed with utilizing the paddy field of the gross area 72 mu and limit, field (grazing density is about 7m 2/ plumage) to deliver for sale be every year once 6850 plumages, delivering secondary every year for sale is 13700 plumages.
Build the white tortoise ecological cultivation farm that a gross area is 72 mu, wherein 36 mu of hillside fields, 24 mu of paddy fields, 12 mu of fish ponds.36 mu of hillside fields plantings become improved grassland.The Chinese herbal medicines such as good forage and fructus viticis, Sweet Broomwort Herb, bower actinidia fruit, pig bezoar, Concha Ostreae, medicinal Cassia tora, corter pseudolaricis such as inner wheat straw is spent more in sowing, setaria, Sudan grass, Trifolium repense, zea mexicana, winter herd 70, alfalfa are as the grazing meadow of white tortoise, be divided into four rotation grazing communities, 15-20d is herded in each rotation grazing community, not herd 35-50d, rotation grazing cycle 50-70d.
24 mu of dual-purpose double cropping paddy rices of paddy planting paddy bar, and put Azolla imbricata in a suitable place to breed in rice field, the paddy of results, as the supplementary feeding fine fodder of white tortoise, is lost the spike of rice that falls and rice straw cauline leaf, Azolla imbricata and aquatic mollusk etc. and is herded for white tortoise and search for food.
Playing in the water for white tortoise in the pool building 12 mu of areas, the water surface is put Azolla imbricata in a suitable place to breed and weter hyacinth eats for white tortoise.Cultivate four large Chinese carps in pool, white tortoise comes the bait of the ight soil in water as fish.Pool protecting slope of dam and high quality forage such as high yield such as periphery plantation hybrid Chinese pennisetum, perennial ryegrass etc., cradle rear input pool and feed fish.The regular pump drainage of sewage in pool avoids polluted source for irrigating grassplot.Ight soil in goose house, after fermentation, is mixed with organic manure, for the fertilizer of Biology fence plant and herbage in white tortoise field.
Because food in abundance, environment are superior, can raise white tortoise 14000 plumage, delivering for sale is every year once 14000 plumages, and delivering secondary every year for sale is 28000 plumages.
White tortoise feeding period is longer, and its drug effect is better, and general raising just has drug effect in more than 3 months.White tortoise raises 150 days, market price every price about 75 yuan, raises 300 days market price every prices and is about 170-185 unit, so it is higher to raise 300 days benefits, and delivering for sale is every year once optimal selection.
Conclusion:
1, due to the superior healthy growth being conducive to white tortoise of ecologic breeding white tortoise goose field environmental condition, abundant food chain is that white tortoise provides more sufficient feed and more fully nutrient component, effectively can promote the growth rate of white tortoise.Test factually, compared with traditional aquaculture model, delivering average weight the same period for sale increases 200-320g.
The multiple Chinese herbal medicine of 2, white tortoise ecological cultivation farm grazing meadow being planted, and the pharmaceutical characteristic transformation function that white tortoise is exclusive, effective property of medicine Composition accumulation in the process reach the several months Chinese medicinal plant of even a year can searched for food in vivo, adds the pharmaceutical characteristic of white tortoise.And under white tortoise ecologic breeding condition, white tortoise is raised former wide, nutritious, further improves the quality of white tortoise.
3, the white tortoise field of ecologic breeding has more hurdle 6850 plumage white tortoise field year than tradition cultivation, the output value has more 1,270,000 yuan, calculate with every plumage 50 yuan of profits, profit of making profits 340,000 yuan more, and the annual of a white tortoise field of ecologic breeding is shared construction cost and is no more than 130,000 yuan, deduction builds overhead cost, and year, net income was up to more than 210,000 yuan.Add that the income of breeding fish in fish pond is more considerable.So the economic benefit highly significant of the white tortoise of ecologic breeding.
4, the white tortoise breeding mode of tradition, ecotope is damaged, and Food chain progressively disconnects, and therefore, conventional husbandry methods must change place within a certain period of time.And ecological white tortoise breeding field is due to planning of science activities management, regional rotation grazing, Appropriate application.Be conducive to biological kind to increase and procreation, make whole biological chain form benign cycle, ecological white tortoise can be practical for a long time.
5, the sewage dirt that the white tortoise breeding field of tradition produces flows into river, is formed pollute water resource.And all excretas of ecological cultivation farm can be dissolved voluntarily, and become dirty into fertile, be effectively used, finally form non-harmful product, and any pollution can not be caused to water resource.

Claims (4)

1. a Zhoushan white goose ecological cultivation method, is characterized in that: white forest land, selection hillside, tortoise breeding field, comprises mountain stream, hillside fields, paddy field and fish pond; Mountain stream percolation hillside fields enters paddy field, then flows to fish pond, and limit, fish pond built in by goosepen; The plant tall and big dense rank vegetation of periphery plantation forms Biology fence, is separated respectively by difference in functionality district Biology fence; Described difference in functionality district comprises Grazing grassland district, grazing district, paddy field, fish pond district; Described Grazing grassland district is: at slope plantation good forage and Chinese herbal medicine, form grazing meadow, put in a suitable place to breed for white tortoise regional rotation grazing; Grazing district, described paddy field is: in paddy planting paddy rice and put Azolla imbricata in a suitable place to breed, and the paddy of results is as the feed of white tortoise, and the Azolla imbricata in paddy field, mollusk are freely looked for food for white tortoise; Described fish pond district is: play in the water for white tortoise in fish pond, and the weter hyacinth that the water surface grows and Azolla imbricata eat for white tortoise; The white tortoise ight soil of discharging is as the feed of fish, and the tall and big dense rank vegetation of plantation cradles rear input fish pond and feeds fish; To breed fish employing multiple stocking and multiple fishing, keep the density of breeding fish that water body is suitable; The water in fish pond is used for irrigated grasslands grazing district; Disperse the goose ight soil of discharging in Grazing grassland district, grazing district, paddy field, naturally received by dense grass, medicine vegetation and paddy rice; Ight soil in goosepen is mixed with fertilizer through fermentation, is applied to Biology fence.
2. Zhoushan according to claim 1 white goose ecological cultivation method, is characterized in that: described good forage comprise spend more inner wheat straw, setaria, Sudan grass, Trifolium repense, zea mexicana, winter herd 70, one or more in alfalfa.
3. Zhoushan according to claim 1 white goose ecological cultivation method, is characterized in that: described Chinese herbal medicine comprises one or more in fructus viticis, Sweet Broomwort Herb, bower actinidia fruit, pig bezoar, Concha Ostreae, medicinal Cassia tora, corter pseudolaricis.
4. Zhoushan according to claim 1 white goose ecological cultivation method, is characterized in that: the described tall and big dense rank vegetation comprises one or more in white popinac, hybrid giant napier, hybrid Chinese pennisetum.
CN201510796152.1A 2015-11-18 2015-11-18 Ecological breeding method of Zhoushan white geese Pending CN105248373A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105875503A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-08-24 西南大学荣昌校区 Treatment method for increasing fertilization rate of white goose
CN106070029A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-11-09 皖西学院 A kind of white goose efficient ecological cultivating system
CN106070051A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-09 淮南市农康生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecological cultivation method raising goose scattered
CN106376522A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-08 安徽展羽生态农业开发有限公司 Ecological garden integral ecological circulation cultivation system
CN106857384A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-06-20 寿县向天歌白鹅开发有限公司 A kind of feeding method of high-quality goose
CN106912439A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-07-04 广西陆川县润润养殖有限公司 A kind of cultural method of goose
CN107318762A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-11-07 普定县亿源芳种养殖专业合作社 A kind of method that goose is supported under Eucalyptus Stand
CN108012991A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-05-11 安徽鲜森绿色食品有限公司 A kind of poultry agricultural crops coordinate ecological cultivation method
CN108575523A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-09-28 中国热带农业科学院橡胶研究所 A kind of healthy aquaculture method that rubber forest is combined with white lotus goose breeding

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105875503A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-08-24 西南大学荣昌校区 Treatment method for increasing fertilization rate of white goose
CN106070029A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-11-09 皖西学院 A kind of white goose efficient ecological cultivating system
CN106070029B (en) * 2016-06-21 2019-05-10 皖西学院 A kind of white goose efficient ecological cultivating system
CN106070051A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-09 淮南市农康生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecological cultivation method raising goose scattered
CN106376522A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-08 安徽展羽生态农业开发有限公司 Ecological garden integral ecological circulation cultivation system
CN106857384A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-06-20 寿县向天歌白鹅开发有限公司 A kind of feeding method of high-quality goose
CN106912439A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-07-04 广西陆川县润润养殖有限公司 A kind of cultural method of goose
CN107318762A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-11-07 普定县亿源芳种养殖专业合作社 A kind of method that goose is supported under Eucalyptus Stand
CN108012991A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-05-11 安徽鲜森绿色食品有限公司 A kind of poultry agricultural crops coordinate ecological cultivation method
CN108575523A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-09-28 中国热带农业科学院橡胶研究所 A kind of healthy aquaculture method that rubber forest is combined with white lotus goose breeding

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Application publication date: 20160120