CN104823666A - Cutting propagation method of tea-oil trees - Google Patents

Cutting propagation method of tea-oil trees Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104823666A
CN104823666A CN201510240785.4A CN201510240785A CN104823666A CN 104823666 A CN104823666 A CN 104823666A CN 201510240785 A CN201510240785 A CN 201510240785A CN 104823666 A CN104823666 A CN 104823666A
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China
Prior art keywords
cuttings
seedbed
tea
cutting
oil
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CN201510240785.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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黄旭胜
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黄旭胜
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Priority to CN201510240785.4A priority Critical patent/CN104823666A/en
Publication of CN104823666A publication Critical patent/CN104823666A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor

Abstract

The invention provides a cutting propagation method of tea-oil trees. The method comprises the specific steps of building a seedling bed with the bed surface width of 100cm, the bed edge height of 30cm, and the length accordant with a plot, wherein matrix components on the seedling bed are formed by perlite, river sand and red subsoil according to the ratio that the perlite to the river sand to the red subsoil is equal to 4 to 4 to 2; selecting current-year lignified or half-lignified good branches as cutting slips, then soaking roots of the cutting slips into a rooting medium which is configured by No. ABT1 rooting powder and has the concentration of 100 to 200 PPM, afterwards planting in the seedling bed and spraying carbendazim aqueous solution, and finally managing till rooting and transplanting. By implementing the cutting propagation method, corresponding devices and equipment are not needed for supporting, the investment is small, the process is simple, the operation is easy, only branches with various specifications on a tea-oil tree parent are collected at will to serve as the propagation cutting slips, and season limitation is avoided; the cutting propagation method is more beneficial for tea-oil nursery stock propagation production in a factory-like, large-scale and intensive way, and is worthy of vigorous popularization.

Description

The cuttage breeding method of a kind of oil tea
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of plant asexual propagation, be specifically related to the cuttage breeding method of a kind of oil tea.
Background technology
Tea oil tree is one of large woody oleiferous plants in the world four, and the high mountain of its growth in south China subtropical zone and hilly country are the senior oil plants of the distinctive a kind of pure natural of China.Mainly concentrate on Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Henan, Hunan, Guang Xiwu economize national annual production and be only about 200,000 tons.
Extensively cultivating from the Yangtze river basin to various places, south China, is main woody oil crop.Cultivated since long, changes more, spends not of uniform size, and capsule 3 Room or Room 5, the phenomenon of adhesion also appears in filigree.The primary forest in more than 800 meters, Hainan Province has wild species, in medium arbor shape.
Oil tea is the evergreen dungarunga of Theaceae Camellia, and seed can extract oil edible.Tea oil look clear taste is fragrant, nutritious, storage tolerance, is high-quality edible oil; Also can be used as lubricating oil, antirust oil for industry.Since entering 21 century, China's camellia oleiferaindustry development is very fast, and construction of base progressively expands, and oil tea product deep working method is updated.Central and local government gives pay abundant attention to camellia oleiferaindustry development, puts into effect multinomial preferential, support policy, has greatly transferred the enthusiasm of each side's development camellia oleiferaindustry.China's camellia oleiferaindustry welcomes the new opportunity of development, enters Rapid development stage.
Oil tea and oil palm, olive and coconut are also called the large woody edible oil tannin plant in the world four.The unsaturated fatty acid content of tea oil, up to 90%, far away higher than rape oil, peanut oil and soya-bean oil, doubles than content of vitamin E with olive oil, and containing specific physiological activators such as camellianins, has high nutritive value.Oil tea has very high comprehensive utilization value, containing Tea Saponin, tea seed polysaccharide, tea seed albumen etc. in leached tea oil slag, they are all the raw materials of chemical industry, light industry, food, feed industry product etc., and tea seed episperm also can be made into furfural, active carbon etc., tea shell or a kind of good culture medium of edible fungus.Research shows, oil tea saponin also has antibacterial and antioxidation.In addition, oil tea or the excellent sources of nectar and pollen in winter, the florescence, early October, sweet powder was extremely abundant to December on the occasion of few adolescence.In biomass energy, oil tea also has very high using value.Meanwhile, oil tea is again the extremely strong seeds of a contamination resistance, to sulphur dioxide resistance, and anti-fluorine and to inhale chlorine ability also very strong.Therefore scientific management camellia oleifera lam have conserve water and soil, water conservation, the ecological benefits of regulating the climate.
At present, modes of reproduction oil tea is with seed, cutting or propagation by grafiting.For keeping the merit of parent, many employing cuttings or graft seedling growth, then carry out forest planting.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is just to provide the cuttage breeding method of brand-new a kind of oil tea.Specifically: build the seedling bed that bed surface wide is 100 centimetres, edge of bed height is 30 centimetres, length conforms to plot, the matrix component on seedbed and ratio press perlite: river sand: red heart soil=4: 4: 2 composition.Choose the excellent branch of raw lignification or semi-lignified then as cuttings, stay its length to be 4 ~ 5 centimetres when cuttings is pruned, every section is stayed 2-3 axillalry bud, and a leaf is stayed in cuttings upper end, and the otch of lower end is near axillalry bud base portion, and crosscut becomes vertical cross section; Then being soaked in by cuttings base portion and being configured as concentration by ABT1 root-inducing powder is in the taking root liquid taking root liquid of 100 ~ 200PPM, to be then colonizated in seedbed and to spray the carbendazim aqueous solution, finally managing to taking root, transplanting.By implementing the present invention, the branch of all size on oil tea parent only need be taked arbitrarily as breeding cuttings.And, implement the present invention, do not need supporting related device and equipment, small investment, technique are simple, easily operation, Be very effective, plant percent be high, be more conducive to the batch production of oil tea nursery stock, scale, intensive breed production, be worth promoting.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A cuttage breeding method for oil tea, comprises the steps: in technical scheme
1, seedbed builds: build the seedling bed that bed surface wide is 100 centimetres, edge of bed height is 30 centimetres, length conforms to plot, the matrix component on seedbed and ratio press perlite: river sand: red heart soil=4: 4: 2 composition.
2, cuttings process: choose the excellent branch of raw lignification or semi-lignified then as cuttings, stay its length to be 4 ~ 5 centimetres when cuttings is pruned, every section is stayed 2-3 axillalry bud, and a leaf is stayed in cuttings upper end, the otch of lower end is near axillalry bud base portion, and crosscut becomes vertical cross section.
3, HORMONE TREATMENT: use ABT1 root-inducing powder, and be configured as the taking root liquid that concentration is 100 ~ 200PPM, be then soaked in taking root liquid by cuttings base portion, soak time is 1 ~ 2 hour.
4, field planting: select in the shady and cool period, cuttings to be inserted in seedbed, the degree of depth of inserting be cuttings minister's 2/3, and the density of inserting not overlapping for degree with blade face, then the carbendazim aqueous solution of 600 times of liquid is sprayed toward seedbed, until by cutting and matrix all drenched, finally cover little arch film whole seedbed is sealed.
5, manage: within every 15 ~ 20 days, open little arch film, and then spray the carbendazim aqueous solution of 600 times of liquid toward seedbed, until by cutting and matrix all drenched, finally cover little arch film and whole seedbed sealed equally.
6, transplant: field planting is after 2 ~ 3 months, and axillalry bud starts to germinate 3 ~ 4 millimeters, illustrates that cuttings is taken root, continue to manage and protect and cultivate a period of time, new root grows to 1 ~ 2 centimetre, i.e. portable.
The present invention has the following advantages:
Its technique of the cuttage breeding method of oil tea 1, proposed by the invention is simple, easily implements.
2, by implementing the present invention, the branch of all size on oil tea parent only need be taked arbitrarily as breeding cuttings, be not subject to seasonal restrictions.
3, by implementing the present invention, management operation is few, and plant percent is high, is more conducive to the batch production of oil tea nursery stock, scale, intensive breeds production.
4, enforcement of the present invention, does not need supporting related device and equipment, and simple, the easy operation of small investment, technique, Be very effective, be worth promoting.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, method of the present invention is further illustrated.
A cuttage breeding method for oil tea, embodiment is as follows:
1, seedbed builds: build the seedling bed that bed surface wide is 100 centimetres, edge of bed height is 30 centimetres, length conforms to plot, the matrix component on seedbed and ratio press perlite: river sand: red heart soil=4: 4: 2 composition.
2, cuttings process: choose the excellent branch of raw lignification or semi-lignified then as cuttings, stay its length to be 4 ~ 5 centimetres when cuttings is pruned, every section is stayed 2-3 axillalry bud, and a leaf is stayed in cuttings upper end, the otch of lower end is near axillalry bud base portion, and crosscut becomes vertical cross section.
3, HORMONE TREATMENT: use ABT1 root-inducing powder, and be configured as the taking root liquid that concentration is 100 ~ 200PPM, be then soaked in taking root liquid by cuttings base portion, soak time is 1 ~ 2 hour.
4, field planting: select in the shady and cool period, cuttings to be inserted in seedbed, the degree of depth of inserting be cuttings minister's 2/3, and the density of inserting not overlapping for degree with blade face, then the carbendazim aqueous solution of 600 times of liquid is sprayed toward seedbed, until by cutting and matrix all drenched, finally cover little arch film whole seedbed is sealed.
5, manage: within every 15 ~ 20 days, open little arch film, and then spray the carbendazim aqueous solution of 600 times of liquid toward seedbed, until by cutting and matrix all drenched, finally cover little arch film and whole seedbed sealed equally.
6, transplant: field planting is after 2 ~ 3 months, and axillalry bud starts to germinate 3 ~ 4 millimeters, illustrates that cuttings is taken root, continue to manage and protect and cultivate a period of time, new root grows to 1 ~ 2 centimetre, i.e. portable.

Claims (1)

1. a cuttage breeding method for oil tea, its feature comprises the steps:
(1) seedbed builds: build the seedling bed that bed surface wide is 100 centimetres, edge of bed height is 30 centimetres, length conforms to plot, the matrix component on seedbed and ratio press perlite: river sand: red heart soil=4: 4: 2 composition;
(2) cuttings process: choose the excellent branch of raw lignification or semi-lignified then as cuttings, stay its length to be 4 ~ 5 centimetres when cuttings is pruned, every section is stayed 2 ~ 3 axillalry buds, and a leaf is stayed in cuttings upper end, the otch of lower end is near axillalry bud base portion, and crosscut becomes vertical cross section;
(3) HORMONE TREATMENT: use ABT1 root-inducing powder, and be configured as the taking root liquid that concentration is 100 ~ 200PPM, be then soaked in taking root liquid by cuttings base portion, soak time is 1 ~ 2 hour;
(4) field planting: select in the shady and cool period, cuttings to be inserted in seedbed, the degree of depth of inserting be cuttings minister's 2/3, and the density of inserting not overlapping for degree with blade face, then the carbendazim aqueous solution of 600 times of liquid is sprayed toward seedbed, until by cutting and matrix all drenched, finally cover little arch film whole seedbed is sealed;
(5) manage: within every 15 ~ 20 days, open little arch film, and then spray the carbendazim aqueous solution of 600 times of liquid toward seedbed, until by cutting and matrix all drenched, finally cover little arch film and whole seedbed sealed equally;
(6) transplant: field planting is after 2 ~ 3 months, and axillalry bud starts to germinate 3 ~ 4 millimeters, illustrates that cuttings is taken root, continue to manage and protect and cultivate a period of time, new root grows to 1 ~ 2 centimetre, i.e. portable.
CN201510240785.4A 2015-05-13 2015-05-13 Cutting propagation method of tea-oil trees CN104823666A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105210753A (en) * 2015-08-15 2016-01-06 云南省林业科学院 A kind of large tree cuckoo cuttage technique
CN105532273A (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-05-04 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Rapid propagation method for branch rootstock grafting of camellia oleifera
CN105766529A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-07-20 杨小东 Method for planting camellia oleifera
CN105850459A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-08-17 安徽农业大学 Simple and efficient short-shoot cutting method for camellia oleifera
CN107439312A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-12-08 贵州省苗岭经济林技术开发有限公司 A kind of Camellia oleifera Cutting Seedling Raising method
CN107593407A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-19 东兰县旺达板栗茶油种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of camellia oil tree
CN107624295A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-26 钟山县龙岛种养专业合作社 A kind of germination accelerating method of tea oil tree seed
CN107624485A (en) * 2017-10-12 2018-01-26 安徽省龙成生态农业有限公司 A kind of high-survival rate Camellia oleifera Cutting Seedling Raising method
CN107787697A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-03-13 武汉市农业科学技术研究院林业果树科学研究所 A kind of azalea cuttage sprouting and rooting goes out garden propagation method
CN108967019A (en) * 2018-10-08 2018-12-11 四川省农业科学院园艺研究所 A kind of Lee, apricot stock efficient cuttage breeding method
CN109197191A (en) * 2018-09-07 2019-01-15 田东县文设芒果专业合作社 A kind of propagation method of mango seedling

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CN103416177A (en) * 2012-05-24 2013-12-04 韦广荣 Kuding tea cutting propagation method
CN103548526A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-02-05 凌爱秋 Golden camellia cutting nursery method
CN103548525A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-02-05 凌爱秋 Vegetative propagation method for broadleaf holly leaves
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CN103548526A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-02-05 凌爱秋 Golden camellia cutting nursery method
CN103548525A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-02-05 凌爱秋 Vegetative propagation method for broadleaf holly leaves
CN104206157A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-17 郎溪县凌笪乡永辰茶叶种植家庭农场 Cutting breeding method for large-leaf hollies

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105210753B (en) * 2015-08-15 2018-05-11 云南省林业科学院 A kind of big tree cuckoo cuttage technique
CN105210753A (en) * 2015-08-15 2016-01-06 云南省林业科学院 A kind of large tree cuckoo cuttage technique
CN105532273A (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-05-04 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Rapid propagation method for branch rootstock grafting of camellia oleifera
CN105766529A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-07-20 杨小东 Method for planting camellia oleifera
CN105850459A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-08-17 安徽农业大学 Simple and efficient short-shoot cutting method for camellia oleifera
CN107439312A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-12-08 贵州省苗岭经济林技术开发有限公司 A kind of Camellia oleifera Cutting Seedling Raising method
CN107624295A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-26 钟山县龙岛种养专业合作社 A kind of germination accelerating method of tea oil tree seed
CN107593407A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-19 东兰县旺达板栗茶油种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of camellia oil tree
CN107624485A (en) * 2017-10-12 2018-01-26 安徽省龙成生态农业有限公司 A kind of high-survival rate Camellia oleifera Cutting Seedling Raising method
CN107787697A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-03-13 武汉市农业科学技术研究院林业果树科学研究所 A kind of azalea cuttage sprouting and rooting goes out garden propagation method
CN107787697B (en) * 2017-12-11 2020-05-15 武汉市农业科学技术研究院林业果树科学研究所 Rhododendron hardwood cutting rapid seedling-forming outplanting propagation method
CN109197191A (en) * 2018-09-07 2019-01-15 田东县文设芒果专业合作社 A kind of propagation method of mango seedling
CN108967019A (en) * 2018-10-08 2018-12-11 四川省农业科学院园艺研究所 A kind of Lee, apricot stock efficient cuttage breeding method
CN108967019B (en) * 2018-10-08 2020-10-16 四川省农业科学院园艺研究所 Efficient cutting propagation method for plum and apricot stocks

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Application publication date: 20150812