CN107211833B - Method for cultivating and transplanting saplings - Google Patents

Method for cultivating and transplanting saplings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107211833B
CN107211833B CN201710539234.7A CN201710539234A CN107211833B CN 107211833 B CN107211833 B CN 107211833B CN 201710539234 A CN201710539234 A CN 201710539234A CN 107211833 B CN107211833 B CN 107211833B
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soil
saplings
bowl
plastic
cylindrical
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CN107211833A (en
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马千里
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马千里
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • A01G23/02Transplanting, uprooting, felling or delimbing trees
    • A01G23/04Transplanting trees; Devices for grasping the root ball, e.g. stump forceps; Wrappings or packages for transporting trees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention relates to a sapling cultivation and transplanting method, which comprises the steps of seedling cultivation, sapling sub-planting cultivation, sapling digging and sapling transplanting. The saplings are cultivated and transplanted by the method, and the saplings can be dug by an excavator with high use efficiency without winding ropes and breaking the tree root soil blocks, so the saplings are dug with high efficiency; the root soil block of the sapling tree is a cylindrical soil block which can be stacked and transported, so that the transportation efficiency is high; the planting efficiency is high because the planting can be carried out by drilling; because the support is not needed, the labor and the materials are saved; most of tree roots before the young trees are transplanted are trapped in the plastic pot body for a long time and cannot extend outwards, and after the young trees are transplanted, the shells of the plastic pot body are stripped, so that the tree roots are as if people come out of the prison to freely grow roots, and the survival rate is high.

Description

Method for cultivating and transplanting saplings
Technical Field
The invention relates to a method for cultivating and transplanting saplings with height of more than 3 meters.
Background
At present, the planted green trees for the sidewalks are generally grown in a nursery garden firstly, then planted in a field to cultivate young trees, and the young trees grow to be more than 3 meters and then transplanted on a green belt for the sidewalks; at present, soil conservation bowls like flower bonsai soil conservation bowls and vegetable seedling culture bowls are generally in a plastic cone barrel shape, a hole is formed in the bottom of the cone barrel and used for drainage and ventilation, and young trees with the height of more than 3 m rarely have the soil conservation bowls. When transplanting saplings with height of more than 3 m, firstly digging soil in a little circle at a position 0.3-0.5 m away from the periphery of the saplings, reserving hemispherical soil blocks with diameter of 0.5-1 m at the root of the saplings, then winding the hemispherical soil blocks by using ropes for tens of circles to prevent the soil blocks from being broken off, once the soil blocks are broken off, the trees are difficult to survive after transplanting, when transplanting, firstly digging a larger tree pit, then placing the trees and the hemispherical soil blocks in the middle of the larger tree pit, filling soil and watering, because the dug tree pit is larger, after the newly filled soil and the newly poured water form mud, the hemispherical soil blocks are just like a spherical head shaft, and are easy to fall down when being blown by strong wind, so the newly planted saplings are supported by a bracket at present to prevent being blown down by wind. Therefore, the transplanting of the saplings with the height of more than 3 m takes labor, time and materials, and has low efficiency and survival rate. Publication No. (CN 101213920A) discloses a plant cultivation method and a cultivation device used therein, wherein the plant cultivation device is: the side walls of the box body are all provided with holes, and an upper cover and a lower bottom are not arranged; the expanded plate is a perforated plane plate or a perforated concave-convex plate; when in use, the two end edges are folded and fixed, and can be round columns or square columns and other shapes; the hasp can be arranged at the two ends, and the hasp can be buckled when the multifunctional clothes hanger is used. The plant cultivation method comprises the following steps: a. digging planting pits with proper sizes in a nursery; b. folding and fixing two end edges of the plant cultivation device and then placing or inserting the plant cultivation device into the planting pit; c. plants are planted in the plant cultivation device. Because the plant cultivation apparatus is in a cylindrical ring shape without an upper cover and a lower bottom, if the lateral roots of the saplings growing in the cylindrical ring shape plant cultivation apparatus and having a height of more than 3 m are few and thin, the main roots are thick and strong, the lower main roots must be cut off to dig out the saplings when the saplings are dug, so that the saplings planted by the plant cultivation apparatus are difficult to dig, because the cultivation apparatus has no upper cover and a lower bottom, the original root soil of the saplings is easy to fall from the upper end and the lower end in the process of digging and transportation, and because the main roots of the saplings are dug off and the original root soil falls from the two ends, the saplings cultured by the plant cultivation apparatus are difficult to survive after being transplanted. The method for deep planting trees with the publication number of CN103190259A for controlling and fixing sand is characterized in that a nutrition pot is a conical cylinder which is formed by rolling a sheet-shaped plastic thick film and has a large upper part and a small lower part, the upper part of the conical cylinder is open, the lower part of the conical cylinder is bottomless, soil is easily broken from two ends, and therefore the method is not suitable for cultivating and transplanting saplings with the height of more than 3 meters. The tree cultivating container disclosed in the publication No. JPH0625694A is also a conical barrel-shaped non-woven fabric plastic container, which is subjected to blocking treatment (heat treatment or film sticking treatment) at the bottom of the container and to scattered interval blocking treatment at the side of the container, and is suitable for transplanting shorter flowers and trees, but not suitable for transplanting young trees with a height of 3 m or more, because the container can break and drop soil blocks at the root of the tree during transplanting and transporting young trees with a height of 3 m or more, the survival rate of young trees with a height of 3 m or more is low if the container is used for transplanting young trees with a height of 3 m or more.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: the method for cultivating and transplanting the saplings with the height of more than 3 meters is provided, and the method can save labor, time and materials, and is high in efficiency and survival rate when the saplings with the height of more than 3 meters are cultivated and transplanted.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is that the method for cultivating and transplanting the saplings comprises the steps of seedling cultivation, sapling sub-planting cultivation, sapling digging and sapling transplanting, and is characterized in that: seedling culture: the method comprises the steps of breeding small tree seedlings in a nursery garden according to a conventional method; second, sub-planting and cultivating young trees: transplanting the young tree seedlings in the nursery into a young tree field to be cultivated in a plastic soil-retaining bowl, firstly drilling holes by using a drill bit slightly larger than the diameter of the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl, placing the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl into the holes, filling nutrient soil, planting the young tree seedlings and watering; the plastic soil-retaining bowl is a cylindrical plastic bowl body, the upper end of the plastic soil-retaining bowl body is provided with an end face, the center of the upper end face is provided with a round opening with a thick edge, the middle part of the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body is provided with radial belts which are centrosymmetric, the symmetric radial belts are connected with a ring, the ring is positioned in the middle area of the inner space of the plastic bowl body, the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body is provided with 1-4 rows of holes which are aligned up and down, the bottom end of the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body is provided with a bottom end face, and the bottom end face is; thirdly, digging the saplings: when the saplings need to be transplanted, the saplings can be dug out by an excavator, soil blocks at the roots of the saplings are cylindrical soil which cannot be broken and the clumps of tree roots due to the protection of the cylindrical plastic pot bodies, the saplings with the soil blocks are convenient to stack and transport and are sent to the fields needing to be transplanted; transplanting the saplings: drilling holes by using a drill bit slightly larger than the diameter of the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body, peeling off the shell of the plastic soil-retaining bowl body, putting cylindrical tree root soil blocks into the drilled holes, filling soil around the cylindrical tree root soil blocks, and watering.
When the technical scheme is adopted for cultivating and transplanting saplings, a drill bit slightly larger than the diameter of the cylindrical plastic pot body is used for drilling, the cylindrical plastic pot body is placed in the hole, nutrient soil is filled, the small saplings are planted and watered, the small saplings grow in the plastic soil-protecting pot body for 3-5 years to become saplings with the height of more than 3 m, in the 3-5 years, about 80% of roots of the saplings with the height of more than 3 m are enclosed in the cylindrical plastic soil-protecting pot body, and only about 20% of roots are pricked out of the cylindrical plastic pot body from the hole. When the sapling needs to be transplanted, the sapling can be dug out by an excavator, the soil block at the root of the sapling is the caking of unbroken cylindrical soil and tree root because of the protection of the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body, the sapling with the soil block is convenient for stacking and transporting, after the sapling is sent to the field to be planted, a drill bit with the diameter slightly larger than that of the cylindrical plastic bowl body is used for drilling, the shell of the plastic bowl body is stripped, the cylindrical tree root soil block is placed in the drilled hole, the soil is filled around the drilled hole, and the sapling is watered. Because the drilled round hole is better matched with the cylindrical tree root soil block, the hole is drilled in the same way as the pole is erected, and the newly planted sapling is not easy to fall over without being supported. The digging machine which can dig the saplings has high use efficiency can dig the saplings without winding ropes and breaking the tree root soil blocks, so the digging efficiency of the saplings is high; the root soil block of the sapling tree is a cylindrical soil block which can be stacked and transported, so that the transportation efficiency is high; the planting efficiency is high because the planting can be carried out by drilling; because the support is not needed, the labor and the materials are saved; most of roots of the saplings before transplanting are trapped in the plastic pot body for a long time and cannot extend outwards, and the bottom end face of the plastic soil-retaining pot is not provided with holes, so that the roots of the saplings cannot be cut off during digging, and after transplanting, the roots can freely come out from a prison like people and quickly come into roots due to the fact that shells of the plastic pot body are stripped, so that the survival rate is high.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of a plastic soil-retaining bowl used in the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a plastic soil conservation bowl body; 2. an upper end surface; 3. a round mouth; 4. a spoke belt; 5. a circular ring; 6. an aperture; 7. a bottom end surface.
Detailed Description
In fig. 1, the method for cultivating and transplanting saplings provided by the invention comprises the steps of seedling cultivation, sapling sub-planting cultivation, sapling digging and sapling transplanting, and is characterized in that: seedling culture: the method comprises the steps of breeding small tree seedlings in a nursery garden according to a conventional method; second, sub-planting and cultivating young trees: transplanting small tree seedlings in a nursery into a young tree field to be cultivated in a plastic soil-retaining bowl, firstly drilling holes by using a drill bit slightly larger than the diameter of the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body (1), placing the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body (1) into the holes, filling nutrient soil, planting the small tree seedlings and watering; the plastic soil-retaining bowl body (1) is a cylindrical plastic bowl body, the upper end of the plastic soil-retaining bowl body is provided with an end face, the center of the upper end face (2) is provided with a round opening (3) with a thick edge, the middle part of the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body (1) is provided with a radial belt (4) which is centrosymmetric, the symmetric radial belt (4) is connected with a circular ring (5), the circular ring (5) is positioned in the middle area of the inner space of the plastic bowl body (1), the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body (1) is provided with 1-4 rows of holes (6) which are aligned up and down, the bottom end of the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body (1) is provided with a bottom end face (7), and the bottom; thirdly, digging the saplings: when the saplings need to be transplanted, the saplings can be dug out by an excavator, soil blocks at the roots of the saplings are cylindrical soil which cannot be broken and agglomerations of tree roots due to the protection of the cylindrical plastic pot body (1), the saplings with the soil blocks are convenient to stack, transport and send to the fields needing to be transplanted; transplanting the saplings: drilling a hole by using a drill bit with the diameter slightly larger than that of the cylindrical plastic soil conservation bowl body (1), peeling off the shell of the plastic soil conservation bowl body (1), putting the cylindrical tree root soil block into the drilled hole, filling soil around the cylindrical tree root soil block, and watering.

Claims (1)

1. A sapling cultivation and transplanting method comprises the steps of seedling cultivation, sapling sub-planting cultivation, sapling digging and sapling transplanting, and is characterized in that: seedling culture: the method comprises the steps of breeding small tree seedlings in a nursery garden according to a conventional method; second, sub-planting and cultivating young trees: transplanting small tree seedlings in a nursery into a young tree field to be cultivated in a plastic soil-retaining bowl, firstly drilling holes by using a drill bit slightly larger than the diameter of the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body (1), placing the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body (1) into the holes, filling nutrient soil, planting the small tree seedlings and watering; the plastic soil-retaining bowl body (1) is a cylindrical plastic bowl body, the upper end of the plastic soil-retaining bowl body is provided with an end face, the center of the upper end face (2) is provided with a round opening (3) with a thick edge, the middle part of the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body (1) is provided with a radial belt (4) which is centrosymmetric, the symmetric radial belt (4) is connected with a circular ring (5), the circular ring (5) is positioned in the middle area of the inner space of the plastic bowl body (1), the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body (1) is provided with 1-4 rows of holes (6) which are aligned up and down, the bottom end of the cylindrical plastic soil-retaining bowl body (1) is provided with a bottom end face (7), and the bottom; thirdly, digging the saplings: when the saplings need to be transplanted, the saplings can be dug out by an excavator, soil blocks at the roots of the saplings are cylindrical soil which cannot be broken and agglomerations of tree roots due to the protection of the cylindrical plastic pot body (1), the saplings with the soil blocks are convenient to stack, transport and send to the fields needing to be transplanted; transplanting the saplings: drilling a hole by using a drill bit with the diameter slightly larger than that of the cylindrical plastic soil conservation bowl body (1), peeling off the shell of the plastic soil conservation bowl body (1), putting the cylindrical tree root soil block into the drilled hole, filling soil around the cylindrical tree root soil block, and watering.
CN201710539234.7A 2017-07-04 2017-07-04 Method for cultivating and transplanting saplings Active CN107211833B (en)

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CN201710539234.7A CN107211833B (en) 2017-07-04 2017-07-04 Method for cultivating and transplanting saplings

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710539234.7A CN107211833B (en) 2017-07-04 2017-07-04 Method for cultivating and transplanting saplings

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CN107211833B true CN107211833B (en) 2020-11-06

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Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06253694A (en) * 1993-02-26 1994-09-13 Gunze Ltd Container for culturing tree
CN101352139A (en) * 2007-07-23 2009-01-28 中国林业科学研究院林业研究所 Continuous cultivation method of big seedling and seedling cultivation container
CN101213920A (en) * 2008-01-15 2008-07-09 陈礼斌 Plant cultivation method and using planting apparatus
CN101731118B (en) * 2008-11-15 2012-06-06 棕榈园林股份有限公司 Container seedling culture method of large nursery stocks
CN201360454Y (en) * 2009-01-24 2009-12-16 杨颐 Sapling frame
CN103190259A (en) * 2012-01-09 2013-07-10 李瑛� Deep planting method for desertification prevention and control

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