CN106386364A - Broussonetia papyrifera seedling culture method - Google Patents

Broussonetia papyrifera seedling culture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106386364A
CN106386364A CN201610919498.0A CN201610919498A CN106386364A CN 106386364 A CN106386364 A CN 106386364A CN 201610919498 A CN201610919498 A CN 201610919498A CN 106386364 A CN106386364 A CN 106386364A
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China
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chinese medicine
broussonetia papyrifera
cuttage
raw material
sulfate
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CN201610919498.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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李光辉
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Guizhou Ridge Source Of Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Guizhou Ridge Source Of Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C11/00Other nitrogenous fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The invention relates to a seedling culture method, in particular to a broussonetia papyrifera seedling culture method. The method comprises the following steps: (1) selection of cutting woods; (2) treatment of cutting slips; (3) preparation of a foundation bed; (4) cuttage; and (5) cuttage post-management. By the steps of selection of cutting woods, treatment of cutting slips, preparation of a foundation bed, cuttage and cuttage post-management, a scientific and reasonable planting management mode is formed, so that rooting of branches can be effectively promoted, robust development of roots is facilitated, and growth of branches and roots is promoted; nutrition can be absorbed in a rooting process, so that the content of endogenous hormones in plants and the activity of important enzymes can be adjusted and controlled; and the metabolic intensity of the plants is adjusted, the survival rate is high, the pest and disease damage is low, and the growth condition of the root system is good.

Description

A kind of hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method for culturing seedlings, especially a kind of hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method.
Background technology
Hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera is that Chinese Academy of Sciences scientific and technical personnel were concentrated on studies after 10 years and verified by demonstration, in big portion of China The all plantable high-quality seeds of region-by-region, using Breeding Engine of Agriculture technology, by space treatment breeding, the means such as selection cross Cultivate Liao Zhong section 1, No. 2, No. 3 hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seeds.
Hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera be a kind of build woods, papermaking, exploitation green feed industrial crops, its leaves is a kind of poultry of high-quality Feed resource, its bark, rod are the raw materials of paper pulp, textile fabric, and hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera pushes away in whole nation major part province at present Extensive farming is planted, but does not form scale and industrialization plantation, and main cause is that hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera will not yield positive results, and breeding nursery stock is big Adopt cuttage more, but the seasonality with cuttage breeding is strong, typically all carries out cuttage between the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to Clear and Bright numerous Grow, after stiff wood rudiment, the nutrition in branch can gradually be run off, and survival rate cannot ensure, and nursery climate environment shadow Sound is larger, and nursery stage is up to one-year age, and final-period management is costly, and unreasonable due to cottage method, and does not enter The management of row science leads to seedling-slowing stage longer, and seedling percent is low, does not become the nursery system of scale.
Content of the invention
The present invention is to solve above-mentioned technical problem, there is provided a kind of hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method.
To realize particular by technical scheme below:
A kind of hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
(1) cutting selects:Select the hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera of 1~2 year as female parent, in the morning or cloudy day collection robust growth, send out Educate normal, no disease and pests harm, semi-lignified, have spring of 1~2 axillary bud slightly.
(2) cutting is processed:The branch adopted back is trimmed to the cutting of 10~13cm length, branch otch is immersed in 1.5~ 1.8% hydrogen peroxide 6~8min, pulls out and drains, then otch is soaked in 15~20min in root-growing agent.
Root-growing agent, is made up of following raw material by weight:0.033~0.038% normal saline 25~35, naphthalene acetic acid Sodium 10~15, ABT root-inducing powder 6~9, heteroauxing 4~9, chicken manure 2.5~4.5, vitamin B12 .3~3.1, vitamin C 1.4 ~2, tryptophan 2~3,2.5~3.5wt% aqueous sucrose solution 6~11, Chinese medicine extraction liquid 12~18.
Chinese medicine extraction liquid:It is made up of following raw material by weight:Semen Vaccariae 8~15, Herba Scutellariae Barbatae 5~9, Caulis Akebiae 1.2~1.8, Herba Lophatheri 7~11, Radix Stellariae 3~5, Caulis Lonicerae 14~18, Radix Rhodiolae 3~7, Radix Notoginseng 1~3, the Radix Astragali 10~13.
(3) bedding prepares:Bedding is by 2.5~3.5: 0.8~1.2: 1~2 by fertile soil, coconut palm chaff, perlite, fertilizer : 1.3~1.8 mass ratio mixing.
Fertilizer, is made up of following raw material by weight:Calcium chloride dihydrate 15~25, Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate 8~13, five Brochanite 5~9, plant ash infusion 3.5~6, guano 1.2~2, zinc sulfate 0.2~0.5, manganese sulfate 0.3~0.4, sulfur Sour magnesium 0.1~0.2, ferrous sulfate 0.2~0.25, Borax 0.7~1.2.
(4) cuttage:With disinfectant solution, basic unit is sprayed before cuttage, after natural air drying 5d, press line-spacing 3~4m × spacing in the rows 1~1.5m Density cuttage, depth be branch 1/2.
(5) manage after cuttage:Including spraying the medicament of prevention and elimination of disease and pests, impose special fertilizer.
Preferably, described root-growing agent, is made up of following raw material by weight:0.035% normal saline 30, naphthalene second Sour sodium 13, ABT root-inducing powder 8, heteroauxing 6, chicken manure 3, vitamin B12 .7, vitamin C 1.7, tryptophan 2.5,3wt% sucrose Aqueous solution 9, Chinese medicine extraction liquid 15.
Preferably, described fertilizer, is made up of following raw material by weight:Calcium chloride dihydrate 20, seven water sulphuric acid Magnesium 11, copper sulphate pentahydrate 7, plant ash infusion 4.5, guano 1.6, zinc sulfate 0.35, manganese sulfate 0.35, magnesium sulfate 0.15, Ferrous sulfate 0.22, Borax 0.9.
Further, described Chinese medicine extraction liquid, its preparation method, weigh Chinese medicine by formula, smash 20~30min to pieces, add After the water of 0.3~0.4 times of Chinese medicine gross mass stirs evenly, filter, filtrate adds alcohol steep 20~25h, recovered under reduced pressure second Alcohol, adds intermixture, extracts 34~40h, recovered under reduced pressure intermixture, obtains filtrate extracting solution, then by the filtering residue filtering, plus Enter 2~3 times of filtering residue gross mass of water, maintain slight boiling condition 2~2.5h, filter to obtain second filtrate, by it 100~110 DEG C it is concentrated into 1/3 volume, obtains filtering residue extracting solution, filtrate extracting solution and the mixing of filtering residue extracting solution obtain Chinese medicine extraction liquid.
Further, described intermixture, is to be mixed and made into ethanol and acetone by 1: 0.35~0.45.
Further, described disinfectant solution, be by 1.2~2% potassium permanganate and oxirane by 1: 0.1~0.15 matter Amount is than mixing.
Further, described medicament, including following raw material:25% buprofezin powder 1.5~2wt%, 80% dichlorvos breast Oily 0.5~1.2wt%, 50% dimethyl phenyl carbamate cream 3.5~5wt%, S-Ethyl ethylthio sulfonate 7~13wt%, balance of water.
Further, described special fertilizer, is made up of following raw material by weight:Carbamide 15~20, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 8 ~13, potassium sulfate 5~15, retinol1 .5~2, vitamin C 1.1~1.5, glycine 0.3~0.6, leucine 0.4~0.9, Serine 1.1~1.5, copper sulfate 0.1~0.2, zinc sulfate 0.2~0.25, molybdenum micro- fertile 4~7.
In sum, the beneficial effects of the present invention is:By cutting selection, cutting process, bedding preparation, cuttage, skewer The step of management after inserting, forms a set of scientific and reasonable Cultivate administration pattern, can be effectively promoted taking root of branch, be conducive to root System's growth is flourishing, promotes the growth of branch fibrous root, draw nutrient in rooting process, the content of regulation and control plant endogenous hormones and weight Want the activity of enzyme, adjust plant metabolism intensity, survival rate is high, pest and disease damage is few, and root growth is in order.
Especially the present invention is by taking root that growth hormone, aminoacid, vitamin, sugar, the Chinese medicine of hestening rooting are formed Agent, energy activated plant cell, be conducive to cell differentiation, the regulation and control content of plant endogenous hormones and the activity of important enzyme, promote branch The flourishing growth of bar root system, improves the resistance of branch, improves its survival rate, adopts fertile soil, coconut palm chaff, treasure in cuttage bedding Zhu Yan and the rational proportion of fertilizer, on the one hand can increased the oxygen content in soil, improve the gas permeability of soil, are nursery stock root The growth of system provides good living environment, on the other hand, adds fertilizer, can improve the fertilizer of soil in bedding, and Endlessly nutrient can be provided in rooting process it is ensured that the abundance of nutrition, to promote the infiltration and development of root system, in skewer for branch Before inserting, bedding is carried out disinfection, growing of pathogen has been contained from origin, provide a healthy environment for shoot growth, Reduce the generation of disease, improve survival rate, additionally, after cuttage, the medicament carrying out science to branch sprays and topdresses, after minimizing The infringement to branch for the phase pest and disease damage, improves its survival rate, timely supplements required supporting during root system development in topdressing Point, improve the growth of nursery stock root hair, by scientific and reasonable cultivating and managing pattern, the nursery body of scale can be effectively formed System, realizes the economical and practical value of hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera to greatest extent.
Specific embodiment
Below the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail, but the invention is not limited in that these are real Apply mode, the improvement on any essence spirit in the present embodiment or replacement, still fall within the claims in the present invention required for protection Scope.
Embodiment 1
A kind of hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
(1) cutting selects:Select the hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera of 1~2 year as female parent, in the morning or cloudy day collection robust growth, send out Educate normal, no disease and pests harm, semi-lignified, have spring of 1~2 axillary bud slightly.
(2) cutting is processed:The branch adopted back is trimmed to the cutting of 10cm length, by branch otch be immersed in 1.5% double Oxygen water 6min, pulls out and drains, then otch is soaked in 15min in root-growing agent.
Root-growing agent, is made up of following raw material by weight:0.033% normal saline 25kg, Nafusaku 10kg, ABT root-inducing powder 6kg, heteroauxing 4kg, chicken manure 2.5kg, vitamin B12 .3kg, vitamin C 1.4kg, tryptophan 2kg, 2.5wt% aqueous sucrose solution 6kg, Chinese medicine extraction liquid 12kg.
Chinese medicine extraction liquid:It is made up of following raw material by weight:Semen Vaccariae 8kg, Herba Scutellariae Barbatae 5kg, Caulis Akebiae 1.2kg, Herba Lophatheri 7kg, Radix Stellariae 3kg, Caulis Lonicerae 14kg, Radix Rhodiolae 3kg, Radix Notoginseng 1kg, Radix Astragali 10kg.
(3) bedding prepares:Bedding be by fertile soil, coconut palm chaff, perlite, fertilizer by 2.5: 0.8: 1: 1.3 mass ratio Mixing.
Fertilizer, is made up of following raw material by weight:Calcium chloride dihydrate 15kg, Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate 8kg, five water sulfur Sour copper 5kg, plant ash infusion 3.5kg, guano 1.2kg, zinc sulfate 0.2kg, manganese sulfate 0.3kg, magnesium sulfate 0.1kg, sulfur Acid ferrous iron 0.2kg, Borax 0.7kg.
(4) cuttage:With disinfectant solution, basic unit is sprayed before cuttage, after natural air drying 5d, press the density skewer of line-spacing 3m × spacing in the rows 1m Insert, depth is the 1/2 of branch.
(5) manage after cuttage:Including spraying the medicament of prevention and elimination of disease and pests, impose special fertilizer.
Described Chinese medicine extraction liquid, its preparation method, weigh Chinese medicine by formula, smash 20min to pieces, add Chinese medicine gross mass After 0.3 times of water stirs evenly, filter, add alcohol steep 20h, decompression recycling ethanol in filtrate, add intermixture, extraction 34h, recovered under reduced pressure intermixture, obtain filtrate extracting solution, then by the filtering residue filtering, add 2 times of filtering residue gross mass of water, dimension Hold slight boiling condition 2h, filter to obtain second filtrate, it is concentrated into 1/3 volume at 100 DEG C, obtain filtering residue extracting solution, filtrate is carried Take liquid and the mixing of filtering residue extracting solution, that is, obtain Chinese medicine extraction liquid.
Described intermixture, is to be mixed and made into ethanol and acetone by 1: 0.35.
Described disinfectant solution, is to mix 1.2% potassium permanganate and oxirane by 1: 0.1 mass ratio.
Described medicament, including following raw material:25% buprofezin powder 1.5wt%, 80% DDT EC 0.5wt%, 50% dimethyl phenyl carbamate cream 3.5wt%, S-Ethyl ethylthio sulfonate 7wt%, balance of water.
Described special fertilizer, is made up of following raw material by weight:Carbamide 15kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 8kg, potassium sulfate 5kg, retinol1 .5kg, vitamin C 1.1kg, glycine 0.3kg, leucine 0.4kg, serine 1.1kg, copper sulfate 0.1kg, zinc sulfate 0.2kg, molybdenum micro- fertilizer 4kg.
Embodiment 2
A kind of hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
(1) cutting selects:Select the hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera of 1~2 year as female parent, in the morning or cloudy day collection robust growth, send out Educate normal, no disease and pests harm, semi-lignified, have spring of 1~2 axillary bud slightly.
(2) cutting is processed:The branch adopted back is trimmed to the cutting of 13cm length, by branch otch be immersed in 1.8% double Oxygen water 8min, pulls out and drains, then otch is soaked in 20min in root-growing agent.
Root-growing agent, is made up of following raw material by weight:0.038% normal saline 35kg, Nafusaku 15kg, ABT root-inducing powder 9kg, heteroauxing 9kg, chicken manure 4.5kg, orotic acid .1kg, Catergen kg, tryptophan 3kg, 3.5wt% Aqueous sucrose solution 11kg, Chinese medicine extraction liquid 18kg.
Chinese medicine extraction liquid:It is made up of following raw material by weight:Semen Vaccariae 15kg, Herba Scutellariae Barbatae 9kg, Caulis Akebiae 1.8kg, Herba Lophatheri 11kg, Radix Stellariae 5kg, Caulis Lonicerae 18kg, Radix Rhodiolae 7kg, Radix Notoginseng 3kg, Radix Astragali 13kg.
(3) bedding prepares:Bedding be by fertile soil, coconut palm chaff, perlite, fertilizer by 3.5: 1.2: 2: 1.8 mass ratio Mixing.
Fertilizer, is made up of following raw material by weight:Calcium chloride dihydrate 25kg, Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate 13kg, five water Copper sulfate 9kg, plant ash infusion 6kg, guano 2kg, zinc sulfate 0.5kg, manganese sulfate 0.4kg, magnesium sulfate 0.2kg, sulphuric acid Ferrous 0.25kg, Borax 1.2kg.
(4) cuttage:With disinfectant solution, basic unit is sprayed before cuttage, after natural air drying 5d, press the density of line-spacing 4m × spacing in the rows 1.5m Cuttage, depth is the 1/2 of branch.
(5) manage after cuttage:Including spraying the medicament of prevention and elimination of disease and pests, impose special fertilizer.
Described Chinese medicine extraction liquid, its preparation method, weigh Chinese medicine by formula, smash 30min to pieces, add Chinese medicine gross mass After 0.4 times of water stirs evenly, filter, add alcohol steep 25h, decompression recycling ethanol in filtrate, add intermixture, extraction 40h, recovered under reduced pressure intermixture, obtain filtrate extracting solution, then by the filtering residue filtering, add 3 times of filtering residue gross mass of water, dimension Hold slight boiling condition 2.5h, filter to obtain second filtrate, it is concentrated into 1/3 volume at 110 DEG C, obtain filtering residue extracting solution, by filtrate Extracting solution and the mixing of filtering residue extracting solution, that is, obtain Chinese medicine extraction liquid.
Described intermixture, is to be mixed and made into ethanol and acetone by 1: 0.45.
Described disinfectant solution, is to mix 2% potassium permanganate and oxirane by 1: 0.15 mass ratio.
Described medicament, including following raw material:25% buprofezin powder 2wt%, 80% DDT EC 1.2wt%, 50% dimethyl phenyl carbamate cream 5wt%, S-Ethyl ethylthio sulfonate 13wt%, balance of water.
Described special fertilizer, is made up of following raw material by weight:Carbamide 20kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 13kg, sulphuric acid Potassium 15kg, dehydroretinol kg, vitamin C 1.5kg, glycine 0.6kg, leucine 0.9kg, serine 1.5kg, copper sulfate 0.2kg, zinc sulfate 0.2kg, molybdenum micro- fertilizer 4kg.
Embodiment 3
A kind of hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
(1) cutting selects:Select the hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera of 1~2 year as female parent, in the morning or cloudy day collection robust growth, send out Educate normal, no disease and pests harm, semi-lignified, have spring of 1~2 axillary bud slightly.
(2) cutting is processed:The branch adopted back is trimmed to the cutting of 12cm length, by branch otch be immersed in 1.7% double Oxygen water 7min, pulls out and drains, then otch is soaked in 18min in root-growing agent.
Root-growing agent, is made up of following raw material by weight:0.035% normal saline 30kg, Nafusaku 13kg, ABT root-inducing powder 8kg, heteroauxing 6kg, chicken manure 3kg, vitamin B12 .7kg, vitamin C 1.7kg, tryptophan 2.5kg, 3wt% Aqueous sucrose solution 9kg, Chinese medicine extraction liquid 15kg.
Chinese medicine extraction liquid:It is made up of following raw material by weight:Semen Vaccariae 13kg, Herba Scutellariae Barbatae 7kg, Caulis Akebiae 1.5kg, Herba Lophatheri 9kg, Radix Stellariae 4kg, Caulis Lonicerae 16kg, Radix Rhodiolae 5kg, Radix Notoginseng 2kg, Radix Astragali 11.5kg.
(3) bedding prepares:Bedding is to mix fertile soil, coconut palm chaff, perlite, fertilizer by 3: 1: 1.5: 1.5 mass ratio Close.
Fertilizer, is made up of following raw material by weight:Calcium chloride dihydrate 20kg, Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate 11kg, five water Copper sulfate 7kg, plant ash infusion 4.5kg, guano 1.6kg, zinc sulfate 0.35kg, manganese sulfate 0.35kg, magnesium sulfate 0.15kg, ferrous sulfate 0.22kg, Borax 0.9kg.
(4) cuttage:With disinfectant solution, basic unit is sprayed before cuttage, after natural air drying 5d, press the close of line-spacing 3.5m × spacing in the rows 1.3m Degree cuttage, depth is the 1/2 of branch.
(5) manage after cuttage:Including spraying the medicament of prevention and elimination of disease and pests, impose special fertilizer.
Described Chinese medicine extraction liquid, its preparation method, weigh Chinese medicine by formula, smash 25min to pieces, add Chinese medicine gross mass After 0.35 times of water stirs evenly, filter, add alcohol steep 22h, decompression recycling ethanol in filtrate, add intermixture, extraction 38h, recovered under reduced pressure intermixture, obtain filtrate extracting solution, then by the filtering residue filtering, add 2.5 times of filtering residue gross mass of water, Maintain slight boiling condition 2.2h, filter to obtain second filtrate, it is concentrated into 1/3 volume at 105 DEG C, obtain filtering residue extracting solution, will filter Liquid extracting solution and the mixing of filtering residue extracting solution, that is, obtain Chinese medicine extraction liquid.
Described intermixture, is to be mixed and made into ethanol and acetone by 1: 0.4.
Described disinfectant solution, is to mix 1.5% potassium permanganate and oxirane by 1: 0.13 mass ratio.
Described medicament, including following raw material:25% buprofezin powder 1.8wt%, 80% DDT EC 1wt%, 50% dimethyl phenyl carbamate cream 4wt%, S-Ethyl ethylthio sulfonate 11wt%, balance of water.
Described special fertilizer, is made up of following raw material by weight:Carbamide 18kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 11kg, sulphuric acid Potassium 10kg, retinol1 .8kg, vitamin C 1.3kg, glycine 0.5kg, leucine 0.6kg, serine 1.3kg, copper sulfate 0.15kg, zinc sulfate 0.22kg, molybdenum micro- fertilizer 5kg.
Embodiment 4
A kind of hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
(1) cutting selects:Select the hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera of 1~2 year as female parent, in the morning or cloudy day collection robust growth, send out Educate normal, no disease and pests harm, semi-lignified, have spring of 1~2 axillary bud slightly.
(2) cutting is processed:The branch adopted back is trimmed to the cutting of 13cm length, by branch otch be immersed in 1.8% double Oxygen water 6min, pulls out and drains, then otch is soaked in 15min in root-growing agent.
Root-growing agent, is made up of following raw material by weight:0.038% normal saline 35kg, Nafusaku 15kg, ABT root-inducing powder 6kg, heteroauxing 4kg, chicken manure 4.5kg, orotic acid .1kg, Catergen kg, tryptophan 2kg, 3wt% sugarcane Sugar aqueous solution 11kg, Chinese medicine extraction liquid 18kg.
Chinese medicine extraction liquid:It is made up of following raw material by weight:Semen Vaccariae 8kg, Herba Scutellariae Barbatae 8kg, Caulis Akebiae 1.2kg, Herba Lophatheri 11kg, Radix Stellariae 5kg, Caulis Lonicerae 18kg, Radix Rhodiolae 3kg, Radix Notoginseng 3kg, Radix Astragali 13kg.
(3) bedding prepares:Bedding be by fertile soil, coconut palm chaff, perlite, fertilizer by 3.5: 0.8: 1: 1.5 mass ratio Mixing.
Fertilizer, is made up of following raw material by weight:Calcium chloride dihydrate 25kg, Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate 8kg, five water sulfur Sour copper 9kg, plant ash infusion 3.5kg, guano 2kg, zinc sulfate 0.5kg, manganese sulfate 0.4kg, magnesium sulfate 0.2kg, sulphuric acid Ferrous 0.25kg, Borax 0.7kg.
(4) cuttage:With disinfectant solution, basic unit is sprayed before cuttage, after natural air drying 5d, press the density skewer of line-spacing 4m × spacing in the rows 1m Insert, depth is the 1/2 of branch.
(5) manage after cuttage:Including spraying the medicament of prevention and elimination of disease and pests, impose special fertilizer.
Described Chinese medicine extraction liquid, its preparation method, weigh Chinese medicine by formula, smash 30min to pieces, add Chinese medicine gross mass After 0.3 times of water stirs evenly, filter, add alcohol steep 20h, decompression recycling ethanol in filtrate, add intermixture, extraction 40h, recovered under reduced pressure intermixture, obtain filtrate extracting solution, then by the filtering residue filtering, add 2 times of filtering residue gross mass of water, dimension Hold slight boiling condition 2.5h, filter to obtain second filtrate, it is concentrated into 1/3 volume at 110 DEG C, obtain filtering residue extracting solution, by filtrate Extracting solution and the mixing of filtering residue extracting solution, that is, obtain Chinese medicine extraction liquid.
Described intermixture, is to be mixed and made into ethanol and acetone by 1: 0.45.
Described disinfectant solution, is to mix 1.2~2% potassium permanganate and oxirane by 1: 0.15 mass ratio.
Described medicament, including following raw material:25% buprofezin powder 1.5wt%, 80% DDT EC 0.5wt%, 50% dimethyl phenyl carbamate cream 5wt%, S-Ethyl ethylthio sulfonate 7wt%, balance of water.
Described special fertilizer, is made up of following raw material by weight:Carbamide 20kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 13kg, sulphuric acid Potassium 15kg, dehydroretinol kg, vitamin C 1.5kg, glycine 0.3kg, leucine 0.4kg, serine 1.1kg, copper sulfate 0.15kg, zinc sulfate 0.25kg, molybdenum micro- fertilizer 4kg.
Embodiment 5
A kind of hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
(1) cutting selects:Select the hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera of 1~2 year as female parent, in the morning or cloudy day collection robust growth, send out Educate normal, no disease and pests harm, semi-lignified, have spring of 1~2 axillary bud slightly.
(2) cutting is processed:The branch adopted back is trimmed to the cutting of 13cm length, by branch otch be immersed in 1.6% double Oxygen water 6min, pulls out and drains, then otch is soaked in 20min in root-growing agent.
Root-growing agent, is made up of following raw material by weight:0.038% normal saline 25kg, Nafusaku 10kg, ABT root-inducing powder 7kg, heteroauxing 9kg, chicken manure 2.5kg, vitamin B12 .3kg, Catergen kg, tryptophan 3kg, 2.5wt% Aqueous sucrose solution 6kg, Chinese medicine extraction liquid 18kg.
Chinese medicine extraction liquid:It is made up of following raw material by weight:Semen Vaccariae 15kg, Herba Scutellariae Barbatae 9kg, Caulis Akebiae 1.2kg, Herba Lophatheri 7kg, Radix Stellariae 3kg, Caulis Lonicerae 15kg, Radix Rhodiolae 7kg, Radix Notoginseng 1kg, Radix Astragali 13kg.
(3) bedding prepares:Bedding is to mix fertile soil, coconut palm chaff, perlite, fertilizer by 3.5: 1: 2: 1.3 mass ratio Close.
Fertilizer, is made up of following raw material by weight:Calcium chloride dihydrate 25kg, Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate 8kg, five water sulfur Sour copper 9kg, plant ash infusion 3.5kg, guano 2kg, zinc sulfate 0.5kg, manganese sulfate 0.4kg, magnesium sulfate 0.2kg, sulphuric acid Ferrous 0.25kg, Borax 1.2kg.
(4) cuttage:With disinfectant solution, basic unit is sprayed before cuttage, after natural air drying 5d, press the close of line-spacing 3.5m × spacing in the rows 1.5m Degree cuttage, depth is the 1/2 of branch.
(5) manage after cuttage:Including spraying the medicament of prevention and elimination of disease and pests, impose special fertilizer.
Described Chinese medicine extraction liquid, its preparation method, weigh Chinese medicine by formula, smash 30min to pieces, add Chinese medicine gross mass After 0.3 times of water stirs evenly, filter, add alcohol steep 20h, decompression recycling ethanol in filtrate, add intermixture, extraction 40h, recovered under reduced pressure intermixture, obtain filtrate extracting solution, then by the filtering residue filtering, add 2 times of filtering residue gross mass of water, dimension Hold slight boiling condition 2.5h, filter to obtain second filtrate, it is concentrated into 1/3 volume at 100 DEG C, obtain filtering residue extracting solution, by filtrate Extracting solution and the mixing of filtering residue extracting solution, that is, obtain Chinese medicine extraction liquid.
Described intermixture, is to be mixed and made into ethanol and acetone by 1: 0.45.
Described disinfectant solution, is to mix 1.2% potassium permanganate and oxirane by 1: 0.13 mass ratio.
Described medicament, including following raw material:25% buprofezin powder 2wt%, 80% DDT EC 0.5wt%, 50% dimethyl phenyl carbamate cream 5wt%, S-Ethyl ethylthio sulfonate 7wt%, balance of water.
Described special fertilizer, is made up of following raw material by weight:Carbamide 15kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 13kg, sulphuric acid Potassium 15kg, retinol1 .5kg, vitamin C 1.3kg, glycine 0.6kg, leucine 0.4kg, serine 1.1kg, copper sulfate 0.2kg, zinc sulfate 0.25kg, molybdenum micro- fertilizer 5kg.
Experimental example
This researcher randomly selects 6 mu of fertilizer identical planting sites, to above-described embodiment 1~5,25 after the completion of cuttage In~28 days, to cuttage hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera nursery stock survival rate, carried out follow-up study, using traditional cutting propagation mode as Contrast object, result is as shown in table 1:
Table 1
Shown in upper table, by the way of the cutting propagation of the present invention, the survival rate of nursery stock is increased, with traditional skewer Slotting seedling raising mannerses are compared, and cutting propagation is selected with suitable root-growing agent, disinfectant, and ventilative good cuttage basic unit, can make The survival rate that Broussonetia papyrifera nursery stock must be hybridized is higher than the survival rate of traditional cutting propagation mode.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method is it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) cutting selects:Select the hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera of 1~2 year as female parent, in the morning or cloudy day collection robust growth, just develop Often, no disease and pests harm, semi-lignified, have spring of 1~2 axillary bud slightly;
(2) cutting is processed:The branch adopted back is trimmed to the cutting of 10~13cm length, branch otch is immersed in 1.5~1.8% Hydrogen peroxide 6~8min, pull out and drain, then otch is soaked in 15~20min in root-growing agent;
Root-growing agent, is made up of following raw material by weight:0.033~0.038% normal saline 25~35, Nafusaku 10 ~15, ABT root-inducing powder 6~9, heteroauxing 4~9, chicken manure 2.5~4.5, vitamin B12 .3~3.1, vitamin C 1.4~2, Tryptophan 2~3,2.5~3.5wt% aqueous sucrose solution 6~11, Chinese medicine extraction liquid 12~18;
Chinese medicine extraction liquid:It is made up of following raw material by weight:Semen Vaccariae 8~15, Herba Scutellariae Barbatae 5~9, Caulis Akebiae 1.2~ 1.8th, Herba Lophatheri 7~11, Radix Stellariae 3~5, Caulis Lonicerae 14~18, Radix Rhodiolae 3~7, Radix Notoginseng 1~3, the Radix Astragali 10~13;
(3) bedding prepares:Bedding is by 2.5~3.5: 0.8~1.2: 1~2 by fertile soil, coconut palm chaff, perlite, fertilizer: 1.3 ~1.8 mass ratio mixing;
Fertilizer, is made up of following raw material by weight:Calcium chloride dihydrate 15~25, Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate 8~13, five water sulfur Sour copper 5~9, plant ash infusion 3.5~6, guano 1.2~2, zinc sulfate 0.2~0.5, manganese sulfate 0.3~0.4, magnesium sulfate 0.1~0.2, ferrous sulfate 0.2~0.25, Borax 0.7~1.2;
(4) cuttage:With disinfectant solution, basic unit is sprayed before cuttage, after natural air drying 5d, press the close of line-spacing 3~4m × spacing in the rows 1~1.5m Degree cuttage, depth is the 1/2 of branch;
(5) manage after cuttage:Including spraying the medicament of prevention and elimination of disease and pests, impose special fertilizer.
2. hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described root-growing agent, is pressed by following The raw material composition of weight portion meter:0.035% normal saline 30, Nafusaku 13, ABT root-inducing powder 8, heteroauxing 6, chicken manure 3, dimension Raw element B12.7, vitamin C 1.7, tryptophan 2.5,3wt% aqueous sucrose solution 9, Chinese medicine extraction liquid 15.
3. hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described fertilizer, is pressed by following The raw material composition of weight portion meter:Calcium chloride dihydrate 20, Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate 11, copper sulphate pentahydrate 7, plant ash infusion 4.5, seabird Excrement 1.6, zinc sulfate 0.35, manganese sulfate 0.35, magnesium sulfate 0.15, ferrous sulfate 0.22, Borax 0.9.
4. hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method as claimed in claim 1 is it is characterised in that described Chinese medicine extraction liquid, its system Preparation Method, weighs Chinese medicine by formula, smashs 20~30min to pieces, after adding 0.3~0.4 times of Chinese medicine gross mass of water to stir evenly, mistake Filter, adds alcohol steep 20~25h, decompression recycling ethanol in filtrate, adds intermixture, extracts 34~40h, recovered under reduced pressure Intermixture, obtains filtrate extracting solution, then by the filtering residue filtering, adds 2~3 times of filtering residue gross mass of water, maintains micro-boiling shape State 2~2.5h, filters to obtain second filtrate, it is concentrated into 1/3 volume at 100~110 DEG C, obtain filtering residue extracting solution, by filtrate Extracting solution and the mixing of filtering residue extracting solution, that is, obtain Chinese medicine extraction liquid.
5. hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that described intermixture, is by ethanol It is mixed by 1: 0.35~0.45 with acetone.
6. hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method as claimed in claim 1 is it is characterised in that described disinfectant solution, be by 1.2~ 2% potassium permanganate and oxirane are mixed by 1: 0.1~0.15 mass ratio.
7. hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described medicament, includes former below Material:25% buprofezin powder 1.5~2wt%, 80% DDT EC 0.5~1.2wt%, 50% dimethyl phenyl carbamate cream 3.5~ 5wt%, S-Ethyl ethylthio sulfonate 7~13wt%, balance of water.
8. hybridization Broussonetia papyrifera seed cultivation method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described special fertilizer, is pressed by following The raw material composition of weight portion meter:Carbamide 15~20, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 8~13, potassium sulfate 5~15, retinol1 .5~2, dimension life Plain C1.1~1.5, glycine 0.3~0.6, leucine 0.4~0.9, serine 1.1~1.5, copper sulfate 0.1~0.2, sulphuric acid Zinc 0.2~0.25, molybdenum micro- fertile 4~7.
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CN114402896A (en) * 2022-02-21 2022-04-29 南宁市中淮农业有限公司 Podocarpus macrophyllus seedling cultivation method

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CN104081954A (en) * 2014-06-12 2014-10-08 河南省林业科学研究院 Hard wood cutting propagation method for paper mulberries
CN104429443A (en) * 2014-09-27 2015-03-25 管天球 Method for planting date trees in three-difficulty land

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CN106941958A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-07-14 河池乐康生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings for hybridizing paper mulberry
CN107027568A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-08-11 河池乐康生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of method of camphor tree nursery
CN107079757A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-08-22 河池乐康生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of method of camphor tree cuttage and seedling culture
CN107409977A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-12-01 河池乐康生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of method of China fir cuttage fast seedling growing
CN106857209A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-06-20 河池乐康生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of method of pfaffia cuttage and seedling culture
CN109429750A (en) * 2017-08-31 2019-03-08 王子成 A kind of hybridization paper mulberry four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation method for culturing seedlings
CN107912246A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-04-17 桐城市天天家庭农场有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of rape
CN108811812A (en) * 2018-06-07 2018-11-16 贵州中魁农业(集团)中林农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods improving paper mulberry survival rate
CN108967197A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-11 云南兴构农业产业发展有限公司 The method that paper mulberry is cultivated using branch
CN108834904A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-11-20 云南兴构农业产业发展有限公司 The culture medium and breeding method of paper mulberry are cultivated for root tissue
CN109156343A (en) * 2018-08-23 2019-01-08 云南兴构农业产业发展有限公司 The culture medium and breeding method of paper mulberry are cultivated for blade
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Application publication date: 20170215