CN107409977A - A kind of method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing - Google Patents

A kind of method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107409977A
CN107409977A CN201710113830.9A CN201710113830A CN107409977A CN 107409977 A CN107409977 A CN 107409977A CN 201710113830 A CN201710113830 A CN 201710113830A CN 107409977 A CN107409977 A CN 107409977A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
cuttage
fertilizer
root
culture
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710113830.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐庆乐
罗墩
陈婉霞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hechi Lekang Ecological Agricultural Science & Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hechi Lekang Ecological Agricultural Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hechi Lekang Ecological Agricultural Science & Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Hechi Lekang Ecological Agricultural Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710113830.9A priority Critical patent/CN107409977A/en
Publication of CN107409977A publication Critical patent/CN107409977A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N37/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most two bonds to halogen, e.g. carboxylic acids
    • A01N37/10Aromatic or araliphatic carboxylic acids, or thio analogues thereof; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/04Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom
    • A01N43/06Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom five-membered rings
    • A01N43/12Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom five-membered rings condensed with a carbocyclic ring
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/04Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom
    • A01N43/14Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom six-membered rings
    • A01N43/16Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom six-membered rings with oxygen as the ring hetero atom
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/34Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
    • A01N43/36Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings
    • A01N43/38Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings condensed with carbocyclic rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C1/00Ammonium nitrate fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/90Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity for affecting the nitrification of ammonium compounds or urea in the soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/23Wood, e.g. wood chips or sawdust

Abstract

The invention belongs to agricultural plantation technology field, discloses a kind of method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing, includes the selection and processing of cuttage branch;Cuttage;Vernalization and culture of rootage:After cuttage seeding cuttage 7 10 days, vernalization is carried out to fringe bar using germinator, foliar fertilizer is sprayed after young sprout, young leaves expansion, promotes photosynthesis, hestening rooting, urge root culture until obtain root system up to 8 12cm and take root number be 10 20 when can obtain Chinese Fir Seedling;Acclimatization and transplantses:By obtained China fir transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, it is 60% to keep air humidity, and temperature is 28 DEG C, and acclimatization and transplantses can go out garden after 60 90 days.Cuttage and seedling culture method of the present invention is easily understood, and survival rate is high, nursery stock health and keeps growing way homogeneous, can be managed collectively also can unified sale, increase economic benefit.

Description

A kind of method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural plantation technology field, more particularly to a kind of method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing.
Background technology
China fir is Taxodiaceae Cunninghamia aiphyllium, also known as thorn China fir, and growth is fast, can become a useful person within general 8~15 years.China fir is distributed Extensively, throughout China whole subtropical zone within the border, cultural area is up to 16 provinces (autonomous region), to the east of Zhejiang, Fujian, west to cloud South, Sichuan Basin's edge and peaceful river region, south to Guangdong middle part and the Guangxi middle and south, north to Qinling Mountains southern foot.China fir material is wide It is general to be applied to building, furniture, utensil, shipbuilding etc..Using modern science and technology tissue culture, accelerate the seed selection of excellent Chinese fir kind And cultivation technique innovation.
The content of the invention
For it is above-mentioned positioned the problem of, goal of the invention of the invention is to provide a kind of side of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing Method, cuttage and seedling culture method of the present invention are easily understood, and survival rate is high, and nursery stock is healthy and keeps growing way homogeneous, can be managed collectively and also can Unified sale, increase economic benefit.
In order to realize foregoing invention purpose, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing, include the selection and processing, cuttage, vernalization and training of taking root of cuttage branch Support, acclimatization and transplantses;
(1) selection and processing of cuttage branch, specifically includes following processing:
1. select maternal plant good, and without pest and disease damage, the branch of semi-lignified;
2. the branch chosen is chipped away from Chinese fir root-bark base portion with knife, inclined-plane trimming then is carried out to the bottom of branch, Then the beveled ends trimmed are diluted into 500-800 times with bacterium spirit solution or Mancozeb to soak 8-10 minutes, used after taking-up Clear water rinses, and it is stand-by to obtain cuttage branch;
3. adding sugar in ABT takes root the solution that powder content is 1-5mg/L, stirring and dissolving, it is subsequently added into foregoing mixing and swashs Plain solution, it is subsequently added into acid loess and stirs into slurry of taking root, will take root slurry natural cooling after high-temperature sterilization 18-25 minutes, It is stand-by;
Wherein, sugared addition accounts for the 2% of solution weight, and the addition of hormotone solution accounts for the 1% of solution weight;
Wherein, hormotone solution is heteroauxin, gibberellin, methyl α-naphthyl acetate according to 10-15:2-3:3-5 weight is than mixed Close what configuration obtained;
(2) cuttage:After being handled by step (1), the centre of the matrix in container for plant growth hold successfully aperture for 3-5 centimetres, Depth is 3-5 centimetres of matrix cuttage cave, and the central axis in the matrix cuttage cave is horizontal by 35 ° -45 °, by cuttage The beveled ends cuttage that branch point dips in slurry of taking root enters matrix cuttage cave, then fills up cave using river sand, then root water of drenching;
(3) vernalization and culture of rootage:After cuttage seeding cuttage 7-10 days, vernalization is carried out to fringe bar using germinator, treated Foliar fertilizer is sprayed after young sprout, young leaves expansion, promotes photosynthesis, hestening rooting, urges root culture until obtaining root system is up to 8- 12cm and Chinese Fir Seedling is can obtain when number of taking root is 10-20 bars;
(4) acclimatization and transplantses:By obtained China fir transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, it is 60% to keep air humidity, and temperature is 28 DEG C, acclimatization and transplantses can go out garden after 60-90 days.
In the present invention, further illustrate, the container for plant growth is wide opening cup;The wide opening cup is bottomless penetrating shape;Institute Stating the cup of wide opening cup includes at least two layers, and outermost layer is film, innermost layer is brown paper.
In the present invention, further illustrate, the matrix in the step (2) is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight 's:Slow release fertilizer particle 3-5 parts, activation selenium mineral powder 5-10 parts, middle sand 5-10 parts, plant ash 3-5 parts, peat soil 3-8 parts, silkworm faeces 10-18 parts, rice bran 3-8 parts, sawdust 3-5 parts, mushroom mud 3-5 parts, expanded chicken manure 3-5 parts;
In the present invention, further illustrate, the slow release fertilizer particle is made up of following raw material:Fertilizer effectively into Divide 10-25 parts, auxiliary material 5-10 parts, binding agent 5-8 parts;
The effective fertilizer composition is made up of following raw material:Trace element, urea, ammonium nitrate, cock skin meat, pig testis, sand Sugar, cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, piemarker, daghestan sweet clover, lolium temulentum and cellulase;
Include boron fertilizer 0.5-3 parts, cobalt fertilizer 0.5-3 parts, zinc fertilizer 0.5-3 parts, copper fertilizer 0.5-3 parts, molydbenum fertilizer in parts by weight 0.5-3 parts, manganese fertilizer 0.5-3 parts, iron fertilizer 0.5-3 parts;
The auxiliary material includes thiophosphoryl triamide and the carboxylic acid amides of 1- methylpyrazoles -1;
The binding agent is phenolic resin, cyanoacrylate-acetylation hydroxypropyl cellulose, sodium alginate oligosaccharide and first At least two in base cellulose.
In the present invention, further illustrate, the slow release fertilizer particle is prepared by following method:
A, it is 65% to crush cock skin meat, pig testis and holding humidity is mixed with granulated sugar, fermentation process 5-8 days, obtains albumen Fermentate;
B, cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, piemarker, daghestan sweet clover and lolium temulentum are crushed to particle diameter 1-2cm, then with fibre Tie up plain enzyme to mix, fermentation process 2-3 days, obtain fiber fermentation thing;
C, protein fermentation thing, fiber fermentation thing and trace element, urea, ammonium nitrate are mixed to get effective fertilizer composition;
D, thiophosphoryl triamide, the carboxylic acid amides of 1- methylpyrazoles -1 and effective fertilizer composition are mixed to get first composition fertilizer Material;
E, first composition fertilizer is sprayed into aqueous solution stirring moistening to be defined to not water outlet is held, is then placed in what is constantly rotated In packing machine, then by after binding agent and water dissolving, equably sprayed into by the nozzle on packing machine, until it is 2- to obtain particle diameter 3mm granular fertilizer, processing is then dried, packs and gets product.
In the present invention, further illustrate, step 3. in, the high-temperature sterilization be temperature be 90-100 DEG C under the conditions of Carry out disinfection.
In the present invention, further illustrate, the activation selenium mineral powder is specifically what is be prepared by following methods:Choose selenium The selenium slag in mining area is put into broth bouillon, Shaking culture 3 hours at 38 DEG C, then bacterium night progress plate streak is being sought Support and cultivated on culture medium, the condition of culture is that temperature is 37 DEG C, 5-6 hours, then chooses growing way and dimmed bacterium is presented Fall and be configured to bacterium solution, it is stand-by;By selenium content 250-300mg/kg selenium mineral powder is broken, ball milling, 100 mesh sieves are crossed, is then added to and treats In bacterium solution, Shaking culture is carried out 2 hours under the conditions of being 38 DEG C in temperature, you can obtain activating selenium mineral powder.
In the present invention, further illustrate, the expanded chicken manure is specifically what is be prepared by following methods:Chicken manure is built It is 50 DEG C of spontaneous fermentation 5-8 hours that heap, which keeps internal temperature, and chicken manure then is opened into natural cooling, is then heated in boiler Thermal cracking 2-3S at 800-900 DEG C, you can obtain expanded chicken manure.
The cutting medium of the present invention is according to cuttage seeding development, and the active ingredient in composition greatly improves, wherein, it is organic Matter 6%~8.2%, nitrogen 11%~13%, phosphoric acid 0.59%~0.85%, potassium oxide 2.8%~4.7%, ammonium nitrogen 354~ 395ppm, nitrate nitrogen, 25~37ppm, 98~109ppm of rapid available phosphorus, 320~406ppm of available potassium, wherein, plant ash, peat Soil, silkworm faeces, rice bran, sawdust, mushroom mud, expanded chicken manure contain a large amount of organic matters and fibrous matter;Silkworm faeces, expanded chicken manure, sugarcane Silkworm faeces also has substantial amounts of carbon, nitrogen, P elements;Activating selenium mineral powder has more active selenium element, is easily planted Thing absorbs, and selenium mineral powder can not only provide selenium element or a friendly processing mode for opening up discarded selenium slag, give up The selenium slag abandoned often is not used to extract selenium element, cost is too high, but selenium slag is huddled and left about because its selenium content is relatively low Can not directly it be utilized to plant, only few plant can just be grown on selenium slag and can not make full use of on selenium slag Selenium element.Selenium mineral powder is activated by the application, using discarded selenium slag as culture substratess, activates selenium mineral powder, not only Energy utilizes discarded selenium mineral powder, moreover it is possible to the culture substratess made by discarded selenium mineral powder, for activating selenium mineral powder, one action two .Slow release fertilizer particle, the slow release fertilizer particle for handling to obtain by the application formula and method parcel, not only nutrient content Height, slow Releasing nutrient is also reached and has fully been absorbed by cuttage seeding, first, by promoting growth of cuttage seedlings to go out root, not only Need exciting for nutrient and hormone, it is also necessary to a ventilative matrix environment, middle sand, plant ash, expanded chicken manure, activation selenium mineral powder Addition one ventilative environment can be provided, more conducively China fir cuttage seeding is taken root, and is required supplementation with after then taking root substantial amounts of Nutrient, plant ash, peat soil, silkworm faeces, rice bran, sawdust, mushroom mud, expanded chicken manure can provide nutriment, with culture when Between passage, root system extension increases, while slow release fertilizer particle, by Releasing nutrient, slow release fertilizer particle prepared by the application is different In all fertilizer is wrapped up in the core using lapping, but by binding agent even application a thin layer binding agent by fertilizer Bond good and slow release fertilizer particle is prepared, the time of its sustained release release fertility using lapping not as being wrapped up Long, the time of sustained release release fertility conforms exactly to the time of the nutrition utilized needed for cuttage seeding, and cuttage seeding also can just absorb foot Enough nutrients, promote root growth, and the well developed root system of cuttage seeding can improve the survival rate of cuttage seeding.
Slow release fertilizer particle in the present invention can be utilized the material in the internal organ of animal, there is provided necessary to swash Element, weeds and agricultural waste material are obtained rich in a large amount of carbon sources, cellulose, chemical organic compounds and dissociated by cellulase fermentations The ion of state, it can be utilized by the Root Absorption of cuttage seeding, trace element is the required nutrient raw material of plant growth, urine Element, ammonium nitrate suppress urea activity, energy as nitrogen source, the auxiliary material (thiophosphoryl triamide and the carboxylic acid amides of 1- methylpyrazoles -1) of addition The generation of ammonia is enough reduced, nitrogenous fertilizer will avoid the occurrence of the nitre state ammonia of high concentration and appearance with nitrite nitrogen, improve utilization rate of nitrogen fertilizer, Promote nitrogenous fertilizer to exist in the form of ammonium nitrogen, reduce the time of nitrate nitrogen and nitrite nitrogen form supply crop;Alleviate work Thing seedling stage is poisoned, and the ability of pest and disease damage is resisted in enhancing;Particle diameter 2-3 millimeters are prepared in the surface of binding agent even application fertilizer Slow release fertilizer particle, have can humidity be 65% under conditions of start within 20-22 days discharge fertility.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1) cuttage and seedling culture method of the present invention is easily understood, and survival rate is high, and nursery stock is healthy and keeps growing way homogeneous, can be unified Management also can unified sale, increase economic benefit.
(2) cuttage and seedling culture of the invention uses container for plant growth to carry out nursery, can directly connect after nursery success Band container for plant growth is buried field planting in the lump, and material is buried in soil and is decomposed afterwards, and bottomless design does not hinder seedling growth, treats the stem of nursery stock Container for plant growth is decomposed after dry cross growth, and continued growth in firm field planting and is had container for plant growth to exist by plant, cuttage seeding Root system is forced down to grow so that the viability increase after cuttage seeding field planting, the yield of ginseng will greatly improve.
(3) processing of the cuttage seeding of the application is will to carry out inclined-plane processing to cuttage seeding, is first disinfected using solution, so Afterwards will
Root-inducing powder with sugar first mix, there is provided more capability facfors, hormotone solution can excite in cuttage seeding constitution because Son, enzymatic activity, callus activity are additional to stir into slurry of taking root with addition of acid loess so as to promote the long root of cuttage seeding, there is provided One good pH environment and nutrient environment, cuttage seeding is promoted quickly to grow.
Embodiment
In order that the technical means, the inventive features, the objects and the advantages of the present invention are easy to understand, tie below Embodiment is closed, the present invention is expanded on further.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, It is not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
First, prepared by raw material:
1. slow release fertilizer particle is made up of following raw material:1 part of trace element, 1 part of urea, 1 part of ammonium nitrate, cock skin 0.5 part of meat, 0.5 part of pig testis, 1.5 parts of granulated sugar, 0.5 part of cocoanut tree skin, 0.5 part of banyan deadwood, 0.5 part of lotus bar, piemarker 0.5 Part, 0.5 part of daghestan sweet clover, 0.5 part of lolium temulentum and 1.5 parts of cellulase
2.5 parts of thiophosphoryl triamide, 2.5 parts of -1 carboxylic acid amides of 1- methylpyrazoles, 2 parts of phenolic resin, 3 parts of cyanogen;
Wherein, trace element includes 1 part of boron fertilizer, 0.5 part of cobalt fertilizer, 1 part of zinc fertilizer, 1 part of copper fertilizer, 0.5 part of molydbenum fertilizer, manganese fertilizer 0.5 Part, 0.5 part of iron fertilizer;
The raw material of said ratio is applied to the following method for preparing slow release fertilizer particle, specifically included:
A, it is 65% to crush cock skin meat, pig testis and holding humidity is mixed with granulated sugar, fermentation process 5 days, obtains albumen hair Ferment thing;
B, cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, piemarker, daghestan sweet clover and lolium temulentum are crushed to particle diameter 1cm, then with fiber Plain enzyme mixes, and fermentation process 2 days, obtains fiber fermentation thing;
C, protein fermentation thing, fiber fermentation thing and trace element, urea, ammonium nitrate are mixed to get effective fertilizer composition;
D, thiophosphoryl triamide, the carboxylic acid amides of 1- methylpyrazoles -1 and effective fertilizer composition are mixed to get first composition fertilizer Material;
E, first composition fertilizer is sprayed into aqueous solution stirring moistening to be defined to not water outlet is held, is then placed in what is constantly rotated In packing machine, then by after binding agent and water dissolving, equably sprayed into by the nozzle on packing machine, until it is 2mm to obtain particle diameter Granular fertilizer, processing is then dried, packs and gets product.
2. matrix is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight:3 parts of slow release fertilizer particle, activation 5 parts of selenium mineral powder, in 5 parts of sand, 3 parts of plant ash, 3 parts of peat soil, 10 parts of silkworm faeces, 3 parts of rice bran, 3 parts of sawdust, 3 parts of mushroom mud, 3 parts of expanded chicken manure;
Wherein, it is specifically what is be prepared by following methods to activate selenium mineral powder:The selenium slag for choosing selenium mining area is put into meat soup In culture medium, Shaking culture 3 hours at 38 DEG C, then bacterium night progress plate streak is cultivated on nutrient medium, The condition of culture is that temperature is 37 DEG C, 5 hours, then chooses the dimmed bacterium colony of growing way presentation and is configured to bacterium solution, stand-by;It will contain Selenium amount 250mg/kg selenium mineral powder is broken, ball milling, crosses 100 mesh sieves, is then added in stand-by bacterium solution, is 38 DEG C of conditions in temperature Lower progress Shaking culture 2 hours, you can obtain activating selenium mineral powder.
Wherein, expanded chicken manure is specifically what is be prepared by following methods:It is 50 DEG C that chicken manure, which is built heap to keep internal temperature, Spontaneous fermentation 5 hours, then opens natural cooling by chicken manure, and thermal cracking 2S at 800 DEG C is then heated in boiler, you can To expanded chicken manure.
2nd, matrix obtained above is applied on following method for culturing seedlings.
Selection and processing, cuttage, vernalization and culture of rootage, acclimatization and transplantses including cuttage branch;
(1) selection and processing of cuttage branch, specifically includes following processing:
1. select maternal plant good, and without pest and disease damage, the branch of semi-lignified;
2. the branch chosen is chipped away from Chinese fir root-bark base portion with knife, inclined-plane trimming then is carried out to the bottom of branch, Then the beveled ends trimmed are diluted into 500 times with bacterium spirit solution or Mancozeb to soak 8 minutes, rushed after taking-up with clear water Wash, it is stand-by to obtain cuttage branch;
3. adding sugar in ABT takes root the solution that powder content is 1mg/L, stirring and dissolving, foregoing hormotone is subsequently added into Solution, it is subsequently added into acid loess and stirs into slurry of taking root, will takes root slurry natural cooling after high-temperature sterilization 18 minutes, stand-by;
Wherein, sugared addition accounts for the 2% of solution weight, and the addition of hormotone solution accounts for the 1% of solution weight;
Wherein, hormotone solution is heteroauxin, gibberellin, methyl α-naphthyl acetate according to 10:2:3 weight obtains than mixed configuration Arrive;
(2) cuttage:After being handled by step (1), the centre of the matrix in container for plant growth holds aperture successfully as 3 centimetres, depth The matrix cuttage cave for 3 centimetres is spent, the central axis in the matrix cuttage cave dips in cuttage branch point horizontal by 35 ° The beveled ends cuttage of slurry of taking root enters matrix cuttage cave, then fills up cave using river sand, then root water of drenching;
(3) vernalization and culture of rootage:After cuttage seeding cuttage 7 days, vernalization is carried out to fringe bar using germinator, treated new Foliar fertilizer is sprayed after the tip, young leaves expansion, promotes photosynthesis, hestening rooting, urges root culture until obtaining root system is up to 8cm and life Radical can obtain Chinese Fir Seedling when being 10;
(4) acclimatization and transplantses:By obtained China fir transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, it is 60% to keep air humidity, and temperature is 28 DEG C, acclimatization and transplantses can go out garden after 90 days.
Embodiment 2:
First, prepared by raw material:
1. slow release fertilizer particle is made up of following raw material:5 parts of trace element, 4 parts of urea, 3 parts of ammonium nitrate, cock skin 2 parts of meat, 2 parts of pig testis, 0.5 part of granulated sugar, 1 part of cocoanut tree skin, 1 part of banyan deadwood, 2 parts of lotus bar, 1 part of piemarker, 1 part of daghestan sweet clover, 1.5 parts of 1 part of lolium temulentum and cellulase
5 parts of thiophosphoryl triamide, 5 parts of -1 carboxylic acid amides of 1- methylpyrazoles, 2 parts of phenolic resin, cyanoacrylate-acetylation 2 parts of 2 parts of hydroxypropyl cellulose, 2 parts of sodium alginate oligosaccharide and methylcellulose;
Wherein, trace element includes 2 parts of boron fertilizer, 3 parts of cobalt fertilizer, 3 parts of zinc fertilizer, 3 parts of copper fertilizer, 3 parts of molydbenum fertilizer, 3 parts of manganese fertilizer, iron fertilizer 3 parts;
The raw material of said ratio is applied to the following method for preparing slow release fertilizer particle, specifically included:
A, it is 65% to crush cock skin meat, pig testis and holding humidity is mixed with granulated sugar, fermentation process 6 days, obtains albumen hair Ferment thing;
B, cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, piemarker, daghestan sweet clover and lolium temulentum are crushed to particle diameter 1.5cm, then with fibre Tie up plain enzyme to mix, fermentation process 3 days, obtain fiber fermentation thing;
C, protein fermentation thing, fiber fermentation thing and trace element, urea, ammonium nitrate are mixed to get effective fertilizer composition;
D, thiophosphoryl triamide, the carboxylic acid amides of 1- methylpyrazoles -1 and effective fertilizer composition are mixed to get first composition fertilizer Material;
E, first composition fertilizer is sprayed into aqueous solution stirring moistening to be defined to not water outlet is held, is then placed in what is constantly rotated In packing machine, then by after binding agent and water dissolving, equably sprayed into by the nozzle on packing machine, until it is 3mm to obtain particle diameter Granular fertilizer, processing is then dried, packs and gets product.
2. matrix is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight:5 parts of slow release fertilizer particle, activation 10 parts of selenium mineral powder, Middle 10 parts of sand, 5 parts of plant ash, 8 parts of peat soil, 18 parts of silkworm faeces, 8 parts of rice bran, 5 parts of sawdust, 5 parts of mushroom mud, 5 parts of expanded chicken manure;
Wherein, it is specifically what is be prepared by following methods to activate selenium mineral powder:The selenium slag for choosing selenium mining area is put into meat soup In culture medium, Shaking culture 3 hours at 38 DEG C, then bacterium night progress plate streak is cultivated on nutrient medium, The condition of culture is that temperature is 37 DEG C, 6 hours, then chooses the dimmed bacterium colony of growing way presentation and is configured to bacterium solution, stand-by;It will contain Selenium amount 300mg/kg selenium mineral powder is broken, ball milling, crosses 100 mesh sieves, is then added in stand-by bacterium solution, is 38 DEG C of conditions in temperature Lower progress Shaking culture 2 hours, you can obtain activating selenium mineral powder.
Wherein, expanded chicken manure is specifically what is be prepared by following methods:It is 50 DEG C that chicken manure, which is built heap to keep internal temperature, Spontaneous fermentation 8 hours, then opens natural cooling by chicken manure, and thermal cracking 3S at 900 DEG C is then heated in boiler, you can To expanded chicken manure.
2nd, matrix obtained above is applied on following method for culturing seedlings.
Selection and processing, cuttage, vernalization and culture of rootage, acclimatization and transplantses including cuttage branch;
(1) selection and processing of cuttage branch, specifically includes following processing:
1. select maternal plant good, and without pest and disease damage, the branch of semi-lignified;
2. the branch chosen is chipped away from Chinese fir root-bark base portion with knife, inclined-plane trimming then is carried out to the bottom of branch, Then the beveled ends trimmed are diluted into 800 times with bacterium spirit solution or Mancozeb to soak 10 minutes, rushed after taking-up with clear water Wash, it is stand-by to obtain cuttage branch;
3. adding sugar in ABT takes root the solution that powder content is 5mg/L, stirring and dissolving, foregoing hormotone is subsequently added into Solution, it is subsequently added into acid loess and stirs into slurry of taking root, will takes root slurry natural cooling after high-temperature sterilization 25 minutes, stand-by;
Wherein, sugared addition accounts for the 2% of solution weight, and the addition of hormotone solution accounts for the 1% of solution weight;
Wherein, hormotone solution is heteroauxin, gibberellin, methyl α-naphthyl acetate according to 15:3:5 weight obtains than mixed configuration Arrive;
(2) cuttage:After being handled by step (1), the centre of the matrix in container for plant growth holds aperture successfully as 5 centimetres, depth The matrix cuttage cave for 5 centimetres is spent, the central axis in the matrix cuttage cave dips in cuttage branch point horizontal by 45 ° The beveled ends cuttage of slurry of taking root enters matrix cuttage cave, then fills up cave using river sand, then root water of drenching;
(3) vernalization and culture of rootage:After cuttage seeding cuttage 10 days, vernalization is carried out to fringe bar using germinator, treated new Spray foliar fertilizer after the tip, young leaves expansion, promote photosynthesis, hestening rooting, urge root culture until obtain root system up to 12cm and Take root when number is 20 and can obtain Chinese Fir Seedling;
(4) acclimatization and transplantses:By obtained China fir transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, it is 60% to keep air humidity, and temperature is 28 DEG C, acclimatization and transplantses can go out garden after 60 days.
Embodiment 3:
First, prepared by raw material:
1. slow release fertilizer particle is made up of following raw material:3 parts of trace element, 2 parts of urea, 2 parts of ammonium nitrate, cock skin 1.5 parts of meat, 1.5 parts of pig testis, 1 part of granulated sugar, 1 part of cocoanut tree skin, 1.5 parts of banyan deadwood, 1 part of lotus bar, 1.5 parts of piemarker, vegetation 1.5 parts of 1 part of sweet-scented osmanthus, 1 part of lolium temulentum and cellulase
4 parts of thiophosphoryl triamide, 5 parts of -1 carboxylic acid amides of 1- methylpyrazoles, cyanoacrylate-acetylation hydroxypropyl cellulose 2 parts of 2 parts, 2 parts of sodium alginate oligosaccharide and methylcellulose;
Wherein, trace element includes 0.5 part of boron fertilizer, 1 part of cobalt fertilizer, 0.5 part of zinc fertilizer, 0.5 part of copper fertilizer, 0.5 part of molydbenum fertilizer, manganese fertilizer 1 part, 1 part of iron fertilizer;
The raw material of said ratio is applied to the following method for preparing slow release fertilizer particle, specifically included:
A, it is 65% to crush cock skin meat, pig testis and holding humidity is mixed with granulated sugar, fermentation process 6 days, obtains albumen hair Ferment thing;
B, cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, piemarker, daghestan sweet clover and lolium temulentum are crushed to particle diameter 1cm, then with fiber Plain enzyme mixes, and fermentation process 3 days, obtains fiber fermentation thing;
C, protein fermentation thing, fiber fermentation thing and trace element, urea, ammonium nitrate are mixed to get effective fertilizer composition;
D, thiophosphoryl triamide, the carboxylic acid amides of 1- methylpyrazoles -1 and effective fertilizer composition are mixed to get first composition fertilizer Material;
E, first composition fertilizer is sprayed into aqueous solution stirring moistening to be defined to not water outlet is held, is then placed in what is constantly rotated In packing machine, then by after binding agent and water dissolving, equably sprayed into by the nozzle on packing machine, until it is 3mm to obtain particle diameter Granular fertilizer, processing is then dried, packs and gets product.
2. matrix is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight:4 parts of slow release fertilizer particle, activation 6 parts of selenium mineral powder, in 7 parts of sand, 4 parts of plant ash, 5 parts of peat soil, 14 parts of silkworm faeces, 6 parts of rice bran, 4 parts of sawdust, 4 parts of mushroom mud, 4 parts of expanded chicken manure;
Wherein, it is specifically what is be prepared by following methods to activate selenium mineral powder:The selenium slag for choosing selenium mining area is put into meat soup In culture medium, Shaking culture 3 hours at 38 DEG C, then bacterium night progress plate streak is cultivated on nutrient medium, The condition of culture is that temperature is 37 DEG C, 5.5 hours, then chooses the dimmed bacterium colony of growing way presentation and is configured to bacterium solution, stand-by;Will Selenium content 265mg/kg selenium mineral powder is broken, ball milling, crosses 100 mesh sieves, is then added in stand-by bacterium solution, is 38 DEG C of bars in temperature Shaking culture is carried out under part 2 hours, you can obtain activating selenium mineral powder.
Wherein, expanded chicken manure is specifically what is be prepared by following methods:It is 50 DEG C that chicken manure, which is built heap to keep internal temperature, Spontaneous fermentation 7 hours, then opens natural cooling by chicken manure, and thermal cracking 2S at 850 DEG C is then heated in boiler, you can To expanded chicken manure.
2nd, matrix obtained above is applied on following method for culturing seedlings.
Selection and processing, cuttage, vernalization and culture of rootage, acclimatization and transplantses including cuttage branch;
(1) selection and processing of cuttage branch, specifically includes following processing:
1. select maternal plant good, and without pest and disease damage, the branch of semi-lignified;
2. the branch chosen is chipped away from Chinese fir root-bark base portion with knife, inclined-plane trimming then is carried out to the bottom of branch, Then the beveled ends trimmed are diluted into 600 times with bacterium spirit solution or Mancozeb to soak 9 minutes, rushed after taking-up with clear water Wash, it is stand-by to obtain cuttage branch;
3. adding sugar in ABT takes root the solution that powder content is 2mg/L, stirring and dissolving, foregoing hormotone is subsequently added into Solution, it is subsequently added into acid loess and stirs into slurry of taking root, will takes root slurry natural cooling after high-temperature sterilization 20 minutes, stand-by;
Wherein, sugared addition accounts for the 2% of solution weight, and the addition of hormotone solution accounts for the 1% of solution weight;
Wherein, hormotone solution is heteroauxin, gibberellin, methyl α-naphthyl acetate according to 11:2:4 weight obtains than mixed configuration Arrive;
(2) cuttage:After being handled by step (1), the centre of the matrix in container for plant growth holds aperture successfully as 4 centimetres, depth The matrix cuttage cave for 4 centimetres is spent, the central axis in the matrix cuttage cave dips in cuttage branch point horizontal by 40 ° The beveled ends cuttage of slurry of taking root enters matrix cuttage cave, then fills up cave using river sand, then root water of drenching;
(3) vernalization and culture of rootage:After cuttage seeding cuttage 8 days, vernalization is carried out to fringe bar using germinator, treated new Spray foliar fertilizer after the tip, young leaves expansion, promote photosynthesis, hestening rooting, urge root culture until obtain root system up to 10cm and Take root when number is 15 and can obtain Chinese Fir Seedling;
(4) acclimatization and transplantses:By obtained China fir transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, it is 60% to keep air humidity, and temperature is 28 DEG C, acclimatization and transplantses can go out garden after 80 days.
Embodiment 4:
First, prepared by raw material:
1. slow release fertilizer particle is made up of following raw material:3 parts of trace element, 4 parts of urea, 4 parts of ammonium nitrate, cock skin 1 part of meat, 0.5 part of pig testis, 1.5 parts of granulated sugar, 1 part of cocoanut tree skin, 0.5 part of banyan deadwood, 0.5 part of lotus bar, 1 part of piemarker, vegetation 1.5 parts of 0.5 part of sweet-scented osmanthus, 1 part of lolium temulentum and cellulase
3 parts of thiophosphoryl triamide, 4 parts of -1 carboxylic acid amides of 1- methylpyrazoles, 3 parts of phenolic resin, 2 parts of sodium alginate oligosaccharide and first 2 parts of base cellulose;
Wherein, trace element includes 2 parts of boron fertilizer, 2 parts of cobalt fertilizer, 2 parts of zinc fertilizer, 2 parts of copper fertilizer, 2 parts of molydbenum fertilizer, 2 parts of manganese fertilizer, iron fertilizer 2 parts;
The raw material of said ratio is applied to the following method for preparing slow release fertilizer particle, specifically included:
A, it is 65% to crush cock skin meat, pig testis and holding humidity is mixed with granulated sugar, fermentation process 7 days, obtains albumen hair Ferment thing;
B, cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, piemarker, daghestan sweet clover and lolium temulentum are crushed to particle diameter 1.5cm, then with fibre Tie up plain enzyme to mix, fermentation process 2 days, obtain fiber fermentation thing;
C, protein fermentation thing, fiber fermentation thing and trace element, urea, ammonium nitrate are mixed to get effective fertilizer composition;
D, thiophosphoryl triamide, the carboxylic acid amides of 1- methylpyrazoles -1 and effective fertilizer composition are mixed to get first composition fertilizer Material;
E, first composition fertilizer is sprayed into aqueous solution stirring moistening to be defined to not water outlet is held, is then placed in what is constantly rotated In packing machine, then by after binding agent and water dissolving, equably sprayed into by the nozzle on packing machine, until it is 3mm to obtain particle diameter Granular fertilizer, processing is then dried, packs and gets product.
2. matrix is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight:4 parts of slow release fertilizer particle, activation 9 parts of selenium mineral powder, in 8 parts of sand, 4 parts of plant ash, 7 parts of peat soil, 17 parts of silkworm faeces, 6 parts of rice bran, 4 parts of sawdust, 4 parts of mushroom mud, 4 parts of expanded chicken manure;
Wherein, it is specifically what is be prepared by following methods to activate selenium mineral powder:The selenium slag for choosing selenium mining area is put into meat soup In culture medium, Shaking culture 3 hours at 38 DEG C, then bacterium night progress plate streak is cultivated on nutrient medium, The condition of culture is that temperature is 37 DEG C, 6 hours, then chooses the dimmed bacterium colony of growing way presentation and is configured to bacterium solution, stand-by;It will contain Selenium amount 280mg/kg selenium mineral powder is broken, ball milling, crosses 100 mesh sieves, is then added in stand-by bacterium solution, is 38 DEG C of conditions in temperature Lower progress Shaking culture 2 hours, you can obtain activating selenium mineral powder.
Wherein, expanded chicken manure is specifically what is be prepared by following methods:It is 50 DEG C that chicken manure, which is built heap to keep internal temperature, Spontaneous fermentation 6 hours, then opens natural cooling by chicken manure, and thermal cracking 3S at 880 DEG C is then heated in boiler, you can To expanded chicken manure.
2nd, matrix obtained above is applied on following method for culturing seedlings.
Selection and processing, cuttage, vernalization and culture of rootage, acclimatization and transplantses including cuttage branch;
(1) selection and processing of cuttage branch, specifically includes following processing:
1. select maternal plant good, and without pest and disease damage, the branch of semi-lignified;
2. the branch chosen is chipped away from Chinese fir root-bark base portion with knife, inclined-plane trimming then is carried out to the bottom of branch, Then the beveled ends trimmed are diluted into 700 times with bacterium spirit solution or Mancozeb to soak 8 minutes, rushed after taking-up with clear water Wash, it is stand-by to obtain cuttage branch;
3. adding sugar in ABT takes root the solution that powder content is 4mg/L, stirring and dissolving, foregoing hormotone is subsequently added into Solution, it is subsequently added into acid loess and stirs into slurry of taking root, will takes root slurry natural cooling after high-temperature sterilization 22 minutes, stand-by;
Wherein, sugared addition accounts for the 2% of solution weight, and the addition of hormotone solution accounts for the 1% of solution weight;
Wherein, hormotone solution is heteroauxin, gibberellin, methyl α-naphthyl acetate according to 13:3:4 weight obtains than mixed configuration Arrive;
(2) cuttage:After being handled by step (1), the centre of the matrix in container for plant growth holds aperture successfully as 4 centimetres, depth The matrix cuttage cave for 3 centimetres is spent, the central axis in the matrix cuttage cave dips in cuttage branch point horizontal by 38 ° The beveled ends cuttage of slurry of taking root enters matrix cuttage cave, then fills up cave using river sand, then root water of drenching;
(3) vernalization and culture of rootage:After cuttage seeding cuttage 9 days, vernalization is carried out to fringe bar using germinator, treated new Spray foliar fertilizer after the tip, young leaves expansion, promote photosynthesis, hestening rooting, urge root culture until obtain root system up to 11cm and Take root when number is 18 and can obtain Chinese Fir Seedling;
(4) acclimatization and transplantses:By obtained China fir transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, it is 60% to keep air humidity, and temperature is 28 DEG C, acclimatization and transplantses can go out garden after 75 days.
Comparative example 1:
Do not use the matrix of the application to be cultivated, but use the charcoal of Shuyang County Xinhe River town little Mo flower plants and nursery stocks field Block peat soil nutrient matrix is cultivated, and other processing are same as Example 3.
Comparative example 2:
The slurry of taking root of the application is not used, but is directly configured to take root slurry to China fir skewer using root-inducing powder+yellow mud Seedlings plugging inclined-plane is handled, and other processing are same as Example 3.
Comparative example 3:
Nursery is carried out using container for plant growth, the nursery directly on seedling culture frame, other processing are same as Example 3.
Embodiment 1-4 and comparative example 1-3 is subjected to experimental plot cultivation on rivers and ponds Dahua County greenhouse farm, and to growing feelings Condition is recorded, and records particular situation such as following table:
Table 1
From above-mentioned data, the cuttage seeding for planting to obtain by the application matrix and method is suitable for the ring of growth Border, survival rate is higher, and can unify growing way by being unified in progress nursery in container for plant growth, prevents uneven show As influenceing to sell.
In the environment of the slow release fertilizer particle that embodiment 1-4 is obtained is placed on into certain humidity, slow release fertilizer particle is retrieved Start the time of dissolving release fertility
Each three groups of embodiment point, is humidity 50%, humidity 65%, humidity 75% respectively per three moist gradients of component Detected, testing result is shown in Table 2:
Table 2
As shown in Table 2, the time that the slow release fertilizer particle that prepared by the application discharges fertilizer under certain condition is different, can be with Caused according to different demand conditions by ambient humidity, obtain the time of required fertility to match with plant growth.
The invention is not limited in foregoing embodiment.The present invention, which expands to, any in this manual to be disclosed New feature or any new combination, and disclose any new method or process the step of or any new combination.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing, it is characterised in that:Selection including cuttage branch and processing, cuttage, urge Bud and culture of rootage, acclimatization and transplantses;
    (1) selection and processing of cuttage branch, specifically includes following processing:
    1. select maternal plant good, and without pest and disease damage, the branch of semi-lignified;
    2. the branch chosen is chipped away from Chinese fir root-bark base portion with knife, inclined-plane trimming then is carried out to the bottom of branch, then The beveled ends trimmed are diluted into 500-800 times with bacterium spirit solution or Mancozeb to soak 8-10 minutes, clear water is used after taking-up Rinse, it is stand-by to obtain cuttage branch;
    3. adding sugar in ABT takes root the solution that powder content is 1-5mg/L, stirring and dissolving, it is molten to be subsequently added into foregoing hormotone Liquid, it is subsequently added into acid loess and stirs into slurry of taking root, will takes root slurry natural cooling after high-temperature sterilization 18-25 minutes, stand-by;
    Wherein, sugared addition accounts for the 2% of solution weight, and the addition of hormotone solution accounts for the 1% of solution weight;
    Wherein, hormotone solution is heteroauxin, gibberellin, methyl α-naphthyl acetate according to 10-15:2-3:3-5 weight is matched somebody with somebody than mixing Put what is obtained;
    (2) cuttage:After being handled by step (1), it is 3-5 centimetres, depth that the centre of the matrix in container for plant growth, which holds aperture successfully, For 3-5 centimetres of matrix cuttage cave, the central axis in the matrix cuttage cave is horizontal by 35 ° -45 °, by cuttage branch The beveled ends cuttage that point dips in slurry of taking root enters matrix cuttage cave, then fills up cave using river sand, then root water of drenching;
    (3) vernalization and culture of rootage:After cuttage seeding cuttage 7-10 days, vernalization is carried out to fringe bar using germinator, treat young sprout, Foliar fertilizer is sprayed after young leaves expansion, promotes photosynthesis, hestening rooting, urges root culture until obtaining root system is up to 8-12cm and life Radical can obtain Chinese Fir Seedling when being 10-20 bars;
    (4) acclimatization and transplantses:By obtained China fir transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, it is 60% to keep air humidity, and temperature is 28 DEG C, Acclimatization and transplantses can go out garden after 60-90 days.
  2. 2. the method for China fir cuttage fast seedling growing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the container for plant growth is wide opening Cup;The wide opening cup is bottomless penetrating shape;The cup of the wide opening cup includes at least two layers, and outermost layer is film, innermost layer is Brown paper.
  3. 3. the method for China fir cuttage fast seedling growing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the base in the step (2) Matter is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight:Slow release fertilizer particle 3-5 parts, activation selenium mineral powder 5-10 parts, middle sand 5-10 Part, plant ash 3-5 parts, peat soil 3-8 parts, silkworm faeces 10-18 parts, rice bran 3-8 parts, sawdust 3-5 parts, mushroom mud 3-5 parts, expanded chicken Excrement 3-5 parts.
  4. 4. the method for China fir cuttage fast seedling growing according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the slow release fertilizer particle by Following raw material is made:Effective fertilizer composition 10-25 parts, auxiliary material 5-10 parts, binding agent 5-8 parts;
    The effective fertilizer composition is made up of following raw material:Trace element, urea, ammonium nitrate, cock skin meat, pig testis, granulated sugar, coconut palm Bark, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, piemarker, daghestan sweet clover, lolium temulentum and cellulase;
    Include boron fertilizer 0.5-3 parts, cobalt fertilizer 0.5-3 parts, zinc fertilizer 0.5-3 parts, copper fertilizer 0.5-3 parts, molydbenum fertilizer 0.5-3 in parts by weight Part, manganese fertilizer 0.5-3 parts, iron fertilizer 0.5-3 parts;
    The auxiliary material includes thiophosphoryl triamide and the carboxylic acid amides of 1- methylpyrazoles -1;
    The binding agent is that phenolic resin, cyanoacrylate-acetylation hydroxypropyl cellulose, sodium alginate oligosaccharide and methyl are fine At least two in dimension element.
  5. 5. the method for China fir cuttage fast seedling growing according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the slow release fertilizer particle is It is prepared by following method:
    A, it is 65% to crush cock skin meat, pig testis and holding humidity is mixed with granulated sugar, fermentation process 5-8 days, obtains protein fermentation Thing;
    B, cocoanut tree skin, banyan deadwood, lotus bar, piemarker, daghestan sweet clover and lolium temulentum are crushed to particle diameter 1-2cm, then with cellulose Enzyme mixes, and fermentation process 2-3 days, obtains fiber fermentation thing;
    C, protein fermentation thing, fiber fermentation thing and trace element, urea, ammonium nitrate are mixed to get effective fertilizer composition;
    D, thiophosphoryl triamide, the carboxylic acid amides of 1- methylpyrazoles -1 and effective fertilizer composition are mixed to get first composition fertilizer;
    E, first composition fertilizer is sprayed into aqueous solution stirring moistening to be defined to not water outlet is held, is then placed in the parcel constantly rotated In machine, then by after binding agent and water dissolving, equably sprayed into by the nozzle on packing machine, until it is 2-3mm's to obtain particle diameter Granular fertilizer, processing is then dried, packs and gets product.
  6. 6. the method for China fir cuttage fast seedling growing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step 3. in, the height Temperature sterilization is carried out disinfection under the conditions of temperature is 90-100 DEG C.
  7. 7. the method for China fir cuttage fast seedling growing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the activation selenium mineral powder is specific It is prepared by following methods:The selenium slag for choosing selenium mining area is put into broth bouillon, and Shaking culture 3 is small at 38 DEG C When, then bacterium night progress plate streak is cultivated on nutrient medium, the condition of culture be temperature for 37 DEG C, 5-6 it is small When, then choose the dimmed bacterium colony of growing way presentation and be configured to bacterium solution, it is stand-by;By selenium content 250-300mg/kg selenium mineral powder Broken, ball millings, 100 mesh sieves are crossed, are then added in stand-by bacterium solution, Shaking culture is carried out 2 hours under the conditions of being 38 DEG C in temperature, It can obtain activating selenium mineral powder.
  8. 8. the method for China fir cuttage fast seedling growing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the expanded chicken manure is specifically It is prepared by following methods:It is 50 DEG C of spontaneous fermentation 5-8 hours that chicken manure, which is built heap to keep internal temperature, then turns over chicken manure Natural cooling is opened, thermal cracking 2-3S at 800-900 DEG C is then heated in boiler, you can obtain expanded chicken manure.
CN201710113830.9A 2017-02-28 2017-02-28 A kind of method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing Pending CN107409977A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710113830.9A CN107409977A (en) 2017-02-28 2017-02-28 A kind of method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710113830.9A CN107409977A (en) 2017-02-28 2017-02-28 A kind of method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107409977A true CN107409977A (en) 2017-12-01

Family

ID=60423135

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710113830.9A Pending CN107409977A (en) 2017-02-28 2017-02-28 A kind of method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107409977A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108689763A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-10-23 博白县百家水果专业合作社 A kind of blood orange selenium-rich nutritive soil and preparation method thereof
CN109006340A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-12-18 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of China fir tissue-cultured seedling transplanting medium and its preparation method
CN110436987A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-11-12 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin and its fertilizing method applied to China fir

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1745619A (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-15 仇传玲 Cultivation of Chinese yew
CN101434504A (en) * 2007-11-16 2009-05-20 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Synergistic slow release nitrogen fertilizer and preparation thereof
CN102703561A (en) * 2012-05-26 2012-10-03 彭祚全 Method for producing activated selenium mineral powder by microbial fermentation
CN105103931A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-02 河池学院 Brucea-javanica female-plant-cuttage rapid seedling growing method
CN105917936A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-09-07 浙江农林大学 Method for culturing Chinese fir cuttage container seedlings through light medium
CN106105693A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-11-16 陈国武 A kind of copper-rich Chinese yam cultivation method
CN106386364A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-02-15 贵州垄源农业开发有限公司 Broussonetia papyrifera seedling culture method
CN106416915A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-02-22 广西壮族自治区南宁良凤江国家森林公园 Crown centralization cutting seedling method for parashorea chinensis wang hsie.

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1745619A (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-15 仇传玲 Cultivation of Chinese yew
CN101434504A (en) * 2007-11-16 2009-05-20 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Synergistic slow release nitrogen fertilizer and preparation thereof
CN102703561A (en) * 2012-05-26 2012-10-03 彭祚全 Method for producing activated selenium mineral powder by microbial fermentation
CN105103931A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-02 河池学院 Brucea-javanica female-plant-cuttage rapid seedling growing method
CN105917936A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-09-07 浙江农林大学 Method for culturing Chinese fir cuttage container seedlings through light medium
CN106105693A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-11-16 陈国武 A kind of copper-rich Chinese yam cultivation method
CN106386364A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-02-15 贵州垄源农业开发有限公司 Broussonetia papyrifera seedling culture method
CN106416915A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-02-22 广西壮族自治区南宁良凤江国家森林公园 Crown centralization cutting seedling method for parashorea chinensis wang hsie.

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109006340A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-12-18 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of China fir tissue-cultured seedling transplanting medium and its preparation method
CN108689763A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-10-23 博白县百家水果专业合作社 A kind of blood orange selenium-rich nutritive soil and preparation method thereof
CN110436987A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-11-12 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin and its fertilizing method applied to China fir

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106941958A (en) A kind of method for culturing seedlings for hybridizing paper mulberry
CN107027568A (en) A kind of method of camphor tree nursery
CN105837360A (en) Special fertilizer for cultivating seedlings and preparation method thereof
CN104782463A (en) Eco-organic type soilless culture technology
CN106747916A (en) A kind of ornamental plant cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof
CN107079757A (en) A kind of method of camphor tree cuttage and seedling culture
CN108029508A (en) A kind of rape blanket special seedling substrate and preparation method thereof
CN107188716A (en) It is a kind of for Nutrition Soil of eggplant seedling raising and preparation method thereof
CN105684851A (en) Soilless rice nursery straw substrate and preparation method thereof
CN108522214A (en) A kind of Vegetable culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN105961106A (en) Method for seedling transplanting pear tree plantation
CN109566348A (en) A kind of rice covers seed seedling raising ground substance disk and preparation method and application automatically
CN106941906A (en) A kind of sweet potato sprout cultivation matrix
CN105753575A (en) Method utilizing peat to produce nutrient soil and product
CN106105999A (en) A kind of oil tea cuttage breeding method
CN102690145A (en) Multifunctional straw soilless nutrient medium and preparation process thereof
CN107409977A (en) A kind of method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing
CN109496724B (en) Efficient planting method for emilia sonchifolia
CN106916017A (en) A kind of garden seedling tree plantation compost and preparation method thereof
CN107155553A (en) A kind of high benefit planting technology of Radix Angelicae Sinensis
CN106489694A (en) A kind of Oryza sativa L. soilless breeding seeding Auricularia bacteria residue matrix substrate and preparation method
CN103238436A (en) Aperture disk transplanting provisonal planting method of original sugarcane detoxification seedlings
CN106234122A (en) A kind of oil tea high-survival rate cuttage breeding method
CN105432309A (en) High-yield planting method for purple sweet potatoes
Golada et al. Effect of FYM, nitrogen and Azospirillum on yield, economics and soil nutrient status of forage pearl millet

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20171201

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication