CN1806522A - Method for cultivating hybrid reed - Google Patents

Method for cultivating hybrid reed Download PDF

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CN1806522A
CN1806522A CN 200610037875 CN200610037875A CN1806522A CN 1806522 A CN1806522 A CN 1806522A CN 200610037875 CN200610037875 CN 200610037875 CN 200610037875 A CN200610037875 A CN 200610037875A CN 1806522 A CN1806522 A CN 1806522A
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reed
water
seedling
hybrid
cultivation
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CN100384324C (en
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陈必俊
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陈必俊
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for cultivating hybrid reed, which is characterized in that it comprises following steps: constructing two pools for female parent and male parent, choosing yellow reed as female parent, sand reed as male parent during August and September in current year, replanting reed with soil, watering, water discharging and fertilizing at proper time, when male parent is in the middle day of June of second year, cutting sprout, leaving sprout and making sprout growing out again, intercepting reed flower at first ten-day period of September, embedding reed flower in pond for 5-10 days after airing at sunlight and taking out for drying, immersing in seawater, taking out to suspend in female parent pool and flowering with female parent reed at the same time, intercepting female parent flower 10-30 days after artificial pollination, laying in its root area. The hybrid reed is characterized by alkali resistant, water logging-tolerant and drought resistant, straight and rigid reed pole, higher density which is two times as high as current reed production, higher grout rate than that of normal by 8% and higher market price than that of normal reed by about 15%.

Description

A kind of cultivating method of hybrid reed
Technical field:
The invention discloses a kind of cultivation method of cultivation of plants method, particularly a kind of hybrid reed.
Background technology:
Reed is a kind of herbaceos perennial by the self-sow breeding, and it contains a large amount of fibers, has been widely used in paper making pulp, construction material, baskets craft, animal feed or the like.People had carried out a large amount of work again around the development and use of reed in recent years; comprise with the wine brewing of the rhizome of reed, pharmacy, especially reed itself have improvement and environmental greening that anti-saline and alkaline characteristic can be widely used in the saline land, purify water, vegetation protection.Research and development along with the reed using value, existing reed resource causes people's attention, research and develop application around high-quality reed artificial planting technique, people have done a large amount of work, the culture technique that prior art adopts mainly is that methods such as root cultivation are cultivated, cultivated at all, move in sowing, but the reed that prior art cultivates fails to reach the effect of expecting as people.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cultivation method of high-quality, high yield hybrid reed.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is characterized in:
(1), the hybrid reed soil of cultivating adapts to various dried wet soils ground, but intertidal zone in this way must be that the depth of water is no more than 20-40cm at the incoming tide, beach face exposes at ebb tide;
(2), hybrid reed is cultivated the transformation on ground:
Wei Chi built up be divided into female parent, two ponds of male parent, the area in two ponds is than being 6-10: 1-3; And with earth embankment it is enclosed respectively and build;
(3), the cultivation of reed seedling:
(1) cultivation of reed seedling female parent:
1., the maternal cultivation time of reed seedling should be during August-September then, the yellow reed that select local (Jiangsu Province's Yancheng City) coastal beach for use is for maternal, band soil is got the reed root and is transplanted, the density of planting into the maternal pool is 1-3 strain/m 2, native cultivation is buried in utilization;
2., the 15-25cm that pours water is dark the early Febuary in 1 year;
3., water is drained during early March reed germination 2-3 sheet leaf, note the frost infringement in the meantime, frost is arranged, go up water 2-10cm immediately, when temperature goes back up to 10-15 ℃, again water is discharged as weather forecast;
4., late April goes up water 2-10cm to Wei Chi, use applying fertilizer, the every mu of 150-250kg that applies fertilizer;
5., in Grain Full left and right sides 3-4 days on May 21, continue Wei Chi is gone up water, the degree of depth of last water is 15-30cm;
6., early September drains water;
(2), the cultivation of reed seedling male parent:
1., reed seedling male parent cultivates the time also during Ying Yu August-September then, the husky reed (also claiming to swing reed in Xinghua) of getting Xinghua, Jiangsu Province county is male parent; Band soil is got the reed root and is transplanted, and the density of planting into the male parent pool is that a strain is leaned in 1 strain, the solid matter cultivation, and native cultivation is buried in utilization;
2., the early March in 1 year, it is dark to open bar row ditch 10-30cm;
3., the water that bar is arranged in the ditch drains when growing 2-3 sheet leaf when the reed seedling early April;
4., mid-April is to the last water 2-10cm of Wei Chi, below the blade face;
5., fertilizer on late April, fertilising quantity is 150-250kg;
6., the fertilising back drained water in 15-30 days;
7., implement to cut out seedling and stay shoot root (staying 1-10cm on the root) mid-June, makes its seedling of reppearing;
8., early September intercepting reed, and take in reed and to keep 1-5 sheet reed leaf, with reed in the sun after airing 5-15 hour, imbed in the dark native pool of 100-150cm, take cover film, put grass above the film and cover the back landfill in reed, take out after 5-10 days and dry, use sea water immersion 10-30 minute again, take out and hang in the maternal pond 1-2/m 2, with the flowering simultaneously of maternal reed;
9., carry out artificial pollination;
10., after the artificial pollination 10-30 days, the maternal reed of intercepting after by pollination is tiled in its root;
(3), comprehensive care:
The reed seedling cultivate substantially finish after, this moment, reed entered maintenance phase, did not generally need many operations, just on October, throw in fertilizer 25-50kg/ mu in good time, and note seawater quality, its seawater salt content≤19 ‰ the middle ten days, after late October, water is drained, so that the harvesting transportation.
The cultivating method of described a kind of hybrid reed, its characteristic point is: behind the maternal reed seedling of the every strain cultivating soil, make the ridging all around of reed seedling be higher than middle ridging; Behind every strain male parent reed seedling cultivating soil, make the ridging all around of reed seedling be lower than middle ridging.
The cultivating method of described a kind of hybrid reed is characterized in: the hybrid reed artificial pollination adopts the human rope of standing respectively on the Chi Geng of the both sides of Wei Chi to move the method for drawing pollination.
The present invention's beneficial effect compared with prior art:
1, hybrid reed is alkaline-resisting, waterlogging, drought-enduring, and the reed bar is straight and hard, up and down even thickness, high density, every mu of high density of former reed is about 21600 strains, and hybrid reed can reach about 45000 strains for every mu, its per mu yield exceeds more than the twice than former reed, and can grow in seawater;
2, after testing: the slurry yield of hybrid reed is higher than conventional reed 8%, and fiber rate length is only second to bamboo pulp;
3, the conventional reed of the market sale price ratio of hybrid reed exceeds about 15%, and supply falls short of demand;
4, after hybrid reed is cultivated successfully, the one, do not need to carry out again artificial pollination the coming year, once lifelong being benefited cultivated in hybridization; The 2nd, the reed of cultivating through hybridization repeatedly can also be transplanted, its advantage of hybrid reed after transplanting remains unchanged.
Embodiment:
Introduce one embodiment of the present of invention below:
(1), the selection of destination:
It is smooth to be chosen in the soil, cultivates on the soft coastal beach of soil property;
(2), the transformation of destination:
The reed pond built up be divided into female parent, two pools of male parent, the area ratio on two pools is 8: 2; And with earth embankment it is enclosed respectively and build, its slight slope ratio is: 1: 2.5 and 1: 2;
(3), the cultivation of reed seedling:
(1), the cultivation of reed seedling female parent:
1., the maternal cultivation time must be during August-September then, the yellow reed of selecting local (Sheyang County, Jiangsu Province) coastal beach for use is for maternal, band soil is got the reed root and is transplanted, and the specification of band soil is: wide 40cm, long 40cm, native thick 30cm, the density of planting into the maternal pool is 1 strain/m 2, native cultivation is buried in utilization, behind every strain reed seedling cultivating soil, make the ridging all around of reed seedling be higher than middle ridging, makes its humidity that keeps soil, does not go up water after planting and prevents mashed root;
2., the early Febuary in 1 year 20cm that pours water is dark, main purpose is to increase soil moisture, to improve germination rate;
3., water is drained during early March reed germination 2-3 sheet leaf, allow the reed seedling fully carry out photosynthesis, note the frost infringement in the meantime, frost is arranged, go up water 5cm immediately, when temperature goes back up to 10-15 ℃, again water is discharged as weather forecast;
4., late April goes up water 5cm to Wei Chi, use applying fertilizer, every mu as to execute chicken manure be about 150kg, as execute pig manure etc. and be every mu and execute about 250kg;
5., in Grain Full left and right sides 3-4 days on May 21, continue Wei Chi is gone up water, the degree of depth of last water is 25cm, urgees its growth;
6., early September drains water short its earing flowering;
(2), the cultivation of reed male parent:
1., the reed male parent time of cultivating also must be during August-September then, the husky reed (also claiming to swing reed in Xinghua) of getting Xinghua, Jiangsu Province county is male parent; Band soil is got the reed root and is transplanted, and the specification of band soil is: wide 40cm, long 40cm, native thick 30cm, and the density of planting into the male parent pool is that 1 strain is by a strain, the solid matter cultivation, native cultivation is buried in utilization, behind every strain reed seedling cultivating soil, make the ridging all around of reed seedling be lower than middle ridging, purpose is to postpone vegetative period;
2., the early March in 1 year, it is dark to open bar row ditch 20cm, the opens a ditch every 320cm, is used for reducing soil moisture, postpones the seeding stage;
3., early April, the water that bar is arranged in the ditch drained when growing 2-3 sheet leaf when the reed seedling, made reed seedling poor growth;
4., mid-April is to the last water 5cm of Wei Chi, below the blade face;
5., fertilizer on late April, every mu as to execute chicken manure be about 150kg, as execute pig manure etc. and execute about 250kg for every mu;
6., applying fertilizer drained water in back 20 days, was used to control the growth rate of reed seedling;
7., implement to cut out seedling and stay shoot root (staying 1-2cm on the root) mid-June, makes its seedling of reppearing;
8., early September intercepting reed, and take in reed and to keep two reed leaves, with reed airing after 10 hours in the sun, imbed in the dark native pool of 120cm, take cover film, put grass above the film and cover the back landfill in reed, take out after 7 days and dry, used sea water immersion again 20 minutes, and took out and hang in the maternal pond 1/m 2, with the flowering simultaneously of maternal reed;
9., carry out artificial pollination, the human rope of standing respectively on the Chi Geng of the both sides of Wei Chi moves and draws pollination;
10., after the artificial pollination 10-30 days, the maternal reed of intercepting after by pollination is tiled in its root;
(3), comprehensive care:
The reed seedling cultivate substantially finish after, this moment, reed entered maintenance phase, did not generally need many operations, just throw in fertilizer 25-50kg/ mu, and note seawater quality, its seawater salt content≤19 ‰ in 10-15 day in October, after late October, water is drained, so that the harvesting transportation.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of cultivating method of hybrid reed is characterized in that:
(1), the hybrid reed soil of cultivating adapts to various dried wet soils ground, but intertidal zone in this way must be that the depth of water is no more than 20-40cm at the incoming tide, beach face exposes at ebb tide;
(2), hybrid reed is cultivated the transformation on ground:
Wei Chi built up be divided into female parent, two ponds of male parent, the area in two ponds is than being 6-10: 1-3; And with earth embankment it is enclosed respectively and build;
(3), the cultivation of reed seedling:
(1) cultivation of reed seedling female parent:
1., the maternal cultivation time of reed seedling should be during August-September then, the yellow reed that select local (Jiangsu Province's Yancheng City) coastal beach for use is for maternal, band soil is got the reed root and is transplanted, the density of planting into the maternal pool is 1-3 strain/m 2, native cultivation is buried in utilization;
2., the 15-25cm that pours water is dark the early Febuary in 1 year;
3., water is drained during early March reed germination 2-3 sheet leaf, note the frost infringement in the meantime, frost is arranged, go up water 2-10cm immediately, when temperature goes back up to 10-15 ℃, again water is discharged as weather forecast;
4., late April goes up water 2-10cm to Wei Chi, use applying fertilizer, the every mu of 150-250kg that applies fertilizer;
5., in Grain Full left and right sides 3-4 days on May 21, continue Wei Chi is gone up water, the degree of depth of last water is 15-30cm;
6., early September drains water;
(2), the cultivation of reed seedling male parent:
1., reed seedling male parent cultivates the time also during Ying Yu August-September then, the husky reed (also claiming to swing reed in Xinghua) of getting Xinghua, Jiangsu Province county is male parent; Band soil is got the reed root and is transplanted, and the density of planting into the male parent pool is that a strain is leaned in 1 strain, the solid matter cultivation, and native cultivation is buried in utilization;
2., the early March in 1 year, it is dark to open bar row ditch 10-30cm;
3., the water that bar is arranged in the ditch drains when growing 2-3 sheet leaf when the reed seedling early April;
4., mid-April is to the last water 2-10cm of Wei Chi, below the blade face;
5., fertilizer on late April, fertilising quantity is 150-250kg;
6., the fertilising back drained water in 15-30 days;
7., implement to cut out seedling and stay shoot root (staying 1-10cm on the root) mid-June, makes its seedling of reppearing;
8., early September intercepting reed, and take in reed and to keep 1-5 sheet reed leaf, with reed in the sun after airing 5-15 hour, imbed in the dark native pool of 100-150cm, take cover film, put grass above the film and cover the back landfill in reed, take out after 5-10 days and dry, use sea water immersion 10-30 minute again, take out and hang in the maternal pond 1-2/m 2, with the flowering simultaneously of maternal reed;
9., carry out artificial pollination;
10., after the artificial pollination 10-30 days, the maternal reed of intercepting after by pollination is tiled in its root;
(3), comprehensive care:
The reed seedling cultivate substantially finish after, this moment, reed entered maintenance phase, did not generally need many operations, just on October, throw in fertilizer 25-50kg/ mu in good time, and note seawater quality, its seawater salt content≤19 ‰ the middle ten days, after late October, water is drained, so that the harvesting transportation.
2, the cultivating method of a kind of hybrid reed according to claim 1 is characterized in that: behind the maternal reed seedling of the every strain cultivating soil, make the ridging all around of reed seedling be higher than middle ridging; Behind every strain male parent reed seedling cultivating soil, make the ridging all around of reed seedling be lower than middle ridging.
3, the cultivating method of a kind of hybrid reed according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the hybrid reed artificial pollination adopts the human rope of standing respectively on the Chi Geng of the both sides of Wei Chi to move the method for drawing pollination.
CNB2006100378754A 2006-01-16 2006-01-16 Method for cultivating hybrid reed Active CN100384324C (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101889515A (en) * 2010-07-13 2010-11-24 陈爱山 Facility cultivation method for reed leaves
CN102017856A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-04-20 东北师范大学 Method for reconstructing and recovering wetland vegetation by transplanting reed roots
CN103314837A (en) * 2012-03-20 2013-09-25 东北师范大学 Method for cultivating reed stem to sprout in timely, efficient and quick manner
CN108551983A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-09-21 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 A kind of best Transplanting Density of reed seedling and the first acquisition methods for planting height

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1323515A (en) * 2001-06-05 2001-11-28 陈启松 Cultivation of salt-enduring reed with high sugar content

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101889515A (en) * 2010-07-13 2010-11-24 陈爱山 Facility cultivation method for reed leaves
CN101889515B (en) * 2010-07-13 2011-11-09 陈爱山 Facility cultivation method for reed leaves
CN102017856A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-04-20 东北师范大学 Method for reconstructing and recovering wetland vegetation by transplanting reed roots
CN102017856B (en) * 2010-09-26 2012-12-12 东北师范大学 Method for reconstructing and recovering wetland vegetation by transplanting reed roots
CN103314837A (en) * 2012-03-20 2013-09-25 东北师范大学 Method for cultivating reed stem to sprout in timely, efficient and quick manner
CN108551983A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-09-21 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 A kind of best Transplanting Density of reed seedling and the first acquisition methods for planting height

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