CN104160864A - Movable submerged plant lawn block production method - Google Patents

Movable submerged plant lawn block production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104160864A
CN104160864A CN201410407210.2A CN201410407210A CN104160864A CN 104160864 A CN104160864 A CN 104160864A CN 201410407210 A CN201410407210 A CN 201410407210A CN 104160864 A CN104160864 A CN 104160864A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
submerged plant
water level
seedling
lawn
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Pending
Application number
CN201410407210.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
熊忠武
陈刚
王顺有
贺婷波
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HUILV LANDSCAPE CONSTRUCTION CO Ltd
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HUILV LANDSCAPE CONSTRUCTION CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201410407210.2A priority Critical patent/CN104160864A/en
Publication of CN104160864A publication Critical patent/CN104160864A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a movable submerged plant lawn block production method. The movable submerged plant lawn block production method comprises the steps that a seedling culturing plate with the depth of 5-6 cm is selected as a culturing container; degradable non-woven fabric with the thickness of 3-5 mm is laid on the bottom in the seedling culturing plate to serve as an isolating layer, clay with the thickness of 2-3 cm is laid on the upper face of the isolating layer to serve as a planting layer, and a seedling culturing grid which is made of degradable natural materials and provided with meshes of 3-5 mm is laid on the planting layer; seedling culturing reproduction materials are scattered on the isolating layer to be mixed with the planting layer; the seedling culturing plate is arranged on the bottom in a water basin or a water trough, the water level of the water basin or the water trough is controlled at 30-40 cm, submerged plants grow out robust root systems which mingle together after 0.5-1.5 months at the temperature of 20-25 DEG C in the conditions of moisture preservation, ventilation and illumination, and an underwater movable submerged plant lawn block is formed. The movable submerged plant lawn block production method has the advantages that manpower and material resource consumption is small, transportation is convenient, degradation is easy, and secondary pollution to the water bottom environment can be avoided.

Description

Removable submerged plant lawn piece production method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of removable submerged plant lawn piece production method, belong to Landscape Ecology process field or water environment restoration of the ecosystem field, be applicable to the recovery of water body submerged vegetation, be particularly useful for the reparation of Urban Shallow water landscape water body enrichment nutritive water.
Background technology
Along with the attention of various circles of society to water environment and the favor to water landscape, all kinds of manmade landscape, artificial landscape's water bodys are built one after another.Landscape water body, as the important component part of urban environment, can improve and beautify the ecotope that people live.But, city appearance water body mostly is enclosed waters, the feature such as generally there is little, the easy pollution of water surface area, environmental capacity of water is little, water body self-purification ability is low, be easy to contaminated, and present eutrophic state, be embodied in water body greening, algae floating (being so-called wawter bloom phenomenon) even occur, transparency is low, upper strata is aerobic, lower floor's anoxic, fish kills, water body are smelly etc.
Existing conventional landscape water processing mode all respectively has shortcoming, and as high in physical equipment processing cost, chemical treatment easily causes secondary pollution, microbiological treatment to need frequent maintenance etc.; And adopt biology/ecological reestablishment to repair water body, and can pass through the absorption and sorption effect of plant, the nutriment in degraded, conversion water body, this method usually can reach the effect for the treatment of both principal and secondary aspect of disease.Utilizing water plants enriched in nitrogen phosphorus is one of effective way of improvement, adjusting and inhibition body eutrophication, and submerged plant has the ability of the enriched in nitrogen phosphorus stronger than floatingleaved plant etc., and can utilize the limited luminous energy in eutrophication water to increase water transparency; Also can be water body simultaneously and form complicated food chain (net) food, habitat and other requirements are provided, in purification of water quality, play critical effect.
But, because most submerged plant (refers to that plant corpus is all positioned at the aquatic macrophyte of seeking set existence below water layer.Their root is undeveloped or degeneration sometimes, and the each several part of plant corpus all can absorb moisture and nutriment, and aerenchyma is flourishing especially, carries out gas exchange in the situation that of being conducive to lack air in water.) seed is difficult to obtain, in the time that the plant species word bank of water body is subject to heavy damage, a large amount of water plants seedling of the inevitable demand of the recovery engineering of aquatic vegetation.At present submerged plant planting method mainly contains cuttage (thereby utilize the nutrition organs (root, stem, leaf) of plant carry out cuttage and form the propagation method of independent plant, be cuttage), seeding method, method for transplanting etc.Due to the particular surroundings of submerged plant growth, the lower water operation of artificial cuttage plantation palpus, submerged plant planting is larger to human and material resources consumption; Utilize soil seed bank, soil seed pool soil moved in to improve the original (soil moved in to improve the original refer to non-locality primary, by other places in-migration for replacing the nonlocal soil of sedendary soil, typically refer to loam of good quality (sandy loam) or artificial soil) to recover quantities large, transport inconvenience; Carry out submerged plant recovery meeting with the modular underwater lawn that plastics or other non-degradable media are cultivated water-bed environment is caused to secondary pollution.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the above-mentioned deficiency of prior art, provide a kind of human and material resources to consume little, convenient transportation, is easy to degraded and can cause to water-bed environment the removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece production method of secondary pollution.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece production method, and the method step comprises:
(1) selected depth is cultivated container at 5-6cm seedling-cultivating tray as removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece;
(2) setting of removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece implant bed: lay the thick degradable nonwoven fabrics of 3-5mm as separation layer at seedling-cultivating tray inner bottom part, on separation layer, lay clay that 2-3cm is thick as plantation layer, the seedling raising grid of laying the width of mesh 3-5mm being formed by degradable natural material above plantation layer is flushed away because of water flow with the propagating materials that prevents from growing seedlings;
(3) cultivation on removable submerged plant lawn: the propagating materials of growing seedlings first submerged plant hypopus, seed or cuttage submerged plant stem section being formed is sprinkling upon on separation layer (degradable nonwoven fabrics), and and plantation layer closely mixes, plantation layer is laid a seedling raising grid of the width of mesh 3-5mm that the natural material of degraded forms above, and the propagating materials that prevents from growing seedlings is flushed away because of water flow; Then seedling-cultivating tray is placed in to pond or tank inner bottom part, water level in control pond or tank is at 30-40cm, under 20-25 DEG C, moisturizing, ventilation, illumination condition, after experiencing 0.5-1.5 month, submerged plant grows healthy and strong root system, and weave in, form under water movably submerged plant lawn piece.
The removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece production method that the present invention is above-mentioned, its step also comprises removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece transplant step and the plantation step after the incubation step on removable submerged plant lawn, be specially: grow to 10-20cm when high until submerged plant, the pasture and water level ground piece that will sink takes out from seedling-cultivating tray, take moist keeping measures, avoid direct sunlight, be transported to plantation target waters; Lay in advance 10-20cm earth soil layer at the plantation bottom, waters, the pasture and water level ground piece that will sink is again laid to earth, intake according to heavy pasture and water level ground piece plant height, height of water level is higher than plant height 5-8cm, form the overall underwater lawn view in target waters, after recover on lawn again raising of water level to water landscape water level.
The propagating materials of growing seedlings in step of the present invention (3), according to the waters specified conditions that will carry out purification of water quality processing, selects eel grass, hydrilla verticillata, water caltrop etc. to produce grass seeds as heavy pasture and water level ground piece.
Advantage of the present invention and beneficial effect:
1. technical scheme of the present invention provides a kind of removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece production method, solves in current submerged plant planting and has technical barrier, produces removable lawn piece and can be Urban Shallow water landscape water body underwater lawn and build a large amount of seedlings are provided.And, the present invention adopts eel grass, hydrilla verticillata, water caltrop etc. to produce grass seeds as heavy pasture and water level ground piece, be easy to obtain, and cultivating process is without artificial lower water operation, only removable heavy pasture and water of the present invention level ground piece implant bed need to being set sows seeds is placed into cultivation naturally in water, has reduced the consumption of human and material resources; And cultivate after seedling move convenient transportation, and cultivate module, medium etc. be easy to degraded, can not cause secondary pollution to water-bed environment.
2. the invention provides a kind of removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece production method, solve in current submerged plant planting and have technical barrier, produce removable lawn piece and can be Urban Shallow water landscape water body underwater lawn and build a large amount of seedlings are provided.This project can be applicable to the reparation of Urban Shallow water (40-70cm) landscape water body enrichment nutritive water, has important application prospect.
3. the present invention adopts and cultivates in seedling-cultivating tray, and the cultivation base of seedling-cultivating tray is set to three layers, be that degradable nonwoven fabrics that nethermost 3-5mm is thick is as separation layer, on separation layer, lay clay that 2-3cm is thick as plantation layer, the seedling raising grid of laying the width of mesh 3-5mm being formed by degradable natural material above plantation layer is flushed away because of water flow with the propagating materials that prevents from growing seedlings; Adopt the above-mentioned this scheme lawn piece that can ensure to grow seedlings to be easy to transport, conveniently moving, and size is adjustable in conjunction with the setting of the thickness of each layer, ensures to grow seedlings and can grow smoothly simultaneously, and the success rate of growing seedlings is high, and average cover degree is more than 90%.
Brief description of the drawings
The removable heavy pasture and water of Fig. 1 the present invention level ground block structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 Fig. 1 cross section view.
As shown in the figure: 1-seedling-cultivating tray, 2-separation layer, 3-kind is planted layer, 4-seedling raising grid, the heavy pasture and water of 5 – level ground piece (heavy pasture and water layer).
Embodiment
Removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece production method as shown in Figure 1-2, embodiment is as follows:
A) removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece is cultivated container, can select on market height (degree of depth) at 5-6cm seedling-cultivating tray 1 as rectangle seedling-cultivating tray.
B) degradable nonwoven fabrics that laying 3-5mm is thick bottom seedling-cultivating tray is as separation layer 2, on separation layer 2, lay clay that 2-3cm is thick as plantation layer 3, above plantation layer 3, be equipped with by degradable natural material (as vegetable fiber etc., the seedling raising grid being prepared into as bamboo powder, straw, corncob etc. plant) seedling raising grid 4 (the width of mesh 3-5mm that forms, be that the length of side is the square mesh of 3-5mm), the propagating materials that prevents from growing seedlings is flushed away because of water flow;
C) submerged plant hypopus, seed or cuttage submerged plant stem section are sprinkling upon on separation layer (degradable nonwoven fabrics is as vegetable fiber), and and plantation layer closely mixes, plantation layer is laid the seedling raising grid (width of mesh 3-5mm) that the natural material of degraded forms above, and the propagating materials that prevents from growing seedlings is flushed away because of water flow.Seedling-cultivating tray is placed in pond or tank, controls water level at 30-40cm, under 20-25 DEG C, moisturizing, ventilation, illumination condition, experience is about I month, and submerged plant grows healthy and strong root system, can weave in, form under water movably heavy pasture and water level ground piece 5.
D) removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece is transplanted: grow to 10-20cm when high until submerged plant, the pasture and water level ground piece that will sink takes out from seedling-cultivating tray, takes moist keeping measures, avoids direct sunlight, is transported to plantation target waters.
E) lay in advance 10-20cm earth soil layer at the bottom, target waters, the pasture and water level ground piece that will sink is again laid to earth, intake according to heavy pasture and water level ground piece plant height, height of water level is higher than plant height 5-8cm, form the overall underwater lawn view in target waters, after recover on lawn slowly raising of water level to water landscape water level.
According to the waters specified conditions that will carry out purification of water quality processing, select eel grass, hydrilla verticillata, water caltrop etc. to produce grass seeds as heavy pasture and water level ground piece.
Instantiation: select long, wide, height is 30 of the seedling-cultivating trays of 60cm × 35cm × 6cm, the degradable nonwoven fabrics that laying 3mm is thick bottom seedling-cultivating tray is as separation layer, on separation layer, lay clay that 2.5cm is thick as plantation layer, above plantation layer, be equipped with the seedling raising grid being formed by degradable natural material, width of mesh 3mm, eel grass, water caltrop, 10 seedling-cultivating trays of the each plantation of hydrilla verticillata, each seedling-cultivating tray respectively spreads 60 eel grass on separation layer, water caltrop, hydrilla verticillata bract bud, and and plantation layer closely mixes, seedling-cultivating tray is placed in tank, the length of tank, wide, height is in 20m × 10m × 1m pond, water level in control tank is at 35cm, after 4O days, eel grass, water caltrop, the average cover degree of hydrilla verticillata reaches respectively 95%, 92%, 96%, and grow healthy and strong root system, and weave in, form and be movably suitable for the heavy pasture and water level ground piece that water body is repaired under water.
This experimental results show that employing the method can allow three kinds of submerged plant stolons produce a large amount of branches, has formed huge and intensive root system, can firmly combine with matrix, has reached Expected Results.
The invention provides a kind of removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece production method, solve in current submerged plant planting and have technical barrier, produce removable lawn piece and can be Urban Shallow water landscape water body underwater lawn and build a large amount of seedlings are provided.This project can be applicable to the reparation of Urban Shallow water (40-70cm) landscape water body enrichment nutritive water, has important application prospect.

Claims (3)

1. a removable submerged plant lawn piece production method, is characterized in that: the method step comprises:
(1) selected depth is cultivated container at 5-6cm seedling-cultivating tray as removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece;
(2) setting of removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece implant bed: lay the thick degradable nonwoven fabrics of 3-5mm as separation layer at seedling-cultivating tray inner bottom part, on separation layer, lay clay that 2-3cm is thick as plantation layer, the seedling raising grid of laying the width of mesh 3-5mm being formed by degradable natural material above plantation layer is flushed away because of water flow with the propagating materials that prevents from growing seedlings;
(3) cultivation on removable submerged plant lawn: the propagating materials of growing seedlings first submerged plant hypopus, seed or cuttage submerged plant stem section being formed is sprinkling upon on separation layer, and and plantation layer mixes, plantation layer is laid a seedling raising grid of the width of mesh 3-5mm that the natural material of degraded forms above, and the propagating materials that prevents from growing seedlings is flushed away because of water flow; Then seedling-cultivating tray is placed in to pond or tank inner bottom part, water level in control pond or tank is at 30-40cm, under 20-25 DEG C, moisturizing, ventilation, illumination condition, after experiencing 0.5-1.5 month, submerged plant grows healthy and strong root system, and weave in, form under water movably submerged plant lawn piece.
2. removable submerged plant according to claim 1 lawn piece production method, it is characterized in that: step also comprises removable heavy pasture and water level ground piece transplant step and the plantation step after the incubation step on removable submerged plant lawn, be specially: grow to 10-20cm when high until submerged plant, the pasture and water level ground piece that will sink takes out from seedling-cultivating tray, take moist keeping measures, avoid direct sunlight, be transported to plantation target waters; Lay in advance 10-20cm earth soil layer at the plantation bottom, waters, the pasture and water level ground piece that will sink is again laid to earth soil layer, intake according to heavy pasture and water level ground piece plant height, height of water level is higher than plant height 5-8cm, form the overall underwater lawn view in target waters, after recover on lawn again raising of water level to water landscape water level.
3. removable submerged plant according to claim 1 lawn piece production method, is characterized in that: the propagating materials of growing seedlings in step (3) is eel grass, hydrilla verticillata or water caltrop.
CN201410407210.2A 2014-08-18 2014-08-18 Movable submerged plant lawn block production method Pending CN104160864A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123162A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-12-09 苏州翠浔水生态科技有限公司 Method for cultivation and colonization of rooty dwarf vallisneria natans
CN105265211A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-01-27 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所 Submerged plant artificial turf cultivation system and cultivation transplanting method
CN105393908A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-03-16 水生藻安生物科技(武汉)有限公司 Rapid modularization planting method for submerged plant tissue culture seedlings and modularization combination
CN106305038A (en) * 2016-07-28 2017-01-11 长白山科学研究院 Net bag type vegetation ecological remediation method based on soil seed bank technology
CN107278870A (en) * 2017-02-27 2017-10-24 江西省水利科学研究院 A kind of preparation method of submerged plant module
CN107396823A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-11-28 上海大学 The method that quickly breeding transplants submerged plant
CN108651059A (en) * 2017-03-27 2018-10-16 蔡永辉 A kind of sludge(Or mud)Pool floating greening treatment process structure

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CN101990833A (en) * 2010-08-26 2011-03-30 方运山 Submerged plant seedling-raising device and application thereof in biologic ecosystem restoration of water body
CN102204484A (en) * 2011-04-12 2011-10-05 宁波市农业科学研究院 Submerged plant propagating and culturing device and propagating and culturing method utilizing same
CN102282999A (en) * 2011-06-28 2011-12-21 上海水生环境工程有限公司 Underwater turf planting method for modularized submerged plants
CN102668831A (en) * 2011-03-16 2012-09-19 上海勘测设计研究院 Submerged plant breeding blanket and application thereof
CN103858632A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-06-18 深圳市益水生态科技有限公司 Method for making composite submerged plant turf
CN203708875U (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-07-16 张家港市绿岩生态技术有限公司 Submerged plant carpet

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101990833A (en) * 2010-08-26 2011-03-30 方运山 Submerged plant seedling-raising device and application thereof in biologic ecosystem restoration of water body
CN102668831A (en) * 2011-03-16 2012-09-19 上海勘测设计研究院 Submerged plant breeding blanket and application thereof
CN102204484A (en) * 2011-04-12 2011-10-05 宁波市农业科学研究院 Submerged plant propagating and culturing device and propagating and culturing method utilizing same
CN102282999A (en) * 2011-06-28 2011-12-21 上海水生环境工程有限公司 Underwater turf planting method for modularized submerged plants
CN203708875U (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-07-16 张家港市绿岩生态技术有限公司 Submerged plant carpet
CN103858632A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-06-18 深圳市益水生态科技有限公司 Method for making composite submerged plant turf

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123162A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-12-09 苏州翠浔水生态科技有限公司 Method for cultivation and colonization of rooty dwarf vallisneria natans
CN105265211A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-01-27 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所 Submerged plant artificial turf cultivation system and cultivation transplanting method
CN105265211B (en) * 2015-10-20 2017-11-21 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所 A kind of submerged plant artificial grass culture system and cultivation method for transplanting
CN105393908A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-03-16 水生藻安生物科技(武汉)有限公司 Rapid modularization planting method for submerged plant tissue culture seedlings and modularization combination
CN105393908B (en) * 2015-11-16 2018-07-31 水生藻安生物科技(武汉)有限公司 The method and modular combination of the quick modularization plantation of submerged plant tissue-cultured seedling
CN106305038A (en) * 2016-07-28 2017-01-11 长白山科学研究院 Net bag type vegetation ecological remediation method based on soil seed bank technology
CN106305038B (en) * 2016-07-28 2019-07-16 长白山科学研究院 Net-bag type vegetation ecological restorative procedure based on soil seed bank, soil seed pool technology
CN107278870A (en) * 2017-02-27 2017-10-24 江西省水利科学研究院 A kind of preparation method of submerged plant module
CN108651059A (en) * 2017-03-27 2018-10-16 蔡永辉 A kind of sludge(Or mud)Pool floating greening treatment process structure
CN107396823A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-11-28 上海大学 The method that quickly breeding transplants submerged plant

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Application publication date: 20141126