CN103404346B - A kind of cultivation method of mulberry field interplanting ginger - Google Patents

A kind of cultivation method of mulberry field interplanting ginger Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103404346B
CN103404346B CN201310348120.6A CN201310348120A CN103404346B CN 103404346 B CN103404346 B CN 103404346B CN 201310348120 A CN201310348120 A CN 201310348120A CN 103404346 B CN103404346 B CN 103404346B
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mulberry
ginger
spacing
kilograms
tree
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CN201310348120.6A
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CN103404346A (en
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刘万顺
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刘万顺
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Abstract

The cultivation method of a <b> mulberry field interplanting ginger.The method of this mulberry field interplanting ginger is: potassium application before the winter, selects the seed soaking of ginger block, vernalization, after Clear and Bright, carry out drilling to grain rains; Execute spring fertilizer in conjunction with mulberry field, chase after autumn fertilizer in the beginning of autumn of around, ginger can postpone results, improves output.The method utilizes the growth characteristics of mulberry tree and ginger, vying each other of existing resource is become mutual utilization, go after profits and advoid disadvantages, not only solve that the utilization of resources in China's silkworm and mulberry, ginger cultivation process is insufficient, comparative effectiveness declines two large key issues, and while improving mulberry field yield per unit area, also reduce the production cost of plantation mulberry tree and ginger, add the income of peasant.</b><b /><b />

Description

A kind of cultivation method of mulberry field interplanting ginger
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation method of ginger, particularly a kind of cultivation method of mulberry field interplanting ginger
Background technology
Feng County, Jiangsu area for ancient the Yellow River change its course after wash away, deposit formation flat-bottomed land, soil layer is all wash away the alluvials such as the mud fine sand stone got off to form from ancient the upper reaches of the Yellow River thousands of miles, the husky earth layer of soil property, gas permeability is good especially, be rich in the various mineral trace element of plant growth needs and various organic and inorganic nutrients fertilizer in soil layer, therefore soil is very fertile.In addition, Feng County warmer climate, makes a clear distinction between the four seasons, and sunshine is sufficient, is applicable to very much the growth of crops, the especially growth of mulberry tree.
Mulberry tree is a kind of deciduous tree, well developed root system, and rudiment power is strong, looks fast, happiness light, branch medium density; Can drought resisting resist cold, heatproof, wet, alkali resistant power is also larger.In addition, mulberry leaf are the main foodstuffs of feeding silkworm; Mulberry can furniture processed, farm implements, and can make Minor Construction material; Paper mulberry bark can papermaking; Mulberry shoot can compile basket; Mulberries can be made wine.In sum, the good seeds that mulberry tree is not only water and soil conservation, fixes the sand, but also there is very high economic worth.But, along with the adjustment of agricultural structure and improving constantly of value of labour power, the benefit of sericulture in continuous decline, the atrophy gradually of mulberry field area.Therefore, for how improving the yield per unit area in mulberry field, transferring the enthusiasm of silkworm raiser, people propose one after another and interplant this approach of other crops by mulberry field.
The conventional seasoning matter in people's daily life is not only by ginger, and itself also there is anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, calm, the effect such as antiemetic, antiallergy, platelet aggregation-against, anti-oxidant very strong enzyme can be produced after the gingerol of ginger enters human body, the activity of energy inhibition cancer cell, reduces the toxicity of cancer cell.Because ginger plant is short and small, be negative crop, like warm, moistening, be afraid of direct sunlight, root system is undeveloped, buries shallow, is mainly distributed in the soil layer of more than 30cm, so can make full use of the control environment that mulberry tree creates to it, grows vigorously.The biological property that the interplanting of mulberry tree and ginger can make full use of two Plants is gone after profits and advoided disadvantages, is mutually utilized.But the method for this mulberry field interplanting ginger only rests in idea, research at present, and how to be come true is a critical problem.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve, mulberry field yield per unit area is low, mulberry planter lacks the problems such as enthusiasm, the invention provides the cultivation method of a kind of mulberry field interplanting ginger, the method utilizes the growth characteristics of mulberry tree and ginger, vying each other of existing resource is become mutual utilization, go after profits and advoid disadvantages, not only solve that the utilization of resources in China's silkworm and mulberry, ginger cultivation process is insufficient, comparative effectiveness declines two large key issues, and while improving mulberry field yield per unit area, also reduce the production cost of plantation mulberry tree and ginger, add the income of peasant.
Concrete principle of the present invention:
(1) mutual utilization spatially, two Plants in height can utilize mutually, and the height of low dry mulberry is at 2m ~ 2.5m, and the plant height of ginger is 0.8m, and therefore, ginger just in time can utilize the lower space resource of mulberry tree;
(2) the mutual utilization in illumination, reports according to Inst. of Silkworm, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Gong Lei, and 90% ~ 95% of mulberry tree dry weight is that blade carries out photosynthesis, fixation of C O 2product; Improve mulberry yield, the photosynthesis of mulberry tree will be increased after all exactly, increase the availability of leaf area index and raising illumination; Ginger is heliophobous plant, the happiness low light level, not resistance to high light, and under high light, blade is easily withered, and counterglow length requires tight, and Mulberry Leaf fully absorbs top sunlight thus can vigorous growth, and its shade produced just in time meets the growth characteristics that shade environment liked by ginger;
(3) the mutual utilization of water, fertile resource, mulberry tree is system of taproot arbor, well developed root system, dark and extensively, can be deep into below 30cm soil layer, can be described as that tree is large, root is dark, full of leaves; Ginger root system is undeveloped, buries shallow, is mainly distributed in the scope of more than 30cm;
(4) the mutual utilization of living resources, the ramulus mori of vertical growth can be used for the climing frame material of ginger, ginger branches and leaves after results are put into mulberry field and be can be used as fertilizer for mulberry tree, after late fall, silkworm terminated, mulberry shoot serve keep out the wind, refuse frost effect, white evening is carried out in mulberry field, and ginger can suitably be received evening, improves output.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that its technical problem takes: the method for this mulberry field interplanting ginger is,
(1) in the low dry Sang Sangyuan of the tradition of having gone into operation, interplant ginger, mulberry tree line-spacing is 1.5m ~ 2.0m, and spacing in the rows is 0.35m ~ 0.45m, and density is that every 667 ㎡ mulberry fields have mulberry tree 800 strain ~ 1000 strain;
(2) Fertilization &. Deep Ploughing before the winter, because ginger is root crops, needs a large amount of potash fertilizer, applies 4000 kilograms of fertilizers and 25 kilograms of potassium sulfates in conjunction with ploughing deeply;
(3) select health, 50g ~ 100g, have the ginger block of 1 ~ 2 strong buds, with medicament seed soaking before sowing, kind of ginger is spread out airing after 1 day ~ 2 days, soak seed 10 minutes with the bordeaux mixture of 1:120, then pull kind of ginger out rear vernalization, with damp sand by its handy plastic film covering of pile layer by layer, film thickness is 0.3mm ~ 0.4mm, under making film, temperature remains on 20 DEG C ~ 30 DEG C, and after 8 days ~ 10 days, ginger kind can be sprouted, then classifying seed;
(4) ginger is tuberous plant, requires loosing soil, therefore should from both sides earthing bedding before sowing, furrow height 0.2m ~ 0.3m;
(5) after Clear and Bright to sowing in grain rains, drilling is carried out in sowing, and line-spacing is 35cm ~ 40cm, and spacing in the rows is 26cm ~ 30cm, ditch depth 10cm ~ 20cm, and at two row mulberry tree interplant 1 row ~ 4 row gingers, every mu by kind 500 kilograms; Use spring fertilizer in conjunction with mulberry field, mu 30 kilograms of urea, 35 kilograms of composite fertilizers make seed manure, fertilizer are put into ditch and mix with soil; Broadcast first 1 hour and water end water, make ground moistening, ginger block level is placed in ditch, young shoot direction is consistent, and enters with have gentle hands flicking, earthing 5cm;
(6) cut down in conjunction with the mulberry tree spring and topdress once, 30 kilograms, urea is executed in every 667 ㎡ mulberry fields, composite fertilizer 50 kilograms, potassium sulfate 25 kilograms, applying apart from plant base portion 15cm place trench digging, earthing is poured water, before and after the beginning of autumn when ginger subterraneous root cervical enlargement, autumn fertilizer is chased after in conjunction with mulberry tree, execute 30 kilograms, urea, composite fertilizer 25 kilograms, as height of seedling 30cm ~ 40cm, during 1 ~ 2 branches except the mulberry shoot making full use of both sides, the mulberry branch got off for unnecessary row spring pruning carries out built, every 4 upper ends are bundled into a bundle, become "×" font, late fall silkworm terminate after blocking due to mulberry tree, field is warmer, ginger can postpone results, improve output.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, the method utilizes the growth characteristics of mulberry tree and ginger, vying each other of existing resource is become mutual utilization, go after profits and advoid disadvantages, not only solve that the utilization of resources in China's silkworm and mulberry, ginger cultivation process is insufficient, comparative effectiveness declines two large key issues, and while improving mulberry field yield per unit area, also reduce the production cost of plantation mulberry tree and ginger, add the income of peasant.
Embodiment
Concrete principle of the present invention:
(1) mutual utilization spatially, two Plants in height can utilize mutually, and the height of low dry mulberry is at 2m ~ 2.5m, and the plant height of ginger is 0.8m, and therefore, ginger just in time can utilize the lower space resource of mulberry tree;
(2) the mutual utilization in illumination, reports according to Inst. of Silkworm, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Gong Lei, and 90% ~ 95% of mulberry tree dry weight is that blade carries out photosynthesis, fixation of C O 2product; Improve mulberry yield, the photosynthesis of mulberry tree will be increased after all exactly, increase the availability of leaf area index and raising illumination; Ginger is heliophobous plant, the happiness low light level, not resistance to high light, and under high light, blade is easily withered, and counterglow length requires tight, and Mulberry Leaf fully absorbs top sunlight thus can vigorous growth, and its shade produced just in time meets the growth characteristics that shade environment liked by ginger;
(3) the mutual utilization of water, fertile resource, mulberry tree is system of taproot arbor, well developed root system, dark and extensively, can be deep into below 30cm soil layer, can be described as that tree is large, root is dark, full of leaves, and ginger root system is undeveloped, buries shallow, is mainly distributed in the scope of more than 30cm;
(4) the mutual utilization of living resources, the ramulus mori of vertical growth can be used as the climing frame material of ginger, ginger branches and leaves after results are put into mulberry field and be can be used as fertilizer for mulberry tree, after late fall, silkworm terminated, mulberry shoot serve keep out the wind, refuse frost effect, white evening is carried out in mulberry field, and ginger can suitably be received evening, improves output.
Embodiment one:
Investigate in the interplanting ginger mulberry field planted 7 years in Huan Kou town, Feng County, Jiangsu one, unanimously, mulberry tree line-spacing is 1.6m, and spacing in the rows is 0.425m, and density is that every 667 ㎡ mulberry fields have mulberry tree 980 strain for this mulberry field growing way and the level of production; The line-spacing of ginger is 0.40m, and spacing in the rows is 0.3m, with field comparative trial, if 3 district's process, the 2 row mulberries not interplanting ginger are that 2 row mulberry treies interplant 1 row ginger for contrasting A, A1, A2 is that 2 row mulberries interplant 2 row gingers, and A3 is that 2 row mulberries interplant 3 row gingers, and concrete investigation and analysis data are as table 1, table 2; The output investigation of table 1. mulberry tree interplanting ginger
The output value investigation of the different nixed planting of table 2.
Embodiment two:
Plant in one kind, Wen Kou town, Daiyue District, Shandong Province 5 years, investigate in the mulberry field of interplanting ginger that the level of production is consistent, mulberry tree line-spacing is 2m, and spacing in the rows is 0.4m, and planting density is that every 667 ㎡ mulberry fields have mulberry tree 830 strain; The line-spacing of ginger is 0.4m, spacing in the rows 0.3m, if 5 district's process, do not interplant 2 row mulberry treies of ginger for contrast A, A1 is that 2 row mulberry treies interplant 1 row ginger, and A2 is that 2 row mulberry treies interplant 2 row gingers, and A3 is that 2 row mulberry treies interplant 3 row gingers, A4 is that 2 row mulberry treies interplant 4 row gingers, and investigation and analysis data see the following form 3, table 4;
The output investigation of table 3. mulberry tree interplanting ginger
The output value investigation of the different nixed planting of table 4.

Claims (3)

1. a cultivation method for mulberry field interplanting ginger, is characterized in that: the method for this mulberry field interplanting ginger is,
(1) in the low dry Sang Sangyuan of the tradition of having gone into operation, interplant ginger, mulberry tree line-spacing is 1.5m ~ 2.0m, and spacing in the rows is 0.35m ~ 0.45m, and density is that every 667 ㎡ mulberry fields have mulberry tree 800 strain ~ 1000 strain;
(2) Fertilization &. Deep Ploughing before the winter, because ginger is root crops, needs a large amount of potash fertilizer, applies 4000 kilograms of fertilizers and 25 kilograms of potassium sulfates in conjunction with ploughing deeply;
(3) select health, 50g ~ 100g, have the ginger block of 1 ~ 2 strong buds, with medicament seed soaking before sowing, kind of ginger is spread out airing after 1 day ~ 2 days, soak seed 10 minutes with the bordeaux mixture of 1:120, then pull kind of ginger out rear vernalization, with damp sand by its handy plastic film covering of pile layer by layer, film thickness is 0.3mm ~ 0.4mm, under making film, temperature remains on 20 DEG C ~ 30 DEG C, and after 8 days ~ 10 days, ginger kind can be sprouted, then classifying seed;
(4) ginger is tuberous plant, requires loosing soil, therefore should from both sides earthing bedding before sowing, furrow height 0.2m ~ 0.3m;
(5) after Clear and Bright to sowing in grain rains, drilling is carried out in sowing, and line-spacing is 35cm ~ 40cm, and spacing in the rows is 26cm ~ 30cm, ditch depth 10cm ~ 20cm, and at two row mulberry tree interplant 1 row ~ 4 row gingers, every mu by kind 500 kilograms; Use spring fertilizer in conjunction with mulberry field, mu 30 kilograms of urea, 35 kilograms of composite fertilizers make seed manure, fertilizer are put into ditch and mix with soil; Broadcast first 1 hour and water end water, make ground moistening, ginger block level is placed in ditch, young shoot direction is consistent, and enters with have gentle hands flicking, earthing 5cm;
(6) cut down in conjunction with the mulberry tree spring and topdress once, 30 kilograms, urea is executed in every 667 ㎡ mulberry fields, composite fertilizer 50 kilograms, potassium sulfate 25 kilograms, applying apart from plant base portion 15cm place trench digging, earthing is poured water, before and after the beginning of autumn when ginger subterraneous root cervical enlargement, autumn fertilizer is chased after in conjunction with mulberry tree, execute 30 kilograms, urea, composite fertilizer 25 kilograms, as height of seedling 30cm ~ 40cm, during 1 ~ 2 branches except the mulberry shoot making full use of both sides, the mulberry branch got off for unnecessary row spring pruning carries out built, every 4 upper ends are bundled into a bundle, become "×" font, late fall silkworm terminate after blocking due to mulberry tree, field is warmer, ginger can postpone results.
2. the cultivation method of interplanting ginger in mulberry field according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: mulberry tree line-spacing is 1.6m, spacing in the rows is 0.425m, and density is that every 667 ㎡ mulberry fields have mulberry tree 980 strain; The line-spacing of ginger is 0.40m, and spacing in the rows is 0.3m.
3. the cultivation method of interplanting ginger in mulberry field according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: mulberry tree line-spacing is 2m, spacing in the rows is 0.4m, and planting density is that every 667 ㎡ mulberry fields have mulberry tree 830 strain; The line-spacing of ginger is 0.4m, spacing in the rows 0.3m.
CN201310348120.6A 2013-08-09 2013-08-09 A kind of cultivation method of mulberry field interplanting ginger CN103404346B (en)

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CN103704084A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-04-09 吴太平 Chinese chestnut and spring millet mechanical stereo-cultivation method capable of allowing once-seeding and twice-harvesting to be conducted every year
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CN103931413A (en) * 2014-05-08 2014-07-23 陆良县蚕种场 Wide-and-narrow-row planting method of special mulberries for silkworm eggs
CN104041316A (en) * 2014-07-09 2014-09-17 苏州市美人半岛齐力生态农产品专业合作社 Method for planting high-yield ginger
CN104145674A (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-11-19 鞠连民 Composite planting method for intercropping of mulberries and alfalfas
CN104429456A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-03-25 信阳市农业科学院 Method for relay intercropping of ginger and sesame
CN105493849A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-04-20 王红兵 Mixed planting method for mulberry trees and Talinum paniculatum
CN106358743A (en) * 2016-10-10 2017-02-01 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Method for planting ginger and cotton in mixed sowing way
CN106489484A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-03-15 道真自治县天山茶业有限公司 A kind of sloping fields tea garden interplants the cultural method of Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss
CN107548923A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-01-09 印江彬彬百香果种植发展有限公司 A kind of method of passion fruit and Ginger interplanting
CN108541501A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-09-18 普安县红星种养殖有限责任公司 A kind of rose of Sharon and ginger interplanting method
CN109479607A (en) * 2019-01-05 2019-03-19 安徽泓森高科林业股份有限公司 A kind of cultural method of locust tree interplanting multilayer forest

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