CN105753575A - Method utilizing peat to produce nutrient soil and product - Google Patents

Method utilizing peat to produce nutrient soil and product Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105753575A
CN105753575A CN201610129141.2A CN201610129141A CN105753575A CN 105753575 A CN105753575 A CN 105753575A CN 201610129141 A CN201610129141 A CN 201610129141A CN 105753575 A CN105753575 A CN 105753575A
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China
Prior art keywords
peat
weight portion
mesh
humic acid
soil
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610129141.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陆智勇
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Yunnan Mutian Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Yunnan Mutian Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201610129141.2A priority Critical patent/CN105753575A/en
Publication of CN105753575A publication Critical patent/CN105753575A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The invention relates to a method utilizing peat to produce nutrient soil and a product.The nutrient soil comprises, by weight, 45-65 parts of peat, 7-10 parts of expanded perlite, 7-10 parts of vermiculite, 8-12 parts of nitro humic acid, 7-10 parts of plant growth regulator and 4-6 parts of attapulgite.Main ingredients of the nutrient soil include active nitro humic acid, expanded perlite and vermiculite, the product is reasonable in formulation, and vegetable yield can be increased remarkably.The nutrient soil produced by the method is simple in production process and rich in organic matter, trace elements and various nutrients needed for plant growth, has the characteristics of light weight, water retention, air permeation and stable temperature, is free of peculiar smell, bacteria, ova and weed seeds, easy for application by farmers, obvious in economic benefit, capable of improving facility soil environment, balancing crop nutrient and improving fruit-vegetable yield and quality and is conducive to sustainable utilization of facility soil.

Description

A kind of method utilizing peat to produce Nutrition Soil and product
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method utilizing peat to produce Nutrition Soil and product.
Background technology
Nutrition Soil be in order to meet seedling development and particular formulation containing multiple mineral nutrition, loose logical Gas, water conservation fertilizer-preserving ability are strong, native without the bed of pest and disease damage;This Nutrition Soil typically by fertile land for growing field crops soil with become thoroughly decomposed Barnyard manure mixed preparing forms.Then owing to traditional Nutrition Soil is only through sunlight exposure, there is no special sterilization step Suddenly, cause the plant that resistivity own is relatively low, because the germ of sunlight exposure residual is easily in intrusive body, Causing rotten, impact survives;To sowing for, harsh go out bud, resistance is the most weak, and microorganism can also The mouldy normal growth being unfavorable for nursery stock is caused to be grown.
Peat is a kind of atmospheric swamp ground product (being also called the peat composed of rotten mosses or mud coal), is the coal that degree of coalification is minimum, Also being simultaneously the most original state of coal, aseptic, nontoxic, pollution-free, venting capability is good, light weight, water holding, Fertilizer conservation, beneficially microbial activities, strengthen biological property, nutritious, is cultivation matrix, is again good Good soil mediator agent, and containing the highest organic matter, humic acid and nutrition.Existing peat due to Fail sufficiently to be developed, do not only result in the waste of resource, also can cause the pollution to environment.Cause This, aseptic, nontoxic, pollution-free to have, the peat of the multiple advantages such as venting capability is good is as nutrition soil matrix Matter is to substitute the improvement of fertile land for growing field crops soil;Add the components such as mineral matter on this basis, it is thus achieved that a kind of rich in having Machine matter, trace element and the required nutrient of various plants growth, have lightweight, water conservation, ventilative, temperature stabilization Characteristic, free from extraneous odour, Nutrition Soil aseptic, without worm's ovum, without ruderal species be research and development problem and direction.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes a kind of method utilizing peat to produce Nutrition Soil and product, improves the physicochemical property of soil, There is provided abundant nutritional labeling for various crops, to increase economic efficiency simultaneously.
For achieving the above object, a kind of peat Nutrition Soil of the present invention, including peat 45-65 weight portion, Expanded perlite 7-10 weight portion, vermiculite 7-10 weight portion, nitro humic acid 8-12 weight portion, plant life Long conditioning agent 7-10 weight portion, attapulgite 4-6 weight portion.
A kind of method utilizing peat to produce Nutrition Soil of the present invention, comprises the steps:
(1) by whole peat by 80 mesh sieves, the peat of 1/2 adds nitro humic acid and stirs, and maintains Temperature under 45~85 DEG C of environment quiet to 1-2 hour after, add and be broken to the expanded perlite of 80-120 mesh;
(2) vermiculite power is broken to 80-120 mesh, mixes with plant growth regulator under 18-28 DEG C of environment, standby With;
(3) by step (1) and step (2) products therefrom be broken to the attapulgite of 80-120 mesh, remaining 1/2 Peat mixes in proportion, is dried, is crushed to 60 mesh.
Described charcoal adds nitro humic acid and stirs, and maintains temperature quiet little to 1-2 under 45~85 DEG C of environment Time be under air-proof condition quiet extremely.
Described plant growth regulator is gibberellin, compound sodium nitrophenolate, kinetin, 6-benzylaminopurine, oil One in rape lactone or its combination.
Peat is also called the peat composed of rotten mosses or peat soil, and peat venting capability is good, light weight, water holding, fertilizer conservation, is conducive to Microbial activities, strengthens biological property, nutritious, is cultivation matrix, is again that good soil is reconciled Agent, and containing the highest organic matter, humic acid and nutrition, the peat after pulverizing be peat is dried with After pulverize, peat grain fineness≤2 millimeter after pulverizing, water content≤15% of peat.
Expanded perlite is expanded and becomes a kind of lightweight, multifunctional novel shaped material.Have apparent density light, The features such as thermal conductivity factor is low, chemical stability is good;There is fertilizer conservation, water conservation, aseptic, the feature of good permeability.
Vermiculite is after high-temperature roasting, and its volume energy expands rapidly several times to tens times, the leech after volumetric expansion Stone, expanded vermiculite, is one of the lightest mineral;Expanded vermiculite is used as soil conditioner, can improve The structure of soil, water storage preserves soil moisture, and improves the gas permeability of soil and the property of water-bearing, play fertilizer conservation, water conservation, water storage, The multiple actions such as ventilative and mineral fertilizer.
Nitro humic acid can improve the utilization rate of urea, improve soil aggregate, increases soil replacement amount, Delay the passivation of phosphorus, have the fertile function of fertilizer retention of storage, plant growth is had the regulation effect of wide spectrum, root system can be promoted Grow, improve the resistance of crop, increase Nutrient Absorption, beneficially plant growth.
Plant hormone is naturally occurring in referring to plant has the trace of remarkable effect to have plant growth, growth Machine material, also referred to as natural plant hormone or plant endogenous hormones.Its existence can affect and Effective Regulation The g and D of plant, including from cell growth, division, to taking root, germinate, bloom, solid, one-tenth Ripe and a series of plant life overall processes such as come off.
Attapulgite is as composite fertilizer's binding agent, and granulating and forming rate is high, and the time is short, and made granule strength is high, Surface smoothness is good, and the fertilizer conservation time is long, and the most this binding agent can improve production capacity.
Of the present invention a kind of utilizing peat to produce the method for Nutrition Soil and product, it has the beneficial effects that: former Material principal component includes activity nitro humic acid, expanded pearlite rock and vermiculite, and formula for a product is reasonable, significantly carries High yield of vegetables;Using the peat Nutrition Soil that this method produces, production technology is simple, rich in organic, micro- Secondary element and the required nutrient of various plants growth, have lightweight, water conservation, ventilative, the characteristic of temperature stabilization, Free from extraneous odour, aseptic, without worm's ovum, be prone to application without ruderal species peasant, economic benefit is obvious, improves facility soil Earth environment, balances crop nutrition content, improves fruits and vegetables yield and quality, beneficially soil in protected field sustainable use.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
A kind of peat Nutrition Soil, including peat 65 weight portion, expanded perlite 10 weight portion, vermiculite 7 weight Amount part, nitro humic acid 8 weight portion, gibberellin 7 weight portion, attapulgite 4 weight portion.
A kind of method utilizing peat to produce Nutrition Soil of the present invention, comprises the steps:
(1) by whole peat by 80 mesh sieves, the peat of 1/2 adds nitro humic acid and stirs, and maintains Temperature, after 45~85 DEG C of environment lower seals were quiet to 1-2 hour, adds the expanded perlite being broken to 80-120 mesh;
(2) vermiculite power is broken to 80 mesh, mixes with gibberellin under 18 DEG C of environment, standby;
(3) by step (1) and step (2) products therefrom be broken to the attapulgite of 80 mesh, remaining 1/2 mud Charcoal mixes in proportion, is dried, is crushed to 60 mesh.
Embodiment 2
A kind of peat Nutrition Soil, including peat 45 weight portion, expanded perlite 10 weight portion, vermiculite 10 weight Amount part, nitro humic acid 12 weight portion, compound sodium nitrophenolate 10 weight portion, attapulgite 6 weight portion.
A kind of method utilizing peat to produce Nutrition Soil of the present invention, comprises the steps:
(1) by whole peat by 80 mesh sieves, the peat of 1/2 adds nitro humic acid and stirs, and maintains Temperature is quiet after 2 hours under 85 DEG C of environment, adds the expanded perlite being broken to 120 mesh;
(2) vermiculite power is broken to 120 mesh, mixes with compound sodium nitrophenolate under 28 DEG C of environment, standby;
(3) by step (1) and step (2) products therefrom be broken to the attapulgite of 120 mesh, remaining 1/2 mud Charcoal mixes in proportion, is dried, is crushed to 60 mesh.
Embodiment 3
A kind of peat Nutrition Soil, including peat 50 weight portion, expanded perlite 8 weight portion, vermiculite 8 weight Part, nitro humic acid 10 weight portion, kinetin 8 weight portion, attapulgite 5 weight portion.
A kind of method utilizing peat to produce Nutrition Soil of the present invention, comprises the steps:
(1) by whole peat by 80 mesh sieves, the peat of 1/2 adds nitro humic acid and stirs, and maintains Temperature is quiet after 1.5 hours under 60 DEG C of environment, adds the expanded perlite being broken to 100 mesh;
(2) vermiculite power is broken to 100 mesh, mixes with kinetin under 25 DEG C of environment, standby;
(3) by step (1) and step (2) products therefrom be broken to the attapulgite of 100 mesh, remaining 1/2 mud Charcoal mixes in proportion, is dried, is crushed to 60 mesh.
Embodiment 4
A kind of peat Nutrition Soil, including peat 60 weight portion, expanded perlite 9 weight portion, vermiculite 9 weight Part, nitro humic acid 11 weight portion, brassinosteroid 9 weight portion, attapulgite 4 weight portion.
A kind of method utilizing peat to produce Nutrition Soil of the present invention, comprises the steps:
(1) by whole peat by 80 mesh sieves, the peat of 1/2 adds nitro humic acid and stirs, and maintains Temperature is quiet after 1.5 hours under 80 DEG C of environment, adds the expanded perlite being broken to 110 mesh;
(2) vermiculite power is broken to 110 mesh, mixes with brassinosteroid under 25 DEG C of environment, standby;
(3) by step (1) and step (2) products therefrom be broken to the attapulgite of 110 mesh, remaining 1/2 mud Charcoal mixes in proportion, is dried, is crushed to 60 mesh.
Embodiment 5
A kind of peat Nutrition Soil, including peat 55 weight portion, expanded perlite 7 weight portion, vermiculite 10 weight Amount part, nitro humic acid 8 weight portion, plant growth regulator 10 weight portion, attapulgite 4 weight portion.
A kind of method utilizing peat to produce Nutrition Soil of the present invention, comprises the steps:
(1) by whole peat by 80 mesh sieves, the peat of 1/2 adds nitro humic acid and stirs, and maintains Temperature, after 45 DEG C of environment lower seals were quiet to 1-2 hour, adds the expanded perlite being broken to 120 mesh;
(2) vermiculite power is broken to 80 mesh, mixes with brassinosteroid under 28 DEG C of environment, standby;
(3) by step (1) and step (2) products therefrom be broken to the attapulgite of 80 mesh, remaining 1/2 mud Charcoal mixes in proportion, is dried, is crushed to 60 mesh.

Claims (5)

1. a peat Nutrition Soil, it is characterised in that: include peat 45-65 weight portion, expanded perlite 7-10 Weight portion, vermiculite 7-10 weight portion, nitro humic acid 8-12 weight portion, plant growth regulator 7-10 weight Amount part, attapulgite 4-6 weight portion.
2. a kind of peat Nutrition Soil as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: include peat 55 weight Part, expanded perlite 8 weight portion, vermiculite 7 weight portion, nitro humic acid 12 weight portion, plant growth are adjusted Joint agent 10 weight portion, attapulgite 5 weight portion.
A kind of method utilizing peat to produce Nutrition Soil, comprises the steps:
(1) by whole peat by 80 mesh sieves, the peat of 1/2 adds nitro humic acid and stirs, and maintains Temperature under 45~85 DEG C of environment quiet to 1-2 hour after, add and be broken to the expanded perlite of 80-120 mesh;
(2) vermiculite power is broken to 80-120 mesh, mixes with plant growth regulator under 18-28 DEG C of environment, standby With;
(3) by step (1) and step (2) products therefrom be broken to the attapulgite of 80-120 mesh, remaining 1/2 Peat mixes in proportion, is dried, is crushed to 60 mesh.
A kind of method utilizing peat to produce Nutrition Soil, it is characterised in that: institute Stating charcoal addition nitro humic acid to stir, maintaining temperature is close in quiet to 1-2 hour under 45~85 DEG C of environment Under the conditions of envelope quiet extremely.
A kind of method utilizing peat to produce Nutrition Soil, it is characterised in that: institute State in plant growth regulator is gibberellin, compound sodium nitrophenolate, kinetin, 6-benzylaminopurine, rape element One in ester or its combination.
CN201610129141.2A 2016-03-08 2016-03-08 Method utilizing peat to produce nutrient soil and product Pending CN105753575A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610129141.2A CN105753575A (en) 2016-03-08 2016-03-08 Method utilizing peat to produce nutrient soil and product

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106590679A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-04-26 姚均甫 Organic mineral modifying agent
CN106831206A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-06-13 明光市外泰高分子材料有限公司 A kind of concave convex rod Nutrition Soil of confession crops seedling development and preparation method thereof
CN107266231A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-10-20 界首市惠康生物技术研发中心 A kind of special pest-resistant organic nutrient soil of Chinese rose and preparation method thereof
CN107926458A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-04-20 东北师范大学 A kind of method of degeneration bog plantation Cranberry
CN108059541A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-05-22 厦门市银农种苗有限公司 A kind of seedling medium and preparation method thereof
CN108083931A (en) * 2016-11-21 2018-05-29 四川大巴山生态农业开发有限公司 A kind of soilless culture substrate of organic strawberry

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103039330A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-04-17 中国科学院南京土壤研究所 Formula of tray substrate for fast rooting of jade color osmanthus cuttings and application thereof
CN103145486A (en) * 2011-12-06 2013-06-12 罗国征 Compound fertilizer
CN104262058A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-01-07 广西博白县琼达农业科技有限公司 Peanut fertilizer

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103145486A (en) * 2011-12-06 2013-06-12 罗国征 Compound fertilizer
CN103039330A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-04-17 中国科学院南京土壤研究所 Formula of tray substrate for fast rooting of jade color osmanthus cuttings and application thereof
CN104262058A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-01-07 广西博白县琼达农业科技有限公司 Peanut fertilizer

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108083931A (en) * 2016-11-21 2018-05-29 四川大巴山生态农业开发有限公司 A kind of soilless culture substrate of organic strawberry
CN106590679A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-04-26 姚均甫 Organic mineral modifying agent
CN106831206A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-06-13 明光市外泰高分子材料有限公司 A kind of concave convex rod Nutrition Soil of confession crops seedling development and preparation method thereof
CN107266231A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-10-20 界首市惠康生物技术研发中心 A kind of special pest-resistant organic nutrient soil of Chinese rose and preparation method thereof
CN107926458A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-04-20 东北师范大学 A kind of method of degeneration bog plantation Cranberry
CN108059541A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-05-22 厦门市银农种苗有限公司 A kind of seedling medium and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20160713