CN102668967A - Adjustable deep sea algae aquaculture floating bed - Google Patents

Adjustable deep sea algae aquaculture floating bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102668967A
CN102668967A CN2012101366891A CN201210136689A CN102668967A CN 102668967 A CN102668967 A CN 102668967A CN 2012101366891 A CN2012101366891 A CN 2012101366891A CN 201210136689 A CN201210136689 A CN 201210136689A CN 102668967 A CN102668967 A CN 102668967A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
floating bed
aquaculture
buoyancy
sea
adjustable deep
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Pending
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CN2012101366891A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许强
杨红生
王均光
刘青远
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Institute of Oceanology of CAS
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Institute of Oceanology of CAS
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Priority to CN2012101366891A priority Critical patent/CN102668967A/en
Publication of CN102668967A publication Critical patent/CN102668967A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management

Abstract

The invention relates to a macrophytic algae aquaculture facility suitable for open type deep waters, in particular to an adjustable deep sea algae aquaculture floating bed, which substantially comprises a main anchor cable, a sea algae aquaculture floating bed and a weight system, wherein a mooring rope of the main anchor cable consists of a main float ball, a center circle, a chain ring, a lower circle, a rotating ring and a dropstone, and the sea algae aquaculture floating bed comprises a buoyancy framework, a bottom net, a purse net, a center circle, an oblique stay cord, a weight system and a guide plate. The adjustable deep sea algae aquaculture floating bed is a movable type floating bed frame, wherein the bottom portion of the adjustable deep sea algae aquaculture floating bed is provided with the bottom net, the middle portion of the bottom net is provided with a round iron ring, and the periphery of the movable type floating bed frame is inwardly obliquely provided with a circle of purse net. The weight system comprises a weight hanging rack, a weight block and a position card bolt. The adjustable deep sea algae aquaculture floating bed uses a double-buoyancy system, and can be guaranteed in an upright posture underwater through own bigger buoyancy of the movable type floating bed frame, can be accurately fixed on a scheduled water layer through a buoyancy system of the main anchor cable, and is more convenient to adjust the scheduled water layer by integrally arranging the adjustable deep sea algae aquaculture floating bed and the weight system in a micro buoyancy state.

Description

The floating bed of a kind of adjustable deep-sea algae aquaculture
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of macro aquaculture facility that is applicable to opening deep water sea area, be specially the floating bed of a kind of adjustable deep-sea algae aquaculture.
Background technology:
The marine site of China's mariculture utilization mainly concentrates in 20 meters isobaths.The zone that surpasses 20 meters depth of waters is because far away apart from bank, and it is less therefore influenced by pollution from land-based sources, and current are unimpeded, and water quality is pure and fresh, is to carry out the important area that repair in the habitat, shallow sea and fishery resources are recovered.The structure of tangleweed bed is the key of repairing habitat, impaired ocean, the efficient recovery fishery resources being arranged.The neritic province domain macro adopts the raft culture mode more; Its advantage is a convenient management, but shortcoming is that the right sea area depth of water of supporting is more shallow, cultures algae and occupy the upper strata water body; When running into exceedingly odious weather (like typhoon); Raft frame and seedling rope is influenced by stormy waves can strenuous exercise, tangle, and causes algae to come off in a large number, therefore can't use in the anxious deep water sea area of stream in that the wave is high.And the growing requirements of macro can't be satisfied because illumination is not enough in the seabed of deep water sea area, has limited the structure of kelp bed.Therefore, being necessary to develop a kind of macro aquaculture facility that is applicable to opening deep water sea area, is that macro provides good growth platform in wide deepwater regions, for the habitat reparation and the fishery resources in off-lying sea marine site recover to provide equipment to support.
Summary of the invention:
The present invention provides the design of the floating bed of a kind of adjustable deep-sea algae aquaculture, to solve the difficult problem that deep water sea area can't carry out the macro aquaculture.Using this facility can carry out the macro aquaculture in the marine site of the depth of water more than 20 meters, and algae can avoid the influence of off-lying sea severe sea condition simultaneously at suitable water growth layer.This facility also can be used as the aquaculture platform of precious marine products such as Bao, stichopus japonicus.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is:
The floating bed of a kind of adjustable deep-sea algae aquaculture; Comprise the floating bed of Bower Anchor cable and marine alga aquaculture; Wherein the hawser of Bower Anchor cable upper end connects the main ball float of bubbling through the water column, and the lower end is connected with the robust structure that is positioned at the seabed, on said hawser, is provided with the fixedly chain link of the floating bed of marine alga aquaculture of many covers; The floating bed of said marine alga aquaculture comprises buoyancy framework, spacer screen, purse seine and Weighting system, and the bottom surface of said buoyancy framework is provided with spacer screen, and the hawser in the Bower Anchor cable is passed by said spacer screen, around the buoyancy framework, is with purse seine; The below of said buoyancy framework is connected with Weighting system through oblique rope, and this Weighting system is connected with chain link on the said hawser; The floating bed of said marine alga aquaculture is connected adjustment predetermined water layer of living in through Weighting system with the chain link of differing heights.
Be provided with the central circular that supplies said hawser and chain link to pass in the middle of the spacer screen on the said buoyancy framework bottom surface; Many zigzag or parallel rope are fastened in the top of spacer screen; One end of every rope is connected in said central circular, and the other end links to each other with the bottom edge of buoyancy framework; The upper surface of said buoyancy framework slopes inwardly.
The edge of said buoyancy framework is provided with and prevents that the end from broadcasting biological intilted purse seine of escaping, and a plurality of small floating balls are fastened in the purse seine upper end, and the mesh of purse seine is identical with the mesh diameter of said spacer screen.
3. according to the floating bed of the described adjustable deep-sea of claim 1 algae aquaculture; It is characterized in that: the top surface edge of said buoyancy framework (6) is along circumferentially being evenly equipped with a plurality of small floating balls (9); The upper end of said purse seine (8) links to each other with each small floating ball (9); Be connected to the bottom edge of buoyancy framework (6) down, the mesh of purse seine (8) is identical with the mesh diameter of said spacer screen (7).
The bottom of said buoyancy framework is provided with the deflector that prevents the spinning of the floating bed of marine alga aquaculture.
Said deflector is two rectangular plates, and length is 1/2 of buoyancy framework bottom surface radius, and an end of deflector is fixed on the buoyancy framework, and the other end is connected to the central circular that is provided with in the middle of the spacer screen on the buoyancy framework bottom surface through rope.The length of said oblique rope is greater than the bottom surface diameter of buoyancy framework.
Said Weighting system comprises counterweight frame, balancing weight, following annulus and snib; Wherein counterweight frame is a triangle; Two base angles have been fastened balancing weight respectively, have been descended annulus to be arranged on the drift angle; Be connected with the snib of the floating bed of adjustment marine alga aquaculture water layer of living on the said annulus down, this snib inserts in the said chain link when locating the floating bed of marine alga aquaculture.
Said counterweight frame comprises circular iron hoop, two oblique arms and crossbeam; The two ends of its middle cross beam are respectively equipped with circular iron hoop; Said balancing weight is fastened on this circle iron hoop, and an end of two oblique arms links to each other with the circular iron hoop at crossbeam two ends respectively, and the other end is connected to respectively on the said annulus down.
Said Bower Anchor cable cable length is consistent with the release position depth of water, and said chain link is installed in the water layer place of suitable algal grown on the hawser.Be equipped with on the said hawser between the chain link below and the robust structure in seabed and prevent that the hawser spinning from twisting the change of silk.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, adopts the present invention; Facility adopts two buoyancy system; The buoyancy that floating bed frame self is bigger guarantees the underwater upright posture of facility; The buoyancy system of Bower Anchor cable then can accurately be fixed on predetermined water layer with floating bed, and floating bed totally is in little buoyant state with Weighting system makes that then the water layer adjustment is more convenient.
2, adopt the present invention, floating bed system can be suspended in any water layer, can select suitable water layer according to the biological property of culturing macro, makes the possibility that is configured to of profundal zone kelp bed.
3, adopt the present invention, facilitation agent is at the water surface, but is under water about 10 meters, can at utmost avoid the upper strata stormy waves, improved the ability of the anti-severe sea condition of facility greatly.
4, adopt the present invention, need not to be provided with the raft frame, economic algae (like asparagus, sea-tangle, mouse tail algae, undaria pinnitafida etc.) culturing area is expanded off-lying sea or surrounding sea areas, island more unobstructed to water flow exchange, water cleaning.
5, adopt the present invention, facility is thrown in planning in the specific region, can form scale middle level kelp bed, is the effective ways in a kind of structure shallow sea " submarine forest ".
6, adopt the present invention, can cooperate behind the structure kelp bed on the facility and throw in other economical biological (like Bao, stichopus japonicus, scallop etc.), make up ecological aquaculture pattern, realize the cleaner production of the important marine product of deep water sea area.
7, the present invention has higher applicability, applicable to the breed of various macros (like asparagus, mouse tail algae, undaria pinnitafida etc.) at deep water sea area.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the floating bed of an adjustable deep-sea algae aquaculture ideograph.Among the figure, 1 main ball float; 2 Bower Anchor cables; 3 chain links; 4 changes; 5 dropstones; 6 floating bed frames; 7 spacer screens; 8 purse seines; 9 small floating balls; 10 central circular; 11 seedlings rope; 12 deflectors; 13 counterweight frame; 14 balancing weights; 15 times annulus; 16 snibs.
Embodiment
The floating bed of a kind of adjustable deep-sea algae aquaculture, this facility is made up of Bower Anchor cable and the floating bed of marine alga aquaculture two parts; The Bower Anchor cable is made up of main ball float, hawser, chain link, change, dropstone; The floating bed of marine alga aquaculture is made up of buoyancy framework, spacer screen, purse seine, central circular, oblique rope, Weighting system, deflector.
The floating bed of described adjustable deep-sea algae aquaculture, main push-towing rope rope length is consistent with the release position depth of water, and the top is a ball float, and the below is fixed on the dropstone or on other seabed robust structure, its effect is the passage as floating bed system oscilaltion, fixing floating bed water layer of living in.Establish 2-3 cover chain link in the middle of the hawser, used in order to fixing floating bed system, the adjustment position of the depth of water is through the determining positions of chain link on hawser.One cover change is installed between the chain link of below and the dropstone, prevents that the hawser spinning from twisting silk.
The floating bed of described adjustable deep-sea algae aquaculture, its core texture is movable floating bed frame part.Main body frame adopts hollow PPR pipe (external diameter 11cm) to process, and can be centrosymmetric images such as circle, square, equilateral hexagon.With the circle is example, and diameter is about 4 meters.According to the biological specification of aquaculture; Adopt the polythene net sheet of certain mesh (0.8cm) to make spacer screen and be fixed on the framework below; Circular iron hoop is established at the spacer screen middle part; Internal diameter is fastened rope to increase structural rigidity being as the criterion through chain link and the change on the main push-towing rope rope with the radial pattern fixing method between annulus and framework.Above the spacer screen of framework, fasten in a zigzag or parallel rope is restricted or other aquaculture facility in order to fixing algae seedling.Sloping inwardly around the framework is provided with a corral net, and about high 30cm, the mesh size is identical with spacer screen, and upper limb is fastened small floating ball at a certain distance, makes the purse seine can be upright under water, and prevention aquaculture biology is escaped.
The floating bed of described adjustable deep-sea algae aquaculture, floating bed frame links to each other with the Weighting system of below with four isometric polyethylene ropes, and rope length should be longer than floating bed diameter, can be about 5 meters.The effect of Weighting system mainly is the buoyancy that balances floating bed, makes floating bed frame and Weighting system totally be little buoyant state, increases the convenience of the floating bed of adjustment water layer.Balancing weight can be selected cement block, metal derby, and gross weight is fixed on counterweight hanger two ends a little less than floating bed frame buoyancy 2-4kg.Counterweight hanger integral body is the triangle configuration to guarantee structural rigidity, specifically is made up of circular iron hoop, oblique arm and crossbeam.Location snib when the floating bed system adjustment of a live metal bar conduct water layer is installed on the circular iron hoop, the diameter of bar is as the criterion with the iron chains ring that can pass on the Bower Anchor cable.
The floating bed of described adjustable deep-sea algae aquaculture, two deflectors are installed in the bottom of floating bed frame one side, anti-locking system spinning under action of ocean current.Deflector can adopt the thick PVC plate of 8mm, is shaped as rectangle, and length is about 1/2 of floating bed radius.Every plate one end is fixed on the framework with pipe clamp during installation, and the other end is connected with floating bed central circular with rope.Two boards outer rim spacing can be 30-40cm.
The floating bed of described adjustable deep-sea algae aquaculture, concrete input is following with implementation step:
Facility should select the time of low water in little flood season to throw in.At first planning is thrown in a collection of dropstone as anchor point in the target marine site, and dropstone weight is more than 2 tons, and spacing is more than 20 meters.Measure the release position depth of water before throwing in, reserve Bower Anchor cable length according to the depth of water.
Behind the pre-fixed algae seedling rope of floating bed frame, will float bed at release position and be connected the back with Weighting system and drop into marinely, floating and Weighting system can be kept afloat.Bower Anchor cable upper end is fastened ball float in advance, and the diver is with anchor hawser rope lower end to plunge into the commercial sea, and anchor hawser is restricted pass the middle iron hoop of floating bed frame, the annulus on the counterweight frame from top to bottom respectively, in the seabed with hawser tension back is to the dropstone in seabed.
The adjustment of the floating bed degree of depth adopts the method that increases interim counterweight to realize: with long rope is the heavy fish lead of 30kg; It is put in floating bed on the net; To float bed system and be depressed in the water, the snib that will float the bed system below by the diver to the predetermined water layer is inserted on the chain link of Bower Anchor cable fixing.Propose fish lead, accomplish degree of depth adjustment.Floating bed at the water surface floating bed carried out management maintenance like need, can send the diver to extract snib under water, just can float to the water surface automatically.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1; Algae aquaculture floating bed in adjustable deep-sea comprises the floating bed of Bower Anchor cable 2 and marine alga aquaculture, and wherein the hawser of Bower Anchor cable 2 upper end connects the main ball float 1 of bubbling through the water column; The lower end is connected with the robust structure that is positioned at the seabed, on said hawser, is provided with the fixedly chain link 3 of the floating bed of marine alga aquaculture of three covers; The floating bed of said marine alga aquaculture comprises buoyancy framework 6, spacer screen 7, purse seine 8 and Weighting system, and the bottom surface of said buoyancy framework 6 is provided with spacer screen 7, and the hawser in the Bower Anchor cable 2 is passed by said spacer screen 7, around buoyancy framework 6, is with purse seine 8; The below of said buoyancy framework 6 is connected with Weighting system through oblique rope, and this Weighting system is connected with chain link 3 on the said hawser; The floating bed of said marine alga aquaculture is connected adjustment predetermined water layer of living in through Weighting system with the chain link 3 of differing heights.
Be provided with the central circular 10 that supplies said hawser and chain link 3 to pass in the middle of the spacer screen 7 on said buoyancy framework 6 bottom surfaces; Many zigzag or parallel rope are fastened in the top of spacer screen 7; One end of every rope is connected in said central circular 10, and the other end links to each other with the bottom edge of buoyancy framework 6; The upper surface of said buoyancy framework 6 slopes inwardly.
The edge of said buoyancy framework 6 is provided with and prevents that the end from broadcasting biological intilted purse seine 8 of escaping, and a plurality of small floating balls 9 are fastened in purse seine 8 upper ends, and the mesh of purse seine 8 is identical with the mesh diameter of said spacer screen 7.
The bottom of said buoyancy framework 6 is provided with the deflector 12 that prevents the spinning of the floating bed of marine alga aquaculture.Deflector 12 is two rectangular PVC plates, and length is 1/2 of buoyancy framework 6 bottom surface radiuses, and an end of deflector 12 is fixed on the buoyancy framework 6, and the other end is connected to the central circular 10 that is provided with in the middle of the spacer screen 7 on buoyancy framework 6 bottom surfaces through rope.
The length of said oblique rope is greater than the bottom surface diameter of buoyancy framework 6.
Said Weighting system comprise counterweight frame 13, balancing weight 14, down annulus 15 and snib 16 wherein counterweight frame 13 be triangle; Two base angles have been fastened balancing weight 14 respectively, have been descended annulus 15 to be arranged on the drift angle; Be connected with the snib 16 of the floating bed of adjustment marine alga aquaculture water layer of living on the said annulus 15 down, this snib 16 inserts in the said chain link 3 when locating the floating bed of marine alga aquaculture.
Said Bower Anchor cable 2 cable length are consistent with the release position depth of water, and said chain link 3 is installed in the water layer place of suitable algal grown on the hawser.
Be equipped with on the said hawser between the chain link 3 below and the robust structure in seabed and prevent that the hawser spinning from twisting the change 4 of silk.
Embodiment 2
The floating bed of the foregoing description 1 structure is applied to the sea-tangle marine alga in marine site, off-lying sea island:
Present embodiment is that in December, 2011 is at the floating bed of marine alga aquaculture of throwing in 4 meters of diameters apart from first three marine site, profundal zone, island at sunshine (25 meters of the depth of waters) of 37 nautical miles on bank; Each floats bed and adopts " it " font plane fixation in 1 in the surperficial fixedly sea-tangle seedling rope of floating bed spacer screen; Sea-tangle transplant density be about 110/individual, 30.7cm/ of initial length average out to.Floating bed is fixed under water 10 meters depths (big flood high-tide period).Culture after two months, monitoring algal grown situation, the frond well-grown, color is normal, frond length 1.3m.Floating bed main body is erectility under water, does not occur damaging.
Embodiment result shows, adopts the aquaculture of facility of the present invention the wave is high the anxious Deepwater Open Sea zone of stream can carry out easily marine alga, is to be applicable to the effective ways that make up kelp bed in the off-lying sea deepwater regions.

Claims (9)

1. an adjustable deep-sea algae aquaculture floats bed; It is characterized in that: comprise the floating bed of Bower Anchor cable (2) and marine alga aquaculture; Wherein the hawser of Bower Anchor cable (2) upper end connects the main ball float (1) of bubbling through the water column; The lower end is connected with the robust structure that is positioned at the seabed, on said hawser, is provided with the fixedly chain link (3) of the floating bed of marine alga aquaculture of many covers; The floating bed of said marine alga aquaculture comprises buoyancy framework (6), spacer screen (7), purse seine (8) and Weighting system; The bottom surface of said buoyancy framework (6) is provided with spacer screen (7); Hawser in the Bower Anchor cable (2) is passed by said spacer screen (7), around buoyancy framework (6), is with purse seine (8); The below of said buoyancy framework (6) is connected with Weighting system through oblique rope, and this Weighting system is connected with chain link (3) on the said hawser; The floating bed of said marine alga aquaculture is connected adjustment predetermined water layer of living in through Weighting system with the chain link (3) of differing heights.
2. according to the floating bed of the described adjustable deep-sea of claim 1 algae aquaculture; It is characterized in that: be provided with the central circular (10) that supplies said hawser and chain link (3) to pass in the middle of the spacer screen (7) on said buoyancy framework (6) bottom surface; Many ropes have been fastened in the top of spacer screen (7); One end of every rope is connected in said central circular (10), and the other end links to each other with the bottom edge of buoyancy framework (6).
3. according to the floating bed of the described adjustable deep-sea of claim 1 algae aquaculture; It is characterized in that: the edge of said buoyancy framework (6) is provided with and prevents that the end from broadcasting biological intilted purse seine (8) of escaping; A plurality of small floating balls (9) are fastened in the upper end, and the mesh of purse seine (8) is identical with the mesh diameter of said spacer screen (7).
4. according to the floating bed of the described adjustable deep-sea of claim 1 algae aquaculture, it is characterized in that: the bottom of said buoyancy framework (6) is provided with the deflector (12) that prevents the spinning of the floating bed of marine alga aquaculture.
5. according to the floating bed of the described adjustable deep-sea of claim 4 algae aquaculture; It is characterized in that: said deflector (12) is two rectangular plates; Length is 1/2 of buoyancy framework (6) bottom surface radius; One end of deflector (12) is fixed on the buoyancy framework (6), and the other end is connected to the central circular (10) that is provided with in the middle of the spacer screen (7) on buoyancy framework (6) bottom surface through rope.
6. according to the floating bed of the described adjustable deep-sea of claim 1 algae aquaculture, it is characterized in that: the length of said oblique rope is greater than the bottom surface diameter of buoyancy framework (6).
7. according to the floating bed of the described adjustable deep-sea of claim 1 algae aquaculture; It is characterized in that: said Weighting system comprises counterweight frame (13), balancing weight (14), following annulus (15) and snib (16); Wherein counterweight frame (13) is a triangle; Two base angles have been fastened balancing weight (14) respectively, have been descended annulus (15) to be arranged on the drift angle; Be connected with the snib (16) of the floating bed of adjustment marine alga aquaculture water layer of living on the said annulus (15) down, this snib (16) inserts in the said chain link (3) when locating the floating bed of marine alga aquaculture.
8. according to the floating bed of the described adjustable deep-sea of claim 1 algae aquaculture, it is characterized in that: said Bower Anchor cable cable length is consistent with the release position depth of water, and said chain link (3) is installed in the water layer place of suitable algal grown on the hawser.
9. according to the floating bed of the described adjustable deep-sea of claim 1 algae aquaculture, it is characterized in that: a change (4) that prevents that the hawser spinning from twisting thread is installed on the said hawser between the chain link (3) below and the robust structure in seabed.
CN2012101366891A 2012-05-04 2012-05-04 Adjustable deep sea algae aquaculture floating bed Pending CN102668967A (en)

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