CN102612967B - Method for planting cyperus malaccensis in tidal wetland - Google Patents

Method for planting cyperus malaccensis in tidal wetland Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102612967B
CN102612967B CN 201210098716 CN201210098716A CN102612967B CN 102612967 B CN102612967 B CN 102612967B CN 201210098716 CN201210098716 CN 201210098716 CN 201210098716 A CN201210098716 A CN 201210098716A CN 102612967 B CN102612967 B CN 102612967B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
planting
plantation
cyperus malaccensis
careless
malaccensis
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN 201210098716
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102612967A (en
Inventor
王欣
何斌源
潘良浩
范航清
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GUANGXI MANGROVE RESEARCH CENTER
Original Assignee
GUANGXI MANGROVE RESEARCH CENTER
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GUANGXI MANGROVE RESEARCH CENTER filed Critical GUANGXI MANGROVE RESEARCH CENTER
Priority to CN 201210098716 priority Critical patent/CN102612967B/en
Publication of CN102612967A publication Critical patent/CN102612967A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102612967B publication Critical patent/CN102612967B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for planting cyperus malaccensis in a tidal wetland. The method mainly comprises the key links of the selection of a planting mud flat, a planting season, planting time, seedlings, provenance and the specification of ball-plants, planting, the application of growth hormone, basal dressing, topdressing, nursing and the like. According to the method for planting a salt marsh plant (cyperus malaccensis) in the tidal wetland, survival rate and growing speed of the cyperus malaccensis transplanted in the tidal wetland can be obviously increased, effective recovery and sustainable development of a coastal wetlands ecosystem are improved, and a certain yield can also be obtained from economic utilization of the cyperus malaccensis.

Description

Method at morning and evening tides wetland plantation cyperus malaccensis
Technical field
The present invention relates to the plantation of sabkha plant cyperus malaccensis, especially a kind of method at morning and evening tides wetland plantation cyperus malaccensis.
Background technology
Cyperus malaccensis (Cyperus malaccensis Lam.) is a kind of sabkha plant that is grown in the habitats such as estuary coast intertidal zone, saline land, salt water pond.Cyperus malaccensis limnium has protection beach embankment, improves primary productivity, improves the saline land, alleviates important Ecology Actions such as polluting and enrich bio-diversity.Cyperus malaccensis happiness temperature is good wet, and it is coastal to be distributed widely in south China, sees ground such as India, Burma, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia and Japan abroad.The toughness of the dried bar of cyperus malaccensis and better softness are the excellent materials of the various commodity of braiding and handicraft, also are used for pricking rice-pudding and the large-scale crab class of binding, are the binding materials of very environmental protection.
The plantation cyperus malaccensis is not limited to results braiding and binding material.Because cyperus malaccensis is one of species that plant is higher in the sedge family cyperus malaccensis genus, terrestrial stem is long and abundant, well developed root system, the wind wave resistance effect is better.Novel strand protection system is built in the special comprehensive ecological effect of performance cyperus malaccensis this strand sabkha plant, and expansion carbon emission reduction space makes up the artificial wet land system that biological cleaning is polluted, especially one of important development direction of strand Wetland ecological recovery from now on.Yet these species there is no at non-morning and evening tides wetland (as saline land and salt water pond) or in the planting technology of morning and evening tides wetland (as river mouth and seashore intertidal zone) and deliver at present.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention provides a kind of method at morning and evening tides wetland plantation cyperus malaccensis, to realize standardization, the scale of cyperus malaccensis plantation improving cyperus malaccensis survival rate and growth rate, is beneficial to the ecological recovery of strand wetland.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: the method at morning and evening tides wetland plantation cyperus malaccensis mainly may further comprise the steps:
<1〉the plantation beach is selected the comprehensively suitable plantation beach of factors selection such as intertidal zone elevation, morning and evening tides, seawater and soil salinity; Growing area beach elevation should be not less than the local mean sea level line, and whole district's gradient is little, and draining is good, tide dynamic force a little less than; Plantation matrix from sandy to mud matter all can, salinity is low being advisable;
<2〉all can carry out the sabkha grass planting annual March to November of planting season and time, 3 to April and 10 to November temperature suitable, though 5 to September, temperature was higher, but precipitation is abundant, careless piece is grown after being conducive to field planting, and the date that the dried dew time that concrete implantation time is chosen in the beach on daytime is less than flooding time is advisable;
<3〉seedling and provenance are seedling with the careless piece of the soil of the band in the growth, utilize and directly plant with young shoot and sleeping bud in the native careless piece, save the operation of growing seedlings; Select riotous growth, no damage by disease and insect, area is bigger in flakes natural cyperus malaccensis population as provenance, be advisable close with the plantation destination of salinity, tidal regime, medium property of provenance;
<4〉be with native careless block specifications according to cyperus malaccensis provenance upgrowth situation, specification is 10cm * 10cm to 30cm * 30cm, and the degree of depth 20 is conducive to rapid sprout growth and expansion to 30cm; Take the most of terrestrial stem that prescinds plant before the careless piece earlier, toothing 30cm makes things convenient for handling grass piece and keeps grass block-shaped, and institute obtains the packaged bag of grass and is transported to the plantation destination;
<5〉plant the collection of grass planting piece and tightly be connected with the plantation operation, the strict principle that the same day, plantation finished of collecting seed the same day of carrying out is to improve careless piece germination rate and storage rate; Draw markd rope to determine seeding row spacing during plantation, 50cm * 50cm to 100cm * 100cm has earlier put careless piece on seeding row spacing place mark next door, digs to be slightly larger than the block-shaped hole, cave of grass again, puts into careless piece and compresses and get final product;
<6〉growth hormone used before careless piece is put into cave hole field planting and sprays, and concentration and consumption get final product by the recommendation of draft in the various short growth hormone of taking root;
<7〉base manure and the potash fertilizer that topdresses in the morning and evening tides wetland are abundant, so cyperus malaccensis fertilising emphasis is nitrogenous fertilizer, and in addition, zinc fertilizer can promote bud to sprout and the terrestrial stem elongation; Per 100 careless piece basal dressing consumptions are carbon ammonium 200g, superphosphate 100g and zinc sulphate 10g; Topdress and discharge in March to May, per 100 careless piece basal dressing consumptions are carbon ammonium 100g; Take to execute the slow-release fertilizer mode, be chosen in spring season to dig the cave and bury and execute;
<8〉manage and protect measure
1. the main effect of fence-building fence is to prevent that people and animals from entering the forest land and destroying careless beach, intercepts external rubbish, deadwood withered grass and macro etc. simultaneously, and the fence height should be higher than local maximum high-water mark 50cm to 100cm;
2. copper-bath splash control, manually removing are in case of necessity taked in macros such as the Enteromorpha outburst serious threat cyperus malaccensis existence in Enteromorpha control annual March in December to next year;
3. disease control angular leaf spot is the main disease of harm cyperus malaccensis, except noting fertilising strong sprout, must close observation at the sick initial stage pesticide control of sending out of angular leaf spot, with 600 to 800 times of metalaxyl liquid sprayings of 25% wetting powder, sprayed 1 time every 15 to 20 days, even spray 2 to 3 times;
4. gathering in the ecological recovery is the artificial cyperus malaccensis grass beach of purpose, should only gather in one batch in the autumn and winter, and about toothing 10cm.
Concrete implantation time is overcast and rainy the best, reduces the quick-fried Sai injury of the sun.
Be with native careless piece to be square.
Growth characteristic at cyperus malaccensis, the inventor provides a cover the complete method at morning and evening tides wetland plantation cyperus malaccensis, mainly comprises the selection of plantation beach, planting season and time, seedling and provenance, band soil careless block specifications, plantation, growth hormone use, base manure and topdresses and manage and protect key link such as measure.Use the present invention at morning and evening tides wetland plantation sabkha plant---cyperus malaccensis, can significantly promote to be implanted in cyperus malaccensis survival rate and growth rate in the morning and evening tides wetland, what both promoted the strand wetlands ecosystems has efficient recovery and a sustainable development, can obtain certain income again from the cyperus malaccensis economic utilization.
Embodiment
Use the present invention and planted 1 hectare of cyperus malaccensis in 2010 at logical sequence river mouth, north, Guangxi beach.
<1〉to select growing area be the sandy beach of raising of manually blowing sand to the plantation beach, and the beach elevation is higher than local mean sea level line 5cm, and is region-wide more smooth, have artificial tidal creek, draining is good, tide dynamic force a little less than, seawater salinity the highest by 26 (winter) is fresh water after the ebb at the incoming tide;
<2〉plantation of planting season and time is September in month, according to the oceanic tide table of National Bureau of Oceanography's issue, has specifically selected date of 4 to the 5 hours dried dew time of beach on daytime to collect seedling and plant;
<3〉seedling and provenance and select a slice riotous growth, no damage by disease and insect, area is bigger in flakes natural cyperus malaccensis population as the provenance at thatch tail Haihe River, Guangxi oral region with native careless block specifications, the careless piece of band soil cyperus malaccensis that takes length of side 20cm * 20cm, degree of depth 20cm is seedling; Take the most of terrestrial stem that prescinds plant before the careless piece earlier, general toothing 30cm makes things convenient for handling grass piece and keeps grass block-shaped; The careless packaged Nylon Bag that digs is transported to the plantation destination;
<4〉planting the collection of grass planting piece tightly is connected with the plantation operation, the strict principle that the same day, plantation finished of collecting seed the same day of carrying out, to improve careless piece germination rate and storage rate, during plantation with drawing markd rope to guarantee to embark on journey into row, determine that seeding row spacing is 100cm * 100cm, earlier put careless piece on seeding row spacing place mark next door, dug again and be slightly larger than the block-shaped hole, cave of grass, put into careless piece and compress and get final product;
<5〉growth hormone uses the strong plantlets and rootage agent that Anqing company produces, and sprays herbal recommendation on concentration and the consumption by specification before careless piece is put into cave hole field planting;
<6〉base manure and dispensing base manure when digging pit plantation that topdresses, per 100 careless piece basal dressing consumptions are carbon ammonium 200g, superphosphate 100g and zinc sulphate 10g; Topdress in March, 2011 dispensing, per 100 careless piece basal dressing consumptions are carbon ammonium 100g; Take to execute the slow-release fertilizer mode, be chosen in spring season to dig the cave and bury and execute;
<7〉manage and protect measure
1. fence-building is built fence with the whole corrals of planting site, net height 3m (being higher than maximum high-water mark 50cm), and mesh is greater than 5cm;
2. Enteromorpha control January to March, with 40 times copper-bath splash planting area beach and the manual algal filament of extracing on the winding cyperus malaccensis plant;
3. disease control,, connects and sprays 2 times every spray in 15 days 1 time with 800 times of metalaxyl liquid sprayings of 25% wetting powder at the sick initial stage pesticide control of sending out of angular leaf spot;
4. gather in January and gather in one batch, about every strain toothing 10cm.
<7〉planting effect uses the present invention to carry out the cyperus malaccensis plantation at Zhushan County's beach in September, 2010, plants 1 hectare of cyperus malaccensis altogether, and finish whole plantation work in October, 2010, adds up survival rate December and be that to add up survival rate in April, 90%, 2011 be 80%, and remains unchanged; The cyperus malaccensis of plantation was outwards expanded 50cm when investigated in December, 2011, linked together with adjacent cyperus malaccensis, formed closing, lasted 15 months.

Claims (3)

1. method at morning and evening tides wetland plantation cyperus malaccensis is characterized in that mainly may further comprise the steps:
<1〉the plantation beach selects growing area beach elevation should be not less than the local mean sea level line, and whole district's gradient is little, and draining is good, tide dynamic force a little less than; The plantation matrix from sandy to mud matter all can, salinity is lower;
<2〉all can carry out the sabkha grass planting annual March to November of planting season and time, the dried dew time that concrete implantation time is chosen in the beach on daytime is less than the date of flooding time;
<3〉seedling and provenance are seedling with the careless piece of band soil in the growth, select riotous growth, no damage by disease and insect, area is bigger in flakes natural cyperus malaccensis population as provenance;
<4〉being with native careless block specifications is 10cm * 10cm to 30cm * 30cm, and the degree of depth 20 is to 30cm, takes the most of terrestrial stem that prescinds plant before the careless piece earlier, toothing 30cm, and institute obtains the packaged bag of grass and is transported to the plantation destination;
<5〉planting the collection of grass planting piece tightly is connected with the plantation operation, the strict principle that the same day, plantation finished of collecting seed the same day of carrying out, draw markd rope to determine seeding row spacing during plantation, 50cm * 50cm to 100cm * 100cm, put careless piece on seeding row spacing place mark next door earlier, dig again and be slightly larger than hole, the block-shaped cave of grass, put into careless piece and compress and get final product;
<6〉growth hormone used before careless piece is put into cave hole field planting and sprays, and concentration and consumption get final product by the recommendation of draft in the various short growth hormone of taking root;
<7〉base manure and the per 100 careless piece basal dressing consumptions that topdress are carbon ammonium 200g, superphosphate 100g and zinc sulphate 10g; Topdress and discharge in March to May, per 100 careless piece fertilising consumptions are carbon ammonium 100g; Take to execute the slow-release fertilizer mode, be chosen in spring season to dig the cave and bury and execute;
<8〉manage and protect measure
1. fence-building fence height should be higher than local maximum high-water mark 50cm to 100cm;
2. copper-bath splash control, manually removing are in case of necessity taked in the macro outburst serious threat cyperus malaccensis existence in Enteromorpha control annual March in December to next year;
3. disease control,, connects and sprays 2 to 3 times every spray in 15 to 20 days 1 time with 600 to 800 times of metalaxyl liquid sprayings of 25% wetting powder at the sick initial stage pesticide control of sending out of angular leaf spot;
4. gathering in the ecological recovery is the artificial cyperus malaccensis grass beach of purpose, should only gather in one batch in the autumn and winter, and about toothing 10cm.
2. the method at morning and evening tides wetland plantation cyperus malaccensis according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described concrete implantation time is overcast and rainy.
3. the method at morning and evening tides wetland plantation cyperus malaccensis according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the native careless piece of described band is square.
CN 201210098716 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 Method for planting cyperus malaccensis in tidal wetland Active CN102612967B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201210098716 CN102612967B (en) 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 Method for planting cyperus malaccensis in tidal wetland

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201210098716 CN102612967B (en) 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 Method for planting cyperus malaccensis in tidal wetland

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102612967A CN102612967A (en) 2012-08-01
CN102612967B true CN102612967B (en) 2013-10-02

Family

ID=46553450

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201210098716 Active CN102612967B (en) 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 Method for planting cyperus malaccensis in tidal wetland

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102612967B (en)

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104996260B (en) * 2015-07-14 2018-01-09 中国林业科学研究院热带林业研究所 The high sandy culture pond Mangroves method of salinity
CN106576478B (en) * 2016-11-30 2018-10-19 国家海洋局第二海洋研究所 Non inhabitation islands intertidal zone stereo ecological restorative procedure
CN106856918A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-06-20 广西壮族自治区海洋研究院 In the method that southern tide wetland plants reed
CN106922345A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-07-07 广西壮族自治区海洋研究院 In the method that tide wetland application bilimbate seta Fischer grass carries out restoration of the ecosystem
CN106922344A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-07-07 广西壮族自治区海洋研究院 In the method that the short leaf cyperus malaccensis of tide wetland application carries out restoration of the ecosystem
CN109819817A (en) * 2017-11-23 2019-05-31 深圳市铁汉生态环境股份有限公司 A method of tidal water body is repaired using ornamental draft

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102172157B (en) * 2011-03-03 2012-05-23 中国科学院华南植物园 Method for ecologically greening coastal saline and alkaline land
CN102138491B (en) * 2011-04-12 2012-05-23 天津海林园艺环保科技工程有限公司 Soil and ecological control method for coastal beaches
CN102167446B (en) * 2011-05-04 2012-11-21 中咨城建设计有限公司 Artificial wetland and construction method thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102612967A (en) 2012-08-01

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Brix et al. Large-scale management of common reed, Phragmites australis, for paper production: A case study from the Liaohe Delta, China
CN102612967B (en) Method for planting cyperus malaccensis in tidal wetland
Teas Silviculture with saline water
CN102926351B (en) A kind of river lakeside slope ecology three sections of administering method based on ecology bag
CN103404346B (en) A kind of cultivation method of mulberry field interplanting ginger
CN105474938A (en) Restoration method of degraded ecosystem in hilly areas of Funiu Mountain in Western Henan Province
CN109006111A (en) The method of Ecological Civilization Construction
CN102017856A (en) Method for reconstructing and recovering wetland vegetation by transplanting reed roots
CN105027947A (en) Efficient cultivating method suitable for stereoscopic planting of South peonies for oil extraction and pear trees
CN104737735B (en) Method for ecological afforestation of coastal saline-alkali areas by means of original soil cultivation
CN108370881A (en) The method that herbaceous plant copes with Global climate change
CN106856918A (en) In the method that southern tide wetland plants reed
Thomas et al. Physical and biotic environment of southern highland Peru
Woodhouse Building salt marshes along the coasts of the continental United States
Karuku Soil and water conservation measures and challenges in Kenya; A review
CN104798658B (en) The breeding and afforestation method of Rocky Desertification Region rare tree teak
CN105660089A (en) Cultivation method for compound planting under forests of belamcanda chinensis as Chinese herbal medicine
CN102138458B (en) Ecological moisture retention device for ensuring plants grown on barren lands to live through critical survival periods
CN101713179A (en) Method for reinforcing soil and stabilizing water for runoff pond-grass network in deteriorated mountain land of dry and hot river valley of Chinsha river
CN105393893A (en) Constructing and building method for non-suitable-for-forestry new diked tidal flat coast protection forest backbone shelterbelt
CN109006226A (en) With the method for C4 plant reply Global climate change
CN100384324C (en) Method for cultivating hybrid reed
Singh The Role of Prosopis in reclaiming high-pH soils and in meeting firewood and forage needs of small farmers
CN106576474A (en) Efficient ecological restoration method for slope in South China
CN108077008B (en) A kind of guard method of Arid Sandy Areas oasis forward position plant seedling growth

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model