CN107853108A - A kind of lobster cultivation method based on rice field - Google Patents

A kind of lobster cultivation method based on rice field Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107853108A
CN107853108A CN201710984957.8A CN201710984957A CN107853108A CN 107853108 A CN107853108 A CN 107853108A CN 201710984957 A CN201710984957 A CN 201710984957A CN 107853108 A CN107853108 A CN 107853108A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rice
ditch
water
lobster
shrimp seedling
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Pending
Application number
CN201710984957.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙先富
王志举
陈萍
廖胜斌
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Hefei Wanfeng Ecological Rice Shrimp Culture Cooperative
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Hefei Wanfeng Ecological Rice Shrimp Culture Cooperative
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Priority to CN201710984957.8A priority Critical patent/CN107853108A/en
Publication of CN107853108A publication Critical patent/CN107853108A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/22Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/16Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using chemical substances
    • A61L2/23Solid substances, e.g. granules, powders, blocks, tablets
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The present invention relates to lobster cultivation technique field, and a kind of lobster cultivation method based on rice field is disclosed, comprised the following steps:The selection and transformation in rice field:Choose have abundant water resources, water body is pollution-free, dry season is not easy the rice field that dry and winter do not flood flooded fertile soil, after rice harvesting, rice field is scraped out into back-shaped pond, the width in back-shaped pond is 100 120 centimetres, depth is 50 70 centimetres, and cross ditch is dug in the middle part of back-shaped pond, and four ends of cross ditch are connected with back-shaped pond respectively, the width of cross ditch is 150 180 centimetres.The lobster cultivation method based on rice field, by the transformation to rice field, utilize back-shaped pond and cross ditch, increase the active area of shrimp seedling, so as to increase the activity of shrimp seedling, lift the meat of shrimp seedling, shrimp seedling can be stopped simultaneously, reduce the collision of shrimp seedling and rice seedling, so as to improve the yield in rice field, utilize oxygen increasing equipment, lift the oxygen content in water, the survival rate of shrimp seedling is improved, so as to improve yield, improves income.

Description

A kind of lobster cultivation method based on rice field
Technical field
The present invention relates to lobster cultivation technique field, specially a kind of lobster cultivation method based on rice field.
Background technology
Its meat flavour of cray is delicious, nutritious, is loved by people, and is the principal item of current shrimp culture.It is near several Year, cray natural resources were drastically reduced, and price is progressively high, therefore pass through artificial section's scholarship and self-cultivation because the market demand sharply increases Grow to meet the market demand, increasing people begins attempt to ecologic breeding, for example cray is cultivated in rice field, this mixed breeding Mode be that planting industry and aquaculture are combined, make full use of the ecosystem manually built, make cray and water Rice mutualism.Lobster is supported in rice field three advantages:First, increasing both production and income;Second, lobster can eat up wild weeds and the water of Tanaka Biology, without eating rice seedlings, moreover it is possible to eliminate the harmfulness larva including mosquito, the weeding effect of removing the evil can be played;Third, fish, Shrimp moves about, look for food contribute to rice field to loosen the soil, running water, ventilation, water in field dissolved oxygen amount can be increased, while a large amount of by metabolism discharge Excrement, serve the effect of getting fat.
But current paddy field aquaculture method and pattern are improper, the cray generally existing individual of output is smaller, color and luster is poor and Disease is more so that the survival rate of cray is affected with yield, and cannot be guaranteed that raiser obtains corresponding economic effect Benefit.Further, since the feed that the more feedings of cray of paddy field aquaculture manually compound at present, caused cray mouthfeel and nutrition Difference, do not reach the nutrition of natural cray, although while lobster will not gnaw rice seedling, rice field seedling less stable, dragon The growth of rice seedling can be equally influenceed during shrimp is travelling, so as to influence the yield of rice seedling.
The content of the invention
(1) technical problem solved
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of lobster cultivation method based on rice field, possesses lobster life The advantages that rate is high and Paddy Output is high is deposited, solves the problems, such as that lobster survival rate is low and Paddy Output is impacted.
(2) technical scheme
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of lobster cultivation method based on rice field, including Following steps:
1) selection and transformation in rice field:Selection is had abundant water resources, water body is pollution-free, dry season is not easy to dry up and winter does not flood flooded soil The fertile rice field of earth, after rice harvesting, rice field is scraped out into back-shaped pond, the width in back-shaped pond is 100-120 centimetres, and depth is 50-70 centimetres, and cross ditch is dug in the middle part of back-shaped pond, and four ends of cross ditch are connected with back-shaped pond respectively, cross ditch Width be 150-180 centimetres, and place oxygen increasing equipment in back-shaped pond and the inside of cross ditch.
2) disinfection:To Rice Cropping, apply quick lime in back-shaped pond and cross ditch to carry out disinfection, the every mu of amount of applying For 30-50 kilograms, number of days is applied as 3-5 days, is stood.
3) plantation biology:It is heavy water-based aquatic that bog pondweed, black algae, hornwort and wheel blade etc. are planted in back-shaped pond and cross ditch Plant, and in water surface planting cucurbit, the area of pasture and water is generally the 30%-40% of back-shaped pond and cross ditch, and pasture and water are sporadicly divided Cloth.
4) shrimp seedling is launched:In 5-6 months, cross ditch and back-shaped pond to rice field launch shrimp seedling, and the size of shrimp seedling is 2-4 lis Rice, and shrimp seedling male and female ratio is 1:1.8, and the throw-in density of shrimp seedling is 4000-6000 tails/every mu.
5) nursing of shrimp seedling:After shrimp seedling is launched 3 days, small fish and meat mincing are stirred, while mixed protein content Lobster special feed not less than 25%, to shrimp seedling carry out feeding, daily feeding twice, respectively in the morning 8:30-9:30 and 18: 30-19:30, each injected volume is the 2%-3% of shrimp seedling gross weight, when shrimp seedling is into 6-7 centimetres of long value, uses spiral shell, freshwater mussel instead Lobster special feed of the protein content not less than 25% is coordinated to carry out feeding with plant feed.
6) Rice Cropping:Choose resistant to lodging, disease and insect resistance and the high high-grade rice kind of yield is planted, planting density For every mu of 3000-4000 strains, adjacent rice seedling spacing is 50-70 centimetres, while after plantation 2-3 weeks, controlling water level is in 15- 30 centimetres, and highly improve water level according to rice, rice keeps central water water in field position at 50-80 centimetres in the maturity period.
7) caught:After shrimp seedling raising 2-3 months, caught to growing to 50-70 grams into shrimp, reduce cultivation Density, promotes the growth of lobster, while supplements lobster seedling, and magnitude of recruitment is the 20% of amount of fishing, and will be reached before rice harvesting All caught to 50 grams into shrimp, remaining lobster seedling gives over to seed shrimp in cross ditch and back-shaped pond, while pays attention to weather Change, not catch in weather sultry weather.
Preferably, lobster special feed is that animal row bait and vegetal bait press 1 in the step 5):2 ratio is mixed Close, while vegetal bait pulverizes for wheat bran, soybean residue and wheat and mixed, animal bait is dried silkworm chrysalis meal, earthworm and fish Powder mixes.
Preferably, Water filling fertilizing is carried out in back-shaped pond and cross ditch, simultaneously after the transformation of rice field in the step 1) Fertilizer chooses 30-50 part edible mushrooms residue, 60-80 parts chicken droppings, 50-80 parts pig manure, 70-90 parts fish pond mud and 1-2 parts respectively The mineral matter containing the element such as potassium and ammonium mixed, then to mixture carry out fermentation 15-30 days, so as to which fertilizer be made Material.
Preferably, oxygen increasing equipment in the step 1) respectively in the morning 5:00-7:00 and at night 9:30-11:30 open, Simultaneously under sunny weather, the 12 of noon:00-13:00 opens a hour, so as to ensure the normal oxygen absorbed of lobster, makes water In dissolved oxygen amount be 3.5-5.5 mg/litres.
Preferably, in the step 6) during Rice Cropping, within 1-1.5 hour after spraying insecticide every time Need to change the water in back-shaped pond and cross ditch, and replacing amount must not be less than total Water in back-shaped pond and cross ditch 70%.
(3) beneficial effect
Compared with prior art, the invention provides a kind of lobster cultivation method based on rice field, possess following beneficial to effect Fruit:
1st, the lobster cultivation method based on rice field is somebody's turn to do, by the transformation to rice field, back-shaped pond and cross ditch is utilized, increases shrimp The active area of seedling, so as to increase the activity of shrimp seedling, the meat of shrimp seedling is lifted, while shrimp seedling can be stopped, reduced The collision of shrimp seedling and rice seedling, so as to improving the yield in rice field, using oxygen increasing equipment, the oxygen content in water is lifted, improves shrimp seedling Survival rate, so as to improve yield, improve income.
2nd, the lobster cultivation method based on rice field is somebody's turn to do, passes through the control to shrimp seedling amount and rice seedling amount, increases space, so as to subtract Few collision, yield is improved, while by being sterilized to cross ditch and back-shaped pond, the restriction of mixed feed, existence ring is improved to lobster Border, so that survival rate is higher, be advantageous to the growth and hatching of shrimp seedling, improve yield, pass through the control to fishing, the shrimp of residual Seedling more adapts to environment, so as to increase survival rate, while the shrimp seedling adaptation environment for driving the later stage to launch, form good circulation.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiments of the invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely retouched State, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the present invention In embodiment, the every other implementation that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Example, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment one:
A kind of lobster cultivation method based on rice field, comprises the following steps:
1) selection and transformation in rice field:Selection is had abundant water resources, water body is pollution-free, dry season is not easy to dry up and winter does not flood flooded soil The fertile rice field of earth, after rice harvesting, rice field is scraped out into back-shaped pond, the width in back-shaped pond is 100-120 centimetres, and depth is 50-70 centimetres, and cross ditch is dug in the middle part of back-shaped pond, and four ends of cross ditch are connected with back-shaped pond respectively, cross ditch Width be 150-180 centimetres, after rice field is transformed, carry out Water filling fertilizing in back-shaped pond and cross ditch, while fertilizer point Xuan Qu not 50 parts of edible mushroom residues, 80 parts of chicken droppings, 80 parts of pig manures, 90 parts of fish pond mud and 2 parts of the ore deposit containing the element such as potassium and ammonium Material is mixed, and fermentation 130 days is then carried out to mixture, so as to be made fertilizer, and in back-shaped pond and cross ditch Oxygen increasing equipment is placed in inside, oxygen increasing equipment respectively in the morning 5:00-7:00 and at night 9:30-11:30 open, while in fine day day Under gas, the 12 of noon:00-13:00 opens a hour, so as to ensure the normal oxygen absorbed of lobster, makes the dissolved oxygen amount in water be 3.5-5.5 mg/litre.
2) disinfection:To Rice Cropping, apply quick lime in back-shaped pond and cross ditch to carry out disinfection, the every mu of amount of applying For 50 kilograms, number of days is applied as 5 days, is stood.
3) plantation biology:It is heavy water-based aquatic that bog pondweed, black algae, hornwort and wheel blade etc. are planted in back-shaped pond and cross ditch Plant, and in water surface planting cucurbit, the area of pasture and water is generally the 30%-40% of back-shaped pond and cross ditch, and pasture and water are sporadicly divided Cloth.
4) shrimp seedling is launched:In June, cross ditch and back-shaped pond to rice field launch shrimp seedling, and the size of shrimp seedling is 2-4 lis Rice, and shrimp seedling male and female ratio is 1:1.8, and the throw-in density of shrimp seedling is 4000 tails/every mu.
5) nursing of shrimp seedling:After shrimp seedling is launched 3 days, small fish and meat mincing are stirred, while mixed protein content Lobster special feed not less than 25%, to shrimp seedling carry out feeding, daily feeding twice, respectively in the morning 8:30-9:30 and 18: 30-19:30, each injected volume is the 3% of shrimp seedling gross weight, when shrimp seedling is into 6-7 centimetres of long value, uses spiral shell, freshwater mussel and plant instead Lobster special feed of the physical property feed formulation protein content not less than 25% carries out feeding, and lobster special feed is animal row bait Material and vegetal bait press 1:2 ratio mixing, while vegetal bait pulverizes for wheat bran, soybean residue and wheat and mixed, Animal bait is that dried silkworm chrysalis meal, earthworm and fish meal mix.
6) Rice Cropping:Choose resistant to lodging, disease and insect resistance and the high high-grade rice kind of yield is planted, planting density For 3000 plants every mu, adjacent rice seedling spacing is 50-70 centimetres, while after plantation 2-3 weeks, controlling water level is at 15-30 lis Rice, and highly improve water level according to rice, rice is in the maturity period, and holding central water water in field position is at 50-80 centimetres, Rice Cropping mistake Cheng Zhong, need to change the water in back-shaped pond and cross ditch within 1-1.5 hour after spraying insecticide every time, and more The amount of changing must not be less than 70% of total Water in back-shaped pond and cross ditch.
7) caught:After shrimp seedling raising 2-3 months, caught to growing to 50-70 grams into shrimp, reduce cultivation Density, promotes the growth of lobster, while supplements lobster seedling, and magnitude of recruitment is the 20% of amount of fishing, and will be reached before rice harvesting All caught to 50 grams into shrimp, remaining lobster seedling gives over to seed shrimp in cross ditch and back-shaped pond, while pays attention to weather Change, not catch in weather sultry weather.
Embodiment two:
A kind of lobster cultivation method based on rice field, comprises the following steps:
1) selection and transformation in rice field:Selection is had abundant water resources, water body is pollution-free, dry season is not easy to dry up and winter does not flood flooded soil The fertile rice field of earth, after rice harvesting, rice field is scraped out into back-shaped pond, the width in back-shaped pond is 100-120 centimetres, and depth is 50-70 centimetres, and cross ditch is dug in the middle part of back-shaped pond, and four ends of cross ditch are connected with back-shaped pond respectively, cross ditch Width be 150-180 centimetres, after rice field is transformed, carry out Water filling fertilizing in back-shaped pond and cross ditch, while fertilizer point Xuan Qu not 30 parts of edible mushroom residues, 60 parts of chicken droppings, 50 parts of pig manures, 70 parts of fish pond mud and 1 part of the ore deposit containing the element such as potassium and ammonium Material is mixed, and fermentation 15 days is then carried out to mixture, so as to which fertilizer be made, and in back-shaped pond and cross ditch Oxygen increasing equipment is placed in portion, oxygen increasing equipment respectively in the morning 5:00-7:00 and at night 9:30-11:30 open, while in sunny weather Under, the 12 of noon:00-13:00 opens a hour, so as to ensure the normal oxygen absorbed of lobster, makes the dissolved oxygen amount in water be 3.5-5.5 mg/litre.
2) disinfection:To Rice Cropping, apply quick lime in back-shaped pond and cross ditch to carry out disinfection, the every mu of amount of applying For 30 kilograms, number of days is applied as 3 days, is stood.
3) plantation biology:It is heavy water-based aquatic that bog pondweed, black algae, hornwort and wheel blade etc. are planted in back-shaped pond and cross ditch Plant, and in water surface planting cucurbit, the area of pasture and water is generally the 30%-40% of back-shaped pond and cross ditch, and pasture and water are sporadicly divided Cloth.
4) shrimp seedling is launched:In May, cross ditch and back-shaped pond to rice field launch shrimp seedling, and the size of shrimp seedling is 2-4 lis Rice, and shrimp seedling male and female ratio is 1:1.8, and the throw-in density of shrimp seedling is 4000 tails/every mu.
5) nursing of shrimp seedling:After shrimp seedling is launched 3 days, small fish and meat mincing are stirred, while mixed protein content Lobster special feed not less than 25%, to shrimp seedling carry out feeding, daily feeding twice, respectively in the morning 8:30-9:30 and 18: 30-19:30, each injected volume is the 2% of shrimp seedling gross weight, when shrimp seedling is into 6-7 centimetres of long value, uses spiral shell, freshwater mussel and plant instead Lobster special feed of the physical property feed formulation protein content not less than 25% carries out feeding, and lobster special feed is animal row bait Material and vegetal bait press 1:2 ratio mixing, while vegetal bait pulverizes for wheat bran, soybean residue and wheat and mixed, Animal bait is that dried silkworm chrysalis meal, earthworm and fish meal mix.
6) Rice Cropping:Choose resistant to lodging, disease and insect resistance and the high high-grade rice kind of yield is planted, planting density For 3000 plants every mu, adjacent rice seedling spacing is 50-70 centimetres, while after plantation 2-3 weeks, controlling water level is at 15-30 lis Rice, and highly improve water level according to rice, rice is in the maturity period, and holding central water water in field position is at 50-80 centimetres, Rice Cropping mistake Cheng Zhong, need to change the water in back-shaped pond and cross ditch within 1-1.5 hour after spraying insecticide every time, and more The amount of changing must not be less than 70% of total Water in back-shaped pond and cross ditch.
7) caught:After shrimp seedling raising 2-3 months, caught to growing to 50-70 grams into shrimp, reduce cultivation Density, promotes the growth of lobster, while supplements lobster seedling, and magnitude of recruitment is the 20% of amount of fishing, and will be reached before rice harvesting All caught to 50 grams into shrimp, remaining lobster seedling gives over to seed shrimp in cross ditch and back-shaped pond, while pays attention to weather Change, not catch in weather sultry weather.
Embodiment three:
1) selection and transformation in rice field:Selection is had abundant water resources, water body is pollution-free, dry season is not easy to dry up and winter does not flood flooded soil The fertile rice field of earth, after rice harvesting, rice field is scraped out into back-shaped pond, the width in back-shaped pond is 100-120 centimetres, and depth is 50-70 centimetres, and cross ditch is dug in the middle part of back-shaped pond, and four ends of cross ditch are connected with back-shaped pond respectively, cross ditch Width be 150-180 centimetres, after rice field is transformed, carry out Water filling fertilizing in back-shaped pond and cross ditch, while fertilizer point Xuan Qu not 30 parts of edible mushroom residues, 60 parts of chicken droppings, 50 parts of pig manures, 70 parts of fish pond mud and 1 part of the ore deposit containing the element such as potassium and ammonium Material is mixed, and fermentation 15 days is then carried out to mixture, so as to which fertilizer be made, and in back-shaped pond and cross ditch Oxygen increasing equipment is placed in portion, oxygen increasing equipment respectively in the morning 5:00-7:00 and at night 9:30-11:30 open, while in sunny weather Under, the 12 of noon:00-13:00 opens a hour, so as to ensure the normal oxygen absorbed of lobster, makes the dissolved oxygen amount in water be 3.5-5.5 mg/litre.
2) disinfection:To Rice Cropping, apply quick lime in back-shaped pond and cross ditch to carry out disinfection, the every mu of amount of applying For 30 kilograms, number of days is applied as 3 days, is stood.
3) plantation biology:It is heavy water-based aquatic that bog pondweed, black algae, hornwort and wheel blade etc. are planted in back-shaped pond and cross ditch Plant, and in water surface planting cucurbit, the area of pasture and water is generally the 30%-40% of back-shaped pond and cross ditch, and pasture and water are sporadicly divided Cloth.
4) shrimp seedling is launched:In June, cross ditch and back-shaped pond to rice field launch shrimp seedling, and the size of shrimp seedling is 2-4 lis Rice, and shrimp seedling male and female ratio is 1:1.8, and the throw-in density of shrimp seedling is 6000 tails/every mu.
5) nursing of shrimp seedling:After shrimp seedling is launched 3 days, small fish and meat mincing are stirred, while mixed protein content Lobster special feed not less than 25%, to shrimp seedling carry out feeding, daily feeding twice, respectively in the morning 8:30-9:30 and 18: 30-19:30, each injected volume is the 2% of shrimp seedling gross weight, when shrimp seedling is into 6-7 centimetres of long value, uses spiral shell, freshwater mussel and plant instead Lobster special feed of the physical property feed formulation protein content not less than 25% carries out feeding, and lobster special feed is animal row bait Material and vegetal bait press 1:2 ratio mixing, while vegetal bait pulverizes for wheat bran, soybean residue and wheat and mixed, Animal bait is that dried silkworm chrysalis meal, earthworm and fish meal mix.
6) Rice Cropping:Choose resistant to lodging, disease and insect resistance and the high high-grade rice kind of yield is planted, planting density For 4000 plants every mu, adjacent rice seedling spacing is 50-70 centimetres, while after plantation 2-3 weeks, controlling water level is at 15-30 lis Rice, and highly improve water level according to rice, rice is in the maturity period, and holding central water water in field position is at 50-80 centimetres, Rice Cropping mistake Cheng Zhong, need to change the water in back-shaped pond and cross ditch within 1-1.5 hour after spraying insecticide every time, and more The amount of changing must not be less than 70% of total Water in back-shaped pond and cross ditch.
7) caught:After shrimp seedling raising 2-3 months, caught to growing to 50-70 grams into shrimp, reduce cultivation Density, promotes the growth of lobster, while supplements lobster seedling, and magnitude of recruitment is the 20% of amount of fishing, and will be reached before rice harvesting All caught to 50 grams into shrimp, remaining lobster seedling gives over to seed shrimp in cross ditch and back-shaped pond, while pays attention to weather Change, not catch in weather sultry weather.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The lobster cultivation method based on rice field, it is back-shaped by the transformation to rice field, utilization Pond and cross ditch, increase the active area of shrimp seedling, so as to increase the activity of shrimp seedling, lift the meat of shrimp seedling, while can be right Shrimp seedling is stopped, reduces the collision of shrimp seedling and rice seedling, so as to improve the yield in rice field, using oxygen increasing equipment, is lifted in water Oxygen content, improve the survival rate of shrimp seedling, so as to improve yield, improve income, pass through the control to shrimp seedling amount and rice seedling amount, increase Big space, so as to reduce collision, yield is improved, while by being sterilized to cross ditch and back-shaped pond, the restriction of mixed feed, to dragon Shrimp improves living environment, so that survival rate is higher, is advantageous to the growth and hatching of shrimp seedling, yield is improved, by fishing Control, the shrimp seedling of residual more adapts to environment, so as to increase survival rate, and meanwhile the shrimp seedling adaptation environment for driving the later stage to launch, shape Into good circulation.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of changes, modification can be carried out to these embodiments, replace without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of lobster cultivation method based on rice field, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
1) selection and transformation in rice field:Selection is had abundant water resources, water body is pollution-free, dry season is not easy to dry up and winter does not flood flooded soil fertilizer Fertile rice field, after rice harvesting, rice field is scraped out into back-shaped pond, the width in back-shaped pond is 100-120 centimetres, depth 50- 70 centimetres, and cross ditch is dug in the middle part of back-shaped pond, and four ends of cross ditch are connected with back-shaped pond respectively, the width of cross ditch Spend for 150-180 centimetres, and oxygen increasing equipment is placed in back-shaped pond and the inside of cross ditch;
2) disinfection:To Rice Cropping, apply quick lime in back-shaped pond and cross ditch to carry out disinfection, the every mu of amount of applying is 30-50 kilograms, number of days is applied as 3-5 days, is stood;
3) plantation biology:The heavy water-based aquatic plant such as bog pondweed, black algae, hornwort and wheel blade is planted in back-shaped pond and cross ditch Thing, and in water surface planting cucurbit, the area of pasture and water is generally the 30%-40% of back-shaped pond and cross ditch, and pasture and water are sporadicly distributed;
4) shrimp seedling is launched:In 5-6 months, cross ditch and back-shaped pond to rice field launch shrimp seedling, and the size of shrimp seedling is 2-4 centimetres, And shrimp seedling male and female ratio is 1:1.8, and the throw-in density of shrimp seedling is 4000-6000 tails/every mu;
5) nursing of shrimp seedling:After shrimp seedling is launched 3 days, small fish and meat mincing are stirred, while mixed protein content is not low In 25% lobster special feed, carry out feeding to shrimp seedling, daily feeding twice, respectively in the morning 8:30-9:30 and 18:30- 19:30, each injected volume is the 2%-3% of shrimp seedling gross weight, when shrimp seedling is into 6-7 centimetres of long value, uses spiral shell, freshwater mussel and plant instead Lobster special feed of the physical property feed formulation protein content not less than 25% carries out feeding;
6) Rice Cropping:Choose resistant to lodging, disease and insect resistance and the high high-grade rice kind of yield is planted, planting density is Every mu of 3000-4000 strains, adjacent rice seedling spacing is 50-70 centimetres, while after plantation 2-3 weeks, controlling water level is in 15-30 Centimetre, and water level is highly improved according to rice, rice keeps central water water in field position at 50-80 centimetres in the maturity period;
7) caught:After shrimp seedling raising 2-3 months, caught to growing to 50-70 grams into shrimp, it is close to reduce cultivation Degree, promotes the growth of lobster, while supplements lobster seedling, and magnitude of recruitment is the 20% of amount of fishing, and is up to before rice harvesting 50 grams into shrimp all catch, remaining lobster seedling gives over to seed shrimp in cross ditch and back-shaped pond, while pays attention to the change of weather Change, not caught in weather sultry weather.
2. a kind of lobster cultivation method based on rice field according to claim 1, it is characterised in that imperial in the step 5) Shrimp special feed is that animal row bait and vegetal bait press 1:2 ratio mixing, while vegetal bait is wheat bran, soybean residue Pulverize and mix with wheat, animal bait is that dried silkworm chrysalis meal, earthworm and fish meal mix.
A kind of 3. lobster cultivation method based on rice field according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step 1) semilate rice After field is transformed, Water filling fertilizing is carried out in back-shaped pond and cross ditch, while to choose 30-50 part edible mushrooms respectively residual for fertilizer Slag, 60-80 parts chicken droppings, 50-80 parts pig manure, 70-90 parts fish pond mud and the mineral matter containing the element such as potassium and ammonium of 1-2 parts are carried out Mix, fermentation 15-30 days is then carried out to mixture, so as to which fertilizer be made.
4. a kind of lobster cultivation method based on rice field according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 1) Oxygen increasing equipment respectively in the morning 5:00-7:00 and at night 9:30-11:30 open, while under sunny weather, the 12 of noon:00- 13:00 opens a hour, and so as to ensure the normal oxygen absorbed of lobster, it is 3.5-5.5 mg/litres to make the dissolved oxygen amount in water.
A kind of 5. lobster cultivation method based on rice field according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 6) During Rice Cropping, need to enter the water in back-shaped pond and cross ditch within 1-1.5 hour after spraying insecticide every time Row is changed, and replacing amount must not be less than 70% of total Water in back-shaped pond and cross ditch.
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CN108651343A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-10-16 张家港市鸿屹水产养殖有限公司 A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster
CN108812143A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-11-16 湖南莲冠湘莲食品有限公司 A kind of method of Hunan lotus seeds lobster interplanting intercropping
CN108849643A (en) * 2018-06-09 2018-11-23 天津市金水族水产养殖有限公司 A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture fancy carp
CN109662050A (en) * 2018-12-16 2019-04-23 益阳铁军农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of lobster multiple stocking and multiple fishing paddy field aquaculture method
CN110663599A (en) * 2018-07-02 2020-01-10 成都硕谷农业科技有限公司 Method for breeding shrimps in fattening rice field
CN110710426A (en) * 2018-07-13 2020-01-21 成都硕谷农业科技有限公司 High-yield paddy field shrimp culture method
CN111011278A (en) * 2019-11-04 2020-04-17 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 Breeding method for improving survival rate of procambarus clarkii bred in rice field
CN111386991A (en) * 2020-04-26 2020-07-10 苏州水淹禾康农业科技有限公司 Production method for improving yield of high-yield organic planting of flooded rice

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CN106305558A (en) * 2016-10-29 2017-01-11 天津蕴华农业科技发展有限公司 Method for culturing lobster in rice field
CN107047411A (en) * 2017-05-14 2017-08-18 刘滨 A kind of method of cray rice field ecology cultivation

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CN105379646A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-03-09 江苏省淡水水产研究所 Method for planting rice in Procambarus clarkii culture pond
CN106305558A (en) * 2016-10-29 2017-01-11 天津蕴华农业科技发展有限公司 Method for culturing lobster in rice field
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108651343A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-10-16 张家港市鸿屹水产养殖有限公司 A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster
CN108849643A (en) * 2018-06-09 2018-11-23 天津市金水族水产养殖有限公司 A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture fancy carp
CN108812143A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-11-16 湖南莲冠湘莲食品有限公司 A kind of method of Hunan lotus seeds lobster interplanting intercropping
CN110663599A (en) * 2018-07-02 2020-01-10 成都硕谷农业科技有限公司 Method for breeding shrimps in fattening rice field
CN110710426A (en) * 2018-07-13 2020-01-21 成都硕谷农业科技有限公司 High-yield paddy field shrimp culture method
CN109662050A (en) * 2018-12-16 2019-04-23 益阳铁军农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of lobster multiple stocking and multiple fishing paddy field aquaculture method
CN111011278A (en) * 2019-11-04 2020-04-17 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 Breeding method for improving survival rate of procambarus clarkii bred in rice field
CN111386991A (en) * 2020-04-26 2020-07-10 苏州水淹禾康农业科技有限公司 Production method for improving yield of high-yield organic planting of flooded rice

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