CN108668880A - A kind of semi-submersible type sea grass breeding apparatus and breeding method - Google Patents

A kind of semi-submersible type sea grass breeding apparatus and breeding method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108668880A
CN108668880A CN201810262808.5A CN201810262808A CN108668880A CN 108668880 A CN108668880 A CN 108668880A CN 201810262808 A CN201810262808 A CN 201810262808A CN 108668880 A CN108668880 A CN 108668880A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sea grass
braced frame
breeding
anchor
layer
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Pending
Application number
CN201810262808.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蓝文陆
黎明民
骆鑫
庞碧剑
陈莹
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Marine Environmental Monitoring Junction Centre
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Marine Environmental Monitoring Junction Centre
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Application filed by Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Marine Environmental Monitoring Junction Centre filed Critical Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Marine Environmental Monitoring Junction Centre
Priority to CN201810262808.5A priority Critical patent/CN108668880A/en
Publication of CN108668880A publication Critical patent/CN108668880A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G33/00Cultivation of seaweed or algae
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of semi-submersible type sea grass breeding apparatus, include float and connecting rope including braced frame, floating system, sinker and anchor system, the floating system, anchor system includes anchor and connecting rope, floating to be attached to braced frame upper end, sinker and anchor are attached to braced frame lower end;It is provided with the cultivation layer for cultivating sea grass in the braced frame, cultivates and is equipped with the coating with sieve pore above layer.The present invention can utilize less sea grass introduces a collection, field cultivate by way of obtain it is relatively large can be used for repair sea grass bed sea grass resource.

Description

A kind of semi-submersible type sea grass breeding apparatus and breeding method
Technical field
The present invention relates to sea grass bed restoration of the ecosystem field, specifically a kind of semi-submersible type sea grass breeding apparatus and breeding method.
Background technology
The sea grass in flakes of large area is referred to as sea grass bed, and sea grass bed is that the rare marine organisms such as dugong, green turtle, hippocampus take It eats ground, habitat, nursery or protects place, be called " aquafarm ", be the high marine characteristics ecology of littoral productivity System plays important ecological functions, with coral in fixed substrate, protection seashore, improvement water quality and the biological young of breeding etc. Coral reef and mangrove are known as the littoral three big ecosystems.But it is disliked recently as the continuous expansion of mankind's activity range and environment Change, sea grass bed decline situation getting worse, therefore, carries out the recovery of sea grass bed for protecting existing sea grass resource, protect ocean Ecological environment has a very important significance.
Traditional sea grass bed restoration methods mainly have Habitat pattern method, the seed law and grafting.Habitat pattern method is to pass through Protection, improvement or simulation habitat, to achieve the purpose that gradually to restore, are a time cycles by the natural procreation of sea grass Veryer long process;And the seaweed seeds of the seed law are not easy to acquire, and are after planting easy to lose, germination rate is low;Grafting is divided into grass The advantages of pico farad, grass block method and root-like stock method, root-like stock method grafting be adopt grass careless source is destroyed it is smaller, be at present more often Method.Although the application of grafting plays good effect to the reparation of damaged sea grass bed, there is also some disadvantages, lead to The mode for crossing transplanting is repaired, and the introduces a collection for finding sea grass, the plant of transplanting is needed to be difficult to have effect very little, is transplanted too much to introduces a collection Ground sea grass resource can cause larger destruction again, a large amount of from provenance under the overall background of existing sea grass bed slump of disastrous proportions Transplanting sea grass is simultaneously infeasible, and it is a kind of feasible method that the sea grass of provenance is bred proliferation on suitable beach, but It is very difficult that the beach that one piece can breed as sea grass is found under the serious environment of natural water front scarcity littoral zone artificial destruction, And by the plant of indoor culture, the ability for adapting to field is again poor, and therefore, research is a kind of to utilize less sea grass introduces a collection, passes through The mode that field is cultivated obtains the relatively large method that can be used for repairing sea grass bed sea grass resource, aobvious to marine ecology repair It obtains particularly important.
Invention content
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to:Less sea grass introduces a collection can be utilized by providing one kind, be cultivated by field Mode obtain it is relatively large can be used for repair sea grass bed sea grass resource sea grass breeding apparatus and breeding method.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:There is provided a kind of semi-submersible type sea grass breeding apparatus, including braced frame, floating System, sinker and anchor system, the floating system include float and connecting rope, and anchor system includes anchor and connecting rope, floats and is attached to support frame Frame upper end, sinker and anchor are attached to braced frame lower end;The cultivation for cultivating sea grass is provided in the braced frame Layer is cultivated and is equipped with the coating with sieve pore above layer.
The braced frame includes bottom plate and frame, and the bottom plate is band sieve pore degradation resistant material, and sieve diameter is small In 0.5cm, the frame is set to bottom plate surrounding, and supporting layer is set on bottom plate.
The cultivation layer is the soft free of contamination biomaterial of concrete dynamic modulus seawater corrosion resistance.
The coating is the nylon rope net of 3 ~ 5cm of sieve diameter.
The present invention also provides a kind of breeding methods for cultivating sea grass using above-mentioned apparatus, include the following steps:
1)Whole device is placed on the outside of beach to be repaired at deep water, by anchor, system is fixed;
2)The sinker for removing braced frame makes braced frame float on the surface in the case where floating system acts on;
3)The root system for transplanting sea grass is filled in from the sieve pore of netting, is inserted into and cultivates in layer, the walk of 3 ~ 5cm of sea grass tether panel, Walk external application degredation plastic film wraps up, and the spacing between sea grass in supporting layer is 20 ~ 25cm;
4)Sinker is connected in braced frame, braced frame is made to sink to 30 ~ 0.5 times of transparencies under sea;
5)After the completion of sea grass is cultivated, sinker is removed, braced frame climbs up on top of the water, and removes nylon rope net, and removal is cultivated layer, will be cultivated Sea grass transplanting to beach to be repaired on.
The beneficial effects are mainly as follows the following aspects:
(1)Device is placed on deeper sea area near area to be repaired, and environmental quality is close with area to be repaired, the sea grass of cultivation It is more easily adapted to conform to than the breeding of indoor or strange land.
(2)Semi under water within the scope of 30cm ~ 50cm, can prevent sea grass seedling by alluvion death, and can Ensure sufficient illumination.
(3)The nylon rope net in the apertures 3 ~ 5cm, you can to ensure that sea grass is smoothly planted, and can be when harvest opens net not Damage sea grass.
(4)The Tideland resources of suitable sea grass growth need not be found, it is applied widely.
(5)It is high in the slightly remote marine site seawater transparency of offshore, be conducive to sea grass photosynthesis.
(6)Sea grass can pass through root system and absorb N, P in seawater in the higher summer and autumn growth of water temperature when breeding growth Deng, the nutrient concentration in reduction coastal seawater, purifying sea water water quality.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the breeding apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is another structural schematic diagram of the breeding apparatus of the present invention.(Remaining is not marked).
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with drawings and examples.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, semi-submersible type sea grass breeding apparatus of the invention, including braced frame, it is floating be 1, sinker 8 and anchor It is 6, floating be 1 includes float and connecting rope, and anchor system 6 includes anchor and connecting rope, and floating is 1 to be connected to braced frame upper end, 8 He of sinker Anchor system 6 is connected to braced frame lower end;It is provided with the cultivation layer 5 for cultivating sea grass 7 in braced frame, cultivates 5 top of layer and sets There is the coating 4 with sieve pore.
In the specific implementation, braced frame includes bottom plate 3 and frame 2 to the present invention, and bottom plate 3 is band sieve pore degradation resistant material, Can be nylon wire or other macromolecule polymeric materials (polyethylene, PE materials etc.), sieve diameter is less than 0.5cm, and bottom plate 3 is Long 8m, wide 8m's is rectangular, is spliced with the plate of 40cm wide 5cm thickness, and frame 2 is set to 3 surrounding of bottom plate, cultivates layer 5 using bamboo silk Or monofilament, it is layed on 3 plate of bottom, cultivates the thickness 10cm of layer 5, coating 4 is the nylon rope net of 3 ~ 5cm of sieve diameter.
Floating is that 1 float is connected to by connecting rope on frame 2, eight floats is arranged altogether, anchor is connected to by connecting rope On bottom plate 3, anchor is set as four, is connected on 3 four angles of bottom plate, sinker 8 is detachably connected on bottom plate 3.
The method for cultivating sea grass using above-mentioned apparatus, includes the following steps:1)Whole device is placed on to beach to be repaired It applies at the deep water of outside, passes through 6 fixation of anchor system;2)The sinker 8 for removing braced frame, make braced frame it is floating be to float under 1 effect On the water surface;3)The root system 9 for transplanting sea grass 7 is filled in from the sieve pore of nylon rope net, is inserted into and cultivates in layer 5,9 band 3 of sea grass root system ~ The walk 10 of 5cm, 10 external application degredation plastic film 11 of walk package, cultivate layer 5 in sea grass 7 between spacing be 20 ~ 25cm;4)Sinker 8 is connected in braced frame, braced frame is made to sink to 30 ~ 0.5 times of transparencies under sea, 0.5 times of transparency Or 100cm can be selected, sea grass 7 grows in cultivating layer 5, and initial stage utilizes the nutriment in walk 10, root-like stock constantly to grow, wear Broken plastic foil 11 grows into and cultivates in layer 5, and walk 10 is lost in after plastic foil 11 ruptures, sea grass root system 9 absorbed directly from seawater N, The nutriments such as P, purifying sea water water quality, root-like stock extend in bamboo silk, constantly breed;5)After the completion of sea grass 7 is cultivated, it is heavy to remove Hammer 8, braced frame climbs up on top of the water, and removes nylon rope net, and removal cultivates layer 5, the sea grass 7 of cultivation is transplanted to beach to be repaired On.
The embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above, but content is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, It should not be construed as limiting the practical range of the present invention.All changes and improvements made in accordance with the scope of the present invention, should all It still belongs within this patent covering scope.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of semi-submersible type sea grass breeding apparatus, it is characterised in that:Including braced frame, floating system, sinker and anchor system, described is floating System includes float and connecting rope, and anchor system includes anchor and connecting rope, and floating to be attached to braced frame upper end, sinker and anchor are attached to Braced frame lower end;It is provided with the cultivation layer for cultivating sea grass in the braced frame, cultivates and is equipped with band sieve pore above layer Coating.
2. semi-submersible type sea grass breeding apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The braced frame includes bottom plate And frame, the bottom plate are band sieve pore degradation resistant material, sieve diameter is less than 0.5cm, and the frame is set to bottom plate surrounding, Layer is cultivated to be set on bottom plate.
3. semi-submersible type sea grass breeding apparatus according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The cultivation layer is soft porous The free of contamination biomaterial of gap seawater corrosion resistance.
4. semi-submersible type sea grass breeding apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The coating is sieve diameter The nylon rope net of 3 ~ 5cm.
5. a kind of breeding method for cultivating sea grass using above-mentioned apparatus, it is characterised in that include the following steps:
1)Whole device is placed on the outside of beach to be repaired at deep water, by anchor, system is fixed;
2)The sinker for removing braced frame makes braced frame float on the surface in the case where floating system acts on;
3)The root system for transplanting sea grass is filled in from the sieve pore of nylon rope net, is inserted into and cultivates in layer, the mud of 3 ~ 5cm of sea grass tether panel Group, walk external application degredation plastic film package, it is 20 ~ 25cm to cultivate the spacing between the sea grass in layer;
4)Sinker is connected in braced frame, braced frame is made to sink to 30 ~ 0.5 times of transparencies under sea;
5)After the completion of sea grass is cultivated, sinker is removed, braced frame climbs up on top of the water, and removes nylon rope net, and removal is cultivated layer, will be cultivated Sea grass transplanting to beach to be repaired on.
CN201810262808.5A 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 A kind of semi-submersible type sea grass breeding apparatus and breeding method Pending CN108668880A (en)

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CN201810262808.5A CN108668880A (en) 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 A kind of semi-submersible type sea grass breeding apparatus and breeding method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110338051A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-10-18 自然资源部第四海洋研究所 A kind of sea grass is cultivated and transplantation device and method
CN110423149A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-11-08 海南省海洋与渔业科学院 Sea grass nutritive salt formula and its reaction unit
CN111480565A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-08-04 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Raft type grass planting device

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JP2008061509A (en) * 2006-09-04 2008-03-21 Okabe Co Ltd Apparatus for forming seaweed bed and method for forming sea weed bed using the same
CN101491221A (en) * 2009-01-22 2009-07-29 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 Seashell and algae shallow-sea ecology rearing device and method
CN102668967A (en) * 2012-05-04 2012-09-19 中国科学院海洋研究所 Adjustable deep sea algae aquaculture floating bed
JP5302789B2 (en) * 2009-06-17 2013-10-02 岡部株式会社 Seaweed culture method
CN203575278U (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-05-07 上海海洋大学 Large seaweed culture raft davit
CN103936169A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-07-23 湖北师范学院 Submerged plant planting device
CN205710087U (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-11-23 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 A kind of pond purifying ecological floating bed using compound bio medium carrier

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008061509A (en) * 2006-09-04 2008-03-21 Okabe Co Ltd Apparatus for forming seaweed bed and method for forming sea weed bed using the same
CN101491221A (en) * 2009-01-22 2009-07-29 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 Seashell and algae shallow-sea ecology rearing device and method
JP5302789B2 (en) * 2009-06-17 2013-10-02 岡部株式会社 Seaweed culture method
CN102668967A (en) * 2012-05-04 2012-09-19 中国科学院海洋研究所 Adjustable deep sea algae aquaculture floating bed
CN203575278U (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-05-07 上海海洋大学 Large seaweed culture raft davit
CN103936169A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-07-23 湖北师范学院 Submerged plant planting device
CN205710087U (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-11-23 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 A kind of pond purifying ecological floating bed using compound bio medium carrier

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110423149A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-11-08 海南省海洋与渔业科学院 Sea grass nutritive salt formula and its reaction unit
CN110338051A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-10-18 自然资源部第四海洋研究所 A kind of sea grass is cultivated and transplantation device and method
CN111480565A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-08-04 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Raft type grass planting device

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