CN106717999B - A kind of implantation methods cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106717999B
CN106717999B CN201710066176.0A CN201710066176A CN106717999B CN 106717999 B CN106717999 B CN 106717999B CN 201710066176 A CN201710066176 A CN 201710066176A CN 106717999 B CN106717999 B CN 106717999B
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cured tobacco
tobacco
flue
root
continuous cropping
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CN106717999A (en
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卜令铎
李江舟
张立猛
崔永和
计思贵
焦永鸽
代快
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YUNAN TOBACCO Co YUXI BRANCH
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YUNAN TOBACCO Co YUXI BRANCH
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/04Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom
    • A01N43/06Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom five-membered rings
    • A01N43/12Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom five-membered rings condensed with a carbocyclic ring
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers
    • C05F11/08Organic fertilisers containing added bacterial cultures, mycelia or the like
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of implantation methods for cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco, belong to flue-cured tobacco cultivation technical field, specific steps are as follows: deep plough to tobacco-growing soil, then applications of farmyard manure applies fertilizer to the subsoil;It is integrally irrigated using tobacco seedlings liquid manure;The flue-cured tobacco transplanting phase applies ferment biological charcoal in the cigarette pool;Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 microbial inoculum is dissolved by root water, and is poured in the cigarette pool;Before flue-cured tobacco transplanting, bacteria suspension is made in PGPR dissolving phosphor and dissolving potassium Promoting bacteria, and cigarette strain root is dipped in bacteria suspension completely, then transplants;Carry out field management;Flue-cured tobacco Topping Stage sprays flue-cured tobacco hacking agent to upper blade;Organic blade face potash fertilizer is sprayed after topping.The present invention solves the problems, such as that soil texture and physicochemical property deteriorate, flue-cured tobacco root system development is bad, cigarette strain growth and development and nutrient uptake and utilization are limited after Continuous Tobacco Cropping, the decline of tobacco production and value amount, pass through the application of this technology, the dyskinetic underproduction that Succession Cropping of Flue _ cured Tobacco generates, raising while realizing yield of flue-cured tobacco, quality, fertilizer efficiency are solved to the full extent.

Description

A kind of implantation methods cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco
Technical field
The invention belongs to flue-cured tobacco cultivation technical fields, specifically, being related to a kind of plantation side for cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco Method.
Background technique
Cigarette district land resource is in short supply, and the continuous cropping phenomenon in cured tobacco production is very universal.And tobacco is a kind of warp for avoiding continuous cropping Ji crop, long-term continuous cropping deteriorate the imbalance of vega soil nutrient, physicochemical property, and pest and disease damage takes place frequently, and generation is serious etc., meanwhile, root Be that the allelopathic Auto toxicity of secretion declines soil microbe quantity and its diversity, so as to cause tobacco root development by Resistance, the decline that cigarette strain growing way reduces, yield and quality is different degrees of.Currently, continuous cropping obstacle, which has become, restricts yield of flue-cured tobacco and product The key that matter is further promoted.However, by the single measure such as rational application of fertilizers, irrigation, intertillage being difficult to that continuous cropping obstacle is effectively relieved Limitation, there is an urgent need to a kind of technical systems of alleviation continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco that can be effective, improve the roasting of continuous cropping tobacco field Cigarette yield and quality, it is ensured that sound tobacco produces sustainable and healthy development.
The most fundamental problem of continuous cropping tobacco field is that soil environment deteriorates, and shows as nutrient imbalance, physicochemical property deteriorates, soil is micro- Biology is unbalance etc., directly limitation flue-cured tobacco root growth and development, leads to the Nutrient Absorption and retarded growth of cigarette strain.It is effective Improvement continuous cropping vega soil physicochemical property, be promote cigarette strain growth, improve tobacco leaf quality fundamental way.Succession Cropping of Flue _ cured Tobacco Lead to cigarette strain growth restriction, directly translate into overground part slow growth, cigarette strain is relatively short and small, and leaf development is bad.Continuous cropping The imbalance of vega soil nutrient, cigarette strain undergrowth further limit tobacco growth and soil potassium are absorbed and utilized.
Therefore, it is necessary to propose a kind of planting technology for cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco, it is ensured that sound tobacco exploitation and raw material That supplies is sustainable.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems, such as background technique, the present invention provides a kind of plantation sides for cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco Method, solves after Continuous Tobacco Cropping that soil texture and physicochemical property deteriorate, flue-cured tobacco root system development is bad, cigarette strain growth and development and nutrient The problem of limited, tobacco production and value amount declines is absorbed and utilized, realizes the improvement of Trace Elements in Rhizosphere Soil of Flue-Cured Tobacco physicochemical property, the regulation fast fast-growing of root system Long development improves cigarette strain field Nutrient Absorption, ensures cigarette strain growth water demand, promote upper tobacco leaf hacking, improve middle and upper part Quality of tobacco, also, by the application of this technology, the dyskinetic underproduction that Succession Cropping of Flue _ cured Tobacco generates is solved to the full extent, is realized It is improved while yield of flue-cured tobacco, quality, fertilizer efficiency.
To achieve the above object, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of implantation methods cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco, specific steps are as follows:
1) site preparation: deep ploughing to tobacco-growing soil, then applications of farmyard manure applies fertilizer to the subsoil;
2) drip irrigation facilities arrange: use tobacco seedlings water and fertilizer irrigation, according to tobacco field specification install water pump, supervisor, branch pipe, hollow billet and Corresponding pipe fitting beats drip irrigation hole in the two sides of branch pipe according to cigarette strain line-spacing, spacing in the rows;
3) it transplants:
A. the flue-cured tobacco transplanting phase applies ferment biological charcoal in the cigarette pool;
B. bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 microbial inoculum is dissolved by root water, and poured in the cigarette pool;
C. before flue-cured tobacco transplanting, bacteria suspension is made in PGPR dissolving phosphor and dissolving potassium Promoting bacteria, and cigarette strain root is dipped in bacteria suspension completely, and 5 It is transplanted after minute, remaining bacteria suspension pouring root applies;
4) field management: also seedling stage looks into seedling in time, except weak seedling, mends strong sprout, prevents and treats subterranean pest-insect;The prosperous growth phase carries out moisture pipe Film ridging is taken off in reason, prevention waterlogging of taking precautions against drought in due course;Squaring period binds in due course;Maturity period keeps tobacco field to drain unobstructed, timely collecting tobacco leaf;
5) fertilizing management:
A. flue-cured tobacco Topping Stage sprays flue-cured tobacco hacking agent to upper blade;
B. organic blade face potash fertilizer is sprayed after pinching.
Preferably, up to 20~30 ㎝, farmyard manure amount of application is 200~300 ㎏/mu for the arable layer of deep ploughing in step 1).
Preferably, the dosage of ferment biological charcoal is 100g/ plants in a operation of step 3), when application, mixes with pool soil It is even, realize the improvement of Trace Elements in Rhizosphere Soil of Flue-Cured Tobacco physicochemical property.
In the b operation of step 3), 2 ㎏ root waters are dissolved in by 0.5ml/ plants and are administered, energy Effective Regulation flue-cured tobacco root system is fast Fast growth and development.
In the c operation of step 3), bacteria suspension is watered by 1:1000 solid-to-liquid ratio and is formulated, and amount of application is 0.1g/ plants, can be had Activating soil nutrient is imitated, cigarette strain field Nutrient Absorption is improved.
Preferably, flue-cured tobacco hacking agent uses gibberellin in a operation of step 5), spraying concentration is 20 ㎎/L, to promote Upper tobacco leaf hacking.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
The present invention is obvious to the effect for alleviating continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco, and the application of ferment biological charcoal significantly improves flue-cured tobacco rhizosphere Soil physico-chemical property increases carbon-nitrogen ratio, increases soil porosity, reduces volume weight of soils, improves maximum water holding capacity, improves soil Earth microbial environment;Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 microbial inoculum is obviously promoted the growth and development of flue-cured tobacco root system, root system overall length, root table Area and root volume dramatically increase;Application effective activation soil phophorus, the potassium nutrition of PGPR dissolving phosphor and dissolving potassium Promoting bacteria, improve flue-cured tobacco Absorption to soil phophorus, potassium;The application of water-fertilizer integral dropper facility ensures the moisture supply in tobacco growth period, maximum journey The coupling of the soil water-fertilizer is coordinated on degree;Gibberellin (GA3) significantly increases Upper Leaf of Flue-cured Tobacco area as hacking agent, significantly Promote upper leaf hacking;Organic blade face potash fertilizer, which sprays, increases upper leaf hacking effect, further promotes cigarette strain middle and upper part leaf Quality.
The method of the present invention is easy to operate under conditions of not changing cured tobacco production general technical regulation, can effectively increase Yield of flue-cured tobacco, quality and fertilizer utilization efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is flue-cured tobacco biomass of individual tree cumulative process figure.
Specific embodiment
A kind of implantation methods cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco, specific steps are as follows:
1) site preparation: deep ploughing to tobacco-growing soil, and arable layer is up to 20~30 ㎝, applications of farmyard manure, farmyard manure amount of application 200~300 ㎏/mu, farmyard manure and topsoil soils carry out reason moisture in the soil dig reservoir after mixing, then apply fertilizer to the subsoil by fertilizer practice requirement.
2) drip irrigation facilities arrange: use tobacco seedlings water and fertilizer irrigation, according to tobacco field specification install water pump, supervisor, branch pipe, hollow billet and Corresponding pipe fitting connects the petrol engine and molten rich water case (bucket) of removable vehicle frame, according to cigarette strain line-spacing, spacing in the rows, in branch pipe Drip irrigation hole is beaten in two sides, and examination water detects whether dress jail or leak, adjusts liquid manure sowing amount and weight.
3) it transplants:
A. the flue-cured tobacco transplanting phase carries out tobacco field and manages moisture in the soil, dig reservoir, and high 30cm of moisture in the soil or so, pool size is about 40 × 40cm, spacing in the rows 50cm, line-spacing 1.2m weigh 100g/ plants of ferment biological charcoals, apply in the pool together with base manure, and charcoal and base manure are mixed with pool soil It is even;
The ferment biological charcoal preferably uses the vinasse after paddy ferment wine brewing for raw material, 600~700 in calcining furnace DEG C high temperature cracks 2~3 minutes, and water drenching cleaning, water content≤45% is formed by product by 1.00mm testing sieve, carbon containing Amount >=30%, silicon content >=25%, content of ashes≤20%, nutrient content (nitrogen+phosphorus pentoxide+potassium oxide) >=6% have Increase soil porosity, reduce the soil weight, improves maximum water holding capacity, increase the effect of the gas permeability of soil, it can be significant SOIL CARBON AND NITROGEN ratio is improved, edaphon environment is improved, tobacco growth and yield is promoted to be promoted.
B. bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 microbial inoculum is dissolved by root water, and poured in the cigarette pool, and one layer of thin soil of lid;
C. before flue-cured tobacco transplanting, bacteria suspension is made in PGPR dissolving phosphor and dissolving potassium Promoting bacteria, and cigarette strain root is dipped in bacteria suspension completely, and 5 It is transplanted after minute, remaining bacteria suspension pouring root applies.
4) field management: also seedling stage looks into seedling in time, except weak seedling, mends strong sprout, it is ensured that field plant is complete, attention control underground evil Worm;Group's phase pays attention to preventing virus diseases, bacillary, fungal disease and subterranean pest-insect, shallow hoe intertillage;The prosperous growth phase carries out moisture pipe Reason, prevention waterlogging of taking precautions against drought, take off in due course film ridging, in conjunction with intertill, mention ditch, top dressing, application, ridging carry out, accomplish moisture in the soil put down, moisture in the soil is wide, ditch is straight, It is native thin, it drains unobstructed;Squaring period binds in due course, determines reasonable leaves remained in conjunction with breediness and tobacco field fertility supply situation, It thoroughly beats after topping except axillary bud, continues to carry out prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control work;Maturity period keeps tobacco field draining unobstructed, accomplishes moisture in the soil without miscellaneous Grass, ditch have supported maturity, timely collecting tobacco leaf without ponding;
By drip irrigation equipment Controlled irrigation amount, also seedling stage guarantees soil moisture 60% or so;Prosperous growth phase cigarette strain needs water most It is more, moisture should be suitably fed according to cigarette alley feelings, promote stem elongation and blade hacking;It is not required to if squaring period such as precipitation abundance It irrigates, pays attention to water drainage, if continuing 15d without precipitation, to be irrigated, prevent bottom from drying;Maturity period, which encounters arid, to supplement in right amount Moisture.
5) fertilizing management:
A. flue-cured tobacco Topping Stage sprays flue-cured tobacco hacking agent, spraying concentration 20mg/L, 3 days after flue-cured tobacco topping to upper blade It is interior, fair weather is selected, cigarette strain top 1-6 piece leaf front is sprayed on, accomplishes to spray uniformly, do not leak strain, do not leak leaf.
B. organic blade face potash fertilizer is sprayed after pinching, according to set dosage and concentration, is weighed with weighing-appliance or graduated cylinder etc., really It is accurate to protect K ion concentration, stirs evenly, general fine day selection is administered in 8:30~11:00 or 16:00~7:30, avoids noon High temperature period accomplishes to spray uniformly, does not leak strain, do not leak leaf.
Experimental analysis
Carry out field trial, is the main cultivation flue-cured tobacco cultivars K326 of Yuxi, 65 days tobacco seedlings of floating seedlings for examination flue-cured tobacco cultivars;Soil Earth type is local typical red, pH value 7.15, organic matter 10.1g/kg, available nitrogen 28.63mg/kg, available phosphorus 3.54mg/ Kg, effective potassium 51.16mg/kg.
3 processing of test setting:
General planting (T1), flue-cured tobacco transplanting phase carry out tobacco field and manage moisture in the soil, dig reservoir, high 30cm of moisture in the soil or so, and pool size is about 40 × 40cm, spacing in the rows 50cm, line-spacing 1.2m.First apply base manure in the pool, puddled uniformly with pool soil, 2kg root water is uniformly poured on every pool, plant into Tobacco seedlings, most one layer of thin soil of rear cover.The field management such as other top dressings, intertillage, weeding are unified according to local high-quality tobacco production technology Regulation carries out.
The prior art (T2) for coping with continuous cropping obstacle applies 200kg/ mus of farmers' in the flue-cured tobacco transplanting phase on the basis of T1 Fertilizer as base manure and standard biologic charcoal (be that raw material is fired using bagasse, carbonization temperature is 500~600 DEG C, without washing, Finished product phosphorus content 50~60%) 100g/ plants.After cigarette strain binds, clear water is dissolved in potassium sulfate, is configured to the blade face that concentration is 3% Potash fertilizer sprays the whole strain blade of flue-cured tobacco.
The integrated technology (T3) for cracking continuous cropping obstacle applies 200kg/ mus of farmers' in the flue-cured tobacco transplanting phase on the basis of T1 Fertilizer is as base manure and ferment biological charcoal (firing by raw material of vinasse, calcination temperature is 600~700 DEG C, is cleaned through water drenching) 100g/ plants, while bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 microbial inoculum and dissolving phosphor and dissolving potassium Promoting bacteria are dissolved in 2kg root water and poured into.After transplanting It is laid with water-fertilizer integral drip irrigation equipment, quantitative water tune fertilizer.It is that 20mg/L flue-cured tobacco hacking agent is (red mould by concentration after cigarette strain binds Element) and 3% organic blade face potash fertilizer mix, spray the whole strain blade of flue-cured tobacco.
Each processing cell takes up an area 1 mu, plants 1100 plants of cigarette, using RANDOMIZED BLOCK DESIGN, repeats three times.Each processing.Specifically Test process is shown in Table 1.
Table 1 cracks continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco integrated technology experimental design
During test, flue-cured tobacco transplanting, the group, the date buddingged and harvested of each processing are recorded;In flue-cured tobacco group the phase and Squaring period investigates each processing field tobacco agronomy character, carries out to plant height, stem girth, leaves number, maximum leaf length, maximum width of blade Measurement;At the end of flue-cured tobacco group, buddingging and harvesting, each processing chooses 10 plants, washes down soil with water, obtains each processing cigarette strain Complete root system, each processing root system sample weigh single plant weight of root system in indoor 105 DEG C of water-removings 15min, 60 DEG C of drying.
Upper leaf investigation: uniform 10 plants of growing way representative cigarette strains are chosen in each processing, unify picking time in upper leaf, The hacking situation of 1~6 upper leaf is investigated, leaf length, leaf width and the leaf for measuring every blade are thick.Output statistics: tobacco leaf After harvesting, counts each processing single plant tobacco leaf and respectively handle the economic characters such as flue-cured tobacco per mu yield, per mu yield value, better-than-average, first-class cigarette ratio It is counted.The measurement of tobacco leaf chemical quality: taking each processing C3F and B2F tobacco leaf, measures total nitrogen, total potassium, total reducing sugar, reduced sugar, nicotine Content.
As a result with analysis:
Everywhere in Fig. 1 manage cigarette strain growth course analysis shows, compared with general planting (T1), the prior art (T2) and Integrated technology (T3) processing cigarette strain dry-matter accumulation amount is all remarkably higher than T1, and each growthdevelopmental stage handles maximum with integrated technology, With flue-cured tobacco breeding time promote, difference between processing and be gradually increased.Further analyze the stage dry matter product of flue-cured tobacco root, stem, leaf Respectively processing cigarette strain dry-matter accumulation is based on tobacco leaf for tired discovery, also seedling stage (transplanting -), existing compared with general planting (T1) There are technology (T2) flue-cured tobacco root, stem, leaf dry-matter accumulation amount to dramatically increase;Integrated technology (T3) handles flue-cured tobacco root, stem, leaf dry Matter accumulation is higher than T2, and tobacco leaf accounting increases.Prosperous growth phase (group-budding) prior art (T2) Flue-cured amount of dry matter is obvious Higher than T1, and root, stem and T1 difference are little;Integrated technology (T3) significantly improves flue-cured tobacco root, stem, leaf dry-matter accumulation amount, increases Width is apparently higher than T2;Maturity period T2, T3 flue-cured tobacco each section dry-matter accumulation amount of (buddingging-harvest) significantly improves, with existing skill Art (T2) is compared, the equal highest of dry-matter accumulation amount of integrated technology (T3) flue-cured tobacco each section.
2 flue-cured tobacco of table rolls into a ball a phase economical character
Note: same column difference lowercase letter indication difference is significant (p < 0.05), similarly hereinafter
3 flue-cured tobacco squaring period economical character of table
The phase economical character investigation of flue-cured tobacco group can be seen that continuous cropping tobacco field conventional treatment (T1) each economical character is equal from table 2 It is minimum.Prior art measure (T2) and integrated technical measures (T3) processing significantly promote cigarette strain growth, flue-cured tobacco plant height, stem Enclose, leaves number and maximum leaf length and width are all remarkably higher than conventional fertilizer application (T1) processing, each character is handled most with integrated technology (T3) Greatly.Flue-cured tobacco squaring period economical character investigation result is similar with group's phase investigation result in table 3, and difference further increases between processing. The facilitation that integrated technology processing (T3) grows flue-cured tobacco middle and later periods cigarette strain is more obvious, and each economical character is all remarkably higher than often Rule plantation and prior art processing.
4 flue-cured tobacco Output value of table
Each processing flue-cured tobacco yield and quality is as shown in table 4, and compared with general planting (T1), the prior art handles (T2) medium grade cigarette and produces Amount and ratio are remarkably decreased, and first-class cigarette and ratio, Output value greatly improve;Under integrated based process (T3) medium grade cigarette and ratio Drop, and other indexs are significantly higher than prior art processing (T2).Prior art processing can significantly improve purgatory tobacco field tobacco leaf Yield promotes the mutually first-class cigarette conversion of medium grade cigarette, quality of tobacco is improved, to greatly improve the output value;The increasing yield and improving quality of integrated technology Effect is apparently higher than the prior art.
5 tobacco leaf intrinsic chemical ingredient of table
Respectively handling in tobacco leaf from table 5 can be seen that in constituent analysis, compared with conventional fertilizer application (T1), existing HORMONE TREATMENT (T2) absorption of the tobacco leaf to nutrient element is promoted, N, P, K and nicotine content significantly increase, total reducing sugar, content of reducing sugar decline, from And tobacco leaf sugar/alkali and nitrogen/alkali tend to coordinate.Integrated technology (T3) processing tobacco leaf N, P, K, nicotine nutrient are slightly above T2, two sugar Content further declines, so that its tobacco leaf sugar/alkali and nitrogen/alkali are close to best proportion (sugar/alkali ≈ 10, nitrogen/alkali ≈ 0.9).It is integrated Technology effectively improves quality of tobacco, while the ratio of tobacco leaf ingredient being promoted to be optimal tobacco leaf level.
To sum up illustrate, the present invention solve soil texture and physicochemical property after Continuous Tobacco Cropping deteriorate, flue-cured tobacco root system development not The problem of good, cigarette strain growth and development and nutrient uptake and utilization are limited, tobacco production and value amount declines, passes through the application of this technology, maximum The dyskinetic underproduction that Succession Cropping of Flue _ cured Tobacco generates, raising while realizing yield of flue-cured tobacco, quality, fertilizer efficiency are solved in degree.
Finally, it is stated that preferred embodiment above is only used to illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention and not to limit it, although logical It crosses above preferred embodiment the present invention is described in detail, however, those skilled in the art should understand that, can be Various changes are made to it in form and in details, without departing from claims of the present invention limited range.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of implantation methods for cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco, it is characterised in that: specific steps are as follows:
1) site preparation: deep ploughing to tobacco-growing soil, then applications of farmyard manure applies fertilizer to the subsoil;
2) drip irrigation facilities are arranged: being used tobacco seedlings water and fertilizer irrigation, installed water pump, supervisor, branch pipe, hollow billet and corresponding according to tobacco field specification Pipe fitting beats drip irrigation hole in the two sides of branch pipe according to cigarette strain line-spacing, spacing in the rows;
3) it transplants:
A. the flue-cured tobacco transplanting phase applies ferment biological charcoal, after the ferment biological charcoal uses paddy ferment wine brewing in the cigarette pool Vinasse are raw material, 600 ~ 700 DEG C of high temperature in calcining furnace, are cracked 2 ~ 3 minutes, and water drenching cleaning, water content≤45% passes through 1.00 ㎜ testing sieve is formed by product, phosphorus content >=30%, silicon content >=25%, content of ashes≤20% ,+five phosphorous oxides of nitrogen+oxidation Potassium >=6%;
B. bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 microbial inoculum is dissolved by root water, and poured in the cigarette pool;
C. before flue-cured tobacco transplanting, bacteria suspension is made in PGPR dissolving phosphor and dissolving potassium Promoting bacteria, and cigarette strain root is dipped in bacteria suspension completely, and 5 minutes After transplanted, remaining bacteria suspension pouring root applies;
4) field management: also seedling stage looks into seedling in time, except weak seedling, mends strong sprout, prevents and treats subterranean pest-insect;The prosperous growth phase carries out water management, It takes precautions against drought prevention waterlogging, takes off film ridging in due course;Squaring period binds in due course;Maturity period keeps tobacco field to drain unobstructed, timely collecting tobacco leaf;
5) fertilizing management: a. flue-cured tobacco Topping Stage sprays flue-cured tobacco hacking agent to upper blade;B. organic blade face potassium is sprayed after pinching Fertilizer.
2. a kind of implantation methods for cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in step 1), Up to 20 ~ 30 ㎝, farmyard manure amount of application is 200 ~ 300 ㎏/mu for the arable layer of deep ploughing.
3. a kind of implantation methods for cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: a of step 3) In operation, the dosage of ferment biological charcoal is 100g/ plants, and when application is uniformly mixed with pool soil.
4. a kind of implantation methods for cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the b of step 3) In operation, 2 ㎏ root waters are dissolved in by 0.5ml/ plants and are administered.
5. a kind of implantation methods for cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the c of step 3) In operation, bacteria suspension is watered by 1:1000 solid-to-liquid ratio and is formulated, and amount of application is 0.1g/ plants.
6. a kind of implantation methods for cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: a of step 5) In operation, flue-cured tobacco hacking agent uses gibberellin, and spraying concentration is 20 ㎎/L.
CN201710066176.0A 2017-02-06 2017-02-06 A kind of implantation methods cracking continuous cropping obstacle of cured tobacco Active CN106717999B (en)

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CN108990499A (en) * 2018-09-21 2018-12-14 河南农业大学 Take into account the tobacco cultivation fertilizing method that tobacco field improvement is promoted with quality of tobacco
CN109232100A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-01-18 云南省烟草公司玉溪市公司 A kind of continuous-cropping tobacco is improved the soil the carbon-based functional fertilizer of promoting root growth type ferment and its method of administration
CN111492903A (en) * 2020-06-04 2020-08-07 广东药科大学 Field cultivation method for relieving continuous cropping obstacle of andrographis paniculata
CN112640613A (en) * 2020-08-25 2021-04-13 云南农业大学 Method for maintaining soil fertility of tobacco continuous cropping

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