CN107155553A - A kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis - Google Patents

A kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107155553A
CN107155553A CN201710284940.1A CN201710284940A CN107155553A CN 107155553 A CN107155553 A CN 107155553A CN 201710284940 A CN201710284940 A CN 201710284940A CN 107155553 A CN107155553 A CN 107155553A
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China
Prior art keywords
radix angelicae
angelicae sinensis
seed
processing
planting
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CN201710284940.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
万继银
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Anhui Province Huoshan County Nongbole Development Co Ltd
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Anhui Province Huoshan County Nongbole Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710284940.1A priority Critical patent/CN107155553A/en
Publication of CN107155553A publication Critical patent/CN107155553A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C5/00Fertilisers containing other nitrates
    • C05C5/04Fertilisers containing other nitrates containing calcium nitrate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis, comprise the following steps:(1)Seed leaves and takes,(2)Seed treatment,(3)Nursery processing,(4)Seed sowing,(5)After planting management,(6)Seedling storage,(7)Transplant field processing,(8)Transplanting processing,(9)Managed after transplanting,(10)Finished product is harvested.Based on the characteristic of itself of the invention by Radix Angelicae Sinensis plant, with reference to substantial amounts of practice, whole growing and cultivation technology is adjusted and optimized, special management wherein for Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting, Angelica Sinensis Seeds germination percentage is effectively promoted to more than 95%, good basis has been established for Radix Angelicae Sinensis plantation, the Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling brought out simultaneously has good nutrient absorption, resistance etc., guarantee is provided for follow-up cultivation, eventually pass to effective management after the storage of Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling, transplanting, the planting benefit of the present invention is lifted well, great popularization.

Description

A kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural plantation technology field, and in particular to a kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis.
Background technology
When being classified as samphire, alias:The Qin is returned, cloud is returned, western Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Min Radix Angelicae Sinensis.Radix Angelicae Sinensis is warm-natured, sweet, pungent, with benefit Blood promoting blood circulation, menstruction regulating and pain relieving, moisturize ease constipation function, cure mainly the diseases such as irregular menstruation, Amenorrhea stomachache, headache due to deficiency of blood, dizziness, herbal cuisine, Consumption is very big in health products, Gu and to sell in domestic and international market, especially interior people's life in recent years is substantially improved, Radix Angelicae Sinensis Demand is also continuously increased.Because the quantity of wild Radix Angelicae Sinensis is falling sharply, current people meet more by way of artificial growth There is seeding ratio for the demand of Radix Angelicae Sinensis, but in the planting technology of seed sowing now low, the problems such as seedling is of poor quality, its is tight The artificial growth benefit of Radix Angelicae Sinensis is constrained again, needs further improvement badly.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is that there is provided a kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis the problem of being directed to existing.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis, comprises the following steps:
(1)Seed is left and taken:
Choose that growing way is vigorous, no disease and pests harm, excellent 3 years raw Radix Angelicae Sinensis plant of moral character as maternal plant, autumn Radix Angelicae Sinensis is spent down then Hang down, the surface of the seed is harvested in batches when being in white powder, standby after Angelica Sinensis Seeds are peeled off;
(2)Seed treatment:
By step(1)Seed after processing is put into rinsed once in clear water after, then to be placed on the constant temperature that temperature is 25 ~ 30 DEG C permanent The moisturizing of wet tank inside holding takes out standby after handling 18 ~ 24h, and it is 70 ~ 80% to control relative humidity;
(3)Nursery processing:
The fertile sand loam of choosing that the soil is porous is applied after 2500 ~ 3000kg of farm manure, soil deeptillage as nursery, then mu Sowed after the furrow that wide 1m is made after site preparation again, leveling earth;
(4)Seed is sowed:
By step(2)Angelica Sinensis Seeds after processing are seeded in step(3)In the nursery put in order, the specific time is selected in " Grain in Ear " Sowed to " Summer Solstice " period, every mu of application rate is 4 ~ 5kg, by seed and plant ash according to 1 during sowing:9 ~ 11 weight ratio enters After row is well mixed, then it is seeded on furrow, the depth of seed sowing is 3 ~ 6cm, is watered immediately once after the completion of sowing;
(5)After planting manage:
A. the 5th ~ 7 day in Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting, carries out once special nutrition addition processing, is specifically daily to nursery Each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in seed special nutrient fluid of interior sprinkling, described seed special nutrient fluid:2 ~ 3 parts of urine Element, 0.4 ~ 0.8 part of magnesium sulfate, 0.5 ~ 1 part of calcium nitrate, 0.2 ~ 0.4 part of ferrous sulfate, 0.3 ~ 0.6 part of zinc molybdate, 1 ~ 2 part be combined Vitamin, 0.03 ~ 0.06 part of compound sodium nitrophenolate, 200 ~ 240 parts of water;
B. the 10th ~ 12 day in Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting, carries out once special ultrasonic irradiation processing, is specifically daily to educating Apply the ultrasonication that a duration is 5 ~ 6h in seedling ground, the frequency for during which controlling ultrasonic wave to apply is 45 ~ 50kHz;
C. when seed sprouting length is high to 3 ~ 4cm, weeding is carried out once to nursery, and mu applies 500 ~ 800kg of farm manure once, Routine Management is carried out afterwards cultivates seedling;
(6)Seedling is preserved:
In the first tenday period of a month in October of seed after planting then, the Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling brought out is removed into progress storage processing, tool from nursery Body is to remove Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling after blade, is that a bundle is bundled according to every 10 ~ 12 plants, then by the Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling code after binding It is positioned in cellar for storing things and preserves, its gap is filled with sand and is compacted;
(7)Transplant field processing:
Choose that soil layer is deep, fertile loose, draining is good, the sand loam containing abundant humus as transplant field, before transplanting Mu applies 3000 ~ 3500kg of farm manure, standby behind plot of raking;
(8)Transplanting is handled:
The first tenday period of a month April next year, by step(6)The Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling of storage is taken out out of cellar for storing things, then by Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling according to according to row strain Away from the mode transplant planting for 30 ~ 35cm × 20 ~ 25cm in step(7)In transplant field after processing, earthing is compressed during transplanting, Then water once;
(9)Managed after transplanting:
A. transplant and carry out three tillage and weedings processing to transplant field then, the specific time was chosen on the May transplanted then respectively Random additional urea fertilizer processing after ten days, mid-June and late August, each tillage and weeding, each mu apply urea 20 ~ 25kg;
B. irrigation operation is carried out according to soil moisture content in time after transplanting, keeps transplant field ground moistening not arid;
C. the root rot common to Radix Angelicae Sinensis, spot blight, brown spot in time, and carrot micro-pipe aphid, Tetranychus cinnabarinus according to a conventional method Insect pest carries out Prevention technology;
(10)Finished product is harvested:
October then is transplanted, is excavated when Radix Angelicae Sinensis plant is withered and yellow, full root is dug out, soil is washed away.
Further, step(3), step(5), step(7)Described in farm manure be by cow dung, sheep manure, pluck Leftover bits and pieces, maize straw are according to mass ratio 20 ~ 25:10~15:4~7:After 50 ~ 60 mixing, it is made after abundant fermentation maturity.
Further, step(5)Operate and contain vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin in the B B-complex described in a B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D.
Further, step(5)The applied amount for operating the special nutrient fluid described in a each every mu is 50 ~ 60kg.
Further, step(5)Ultrasonication selection described in operation b is opened between daily morning 4.00 ~ 5.00 Begin to carry out.
Further, step(6)Described in storage when control the temperature in cellar for storing things to be 2 ~ 6 DEG C, relative humidity control for 60 ~ 65%。
The growth course of the plant such as Radix Angelicae Sinensis is that a front-to-back effect associates larger process, if the seedling quality cultivated is not Good, follow-up management method is good again to be also unable to reach expected effect, therefore it is that lifting is whole rationally to pay attention to the growth course in each stage The necessary means of body benefit.The present invention is finally breached well by effective control to the production of hybrid seeds each stage into harvesting The bottleneck of existing plantation, improves overall planting benefit.In seed after planting, the present invention is carried out to two stages after planting Special management operation, is that nutrition adds processing and ultrasonic irradiation processing respectively, its purpose is to improve seed to sprout Process, lifting raises an infant the quality of seedling, wherein being chosen at the 5th ~ 7 day of Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting, progress is once special daily Nutrient solution addition is handled, containing elemental compositions such as abundant N, Mg, Ca, Fe, Zn in special nutrient fluid, and B B-complex, Compound sodium nitrophenolate etc., and period that exactly the intracellular chloroplaset of Angelica Sinensis Seeds embryo is largely produced in this stage, that now adds is special Nutrient composition can ensure the normal substantial amounts of generation of chloroplaset, be that excellent basis bar has been established in formation, the growth of follow-up seedling Part, the compound sodium nitrophenolate of addition can strengthen the Differentiation vigor of cell again, help to shorten and sprout duration, quality is sprouted in enhancing; In the 10th ~ 12 day of Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting, a ultrasonic irradiation processing is carried out daily, and this stage is part kind blastocyte point It is melted into growing point and then forms the period of growth cone institutional framework, and growth cone institutional framework subsequently influences to differentiate phyllogen Base, concerns growing for leaf bud blade etc., while blastocyte can also differentiate indefinite root tissue, has now carried out particular frequencies Ultrasonication, can this stage of effective stimulus differentiation process, accelerate the speed of beneficial process, while part enzyme can be improved again Activity, the seedling superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, catalase and the nitrate reductase that bring out after this processing Enzyme has been lifted, and improves the quality of seedling, significant;Storage for the winter processing is carried out to the seedling brought out afterwards, Its storage practice can lift the adverse-resistant characteristics such as the drought resisting of seedling, can further improve the quality of Radix Angelicae Sinensis plant, and basis is worked as after transplanting Return the regulation of fertilizer requirement of plant to carry out fertilizer addition in time, it is ensured that its healthy rapidity grown, be that the lifting of yield is established Basis.
The present invention has advantages below compared with prior art:
Based on the characteristic of itself of the invention by Radix Angelicae Sinensis plant, with reference to substantial amounts of practice, whole growing and cultivation technology is entered Go and adjusted and optimize, wherein Angelica Sinensis Seeds germination percentage, is effectively promoted to by the special management for Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting More than 95%, it is that good basis has been established in Radix Angelicae Sinensis plantation, while the Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling brought out has good nutrient absorption, resistance Deng, provide guarantee for follow-up cultivation, eventually pass to Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling preserve, transplant after effective management, plantation of the invention Benefit is lifted well, great popularization.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis, comprises the following steps:
(1)Seed is left and taken:
Choose that growing way is vigorous, no disease and pests harm, excellent 3 years raw Radix Angelicae Sinensis plant of moral character as maternal plant, autumn Radix Angelicae Sinensis is spent down then Hang down, the surface of the seed is harvested in batches when being in white powder, standby after Angelica Sinensis Seeds are peeled off;
(2)Seed treatment:
By step(1)Seed after processing is put into rinsed once in clear water after, then to be placed on the constant temperature that temperature is 25 ~ 26 DEG C permanent Take out standby after wet tank inside holding moisturizing processing 18h, it is 70 ~ 73% to control relative humidity;
(3)Nursery processing:
The fertile sand loam of choosing that the soil is porous is applied whole again after farm manure 2500kg, soil deeptillage as nursery, then mu Sowed after the furrow that wide 1m is made after ground, leveling earth;
(4)Seed is sowed:
By step(2)Angelica Sinensis Seeds after processing are seeded in step(3)In the nursery put in order, the specific time is selected in " Grain in Ear " Sowed to " Summer Solstice " period, every mu of application rate is 4kg, by seed and plant ash according to 1 during sowing:9 weight ratio is mixed After closing uniformly, then it is seeded on furrow, the depth of seed sowing is 3 ~ 6cm, is watered immediately once after the completion of sowing;
(5)After planting manage:
A. the 5th ~ 7 day in Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting, carries out once special nutrition addition processing, is specifically daily to nursery Each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in seed special nutrient fluid of interior sprinkling, described seed special nutrient fluid:2 parts of urine Element, 0.4 part of magnesium sulfate, 0.5 part of calcium nitrate, 0.2 part of ferrous sulfate, 0.3 part of zinc molybdate, 1 part of B B-complex, 0.03 part of multiple nitre Phenol sodium, 200 parts of water;
B. the 10th ~ 12 day in Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting, carries out once special ultrasonic irradiation processing, is specifically daily to educating Apply the ultrasonication that a duration is 5h in seedling ground, the frequency for during which controlling ultrasonic wave to apply is 45 ~ 46kHz;
C. when seed sprouting length is high to 3 ~ 4cm, weeding is carried out once to nursery, and mu applies farm manure 500kg once, afterwards Carry out Routine Management and cultivate seedling;
(6)Seedling is preserved:
In the first tenday period of a month in October of seed after planting then, the Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling brought out is removed into progress storage processing, tool from nursery Body is to remove Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling after blade, is that a bundle is bundled according to every 10 ~ 12 plants, then by the Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling code after binding It is positioned in cellar for storing things and preserves, its gap is filled with sand and is compacted;
(7)Transplant field processing:
Choose that soil layer is deep, fertile loose, draining is good, the sand loam containing abundant humus as transplant field, before transplanting Mu applies farm manure 3000kg, standby behind plot of raking;
(8)Transplanting is handled:
The first tenday period of a month April next year, by step(6)The Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling of storage is taken out out of cellar for storing things, then by Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling according to according to row strain Away from the mode transplant planting for 30cm × 20cm in step(7)In transplant field after processing, earthing is compressed during transplanting, then poured Water is once;
(9)Managed after transplanting:
A. transplant and carry out three tillage and weedings processing to transplant field then, the specific time was chosen on the May transplanted then respectively Random additional urea fertilizer processing after ten days, mid-June and late August, each tillage and weeding, each mu applies urea 20kg;
B. irrigation operation is carried out according to soil moisture content in time after transplanting, keeps transplant field ground moistening not arid;
C. the root rot common to Radix Angelicae Sinensis, spot blight, brown spot in time, and carrot micro-pipe aphid, Tetranychus cinnabarinus according to a conventional method Insect pest carries out Prevention technology;
(10)Finished product is harvested:
October then is transplanted, is excavated when Radix Angelicae Sinensis plant is withered and yellow, full root is dug out, soil is washed away.
Further, step(3), step(5), step(7)Described in farm manure be by cow dung, sheep manure, pluck Leftover bits and pieces, maize straw are according to mass ratio 20:10:4:After 50 mixing, it is made after abundant fermentation maturity.
Further, step(5)Operate and contain vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin in the B B-complex described in a B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D.
Further, step(5)The applied amount for operating the special nutrient fluid described in a each every mu is 50kg.
Further, step(5)Ultrasonication selection described in operation b is proceeded by daily morning 4.00.
Further, step(6)Described in storage when control the temperature in cellar for storing things to be 2 ~ 3 DEG C, relative humidity control for 60 ~ 65%。
Embodiment 2
A kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis, comprises the following steps:
(1)Seed is left and taken:
Choose that growing way is vigorous, no disease and pests harm, excellent 3 years raw Radix Angelicae Sinensis plant of moral character as maternal plant, autumn Radix Angelicae Sinensis is spent down then Hang down, the surface of the seed is harvested in batches when being in white powder, standby after Angelica Sinensis Seeds are peeled off;
(2)Seed treatment:
By step(1)Seed after processing is put into rinsed once in clear water after, then to be placed on the constant temperature that temperature is 27 ~ 28 DEG C permanent Take out standby after wet tank inside holding moisturizing processing 21h, it is 73 ~ 76% to control relative humidity;
(3)Nursery processing:
The fertile sand loam of choosing that the soil is porous is applied whole again after farm manure 2800kg, soil deeptillage as nursery, then mu Sowed after the furrow that wide 1m is made after ground, leveling earth;
(4)Seed is sowed:
By step(2)Angelica Sinensis Seeds after processing are seeded in step(3)In the nursery put in order, the specific time is selected in " Grain in Ear " Sowed to " Summer Solstice " period, every mu of application rate is 4.5kg, by seed and plant ash according to 1 during sowing:10 weight is than carrying out After well mixed, then it is seeded on furrow, the depth of seed sowing is 3 ~ 6cm, is watered immediately once after the completion of sowing;
(5)After planting manage:
A. the 5th ~ 7 day in Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting, carries out once special nutrition addition processing, is specifically daily to nursery Each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in seed special nutrient fluid of interior sprinkling, described seed special nutrient fluid:2.5 parts of urine Element, 0.6 part of magnesium sulfate, 0.8 part of calcium nitrate, 0.3 part of ferrous sulfate, 0.5 part of zinc molybdate, 1.5 parts of B B-complexes, 0.05 part it is multiple Nitre phenol sodium, 220 parts of water;
B. the 10th ~ 12 day in Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting, carries out once special ultrasonic irradiation processing, is specifically daily to educating Apply the ultrasonication that a duration is 5.5h in seedling ground, the frequency for during which controlling ultrasonic wave to apply is 47 ~ 48kHz;
C. when seed sprouting length is high to 3 ~ 4cm, weeding is carried out once to nursery, and mu applies farm manure 650kg once, afterwards Carry out Routine Management and cultivate seedling;
(6)Seedling is preserved:
In the first tenday period of a month in October of seed after planting then, the Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling brought out is removed into progress storage processing, tool from nursery Body is to remove Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling after blade, is that a bundle is bundled according to every 10 ~ 12 plants, then by the Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling code after binding It is positioned in cellar for storing things and preserves, its gap is filled with sand and is compacted;
(7)Transplant field processing:
Choose that soil layer is deep, fertile loose, draining is good, the sand loam containing abundant humus as transplant field, before transplanting Mu applies farm manure 3200kg, standby behind plot of raking;
(8)Transplanting is handled:
The first tenday period of a month April next year, by step(6)The Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling of storage is taken out out of cellar for storing things, then by Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling according to according to row strain Away from the mode transplant planting for 33cm × 22cm in step(7)In transplant field after processing, earthing is compressed during transplanting, then poured Water is once;
(9)Managed after transplanting:
A. transplant and carry out three tillage and weedings processing to transplant field then, the specific time was chosen on the May transplanted then respectively Random additional urea fertilizer processing after ten days, mid-June and late August, each tillage and weeding, each mu applies urea 23kg;
B. irrigation operation is carried out according to soil moisture content in time after transplanting, keeps transplant field ground moistening not arid;
C. the root rot common to Radix Angelicae Sinensis, spot blight, brown spot in time, and carrot micro-pipe aphid, Tetranychus cinnabarinus according to a conventional method Insect pest carries out Prevention technology;
(10)Finished product is harvested:
October then is transplanted, is excavated when Radix Angelicae Sinensis plant is withered and yellow, full root is dug out, soil is washed away.
Further, step(3), step(5), step(7)Described in farm manure be by cow dung, sheep manure, pluck Leftover bits and pieces, maize straw are according to mass ratio 22:13:6:After 55 mixing, it is made after abundant fermentation maturity.
Further, step(5)Operate and contain vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin in the B B-complex described in a B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D.
Further, step(5)The applied amount for operating the special nutrient fluid described in a each every mu is 55kg.
Further, step(5)Ultrasonication selection described in operation b is proceeded by daily morning 4.30.
Further, step(6)Described in storage when control the temperature in cellar for storing things to be 3 ~ 5 DEG C, relative humidity control for 60 ~ 65%。
Embodiment 3
A kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis, comprises the following steps:
(1)Seed is left and taken:
Choose that growing way is vigorous, no disease and pests harm, excellent 3 years raw Radix Angelicae Sinensis plant of moral character as maternal plant, autumn Radix Angelicae Sinensis is spent down then Hang down, the surface of the seed is harvested in batches when being in white powder, standby after Angelica Sinensis Seeds are peeled off;
(2)Seed treatment:
By step(1)Seed after processing is put into rinsed once in clear water after, then to be placed on the constant temperature that temperature is 28 ~ 30 DEG C permanent Take out standby after wet tank inside holding moisturizing processing 24h, it is 78 ~ 80% to control relative humidity;
(3)Nursery processing:
The fertile sand loam of choosing that the soil is porous is applied whole again after farm manure 3000kg, soil deeptillage as nursery, then mu Sowed after the furrow that wide 1m is made after ground, leveling earth;
(4)Seed is sowed:
By step(2)Angelica Sinensis Seeds after processing are seeded in step(3)In the nursery put in order, the specific time is selected in " Grain in Ear " Sowed to " Summer Solstice " period, every mu of application rate is 5kg, by seed and plant ash according to 1 during sowing:11 weight ratio is mixed After closing uniformly, then it is seeded on furrow, the depth of seed sowing is 3 ~ 6cm, is watered immediately once after the completion of sowing;
(5)After planting manage:
A. the 5th ~ 7 day in Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting, carries out once special nutrition addition processing, is specifically daily to nursery Each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in seed special nutrient fluid of interior sprinkling, described seed special nutrient fluid:3 parts of urine Element, 0.8 part of magnesium sulfate, 1 part of calcium nitrate, 0.4 part of ferrous sulfate, 0.6 part of zinc molybdate, 2 parts of B B-complexes, 0.06 part of compound nitrophenol Sodium, 240 parts of water;
B. the 10th ~ 12 day in Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting, carries out once special ultrasonic irradiation processing, is specifically daily to educating Apply the ultrasonication that a duration is 6h in seedling ground, the frequency for during which controlling ultrasonic wave to apply is 48 ~ 50kHz;
C. when seed sprouting length is high to 3 ~ 4cm, weeding is carried out once to nursery, and mu applies farm manure 800kg once, afterwards Carry out Routine Management and cultivate seedling;
(6)Seedling is preserved:
In the first tenday period of a month in October of seed after planting then, the Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling brought out is removed into progress storage processing, tool from nursery Body is to remove Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling after blade, is that a bundle is bundled according to every 10 ~ 12 plants, then by the Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling code after binding It is positioned in cellar for storing things and preserves, its gap is filled with sand and is compacted;
(7)Transplant field processing:
Choose that soil layer is deep, fertile loose, draining is good, the sand loam containing abundant humus as transplant field, before transplanting Mu applies farm manure 3500kg, standby behind plot of raking;
(8)Transplanting is handled:
The first tenday period of a month April next year, by step(6)The Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling of storage is taken out out of cellar for storing things, then by Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling according to according to row strain Away from the mode transplant planting for 35cm × 25cm in step(7)In transplant field after processing, earthing is compressed during transplanting, then poured Water is once;
(9)Managed after transplanting:
A. transplant and carry out three tillage and weedings processing to transplant field then, the specific time was chosen on the May transplanted then respectively Random additional urea fertilizer processing after ten days, mid-June and late August, each tillage and weeding, each mu applies urea 25kg;
B. irrigation operation is carried out according to soil moisture content in time after transplanting, keeps transplant field ground moistening not arid;
C. the root rot common to Radix Angelicae Sinensis, spot blight, brown spot in time, and carrot micro-pipe aphid, Tetranychus cinnabarinus according to a conventional method Insect pest carries out Prevention technology;
(10)Finished product is harvested:
October then is transplanted, is excavated when Radix Angelicae Sinensis plant is withered and yellow, full root is dug out, soil is washed away.
Further, step(3), step(5), step(7)Described in farm manure be by cow dung, sheep manure, pluck Leftover bits and pieces, maize straw are according to mass ratio 25:15:7:After 60 mixing, it is made after abundant fermentation maturity.
Further, step(5)Operate and contain vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin in the B B-complex described in a B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D.
Further, step(5)The applied amount for operating the special nutrient fluid described in a each every mu is 60kg.
Further, step(5)Ultrasonication selection described in operation b is proceeded by daily morning 5.00.
Further, step(6)Described in storage when control the temperature in cellar for storing things to be 4 ~ 6 DEG C, relative humidity control for 60 ~ 65%。
Comparative example 1
This comparative example 1 compared with Example 2, saves step(5)Operation a processing in after planting managing, side in addition Method step all same.
Comparative example 2
This comparative example 2 compared with Example 2, saves step(5)Operation b processing in after planting managing, side in addition Method step all same.
Comparative example 3
This comparative example 3 compared with Example 2, changes former step(5)Operation a processing modes in after planting managing, by it Processing time selects to carry out during Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting the 10th ~ 12 day, i.e., by origin operation a processing and in origin operation b Together carry out, method and step all same in addition.
Control group
Existing Angelica Sinensis Seeds nursery implantation methods.
In order to contrast effect of the present invention, as experimental subjects, it is grouped at random from a collection of obtained Angelica Sinensis Seeds Afterwards, then correspond to and carried out with above-described embodiment 2, comparative example 1, comparative example 2, comparative example 3, the method for control group Growing nursery and culture, and the cultivation data of period are counted, wherein table 1 below be Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling grow to 5 ~ 6cm it is high when body in not The active correction data of enzyme of the same race:
Table 1
Note:Superoxide dismutase described in upper table 1(SOD)Activity measurement is measured using NBT reducing process, described mistake Oxide enzyme(POD)Activity measurement is measured using guaiacol method, described catalase(CAT)Activity measurement is used H2O2Ultraviolet absorption method is measured, described nitrate reductase(NR)Activity measurement is measured using in vitro method.
The activity of this four kinds of enzymes of the Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling that the inventive method is brought out it can be seen from upper table 1 is obviously improved, and Tri- kinds of enzymes of SOD, POD, CAT are the important components of internal resistance oxidative stress, and the product of Radix Angelicae Sinensis own metabolism is easily right The effect for suppressing growth is poisoned in itself generation, and the lifting of such enzymatic activity helps avoid the damage of plant membranous system, and enhancing is certainly The growth resistance capacity of body, and NR is then its internal active key enzyme of nitrogen metabolism, the big I reaction plant of its activity For NO3 -Absorb situation, as can be seen from the above table, seedling NR of the present invention activity has very big lifting, in follow-up kind It has also been found that it also has very big lifting for the utilization of remaining elemental composition in plant, show that the nutrient absorption property of Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling is obtained Larger improvement.
Table 2 below is the corresponding Radix Angelicae Sinensis per mu yield data comparison of each group:
Table 2
The Radix Angelicae Sinensis per mu yield that the inventive method is brought out it can be seen from upper table 2 also has larger lifting, corresponding planting benefit Higher, promotional value is preferable.

Claims (6)

1. the high benefit planting technology of a kind of Radix Angelicae Sinensis, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)Seed is left and taken:
Choose that growing way is vigorous, no disease and pests harm, excellent 3 years raw Radix Angelicae Sinensis plant of moral character as maternal plant, autumn Radix Angelicae Sinensis is spent down then Hang down, the surface of the seed is harvested in batches when being in white powder, standby after Angelica Sinensis Seeds are peeled off;
(2)Seed treatment:
By step(1)Seed after processing is put into rinsed once in clear water after, then to be placed on the constant temperature that temperature is 25 ~ 30 DEG C permanent The moisturizing of wet tank inside holding takes out standby after handling 18 ~ 24h, and it is 70 ~ 80% to control relative humidity;
(3)Nursery processing:
The fertile sand loam of choosing that the soil is porous is applied after 2500 ~ 3000kg of farm manure, soil deeptillage as nursery, then mu Sowed after the furrow that wide 1m is made after site preparation again, leveling earth;
(4)Seed is sowed:
By step(2)Angelica Sinensis Seeds after processing are seeded in step(3)In the nursery put in order, the specific time is selected in " Grain in Ear " Sowed to " Summer Solstice " period, every mu of application rate is 4 ~ 5kg, by seed and plant ash according to 1 during sowing:9 ~ 11 weight ratio enters After row is well mixed, then it is seeded on furrow, the depth of seed sowing is 3 ~ 6cm, is watered immediately once after the completion of sowing;
(5)After planting manage:
A. the 5th ~ 7 day in Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting, carries out once special nutrition addition processing, is specifically daily to nursery Each material and its correspondence parts by weight are in seed special nutrient fluid of interior sprinkling, described seed special nutrient fluid:2 ~ 3 parts of urine Element, 0.4 ~ 0.8 part of magnesium sulfate, 0.5 ~ 1 part of calcium nitrate, 0.2 ~ 0.4 part of ferrous sulfate, 0.3 ~ 0.6 part of zinc molybdate, 1 ~ 2 part be combined Vitamin, 0.03 ~ 0.06 part of compound sodium nitrophenolate, 200 ~ 240 parts of water;
B. the 10th ~ 12 day in Angelica Sinensis Seeds after planting, carries out once special ultrasonic irradiation processing, is specifically daily to educating Apply the ultrasonication that a duration is 5 ~ 6h in seedling ground, the frequency for during which controlling ultrasonic wave to apply is 45 ~ 50kHz;
C. when seed sprouting length is high to 3 ~ 4cm, weeding is carried out once to nursery, and mu applies 500 ~ 800kg of farm manure once, Routine Management is carried out afterwards cultivates seedling;
(6)Seedling is preserved:
In the first tenday period of a month in October of seed after planting then, the Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling brought out is removed into progress storage processing, tool from nursery Body is to remove Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling after blade, is that a bundle is bundled according to every 10 ~ 12 plants, then by the Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling code after binding It is positioned in cellar for storing things and preserves, its gap is filled with sand and is compacted;
(7)Transplant field processing:
Choose that soil layer is deep, fertile loose, draining is good, the sand loam containing abundant humus as transplant field, before transplanting Mu applies 3000 ~ 3500kg of farm manure, standby behind plot of raking;
(8)Transplanting is handled:
The first tenday period of a month April next year, by step(6)The Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling of storage is taken out out of cellar for storing things, then by Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling according to according to row strain Away from the mode transplant planting for 30 ~ 35cm × 20 ~ 25cm in step(7)In transplant field after processing, earthing is compressed during transplanting, Then water once;
(9)Managed after transplanting:
A. transplant and carry out three tillage and weedings processing to transplant field then, the specific time was chosen on the May transplanted then respectively Random additional urea fertilizer processing after ten days, mid-June and late August, each tillage and weeding, each mu apply urea 20 ~ 25kg;
B. irrigation operation is carried out according to soil moisture content in time after transplanting, keeps transplant field ground moistening not arid;
C. the root rot common to Radix Angelicae Sinensis, spot blight, brown spot in time, and carrot micro-pipe aphid, Tetranychus cinnabarinus according to a conventional method Insect pest carries out Prevention technology;
(10)Finished product is harvested:
October then is transplanted, is excavated when Radix Angelicae Sinensis plant is withered and yellow, full root is dug out, soil is washed away.
2. a kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(3), step(5)、 Step(7)Described in farm manure be according to mass ratio 20 ~ 25 by cow dung, sheep manure, pluck leftover bits and pieces, maize straw:10~ 15:4~7:After 50 ~ 60 mixing, it is made after abundant fermentation maturity.
3. a kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(5)Operate institute in a Contain vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, dimension life in the B B-complex stated Plain D.
4. a kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(5)Operate institute in a Every mu of applied amount is 50 ~ 60kg every time for the special nutrient fluid stated.
5. a kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(5)Operate institute in b The ultrasonication selection stated is proceeded by between daily morning 4.00 ~ 5.00.
6. a kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(6)Described in It is 2 ~ 6 DEG C that the temperature in cellar for storing things is controlled during storage, and relative humidity control is 60 ~ 65%.
CN201710284940.1A 2017-04-27 2017-04-27 A kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis Pending CN107155553A (en)

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CN107493919A (en) * 2017-09-26 2017-12-22 界首市从生种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods for improving Radix Angelicae Sinensis yield
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Application publication date: 20170915