CN1094034C - Artificial cultivation method of wild suaeda glauce - Google Patents

Artificial cultivation method of wild suaeda glauce Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1094034C
CN1094034C CN97106197A CN97106197A CN1094034C CN 1094034 C CN1094034 C CN 1094034C CN 97106197 A CN97106197 A CN 97106197A CN 97106197 A CN97106197 A CN 97106197A CN 1094034 C CN1094034 C CN 1094034C
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plant
sowing
wild
glauce
artificial cultivation
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CN1216216A (en
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邢军武
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Institute of Oceanology of CAS
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Institute of Oceanology of CAS
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Abstract

The present invention discloses an artificial cultivation method for wild suaeda glauce. Strong wild suaeda glauce plants are firstly used as seed sources. The method comprises the steps of seed selection, soil preparation, sowing, watering, field management, thinning, distance adjustment, etc. When the plants grow to be 15cm to 18cm tall, tender buds are cut and eaten as suaeda glauce vegetables, or main buds are reserved to come into flower and produce seeds. The seeds are harvested within one week after hoar frost descends. The seeds are used as oil material or used for sowing in the coming year. The present invention realizes the crop production of suaeda glauce by artificially culturing the suaeda glauce. Saline land, salinas along the sea and sea water or salt water can be used for producing vegetables, oil material and feed which have high nutrient values. The method is simple and practical. The present invention can make do with what is available, develop salinas and benefit people.

Description

The artificial cultivation method of wild suaeda glauce
Affiliated technical field
The invention discloses the cultivation method of a kind of wild plant, specifically is a kind of artificial cultivation method of wild suaeda glauce, and it belongs to the crop cultivating technology field.
Background technology
Nearly in the world at present more than 600,000,000 hectares of saline-alkali wastelands, also there are abundant saline-alkali wasteland and coastal beach in China, and abundant saline groundwater and inexhaustible seawater resources are arranged.But these soils and seawater resources can't be used for agricultural production because of being not suitable for the growth demand of traditional crop.Up to now, real saline land and the seawater growth forbidden zone that remains traditional crop.Therefore, screen the wild halophytes that those have potential edibility, and make it to do materialization, can make saline-alkali wasteland need not improvement and promptly may be used for food production, and make seawater and saline groundwater be able to agricultural use.Chenopodiaceae Suaeda Suach Forsk plant is natural wild anti-saline and alkaline plant.This plant grows wild is on coastal beach and in the landlocked saline and alkaline desert, and its seed production is at the 225-300Kg/ hectare, and is also very low as the output of edible edible wild herbs.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to provide a kind of artificial cultivation method of wild suaeda glauce, to realize the fluffy artificial cultivation of alkali and to do materialization production.Cultivation method of the present invention is intended to open up fluffy growth of alkali and edible range, improves its output, and vegetables, oil plant and the feed that is of high nutritive value is provided for the human lives.This cultivation method, simple, be beneficial to popularization, can implement on the basis of the existing conditions no matter how simple and crude, higher operability is arranged.
Task of the present invention is realized that by following technical scheme invention has designed a kind of artificial cultivation method of wild suaeda glauce, and this method is cultivated according to the following steps:
(1), to choose healthy and strong wild suaeda glauce plant be that female parent is chosen seeds, and in two weeks in last ten-days period in October in every year, gathers full kind of fringe, after drying, removes ear stem, screening kind granularity is standby in the seed kind of Φ 0.7-4mm;
(2), sow: select the smooth soil of being convenient to irrigation and drainage of physical features wholely, turn over and rake, the moulding of whole ground under the condition of 10-40 ℃ of nature or artificial environment temperature, can be sowed at any time, seeding quantity is at the 15-30Kg/ hectare, look soil fertility and use sufficient base fertilizer, with seed with tread after topsoil mixes, water permeable, water little water every day before sprouting, and keeps ground moistening;
(3), plant field management: sprouted in after planting 2-4 days, adhere to after sprouting that every day, duty was watered, the ground moistening that keeps plant strain growth, when treating that plant strain growth arrives the high 22-28cm of average plant, cut that to cut tender tip 12-18cm edible as vegetables, the plant toothing should be at 8-12cm, be as the criterion to keep two cotyledons at least, cutting the toothing plant of cutting behind the tender tip wants duty to water, impel side to grow slightly, so repeat to gather in the crops the tender tip 2-4 time, can gather in the crops the tender tip vegetables of 15000-30000Kg/ hectare altogether, can pull out old plant, again sowing cultivation again;
As the plant of the oil plant raw material or the usefulness of reserving seed for planting, then do not cut and cut the tender tip, treat plant blossom, set seeds, up to time in the Frost's Descent last ten-days period in October then, can gather in the crops the kind fringe of 750-1875Kg/ hectare, this seed is as the raw material of producing oil plant or the sowing in the coming year of reserving seed for planting.
The artificial cultivation method of this wild suaeda glauce, in described (three): when treating plant strain growth to plant height 15-18cm, can between pull out that plant goes, the spacing in the rows adjustment, adjust embark on journey, spacing in the rows respectively is: 20-25cm is beneficial to plant strain growth.
The artificial cultivation method of this wild suaeda glauce, best preference temperature 18-27 ℃ of described sowing.
The artificial cultivation method of this wild suaeda glauce, described plant as the oil plant raw material or the usefulness of reserving seed for planting, the Best Times of its sowing is sowing in 20 days before and after the annual Qing Ming Day, or is 10 ℃ ± 2 ℃ sowing in spring at temperature.
The artificial cultivation method of this wild suaeda glauce, described selection soil can be the saline land of soil salt content (weight) 0.01-10%, or saline and alkaline beach, or ground, sandy beach; Preferably select the soil of 0.8-5% salt content (weight).
The artificial cultivation method of this wild suaeda glauce, described watering, its used water can be seawater, also can be salt water, or degree of saltiness water, certainly also fresh water.
The artificial cultivation method of this wild suaeda glauce, the moulding of described whole ground: its type ground can be flat furrow type, promptly in the saline land or saline and alkaline beach ground, rakes through turning over and to make the wide flat furrow of 1-1.5m; Also can be ditch ridge type,, make the ditch ridge after raking through turning over promptly in the saline land or saline and alkaline beach ground: furrow width 10-20cm, ditch depth 8-20cm, two ditches are at a distance of 10-20cm; Can also be the sand table type,, build pond or device dish and fill with fine sand and rake and make husky furrow promptly on the ground, sandy beach that can prevent that tidewater or stormy waves corrode.
The artificial cultivation method of this wild suaeda glauce is cut the toothing plant of cutting behind the tender tip in described (three), except duty is watered, also can append organic fertilizer or chemical fertilizer.
The artificial cultivation method of this wild suaeda glauce, described wild suaeda glauce, it mainly is meant the fluffy s.glauca Bunge of alkali in the lamb's-quarters material Suaeda, Suaeda salsa S.salsa (L) Pall, the flat fluffy S.Prostratr hall of alkali that crouches, four kinds of annual herb alkali of the fluffy S.corniculah of alkali (C.A.Mey) Bunge are fluffy.The also fluffy kind of alkali of these other annual herbs of Suaeda.
Artificial cultivation method of the present invention, its advantage is: owing to choose kind of granularity at Φ 0.7-4mm, make that alkali is fluffy to make the first step that materialization is produced: the factor of merit and the bud ratio of provenance have had guarantee.The vegetables fluffy for alkali produce, because selected sowing selected again best preference temperature 18-27 ℃ of sowing down in temperature 10-40 ℃ scope on opportunity, when collecting tender tip vegetables, cut and cut the tender tip owing to designed repeated multiple times, thereby improved yield of vegetables, up to the 30750Kg/ hectare.Stipulated again: the plant height scope of toothing plant and to keep the standard that two cotyledons are as the criterion at least, be equipped with duty again and water, this has just promoted the growth of the side tip; And adopt seawater or irrigation with saline water, and make full use of inexhaustible seawater and bring up the tender tip vegetables of the high yield that is of high nutritive value, improved the economic worth of the fluffy crop of alkali.This cultivation method has designed the planting technique of producing oilseed again: at first take sowing preposition opportunity, 20 days or temperature have sufficiently long growing period to guarantee plant about 10 ℃ ± 2 ℃ before and after the Qing Ming Day, and is full in order to seed, the big body weight of grain.Secondly pull out plant between taking again, the row of adjustment plant, spacing in the rows are equipped with duty and water at 20-25cm, the objective condition that plant is had reach full growth makes the bud ratio of plant, growth plant height, side tip developmental rate all improves greatly, has guaranteed that the output of tender tip vegetables and seed improves.Designed different whole ground patterns, guaranteed saline land and saline and alkaline beach and be used to produce abundant vegetables to the sandy beach, the intensely processed products of edible oil, feed and multiple follow-up high added value can form new comprehensive industry.The fluffy artificial cultivation method of this alkali has good ecological effect and environmental effect simultaneously, can be used for to saline and alkaline barren beach greening, beautify, be used for seashore water and soil conservation, saline and alkaline dust storm etc. is eliminated in pollution control.
Embodiment
Embodiments of the invention are as follows, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited only to following examples.Will serve as maternal seed selection with healthy and strong wild suaeda glauce plant at first, gather the kind fringe of full grains in promptly annual last ten-days period in October in a week after the Frost's Descent, discard the 1/3-1/4 of the complete approximately fringe of top tip fringe, it be standby to dry storage.Also can remove ear stem, cross 26 mesh sieve holes, discard the granule seed after putting in order strain kind fringe and drying, standby after selection by winnowing or dustpan are raised the removal of impurity again.
Embodiment 1
Saline land in coastal soil salinity 2%, make wide 1 meter flat furrow after raking through turning over, clear and bright sowing the previous day, with kind of a 30Kg/ hectare, irrigate seawater (salinity is 3%), watering every day keeps moistening, sprouts in three days, and duty is watered little water, plant height pulls out results between about the 17 centimetres first time, plant height is cut the tender tip of receiving on two cotyledons (reservation cotyledon) for about 24 centimetres, chases after night soil 1500Kg/ hectare then, waters permeable one time, duty is watered little water and is kept moistening, treat that the side tip grows about 25 centimetres, it is preceding at two to four true leaves of base portion reservation to cut the tender tip of receipts for the second time, and topdressing, it is the same to water.Gather altogether vegetables four times.Hectare produces the tender tip vegetables of 27000Kg.
Embodiment 2
In coastal soil salinity is to turn over and open wide about 150cm after raking in 1% saline land, dark about 20cm, two ditches are at a distance of the shallow ridges of about 20cm, with ripe circle soil is that base fertilizer imposes on bottom of trench, quantity is the 15000Kg/ hectare, broadcast seed into bottom of trench (seed consumption 15Kg/ hectare) the first tenday period of a month in April, and the pouring saline groundwater sprouted in two days, at any time water and keep moistening, during about 18 centimetres of plant height, thinning, final singling dial a results part plant to do vegetables, making spacing in the rows is 20 centimetres, bloom August, October maturation, per hectare is produced seed 1875Kg.
Embodiment 3
In 10 * 20 * 0.6 meter brick pond, contain husky thick 50 centimetres, the sowing in July, earlier the fluffy seed of alkali is evenly disseminated in Shamian Island, spread 1-3 centimetre of fine sand again and evenly cover compacting, execute urea 4.5Kg, with salinity be 3% nature seawater evenly spray water permeable and diligent watering and keep sand humidity, sprouted in two days, and during about 17 centimetres of plant height, dialled results, cut during 25 centimetres of plant heights and receive the tender tip, and, impose ammonium sulfate 4.5Kg after gathering at base portion two cotyledons of reservation and two true leaves, fully water to impel the side tip to grow, replay after receiving the tender tip 2 times, hectare produces 15000Kg.
Embodiment 4
In the soil salinity is that 5% beach is opened wide about 15cm, dark about 20cm, two ditches are at a distance of the shallow ridges of about 20cm, with ripe circle soil is that base fertilizer imposes on bottom of trench, quantity is the 22500Kg/ hectare, sowing mid-April (seed consumption 15Kg/ hectare), pouring underground water (salinity is 1%) sprouted in two days, water little water, during about 18 centimetres of plant height, dial results part plant, making spacing in the rows is 20 centimetres, plant height is cut and is imposed night soil 2250Kg/ hectare after receiving the tender tip (keeping cotyledon and two true leaves) for about 24 centimetres, water permeable one time, duty is watered little water and is kept moistening, treats that the side tip grows about 24 centimetres.Cut once more and receive the tender tip and keep two true leaves, topdress that it is the same to water at base portion, the vegetables three times of gathering, hectare produces the tender tip vegetables of 30750Kg.
Embodiment 5
In the soil salinity 0.8% the wide 1m of saline land furrow, the clear and bright fluffy seed of alkali that will mix with soil in preceding two days is evenly broadcast into the furrow face and is treaded, and waters salinity and be 3% seawater, keeps moistening, emerged in three days, thinning during about 16 centimetres of plant height, final singling, pull out, results part plant also respectively reaches more than 20 centimetres strain, line-spacing, executes 225 kilograms/hectare in ammonium sulfate, duty is watered, bloom August, receives seed October, and hectare produces 1500 kilograms.

Claims (7)

1, a kind of artificial cultivation method of wild suaeda glauce is characterized in that: this method is cultivated according to the following steps:
(1) it is standby in the seed kind of φ 0.7-4mm to choose granularity;
(2) sow under temperature 10-40 ℃ condition, seeding quantity is at the 15-30Kg/ hectare;
(3) after planting water and keep the ground moistening of plant strain growth, impel its growth of sprouting smoothly;
When (4) producing as vegetables, treat that plant strain growth arrives the high 22-28cm of average plant, it is slightly tender to gather in the top, but the plant toothing should be at 8-12cm or is kept two cotyledons at least, should water simultaneously and impel side to grow slightly, can repeat to gather after 2-4 time, pull out old plant, again sowing again;
When (5) producing, do not gather in during the plant strain growth, after making plant blossom, setting seeds, in time in the Frost's Descent last ten-days period in October results kind of a fringe, as the raw material of oil plant production or the sowing in the coming year of reserving seed for planting as oil plant or seed.
2, according to the artificial cultivation method of the wild suaeda glauce of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described sowing temperature is: 18--27 ℃.
3, according to the artificial cultivation method of the wild suaeda glauce of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described plant as the oil plant raw material or the usefulness of reserving seed for planting, its sowing time is sowing in 20 days before and after the annual Qing Ming Day, or is 10 ± 2 ℃ sowing in spring at temperature.
4, according to the artificial cultivation method of the wild suaeda glauce of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the soil of sowing wild suaeda glauce is the saline land of soil salt content at 0.01-10%, or saline and alkaline beach, or ground, sandy beach.
5, according to the artificial cultivation method of the wild suaeda glauce of claim 4, it is characterized in that: the soil of 0.8-5% salt content is selected in the soil of sowing wild suaeda glauce.
6, according to the artificial cultivation method of the wild alkali lotus of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described watering, water that it is used or seawater, or salt water, or degree of saltiness water, or fresh water.
7, according to the artificial cultivation method of the wild suaeda glauce of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described wild suaeda glauce, it is meant in the Chenopodiaceae Suaeda, the fluffy S.glauca bunge of alkali, Suaeda salsa S.solsa (L) Pall, the flat fluffy S.Prostratr Pall of alkali that crouches, the fluffy S.comiculata of alkali (C.A.Mey) Bunge, four kinds of annual herb alkali are fluffy.
CN97106197A 1997-11-05 1997-11-05 Artificial cultivation method of wild suaeda glauce Expired - Fee Related CN1094034C (en)

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Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN103563594B (en) * 2012-07-27 2016-06-22 辽宁省海洋水产科学研究院 A kind of method planting Suaeda heteroptera at Inversion of Tidal Flat
CN103039249B (en) * 2013-01-09 2014-05-07 甘肃省治沙研究所 Cultivation method of seedlings of Corispermum patelliforme
CN103460847A (en) * 2013-08-21 2013-12-25 大连海洋大学 Suaeda heteroptera wetland colonization method
CN104255405B (en) * 2014-08-27 2016-06-08 江苏省农业科学院 The artificial floating bed making method of a kind of Suaeda plant
CN105103837A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-12-02 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Interplanting method of suaeda glauca bge and oilseed rape in saline-alkali soil
CN105123183A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-12-09 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Method for planting Suaeda salsa on saline-alkali land
CN105493842A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-04-20 中国科学院海洋研究所 Halophyte planting method capable of avoiding seeding
CN107251754A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-10-17 河北省农林科学院谷子研究所 The implantation methods of quinoa seedling
CN107278610A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-10-24 河北省农林科学院谷子研究所 The crop rotation implantation methods of quinoa seedling millet
CN107493927A (en) * 2017-09-27 2017-12-22 盐城工学院 A kind of fluffy implantation methods of desalination soil dish alkali
CN112715088A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-30 中国科学院西北高原生物研究所 Chenopodium quinoa willd seed reserving method

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3019630B2 (en) * 1992-10-22 2000-03-13 松下電器産業株式会社 Adhesive coating device

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3019630B2 (en) * 1992-10-22 2000-03-13 松下電器産業株式会社 Adhesive coating device

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