CN107027568A - A kind of method of camphor tree nursery - Google Patents

A kind of method of camphor tree nursery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107027568A
CN107027568A CN201710112854.2A CN201710112854A CN107027568A CN 107027568 A CN107027568 A CN 107027568A CN 201710112854 A CN201710112854 A CN 201710112854A CN 107027568 A CN107027568 A CN 107027568A
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China
Prior art keywords
cuttage
parts
fertilizer
matrix
root
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CN201710112854.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐庆乐
罗墩
陈婉霞
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Hechi Lekang Ecological Agricultural Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Hechi Lekang Ecological Agricultural Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710112854.2A priority Critical patent/CN107027568A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N37/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most two bonds to halogen, e.g. carboxylic acids
    • A01N37/10Aromatic or araliphatic carboxylic acids, or thio analogues thereof; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/04Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom
    • A01N43/06Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom five-membered rings
    • A01N43/12Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom five-membered rings condensed with a carbocyclic ring
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/34Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
    • A01N43/36Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings
    • A01N43/38Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings condensed with carbocyclic rings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N45/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, containing compounds having three or more carbocyclic rings condensed among themselves, at least one ring not being a six-membered ring
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/90Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity for affecting the nitrification of ammonium compounds or urea in the soil
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention belongs to agricultural plantation technology field, a kind of method of camphor tree nursery is disclosed, includes the selection and processing of cuttage branch;Cuttage:After being handled by step (1), hold the matrix cuttage cave that aperture is 35 centimetres, depth is 35 centimetres successfully in the centre of matrix in container for plant growth, the central axis in the matrix cuttage cave is horizontal by 35 ° 45 °, the beveled ends cuttage that cuttage branch point is dipped in into slurry of taking root enters matrix cuttage cave, then cave, then root water of drenching are filled up using river sand;Vernalization and culture of rootage;Acclimatization and transplantses:By obtained camphor tree transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, it is 60% to keep air humidity, and temperature is 28 DEG C, and acclimatization and transplantses can go out garden after 60 90 days.Cuttage and seedling culture method of the present invention is easily understood, and survival rate is high, and well developed root system, the seedling raise period cycle greatly shortens, and nursery stock is healthy and keeps growing way homogeneous, and can be managed collectively also can unified sale, increase economic benefit.

Description

A kind of method of camphor tree nursery
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural plantation technology field, more particularly to a kind of method of camphor tree nursery.
Background technology
Camphor tree is a kind of important multiple use ecology and economic tree, and its timber densification is attractive in appearance, with fragranced, insect prevention Mosquito is hit to be used;Camphor tree tree performance is beautiful, evergreen all the year round and be thick with leaves, with very strong dust removal ability and anti-fog haze ability;Camphor tree wood Material, root, leaf and fruit all contain essential oil, are the important sources of natural camphor, aromatic oil and aromatic alcohol, its essential oil and aromatic alcohol price Between per ton 180,000~320,000, its intensely processed products is related to various fields and industry.
Camphor tree is generally bred with seed, and greatly, cutting propagation and tillering propagation etc. can be protected progeny variation to greatest extent Maternal good characteristic is held, production cost is relatively low, and as camphor tree characteristic resources utilize the continuous improvement of level, particularly produced Industry is shaken off poverty in project, and cutting propagation is difficult to meet large-scale production demand in a short time, and root system is undeveloped, wastes many branches Bar.
The content of the invention
For it is above-mentioned positioned the problem of, goal of the invention of the invention is to provide a kind of method of camphor tree nursery, this hair Bright cuttage and seedling culture method is easily understood, and survival rate is high, and well developed root system, the seedling raise period cycle greatly shortens, nursery stock health and holding Growing way is homogeneous, and can be managed collectively also can unified sale, increase economic benefit.
In order to realize foregoing invention purpose, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of method of camphor tree nursery, includes selection and processing, cuttage, vernalization and culture of rootage, the hardening of cuttage branch Transplant;
(1) selection and processing of cuttage branch, specifically include following processing:
1. selection maternal plant is good, and the branch without pest and disease damage, semi-lignified;
2. the branch chosen is chipped away from redleaf litse root base portion with knife, inclined-plane trimming then is carried out to the bottom of branch, Then the beveled ends trimmed are diluted 500-800 times and soaked 8-10 minutes with the clever solution of bacterium or Mancozeb, used after taking-up Clear water is rinsed, and obtains cuttage branch stand-by;
3. sugar is added in ABT takes root the solution that powder content is 1-5mg/L, stirring and dissolving is subsequently added into foregoing mixing and swashed Plain solution, is subsequently added into acid loess and stirs into slurry of taking root, and will take root slurry natural cooling after high-temperature sterilization 18-25 minutes, It is stand-by;
Wherein, sugared addition accounts for the 2% of solution weight, and the addition of hormotone solution accounts for the 1% of solution weight;
Wherein, hormotone solution is indole-3-acetic acid, gibberellin, α-naphthylacetic acid according to 10-15:2-3:3-5 weight Obtained than mixed configuration;
(2) cuttage:After being handled by step (1), the centre of the matrix in container for plant growth hold successfully aperture for 3-5 centimetres, Depth is 3-5 centimetres of matrix cuttage cave, and the central axis in the matrix cuttage cave is horizontal by 35 ° -45 °, by cuttage The beveled ends cuttage that branch point dips in slurry of taking root enters matrix cuttage cave, then fills up cave, then root water of drenching using river sand;
(3) vernalization and culture of rootage:After cuttage seeding cuttage 7-10 days, vernalization is carried out to fringe bar using germinator, treated Foliar fertilizer is sprayed after young sprout, young leaves expansion, promotes photosynthesis, hestening rooting urges root culture until obtaining root system up to 8- 12cm and take root number be 10-20 bars when can obtain camphor tree seedling;
(4) acclimatization and transplantses:By obtained camphor tree transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, it is 60% to keep air humidity, and temperature is 28 DEG C, acclimatization and transplantses can go out garden after 60-90 days.
In the present invention, further illustrate, the container for plant growth is wide opening cup;The wide opening cup is bottomless penetrating shape;Institute Stating the cup of wide opening cup includes at least two layers, and outermost layer is that film, innermost layer are brown paper.
In the present invention, further illustrate, the matrix in the step (2) is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight 's:3-5 parts of slow release fertilizer particle, activation 5-10 parts of selenium mineral powder, middle sand 5-10 parts, 3-5 parts of leaf mould, 3-8 parts of alginic acid, sea-gull 10-18 parts of excrement, 3-8 parts of turfy soil, 3-5 parts of wood powder, 3-5 parts of yellow mud, expanded duck excrement 3-5 parts;
In the present invention, further illustrate, the slow release fertilizer particle is made up of following raw material:Fertilizer effectively into Points 10-25 parts, 5-10 parts of auxiliary material, 5-8 parts of binding agent;
The effective fertilizer composition is made up of following raw material:Trace element, urea, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, crab shell, pig testis, Molasses, cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, Chinese pennisetum, Festuca Arundinacea, Bermuda grass and cellulase;
Include 0.5-3 parts of boron fertilizer, 0.5-3 parts of cobalt fertilizer, 0.5-3 parts of zinc fertilizer, 0.5-3 parts of copper fertilizer, molydbenum fertilizer in parts by weight 0.5-3 parts, 0.5-3 parts of manganese fertilizer, 0.5-3 parts of iron fertilizer;
The auxiliary material includes thiocarbamide and diphenylphosphoryl diamines;
The binding agent is propylene glycol alginate, cyanoacrylate-acetylation hydroxypropyl cellulose, furane resins and gathered At least two in urethane.
In the present invention, further illustrate, the slow release fertilizer particle is prepared by following method:
A, by crab shell, pig testis crush mix with molasses holding humidity be 65%, fermentation process 5-8 days, obtain albumen send out Ferment thing;
B, cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, Chinese pennisetum, Festuca Arundinacea and Bermuda grass be crushed to particle diameter 1-2cm, then Mixed with cellulase, fermentation process 2-3 days obtains fiber fermentation thing;
C, protein fermentation thing, fiber fermentation thing and trace element, urea, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate be mixed to get fertilizer it is effective into Point;
D, thiocarbamide, diphenylphosphoryl diamines and effective fertilizer composition be mixed to get first composition fertilizer;
E, first composition fertilizer is sprayed to aqueous solution stirring moistening be defined to not water outlet is held, be then placed in what is constantly rotated In packing machine, then by after binding agent and water dissolving, equably sprayed into by the nozzle on packing machine, until obtaining particle diameter for 2- 3mm granular fertilizer, is then dried processing, packs and get product.
In the present invention, further illustrate, step 3. in, the high-temperature sterilization be temperature be 90-100 DEG C under the conditions of Carry out disinfection.
In the present invention, further illustrate, the activation selenium mineral powder is specifically what is prepared by following methods:Choose selenium The selenium slag in mining area is put into broth bouillon, Shaking culture 3 hours at 38 DEG C, then are carried out into plate streak in battalion bacterium night Support and cultivated on culture medium, the condition of culture is that temperature is 37 DEG C, 5-6 hours, then chooses growing way and dimmed bacterium is presented Fall and be configured to bacterium solution, it is stand-by;By selenium content 250-300mg/kg selenium mineral powder is broken, ball milling, 100 mesh sieves are crossed, is then added to and treats In bacterium solution, Shaking culture is carried out 2 hours under the conditions of temperature is 38 DEG C, you can obtain activating selenium mineral powder.
In the present invention, further illustrate, the expanded duck excrement is specifically what is prepared by following methods:Duck excrement is built Heap keeps internal temperature to be 50 DEG C of spontaneous fermentation 5-8 hours, and duck excrement then is opened into natural cooling, is then heated in boiler Thermal cracking 2-3S at 800-900 DEG C, you can obtain expanded duck excrement.
The cutting medium of the present invention is developed according to cuttage seeding, and the active ingredient in composition is greatly improved, wherein, it is organic Matter 6%~8.2%, nitrogen 11%~13%, phosphoric acid 0.59%~0.85%, potassium oxide 2.8%~4.7%, ammonium nitrogen 354~ 395ppm, nitrate nitrogen, 25~37ppm, 98~109ppm of rapid available phosphorus, 320~406ppm of available potassium, wherein, leaf mould, marine alga Acid, sea-gull excrement, turfy soil, wood powder, yellow mud, expanded duck excrement contain a large amount of organic matters and fibrous matter;Sea-gull excrement, expanded duck excrement, Sugarcane sea-gull excrement also has substantial amounts of carbon, nitrogen, P elements;Activating selenium mineral powder has more active selenium element, holds Easily it is absorbed and used by plants, selenium mineral powder can not only provide the friendly processing side of selenium element or the discarded selenium slag of a developing Formula, discarded selenium slag is relatively low due to its selenium content, is not often used to extract selenium element, cost is too high, but selenium slag is random Heap, which leaves about, directly to be utilized to plant, and only few plant, which can be just grown on selenium slag, can not make full use of selenium ore deposit Selenium element on slag.Selenium mineral powder is activated by the application, using discarded selenium slag as culture substratess, selenium ore deposit is activated Powder, can not only utilize discarded selenium mineral powder, moreover it is possible to the culture substratess made by discarded selenium mineral powder, for activating selenium mineral powder, Kill two birds with one stone.Slow release fertilizer particle, handles obtained slow release fertilizer particle, not only nutrient by the application formula and method parcel Content is high, has also reached that slow Releasing nutrient is fully absorbed by cuttage seeding, first, by promoting growth of cuttage seedlings to go out root, Not only need exciting for nutrient and hormone, in addition it is also necessary to a ventilative matrix environment, middle sand, leaf mould, expanded duck excrement, activation selenium The addition of miberal powder can provide a ventilative environment, and more conducively camphor tree cuttage seeding is taken root, and is required supplementation with after then taking root big The nutrient of amount, leaf mould, alginic acid, sea-gull excrement, turfy soil, wood powder, yellow mud, expanded duck excrement can provide nutriment, with The passage of incubation time, root system extension increases, while the slow release fertilizer that slow release fertilizer particle prepares Releasing nutrient, the application Grain is different from all wrapping up fertilizer in the core using lapping, but passes through binding agent even application a thin layer binding agent Fertilizer is bonded and slow release fertilizer particle is prepared, the time of its sustained release release fertility does not use lapping to wrap up It is so long, the time of sustained release release fertility conforms exactly to time of the nutrition utilized needed for cuttage seeding, and cuttage seeding also just can Enough nutrients are absorbed, promote root growth, the well developed root system of cuttage seeding can improve the survival rate of cuttage seeding.
Slow release fertilizer particle in the present invention can be utilized the material in the internal organ of animal to swash there is provided necessary Element, weeds and agricultural waste material are obtained rich in a large amount of carbon sources, cellulose, chemical organic compounds and dissociated by cellulase fermentations The ion of state, can be utilized, trace element is the required nutrient raw material of plant growth, urine by the Root Absorption of cuttage seeding Element, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate suppress urea activity, can reduce ammonia as nitrogen source, the auxiliary material (thiocarbamide and diphenylphosphoryl diamines) of addition Produce, nitrogenous fertilizer will avoid the occurrence of the nitre state ammonia of high concentration and appearance with nitrite nitrogen, improve utilization rate of nitrogen fertilizer, promote nitrogenous fertilizer with The form of ammonium nitrogen is present, and reduces nitrate nitrogen and nitrite nitrogen form supplies the time of crop;Crops seedling stage murder by poisoning is alleviated, The ability of pest and disease damage is resisted in enhancing;The surface of binding agent even application fertilizer is prepared to the slow release fertilizer of 2-3 millimeters of particle diameter Particle, with can humidity be 65% under conditions of start within 20-22 days release fertility.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1) cuttage and seedling culture method of the present invention is easily understood, and survival rate is high, and nursery stock is healthy and keeps growing way homogeneous, can be unified Management also can unified sale, increase economic benefit.
(2) cuttage and seedling culture of the invention uses container for plant growth to carry out nursery, can directly connect after nursery success Band container for plant growth is buried field planting in the lump, and material is buried in soil and is decomposed afterwards, and bottomless design does not hinder seedling growth, treats the stem of nursery stock Container for plant growth is decomposed after dry cross growth, and plant, by continued growth, is also to have container for plant growth to exist in firm field planting, cuttage seeding Root system is forced down to grow so that the viability increase after cuttage seeding field planting, the yield of ginseng will be greatly improved.
(3) processing of the cuttage seeding of the application is will to carry out inclined-plane processing to cuttage seeding, first disinfected using solution, so Afterwards will
Root-inducing powder with sugar first mix there is provided more capability facfors, hormotone solution can excite in cuttage seeding constitution because Son, enzymatic activity, callus activity so as to promote the long root of cuttage seeding, it is additional stirred into addition of acid loess take root slurry there is provided One good pH environment and nutrient environment, promote cuttage seeding quickly to grow.
Embodiment
In order that the technical means, the inventive features, the objects and the advantages of the present invention are easy to understand, tie below Embodiment is closed, the present invention is expanded on further.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, It is not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
First, prepared by raw material:
1. slow release fertilizer particle is made up of following raw material:Trace element 1 part, 1 part of urea, 1 part of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.5 part of crab shell, 0.5 part of pig testis, 1.5 parts of molasses, 0.5 part of cocoanut tree skin, 0.5 part of banyan deadwood, 0.5 part of lotus bar, Chinese pennisetum 1.5 parts of 0.5 part, 0.5 part of Festuca Arundinacea, 0.5 part of Bermuda grass and cellulase
2.5 parts of thiocarbamide, 2.5 parts of diphenylphosphoryl diamines, 2 parts of propylene glycol alginate, 3 parts of cyanogen;
Wherein, trace element includes 1 part of boron fertilizer, 0.5 part of cobalt fertilizer, 1 part of zinc fertilizer, 1 part of copper fertilizer, 0.5 part of molydbenum fertilizer, manganese fertilizer 0.5 Part, 0.5 part of iron fertilizer;
The raw material of said ratio is applied to the following method for preparing slow release fertilizer particle, specifically included:
A, by crab shell, pig testis crush mix with molasses keep humidity be 65%, fermentation process 5 days obtains protein fermentation Thing;
B, cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, Chinese pennisetum, Festuca Arundinacea and Bermuda grass be crushed to particle diameter 1cm, Ran Houyu Cellulase is mixed, and fermentation process 2 days obtains fiber fermentation thing;
C, protein fermentation thing, fiber fermentation thing and trace element, urea, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate be mixed to get fertilizer it is effective into Point;
D, thiocarbamide, diphenylphosphoryl diamines and effective fertilizer composition be mixed to get first composition fertilizer;
E, first composition fertilizer is sprayed to aqueous solution stirring moistening be defined to not water outlet is held, be then placed in what is constantly rotated In packing machine, then by after binding agent and water dissolving, equably sprayed into by the nozzle on packing machine, until obtaining particle diameter for 2mm Granular fertilizer, processing is then dried, packs and gets product.
2. matrix is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight:3 parts of slow release fertilizer particle, activation 5 parts of selenium mineral powder, in 5 parts of sand, 3 parts of leaf mould, 3 parts of alginic acid, 10 parts of sea-gull excrement, 3 parts of turfy soil, 3 parts of wood powder, 3 parts of yellow mud, 3 parts of expanded duck excrement;
Wherein, activation selenium mineral powder is specifically what is prepared by following methods:The selenium slag for choosing selenium mining area is put into meat soup In culture medium, Shaking culture 3 hours at 38 DEG C, then bacterium night progress plate streak is cultivated on nutrient medium, The condition of culture is that temperature is 37 DEG C, 5 hours, then chooses the dimmed bacterium colony of growing way presentation and is configured to bacterium solution, stand-by;It will contain Selenium amount 250mg/kg selenium mineral powder is broken, ball milling, crosses 100 mesh sieves, is then added in stand-by bacterium solution, is 38 DEG C of conditions in temperature Lower progress Shaking culture 2 hours, you can obtain activating selenium mineral powder.
Wherein, expanded duck excrement is specifically what is prepared by following methods:Duck excrement is built into heap keeps internal temperature to be 50 DEG C Spontaneous fermentation 5 hours, then opens natural cooling by duck excrement, and thermal cracking 2S at 800 DEG C is then heated in boiler, you can To expanded duck excrement.
2nd, matrix obtained above is applied on following method for culturing seedlings.
Selection and processing, cuttage, vernalization and culture of rootage, acclimatization and transplantses including cuttage branch;
(1) selection and processing of cuttage branch, specifically include following processing:
1. selection maternal plant is good, and the branch without pest and disease damage, semi-lignified;
2. the branch chosen is chipped away from redleaf litse root base portion with knife, inclined-plane trimming then is carried out to the bottom of branch, Then the beveled ends trimmed are diluted into 500 times with the clever solution of bacterium or Mancozeb to soak 8 minutes, rushed after taking-up with clear water Wash, obtain cuttage branch stand-by;
3. sugar is added in ABT takes root the solution that powder content is 1mg/L, stirring and dissolving is subsequently added into foregoing hormotone Solution, is subsequently added into acid loess and stirs into slurry of taking root, and will take root slurry natural cooling after high-temperature sterilization 18 minutes, stand-by;
Wherein, sugared addition accounts for the 2% of solution weight, and the addition of hormotone solution accounts for the 1% of solution weight;
Wherein, hormotone solution is indole-3-acetic acid, gibberellin, α-naphthylacetic acid according to 10:2:3 weight is than mixing What configuration was obtained;
(2) cuttage:After being handled by step (1), it is 3 centimetres, depth that the centre of the matrix in container for plant growth, which holds aperture successfully, The matrix cuttage cave for 3 centimetres is spent, the central axis in the matrix cuttage cave dips in cuttage branch point horizontal by 35 ° The beveled ends cuttage of slurry of taking root enters matrix cuttage cave, then fills up cave, then root water of drenching using river sand;
(3) vernalization and culture of rootage:After cuttage seeding cuttage 7 days, vernalization is carried out to fringe bar using germinator, treats new Foliar fertilizer is sprayed after the tip, young leaves expansion, promotes photosynthesis, hestening rooting urges root culture until obtaining root system up to 8cm and life Radical can obtain camphor tree seedling when being 10;
(4) acclimatization and transplantses:By obtained camphor tree transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, it is 60% to keep air humidity, and temperature is 28 DEG C, acclimatization and transplantses can go out garden after 90 days.
Embodiment 2:
First, prepared by raw material:
1. slow release fertilizer particle is made up of following raw material:Trace element 5 parts, 4 parts of urea, 3 parts of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, 2 parts of crab shell, 2 parts of pig testis, 0.5 part of molasses, 1 part of cocoanut tree skin, 1 part of banyan deadwood, 2 parts of lotus bar, 1 part of Chinese pennisetum, Festuca Arundinacea 1 1.5 parts of part, 1 part of Bermuda grass and cellulase
5 parts of thiocarbamide, 5 parts of diphenylphosphoryl diamines, 2 parts of propylene glycol alginate, cyanoacrylate-acetylation hydroxy propyl cellulose 2 parts of 2 parts of element, 2 parts of furane resins and polyurethane;
Wherein, trace element includes 2 parts of boron fertilizer, 3 parts of cobalt fertilizer, 3 parts of zinc fertilizer, 3 parts of copper fertilizer, 3 parts of molydbenum fertilizer, 3 parts of manganese fertilizer, iron fertilizer 3 parts;
The raw material of said ratio is applied to the following method for preparing slow release fertilizer particle, specifically included:
A, by crab shell, pig testis crush mix with molasses keep humidity be 65%, fermentation process 6 days obtains protein fermentation Thing;
B, cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, Chinese pennisetum, Festuca Arundinacea and Bermuda grass be crushed to particle diameter 1.5cm, then Mixed with cellulase, fermentation process 3 days obtains fiber fermentation thing;
C, protein fermentation thing, fiber fermentation thing and trace element, urea, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate be mixed to get fertilizer it is effective into Point;
D, thiocarbamide, diphenylphosphoryl diamines and effective fertilizer composition be mixed to get first composition fertilizer;
E, first composition fertilizer is sprayed to aqueous solution stirring moistening be defined to not water outlet is held, be then placed in what is constantly rotated In packing machine, then by after binding agent and water dissolving, equably sprayed into by the nozzle on packing machine, until obtaining particle diameter for 3mm Granular fertilizer, processing is then dried, packs and gets product.
2. matrix is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight:5 parts of slow release fertilizer particle, activation 10 parts of selenium mineral powder, Middle 10 parts of sand, 5 parts of leaf mould, 8 parts of alginic acid, 18 parts of sea-gull excrement, 8 parts of turfy soil, 5 parts of wood powder, 5 parts of yellow mud, expanded duck excrement 5 Part;
Wherein, activation selenium mineral powder is specifically what is prepared by following methods:The selenium slag for choosing selenium mining area is put into meat soup In culture medium, Shaking culture 3 hours at 38 DEG C, then bacterium night progress plate streak is cultivated on nutrient medium, The condition of culture is that temperature is 37 DEG C, 6 hours, then chooses the dimmed bacterium colony of growing way presentation and is configured to bacterium solution, stand-by;It will contain Selenium amount 300mg/kg selenium mineral powder is broken, ball milling, crosses 100 mesh sieves, is then added in stand-by bacterium solution, is 38 DEG C of conditions in temperature Lower progress Shaking culture 2 hours, you can obtain activating selenium mineral powder.
Wherein, expanded duck excrement is specifically what is prepared by following methods:Duck excrement is built into heap keeps internal temperature to be 50 DEG C Spontaneous fermentation 8 hours, then opens natural cooling by duck excrement, and thermal cracking 3S at 900 DEG C is then heated in boiler, you can To expanded duck excrement.
2nd, matrix obtained above is applied on following method for culturing seedlings.
Selection and processing, cuttage, vernalization and culture of rootage, acclimatization and transplantses including cuttage branch;
(1) selection and processing of cuttage branch, specifically include following processing:
1. selection maternal plant is good, and the branch without pest and disease damage, semi-lignified;
2. the branch chosen is chipped away from redleaf litse root base portion with knife, inclined-plane trimming then is carried out to the bottom of branch, Then the beveled ends trimmed are diluted into 800 times with the clever solution of bacterium or Mancozeb to soak 10 minutes, rushed after taking-up with clear water Wash, obtain cuttage branch stand-by;
3. sugar is added in ABT takes root the solution that powder content is 5mg/L, stirring and dissolving is subsequently added into foregoing hormotone Solution, is subsequently added into acid loess and stirs into slurry of taking root, and will take root slurry natural cooling after high-temperature sterilization 25 minutes, stand-by;
Wherein, sugared addition accounts for the 2% of solution weight, and the addition of hormotone solution accounts for the 1% of solution weight;
Wherein, hormotone solution is indole-3-acetic acid, gibberellin, α-naphthylacetic acid according to 15:3:5 weight is than mixing What configuration was obtained;
(2) cuttage:After being handled by step (1), it is 5 centimetres, depth that the centre of the matrix in container for plant growth, which holds aperture successfully, The matrix cuttage cave for 5 centimetres is spent, the central axis in the matrix cuttage cave dips in cuttage branch point horizontal by 45 ° The beveled ends cuttage of slurry of taking root enters matrix cuttage cave, then fills up cave, then root water of drenching using river sand;
(3) vernalization and culture of rootage:After cuttage seeding cuttage 10 days, vernalization is carried out to fringe bar using germinator, treats new Spray foliar fertilizer after the tip, young leaves expansion, promote photosynthesis, hestening rooting, urge root culture until obtain root system up to 12cm and Take root when number is 20 and can obtain camphor tree seedling;
(4) acclimatization and transplantses:By obtained camphor tree transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, it is 60% to keep air humidity, and temperature is 28 DEG C, acclimatization and transplantses can go out garden after 60 days.
Embodiment 3:
First, prepared by raw material:
1. slow release fertilizer particle is made up of following raw material:Trace element 3 parts, 2 parts of urea, 2 parts of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, 1.5 parts of crab shell, 1.5 parts of pig testis, 1 part of molasses, 1 part of cocoanut tree skin, 1.5 parts of banyan deadwood, 1 part of lotus bar, 1.5 parts of Chinese pennisetum, 1.5 parts of 1 part of Festuca Arundinacea, 1 part of Bermuda grass and cellulase
4 parts of thiocarbamide, 5 parts of diphenylphosphoryl diamines, cyanoacrylate -2 parts of acetylation hydroxypropyl cellulose, furane resins 2 2 parts of part and polyurethane;
Wherein, trace element includes 0.5 part of boron fertilizer, 1 part of cobalt fertilizer, 0.5 part of zinc fertilizer, 0.5 part of copper fertilizer, 0.5 part of molydbenum fertilizer, manganese fertilizer 1 part, 1 part of iron fertilizer;
The raw material of said ratio is applied to the following method for preparing slow release fertilizer particle, specifically included:
A, by crab shell, pig testis crush mix with molasses keep humidity be 65%, fermentation process 6 days obtains protein fermentation Thing;
B, cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, Chinese pennisetum, Festuca Arundinacea and Bermuda grass be crushed to particle diameter 1cm, Ran Houyu Cellulase is mixed, and fermentation process 3 days obtains fiber fermentation thing;
C, protein fermentation thing, fiber fermentation thing and trace element, urea, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate be mixed to get fertilizer it is effective into Point;
D, thiocarbamide, diphenylphosphoryl diamines and effective fertilizer composition be mixed to get first composition fertilizer;
E, first composition fertilizer is sprayed to aqueous solution stirring moistening be defined to not water outlet is held, be then placed in what is constantly rotated In packing machine, then by after binding agent and water dissolving, equably sprayed into by the nozzle on packing machine, until obtaining particle diameter for 3mm Granular fertilizer, processing is then dried, packs and gets product.
2. matrix is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight:4 parts of slow release fertilizer particle, activation 6 parts of selenium mineral powder, in 7 parts of sand, 4 parts of leaf mould, 5 parts of alginic acid, 14 parts of sea-gull excrement, 6 parts of turfy soil, 4 parts of wood powder, 4 parts of yellow mud, 4 parts of expanded duck excrement;
Wherein, activation selenium mineral powder is specifically what is prepared by following methods:The selenium slag for choosing selenium mining area is put into meat soup In culture medium, Shaking culture 3 hours at 38 DEG C, then bacterium night progress plate streak is cultivated on nutrient medium, The condition of culture is that temperature is 37 DEG C, 5.5 hours, then chooses the dimmed bacterium colony of growing way presentation and is configured to bacterium solution, stand-by;Will Selenium content 265mg/kg selenium mineral powder is broken, ball milling, crosses 100 mesh sieves, is then added in stand-by bacterium solution, is 38 DEG C of bars in temperature Shaking culture is carried out under part 2 hours, you can obtain activating selenium mineral powder.
Wherein, expanded duck excrement is specifically what is prepared by following methods:Duck excrement is built into heap keeps internal temperature to be 50 DEG C Spontaneous fermentation 7 hours, then opens natural cooling by duck excrement, and thermal cracking 2S at 850 DEG C is then heated in boiler, you can To expanded duck excrement.
2nd, matrix obtained above is applied on following method for culturing seedlings.
Selection and processing, cuttage, vernalization and culture of rootage, acclimatization and transplantses including cuttage branch;
(1) selection and processing of cuttage branch, specifically include following processing:
1. selection maternal plant is good, and the branch without pest and disease damage, semi-lignified;
2. the branch chosen is chipped away from redleaf litse root base portion with knife, inclined-plane trimming then is carried out to the bottom of branch, Then the beveled ends trimmed are diluted into 600 times with the clever solution of bacterium or Mancozeb to soak 9 minutes, rushed after taking-up with clear water Wash, obtain cuttage branch stand-by;
3. sugar is added in ABT takes root the solution that powder content is 2mg/L, stirring and dissolving is subsequently added into foregoing hormotone Solution, is subsequently added into acid loess and stirs into slurry of taking root, and will take root slurry natural cooling after high-temperature sterilization 20 minutes, stand-by;
Wherein, sugared addition accounts for the 2% of solution weight, and the addition of hormotone solution accounts for the 1% of solution weight;
Wherein, hormotone solution is indole-3-acetic acid, gibberellin, α-naphthylacetic acid according to 11:2:4 weight is than mixing What configuration was obtained;
(2) cuttage:After being handled by step (1), it is 4 centimetres, depth that the centre of the matrix in container for plant growth, which holds aperture successfully, The matrix cuttage cave for 4 centimetres is spent, the central axis in the matrix cuttage cave dips in cuttage branch point horizontal by 40 ° The beveled ends cuttage of slurry of taking root enters matrix cuttage cave, then fills up cave, then root water of drenching using river sand;
(3) vernalization and culture of rootage:After cuttage seeding cuttage 8 days, vernalization is carried out to fringe bar using germinator, treats new Spray foliar fertilizer after the tip, young leaves expansion, promote photosynthesis, hestening rooting, urge root culture until obtain root system up to 10cm and Take root when number is 15 and can obtain camphor tree seedling;
(4) acclimatization and transplantses:By obtained camphor tree transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, it is 60% to keep air humidity, and temperature is 28 DEG C, acclimatization and transplantses can go out garden after 80 days.
Embodiment 4:
First, prepared by raw material:
1. slow release fertilizer particle is made up of following raw material:Trace element 3 parts, 4 parts of urea, 4 parts of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, 1 part of crab shell, 0.5 part of pig testis, 1.5 parts of molasses, 1 part of cocoanut tree skin, 0.5 part of banyan deadwood, 0.5 part of lotus bar, 1 part of Chinese pennisetum, 1.5 parts of 0.5 part of Festuca Arundinacea, 1 part of Bermuda grass and cellulase
2 parts of 3 parts of thiocarbamide, 4 parts of diphenylphosphoryl diamines, 3 parts of propylene glycol alginate, 2 parts of furane resins and polyurethane;
Wherein, trace element includes 2 parts of boron fertilizer, 2 parts of cobalt fertilizer, 2 parts of zinc fertilizer, 2 parts of copper fertilizer, 2 parts of molydbenum fertilizer, 2 parts of manganese fertilizer, iron fertilizer 2 parts;
The raw material of said ratio is applied to the following method for preparing slow release fertilizer particle, specifically included:
A, by crab shell, pig testis crush mix with molasses keep humidity be 65%, fermentation process 7 days obtains protein fermentation Thing;
B, cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, Chinese pennisetum, Festuca Arundinacea and Bermuda grass be crushed to particle diameter 1.5cm, then Mixed with cellulase, fermentation process 2 days obtains fiber fermentation thing;
C, protein fermentation thing, fiber fermentation thing and trace element, urea, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate be mixed to get fertilizer it is effective into Point;
D, thiocarbamide, diphenylphosphoryl diamines and effective fertilizer composition be mixed to get first composition fertilizer;
E, first composition fertilizer is sprayed to aqueous solution stirring moistening be defined to not water outlet is held, be then placed in what is constantly rotated In packing machine, then by after binding agent and water dissolving, equably sprayed into by the nozzle on packing machine, until obtaining particle diameter for 3mm Granular fertilizer, processing is then dried, packs and gets product.
2. matrix is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight:4 parts of slow release fertilizer particle, activation 9 parts of selenium mineral powder, in 8 parts of sand, 4 parts of leaf mould, 7 parts of alginic acid, 17 parts of sea-gull excrement, 6 parts of turfy soil, 4 parts of wood powder, 4 parts of yellow mud, 4 parts of expanded duck excrement;
Wherein, activation selenium mineral powder is specifically what is prepared by following methods:The selenium slag for choosing selenium mining area is put into meat soup In culture medium, Shaking culture 3 hours at 38 DEG C, then bacterium night progress plate streak is cultivated on nutrient medium, The condition of culture is that temperature is 37 DEG C, 6 hours, then chooses the dimmed bacterium colony of growing way presentation and is configured to bacterium solution, stand-by;It will contain Selenium amount 280mg/kg selenium mineral powder is broken, ball milling, crosses 100 mesh sieves, is then added in stand-by bacterium solution, is 38 DEG C of conditions in temperature Lower progress Shaking culture 2 hours, you can obtain activating selenium mineral powder.
Wherein, expanded duck excrement is specifically what is prepared by following methods:Duck excrement is built into heap keeps internal temperature to be 50 DEG C Spontaneous fermentation 6 hours, then opens natural cooling by duck excrement, and thermal cracking 3S at 880 DEG C is then heated in boiler, you can To expanded duck excrement.
2nd, matrix obtained above is applied on following method for culturing seedlings.
Selection and processing, cuttage, vernalization and culture of rootage, acclimatization and transplantses including cuttage branch;
(1) selection and processing of cuttage branch, specifically include following processing:
1. selection maternal plant is good, and the branch without pest and disease damage, semi-lignified;
2. the branch chosen is chipped away from redleaf litse root base portion with knife, inclined-plane trimming then is carried out to the bottom of branch, Then the beveled ends trimmed are diluted into 700 times with the clever solution of bacterium or Mancozeb to soak 8 minutes, rushed after taking-up with clear water Wash, obtain cuttage branch stand-by;
3. sugar is added in ABT takes root the solution that powder content is 4mg/L, stirring and dissolving is subsequently added into foregoing hormotone Solution, is subsequently added into acid loess and stirs into slurry of taking root, and will take root slurry natural cooling after high-temperature sterilization 22 minutes, stand-by;
Wherein, sugared addition accounts for the 2% of solution weight, and the addition of hormotone solution accounts for the 1% of solution weight;
Wherein, hormotone solution is indole-3-acetic acid, gibberellin, α-naphthylacetic acid according to 13:3:4 weight is than mixing What configuration was obtained;
(2) cuttage:After being handled by step (1), it is 4 centimetres, depth that the centre of the matrix in container for plant growth, which holds aperture successfully, The matrix cuttage cave for 3 centimetres is spent, the central axis in the matrix cuttage cave dips in cuttage branch point horizontal by 38 ° The beveled ends cuttage of slurry of taking root enters matrix cuttage cave, then fills up cave, then root water of drenching using river sand;
(3) vernalization and culture of rootage:After cuttage seeding cuttage 9 days, vernalization is carried out to fringe bar using germinator, treats new Spray foliar fertilizer after the tip, young leaves expansion, promote photosynthesis, hestening rooting, urge root culture until obtain root system up to 11cm and Take root when number is 18 and can obtain camphor tree seedling;
(4) acclimatization and transplantses:By obtained camphor tree transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, it is 60% to keep air humidity, and temperature is 28 DEG C, acclimatization and transplantses can go out garden after 75 days.
Comparative example 1:
Do not use the matrix of the application to be cultivated, but use the charcoal of Shuyang County Xinhe River town little Mo flower plants and nursery stocks Block alginic acid nutrient matrix is cultivated, and other processing are same as Example 3.
Comparative example 2:
The slurry of taking root of the application is not used, but is directly configured to take root slurry to camphor tree skewer using root-inducing powder+yellow mud Seedlings plugging inclined-plane is handled, and other processing are same as Example 3.
Comparative example 3:
Nursery is not carried out using container for plant growth, the nursery directly on seedling culture frame, other processing are same as Example 3.
Embodiment 1-4 and comparative example 1-3 is subjected to experimental plot cultivation on rivers and ponds Dahua County greenhouse farm, and to growth feelings Condition is recorded, and records particular situation such as following table:
Table 1
From above-mentioned data, the cuttage seeding obtained by the application matrix and method plantation is suitable for the ring of growth Border, survival rate is higher, and can unify growing way by being unified in progress nursery in container for plant growth, prevents uneven show As influence sale.
The obtained slow release fertilizer particles of embodiment 1-4 are placed in the environment of certain humidity, slow release fertilizer particle is retrieved Start the time of dissolving release fertility
Each three groups of embodiment point, is humidity 50%, humidity 65%, humidity 75% respectively per three moist gradients of component Detected, testing result is shown in Table 2:
Table 2
As shown in Table 2, the time that the slow release fertilizer particle that prepared by the application discharges fertilizer under certain condition is different, can be with Caused according to different demand conditions by ambient humidity, obtain the time of required fertility matched with plant growth.
The invention is not limited in foregoing embodiment.The present invention, which is expanded to, any in this manual to be disclosed New feature or any new combination, and disclose any new method or process the step of or any new combination.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of method of camphor tree nursery, it is characterised in that:Selection including cuttage branch is with processing, cuttage, vernalization with taking root Culture, acclimatization and transplantses;
(1) selection and processing of cuttage branch, specifically include following processing:
1. selection maternal plant is good, and the branch without pest and disease damage, semi-lignified;
2. the branch chosen is chipped away from redleaf litse root base portion with knife, inclined-plane trimming then is carried out to the bottom of branch, then The beveled ends trimmed are diluted 500-800 times and soaked 8-10 minutes with the clever solution of bacterium or Mancozeb, clear water is used after taking-up Rinse, obtain cuttage branch stand-by;
3. sugar is added in ABT takes root the solution that powder content is 1-5mg/L, stirring and dissolving is subsequently added into foregoing hormotone molten Liquid, is subsequently added into acid loess and stirs into slurry of taking root, and will take root slurry natural cooling after high-temperature sterilization 18-25 minutes, stand-by;
Wherein, sugared addition accounts for the 2% of solution weight, and the addition of hormotone solution accounts for the 1% of solution weight;
Wherein, hormotone solution is indole-3-acetic acid, gibberellin, α-naphthylacetic acid according to 10-15:2-3:3-5 weight is than mixed Close what configuration was obtained;
(2) cuttage:After being handled by step (1), the centre of the matrix in container for plant growth holds aperture successfully for 3-5 centimetres, depth For 3-5 centimetres of matrix cuttage cave, the central axis in the matrix cuttage cave is horizontal by 35 ° -45 °, by cuttage branch The beveled ends cuttage that point dips in slurry of taking root enters matrix cuttage cave, then fills up cave, then root water of drenching using river sand;
The matrix is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight:3-5 parts of slow release fertilizer particle, activation selenium mineral powder 5-10 Part, middle sand 5-10 part, 3-5 parts of leaf mould, 3-8 parts of alginic acid, 10-18 parts of sea-gull excrement, 3-8 parts of turfy soil, 3-5 parts of wood powder, Huang 3-5 parts of mud, expanded duck excrement 3-5 parts;
(3) vernalization and culture of rootage:After cuttage seeding cuttage 7-10 days, vernalization is carried out to fringe bar using germinator, treat young sprout, Foliar fertilizer is sprayed after young leaves expansion, promotes photosynthesis, hestening rooting urges root culture until obtaining root system up to 8-12cm and life Radical can obtain camphor tree seedling when being 10-20 bars;
(4) acclimatization and transplantses:By obtained camphor tree transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, it is 60% to keep air humidity, and temperature is 28 DEG C, Acclimatization and transplantses can go out garden after 60-90 days.
2. the method for camphor tree cuttage fast seedling growing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the container for plant growth is wide opening Cup;The wide opening cup is bottomless penetrating shape;The cup of wide opening cup includes at least two layers, and outermost layer is that film, innermost layer are Brown paper.
3. the method for camphor tree cuttage fast seedling growing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the slow release fertilizer particle by Following raw material is made:10-25 parts of effective fertilizer composition, 5-10 parts of auxiliary material, 5-8 parts of binding agent;
The effective fertilizer composition is made up of following raw material:Trace element, urea, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, crab shell, pig testis, molasses, Cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, Chinese pennisetum, Festuca Arundinacea, Bermuda grass and cellulase;
Include 0.5-3 parts of boron fertilizer, 0.5-3 parts of cobalt fertilizer, 0.5-3 parts of zinc fertilizer, 0.5-3 parts of copper fertilizer, molydbenum fertilizer 0.5-3 in parts by weight Part, 0.5-3 parts of manganese fertilizer, 0.5-3 parts of iron fertilizer;
The auxiliary material includes thiocarbamide and diphenylphosphoryl diamines;
The binding agent is propylene glycol alginate, cyanoacrylate-acetylation hydroxypropyl cellulose, furane resins and polyurethane In at least two.
4. the method for camphor tree cuttage fast seedling growing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the slow release fertilizer particle is Prepared by following method:
A, by crab shell, pig testis crush mix with molasses keep humidity be 65%, fermentation process 5-8 days obtains protein fermentation thing;
B, cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, Chinese pennisetum, Festuca Arundinacea and Bermuda grass be crushed to particle diameter 1-2cm, then with fibre The plain enzyme of dimension is mixed, and fermentation process 2-3 days obtains fiber fermentation thing;
C, protein fermentation thing, fiber fermentation thing and trace element, urea, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate be mixed to get effective fertilizer composition;
D, thiocarbamide, diphenylphosphoryl diamines and effective fertilizer composition be mixed to get first composition fertilizer;
E, first composition fertilizer is sprayed to aqueous solution stirring moistening be defined to not water outlet is held, be then placed in the parcel constantly rotated In machine, then by after binding agent and water dissolving, equably sprayed into by the nozzle on packing machine, until it is 2-3mm's to obtain particle diameter Granular fertilizer, is then dried processing, packs and get product.
5. the method for camphor tree cuttage fast seedling growing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step 3. in, the height Temperature sterilization is carried out disinfection under the conditions of temperature is 90-100 DEG C.
6. the method for camphor tree cuttage fast seedling growing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the activation selenium mineral powder is specific Prepared by following methods:The selenium slag for choosing selenium mining area is put into broth bouillon, and Shaking culture 3 is small at 38 DEG C When, then bacterium night progress plate streak is cultivated on nutrient medium, the condition of culture be temperature be 37 DEG C, 5-6 it is small When, then choose the dimmed bacterium colony of growing way presentation and be configured to bacterium solution, it is stand-by;By selenium content 250-300mg/kg selenium mineral powder Broken, ball milling, crosses 100 mesh sieves, is then added in stand-by bacterium solution, and Shaking culture is carried out 2 hours under the conditions of temperature is 38 DEG C, It can obtain activating selenium mineral powder.
7. the method for camphor tree cuttage fast seedling growing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the expanded duck excrement is specifically Prepared by following methods:Duck excrement is built into heap keeps internal temperature to be 50 DEG C of spontaneous fermentation 5-8 hours, then turns over duck excrement Natural cooling is opened, thermal cracking 2-3S at 800-900 DEG C is then heated in boiler, you can obtain expanded duck excrement.
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CN107810957A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-03-20 广州华苑园林股份有限公司 A kind of ornamental plant root-growing agent and preparation method thereof
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CN108934700A (en) * 2018-07-05 2018-12-07 紫云自治县紫香源农林科技有限责任公司 A kind of mating system of cinnamomum camphora tree
CN113597901A (en) * 2021-09-02 2021-11-05 湖南省林业科学院 Camphor tree twig cutting seedling method
CN115005007A (en) * 2022-07-12 2022-09-06 河北省塞罕坝机械林场(河北塞罕坝国家级自然保护区管理中心) Seedling raising and forestation method for alpine and semiarid wind-eroded desertified land
CN115005007B (en) * 2022-07-12 2024-01-26 河北省塞罕坝机械林场(河北塞罕坝国家级自然保护区管理中心) Seedling cultivation and forestation method for high-cold semiarid wind erosion desertification land

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