CN101731118B - Container seedling culture method of large nursery stocks - Google Patents

Container seedling culture method of large nursery stocks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101731118B
CN101731118B CN2008102192481A CN200810219248A CN101731118B CN 101731118 B CN101731118 B CN 101731118B CN 2008102192481 A CN2008102192481 A CN 2008102192481A CN 200810219248 A CN200810219248 A CN 200810219248A CN 101731118 B CN101731118 B CN 101731118B
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China
Prior art keywords
container
nursery stocks
root
soil
nursery
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2008102192481A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101731118A (en
Inventor
吴汉昌
谢作
张文英
游广毅
谭海涛
雷刚
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PALM LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE CO Ltd
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PALM LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a container seedling culture method of large nursery stocks, which comprises the following steps of: a, sterilizing the roots of the large nursery stocks: sterilizing the roots of the large nursery stocks to be cultured by using a carbendazol dilute solution; b, planting by using a root control container plate: putting the large nursery stocks in the step a in a container made of the root control container plate densely provided with vent holes; c, modifying the soil for planting the large nursery stocks: adding a soil modifying medium and organic fertilizers to the container in the step b; d, spraying and moisturizing: moisturizing the nursery stocks in the step c in the manner of spray irrigation watering and space spraying; and e, protecting the planted large nursery stocks: protecting the planted large nursery stocks by using the following measures, i.e. moisturizing trunks, covering the surface of the container by rice straws, shading by erecting a shed and promoting roots. For overcoming the disadvantages of the prior art, the invention provides the container seedling culture method which has simple method and effectively ensures the survival rate of the large nursery stocks.

Description

A kind of container seedling culture method of large nursery stocks
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of container seedling culture method of large nursery stocks.
Background technology
Urban construction is now maked rapid progress, and the attention of afforesting is constantly improved, along with the propelling of " moving into the city to forest " action; The nursery stock that needs a large amount of big specifications; Demand becomes ascendant trend, and advocates complete crown and transplant, and does not prune or prunes on a small quantity; Often off-season cultivation hopes in greening, can play the effect of getting instant result.And these nursery stocks are generally all perhaps wildly transplanted from the seedling growth field at present; Need be completely cured and a large amount of prunings to nursery stock in the process of transplanting; To prevent the loss of nursery stock moisture, this grows nursery stock after field planting relatively slow, and be easy to withered; Survival rate is not high, and the large nursery stocks of this traditional wild seedling or no process container nursery can't reach this effect.Add in more existing container seedling culture methods and adopt container, be easy to occur packing and transplanting and be completely cured and hinder the root phenomenon, can't guarantee the survival rate of large nursery stocks.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is in order to overcome weak point of the prior art, the container seedling culture method that a kind of method is simple, can effectively guarantee the large nursery stocks survival rate is provided.
To achieve these goals, the present invention adopts following scheme:
A kind of container seedling culture method of large nursery stocks may further comprise the steps:
The root sterilization of a, large nursery stocks
The large nursery stocks root of needs being cultivated with the carbendazim weak solution carries out disinfection;
B, employing control root container panel are planted
Employing is densely covered with the container that the control root container panel of air-vent is made, and puts into described container to the large nursery stocks among the step a;
C, the soil of the large nursery stocks of planting is improved
In the described container of step b, add soil melioration medium and fertilizer, by original soil: the ratio interpolation of soil melioration medium: fertilizer=6:2.5-4.5:0.2-0.8;
D, spraying and moisturizing
Mode to the nursery stock among the step c adopts sprinkling irrigation to water, spray is at interval preserved moisture;
Protection after e, large nursery stocks are planted
Take following measure to protect to the large nursery stocks after planting: trunk is preserved moisture, the straw covering container surperficial, scaffolding shades and short root.
The container seedling culture method of aforesaid a kind of large nursery stocks, wherein the weak solution described in the step a is 500 times a carbendazim solution.
The container seedling culture method of aforesaid a kind of large nursery stocks, wherein the soil melioration medium described in the step c is one or both in laterite, the peat soil.
The container seedling culture method of aforesaid a kind of large nursery stocks, wherein the trunk moist keeping measures described in the step e is to preserve moisture and adopt the sprinkling irrigation measure to keep trunk humidity and airborne humidity at seedling growth trunk upper straw winding fortunately rope or around gunny.
The container seedling culture method of aforesaid a kind of large nursery stocks, wherein the short root measure described in the step e is for adding activating root-growth accelerant, overcharge liquid in container soil, and take root in spirit, tridecanol or the vigor element one or more of activity are urged root.
The container seedling culture method of aforesaid a kind of large nursery stocks, wherein original soil among the step c: soil melioration medium: fertilizer=6:3.5:0.5.
In sum, beneficial effect of the present invention: adopt the container nursery of control root container panel among the present invention, wherein on control root container panel, be densely covered with many air-vents; The container that adopts this control root container panel to make helps the circulation of nursery stock root and air; Its principle is to be grown to core with the regulation and control seedling root, utilizes " air reparation " principle effectively to limit main root and grows, and promotes lateral root to grow; Overcome generic container packing and transplanting and be completely cured and hinder the root phenomenon, improved the nursery stock transplanting survival rate.Through the big specification container nursery technology of control root container panel, the control root container seedling process of transplanting is not hindered root system, and survival rate is high, does not receive season limit, and all can transplant the whole year.The lopping of needn't choping off the head, but complete crown is transplanted.And this seedling growing process is simple and practical.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the sketch map of control root container panel among the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with description of drawings and practical implementation method the present invention is further described:
The large nursery stocks that the present invention grows seedlings at first be select in the place of the original plantation of nursery stock tree-like good; The nursery stock of complete crown through being completely cured processing, carries out an amount of pruning after nursery stock is dug; Shade through water spray simultaneously and keep the balance of trees moisture content; Carry out the digging wrapping according to 7 times of diameter as nursery stock soil ball standard then, lifting is transported to corresponding place and cultivates, and nursery stock is cooked some corresponding prunings; Through adopting the inventive method to cultivate after the above-mentioned processing, concrete grammar is following: with 500 times of carbendazim weak solutions the nursery stock root is carried out disinfection; Employing is densely covered with the container that the control root container panel of air-vent is made, and wherein said control root container panel is as shown in Figure 1, on control root container panel, is densely covered with many air-vents; Put into large nursery stocks in the container that is made into control root container panel; Concrete way is to locate earlier, and is smooth good ground, down long as controlling root, places in the above and do not have anti-cloth, and its size is big or small the same with control root container piece.After the seedling lifting, on the centre point, slowly set upright, it is good to add earth culture all around, tentatively fixes, and loose then suspender belt supports with wire drawing etc.Confirm the height of container according to the height of nursery stock soil ball; The selection principle of height is than about the high 10cm of native ball; Will confirm the size of container circle simultaneously according to native ball size, must guarantee has the space of 20cm to dose configuration soil around the native ball, presses original soil: the part by weight of soil melioration medium: fertilizer=6:3.5:0.5 adds; Wherein said soil melioration medium can be a kind of in laterite, the peat soil or two kinds; Concrete operation is: the acid also trees of difficult plantation of happinesses such as sweet osmanthus, safflower oil tea adopt red soil to add peat soil, the plantation of media such as bark, vermiculite, and southern magnolia adopts peat soil, the mixed planting of laterite phase.Large nursery stocks adopts sprinkling irrigation to water after in the container made from control root container panel, having good positioning, and the mode of spraying is preserved moisture at interval; Adopt sprinkling irrigation to water, increased trees humidity on every side preferably, when spraying, will according to circumstances certain interval be arranged suitably.After nursery stock kind 1-2 month, should reduce injection flow rate, particularly to some not too water-fast plants such as ginkgo, yulan magnolia, sweet osmanthus etc.These trees should just reduce the water yield after one month, otherwise blade is withered easily, fallen leaves or undergrowth.And should spray water often for the plant such as the red bayberry of happiness water, the foliation that is easy to take root improves survival rate.
Should take some measures after large nursery stocks is planted protected:
1, trunk is preserved moisture
Well back the grade at trunk upper straw winding rope or around gunny of seedling growth preserved moisture, and another side is strengthened the sprinkling irrigation measure and kept trunk humidity and airborne humidity.
2, the straw film covers
In the surface coverage of container straw, surface soil is fetched water and is not easy to harden, moisture capacity is also very strong, straw is layered on the container seedlings such as bitter sweet oak, red bayberry and has obtained good effect.
3, shade
Growth potential is weak or the measure that important nursery stock can adopt scaffolding to shade.Not high like the red bayberry survival rate, scaffolding shades after planting good pruning well, and it is very fast that tree vigo(u)r recovers.
4, short root
Take root or dysgonic trees for difficulty, can adopt short root measure.Root-growing agent commonly used has: activating root-growth accelerant, overcharge liquid, take root spirit, tridecanol, vigor of activity is plain.Can use above-mentioned a kind of or two or more root-growing agents to urge root in the process of using, a week or two weeks water root once.
5, strengthen protection winter
The nursery stock of season severe winter plantation, to plant and meet low temperature after good and container seedling is to plant on the ground, very easy enduring cold can be adopted and cover straw and cover insulations such as film.Before freeze injury is arrived, can water and freeze water, help nursery stock to pass the winter.
The large nursery stocks that utilizes the inventive method to cultivate is not hindered root system in the transplanting process, survival rate is high, does not receive season limit, and all can transplant the whole year.The lopping of needn't choping off the head, but complete crown transplant, and this seedling growing process is simple.

Claims (5)

1. the container seedling culture method of a large nursery stocks may further comprise the steps:
The root sterilization of a, large nursery stocks
The large nursery stocks root of needs being cultivated with the carbendazim weak solution carries out disinfection;
B, employing control root container panel are planted
Employing is densely covered with the container that the control root container panel of air-vent is made, and puts into described container to the large nursery stocks among the step a, places nonwoven in the above;
C, the soil of the large nursery stocks of planting is improved
In the described container of step b, add original soil, soil melioration medium and fertilizer, ratio is an original soil: the soil melioration medium: fertilizer=6: 2.5-4.5: 0.2-0.8;
D, spraying and moisturizing
Adopt sprinkling irrigation to water to the nursery stock among the step c, the mode of spraying is preserved moisture at interval;
Protection after e, large nursery stocks are planted
Take following measure to protect to the large nursery stocks after planting: trunk is preserved moisture, the straw covering container surperficial, scaffolding shades and short root; Wherein said short root measure in container soil, add activating root-growth accelerant, overcharge liquid, activity is taken root spirit, in tridecanol or the vigor element one or more are urged root, a week or two weeks water root once.
2. the container seedling culture method of a kind of large nursery stocks according to claim 1, wherein the weak solution described in the step a is 500 times a carbendazim solution.
3. the container seedling culture method of a kind of large nursery stocks according to claim 1, wherein the soil melioration medium described in the step c is one or both in laterite, the peat soil.
4. the container seedling culture method of a kind of large nursery stocks according to claim 1, wherein the trunk moist keeping measures described in the step e is to preserve moisture and adopt the sprinkling irrigation measure to keep trunk humidity and airborne humidity at trunk upper straw winding rope or around gunny in the back well at seedling growth.
5. the container seedling culture method of a kind of large nursery stocks according to claim 1, wherein original soil among the step c: soil melioration medium: fertilizer=6: 3.5: 0.5.
CN2008102192481A 2008-11-15 2008-11-15 Container seedling culture method of large nursery stocks Expired - Fee Related CN101731118B (en)

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CN102405752A (en) * 2011-08-29 2012-04-11 镇江盛弘景观植物有限公司 Method for controlling root of seedlings cultured in tray
CN102515960B (en) * 2011-12-26 2013-10-16 杭州市园林绿化股份有限公司 Container cultivation matrix for sweet-scented osmanthus
CN103583303A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-02-19 徐闻县神州木兰园培植中心 Magnolia tree full-crown reserved transplanting method
CN105706848A (en) * 2014-12-26 2016-06-29 惠州市绿湖园艺工程有限公司 Big tree transplanting method
CN104737889A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-07-01 江苏碧云天农林科技有限公司 Liquidambar styraciflua big seedling cultivating method with root-controlling container
CN105104101A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-12-02 连云港市农业科学院 Method for off-season full crown transplanting of trees
CN108353679A (en) * 2017-01-26 2018-08-03 赤峰市林业科学研究院 A method of control root container is improved in northern nursery survival rate
CN106962014A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-07-21 合肥市禾兴生态养殖科技有限公司 A kind of sweet osmanthus pseudo-wild cultivating method
CN107211833B (en) * 2017-07-04 2020-11-06 马千里 Method for cultivating and transplanting saplings
CN111567354A (en) * 2020-05-14 2020-08-25 上海园林(集团)有限公司 On-site containerized planting method for trees

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