CN107836271A - Fish, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method - Google Patents

Fish, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107836271A
CN107836271A CN201711225594.6A CN201711225594A CN107836271A CN 107836271 A CN107836271 A CN 107836271A CN 201711225594 A CN201711225594 A CN 201711225594A CN 107836271 A CN107836271 A CN 107836271A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pond
goose
lotus root
shrimp
forest
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Pending
Application number
CN201711225594.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈再春
陈小华
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Chongqing Qin Hantang Eco Agricultural Tourism Development Co Ltd
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Chongqing Qin Hantang Eco Agricultural Tourism Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711225594.6A priority Critical patent/CN107836271A/en
Publication of CN107836271A publication Critical patent/CN107836271A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New or modified breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Marine Sciences & Fisheries (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses fish, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method, realize by building cultivation density set by plant and breeding process and build small-sized ecological environment, the material that fishes and shrimps lotus root and trees are carried out by cultivating excreta caused by meat goose circulates, and finally realizes the structure of small-sized ecological environment.The present invention can cultivate and plant simultaneously the animals and plants of multiple kinds, and the destruction to environment is smaller, and income return is higher, and sustainability is high.

Description

Fish, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural breeding field of planting, particularly fish, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method.
Background technology
Modern agriculture is as the progress of science and technology is there occurs obvious progress, but the plantation breeding way of agricultural chases after mostly now The mode for speed profit of seeking quickness, cultivate or plant frequently with single variety to quickly make a profit, while apply various fertilizer and agricultural chemicals, This causes great destruction to ecological environment, and because excessive applies agricultural chemicals and the product quality of fertilizer plantation and cultivation It is not high.
Comprehensive cultivation now with part mainly cultivates duck in pond, while realizes a variety of cultivation, but cultivates Kind is still less, and economy return is still by based on highdensity cultivation, it is impossible to the small-sized ecology of culturing area component again Environment, still to culturing area outside ecology cause larger destruction.
The content of the invention
In view of the drawbacks described above of prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide fish, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecologic breeding side Method, the animals and plants of multiple kinds can be cultivated and plant simultaneously, the small-sized ecological zone of component, the destruction to environment is smaller, economical Income return is higher, and sustainability is high.
The purpose of the present invention realized by such technical scheme, the fish, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method Comprise the following steps:
(1) cultivation place is built
A circular pond is built, a circular platform is built at pond center;Fountain head is installed on platform;Under pond bottom It is supreme to be paved with fresh earth and mud;Pond bottom is divided into by two regions by mesh division board, the ratio between two region areas are Not less than 4;Lotus root, which is planted in two regions, takes up an area in larger region;
It is 4~5 times of structure land areas of land area according to pond area;Land area is wrapped in pond periphery;Forest It is planted in land area;Goose house is located at the inside region on land;
(2) planting density
The density of fry is the tail of every mu of waters 1~1.5 ten thousand;The density of forest is every mu of land area 200~250;Goose Density according to every mu of land area 200;The density of shrimp is every mu of 200, waters;
(3) kind of a process is supported
First Year is planted in the inside region on land, and the 2.5th year outer peripheral areas on land is planted, and the 5th year by land area New forest is planted after forest felling on the inside of domain;The forest of 7.5th year felling land area periphery simultaneously plants new forest, with Planted and cut down forest by this circulation afterwards;
Annual spring puts into fry, shrimp seedling in pond, and plants lower lotus root;Second Year spring does fishing before and shrimp, simultaneously Lotus root is dug after pond reclaimed water is allowed to dry;Dig after the completion of lotus root to pond disinfection, water storage, put into after water storage is full under fry, shrimp seedling and kind Lotus root;
Every night goose enter goose house after, fountain head pours the excrement of the goose on circular platform in pond, annual raising Two batches meat goose;
The depth of water is maintained at 2~3 meters in pond;Pond water quality permeability is at 20~40 centimetres;Dissolved oxygen amount in water exists More than 3.5mg/L;The pH value of water is 6.5~8.5;Pond water keeps flowing water change, and the quantity of exchanged water in every 3 months ponds is pond water The 100% of capacity.
Further, the goose house ground tilts 3~5 degree to pond;Every morning goose leave goose house after, use hydraulic giant will The excrement of goose house is poured in pond.
Further, the ground level of land area is higher than 50~100 centimetres of pond ordinary water level;Pond wall uses coagulation Soil pours;Pond wall is provided with some connection land area undergrounds and the pipeline in pond;Pipeline is less than pond ordinary water level Highly 50 centimetres.
Further, the time to cut down forest every time is after pond discharges water;After forest felling, using machinery by after felling The soil of forest and the mud in pond exchange.
Further, the mud in the pond exchanged with the soil of the forest after felling is the region for not planting lotus root.
Further, the mud of exchange is located at the upper strata of Pond Silt, and is embedded in the soil lower floor of the forest after felling, mutually Soil after changing is embedded in Pond Silt lower floor.
Further, fry includes crucian, silver carp, grass carp and catfish, and quantity ratio is followed successively by 2:5:2:1;The throwing of catfish seedling Putting the time is later than crucian, silver carp, 3 months grass carp release times.
Further, the thickness of bottom fresh earth is 30~40 centimetres when pond is built, and the thickness of mud is 10~15 Centimetre;The species of mud is Pond Silt.
Further, forest kind is cypress, Chinese fir, eucalyptus and camphor tree, and quantity ratio is followed successively by 4:3:2:1;Cypress, China fir Gap ratio between tree, eucalyptus and the adjacent forest of camphor tree is followed successively by 2:3:2:3.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, the present invention has the advantage that:Cooperated and given birth to using a variety of animals and plants One small-sized ecological environment of long mode component, waste caused by every kind of animals and plants and pollutant are all by inside minienvironment Manage, larger destruction will not be caused to external environment condition, and take full advantage of limited breeding area and improve income.
Other advantages, target and the feature of the present invention will be illustrated in the following description to a certain extent, and And to a certain extent, based on will be apparent to those skilled in the art to investigating hereafter, Huo Zheke To be instructed from the practice of the present invention.The target and other advantages of the present invention can be wanted by following specification and right Book is sought to realize and obtain.
Embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment:
The fish, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method comprise the following steps:
(1) cultivation place is built
A circular pond is built, pond wall uses concreting;A circular platform is built at pond center;On platform Fountain head is installed;Usually goose can be entered on platform by pond and be had a rest, and come the excrement on platform and passed through spray at night Head is poured in pond;
It is supreme under pond bottom to be paved with fresh earth and mud;The thickness of bottom fresh earth is 30~40 when pond is built Centimetre, the thickness of mud is 10~15 centimetres;The species of mud is Pond Silt;
Pond bottom is divided into by two regions by mesh division board, the ratio between two region areas are 4;Lotus root is planted in Liang Ge areas Take up an area in domain in larger region;Pond bottom is split up into by two regions by demarcation strip, lotus root will not when growth It is covered with whole pond completely;Growing space has been reserved to other plant.
It is 5 times of structure land areas of land area according to pond area;Land area is wrapped in pond periphery;It is wrapped in pond Pool periphery can carry out a series of management such as water by pond.
The ground level of land area is higher than 100 centimetres of pond ordinary water level;Pond wall is provided with some connection land areas Domain underground and the pipeline in pond;Pipeline is less than 50 centimetres of pond ordinary water level height.By such a mode in arid season Section, the water that forest can be absorbed in pond are grown, and rainy weather can be discharged water unnecessary in pond by pipeline.
Forest is planted in land area;Goose house is located at the inside region on land;Goose house ground tilts 3~5 degree to pond;Often Its in morning goose leave goose house after, the excrement of goose house is poured in pond using hydraulic giant.Both the sanitation and hygiene of goose house had been maintained, had also been given The microorganism and silver carp for eating sugar provide food.
(2) planting density
The density of fry is every mu of tail of waters 1.2 ten thousand;The density of forest is every mu of land area 250;The density of goose is pressed According to every mu of land area 200;The density of shrimp is every mu of 200, waters;
(3) kind of a process is supported
Annual spring puts into fry, shrimp seedling in pond, and plants lower lotus root;Fry includes crucian, silver carp, grass carp and catfish, Quantity ratio is followed successively by 2:5:2:1;The release time of catfish seedling is later than crucian, silver carp, 3 months grass carp release times;Due to crucian Eat less biology, silver carp eats animal wastes, and grass carp pastures, catfish eat meiofauna can by the various microorganisms in pond and Meiofauna uniformly utilizes;And because cultivation is meat goose, so excrement amount is larger caused by daily, so as to the ratio of silver carp Example is larger so that the small-sized ecological balance.
Second Year spring does fishing before and shrimp, while digs lotus root after pond reclaimed water is allowed to dry;Pond is disappeared after the completion of digging lotus root Poison, water storage, fry, shrimp seedling and kind lower lotus root are put into after water storage is full;
Every night goose enter goose house after, fountain head pours the excrement of the goose on circular platform in pond, annual raising Two batches meat goose;Meat goose usually can also be drained into forest region, so as to carry out getting fat to forest region.
First Year is planted in the inside region on land, and the 2.5th year outer peripheral areas on land is planted, and the 5th year by land area New forest is planted after forest felling on the inside of domain;The forest of 7.5th year felling land area periphery simultaneously plants new forest, with Planted and cut down forest by this circulation afterwards;By shifting cultivation forest, certain convalescence is reserved to soil, and make full use of Soil.
Forest kind is cypress, Chinese fir, eucalyptus and camphor tree, and quantity ratio is followed successively by 4:3:2:1;Cypress, Chinese fir, eucalyptus and camphor tree The gap ratio set between adjacent forest is followed successively by 2:3:2:3;According to the tree growth speed of different cultivars, tree crown size and various The demand of element sets quantity ratio and distance than taking full advantage of land resource.
The time to cut down forest every time is after pond discharges water;After forest felling, using machinery by the soil of the forest after felling The mud in the region for not planting lotus root in earth and pond exchanges;The mud of exchange is located at the upper strata of Pond Silt, and be embedded in felling after The soil lower floor of forest, the soil after exchange are embedded in Pond Silt lower floor.Because land use is very abundant, the fertility meeting in soil The fertility for being decreased obviously the displacement soil by soil and mud is maintained at certain degree.
The depth of water is maintained at 2~3 meters in pond;Pond water quality permeability is at 20~40 centimetres;Dissolved oxygen amount in water exists More than 3.5mg/L;The pH value of water is 6.5~8.5;Pond water keeps flowing water change, and the quantity of exchanged water in every 3 months ponds is pond water The 100% of capacity.By the above-mentioned requirement to water quality, so that water quality meets the cultivation requirement of fishes and shrimps.
Finally illustrate, the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention and it is unrestricted, although with reference to compared with The present invention is described in detail good embodiment, it will be understood by those within the art that, can be to the skill of the present invention Art scheme is modified or equivalent substitution, and without departing from the objective and scope of the technical program, it all should cover in the present invention Right among.

Claims (9)

1. fish, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method, it is characterised in that the fish, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method bag Include following steps:
(1) cultivation place is built
A circular pond is built, a circular platform is built at pond center;Fountain head is installed on platform;It is supreme under pond bottom It is paved with fresh earth and mud;Pond bottom is divided into by two regions by mesh division board, the ratio between two region areas are not small In 4;Lotus root, which is planted in two regions, takes up an area in larger region;
It is 4~5 times of structure land areas of land area according to pond area;Land area is wrapped in pond periphery;Forest is planted In land area;Goose house is located at the inside region on land;
(2) planting density
The density of fry is the tail of every mu of waters 1~1.5 ten thousand;The density of forest is every mu of land area 200~250;Goose it is close Degree is according to every mu of land area 200;The density of shrimp is every mu of 200, waters;
(3) kind of a process is supported
First Year is planted in the inside region on land, and the 2.5th year outer peripheral areas on land is planted, and the 5th year by land area New forest is planted after the forest felling of side;The forest of 7.5th year felling land area periphery simultaneously plants new forest, presses later This circulation is planted and cut down forest;
Annual spring puts into fry, shrimp seedling in pond, and plants lower lotus root;Do fishing before Second Year spring and shrimp, while by pond Pool reclaimed water digs lotus root after being allowed to dry;Dig after the completion of lotus root to pond disinfection, water storage, fry, shrimp seedling and kind lower lotus root are put into after water storage is full;
Every night goose enter goose house after, fountain head pours the excrement of the goose on circular platform in pond, raises two batches every year Meat goose;
The depth of water is maintained at 2~3 meters in pond;Pond water quality permeability is at 20~40 centimetres;Dissolved oxygen amount in water 3.5mg/L with On;The pH value of water is 6.5~8.5;Pond water keeps flowing water change, and the quantity of exchanged water in every 3 months ponds is pond water capacity 100%.
2. fish according to claim 1, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method, it is characterised in that;The goose house ground to Pond tilts 3~5 degree;Every morning goose leave goose house after, the excrement of goose house is poured in pond using hydraulic giant.
3. fish according to claim 1, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method, it is characterised in that;The ground of land area Highly it is higher than 50~100 centimetres of pond ordinary water level;Pond wall uses concreting;Pond wall is provided with some connection land Region underground and the pipeline in pond;Pipeline is less than 50 centimetres of pond ordinary water level height.
4. fish according to claim 1, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method, it is characterised in that;Cut down forest every time Time is after pond discharges water;After forest felling, the soil of the forest after felling and the mud in pond are exchanged using machinery.
5. fish according to claim 4, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method, it is characterised in that;With the forest after felling The mud in pond that exchanges of soil be the region for not planting lotus root.
6. fish according to claim 4, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method, it is characterised in that;The mud of exchange is located at The upper strata of Pond Silt, and the soil lower floor of the forest after felling is embedded in, the soil after exchange is embedded in Pond Silt lower floor.
7. fish according to claim 4, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method, it is characterised in that;Fry include crucian, Silver carp, grass carp and catfish, quantity ratio are followed successively by 2:5:2:1;When the release time of catfish seedling is later than crucian, silver carp, grass carp dispensing Between 3 months.
8. fish according to claim 4, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method, it is characterised in that;Bottom when pond is built The thickness of fresh earth is 30~40 centimetres, and the thickness of mud is 10~15 centimetres;The species of mud is Pond Silt.
9. fish according to claim 4, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method, it is characterised in that;Forest kind is cypress Tree, Chinese fir, eucalyptus and camphor tree, quantity ratio are followed successively by 4:3:2:1;Spacing between cypress, Chinese fir, eucalyptus and the adjacent forest of camphor tree Than being followed successively by 2:3:2:3.
CN201711225594.6A 2017-11-29 2017-11-29 Fish, shrimp, goose, woods, lotus root ecological cultivation method Pending CN107836271A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109247296A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-01-22 湖南海佳食品科技有限公司 A kind of environmentally protective cultural method of Mount Huang Tou Gu duck
CN109328832A (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-02-15 浙江省海洋水产养殖研究所 The breeding coupling process of mangrove area mudskipper
CN112772564A (en) * 2021-02-04 2021-05-11 大厂回族自治县地玖种植技术服务中心 Method for raising geese under forest

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104969831A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-10-14 杨晓慧 Forest, goose and fish stereo ecological cultivation method
CN106962239A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-07-21 巫山县水上红叶水产养殖有限公司 A kind of ecological three-dimensional aquaculture method

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104969831A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-10-14 杨晓慧 Forest, goose and fish stereo ecological cultivation method
CN106962239A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-07-21 巫山县水上红叶水产养殖有限公司 A kind of ecological three-dimensional aquaculture method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109247296A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-01-22 湖南海佳食品科技有限公司 A kind of environmentally protective cultural method of Mount Huang Tou Gu duck
CN109328832A (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-02-15 浙江省海洋水产养殖研究所 The breeding coupling process of mangrove area mudskipper
CN109328832B (en) * 2018-11-08 2022-03-18 浙江省海洋水产养殖研究所 Planting and breeding coupling method for big mudskipper in mangrove forest area
CN112772564A (en) * 2021-02-04 2021-05-11 大厂回族自治县地玖种植技术服务中心 Method for raising geese under forest

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Application publication date: 20180327