CN106472228A - The implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea - Google Patents

The implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106472228A
CN106472228A CN201610899095.4A CN201610899095A CN106472228A CN 106472228 A CN106472228 A CN 106472228A CN 201610899095 A CN201610899095 A CN 201610899095A CN 106472228 A CN106472228 A CN 106472228A
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selenium
parts
rich
oil tea
soil
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CN106472228B (en
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刘勇
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Hubei Xin Green Food Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B15/00Organic phosphatic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C11/00Other nitrogenous fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea, which includes:The betterment of land:Sandy land of the gradient within 25 ° is selected as kind of a soil is treated, turn over uniform, then apply betterment of land agent by 50~80kg/ mu, keep naturally 2~3d;And apply betterment of land agent by 30~60kg/ mu again, and turn over uniform, 10~20d is kept naturally, then the selenium-rich farm manure of applying 1500~2200kg/ mu, rake fine earth ground, that is, improvement soil is obtained;The betterment of land agent is made up of following raw material:Gypsum, cinnamon soil, ardealite, ferrous sulfate, Cosan, weathered coal, water, zinc sulfate, chitin, carboxymethyl chitosan, heparin, sodium alginate, chitosan, sulfuric ester, phosphate, acetic acid.The oil tea that is planted by the present invention, having can be to the improvement of planting site, it is adapted to the acid ground condition of tea oil tree growth, while applying selenium-rich fertilizer to soil to improve planting site soil nutrient structure, make tea oil tree fast-growth, and the advantage of nutrient content selenium element that is more comprehensive and containing needed by human body.

Description

The implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea
Technical field
The present invention relates to traditional oil tree planting technology field, more particularly to a kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea.
Background technology
Selenium-rich oil is the high-tech product that is produced with the method and technology of science, be by production process naturally plus mend Selenium element reaches the purpose of selenium-rich, is real fully natural green edible oil.This year, as living standards of the people are improved, rich Selenium tea oil is increasingly favored by people, and supply falls short of demand in market, and therefore, development selenium-rich oil tea has important to human health Meaning.But tea oil tree is suitable for being grown in the acid ground that pH is 5~6.5, the insoluble alkali of selenium in acid ground ring Formula selenous acid iron is fixed presence, is difficult to be absorbed by root system of plant and is utilized.And the current selenium-rich location of China is considerably less, therefore With common implantation methods kind tea oil tree selenium content out seldom, so that the production of the selenium-rich oil tea of China is restricted And development.
Number of patent application is 201210316373.0 to disclose a kind of implantation methods of oilcamellia rich in selenium, selects including forest land Select, science site preparation, rational density, scientic planting, reinforced cultivating, implement selenium fertilizer, apply fertilizers scientifically, the preventing and treating of pest and disease damage and fruit Harvesting;The invention can make tea oil tree plant out tea oil tree containing selenium in selenium deficiency area, but selenium content is not high, is unsuitable for neutrality Or the plantation of alkaline selenium-rich tea oil tree.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich tea oil tree, which can be by changing to planting site Good so as to be suitable to the acid ground condition of tea oil tree growth, while applying selenium-rich fertilizer to soil to improve planting site soil nutrient knot Structure, makes tea oil tree fast-growth, and the advantage of nutrient content selenium element that is more comprehensive and containing needed by human body.
In order to realize according to object of the present invention and further advantage, there is provided a kind of plantation side of selenium-rich oil tea of method Method, including:
The betterment of land:Select Sandy land of the gradient within 25 ° as kind of a soil is treated, turn over uniform, then by 50~ 80kg/ mu applies betterment of land agent, keeps naturally 2~3d;And apply betterment of land agent by 30~60kg/ mu again, turn over all Even, 10~20d is kept naturally, then applies the selenium-rich farm manure of 1500~2200kg/ mu, rake fine earth ground, i.e., prepared conditioned soil Ground;
The betterment of land agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:5~10 parts of gypsum, 5~10 parts of cinnamon soil, ardealite 2 ~5 parts, 10~20 parts of ferrous sulfate, 20~30 parts of Cosan, 10~20 parts of weathered coal, 20~40 parts of water, zinc sulfate 5~10 Part, 0.5~1 part of chitin, 0.2~0.5 part of carboxymethyl chitosan, 0.01~0.03 part of heparin, sodium alginate 0.02~0.05 Part, 0.05~0.1 part of chitosan, 0.01~0.05 part of sulfuric ester, phosphoesterase 30 .01~0.03 part, 1~2 part of acetic acid;
The preparation method of the selenium-rich farm manure is comprised the following steps:
Step A:First the phoenix tree leaf of thunder godvine that weight portion is 3~5 parts, 2~3 parts is crushed to 50~100 mesh, Ran Houyong Weight fraction is that 40~60 parts of mass concentration is followed successively by 80~90%, 70~80%, 50~60% ethanol in 40~70 DEG C Under be heated to reflux 6~10h, collect final residue and obtain the first residue, and merge the extract for obtaining that flows back every time, obtain the One extract;
Step B:10~20 parts of soy meal, 10~20 parts of selenium-rich corn powder of straw, 5~10 parts of watermelon vine powder are mixed Merge and 50~100 mesh are crushed to, the water of the first residue and 300~500 parts is added, 10~20h is stirred, weight portion is added for 2 ~4 parts of EM bacterium, 1~3 part of cellulase producing bacteria, 2~4 parts of protease producing strains, put it into 25~35 DEG C, relative Humidity is in 60~80% environment, stands 10~20d, becomes the first batch mixing;
Step C:By biogas slurry that weight portion is 60~80 parts, 30~50 parts of syrup, 3~5 parts of pig blood, 2~5 parts of selenium Ore, 10~15 parts of selenium-rich amino acid, 2~5 parts of selenium yeast, 1~2 part of selenide of carragheen are mixed, 20~30 DEG C, relative humidity be 70~80% under conditions of 4~7d of sealing and standing, obtain the second batch mixing;
Step D:First batch mixing, the second batch mixing and the first extract are mixed, it is 5~10 parts organic to add weight portion Acid, 10~20 parts of compound bacteria, at 25~32 DEG C, under the conditions of relative humidity is 70~80%, 10~20d of anaerobic fermentation, inactivation, Obtain final product selenium-rich farm manure;The compound bacteria is 1 by mass ratio:0.5~1:1~1.5 Trichoderma viride, Japanese head mold, aspergillus niger Composition.
Preferably, the implantation methods of the selenium-rich oil tea, also include:
Oil tea seedling is selected:Trunk diameter is selected in the nursery stock of 2.5~6.5cm;Nursery stock is connected root dig out, cut off 1/3~ 2/5 fibrous root, main root cut off 1/4~1/3 length, obtain oil tea seedling, standby;
Field planting:Will improvement soil by strain spacing 3m, line space 3m specification, cutting depth be 20~45cm, a diameter of 15 The kind plant hole of~35cm, oil tea seedling is implanted into;
Water and fertilizer management:After field planting, when the moisture in the root soil of selenium-rich tea oil tree is less than 15~20%, one is poured Secondary water;Every 20~30 days, according to the ratio of 1~2kg/ strain, apply containing weight portion to be 10~20 to the root of selenium-rich tea oil tree Part composite fertilizer, the mixture of the clear water of 10~15 parts of Selenium-rich nutrient solution and 30~50 parts;After selenium-rich tea oil tree is yielded positive results, After Selenium-rich nutrient solution is diluted 20~30 times with clear water, spray in the blade face of selenium-rich tea oil tree in the ratio of 0.4~0.7kg/ strain; In fructescence, Selenium-rich nutrient solution is diluted 60~100 times with clear water, is sprayed in selenium-rich in the ratio of 0.2~0.5kg/ strain The blade face of tea oil tree, and stop applying for 15~25 days before fruit maturation;The Selenium-rich nutrient solution is by the raw material of following weight portion Composition:20~40 parts of water, 1~2 part of acetic acid, 10~20 parts of ferrous sulfate, 0.01~0.02 part of sodium citrate, vitamin 0.5~2 Part, 0.5~1 part of ammonium selenite, 0.1~0.5 part of selenomethionine, 1~2 part of sodium selenate, 0.1~0.3 part of malic acid, chitin 0.5~2 part.
Preferably, the implantation methods of the selenium-rich oil tea, after oil tea seedling is selected, before field planting, also include:
Oil tea seedling urges root:Oil tea seedling is placed in the aqueous solution of the potassium permanganate that mass fraction is 20~30% and soaks 20~40min, washing, then put it into and 5~10h of immersion in root liquid is urged, pulled out, drain, standby;Described urge root liquid by Following raw material composition:5~10 parts of heteroauxin, 2~5 parts of double gills, 1~3 part of diethyl aminoethyl hexanoate, 40~80 parts of water.
Preferably, the implantation methods of the selenium-rich oil tea, the selenium ore refer to containing selenium and zinc, molybdenum, iodine, iron, magnesium, Manganese, potassium, sodium, calcium, copper, chromium, the selenium ore of one or more composition of silicon, wherein, Se content is not less than 200 μ g/kg.
Preferably, the implantation methods of the selenium-rich oil tea, the selenium-rich amino acid are 1 by mass ratio:0.8~1.2: 1.5~2:0.1~0.5 seleno methanesulfanyl acid, selenomethionine, selenocysteine, gamma-glutamyl selenium methyl seleno Cysteine constitutes.
Preferably, the implantation methods of the selenium-rich oil tea, the organic acid are 1 by mass ratio:0.8~1.2:0.1~ 0.5 tartaric acid, salicylic acid, butanedioic acid composition.
Preferably, the implantation methods of the selenium-rich oil tea, the biogas slurry contain hole nest Acaulospora, light wall nothing stalk capsule Mould, Ke Shi Acaulospora, Glomus mosseae, big fruit sacculus are mould, the hole nest Acaulospora, light wall Acaulospora, Ke Shi nothing stalk Capsule is mould, Glomus mosseae, the mould spore density of big fruit sacculus be respectively 200~300/ml, 100~150/ml, 80~100 Individual/ml, 120~150/ml, 100~130/ml.
The present invention at least includes following beneficial effect:
1st, the present invention passes through treating kind of a soil applying betterment of land agent that gypsum, ardealite, sulfuric acid are sub- in betterment of land agent Iron, Cosan, weathered coal, acetic acid can improve the Acidity of Aikalinity of soil, make soil maintain sour environment, be conducive to the life of oil tea Long;In betterment of land agent, chitin, carboxymethyl chitosan, chitosan have and promote tea oil tree to take root, support root effect energy Promote the division of root cell, capillary root increasing fast is made, promote well developed root system, the effect of fast-growth;And chitin, carboxylic Methyl chitosan, chitosan can cultivate the profitable strains such as substantial amounts of actinomyces after entering soil, these beneficial bacteriums Group improve oozy a large amount of antibiotic agents and resistance enzyme chitinase etc. while soil, directly can dissolve nematode and its Worm's ovum body wall, while suppressing the growth and breeding of pernicious bacteria, can resist various diseases for a long time, being conducive to the growth of tea oil tree; Chitin can generate chitin under the acid condition of improved soil with sodium alginate, heparin, sulfuric ester, phosphate and derive Thing, these derivative synergies, promote tea oil tree fast-growth.
2nd, contain thunder godvine, phoenix tree leaf in the selenium-rich farm manure of the present invention, its active component extracted using ethanol, With after fermentation, then apply tea oil tree can be conducive to grow with desinsection, sterilization on soil;By soy meal, selenium-rich corn powder of straw, west Melon vine powder warp, cellulase producing bacteria, the decomposition of protease producing strains are degraded into small molecule, are conducive to fermentation below, and this A little small molecules are more beneficial for tea oil tree absorption after entering soil;By biogas slurry, syrup, pig blood, selenium ore, selenium-rich amino acid, selenium ferment The mixing of female, selenide of carragheen, prebiotic cenobium in biogas slurry, will put into rich in selenium and various trace elements mineral powder, beneficial in a large number Under microorganism cenobium is quickly bred, micro- macroelement such as selenium that degraded, absorption, digestion are present with inorganic states so as to become life Organically combine state selenium in physiological activity etc.;Then compound bacteria is added, appropriate temperature conditions is provided and is quickly bred by which, allow residual Remaining inorganic states etc. trace element convert again, allow micro- macroelement such as selenium of inorganic states greatly improve biological utilisation Degree, so as to overcome the restriction of the organic fixing selenium element of acid ground, is conducive to tea oil tree to fully absorb selenium.
3rd, the Selenium-rich nutrient solution of the present invention contains acetic acid, malic acid can make Selenium-rich nutrient solution keep acid, ferrous sulfate Chlorophyll formation can be promoted, chitin can promote plant establishment, cell to increase.
Part is embodied by the further advantage, target of the present invention and feature by description below, and part will also be by this The research of invention and practice and be understood by the person skilled in the art.
Specific embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, to make those skilled in the art with reference to specification Word can be implemented according to this.
Embodiment 1
A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea, including:
The betterment of land:Sandy land of the gradient within 25 ° is selected as kind of a soil is treated, turn over uniform, then press 50kg/ Mu applies betterment of land agent, keeps naturally 2d;And press the applying betterment of land agent of 30kg/ mu again, turn over uniform, keep naturally 10d, then applies the selenium-rich farm manure of 1500kg/ mu, rake fine earth ground, i.e., prepared improvement soil;
The betterment of land agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:5 parts of gypsum, 5 parts of cinnamon soil, 2 parts of ardealite, sulfuric acid are sub- 10 parts of iron, 20 parts of Cosan, 10 parts of weathered coal, 20 parts of water, 5 parts of zinc sulfate, 0.5 part of chitin, 0.2 part of carboxymethyl chitosan, 0.01 part of heparin, 0.02 part of sodium alginate, 0.05 part of chitosan, 0.01 part of sulfuric ester, phosphoesterase 30 .01 part, acetic acid 1 Part;Gypsum and ardealite main component are calcium sulfate, and which can be reacted with the sodium carbonate in basic soil, it is possible to decrease alkaline soil The alkalescence of earth;Cosan can reduce surface soil alkalinity, while element sulphur can be provided, and can promote absorption of the tea oil tree to iron;Wind Change in coal and can reduce soil acidity containing humic acid;
The preparation method of the selenium-rich farm manure is comprised the following steps:
Step A:First the phoenix tree leaf of thunder godvine that weight portion is 3 parts, 2 parts is crushed to 50 mesh, then with weight fraction is 40 parts of mass concentration is followed successively by 80%, 70%, 50% ethanol and is heated to reflux 6h at 40 DEG C, collects final residue and obtains First residue, and merge the extract for obtaining that flows back every time, obtain the first extract;Thunder godvine, phoenix tree leaf are crushed and is adopted Ethanol is extracted, and is extracted effective active composition, can more play a role, more effectively kill during subsequent fermentation is obtained fertilizer Insect and harmful bacteria in dead soil earth.
Step B:10 parts of soy meal, 10 parts of selenium-rich corn powder of straw, 5 parts of watermelon vine powder are mixed and are crushed to 50 Mesh, adds the water of the first residue and 300 parts, stirs 10h, and the cellulase for adding EM bacterium, 1 part that weight portion is 2 parts is produced Bacterium, 2 parts of protease producing strains, put it into 25 DEG C, relative humidity be to stand 10d in 60% environment, become first and mix Material;EM bacterium produces the actinomyces symbiosis produced in antibacterial material, with soil through chitin culture, forms good plant growth ring Border, improves soil fertilizer matter, thorough improved soil, and suppresses harmful microorganism to breed, and produces benefit materials preventing and treating crops each Class disease, while the content of amino acid in the raw material after fermentation can be improved.
Step C:By biogas slurry that weight portion is 60 parts, 30 parts of syrup, 3 parts of pig blood, 2 parts of selenium ore, 10 parts of richness Selenoaminoacid, 2 parts of selenium yeast, 1 part of selenide of carragheen are mixed, close under conditions of 20 DEG C, relative humidity are for 70% Envelope standing 4d, obtains the second batch mixing;Selenium-rich amino acid, selenium yeast, selenide of carragheen are the suction that Organic Selenium is conducive to tea oil tree Receive.
Step D:First batch mixing, the second batch mixing and the first extract are mixed, adds organic acid, 10 that weight portion is 5 parts The compound bacteria of part, at 25 DEG C, under the conditions of relative humidity is 70%, anaerobic fermentation 10d, inactivation, obtain final product selenium-rich farm manure;Described multiple It is 1 bacterium to be closed by mass ratio:0.5:1 Trichoderma viride, Japanese head mold, aspergillus niger composition.Raw material Trichoderma viride, Japanese head mold, In the presence of aspergillus niger, by fermentation, produce and necessary various amino acid, enzyme, organic acid, vitamin, biotin, interferon Obtained fertilizer is caused with soil texture is improved etc. the beneficial vital activity factor, strengthen soil fertility, improve crop yield Effect, and be conducive to absorbing for tea oil tree,.
The implantation methods of the selenium-rich oil tea, also include:
Oil tea seedling is selected:Trunk diameter is selected in the nursery stock of 2.5cm;Nursery stock is connected root dig out, 1/3 fibrous root is cut off, Main root cuts off 1/3 length, obtains oil tea seedling, standby;
Field planting:By improvement soil by strain spacing 3m, the specification of line space 3m, cutting depth is 20cm, a diameter of 15cm Plant hole is planted, oil tea seedling is implanted into;
Water and fertilizer management:After field planting, when the moisture in the root soil of selenium-rich tea oil tree is less than 15%, pour once Water;Every 20 days, according to the ratio of 1kg/ strain, to the root of selenium-rich tea oil tree apply containing weight portion be 10 parts of composite fertilizers, 10 parts Selenium-rich nutrient solution and 30 parts of clear water mixture;After selenium-rich tea oil tree is yielded positive results, Selenium-rich nutrient solution is dilute with clear water After releasing 20 times, spray in the blade face of selenium-rich tea oil tree in the ratio of 0.4kg/ strain;In fructescence, by Selenium-rich nutrient solution with clearly Water dilutes 60 times, sprays in the blade face of selenium-rich tea oil tree in the ratio of 0.2kg/ strain, and 15 days before fruit maturation stop applying; The Selenium-rich nutrient solution is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:20 parts of water, 1 part of acetic acid, 10 parts of ferrous sulfate, sodium citrate 0.01 Part, 0.5 part of vitamin, 0.5 part of ammonium selenite, 0.1 part of selenomethionine, 1 part of sodium selenate, 0.1 part of malic acid, 0.5 part of chitin. Vitamin can be played regulatory role to tea oil tree growth for vitamin C, Cobastab etc..
After the oil tea seedling is selected, before field planting, also include:
Oil tea seedling urges root:Oil tea seedling is placed in the aqueous solution of the potassium permanganate that mass fraction is 20% and soaks 20min, washing, then put it into and immersion 5h in root liquid is urged, pulled out, drain, standby;Described root liquid is urged by following weight Part:5 parts of heteroauxin, 2 parts of double gills, 1 part of diethyl aminoethyl hexanoate, 40 parts of water.Oil tea seedling is passed through and urges root after potassium permanganate sterilization The process of liquid can promote division and the elongation of oil tea seedling cell.
The selenium ore is referred to containing selenium and zinc, molybdenum, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sodium, calcium, copper, chromium, one or more one-tenth of silicon The selenium ore for dividing, wherein, Se content is not less than 200 μ g/kg.Selenium ore contains various plants essential metal element, is conducive to oil The fast uniform growth of tea tree.
The selenium-rich amino acid is 1 by mass ratio:0.8:1.5:0.1 seleno methanesulfanyl acid, selenomethionine, selenium Constitute for cysteine, gamma-glutamyl methylselenocysteinefrom.
The organic acid is 1 by mass ratio:0.8:0.1 tartaric acid, salicylic acid, butanedioic acid composition.
The biogas slurry contains hole nest Acaulospora, light wall Acaulospora, Ke Shi Acaulospora, Glomus mosseae, big fruit ball Capsule is mould, the hole nest Acaulospora, light wall Acaulospora, Ke Shi Acaulospora, Glomus mosseae, the mould spore density of big fruit sacculus Respectively 200/ml, 100/ml, 80/ml, 120/ml, 100/ml.Many containing hole nest Acaulospora etc. in biogas slurry Prebiotic cenobium is planted, is conducive to the Determination of multiple metal elements in fully degraded digestion selenium ore, is conducive to tea oil tree to nutrient Fully absorb and generate development.
Embodiment 2
A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea, it is characterised in that include:
The betterment of land:Sandy land of the gradient within 25 ° is selected as kind of a soil is treated, turn over uniform, then press 60kg/ Mu applies betterment of land agent, keeps naturally 3d;And press the applying betterment of land agent of 50kg/ mu again, turn over uniform, keep naturally 15d, then applies the selenium-rich farm manure of 1800kg/ mu, rake fine earth ground, i.e., prepared improvement soil;
The betterment of land agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:8 parts of gypsum, 8 parts of cinnamon soil, 3 parts of ardealite, sulfuric acid are sub- 15 parts of iron, 25 parts of Cosan, 15 parts of weathered coal, 30 parts of water, 8 parts of zinc sulfate, 0.8 part of chitin, 0.3 part of carboxymethyl chitosan, 0.02 part of heparin, 0.03 part of sodium alginate, 0.08 part of chitosan, 0.03 part of sulfuric ester, phosphoesterase 30 .02 part, acetic acid 1.5 part;
The preparation method of the selenium-rich farm manure is comprised the following steps:
Step A:First the phoenix tree leaf of thunder godvine that weight portion is 4 parts, 2.5 parts is crushed to 80 mesh, then uses weight fraction The ethanol for 85%, 75%, 55% being followed successively by for 50 parts of mass concentrations is heated to reflux 8h at 55 DEG C, collects final residue and obtains To the first residue, and merge the extract for obtaining that flows back every time, obtain the first extract;
Step B:15 parts of soy meal, 15 parts of selenium-rich corn powder of straw, 8 parts of watermelon vine powder are mixed and are crushed to 80 Mesh, adds the water of the first residue and 400 parts, stirs 15h, and the cellulase for adding EM bacterium, 2 parts that weight portion is 3 parts is produced Bacterium, 3 parts of protease producing strains, put it into 30 DEG C, relative humidity be to stand 15d in 70% environment, become first and mix Material;
Step C:By biogas slurry that weight portion is 70 parts, 40 parts of syrup, 4 parts of pig blood, 4 parts of selenium ore, 13 parts of richness Selenoaminoacid, 3 parts of selenium yeast, 1.5 parts of selenide of carragheen are mixed, under conditions of 25 DEG C, relative humidity are 75% Sealing and standing 5d, obtains the second batch mixing;
Step D:First batch mixing, the second batch mixing and the first extract are mixed, adds organic acid, 15 that weight portion is 8 parts The compound bacteria of part, at 28 DEG C, under the conditions of relative humidity is 75%, anaerobic fermentation 15d, inactivation, obtain final product selenium-rich farm manure;Described multiple It is 1 bacterium to be closed by mass ratio:0.8:1.2 Trichoderma viride, Japanese head mold, aspergillus niger composition.
The implantation methods of described selenium-rich oil tea, also include:
Oil tea seedling is selected:Trunk diameter is selected in the nursery stock of 5cm;Nursery stock is connected root dig out, 2/5 fibrous root is cut off, main Root cuts off 1/4 length, obtains oil tea seedling, standby;
Field planting:By improvement soil by strain spacing 3m, the specification of line space 3m, cutting depth is 35cm, a diameter of 20cm Plant hole is planted, oil tea seedling is implanted into;
Water and fertilizer management:After field planting, when the moisture in the root soil of selenium-rich tea oil tree is less than 19%, pour once Water;Every 25 days, according to the ratio of 1.5kg/ strain, to the root of selenium-rich tea oil tree apply containing weight portion be 15 parts of composite fertilizers, 12 Part Selenium-rich nutrient solution and 40 parts of clear water mixture;After selenium-rich tea oil tree is yielded positive results, by Selenium-rich nutrient solution clear water After 25 times of dilution, spray in the blade face of selenium-rich tea oil tree in the ratio of 0.6kg/ strain;In fructescence, Selenium-rich nutrient solution is used Clear water dilutes 80 times, sprays in the blade face of selenium-rich tea oil tree in the ratio of 0.4kg/ strain, and 20 days before fruit maturation stop applying With;The Selenium-rich nutrient solution is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:30 parts of water, 1.5 parts of acetic acid, 15 parts of ferrous sulfate, citric acid 0.015 part of sodium, 1.5 parts of vitamin, 0.8 part of ammonium selenite, 0.3 part of selenomethionine, 1.5 parts of sodium selenate, 0.2 part of malic acid, shell 1 part of polysaccharide.
After the oil tea seedling is selected, before field planting, also include:
Oil tea seedling urges root:Oil tea seedling is placed in the aqueous solution of the potassium permanganate that mass fraction is 25% and soaks 30min, washing, then put it into and immersion 8h in root liquid is urged, pulled out, drain, standby;Described root liquid is urged by following weight Part raw material composition:7 parts of heteroauxin, 3 parts of double gills, 2 parts of diethyl aminoethyl hexanoate, 60 parts of water.
The selenium ore refers to a kind of or many containing selenium and zinc, molybdenum, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sodium, calcium, copper, chromium, silicon The selenium ore of composition is planted, wherein, Se content is not less than 200 μ g/kg.
The selenium-rich amino acid is 1 by mass ratio:1:1.8:0.3 seleno methanesulfanyl acid, selenomethionine, seleno Cysteine, gamma-glutamyl methylselenocysteinefrom composition.
The organic acid is 1 by mass ratio:1:0.3 tartaric acid, salicylic acid, butanedioic acid composition.
The biogas slurry contains hole nest Acaulospora, light wall Acaulospora, Ke Shi Acaulospora, Glomus mosseae, big fruit ball Capsule is mould, the hole nest Acaulospora, light wall Acaulospora, Ke Shi Acaulospora, Glomus mosseae, the mould spore density of big fruit sacculus Respectively 250/ml, 120/ml, 90/ml, 130/ml, 120/ml.
Embodiment 3
A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea, it is characterised in that include:
The betterment of land:Sandy land of the gradient within 25 ° is selected as kind of a soil is treated, turn over uniform, then press 80kg/ Mu applies betterment of land agent, keeps naturally 3d;And press the applying betterment of land agent of 60kg/ mu again, turn over uniform, keep naturally 20d, then applies the selenium-rich farm manure of 2200kg/ mu, rake fine earth ground, i.e., prepared improvement soil;
The betterment of land agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:10 parts of gypsum, 10 parts of cinnamon soil, 5 parts of ardealite, sulfuric acid Ferrous 20 parts, 30 parts of Cosan, 20 parts of weathered coal, 40 parts of water, 10 parts of zinc sulfate, 1 part of chitin, 0.5 part of carboxymethyl chitosan, 0.03 part of heparin, 0.05 part of sodium alginate, 0.1 part of chitosan, 0.05 part of sulfuric ester, phosphoesterase 30 .03 part, acetic acid 2 Part;
The preparation method of the selenium-rich farm manure is comprised the following steps:
Step A:First the phoenix tree leaf of thunder godvine that weight portion is 5 parts, 3 parts is crushed to 100 mesh, then with weight fraction is 60 parts of mass concentration is followed successively by 90%, 80%, 60% ethanol and is heated to reflux 10h at 70 DEG C, collects final residue and obtains To the first residue, and merge the extract for obtaining that flows back every time, obtain the first extract;
Step B:20 parts of soy meal, 20 parts of selenium-rich corn powder of straw, 10 parts of watermelon vine powder are mixed and are crushed to 100 mesh, add the water of the first residue and 500 parts, stir 20h, and the cellulase for adding EM bacterium, 3 parts that weight portion is 4 parts is produced Raw bacterium, 4 parts of protease producing strains, put it into 5 DEG C, relative humidity be to stand 20d in 80% environment, become first and mix Material;
Step C:By biogas slurry that weight portion is 80 parts, 50 parts of syrup, 5 parts of pig blood, 5 parts of selenium ore, 15 parts of richness Selenoaminoacid, 5 parts of selenium yeast, 1~2 part of selenide of carragheen are mixed, and are 70~80% in 20~30 DEG C, relative humidity Under conditions of 4~7d of sealing and standing, obtain the second batch mixing;
Step D:First batch mixing, the second batch mixing and the first extract are mixed, adds organic acid, 20 that weight portion is 10 parts The compound bacteria of part, at 25~32 DEG C, under the conditions of relative humidity is 70~80%, anaerobic fermentation 20d, inactivation, obtain final product selenium-rich farmers' Fertilizer;The compound bacteria is 1 by mass ratio:1:1.5 Trichoderma viride, Japanese head mold, aspergillus niger composition.
The implantation methods of described selenium-rich oil tea, also include:
Oil tea seedling is selected:Trunk diameter is selected in the nursery stock of 6.5cm;Nursery stock is connected root dig out, 2/5 fibrous root is cut off, Main root cuts off 1/3 length, obtains oil tea seedling, standby;
Field planting:By improvement soil by strain spacing 3m, the specification of line space 3m, cutting depth is 45cm, a diameter of 35cm Plant hole is planted, oil tea seedling is implanted into;
Water and fertilizer management:After field planting, when the moisture in the root soil of selenium-rich tea oil tree is less than 20%, pour once Water;Every 30 days, according to the ratio of 2kg/ strain, to the root of selenium-rich tea oil tree apply containing weight portion be 20 parts of composite fertilizers, 15 parts Selenium-rich nutrient solution and 50 parts of clear water mixture;After selenium-rich tea oil tree is yielded positive results, Selenium-rich nutrient solution is dilute with clear water After releasing 30 times, spray in the blade face of selenium-rich tea oil tree in the ratio of 0.7kg/ strain;In fructescence, by Selenium-rich nutrient solution with clearly Water dilutes 100 times, sprays in the blade face of selenium-rich tea oil tree in the ratio of 0.5kg/ strain, and 25 days before fruit maturation stop applying With;The Selenium-rich nutrient solution is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:40 parts of water, 2 parts of acetic acid, 20 parts of ferrous sulfate, sodium citrate 0.02 part, 2 parts of vitamin, 1 part of ammonium selenite, 0.5 part of selenomethionine, 2 parts of sodium selenate, 0.3 part of malic acid, 2 parts of chitin.
After the oil tea seedling is selected, before field planting, also include:
Oil tea seedling urges root:Oil tea seedling is placed in the aqueous solution of the potassium permanganate that mass fraction is 30% and soaks 40min, washing, then put it into and immersion 10h in root liquid is urged, pulled out, drain, standby;Described root liquid is urged by following heavy Amount part raw material composition:10 parts of heteroauxin, 5 parts of double gills, 3 parts of diethyl aminoethyl hexanoate, 80 parts of water.
The selenium ore is referred to containing selenium and zinc, molybdenum, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sodium, calcium, copper, chromium, one or more one-tenth of silicon The selenium ore for dividing, wherein, Se content is not less than 200 μ g/kg.
The selenium-rich amino acid is 1 by mass ratio:1.2:2:0.5 seleno methanesulfanyl acid, selenomethionine, seleno Cysteine, gamma-glutamyl methylselenocysteinefrom composition.
The organic acid is 1 by mass ratio:1.2:0.5 tartaric acid, salicylic acid, butanedioic acid composition.
The biogas slurry contains hole nest Acaulospora, light wall Acaulospora, Ke Shi Acaulospora, Glomus mosseae, big fruit ball Capsule is mould, the hole nest Acaulospora, light wall Acaulospora, Ke Shi Acaulospora, Glomus mosseae, the mould spore density of big fruit sacculus Respectively 300/ml, 150/ml, 100/ml, 150/ml, 130/ml.
Comparative example 1
According to using conventional method kind oil tea as a comparison case 1, be colonized latter 5 years after harvest, contrast with embodiment 1~3 Go out 1 data of table:
Impact of each embodiment of table 1 to oil tea survival rate and selenium content
Comparative example 1 Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3
Survival rate (%) 75.2 89.3 91.5 92.4
Selenium content (μ g/kg) 115 185 191 198
As can be seen from Table 1, by the present invention plant tea oil tree, after field planting survival rate 89%~93%, more than traditional skill The 75.2% of art;The present invention reaches 185~198 μ g per kg oil tea selenium content, higher than every kg oil tea selenium content of conventional method plantation 115 μ g, selenium content are increased up to 60%, improve the nutritional quality of oil tea, improve the added value of oil tea, increase household income, from And the breakthrough development of the whole camellia oleiferaindustry of drive, significantly improve the economic benefit of plantation banana.
Although embodiment of the present invention is disclosed as above, but its be not restricted in specification and embodiment listed With, it can be applied to various suitable the field of the invention completely, for those skilled in the art, can be easily Other modification is realized, therefore under the universal limited without departing substantially from claim and equivalency range, the present invention is not limited In specific details.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea, it is characterised in that include:
The betterment of land:Sandy land of the gradient within 25 ° is selected as kind of a soil is treated, turn over uniform, then press 50~80kg/ Mu applies betterment of land agent, keeps naturally 2~3d;And apply betterment of land agent by 30~60kg/ mu again, turn over uniform, from 10~20d is so kept, then applies the selenium-rich farm manure of 1500~2200kg/ mu, rake fine earth, that is, improvement soil is obtained;
The betterment of land agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:5~10 parts of gypsum, 5~10 parts of cinnamon soil, ardealite 2~5 Part, 10~20 parts of ferrous sulfate, 20~30 parts of Cosan, 10~20 parts of weathered coal, 20~40 parts of water, 5~10 parts of zinc sulfate, shell 0.5~1 part of polysaccharide, 0.2~0.5 part of carboxymethyl chitosan, 0.01~0.03 part of heparin, 0.02~0.05 part of sodium alginate, de- 0.05~0.1 part of chitosan, 0.01~0.05 part of sulfuric ester, phosphoesterase 30 .01~0.03 part, 1~2 part of acetic acid;
The preparation method of the selenium-rich farm manure is comprised the following steps:
Step A:First the phoenix tree leaf of thunder godvine that weight portion is 3~5 parts, 2~3 parts is crushed to 50~100 mesh, then uses weight Fraction be 40~60 parts of mass concentration be followed successively by 80~90%, 70~80%, 50~60% ethanol at 40~70 DEG C plus Heat 6~10h of backflow, collects final residue and obtains the first residue, and merge the extract for obtaining that flows back every time, obtain first and carry Take liquid;
Step B:By 10~20 parts of soy meal, 10~20 parts of selenium-rich corn powder of straw, 5~10 parts watermelon vine powder mix simultaneously 50~100 mesh are crushed to, the water of the first residue and 300~500 parts is added, 10~20h is stirred, weight portion is added for 2~4 parts EM bacterium, 1~3 part of cellulase producing bacteria, 2~4 parts of protease producing strains, put it into 25~35 DEG C, relative humidity For, in 60~80% environment, standing 10~20d, becoming the first batch mixing;
Step C:By biogas slurry that weight portion is 60~80 parts, 30~50 parts of syrup, 3~5 parts of pig blood, 2~5 parts of selenium ore deposit Stone, 10~15 parts of selenium-rich amino acid, 2~5 parts of selenium yeast, 1~2 part of selenide of carragheen are mixed, 20~30 DEG C, Relative humidity is 4~7d of sealing and standing under conditions of 70~80%, obtains the second batch mixing;
Step D:First batch mixing, the second batch mixing and the first extract are mixed, adds organic acid, 10 that weight portion is 5~10 parts ~20 parts of compound bacteria, at 25~32 DEG C, under the conditions of relative humidity is 70~80%, 10~20d of anaerobic fermentation, inactivation, obtain final product Selenium-rich farm manure;The compound bacteria is 1 by mass ratio:0.5~1:1~1.5 Trichoderma viride, Japanese head mold, aspergillus niger composition.
2. implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that also include:
Oil tea seedling is selected:Trunk diameter is selected in the nursery stock of 2.5~6.5cm;Nursery stock is connected root dig out, cut off 1/3~2/5 Fibrous root, main root cut off 1/4~1/3 length, obtain oil tea seedling, standby;
Field planting:Will improvement soil by strain spacing 3m, line space 3m specification, cutting depth be 20~45cm, a diameter of 15~ The kind plant hole of 35cm, oil tea seedling is implanted into;
Water and fertilizer management:After field planting, when the moisture in the root soil of selenium-rich tea oil tree is less than 15~20%, pour once Water;Every 20~30d, according to the ratio of 1~2kg/ strain, apply to the root of selenium-rich tea oil tree multiple for 10~20 parts containing weight portion Hefei, the mixture of the clear water of 10~15 parts of Selenium-rich nutrient solution and 30~50 parts;After selenium-rich tea oil tree is yielded positive results, by richness After selenium nutrient solution dilutes 20~30 times with clear water, spray in the blade face of selenium-rich tea oil tree in the ratio of 0.4~0.7kg/ strain;In fruit In the real maturity period, Selenium-rich nutrient solution is diluted 60~100 times with clear water, is sprayed in selenium-rich oil tea in the ratio of 0.2~0.5kg/ strain The blade face of tree, and 15~25d stops applying before fruit maturation;The Selenium-rich nutrient solution is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: 20~40 parts of water, 1~2 part of acetic acid, 10~20 parts of ferrous sulfate, 0.01~0.02 part of sodium citrate, 0.5~2 part of vitamin, Asia 0.5~1 part of ammonium selenate, 0.1~0.5 part of selenomethionine, 1~2 part of sodium selenate, 0.1~0.3 part of malic acid, chitin 0.5~2 Part.
3. implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that after oil tea seedling is selected, be colonized it Before, also include:
Oil tea seedling urges root:Oil tea seedling is placed in the aqueous solution of the potassium permanganate that mass fraction is 20~30% soak 20~ 40min, washing, then put it into and 5~10h of immersion in root liquid is urged, pulled out, drain, standby;Described root liquid is urged by following Raw material constitutes:5~10 parts of heteroauxin, 2~5 parts of double gills, 1~3 part of diethyl aminoethyl hexanoate, 40~80 parts of water.
4. implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the selenium ore refer to containing selenium and Zinc, molybdenum, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sodium, calcium, copper, chromium, the selenium ore of one or more composition of silicon, wherein, Se content is not less than 200μg/kg.
5. implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the selenium-rich amino acid by mass ratio is 1:0.8~1.2:1.5~2:0.1~0.5 seleno methanesulfanyl acid, selenomethionine, selenocysteine, γ-paddy ammonia Acyl methylselenocysteinefrom constitutes.
6. implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the organic acid is 1 by mass ratio: 0.8~1.2:0.1~0.5 tartaric acid, salicylic acid, butanedioic acid composition.
7. implantation methods of selenium-rich oil tea as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the biogas slurry contains hole nest nothing stalk capsule Mould, light wall Acaulospora, Ke Shi Acaulospora, Glomus mosseae, big fruit sacculus are mould, the hole nest Acaulospora, light wall nothing stalk Capsule is mould, Ke Shi Acaulospora, Glomus mosseae, the mould spore density of big fruit sacculus be respectively 200~300/ml, 100~150 Individual/ml, 80~100/ml, 120~150/ml, 100~130/ml.
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CN108849175A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-23 贵州环山农业资源开发有限公司 A kind of plantation of high yield oil tea and management method
CN109041984A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-12-21 松桃鑫山农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of selenium-enriched tea leaf implantation methods
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