CN110436987A - A kind of special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin and its fertilizing method applied to China fir - Google Patents

A kind of special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin and its fertilizing method applied to China fir Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110436987A
CN110436987A CN201910570028.1A CN201910570028A CN110436987A CN 110436987 A CN110436987 A CN 110436987A CN 201910570028 A CN201910570028 A CN 201910570028A CN 110436987 A CN110436987 A CN 110436987A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
china fir
tea saponin
special fertilizer
fertilizer
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CN201910570028.1A
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Inventor
潘波
曹继钊
王会利
唐健
覃其云
邓小军
石媛媛
覃祚玉
宋贤冲
赵隽宇
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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Priority to CN201910570028.1A priority Critical patent/CN110436987A/en
Publication of CN110436987A publication Critical patent/CN110436987A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B13/00Fertilisers produced by pyrogenic processes from phosphatic materials
    • C05B13/02Fertilisers produced by pyrogenic processes from phosphatic materials from rock phosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of special fertilizers of China fir containing Tea Saponin and its fertilizing method applied to China fir, belong to forest products complex fertilizer field, this contains Tea Saponin China fir special fertilizer, as unit of parts by weight, including following raw material: 84~147 parts of N, P2O5126~225 parts, K2105~202 parts of O, 337~439 parts of organic matter, 14~27 parts of Tea Saponin, 0.07~2.4 part of water-soluble Si, 0.02~1 part of Mn, 1.05~3.19 parts of tea polyphenols, 0.17~2.33 part of benzazole guanidine-acetic acid, 0.13~4.95 part of seaweed slag, the present invention, which has, improves photosynthetic efficiency, enhance antibacterial, Resistant and drought resistance, improve P use efficiency, improve soil environment, the nutrient slowly-released multiple functions such as long-acting, the effect of overall balance adjusts nutrient distribution can also be played simultaneously, with the utilization rate for improving the special fertilizer containing Tea Saponin, improve the function of China fir mean stand height and mean DBH increment.

Description

A kind of special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin and its fertilizing method applied to China fir
Technical field
The present invention relates to belong to forest products complex fertilizer field, in particular to a kind of China fir containing Tea Saponin applied to China fir Special fertilizer and its fertilizing method.
Background technique
China fir (Cuninhamia lanceolata) belongs to Taxodiaceae (Taxodiaceae) Cunninghamia aiphyllium, is China Distinctive, famous excellent fast-growing commerical tree species, are the main reproducting tree species of each provinces and regions of south China, afforestation area and It is the first that accumulation occupies China artificial forest.China's artificial forest area accounts for the 1/4 of world's artificial forest area, and China Fir artificial forest Area accounts for the 1/4 of national artificial forest area, in Shaanxi, Henan, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Chongqing, wide The ground such as east, Guangxi, Yunnan are distributed, and cultivation history is long, and distribution area is vast, and timber yield accounts for national commodity material 20%~25%, therefore, Cunninghamia Lanceolata Plantations play a significant role the supply of China's economic development timber, in national economy It occupies an important position.
In a planned way, Cunninghamia Lanceolata Plantations are managed to adaptation to local conditions and developed, for expanding China's Forest Resources, improve life State environment provides a large amount of needle materials and forestry products, meets national economic development needs, all has own strategic significance.
For a long time, due to unreasonable Effects of Forest Management Practices, such as refining mountain and continuous cultivation China fir, with causing China fir forest land Power decline, the decline of forest output must improve soil by artificial measures of fertilizer for the management objectives for reaching fast growing The nutrients ratio of earth.
But at present it is not yet found that being used specifically for China fir, the correlation of the fertilizer for improving China fir yield and quality Report.
Summary of the invention
It can meet comprehensively needed for the Growth of Chinese Fir of Guangxi plantation technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of Nutritional ingredient, which, which has, improves photosynthetic efficiency, enhances antibacterial, Resistant and drought resistance, improves P utilization Rate improves soil, the nutrient slowly-released multiple functions such as long-acting, moreover it is possible to play the effect of overall balance adjusts nutrient distribution;Have simultaneously It is improved utilization rate of fertilizer, improves the function of China fir mean stand height and mean DBH increment.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin, as unit of parts by weight, including following raw material: 84~147 parts of N, P2O5 126~225 parts, K2105~202 parts of O, 337~439 parts of organic matter, 14~27 parts of Tea Saponin, water solubility Si 0.07~2.4 Part, 0.02~1 part of Mn, 1.05~3.19 parts of tea polyphenols, 0.17~2.33 part of benzazole guanidine-acetic acid, seaweed slag 0.13~4.95 Part.
Preferably, it is used as the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin of base manure, including following raw material: 84~147 parts of N, P2O5 126 ~210 parts, K2105~168 parts of O, 420~439 parts of organic matter, 14~20 parts of Tea Saponin, 0.07~2 part of water solubility Si, Mn 0.02~0.86 part, 1.05~2.73 parts of tea polyphenols, 0.17~1.61 part of benzazole guanidine-acetic acid, 0.13~3.07 part of seaweed slag.
Preferably, it is used as the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin of top dressing, including following raw material: 112~135 parts of N, P2O5180 ~225 parts, K2157~202 parts of O, 337~368 parts of organic matter, 19~27 parts of Tea Saponin, 0.12~2.4 part of water solubility Si, 0.2~1 part of Zn, 0.2~1.5 part of Fe, 0.2~1 part of B, 0.23~1.07 part of Cu, 0.1~1 part of Mn, tea polyphenols 1.2~ 3.19 parts, 0.28~2.33 part of benzazole guanidine-acetic acid, 0.35~4.95 part of seaweed slag.
More preferably, the N element can be by providing containing 46% or more urea of N, the P2O5It can be by containing P2O5 18% or more calcium magnesium phosphate provides, the K2O can be by containing K260% or more potassium chloride of O provides.
More preferably, the organic matter is available contains 85% or more organic matter, containing 12% or more Tea Saponin and containing tea polyphenols 15% or more tea bran provides.
More preferably, the Si element can be provided by sodium metasilicate, and the benzazole guanidine-acetic acid and seaweed slag can be by seas Algae fertilizer provides.
More preferably, the trace elements zn, Fe, B, Cu, Mn respectively by white vitriol, ferrous sulfate, borax, Cupric sulfate pentahydrate, hydrated manganese sulfate provide.
The present invention also provides a kind of method of administration of special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin applied to China fir, including following step It is rapid:
S1: the method for basal dressing: 15~30 days before transplanted seedling tree, backfill is to the 1/3 of cave in the planting pit dug When~1/2, special fertilizer is equably applied in cave by 0.13~0.41 kilogram/plant, is mixed thoroughly with soil in cave, soil is returned and tamps simultaneously Soil is set to be higher by cave face 5~10cm of edge suitable for reading;
S2: the method for spraying fertilizer: the Fertilizer on Chinese fir time carries out in 1 annual~March and 5~August part respectively, and every plant is applied It 0.13~0.3 kilogram of fertilizer amount, is excavated in the upward slope position of tree along tree crown drip be about 40~50cm in principle, deep width is respectively The arc ditch of 10~20cm, earthing compacting in time after top dressing uniformly being applied in ditch.
Preferably, planting pit described in step S1 should shift to an earlier date 30~62 days or more and dig.
Preferably, dose described in step S2 can according to fertilizer nutrient content height, the age of tree and land occupation condition etc. because Element is adjusted.
The invention has the following advantages:
(1) special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin of the invention can meet the needs of China fir is to nutrient comprehensively, and enhancing China fir is to feeding The absorption divided improves China fir yield and quality, increases bacteriostasis, the drought resistance of China fir;
(2) nitrogen fixing capacity can be enhanced, be conducive to the growth and development of China fir taken root with early stage, enhance China Fir Seedling Photosynthesis improves the mean stand height and mean DBH increment of China fir;
(3) it effectively prevents subterranean pest-insect and all kinds of germs breeds, improvement soil, the ability for improving soil water-reataining fertilizer-keeping, entirely Soil nutrient and utilization rate of fertilizer are improved in face, preserve the ecological environment, and belong to Eco-friendly fertilizer.
Specific embodiment
To facilitate a better understanding of the present invention, invention is further described in detail With reference to embodiment. It is emphasized that following the description is only exemplary, the range and its application being not intended to be limiting of the invention.
In embodiment, a kind of method of administration of the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin applied to China fir, including following step It is rapid:
S1: it the method for basal dressing: 15~30 days before transplanted seedling tree, is returned having shifted to an earlier date in the planting pit that 30~62 days have dug When banketing to the 1/3~1/2 of cave, the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin of base manure will be used as by 0.13~0.41 kilogram/plant equably It applies in cave, is mixed thoroughly with soil in cave, return soil and tamp and soil is made to be higher by cave face 5~10cm of edge suitable for reading;
The special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin for being used as base manure, including following effective component are as follows: 84~147 parts of N, P2O5 126~210 parts, K2105~168 parts of O, 420~439 parts of organic matter, 14~20 parts of Tea Saponin, water solubility Si 0.07~2 Part, 0.02~0.86 part of Mn, 1.05~2.73 parts of tea polyphenols, 0.17~1.61 part of benzazole guanidine-acetic acid, seaweed slag 0.13~ 3.07 part;
S2: the method for spraying fertilizer: the Fertilizer on Chinese fir time carries out in 1 annual~March and 5~August part respectively, and every plant is applied 0.13~0.3 kilogram of fertilizer amount, it is respectively 10 that it is wide, which to excavate long 40~50cm, depth along tree crown drip in the upward slope position of tree in principle, The arc ditch of~20cm, earthing compacting in time after the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin for being used as top dressing is uniformly applied in ditch;
The special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin for being used as top dressing, including following effective component are as follows: 112~135 parts of N, P2O5 180~225 parts, K2157~202 parts of O, 337~368 parts of organic matter, 19~27 parts of Tea Saponin, water solubility Si 0.12~2.4 Part, 0.2~1 part of Zn, 0.2~1.5 part of Fe, 0.2~1 part of B, 0.23~1.07 part of Cu, 0.1~1 part of Mn, tea polyphenols 1.2~3.19 parts, 0.28~2.33 part of benzazole guanidine-acetic acid, 0.35~4.95 part of seaweed slag.
Be used as to be used as described in the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin and step S2 of base manure described in step S1 top dressing containing tea In the raw material of saponin China fir special fertilizer:
The N element containing 46% or more urea of N by providing, the P2O5By containing P2O518% or more calcium magnesium phosphate It provides, the K2O is by containing K260% or more potassium chloride of O provides;
The organic matter by containing 85% or more organic matter, containing 12% or more Tea Saponin and containing 15% or more tea polyphenols Tea bran provides;
The Si element is provided by sodium metasilicate, and the benzazole guanidine-acetic acid and seaweed slag are provided by alga fertilizer;
The trace elements zn, Fe, B, Cu, Mn are respectively by white vitriol, ferrous sulfate, borax, five water sulfuric acid Copper, hydrated manganese sulfate provide;
Be used as described in step S1 the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin of base manure preparation method and step S2 described in chase after The preparation method of the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin of fertilizer, comprising the following steps: the above solid material is crushed, 60 meshes are crossed, It mixes, stir evenly, be granulated by steam granulation method, particle sub-sieve, metering packing, and after analysis measurement ensures quality to obtain the final product Finished product of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of method of administration of the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin applied to China fir, comprising the following steps:
S1: the method for basal dressing: 29 days before transplanted seedling tree, shifting to an earlier date in the planting pit that 58 days have dug backfill to cave 1/3 when, the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin for being used as base manure is equably applied in cave by 0.2 kilogram/plant, with soil in cave It mixes thoroughly, returns soil and tamp and soil is made to be higher by cave face edge 5cm suitable for reading;
The special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin for being used as base manure, including following effective component are as follows: 84 parts of N, P2O5126 parts, K2105 parts of O, 420 parts of organic matter, 14 parts of Tea Saponin, 0.07 part of water solubility Si, 0.02 part of Mn, 1.05 parts of tea polyphenols, benzazole 0.17 part of guanidine-acetic acid, 0.13 part of seaweed slag;
S2: the method for spraying fertilizer: the Fertilizer on Chinese fir time carries out in annual January and May respectively, every plant of dose 0.13 kilogram, in principle the upward slope position of tree excavated along tree crown drip long 40cm, it is deep it is wide be respectively 20 arc ditch, will make Earthing compacting in time after the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin of top dressing uniformly applies in ditch;
The special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin for being used as top dressing, including following effective component are as follows: 112 parts of N, P2O5 180 Part, K2157 parts of O, 337 parts of organic matter, 19 parts of Tea Saponin, 0.12 part of water solubility Si, 0.2 part of Zn, 0.2 part of Fe, B 0.2 Part, 0.23 part of Cu, 0.1 part of Mn, 1.2 parts of tea polyphenols, 0.28 part of benzazole guanidine-acetic acid, 0.35 part of seaweed slag.
Be used as to be used as described in the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin and step S2 of base manure described in step S1 top dressing containing tea In the raw material of saponin China fir special fertilizer:
The N element containing 46.5% urea of N by providing, the P2O5By containing P2O518.3% calcium magnesium phosphate provides, The K2O is by containing K262.4% potassium chloride of O provides;
The organic matter containing organic matter 85.7%, the tea bran containing Tea Saponin 12.1% and containing tea polyphenols 15.4% by mentioning For;
The Si element is provided by sodium metasilicate, and the benzazole guanidine-acetic acid and seaweed slag are provided by alga fertilizer;
The trace elements zn, Fe, B, Cu, Mn are respectively by white vitriol, ferrous sulfate, borax, five water sulfuric acid Copper, hydrated manganese sulfate provide;
Be used as described in step S1 the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin of base manure preparation method and step S2 described in chase after The preparation method of the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin of fertilizer, comprising the following steps: raw material is crushed, 60 meshes is crossed, mixes, stirs Mix uniformly, be granulated by steam granulation method, particle sub-sieve, metering packing, and after analysis measurement ensures quality up to it is of the invention at Product.
Embodiment 2
A kind of method of administration of the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin applied to China fir, comprising the following steps:
S1: the method for basal dressing: 20 days before transplanted seedling tree, shifting to an earlier date in the planting pit that 43 days have dug backfill to cave 1/3 when, special fertilizer is equably applied in cave by 0.28 kilogram/plant, is mixed thoroughly with soil in cave, soil is returned and tamps and keep soil high Cave face edge 8cm suitable for reading out;
The special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin for being used as base manure, including following effective component are as follows: 129 parts of N, P2O5 188 Part, K2156 parts of O, 383 parts of organic matter, 21 parts of Tea Saponin, 1.1 parts of water solubility Si, Mn0.51 parts, 2.36 parts of tea polyphenols, nitrogen 0.78 part of indeneacetic acid, 1.57 parts of seaweed slag;
S2: the method for spraying fertilizer: the Fertilizer on Chinese fir time carries out annual 2 months and June respectively, every plant of dose 0.2 Kilogram, in principle the upward slope position of tree excavated along tree crown drip long 45cm, it is deep it is wide be respectively 25 arc ditch, top dressing will be made Earthing compacting in time after the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin uniformly applies in ditch;
The special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin for being used as top dressing, including following effective component are as follows: 121 parts of N, P2O5 208 Part, K2182 parts of O, 352 parts of organic matter, 24 parts of Tea Saponin, 1.7 parts of water solubility Si, 0.6 part of Zn, 0.75 part of Fe, B 0.58 Part, 0.62 part of Cu, 0.8 part of Mn, 2.54 parts of tea polyphenols, 1.27 parts of benzazole guanidine-acetic acid, 3.31 parts of seaweed slag;
Be used as to be used as described in the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin and step S2 of base manure described in step S1 top dressing containing tea In the raw material of saponin China fir special fertilizer:
The N element containing 47.1% urea of N by providing, the P2O5By containing P2O518.6% calcium magnesium phosphate provides, The K2O is by containing K264.3% potassium chloride of O provides;
The organic matter containing organic matter 86.2%, the tea bran containing Tea Saponin 13.5% and containing tea polyphenols 15.8% by mentioning For;
The Si element is provided by sodium metasilicate, and the benzazole guanidine-acetic acid and seaweed slag are provided by alga fertilizer;
The trace elements zn, Fe, B, Cu, Mn are respectively by white vitriol, ferrous sulfate, borax, five water sulfuric acid Copper, hydrated manganese sulfate provide;
Be used as described in step S1 the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin of base manure preparation method and step S2 described in chase after The preparation method of the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin of fertilizer, comprising the following steps: raw material is crushed, 60 meshes is crossed, mixes, stirs Mix uniformly, be granulated by steam granulation method, particle sub-sieve, metering packing, and after analysis measurement ensures quality up to it is of the invention at Product.
Embodiment 3
A kind of method of administration of the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin applied to China fir, comprising the following steps:
S1: the method for basal dressing: 15 days before transplanted seedling tree, shifting to an earlier date in the planting pit that 31 days have dug backfill to cave 1/2 when, special fertilizer is equably applied in cave by 0.41 kilogram/plant, is mixed thoroughly with soil in cave, soil is returned and tamps and keep soil high Cave face edge 10cm suitable for reading out;
The special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin for being used as base manure, including following effective component are as follows: 147 parts of N, P2O5210 Part, K2168 parts of O, 439 parts of organic matter, 20 parts of Tea Saponin, 2 parts of water solubility Si, Mn0.86 parts, 2.73 parts of tea polyphenols, benzazole 1.61 parts of guanidine-acetic acid, 3.07 parts of seaweed slag;
S2: the method for spraying fertilizer: the Fertilizer on Chinese fir time carries out in annual March and August part respectively, every plant of dose 0.3 Kilogram, in principle the upward slope position of tree excavated along tree crown drip long 50cm, it is deep it is wide be respectively 30 arc ditch, top dressing will be made Earthing compacting in time after the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin uniformly applies in ditch;
The special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin for being used as top dressing, including following effective component are as follows: 135 parts of N, P2O5 225 Part, K2202 parts of O, 368 parts of organic matter, 27 parts of Tea Saponin, 2.4 parts of water solubility Si, 1 part of Zn, 1 part of B, 1.07 parts of Cu, Mn 1 part, 3.19 parts of tea polyphenols, 2.33 parts of benzazole guanidine-acetic acid, 4.95 parts of seaweed slag.
Be used as to be used as described in the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin and step S2 of base manure described in step S1 top dressing containing tea In the raw material of saponin China fir special fertilizer:
The N element containing 48.3% urea of N by providing, the P2O5By containing P2O519.2% calcium magnesium phosphate mentions For the K2O is by containing K265.7% potassium chloride of O provides;
The organic matter containing organic matter 86.9%, the tea bran containing Tea Saponin 14.1% and containing tea polyphenols 16.5% by mentioning For;
The Si element is provided by sodium metasilicate, and the benzazole guanidine-acetic acid and seaweed slag are provided by alga fertilizer;It is described Trace elements zn, Fe, B, Cu, Mn be respectively by white vitriol, ferrous sulfate, borax, cupric sulfate pentahydrate, hydrated manganese sulfate It provides;
Be used as described in step S1 the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin of base manure preparation method and step S2 described in chase after The preparation method of the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin of fertilizer, comprising the following steps: raw material is crushed, 60 meshes is crossed, mixes, stirs Mix uniformly, be granulated by steam granulation method, particle sub-sieve, metering packing, and after analysis measurement ensures quality up to it is of the invention at Product.
Comparative example 1
It is essentially identical with the fertilizing method of embodiment 3, it has only the difference is that preparing the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin (base manure And top dressing) raw material in lack tea polyphenols, hydrated manganese sulfate, benzazole guanidine-acetic acid, seaweed slag.
Comparative example 2
It is essentially identical with the preparation process of embodiment 3, it has only the difference is that preparing the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin (base manure And top dressing) raw material in lack tea polyphenols.
Comparative example 3
It is essentially identical with the preparation process of embodiment 3, it has only the difference is that preparing the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin (base manure And top dressing) raw material in lack hydrated manganese sulfate.
Comparative example 4
It is essentially identical with the preparation process of embodiment 3, it has only the difference is that preparing the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin (base manure And top dressing) raw material in lack benzazole guanidine-acetic acid.
Comparative example 5
It is essentially identical with the preparation process of embodiment 3, have only unlike preparation the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin (base manure with Top dressing) raw material in lack seaweed slag.
Detection method and result
The Young And Middle-aged Stands of Chinese Fir that sample prescription plants same breed is investigated for one with every 10m × 10m in certain forest farm of Wuzhou Cangwu County The fertilizing method in Examples 1 to 3 and comparative example 1~5 is respectively adopted, respectively in Examples 1 to 3 after China fir plantation 5 years in seedling A sample is adopted every 2m in the sample prescription of 1~5 fertilizing method of comparative example, each investigation sample prescription takes 5 samples, and ruler and survey are high with enclosing Instrument measures the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground of each China fir and tree height in sample prescription, takes the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground of each embodiment and comparative example and the average value of tree height measurement, The mean stand height and mean DBH increment of Examples 1 to 3 and comparative example 1~5 are compared, comparing result is as follows.
Test group Mean stand height (m) Mean DBH increment (cm)
Embodiment 1 7.32 8.61
Embodiment 2 7.49 8.75
Embodiment 3 7.63 8.94
Comparative example 1 4.35 4.58
Comparative example 2 6.79 7.81
Comparative example 3 6.93 8.06
Comparative example 4 7.18 8.33
Comparative example 5 6.71 7.65
As seen from the above table, the mean stand height of China fir obtained by the special fertilizer of (1) application embodiment 3 and mean DBH increment are than application The special fertilizer averaging of income tree of embodiment 1,2 is high and mean DBH increment is big, illustrates that embodiment 3 is optimum embodiment;
(2) by the data of embodiment 3 and comparative example 1~5 as it can be seen that tea polyphenols, hydrated manganese sulfate, benzazole guanidine-acetic acid, seaweed Slag promotes the growth and development of China fir to play synergistic effect in China fir special fertilizer of the preparation containing Tea Saponin, and collaboration improves China fir Absorption of the wood to the nutriment of special fertilizer containing Tea Saponin, improves mean stand height and mean DBH increment, this may be:
1) tea polyphenols have the effects that stronger elimination free radical, antibacterial, anti-radiation, anticancer, are a kind of ideal antioxygens Agent and bacteriostatic agent, preferable fungistatic effect can be reached by being mixed in a certain proportion with Tea Saponin, improve the work of enzyme in seaweed slag Property, can promote China fir with the microelement collective effect in fertilizer absorbs more nutrients, improves mean stand height and average chest Diameter;
2) seaweed slag rich in protein, amino acid, carbohydrate, inorganic salts, vitamin, algin and a small amount of enzyme, A variety of seaweed active matters such as plant hormone, polyphenol and polysaccharide, nutriment needed for China fir can be replenished in time, benzazole base second Acid is the hormone of a plant growth, and different according to its concentration have dual character to plant growth, is being suitable for containing for China fir Suitable benzazole guanidine-acetic acid is added in Tea Saponin special fertilizer can enhance the fertilizer efficiency of seaweed slag, promote the growth and development of China fir, make sea Algae-residue has extremely strong affinity, while the disease-resistant energy of China fir can be improved with Tea Saponin, tea polyphenols and microelement collective effect Power reduces pesticide residue, improves mean stand height and mean DBH increment;
3) manganese is one of indispensable element of plant growth, and hydrated manganese sulfate is capable of providing Mn element, with Zn, Fe, Cu, B etc. Microelement and Tea Saponin, tea polyphenols collective effect play the effect for inhibiting germ, enhance the photosynthesis of China fir, can be in nitrogen The activity that benzazole guanidine-acetic acid oxidizing ferment is improved in the oxidation reaction of indeneacetic acid, promotes the synthesis and dimension of protein in seaweed slag The formation of raw element incorporates in soil the absorption for increasing China fir root system nutriment with organic matter, promotes the growth and development of China fir, Improve mean stand height and mean DBH increment.
The above content it cannot be assumed that the present invention specific implementation be only limited to these instructions, technology belonging to the present invention is led For the those of ordinary skill in domain, under the premise of not departing from present inventive concept, a number of simple deductions or replacements can also be made, It all shall be regarded as belonging to present invention scope of patent protection determined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin applied to China fir, which is characterized in that as unit of parts by weight, including following have Imitate ingredient: 84~147 parts of N, P2O5126~225 parts, K2105~202 parts of O, 337~439 parts of organic matter, Tea Saponin 14~ 27 parts, 0.07~2.4 part of water solubility Si, 0.02~1 part of Mn, 1.05~3.19 parts of tea polyphenols, benzazole guanidine-acetic acid 0.17~ 2.33 parts, 0.13~4.95 part of seaweed slag.
2. the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: make raw material contained by the base manure used time are as follows: N 84~147 parts, P2O5126~210 parts, K2It is 105~168 parts of O, 420~439 parts of organic matter, 14~20 parts of Tea Saponin, water-soluble Property 0.07~2 part of Si, 0.02~0.86 part of Mn, 1.05~2.73 parts of tea polyphenols, 0.17~1.61 part of benzazole guanidine-acetic acid, seaweed 0.13~3.07 part of slag.
3. the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: make raw material contained by the top dressing used time are as follows: N 112~135 parts, P2O5180~225 parts, K2It is 157~202 parts of O, 337~368 parts of organic matter, 19~27 parts of Tea Saponin, water-soluble Property 0.12~2.4 part of Si, 0.2~1 part of Zn, 0.2~1.5 part of Fe, 0.2~1 part of B, 0.23~1.07 part of Cu, Mn 0.1 ~1 part, 1.2~3.19 parts of tea polyphenols, 0.28~2.33 part of benzazole guanidine-acetic acid, 0.35~4.95 part of seaweed slag.
4. the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin as described in any in claim 1,2 or 3, which is characterized in that the N element It can be by being provided containing N46% or more urea, the P2O5It can be by containing P2O5The offer of 18% or more calcium magnesium phosphate, the K2O can be by Containing K260% or more potassium chloride of O provides.
5. the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin as described in any in claim 1,2 or 3, which is characterized in that described is organic Matter can be provided by the tea bran containing 85% or more organic matter, containing 12% or more Tea Saponin and containing 15% or more tea polyphenols.
6. the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin as described in any in claim 1,2 or 3, which is characterized in that the Si member Element can be provided by sodium metasilicate, and the benzazole guanidine-acetic acid and seaweed slag can be provided by alga fertilizer.
7. the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin as described in any in claim 1,2 or 3, which is characterized in that described is micro Element Zn, Fe, B, Cu, Mn are provided by white vitriol, ferrous sulfate, borax, cupric sulfate pentahydrate, hydrated manganese sulfate respectively.
8. a kind of method of administration of the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that including following step It is rapid:
S1: the method for basal dressing: 15~30 days before transplanted seedling tree, backfill is to the 1/3~1/2 of cave in the planting pit dug When, special fertilizer is equably applied in cave by 0.13~0.41 kilogram/plant, is mixed thoroughly with soil in cave, soil is returned and tamps and make native height Cave face 5~10cm of edge suitable for reading out;
S2: the method for spraying fertilizer: the Fertilizer on Chinese fir time carries out in 1 annual~March and 5~August part respectively, every plant of dose 0.13~0.3 kilogram, the upward slope position of tree excavated along tree crown drip be about 40~50cm, it is deep it is wide be respectively 10~20cm arc Shape ditch, earthing compacting in time after top dressing uniformly being applied in ditch.
9. a kind of method of administration of the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that institute in step S1 The planting pit stated, which should shift to an earlier date 30~62 days or more, to be dug.
10. a kind of method of administration of the special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that in step S2 The dose can be adjusted according to factors such as fertilizer nutrient content height, the age of tree and land occupation conditions.
CN201910570028.1A 2019-06-27 2019-06-27 A kind of special fertilizer of China fir containing Tea Saponin and its fertilizing method applied to China fir Pending CN110436987A (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104446937A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-03-25 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Tea saponin containing special fertilizer for cunninghamia lanceolata
CN107311759A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-11-03 无为小熊生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of fertilizer additive
CN107409977A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-12-01 河池乐康生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing
CN108702888A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-10-26 南京林业大学 The modification method of lanceolata forest acid soil

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104446937A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-03-25 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Tea saponin containing special fertilizer for cunninghamia lanceolata
CN107409977A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-12-01 河池乐康生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing
CN107311759A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-11-03 无为小熊生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of fertilizer additive
CN108702888A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-10-26 南京林业大学 The modification method of lanceolata forest acid soil

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