CN103583303A - Magnolia tree full-crown reserved transplanting method - Google Patents

Magnolia tree full-crown reserved transplanting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103583303A
CN103583303A CN201310482432.6A CN201310482432A CN103583303A CN 103583303 A CN103583303 A CN 103583303A CN 201310482432 A CN201310482432 A CN 201310482432A CN 103583303 A CN103583303 A CN 103583303A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tree
root
crown
transplanting
soil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310482432.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱开甫
胡晓敏
董华政
叶小玲
董君
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GUANGDONG SHENZHOU MAGNOLIA GARDEN Co Ltd
XUWEN COUNTY SHENZHOU MAGNOLIA PARK CULTIVATE CENTER
Original Assignee
GUANGDONG SHENZHOU MAGNOLIA GARDEN Co Ltd
XUWEN COUNTY SHENZHOU MAGNOLIA PARK CULTIVATE CENTER
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GUANGDONG SHENZHOU MAGNOLIA GARDEN Co Ltd, XUWEN COUNTY SHENZHOU MAGNOLIA PARK CULTIVATE CENTER filed Critical GUANGDONG SHENZHOU MAGNOLIA GARDEN Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310482432.6A priority Critical patent/CN103583303A/en
Publication of CN103583303A publication Critical patent/CN103583303A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a magnolia tree full-crown reserved transplanting method including the steps of performing root excision to the magnolia tree needed to be transplanted in advance, with the level harsh-free cut; performing processes of root cut smearing, ball and burlap planting and disinfecting in time without cutting off the crown, while preventing the ball from being loose during the process of ball and burlap planting and keeping the root wet by lapping moisturized cotton; at the initial stage of root excision, watering and moisturizing, and specifically spraying water to the trunk and the crown in the morning and the evening every day so as to cool the tree in hot weather; since fibrous roots grow, keeping watering to moisturize; when needing to transplant the tree, hoisting to transport the tree to the destination to plant and then maintain. According to the full-crown transplanting technology rather than the conventional crown and root excision transplanting manner, the social requirement for landscape construction is met while the transplanting survival rate is increased. Specifically, the transplanting survival rate is increased to 95% by the magnolia tree full-crown reserved transplanting method.

Description

Full tree crown trasplanting method is set in a kind of lily magnolia University of Science and Technology
Technical field:
The invention belongs to plant propagation field, be specifically related to a kind of lily magnolia University of Science and Technology and set full tree crown trasplanting method.
Background technology:
Browse documents and materials, aspect Magnoliaceae cultivating seedlings common be seed to outplanting research during this period of time, the rarely found stock growing technical measures that have behind garden, also seldom have Magnoliaceae transplanting big tree data.By on-site inspection, find that the pattern of current Magnoliaceae transplanting big tree conventional " truncation of choping off the head " transplants, and survival rate is not high.
The deficiency that on market, Magnoliaceae big tree transplanting exists is: (1) adopts " truncation of choping off the head " mode; (2) transplanting success is low.The chop off the head transplanting method of truncation of employing, tree body recovers very difficult, and survival rate is low, and construction and maintenance cost increase, and do not reach desirable Afforestation Landscape effect far away.This is the major reason that the good Magnoliaceae seeds of restriction are applied on a large scale.
Summary of the invention:
The object of this invention is to provide the lily magnolia University of Science and Technology that a kind of survival rate is high and set full tree crown trasplanting method.
Full tree crown trasplanting method is set in lily magnolia of the present invention University of Science and Technology, it is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(a) processing of being completely cured: the lily magnolia University of Science and Technology tree that transplant is carried out to the root processing of being completely cured in advance, otch will be put down, must guard against otch short-tempered, carry out in time that root wound is smeared, native bag is pricked, disinfection, hat does not chop at a tree, when soil bag is pricked, necessarily accomplish not allow native ball loose, with the continuous wrapping of moisturizing, keep the moistening of root simultaneously;
(b) daily managing and protecting: at the initial stage of being completely cured, note watering moisturizing, when the weather of high temperature sweltering heat, will spray water to trunk, tree crown every day sooner or later, reduces tree temperature; After new fibrous root sends, every 3 days of sunny dry weather waters to tree head, and the rainy day is without watering, and cloudy weather treats that dry and cracked need of topsoil water, and waters and irrigates, but must guard against ponding, keeps soil moisture;
When needs are transplanted, will set greatly dress and hang, be transported to destination and plant, then safeguard.
The described dress of setting greatly hangs, is transported to destination and plants, then safeguard that preferred concrete steps are: when waiting to need to transplant, to set greatly dress hangs, dress hangs first three day and will large tree be controlled and do not watered, fill like this hang Shi Tuqiu be difficult for loose, simultaneously, when hanging large tree, must allow native ball stressed, bandage can not be hung on large tree trunk, otherwise be easy to cause root and the fracture of native ball, damage root system; Large tree transportation: prevent in transportation that native ball is loose, avoid setting greatly mechanical damage, and keep moistening; After arriving destination, plant, planting site requires draining unobstructed, planting site soil requires as acid, rich soil, the size of kind of plant hole and the degree of depth are according to the size of native ball and highly come to determine, then after fertilizer and soil being mixed, insert kind of a plant hole bottom, large seeds are got on, again fertilizer is evenly sprinkling upon to native ball surrounding, waters subsequently permeable; Supporting protection: for avoiding the large tree of just plantation to be subject to ectocine, adopt three rods to support, safeguard measure will be done in the place that waddy contacts with trunk, prevents that bark is subject to mechanical damage; After Magnoliaceae seedling root and soil fusion, then carry out conventional maintenance according to Magnoliacea plant.
Compared with prior art, full tree crown implantation technique is taked in the invention, and the transplanting mode of the unconventional truncation of choping off the head has met the demand that social landscape is built on the one hand immediately, has improved on the other hand transplanting success.Utilize lily magnolia of the present invention University of Science and Technology to set full tree crown trasplanting method and transplant, transplanting success is up to 95%.
Embodiment:
Following examples are to further illustrate of the present invention, rather than limitation of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
The full tree crown of the large tree of Michelia shiluensis is transplanted and is implemented:
(1) processing of being completely cured: the large tree of Michelia shiluensis is one month earlier carried out to the root processing of being completely cured, and otch will be put down, and must guard against otch short-tempered, and carry out immediately that root wound is smeared, native bag is pricked, disinfection; It is be woven into netted and put moisturizing silk floss and wrap up with iron wire that described native bag is pricked, and necessarily accomplishes not allow native ball loose, and the continuous wrapping of moisturizing can keep the moistening of root; (2) water: carry out tree crown, trunk water spray to the large tree of being completely cured the every day at initial stage of being completely cured, the processing of sooner or later all should spraying water of high-temperature drying weather, reduce tree temperature, after new fibrous root sends, sunny dry weather waters to tree head for every 3 days, and the rainy day is without watering, cloudy day weather treats that dry and cracked need of topsoil water, water and irrigate, but must guard against ponding, keep soil moisture; (3) large tree dress hangs: dress hangs and do not water for first 3 days, keeps native ball dry, when hanging large tree, bandage is tied up on native ball, makes native ball stressed, bandage can not be hung on large tree trunk, is easy to like this cause root and the fracture of native ball, damage root system; (4) large tree transportation: prevent in transportation that native ball is loose, avoid setting greatly mechanical damage, and branch is suitably accepted and prevented that tree crown and car body friction cause branch to rupture and leaf mechanical damage in transit; (5) plant planting site draining situation after arriving destination: check the draining situation of planting site, draining is obstructed wants method improvement, makes draining unimpeded; Planting site soil: Michelia shiluensis happiness is acid, rich soil, so planting site must avoid basic soil, if soil is alkalescence or too barren, needs to carry out soil melioration, becomes the acidity, the rich soil that are applicable to Michelia shiluensis growth; Plant the specification of plant hole: size and the many 30cm of the height left and right of planting the size of plant hole and the native ball of depth ratio Michelia shiluensis; (6) plantation: by fertilizer, peat soil, haydite and soil in mass ratio 1:1:1:3 mix, part is inserted kind of plant hole bottom, the large seeds of Michelia shiluensis is got on, then part is evenly sprinkling upon to native ball surrounding, fills with subsequently root and waters permeable; (7) supporting protection: for avoiding the large tree of just plantation to be subject to ectocine, adopt three rods to support, the place that waddy contacts with trunk will be done protection pad with moisturizing silk floss and be carried out safeguard measure, prevents that bark is subject to mechanical damage; (8) manage and protect: a. waters: just plantation goes down every 1 day, to water one time water, irrigate, but must guard against ponding, summer high temperature hot season should be simultaneously all tree crown and trunk processing of spraying water; After root and soil merge, at sunny dry weather, tree head to be watered once in every 3 days, the rainy day is without watering, and cloudy weather treats that dry and cracked need of topsoil water, and waters and irrigates, but must guard against ponding; B. fertilising: apply fertilizer every year 2 times, spring, organic fertilizer, used composite fertilizer winter, can adopt out circle fertilising, but the circle of opening at least answers Distance-Tree head 1m far away, and the degree of depth is advisable with 30cm, and the anti-root that cures the wound affects growth too much.
After transplanting according to the method described above, the transplanting success of Michelia shiluensis is up to 95%.

Claims (2)

1. a full tree crown trasplanting method is set in lily magnolia University of Science and Technology, it is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(a) processing of being completely cured: the lily magnolia University of Science and Technology tree that transplant is carried out to the root processing of being completely cured in advance, otch will be put down, must guard against otch short-tempered, carry out in time that root wound is smeared, native bag is pricked, disinfection, hat does not chop at a tree, when soil bag is pricked, necessarily accomplish not allow native ball loose, with the continuous wrapping of moisturizing, keep the moistening of root simultaneously;
(b) daily managing and protecting: at the initial stage of being completely cured, note watering moisturizing, when the weather of high temperature sweltering heat, will spray water to trunk, tree crown every day sooner or later, reduces tree temperature; After new fibrous root sends, at sunny dry weather, within every 3 days, to water and manage and protect, the rainy day is without watering, and cloudy weather treats that dry and cracked need of topsoil water, and waters and irrigates, but must guard against ponding;
When needs are transplanted, will set greatly dress and hang, be transported to destination and plant, then safeguard.
2. full tree crown trasplanting method is set in lily magnolia according to claim 1 University of Science and Technology, it is characterized in that, the described dress of setting greatly hangs, is transported to destination and plants, and then safeguards that concrete steps are: when waiting to need to transplant, to set greatly dress hangs, dress hangs first three day and will large tree be controlled and do not watered, fill like this hang Shi Tuqiu be difficult for loose, simultaneously, when hanging large tree, must allow native ball stressed, bandage can not be hung on large tree trunk, otherwise be easy to cause root and the fracture of native ball, damage root system; Large tree transportation: prevent in transportation that native ball is loose, avoid setting greatly mechanical damage, and keep moistening; After arriving destination, plant, planting site requires draining unobstructed, planting site soil requires as acid, rich soil, the size of kind of plant hole and the degree of depth are according to the size of native ball and highly come to determine, then after fertilizer and soil being mixed, insert kind of a plant hole bottom, large seeds are got on, again fertilizer is evenly sprinkling upon to native ball surrounding, waters subsequently permeable; Supporting protection: for avoiding the large tree of just plantation to be subject to ectocine, adopt three rods to support, safeguard measure will be done in the place that waddy contacts with trunk, prevents that bark is subject to mechanical damage; After Magnoliaceae seedling root and soil fusion, according to Magnoliacea plant, carry out conventional maintenance again.
CN201310482432.6A 2013-10-15 2013-10-15 Magnolia tree full-crown reserved transplanting method Pending CN103583303A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104255389A (en) * 2014-09-04 2015-01-07 赫章县韭菜坪农业生态综合开发专业合作社 Full crown transplanting method for Rhododendron delavayi tree
CN105123408A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-09 福建省春天园林工程有限公司 Convenient megaphanerophyte transplanting method

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CN101406150A (en) * 2008-11-27 2009-04-15 中国科学院武汉植物园 Operation method for transplanting wild big tree
CN101669439A (en) * 2008-09-13 2010-03-17 广东棕榈园林股份有限公司 Method for transplanting trees with whole canopy
CN101731118A (en) * 2008-11-15 2010-06-16 广东棕榈园林股份有限公司 Container seedling culture method of large nursery stocks
CN103053380A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-04-24 华东师范大学 Method for improving transplanting survival rate and grow effect of large and medium diameter trees
CN103283500A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-11 句容美华园林景观发展有限公司 White magnolia cultivation method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101669439A (en) * 2008-09-13 2010-03-17 广东棕榈园林股份有限公司 Method for transplanting trees with whole canopy
CN101731118A (en) * 2008-11-15 2010-06-16 广东棕榈园林股份有限公司 Container seedling culture method of large nursery stocks
CN101406150A (en) * 2008-11-27 2009-04-15 中国科学院武汉植物园 Operation method for transplanting wild big tree
CN103053380A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-04-24 华东师范大学 Method for improving transplanting survival rate and grow effect of large and medium diameter trees
CN103283500A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-11 句容美华园林景观发展有限公司 White magnolia cultivation method

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李红星等: "西北地区城市园林绿化大树移植的技术研究", 《西北农林科技大学》 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104255389A (en) * 2014-09-04 2015-01-07 赫章县韭菜坪农业生态综合开发专业合作社 Full crown transplanting method for Rhododendron delavayi tree
CN105123408A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-09 福建省春天园林工程有限公司 Convenient megaphanerophyte transplanting method

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Application publication date: 20140219

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