CN106576721A - High-yield eggplant planting method - Google Patents

High-yield eggplant planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106576721A
CN106576721A CN201610992590.XA CN201610992590A CN106576721A CN 106576721 A CN106576721 A CN 106576721A CN 201610992590 A CN201610992590 A CN 201610992590A CN 106576721 A CN106576721 A CN 106576721A
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China
Prior art keywords
plant
soil
field
eggplant
seed
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CN201610992590.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐怀荣
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Fengtai County Pastoral Agriculture Development Co Ltd
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Fengtai County Pastoral Agriculture Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610992590.XA priority Critical patent/CN106576721A/en
Publication of CN106576721A publication Critical patent/CN106576721A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The invention provides a high-yield eggplant planting method. Through the technologies including fine seed selection, scientific seed pretreatment, strong seedling cultivation, reasonable close planting, scientific fertilizer and water management, scientific disease and pest control, timely harvesting and the like, the effects of high yield and high quality are achieved. By planting eggplants through the method, diseases or insect attacks hardly happen, the yield is high, and the yield per mu can reach 5000 kg; and meanwhile, the quality of the eggplants is good, pesticide residues hardly exist, and the eggplants are green and harmless food.

Description

A kind of Fructus Solani melongenae high-yield planting method
Technical field
The present invention relates to proportion of crop planting field, and in particular to a kind of Fructus Solani melongenae high-yield planting method.
Background technology
Fructus Solani melongenae is delicious, and nutritive value is enriched, and deep to be liked by consumers in general, market prospect is boundless.Lift eggplant Son is that people all know, not only delicious and cheap, nutritious, and has good preventive effect to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease.With The continuous improvement of China's living standard of urban and rural population level and the change of diet structure, demand of the people to the nuisanceless Fructus Solani melongenae product of high-quality Amount increasingly increases, and market demand is also increasing, therefore is badly in need of solution in improving the quality and yield referred to as Fructus Solani melongenae production of Fructus Solani melongenae Focal issue certainly.
The content of the invention
The invention provides a kind of Fructus Solani melongenae high-yield planting method, the implantation methods of the present invention, yield height, Fructus Solani melongenae quality better.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of Fructus Solani melongenae high-yield planting method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1), kind selection
The kind for selecting suitable local weather, best in quality, premunition strong, marketable, such as Nanjing purple long eggplant, Bai Yitian Make;
(2), begin sowing in good time, nurturing staff
A, sowing time are divided into early spring plantation and summer autumn planting is planted, early spring plantation:The seeding and seedling raising time is December, and Second Year 2 is below the moon Ten days is colonized, and starts harvesting by the end of April;Summer autumn planting is planted:May seeding and seedling raising, June field planting, the harvesting of 8-September;Eggplant seed mass of 1000 kernel 4-5 grams, using 15-20 gram of sowing quantity of typically every mu of culturing and transplanting seedlings;
B, nurturing staff:
Preparing seedbed:Irrigation and drainage should be selected convenient, loosing soil is fertile, front not plant solanaceous crops as Oryza sativa L. or the first three years The field for choosing stand-by is carried out ploughing deeply processs as seedbed by field, and the depth ploughed deeply is 25-30cm, is waited to plough deeply and is completed once Afterwards, then it is added thereto to base manure, the addition of base manure is 2000-2500kg/ mus, after base manure is added, then field soil is ploughed deeply Process, plough deeply depth and reach 30-40cm, after the completion for the treatment of secondary ploughing deeply, 1 kilogram is made into 1200 times of liquid sprays with 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate After earth's surface, then the mixture of vermiculite power and quick lime is added in soil, per mu adds vermiculite power to be 100-150kg, calculogenesis Grey 10-15kg, then carry out it is secondary plough deeply, vermiculite power and quick lime are mixed homogeneously with soil horizon, then field are carried out at whole furrow Reason, a height of 25-35cm of furrow, furrow spacing 30-40cm, a width of 1.5-2.5m of furrow, and scaffolding process is carried out to furrow using bracing frame, Covered rearing with plastic film is adopted on support, seedbed is obtained, it is stand-by;
Pretreatment seed:Seed is put into into microwave equipment microwave treatment 15-20s first, is taken out and is being soaked seed 15- with 0.1% potassium permanganate 20 minutes, pick up and rinsed well with clear water, the seed rinsed well is placed in 28-32 DEG C of warm water and continues immersion 6-8 hours, Clean the mucus on kind of skin, with dry wet towel or bind up with gauze be placed on 25-30 DEG C it is dark where accelerating germination, until have 60% left Sow by during seed " the splitting mouth " on the right side;
Seeding and seedling raising:The preprocessed seed for having split mouth is seeded in seedbed, when winter, two season of spring are sowed, temperature is relatively low, Lid thin film is cold-proof;When summer, two season of autumn are sowed, temperature is higher, and sunshade net to be used or rice straw mulching are lowered the temperature, and after seed is sprouted, clips The thin film for covering above and Caulis et Folium Oryzae, play light music 2-3h daily, watered every 2-3 days once, after eggplant Seedling is survived, often The urea water of mass concentration 0.1-0.2% was sprayed every 10 days, every mu of amount of urea, treats seedling length to 15-20 centimetre by 0.5 kilogram Height, when having 5-6 piece true leaves by be transplanted to Field planting;
(3), site preparation field planting
Fertile soil is selected, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the front field that solanaceous crops were not planted as Oryza sativa L. or the first three years, 1 before transplanting The moon carries out ploughing deeply process by stand-by field is chosen, and the depth ploughed deeply is 25-30cm, is exposed to the sun one week, after soil shines in vain, then to Composite organic-inorganic fertilizer is applied wherein, mu is applied composite organic-inorganic fertilizer 1800-2200kg, after fertilising is added, then field soil carried out Process is ploughed deeply, depth is ploughed deeply and is reached 40-50cm, after the completion for the treatment of secondary ploughing deeply, 1 kilogram is made into 1200 times with 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate After liquid is sprayed on earth's surface, then vermiculite power and quick lime are added in soil, per mu adds vermiculite power to be 150-200kg, quick lime 50- 80kg, then carry out it is secondary plough deeply, vermiculite power and quick lime are mixed homogeneously with soil horizon, then whole furrow process, furrow are carried out to field A height of 25-35cm, furrow spacing 30-40cm, a width of 1.7-1.9m of furrow, duplicate rows plant, 4 5-50 centimetre of spacing in the rows, and 1400 plants of mu plant is left The right side, single file are planted, 1.3 meters of the wide bag ditch of furrow, 45 centimetres of spacing in the rows, and mu plants 1000 plants or so, and foot field planting water is drenched after field planting, and seedling survives Stop afterwards watering, promote root system to prick deeply;
(4), field management
A, rich water quality management:Appropriate fertilizer of taking root is applied at the seedling replanting land for growing field crops initial stage, every mu of amount of application is 1-2kg, the field planting of eggplant Seedling Shallow middle weeding being carried out within 5-16 days 1 afterwards, once carry seed manure with reference to thin the applying of soil dressing, mu applies thin night soil 400-500kg, The side shoot of below root eggplant after plant root eggplant bears fruit, is extractd, in order to avoid branch and leaf are excessive, nutrient is consumed, this period plant is not yet sealed row, enters Weeding, ridging in row depth, heavy dressing are once topdressed, and mu applies 50 kilograms of compound potassium sulfate fertilizer, and plant strain growth enters middle and late stage, daily Play light music 2-3h, often receive 2 fruits should impose disposable fertilizer, 0 kilogram of Mu Shi compound fertilizer 15-2, while can spray golden potassium friend, The foliage fertilizer such as IDALL's receipts or 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, Fructus Solani melongenae growth early stage water requirement are few, the favourable bud differentiation of appropriate arid, Fruit-setting rate is improved, after root eggplant occupies stably fruit, the moisture that plant strain growth needs gradually increases, and should keep ground moistening, appropriate irrigation and drainage;
B, plant arrange:A () extracts the side shoot of below root eggplant, in order to avoid branch and leaf are excessive, consume nutrient;(b) priming leaf:Priming leaf can lead to Wind printing opacity, reduces effective consumption of the bottom old leaf to nutrient substance, plant Feng Hanghou, in time sick leaf, old leaf, yellow leaf and overstocked Leaf pluck;(c) beta pruning:Fructus Solani melongenae is double wooden fork branch crops, general double dry trainings, i.e., to more than eggplant staying two branches, per is stayed One eggplant, per layer is stayed two eggplants, per grade of side shoot for sending Fructus Solani melongenae grow to one it is medium-sized when stay 2-3 piece leaf pinching;(d) fruit thinning:And When hypogenetic young fruit, malformed fruit and disease fruit are plucked;
(5), the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is carried out according to a conventional method, or sprays biological medicine fertilizer, 2-3 time weekly;
(6), harvest
Plant field planting starts harvesting for 48-55 days, and fruit harvesting suitable time to be seen the banding ring of sepal and fruit connecting place, banding When ring is not obvious, represent that fruit growth is slow, you can harvesting.
Described Fructus Solani melongenae high-yield planting method, it is characterised in that:Step(4)Described group of the fertilizer by following weight portion of taking root Raw material mixed preparing is divided to form:Carbamide 240-260, potassium nitrate 300-400, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 200-240, fulvic acid 8-10, nitre Sour ammonium 5-8, EDTA chelated iron 3-5, EDTA chelated zinc 1-4, EDTA chelated magnesium 0.1-0.3, boric acid 3-6, shitosan 2-4, indole Potassium butyrate 0.02-0.04, diethyl aminoethyl hexanoate 0.01-0.02, compound sodium nitrophenolate 0.002-0.004, zinc thiazole 1-2, Bravo 1-2, Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss Powder 1-2, water 1000, are obtained by mixing.
Described Fructus Solani melongenae high-yield planting method, it is characterised in that:Described composite organic-inorganic fertilizer is obtained by following method:
A, agricultural crop straw 80-90, animal wastes 40-50, maize cob meal 10-15, vinegar 5-10, fen liquid are weighed by weight 10-13, Glycine max (L.) Merr. 5-8, EM biological bacteria 0.5-2, microbe leaven 1-2, amino acid/11-2, humic acidss 1-2, biphosphate Potassium 4-6, carbamide 3-4;
B, first by crops stalk crushing into length 5-6cm, then mix with rest materials and mix wet, be deposited in retting in fermentation vat More than 20 days, need to turn over during compost to macerate 2-3 time, you can.
Beneficial effects of the present invention
1st, seed is first adopted before seed soaking the present invention microwave treatment, is then soaked seed in homemade seed soaking agent is put into, at microwave Reason, have activated the vigor of seed cell, effectively shortens seed soaking time, while the effective ingredient in seed soaking agent is easier by seed Absorb, during such presprouting of seeds, it is easier to germinate, the pest and disease damage of seedling is few, growth is fast;Light music is played during nursery, can be with Promote growth of seedling, the diseases and insect pests resistance of gained nursery is strong, and transplanting survival rate is high;
2nd, the composite organic-inorganic fertilizer used by the present invention is self-control, and the raw material sources of processing fertilizer are extensive, specific of Jing Ferment process, it is nutritious, it is with low cost, it is more nutritious than conventional fertilizer, easily absorbed by Fructus Solani melongenae, promote growth obvious, disease Worm public hazards are few, nuisanceless, play raising yield reduction fertilizer cost, improve the effect of business efficiency;
3rd, during nursery and transplant plant strain growth enter two stages of middle and late stage, daily all adhere to play light music 2.5h, Ke Yiyou Effect promotes plant strain growth, strengthens the ability of plant disease and insect resistance, so as to reduce the amount of application of pesticide, the Fructus Solani melongenae for being grown, and agriculture Anode scrap is few, quality better;
In a word, the inventive method plantation Fructus Solani melongenae, pest and disease damage are few, and yield is high, can reach 5000kg per per mu yield, while Fructus Solani melongenae Quality better, agriculture are residual few, are green non-pollution food.
Specific embodiment
A kind of Fructus Solani melongenae high-yield planting method, comprises the following steps:
(1), kind selection
The kind for selecting suitable local weather, best in quality, premunition strong, marketable, such as Nanjing purple long eggplant, Bai Yitian Make;
(2), begin sowing in good time, nurturing staff
A, sowing time are divided into early spring plantation and summer autumn planting is planted, early spring plantation:The seeding and seedling raising time is December, and Second Year 2 is below the moon Ten days is colonized, and starts harvesting by the end of April;Summer autumn planting is planted:May seeding and seedling raising, June field planting, the harvesting of 8-September;Eggplant seed mass of 1000 kernel 4-5 grams, using 15-20 gram of sowing quantity of typically every mu of culturing and transplanting seedlings;
B, nurturing staff:
Preparing seedbed:Irrigation and drainage should be selected convenient, loosing soil is fertile, front not plant solanaceous crops as Oryza sativa L. or the first three years The field for choosing stand-by is carried out ploughing deeply processs as seedbed by field, and the depth ploughed deeply is 25-30cm, is waited to plough deeply and is completed once Afterwards, then it is added thereto to base manure, the addition of base manure is 2000-2500kg/ mus, after base manure is added, then field soil is ploughed deeply Process, plough deeply depth and reach 30-40cm, after the completion for the treatment of secondary ploughing deeply, 1 kilogram is made into 1200 times of liquid sprays with 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate After earth's surface, then the mixture of vermiculite power and quick lime is added in soil, per mu adds vermiculite power to be 100-150kg, calculogenesis Grey 10-15kg, then carry out it is secondary plough deeply, vermiculite power and quick lime are mixed homogeneously with soil horizon, then field are carried out at whole furrow Reason, a height of 25-35cm of furrow, furrow spacing 30-40cm, a width of 1.5-2.5m of furrow, and scaffolding process is carried out to furrow using bracing frame, Covered rearing with plastic film is adopted on support, seedbed is obtained, it is stand-by;
Pretreatment seed:Seed is put into into microwave equipment microwave treatment 15-20s first, is taken out and is being soaked seed 15- with 0.1% potassium permanganate 20 minutes, pick up and rinsed well with clear water, the seed rinsed well is placed in 28-32 DEG C of warm water and continues immersion 6-8 hours, Clean the mucus on kind of skin, with dry wet towel or bind up with gauze be placed on 25-30 DEG C it is dark where accelerating germination, until have 60% left Sow by during seed " the splitting mouth " on the right side;
Seeding and seedling raising:The preprocessed seed for having split mouth is seeded in seedbed, when winter, two season of spring are sowed, temperature is relatively low, Lid thin film is cold-proof;When summer, two season of autumn are sowed, temperature is higher, and sunshade net to be used or rice straw mulching are lowered the temperature, and after seed is sprouted, clips The thin film for covering above and Caulis et Folium Oryzae, play light music 2-3h daily, watered every 2-3 days once, after eggplant Seedling is survived, often The urea water of mass concentration 0.1-0.2% was sprayed every 10 days, every mu of amount of urea, treats seedling length to 15-20 centimetre by 0.5 kilogram Height, when having 5-6 piece true leaves by be transplanted to Field planting;
(3), site preparation field planting
Fertile soil is selected, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the front field that solanaceous crops were not planted as Oryza sativa L. or the first three years, 1 before transplanting The moon carries out ploughing deeply process by stand-by field is chosen, and the depth ploughed deeply is 25-30cm, is exposed to the sun one week, after soil shines in vain, then to Composite organic-inorganic fertilizer is applied wherein, mu is applied composite organic-inorganic fertilizer 1800-2200kg, after fertilising is added, then field soil carried out Process is ploughed deeply, depth is ploughed deeply and is reached 40-50cm, after the completion for the treatment of secondary ploughing deeply, 1 kilogram is made into 1200 times with 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate After liquid is sprayed on earth's surface, then vermiculite power and quick lime are added in soil, per mu adds vermiculite power to be 150-200kg, quick lime 50- 80kg, then carry out it is secondary plough deeply, vermiculite power and quick lime are mixed homogeneously with soil horizon, then whole furrow process, furrow are carried out to field A height of 25-35cm, furrow spacing 30-40cm, a width of 1.7-1.9m of furrow, duplicate rows plant, 4 5-50 centimetre of spacing in the rows, and 1400 plants of mu plant is left The right side, single file are planted, 1.3 meters of the wide bag ditch of furrow, 45 centimetres of spacing in the rows, and mu plants 1000 plants or so, and foot field planting water is drenched after field planting, and seedling survives Stop afterwards watering, promote root system to prick deeply;
(4), field management
A, rich water quality management:Appropriate fertilizer of taking root is applied at the seedling replanting land for growing field crops initial stage, every mu of amount of application is 1-2kg, the field planting of eggplant Seedling Shallow middle weeding being carried out within 5-16 days 1 afterwards, once carry seed manure with reference to thin the applying of soil dressing, mu applies thin night soil 400-500kg, The side shoot of below root eggplant after plant root eggplant bears fruit, is extractd, in order to avoid branch and leaf are excessive, nutrient is consumed, this period plant is not yet sealed row, enters Weeding, ridging in row depth, heavy dressing are once topdressed, and mu applies 50 kilograms of compound potassium sulfate fertilizer, and plant strain growth enters middle and late stage, daily Play light music 2.5h, often receive 2 fruits should impose disposable fertilizer, 0 kilogram of Mu Shi compound fertilizer 15-2, while can spray golden potassium friend, The foliage fertilizer such as IDALL's receipts or 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, Fructus Solani melongenae growth early stage water requirement are few, the favourable bud differentiation of appropriate arid, Fruit-setting rate is improved, after root eggplant occupies stably fruit, the moisture that plant strain growth needs gradually increases, and should keep ground moistening, appropriate irrigation and drainage;
B, plant arrange:A () extracts the side shoot of below root eggplant, in order to avoid branch and leaf are excessive, consume nutrient;(b) priming leaf:Priming leaf can lead to Wind printing opacity, reduces effective consumption of the bottom old leaf to nutrient substance, plant Feng Hanghou, in time sick leaf, old leaf, yellow leaf and overstocked Leaf pluck;(c) beta pruning:Fructus Solani melongenae is double wooden fork branch crops, general double dry trainings, i.e., to more than eggplant staying two branches, per is stayed One eggplant, per layer is stayed two eggplants, per grade of side shoot for sending Fructus Solani melongenae grow to one it is medium-sized when stay 2-3 piece leaf pinching;(d) fruit thinning:And When hypogenetic young fruit, malformed fruit and disease fruit are plucked;
(5), the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is carried out according to a conventional method, or sprays biological medicine fertilizer, 2-3 time weekly;
(6), harvest
Plant field planting starts harvesting for 48-55 days, and fruit harvesting suitable time to be seen the banding ring of sepal and fruit connecting place, banding When ring is not obvious, represent that fruit growth is slow, you can harvesting.
Wherein, step(4)The fertilizer of taking root used is by following weight(kg)Component raw material mixed preparing form:Carbamide 250, Potassium nitrate 350, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 220, fulvic acid 9, ammonium nitrate 6, EDTA chelated irons 4, EDTA chelated zinc 3, EDTA chelated magnesiums 0.2nd, boric acid 5, shitosan 3, butyric acid potassium 0.03, diethyl aminoethyl hexanoate 0.015, compound sodium nitrophenolate 0.003, zinc thiazole 1.5, Bravo 1.5th, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis powder 1.5, water 1000.
Composite organic-inorganic fertilizer is obtained by following method:
A, by weight(kg)Weigh agricultural crop straw 85, animal wastes 45, maize cob meal 13, vinegar 8, fen liquid 12, Glycine max (L.) Merr. 7th, EM biological bacteria 1.2, microbe leaven 1.5, amino acid/11 .5, humic acidss 1.5, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 5, carbamide 3;
B, first by crops stalk crushing into length 5-6cm, then mix with rest materials and mix wet, be deposited in retting in fermentation vat More than 20 days, need to turn over during compost to macerate 2-3 time, you can.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of Fructus Solani melongenae high-yield planting method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1), kind selection
The kind for selecting suitable local weather, best in quality, premunition strong, marketable, such as Nanjing purple long eggplant, Bai Yitian Make;
(2), begin sowing in good time, nurturing staff
A, sowing time are divided into early spring plantation and summer autumn planting is planted, early spring plantation:The seeding and seedling raising time is December, and Second Year 2 is below the moon Ten days is colonized, and starts harvesting by the end of April;Summer autumn planting is planted:May seeding and seedling raising, June field planting, the harvesting of 8-September;Eggplant seed mass of 1000 kernel 4-5 grams, using 15-20 gram of sowing quantity of typically every mu of culturing and transplanting seedlings;
B, nurturing staff:
Preparing seedbed:Irrigation and drainage should be selected convenient, loosing soil is fertile, front not plant solanaceous crops as Oryza sativa L. or the first three years The field for choosing stand-by is carried out ploughing deeply processs as seedbed by field, and the depth ploughed deeply is 25-30cm, is waited to plough deeply and is completed once Afterwards, then it is added thereto to base manure, the addition of base manure is 2000-2500kg/ mus, after base manure is added, then field soil is ploughed deeply Process, plough deeply depth and reach 30-40cm, after the completion for the treatment of secondary ploughing deeply, 1 kilogram is made into 1200 times of liquid sprays with 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate After earth's surface, then the mixture of vermiculite power and quick lime is added in soil, per mu adds vermiculite power to be 100-150kg, calculogenesis Grey 10-15kg, then carry out it is secondary plough deeply, vermiculite power and quick lime are mixed homogeneously with soil horizon, then field are carried out at whole furrow Reason, a height of 25-35cm of furrow, furrow spacing 30-40cm, a width of 1.5-2.5m of furrow, and scaffolding process is carried out to furrow using bracing frame, Covered rearing with plastic film is adopted on support, seedbed is obtained, it is stand-by;
Pretreatment seed:Seed is put into into microwave equipment microwave treatment 15-20s first, is taken out and is being soaked seed 15- with 0.1% potassium permanganate 20 minutes, pick up and rinsed well with clear water, the seed rinsed well is placed in 28-32 DEG C of warm water and continues immersion 6-8 hours, Clean the mucus on kind of skin, with dry wet towel or bind up with gauze be placed on 25-30 DEG C it is dark where accelerating germination, until have 60% left Sow by during seed " the splitting mouth " on the right side;
Seeding and seedling raising:The preprocessed seed for having split mouth is seeded in seedbed, when winter, two season of spring are sowed, temperature is relatively low, Lid thin film is cold-proof;When summer, two season of autumn are sowed, temperature is higher, and sunshade net to be used or rice straw mulching are lowered the temperature, and after seed is sprouted, clips The thin film for covering above and Caulis et Folium Oryzae, play light music 2-3h daily, watered every 2-3 days once, after eggplant Seedling is survived, often The urea water of mass concentration 0.1-0.2% was sprayed every 10 days, every mu of amount of urea, treats seedling length to 15-20 centimetre by 0.5 kilogram Height, when having 5-6 piece true leaves by be transplanted to Field planting;
(3), site preparation field planting
Fertile soil is selected, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the front field that solanaceous crops were not planted as Oryza sativa L. or the first three years, 1 before transplanting The moon carries out ploughing deeply process by stand-by field is chosen, and the depth ploughed deeply is 25-30cm, is exposed to the sun one week, after soil shines in vain, then to Composite organic-inorganic fertilizer is applied wherein, mu is applied composite organic-inorganic fertilizer 1800-2200kg, after fertilising is added, then field soil carried out Process is ploughed deeply, depth is ploughed deeply and is reached 40-50cm, after the completion for the treatment of secondary ploughing deeply, 1 kilogram is made into 1200 times with 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate After liquid is sprayed on earth's surface, then vermiculite power and quick lime are added in soil, per mu adds vermiculite power to be 150-200kg, quick lime 50- 80kg, then carry out it is secondary plough deeply, vermiculite power and quick lime are mixed homogeneously with soil horizon, then whole furrow process, furrow are carried out to field A height of 25-35cm, furrow spacing 30-40cm, a width of 1.7-1.9m of furrow, duplicate rows plant, 4 5-50 centimetre of spacing in the rows, and 1400 plants of mu plant is left The right side, single file are planted, 1.3 meters of the wide bag ditch of furrow, 45 centimetres of spacing in the rows, and mu plants 1000 plants or so, and foot field planting water is drenched after field planting, and seedling survives Stop afterwards watering, promote root system to prick deeply;
(4), field management
A, rich water quality management:Appropriate fertilizer of taking root is applied at the seedling replanting land for growing field crops initial stage, every mu of amount of application is 1-2kg, the field planting of eggplant Seedling Shallow middle weeding being carried out within 5-16 days 1 afterwards, once carry seed manure with reference to thin the applying of soil dressing, mu applies thin night soil 400-500kg, The side shoot of below root eggplant after plant root eggplant bears fruit, is extractd, in order to avoid branch and leaf are excessive, nutrient is consumed, this period plant is not yet sealed row, enters Weeding, ridging in row depth, heavy dressing are once topdressed, and mu applies 50 kilograms of compound potassium sulfate fertilizer, and plant strain growth enters middle and late stage, daily Play light music 2-3h, often receive 2 fruits should impose disposable fertilizer, 0 kilogram of Mu Shi compound fertilizer 15-2, while can spray golden potassium friend, The foliage fertilizer such as IDALL's receipts or 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, Fructus Solani melongenae growth early stage water requirement are few, the favourable bud differentiation of appropriate arid, Fruit-setting rate is improved, after root eggplant occupies stably fruit, the moisture that plant strain growth needs gradually increases, and should keep ground moistening, appropriate irrigation and drainage;
B, plant arrange:A () extracts the side shoot of below root eggplant, in order to avoid branch and leaf are excessive, consume nutrient;(b) priming leaf:Priming leaf can lead to Wind printing opacity, reduces effective consumption of the bottom old leaf to nutrient substance, plant Feng Hanghou, in time sick leaf, old leaf, yellow leaf and overstocked Leaf pluck;(c) beta pruning:Fructus Solani melongenae is double wooden fork branch crops, general double dry trainings, i.e., to more than eggplant staying two branches, per is stayed One eggplant, per layer is stayed two eggplants, per grade of side shoot for sending Fructus Solani melongenae grow to one it is medium-sized when stay 2-3 piece leaf pinching;(d) fruit thinning:And When hypogenetic young fruit, malformed fruit and disease fruit are plucked;
(5), the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is carried out according to a conventional method, or sprays biological medicine fertilizer, 2-3 time weekly;
(6), harvest
Plant field planting starts harvesting for 48-55 days, and fruit harvesting suitable time to be seen the banding ring of sepal and fruit connecting place, banding When ring is not obvious, represent that fruit growth is slow, you can harvesting.
2. Fructus Solani melongenae high-yield planting method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step(4)Described taking root is fertile by under The component raw material mixed preparing of row weight portion is formed:Carbamide 240-260, potassium nitrate 300-400, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 200-240, Huang Rotten acid 8-10, ammonium nitrate 5-8, EDTA chelated iron 3-5, EDTA chelated zinc 1-4, EDTA chelated magnesium 0.1-0.3, boric acid 3-6, shell Polysaccharide 2-4, butyric acid potassium 0.02-0.04, diethyl aminoethyl hexanoate 0.01-0.02, compound sodium nitrophenolate 0.002-0.004, zinc thiazole 1-2, hundred The clear 1-2 of bacterium, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis powder 1-2, water 1000, are obtained by mixing.
3. Fructus Solani melongenae high-yield planting method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described composite organic-inorganic fertilizer is by under Row method is obtained:
A, agricultural crop straw 80-90, animal wastes 40-50, maize cob meal 10-15, vinegar 5-10, fen liquid are weighed by weight 10-13, Glycine max (L.) Merr. 5-8, EM biological bacteria 0.5-2, microbe leaven 1-2, amino acid/11-2, humic acidss 1-2, biphosphate Potassium 4-6, carbamide 3-4;
B, first by crops stalk crushing into length 5-6cm, then mix with rest materials and mix wet, be deposited in retting in fermentation vat More than 20 days, need to turn over during compost to macerate 2-3 time, you can.
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CN107018789A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-08-08 明光市裕阳农业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cucumber
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CN109496719A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-03-22 浏阳市杨阁湾生态农场 A kind of eggplant implantation methods
CN110140608A (en) * 2019-06-18 2019-08-20 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 A kind of cultural method that roselle yields two crops a year
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