CN108651343A - A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster - Google Patents

A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108651343A
CN108651343A CN201810398846.3A CN201810398846A CN108651343A CN 108651343 A CN108651343 A CN 108651343A CN 201810398846 A CN201810398846 A CN 201810398846A CN 108651343 A CN108651343 A CN 108651343A
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China
Prior art keywords
rice
lobster
paddy
water
ridge
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CN201810398846.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
尹显燕
吴红
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Zhangjiagang Hongyi Aquaculture Co Ltd
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Zhangjiagang Hongyi Aquaculture Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810398846.3A priority Critical patent/CN108651343A/en
Publication of CN108651343A publication Critical patent/CN108651343A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
    • C12N1/00Microorganisms, e.g. protozoa; Compositions thereof; Processes of propagating, maintaining or preserving microorganisms or compositions thereof; Processes of preparing or isolating a composition containing a microorganism; Culture media therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of methods of paddy field aquaculture lobster, including:1)Rice field 2 is transformed)Rehabilitating soil 3)Serike 4)Launch shrimp seedling 5)Catch lobster.The present invention has following advantages:(1)Using the benthon of culture as the bait of lobster, feeding cost is saved;(2)The benthon cultivated can decompose ammonia nitrogen, chesson, effectively contained the exceeded of ammonia nitrogen and nitrite in soil, improved the ecological environment in rice field, be conducive to the growth of later stage rice;(3)Stalk fermentation, waste utilization is promoted both to handle the useless stalk after rice harvesting, tunning provides more nutrition for lobster again, cost-effective;(4)One ground is dual-purpose, and the excrement of lobster and not edible bait can be used as the organic fertilizer of paddy growth, improve corps nutrient source, save Rice Cropping cost, reduce the use of pesticide and chemical fertilizer simultaneously, it is ensured that rice stable yield and high quality realizes efficient, ecology, safety.

Description

A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture fields, and in particular to a kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster.
Background technology
It is lobster delicious, full of nutrition, it is favored by people, is the principal item of current shrimp culture.In recent years by It is sharply increased in the market demand, lobster natural resources are drastically reduced, and price is gradually high, therefore are expired by artificial scientific culture The sufficient market demand, more and more people begin attempt to ecologic breeding, and still, artificial ecology aquaculture cost is again higher, therefore people Trial cultivates lobster in rice field, and a ground is dual-purpose.
But since method is improper, the method that lobster is cultivated in existing rice field, do not simply fail to effectively reduce cultivation at This, while the ecological environment in rice field can be also destroyed, it causes ammonia nitrogen in rice field, nitrite etc. exceeded, influences the kind of follow-up rice It plants, while the stalk after rice harvesting can not also be efficiently used.
Invention content
Paddy field aquaculture lobster that is low the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of aquaculture cost and not influencing Ecological Environment of Paddy Field Method.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster, includes the following steps:
1)Rice field is transformed:The good rice field of soil property is chosen, after waiting for current year rice harvesting, in the rice field for remaining stalk The ridge is enclosed in surrounding setting, make it is described enclose the soil surface 50cm that ridge top surface is higher by the rice field, and the ridge width that encloses is 1.5m, together When enclose circumference on the inside of the ridge along described and open up circular groove at 3 ~ 5m of the ridge away from described enclose, make the circular groove width be 2m, depth 30cm, Described enclose opens up inlet and outlet on the inside of the ridge, and anti-escape network is respectively set in the water inlet and the water outlet, In, the circular groove is arranged with the ridge of enclosing at rectangular-ambulatory-plane;
2)Rehabilitating soil:Soil sterilants is applied into the rice field, and rotary tillage is carried out to the rice field, makes the soil disinfection Agent and the soil in the rice field mix well, and then to water flowing in the rice field and impregnate 5 ~ 7 days, finally water is discharged, and dries in the air It shines 3 days;
3)Serike:Microbiological culture media is added into the rice field, then the water flowing into the rice field again, and in current year The heavy aqueous water plant of end of the year plantation;
4)Launch shrimp seedling:In April next year, shrimp seedling is launched by the amount of 5000 ~ 7000 tails/mu into the rice field, and to the shrimp Seedling is fed, wherein the specification of the shrimp seedling is 200 ~ 250 tails/kg;
5)Catch lobster:To after June, the lobster grown up to the shrimp seedling is caught for feeding, when fishing take stay greatly it is small.
Preferably, in the step 1)In, the water inlet and the water outlet are opened in the rice field both sides respectively On opposite apex angle.
Preferably, in the step 2)In, the soil sterilants is quick lime, and amount of application per mu is 30 ~ 40kg.
It is further preferred that in the step 2)In, before applying quick lime, quick lime is added to the water and is stirred evenly, with It sprinkles and pours while hot afterwards, wherein the ratio of the quick lime and the water is 10:3.
Preferably, in the step 2)In, it impregnates water level and encloses the 2/3 of ridge height not less than described.
Preferably, in the step 3)In, the microbiological culture media select 10 ~ 20 parts of oxen urine, 10 ~ 20 parts of sheep urine, 20 ~ 35 parts of pure water, 10 ~ 20 parts of vinasse, 5 ~ 8 parts of rapeseed cakes, 5 ~ 8 parts of molasses, 5 ~ 8 parts of ostreae testa pulveratas, 2 ~ 6 parts of zymophytes, 5 ~ 8 parts of amino Acid, 1 ~ 5 part of cyanobacteria enzyme preparation, 1 ~ 5 part of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 1 ~ 5 part of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 1 ~ 5 part of phycobniliprotein, 1 ~ 5 part of compound iodine It is mixed evenly, obtains mixture, then ferment to the mixture, to obtain the microbiological culture media, In, fermentation temperature is 35 ~ 45 DEG C.
Preferably, in the step 3)In, the amount of application per mu of the microbiological culture media is 40 ~ 60kg.
Preferably, in the step 3)In, the water flowing into the rice field again, water level is not less than 5cm.
Preferably, in the step 3)In, the water plant selects one or both of waterweed and hydrilla verticillata, When plantation, by the rice field along one side extending direction even partition at multiple planter units, each planter units The interior interspersed plantation waterweed and the hydrilla verticillata, plantation spacing are 60 ~ 80cm, and waterweed, kind are planted in the circular groove Plant spacing is 60 ~ 80cm, wherein the side edge length of the planter units is 4m, and is spaced between planter units described in each two 4m。
Preferably, in the step 3)In, the area coverage of the water plant is the 40% ~ 60% of the rice field.
Due to the application of the above technical scheme, the present invention has following advantages compared with prior art:
(1)By adding microbiological culture media, benthon is cultivated, benthon can save feeding as the bait of lobster Form this;
(2)The benthon cultivated can decompose ammonia nitrogen, chesson, effectively contain ammonia nitrogen and nitrite in soil It is exceeded, improve the ecological environment in rice field, be conducive to the growth of later stage rice;
(3)Stalk fermentation, waste utilization is promoted both to handle the useless stalk after rice harvesting, tunning carries for lobster again More nutrition have been supplied, it is cost-effective;
(4)One ground is dual-purpose, and the excrement of lobster and not edible bait can be used as the organic fertilizer of paddy growth, improve agriculture Crop nutrient source saves Rice Cropping cost, while reducing the use of pesticide and chemical fertilizer, it is ensured that rice stable yield and high quality is realized Efficiently, ecology, safety.
Specific implementation mode
Technical scheme of the present invention is further elaborated with reference to specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1
A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster, includes the following steps:
1)Rice field is transformed:Choose the good rice field of soil property, after waiting for current year rice harvesting, the surrounding in the rice field for remaining stalk The ridge is enclosed in setting, is made to enclose ridge top surface and is higher by the soil surface 50cm in rice field, and it is 1.5m to enclose ridge width, while along enclosing circumference on the inside of the ridge Circular groove is opened up at 3 ~ 5m of the ridge away from enclosing, it is 2m to make circular groove width, and depth 30cm opens up inlet and outlet enclosing on the inside of the ridge, Anti-escape network is respectively set in water inlet and water outlet, wherein circular groove is arranged with the ridge is enclosed at rectangular-ambulatory-plane, and anti-escape network is iron wire Net.
Herein, inlet and outlet are opened in respectively on the opposite apex angle of rice field both sides, by by water inlet and Water outlet is opened in respectively on the opposite apex angle of rice field both sides so that flow can be evenly enters in rice field.
)Rehabilitating soil:Soil sterilants is applied into rice field, and rotary tillage is carried out to rice field using rotary cultivator, and soil is made to disappear Toxic agent and the soil in rice field mix well, and then to water flowing in rice field and impregnate 5 ~ 7 days, immersion water level is 35cm, finally by water Discharge, and dry 3 days, wherein 3 days of drying need to have sufficient sunlight.Soil sterilants is lump lime, per mu to apply Dosage is 30kg.Before applying quick lime, the quick lime of 30kg is added in the water of 9kg and is stirred evenly, then sprinkled and pour while hot. Here, quick lime, which is added to the water generation chemical reaction, can discharge a large amount of thermal energy, and high temperature sterilization can be played the role of by sprinkling to pour while hot.
)Serike:Microbiological culture media is added into rice field, the amount of application per mu of microbiological culture media is 40kg, with The water flowing into rice field again afterwards, water flowing water level are 5cm, and heavy aqueous water plant will be planted in end of the year current year.
In the present embodiment, microbiological culture media selects 10 parts of ox urine, 10 parts of sheep urine, 20 parts of pure water, 10 parts of vinasse, 5 Part rapeseed cake, 5 parts of molasses, 5 parts of ostreae testa pulveratas, 2 parts of zymophytes, 5 parts of amino acid, 1 part of cyanobacteria enzyme preparation, 1 part of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 1 part Calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 1 part of phycobniliprotein, 1 part of compound iodine are mixed evenly, and obtain mixture, then ferment to mixture, Fermentation temperature is 35 DEG C, to obtain microbiological culture media.The zymophyte of the present embodiment is livestock manure fermented bacterium, and is photosynthetic Bacterium, bacillus or lactic acid bacteria.
In the present embodiment, the area coverage of water plant is the 50% of rice field.Specifically, when planting aquatic plants, by rice Field along one side extending direction even partition at multiple planter units, plantation waterweed and wheel are interted in each planter units The black algae of leaf, plantation spacing are 60 ~ 80cm, and waterweed is planted in circular groove, and plantation spacing is 60 ~ 80 cm, wherein planter units Side edge length is 4m, and is spaced 4m between each two planter units.Here, it is reserved between each two planter units between 4m Every facilitating people to walk about and feeding.
)Launch shrimp seedling:In April next year, the shrimp that specification is 200 ~ 250 tails/kg is launched by the amount of 5000 tails/mu into rice field Seedling, and shrimp seedling is fed.Herein, since the benthon that microbiological culture media is turned out can be looked for food for lobster, It only needs to supplement man-made feeds in right amount according to breeding density, cost is greatly saved.
)Catch lobster:Feeding catches the lobster that shrimp seedling grows up to using fishing net to after June, and when fishing, which takes, to be stayed greatly It is small.Take the sustainable fishing for staying small fishing style to ensure that follow-up lobster greatly.
After testing, after using the rice field shrimp farming method of the present invention, ammonia nitrogen, nitrite index reduce by 35% or more in rice field, Be conducive to the growth of water plant simultaneously advantageous as the benthic breeding of bait, greatly reduce the input of artitificial food Amount so that an excellent ecological environment is formed in the rice field;Lobster per mu yield is 80kg, feed coefficient reduces by 10%, volume increase effect Fruit is apparent, and cost is greatly saved.
Start rice cultivation, the improvement due to the method for the present invention to rice field ecology, and the excrement of lobster later in lobster fishing Just and not edible bait can be used as the organic fertilizer of paddy growth, improve corps nutrient source, later stage rice per mu yield Amount reaches 500kg.
Embodiment 2
A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster, includes the following steps:
1)Rice field is transformed:Choose the good rice field of soil property, after waiting for current year rice harvesting, the surrounding in the rice field for remaining stalk The ridge is enclosed in setting, is made to enclose ridge top surface and is higher by the soil surface 50cm in rice field, and it is 1.5m to enclose ridge width, while along enclosing circumference on the inside of the ridge Circular groove is opened up at 3 ~ 5m of the ridge away from enclosing, it is 2m to make circular groove width, and depth 30cm opens up inlet and outlet enclosing on the inside of the ridge, Anti-escape network is respectively set in water inlet and water outlet, wherein circular groove is arranged with the ridge is enclosed at rectangular-ambulatory-plane, and anti-escape network is iron wire Net, inlet and outlet are opened in respectively on the opposite apex angle of rice field both sides.
)Rehabilitating soil:Soil sterilants is applied into rice field, and rotary tillage is carried out to rice field using rotary cultivator, and soil is made to disappear Toxic agent and the soil in rice field mix well, and then to water flowing in rice field and impregnate 5 ~ 7 days, immersion water level is 38cm, finally by water Discharge, and dry 3 days, wherein soil sterilants is lump lime, and amount of application per mu is 35kg.It, will before applying quick lime The quick lime of 35kg is added in the water of 10.5kg and stirs evenly, and then sprinkles and pours while hot.
)Serike:Microbiological culture media is added into rice field, the amount of application per mu of microbiological culture media is 50kg, with The water flowing into rice field again afterwards, water flowing water level are 10cm, and heavy aqueous water plant will be planted in end of the year current year.
In the present embodiment, microbiological culture media selects 15 parts of ox urine, 15 parts of sheep urine, 28 parts of pure water, 15 parts of vinasse, 6 Part rapeseed cake, 6 parts of molasses, 6 parts of ostreae testa pulveratas, 3 parts of zymophytes, 6 parts of amino acid, 3 parts of cyanobacteria enzyme preparations, 3 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphates, 3 parts Calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 3 parts of phycobniliprotein, 3 parts of compound iodines are mixed evenly, and obtain mixture, then ferment to mixture, Fermentation temperature is 40 DEG C, to obtain microbiological culture media.The zymophyte of the present embodiment is livestock manure fermented bacterium, and is gemma The combination of bacillus and saccharomycete.
In the present embodiment, the area coverage of water plant is the 50% of rice field.Specifically, when planting aquatic plants, by rice Field along one side extending direction even partition at multiple planter units, plantation waterweed and wheel are interted in each planter units The black algae of leaf, plantation spacing are 60 ~ 80cm, and waterweed is planted in circular groove, and plantation spacing is 60 ~ 80cm, wherein the side of planter units Edge lengths are 4m, and are spaced 4m between each two planter units.
)Launch shrimp seedling:In April next year, the shrimp that specification is 200 ~ 250 tails/kg is launched by the amount of 6000 tails/mu into rice field Seedling, and shrimp seedling is fed.
)Catch lobster:Feeding catches the lobster that shrimp seedling grows up to using fishing net to after June, and when fishing, which takes, to be stayed greatly It is small.
After testing, after using the rice field shrimp farming method of the present invention, ammonia nitrogen, nitrite index reduce by 35% or more in rice field, Be conducive to the growth of water plant simultaneously advantageous as the benthic breeding of bait, greatly reduce the input of artitificial food Amount so that an excellent ecological environment is formed in the rice field;Lobster per mu yield is 100kg, feed coefficient reduces by 15%, volume increase It is with obvious effects, cost is greatly saved.
Start rice cultivation, the improvement due to the method for the present invention to rice field ecology, and the excrement of lobster later in lobster fishing Just and not edible bait can be used as the organic fertilizer of paddy growth, improve corps nutrient source, later stage rice per mu yield Amount reaches 550kg.
Embodiment 3
A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster, includes the following steps:
1)Rice field is transformed:Choose the good rice field of soil property, after waiting for current year rice harvesting, the surrounding in the rice field for remaining stalk The ridge is enclosed in setting, is made to enclose ridge top surface and is higher by the soil surface 50cm in rice field, and it is 1.5m to enclose ridge width, while along enclosing circumference on the inside of the ridge Circular groove is opened up at 3 ~ 5m of the ridge away from enclosing, it is 2m to make circular groove width, and depth 30cm opens up inlet and outlet enclosing on the inside of the ridge, Anti-escape network is respectively set in water inlet and water outlet, wherein circular groove is arranged with the ridge is enclosed at rectangular-ambulatory-plane, and anti-escape network is iron wire Net, inlet and outlet are opened in respectively on the opposite apex angle of rice field both sides.
)Rehabilitating soil:Soil sterilants is applied into rice field, and rotary tillage is carried out to rice field using rotary cultivator, and soil is made to disappear Toxic agent and the soil in rice field mix well, and then to water flowing in rice field and impregnate 5 ~ 7 days, immersion water level is 40cm, finally by water Discharge, and dry 3 days, wherein soil sterilants is lump lime, and amount of application per mu is 40kg.It, will before applying quick lime The quick lime of 40kg is added in the water of 12kg and stirs evenly, and then sprinkles and pours while hot.
)Serike:Microbiological culture media is added into rice field, the amount of application per mu of microbiological culture media is 60kg, with The water flowing into rice field again afterwards, water flowing water level are 15cm, and heavy aqueous water plant will be planted in end of the year current year.
In the present embodiment, microbiological culture media selects 20 parts of ox urine, 20 parts of sheep urine, 35 parts of pure water, 20 parts of vinasse, 8 Part rapeseed cake, 8 parts of molasses, 8 parts of ostreae testa pulveratas, 6 parts of zymophytes, 8 parts of amino acid, 5 parts of cyanobacteria enzyme preparations, 5 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphates, 5 parts Calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 5 parts of phycobniliprotein, 5 parts of compound iodines are mixed evenly, and obtain mixture, then ferment to mixture, Fermentation temperature is 45 DEG C, to obtain microbiological culture media.The zymophyte of the present embodiment is livestock manure fermented bacterium, and is photosynthetic The combination of bacterium and lactic acid bacteria.
In the present embodiment, the area coverage of water plant is the 50% of rice field.Specifically, when planting aquatic plants, by rice Field along one side extending direction even partition at multiple planter units, plantation waterweed and wheel are interted in each planter units The black algae of leaf, plantation spacing are 60 ~ 80cm, and waterweed is planted in circular groove, and plantation spacing is 60 ~ 80cm, wherein the side of planter units Edge lengths are 4m, and are spaced 4m between each two planter units.
)Launch shrimp seedling:In April next year, the shrimp that specification is 200 ~ 250 tails/kg is launched by the amount of 7000 tails/mu into rice field Seedling, and shrimp seedling is fed.
)Catch lobster:Feeding catches the lobster that shrimp seedling grows up to using fishing net to after June, and when fishing, which takes, to be stayed greatly It is small.
After testing, after using the rice field shrimp farming method of the present invention, ammonia nitrogen, nitrite index reduce by 35% or more in rice field, Be conducive to the growth of water plant simultaneously advantageous as the benthic breeding of bait, greatly reduce the input of artitificial food Amount so that an excellent ecological environment is formed in the rice field;Lobster per mu yield is 120kg, feed coefficient reduces by 20%, volume increase It is with obvious effects, cost is greatly saved.
Start rice cultivation, the improvement due to the method for the present invention to rice field ecology, and the excrement of lobster later in lobster fishing Just and not edible bait can be used as the organic fertilizer of paddy growth, improve corps nutrient source, later stage rice per mu yield Amount reaches 600kg.
The above embodiments merely illustrate the technical concept and features of the present invention, and its object is to allow person skilled in the art Scholar can understand present disclosure and be implemented, and it is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, all according to the present invention Equivalent change or modification made by Spirit Essence should all cover within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster, it is characterised in that:Include the following steps:
1)Rice field is transformed:The good rice field of soil property is chosen, after waiting for current year rice harvesting, in the rice field for remaining stalk The ridge is enclosed in surrounding setting, make it is described enclose the soil surface 50cm that ridge top surface is higher by the rice field, and the ridge width that encloses is 1.5m, together When enclose circumference on the inside of the ridge along described and open up circular groove at 3 ~ 5m of the ridge away from described enclose, make the circular groove width be 2m, depth 30cm, Described enclose opens up inlet and outlet on the inside of the ridge, and anti-escape network is respectively set in the water inlet and the water outlet, In, the circular groove is arranged with the ridge of enclosing at rectangular-ambulatory-plane;
2)Rehabilitating soil:Soil sterilants is applied into the rice field, and rotary tillage is carried out to the rice field, makes the soil disinfection Agent and the soil in the rice field mix well, and then to water flowing in the rice field and impregnate 5 ~ 7 days, finally water is discharged, and dries in the air It shines 3 days;
3)Serike:Microbiological culture media is added into the rice field, then the water flowing into the rice field again, and in current year The heavy aqueous water plant of end of the year plantation;
4)Launch shrimp seedling:In April next year, shrimp seedling is launched by the amount of 5000 ~ 7000 tails/mu into the rice field, and to the shrimp Seedling is fed, wherein the specification of the shrimp seedling is 200 ~ 250 tails/kg;
5)Catch lobster:To after June, the lobster grown up to the shrimp seedling is caught for feeding, when fishing take stay greatly it is small.
2. a kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step 1)In, institute It states water inlet and the water outlet is opened in respectively on the opposite apex angle of the rice field both sides.
3. a kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step 2)In, institute It is quick lime to state soil sterilants, and amount of application per mu is 30 ~ 40kg.
4. a kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:In the step 2)In, it applies Before spreading quick lime, quick lime is added to the water and is stirred evenly, then sprinkled and pour while hot, wherein the ratio of the quick lime and the water Example is 10:3.
5. a kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step 2)In, leaching The 2/3 of ridge height is enclosed not less than described in soaked position.
6. a kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step 3)In, institute It states microbiological culture media and selects 10 ~ 20 portions of ox urine, 10 ~ 20 portions of sheep urine, 20 ~ 35 parts of pure water, 10 ~ 20 parts of vinasse, 5 ~ 8 portions of dishes Cake, 5 ~ 8 parts of molasses, 5 ~ 8 parts of ostreae testa pulveratas, 2 ~ 6 parts of zymophytes, 5 ~ 8 parts of amino acid, 1 ~ 5 part of cyanobacteria enzyme preparation, 1 ~ 5 part of di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen potassium, 1 ~ 5 part of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 1 ~ 5 part of phycobniliprotein, 1 ~ 5 part of compound iodine are mixed evenly, and obtain mixture, then right The mixture ferments, to obtain the microbiological culture media, wherein fermentation temperature is 35 ~ 45 DEG C.
7. a kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step 3)In, institute The amount of application per mu for stating microbiological culture media is 40 ~ 60kg.
8. a kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step 3)In, then The secondary water flowing into the rice field, water level are not less than 5cm.
9. a kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step 3)In, institute Water plant selection one or both of waterweed and hydrilla verticillata are stated, when plantation, by the rice field prolonging along one side Direction even partition is stretched into multiple planter units, each interts the plantation waterweed in the planter units and the wheel blade is black Algae, plantation spacing are 60 ~ 80cm, and waterweed is planted in the circular groove, and plantation spacing is 60 ~ 80cm, wherein the planter units Side edge length be 4m, and 4m is spaced between planter units described in each two.
10. a kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step 3)In, institute The area coverage for stating water plant is the 40% ~ 60% of the rice field.
CN201810398846.3A 2018-04-28 2018-04-28 A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture lobster Pending CN108651343A (en)

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