CN102257915A - Method for transversely growing yam and interplanting spring and autumn potato under coverage of straw - Google Patents

Method for transversely growing yam and interplanting spring and autumn potato under coverage of straw Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102257915A
CN102257915A CN 201110109363 CN201110109363A CN102257915A CN 102257915 A CN102257915 A CN 102257915A CN 201110109363 CN201110109363 CN 201110109363 CN 201110109363 A CN201110109363 A CN 201110109363A CN 102257915 A CN102257915 A CN 102257915A
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Prior art keywords
potato
chinese yam
straw
yam
spring
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CN 201110109363
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梁文荣
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梁文荣
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Priority to CN 201110109363 priority Critical patent/CN102257915A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for transversely growing yam and interplanting spring and autumn potato under the coverage of straw. The method is characterized by comprising the following steps of: a, before planting spring potato, paving a film groove for planting yam, filling carbonized rice hull, and covering a soil layer; b, planting potato into a yam bed surface in February by adopting a technology for planting potato under the coverage of straw; c, fixedly planting yam seedlings in the film groove in April and growing together with the potato; d, harvesting potato in the middle and last thirds of May, and putting the yam up for growing continually; and e, planting straw-covered potato on the yam bed surface in the middle of August, and harvesting the yam and the potato till the last third of October to the last third of November.

Description

Chinese yam grows wild and the spring and autumn straw covers the potato interplanting
Technical field:
The present invention relates to agricultural gardening field, refer more particularly to the plantation new technology of Chinese yam and potato, specifically is that Chinese yam grows wild and the spring and autumn straw covers the potato interplanting.
Background technology:
Tradition yam planting or trench digging or punching, time-consuming, require great effort, take a lot of work, and the soil is selected also harsh, require subterranean water level to be lower than on the deep alluviation sandy soil of 1 meter, soil layer, other glues heavy soil, has the soil of conglomerate or chad all can not plant, also can not continuous cropping.Chinese yam stem tuber growth is darker, and the labour intensity of gathering is big, and the easy damaged stem tuber, also takes a lot of work very much an able-bodied laborer 3 lis of ground of gathering at most only in a day when gathering.More than these, increased the plant husbandry cost of Chinese yam greatly, also hindered the development of Chinese yam industry.
Mountain, the Huaihe River shallow planting technology of Jiedong County, Jieyang City, Guangdong Province woods osmanthus invention is to change mountain, Huaihe River stem tuber artificially to be grown to vertically downward near ridge face soil layer constant slope directional growth, can be at polytype soil large tracts of land popularizing planting, reach high yield, high-quality, purpose efficiently.
The omnidistance mulching plant potato of the non-tillage field straw that China Paddy Rice Inst promotes technology is after rice harves, and non-tillage field is directly ditched into furrow, potato seed is placed in Tu Mianshang, and, cooperate suitable fertilising and control measures with the omnidistance covering of straw, until the bright potato of results.It is the potato light cultivation technology of saving of labor's abridged edition, high-yield and high-efficiency.
Chinese yam and potato intercropping also do not have the report of plantation.And Chinese yam cross growth and the planting technology of sowing the spring and autumn potato in the straw of its covering are not again reported yet.
Summary of the invention:
The present invention is directed to above-mentioned situation, provide a kind of Chinese yam to grow wild and covered the method for potato interplanting with the spring and autumn straw.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Chinese yam grows wild and the spring and autumn straw covers the potato interplanting, it is characterized in that comprising the steps:
A. before plantation spring potato, lay the film groove that the plantation Chinese yam is used earlier, fill in carbonization rice husk, covered soil layer;
B.2 adopting straw to cover the potato seed planting technology in month is implanted in potato seed on the Chinese yam furrow face;
C.4 month on the film groove, grows the field planting of Chinese yam seedling with potato jointly;
D.5 the potato of gathering month the middle ten days and the last ten days, the continued growth of Chinese yam built;
E.8 on Chinese yam furrow face, plant season straw covering potato, after late October to late November, gather simultaneously Chinese yam and potato the middle of the month again.
Above-mentioned film groove is the substitute of the required special shallow living groove of Chinese yam cross growth in the prior art, and the film groove is to make with the water discarded soft band of water pipe of usefulness of rural area; Refuse reclamation promptly provides cost savings, and has also protected environment.
Above-mentioned carbonization rice husk is the substitute that shallow living groove is filled flour sand in the prior art, and the carbonization rice husk after the washing is neutral alkali partially, is unfavorable for the harmful microbe growth and breeding, can guarantee Chinese yam stem tuber healthy growth, helps the continuous cropping plantation of Chinese yam.
Above-mentioned straw covers the straw of using in the potato seed planting technology, is the covering of Chinese yam soil moisture conservation, is again the growing environment of potato knot potato piece, still is fertilizer behind the advanced decay, and straw has obtained a thing three usefulness.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1. changing 1 year one season is 1 year three season, has improved the output efficiency in soil greatly, every 667m 2Increase economic efficiency about 5000 yuan.
2. changing the required special shallow living groove of Chinese yam cross growth is the film groove that waters and make with the discarded soft band of water pipe in the rural area.Refuse reclamation provides cost savings and has also protected environment.
3. change the filler flour sand, for filling carbonization rice husk, the carbonization rice husk after the washing is neutral alkali partially, is unfavorable for the harmful microbe growth and breeding, can guarantee Chinese yam stem tuber healthy growth, helps the continuous cropping plantation of Chinese yam.
4. be fit to intercroppings such as Chinese yam and potato, garlic bolt, shallot.
Embodiment:
Chinese yam grows wild and the spring and autumn straw covers the potato interplanting, and concrete steps are as follows:
A. before plantation spring potato, lay the film groove that the plantation Chinese yam is used earlier, fill in carbonization rice husk, covered soil layer; The film groove is to make with the water discarded soft band of water pipe of usefulness of rural area, promptly provides cost savings, and has also protected environment;
B.2 adopting straw to cover the potato seed planting technology in month is implanted in potato seed on the Chinese yam furrow face;
C.4 month on the film groove, grows the field planting of Chinese yam seedling with potato jointly;
D.5 the potato of gathering month the middle ten days and the last ten days, the continued growth of Chinese yam built;
E.8 on Chinese yam furrow face, plant season straw covering potato, after late October to late November, gather simultaneously Chinese yam and potato the middle of the month again.
Carbonization rice husk is the substitute that shallow living groove is filled flour sand in the prior art, and the carbonization rice husk after the washing is neutral alkali partially, is unfavorable for the harmful microbe growth and breeding, can guarantee Chinese yam stem tuber healthy growth, helps the continuous cropping plantation of Chinese yam.
Straw covers the straw of using in the potato seed planting technology, is the covering of Chinese yam soil moisture conservation, is again the growing environment of potato knot potato piece, still is fertilizer behind the advanced decay, and straw has obtained a thing three usefulness.
Chinese yam cross growth and the omnidistance mulching plant potato of straw technology are organically combined, and changing 1 year one season is 1 year three season, has improved the output efficiency in soil greatly.

Claims (4)

1. Chinese yam grows wild and the interplanting of spring and autumn straw covering potato, it is characterized in that,
Comprise the steps:
A. before plantation spring potato, lay the film groove that the plantation Chinese yam is used earlier, fill in carbonization rice husk, covered soil layer;
B.2 adopting straw to cover the potato seed planting technology in month is implanted in potato seed on the Chinese yam furrow face;
C.4 month on the film groove, grows the field planting of Chinese yam seedling with potato jointly;
D.5 the potato of gathering month the middle ten days and the last ten days, the continued growth of Chinese yam built;
E.8 on Chinese yam furrow face, plant season straw covering potato, after late October to late November, gather simultaneously Chinese yam and potato the middle of the month again.
2. Chinese yam according to claim 1 grows wild and the spring and autumn straw covers the potato interplanting, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned film groove is the substitute of the required special shallow living groove of Chinese yam cross growth in the prior art, and the film groove is to make with the water discarded soft band of water pipe of usefulness of rural area; Refuse reclamation both provided cost savings, and had also protected environment.
3. Chinese yam according to claim 1 grows wild and the spring and autumn straw covers the potato interplanting, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned carbonization rice husk is the substitute that shallow living groove is filled flour sand in the prior art, carbonization rice husk after the washing is neutral alkali partially, be unfavorable for the harmful microbe growth and breeding, can guarantee Chinese yam stem tuber healthy growth, help the continuous cropping plantation of Chinese yam.
4. Chinese yam according to claim 1 grows wild and the spring and autumn straw covers the potato interplanting, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned straw covers the straw of using in the potato seed planting technology, it is the covering of Chinese yam soil moisture conservation, it is again the growing environment of potato knot potato piece, still be fertilizer behind the advanced decay, straw has obtained a thing three usefulness.
CN 201110109363 2011-04-28 2011-04-28 Method for transversely growing yam and interplanting spring and autumn potato under coverage of straw Pending CN102257915A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103563626A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-02-12 杨树东 Method for efficiently cultivating Chinese yams in manner of interplanting Chinese cabbages and bitter gourd
CN103650863A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-03-26 狄正兴 Deep-ditch hilling and livestock-poultry manure fertility improvement cultivation method for potatoes
CN103688696A (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-02 深圳华大基因科技有限公司 Planting method for root and stem type traditional Chinese medicinal materials
CN103999651A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-08-27 陈秋 Cultivation method for early season rice interplanted yams
CN104855081A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-08-26 李金新 Interplanting method for potatoes and garlic sprouts
CN105594428A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-05-25 三明市农业科学研究院 One-year-two-harvest cultivation method for interplanting late-maturing dioscorea opposita in early-maturing dioscorea opposita
CN106982615A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-07-28 堵美娟 A kind of method for improving purple Chinese yam yield
CN107135769A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-09-08 江苏徐淮地区徐州农业科学研究所 The shallow green tape orientation knot potato cultural method of Chinese yam
CN107318457A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-11-07 张德龙 A kind of Chinese yam interplants the implantation methods of potato

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101946627A (en) * 2010-08-06 2011-01-19 中国水稻研究所 Paddy field tillage-free planting device for covering sliced potatoes with straws

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101946627A (en) * 2010-08-06 2011-01-19 中国水稻研究所 Paddy field tillage-free planting device for covering sliced potatoes with straws

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103688696B (en) * 2012-09-28 2016-11-02 深圳华大基因科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of root and rhizome class Chinese crude drug
CN103688696A (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-02 深圳华大基因科技有限公司 Planting method for root and stem type traditional Chinese medicinal materials
CN103563626A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-02-12 杨树东 Method for efficiently cultivating Chinese yams in manner of interplanting Chinese cabbages and bitter gourd
CN103650863A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-03-26 狄正兴 Deep-ditch hilling and livestock-poultry manure fertility improvement cultivation method for potatoes
CN103999651A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-08-27 陈秋 Cultivation method for early season rice interplanted yams
CN104855081A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-08-26 李金新 Interplanting method for potatoes and garlic sprouts
CN105594428A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-05-25 三明市农业科学研究院 One-year-two-harvest cultivation method for interplanting late-maturing dioscorea opposita in early-maturing dioscorea opposita
CN105594428B (en) * 2015-12-25 2018-04-10 三明市农业科学研究院 The cultural method that a kind of Chinese yam interplanting Chinese yam yields two crops a year
CN106982615A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-07-28 堵美娟 A kind of method for improving purple Chinese yam yield
CN107135769A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-09-08 江苏徐淮地区徐州农业科学研究所 The shallow green tape orientation knot potato cultural method of Chinese yam
CN107318457A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-11-07 张德龙 A kind of Chinese yam interplants the implantation methods of potato

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