CN107371984A - The method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum - Google Patents

The method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107371984A
CN107371984A CN201710803211.2A CN201710803211A CN107371984A CN 107371984 A CN107371984 A CN 107371984A CN 201710803211 A CN201710803211 A CN 201710803211A CN 107371984 A CN107371984 A CN 107371984A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
transplanting
lycium ruthenicum
matrimony vine
plantation
plantation ridge
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710803211.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李岩
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Liaoning Medicine And Food Homologous Agricultural Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Liaoning Medicine And Food Homologous Agricultural Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Liaoning Medicine And Food Homologous Agricultural Development Co Ltd filed Critical Liaoning Medicine And Food Homologous Agricultural Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710803211.2A priority Critical patent/CN107371984A/en
Publication of CN107371984A publication Critical patent/CN107371984A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The present invention relates to plant transplantation technical field, and the more particularly to method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum;Including being managed after site preparation, transplanting and cultivation, site preparation includes setting matrimony vine plantation ridge and a kind plantation ridge, and plantation ridge is planted between setting 35 between each two matrimony vine plantation ridge;Transplanting is included in matrimony vine plantation ridge plantation matrimony vine and plants crop between a kind plantation ridge plantation;The method for transplanting has higher transplanting survival rate, and has higher lycium ruthenicum yield and higher economic benefit.

Description

The method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum
Technical field
The present invention relates to plant transplantation technical field, and the more particularly to method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum.
Background technology
Lycium ruthenicum is the ground such as perennial shrub, main product Qinghai, Inner Mongol, Xinjiang, Tibet, and it is husky to be grown on barren hill, riverbed Beach, there is extremely strong vitality, it should say and not tight is required to growing environment, drought-resistant, resistance to dust storm, resist cold.Lycium ruthenicum is to treasure thing Kind, high-grade invigorant, is referred to as " soft gold ", excessive due to plucking, the destruction Of resources, and yield is seldom.In order to meet increasingly to increase The long market demand is badly in need of a kind of implantation methods for the lycium ruthenicum that survival rate is high, yield is high.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum, the method for transplanting has higher transplant survival Rate, and there is higher lycium ruthenicum yield and higher economic benefit.
The present invention is realized using following technical scheme.
The present invention proposes a kind of method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum, and it is managed after including site preparation, transplanting and cultivation, and site preparation includes setting Matrimony vine plantation ridge and a kind plantation ridge, plantation ridge is planted between setting 3-5 between each two matrimony vine plantation ridge;Transplanting is included in matrimony vine Plantation ridge plants matrimony vine and plants crop between a kind plantation ridge plantation.
The beneficial effect of the method for transplanting of the lycium ruthenicum of the embodiment of the present invention is:The method for transplanting have higher transplanting into Motility rate, and there is higher lycium ruthenicum yield and higher economic benefit;The method for transplanting can also be effectively reduced manpower and thing The input of power, there is higher return rate.
Embodiment
, below will be in the embodiment of the present invention to make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer Technical scheme be clearly and completely described.Unreceipted actual conditions person, builds according to normal condition or manufacturer in embodiment The condition of view is carried out.Agents useful for same or the unreceipted production firm person of instrument, it is the conventional production that can be obtained by commercially available purchase Product.
The method for transplanting of the lycium ruthenicum of the embodiment of the present invention is specifically described below.
Before formal lycium ruthenicum transplanting is carried out, selection of selection of land, site preparation and transplanted seedling etc. can be first carried out.
Selection for transplanting ground can be that fertile sandy Barren is native or non-sandy Barren soil is, it is necessary to illustrate, black Chinese holly The transplanting of Qi is not suitable for carrying out in low-lying chaor.
It can carry out deep-cutting site preparation after selecting appropriate plot, the depth ploughed can be 25-35cm, and being in site preparation can be by ground Rubble, weeds and weeds eradicate and go.
After preliminary site preparation, the division of plantation ridge can be carried out to arranging the soil completed, mainly include matrimony vine plantation ridge and Between plant plantation ridge.In detail, plantation ridge is planted between each two matrimony vine plantation ridge between sandwiched 3-5, and can be in arable land outermost Both sides set two again respectively between plant plantation ridge;Above-mentioned matrimony vine plantation ridge is used to transplant matrimony vine (lycium ruthenicum), a kind plantation ridge For planting crop, such as witloof etc. between being planted in the transplanting of matrimony vine, and then the utilization in the soil of transplanting lycium ruthenicum can be improved Rate, it can correspondingly improve economic benefit during lycium ruthenicum plantation.
The width of each matrimony vine plantation ridge can be 40-60cm, and the width that plantation ridge is planted between each can be 30-40cm; Line space that lycium ruthenicum is transplanted can be substantially controlled in 180-260cm with this;The line space of lycium ruthenicum is arranged on wider Scope, it is ensured that after the tree crown of lycium ruthenicum plant scatters, also will not mutually keep the sun off, and then can plant between plant Expand the tree crown of lycium ruthenicum plant in managing afterwards as far as possible using the means of pruning, and then increase lycium ruthenicum fruitful branch Quantity, lift the yield of lycium ruthenicum.
Further, can be 1.8-2.2m in the strain spacing of the adjacent matrimony vine plant of each matrimony vine plantation ridge, can be with The illumination and the competition of nutrient being effectively prevented between lycium ruthenicum plant, and then make each lycium ruthenicum plant that all there is sufficient support Point and illumination, and then ensure lycium ruthenicum yield.
When carrying out the selection of lycium ruthenicum transplanting, transplanted preferably by annual nursery stock, annual nursery stock With stronger vitality, it is easier to adapt to the growing environment after transplanting, and then there is higher transplanting survival rate.Transplanting when Between may be selected in early April, carried out before resin flowing, seedling bud foliation, further improve the survival rate after transplanting.
Cave being dug according to above-mentioned strain spacing in matrimony vine plantation ridge and using base manure, 0.8-1.2kg is used in each kind of plant hole Farm manure, and can be after farm manure and soil are puddled in kind of plant hole is imposed on.The source of farm manure is wide, cost is low, nutrition It is relatively complete, the cost of matrimony vine plantation on the one hand can be reduced, on the other hand can be transplanted to matrimony vine and enough nutrients are provided, make matrimony vine What is grown after transplanting is more preferable.
One plant of lycium ruthenicum transplanted seedling is transplanted in each kind of above-mentioned plant hole, after the transplanting transplantation of seedlings of lycium ruthenicum, is poured in time Root water.Fortifield village can be used into a diameter in 1m or so pedosphere around transplanting lycium ruthenicum seedling, can play prevents seedling The effect that wood is blown to by envelope.
Watering after lycium ruthenicum transplantation of seedlings is watered in time when being additionally may included in arid, such as:The times such as late April; Before fruit picking and the fruit picking phase can also be appropriate watering, to ensure that Chinese wolfberry fruit is sufficiently developed, to obtain higher yield of medlar; It is once permeable that progress is also required to before the winter is entered, to ensure that lycium ruthenicum can smoothly pass the winter, reduces the death rate of lycium ruthenicum plant.
Being managed after the transplanting of lycium ruthenicum also includes top dressing, and top dressing can include applying 120-180g to every plant of lycium ruthenicum plant Urea, 80-100g quick-acting phosphate fertilizer, quick-acting phosphate fertilizer can be applied to matrimony vine plant with water, and should be ensured that and apply rapid available phosphorus The effective dose of fertilizer is 80-100g.The time of application of above-mentioned urea can be at the beginning of late May to 6 months, during the use of quick-acting phosphate fertilizer Between can be at the beginning of late July to August, above-mentioned quick-acting phosphate fertilizer can be potassium dihydrogen phosphate.In transplanting top dressing early stage of lycium ruthenicum Nitrogenous fertilizer can make the more vigorous of lycium ruthenicum plant vegetative growth, and providing nutrition to anaphase etc. ensures, is planted in lycium ruthenicum Later stage use phosphate fertilizer, can promote the reproductive growth of lycium ruthenicum, and then improve the result quantities of lycium ruthenicum, that is, improve lycium ruthenicum and move Yield after cultivation.
In order to promote the development of lycium ruthenicum root system, can also be ploughed deeply in mid-April and mid or late October, what is ploughed deeply At the same time it can also appropriate application fertilizer, further increase the fertilizer needed for lycium ruthenicum growth;Weeds can also be removed by ploughing deeply Go, avoid Competition for Nutrients.It should be noted that in the management after lycium ruthenicum is transplanted, carry out weeding can be repeatedly carried out.
It is good to be formed, it is necessary to carry out appropriate pruning to lycium ruthenicum plant in being managed after the transplanting of lycium ruthenicum It is tree-like, prevent Portugal is excellent from growing thickly, keep tree vigo(u)r it is vigorous, be advantageous to result, the high yield in later stage.
Above-mentioned pruning includes trimming for the first time, second of trimming and third time and trimmed;Trimming is included in shifting for the first time After planting seedling slow seedling, when height of seedling be 70-90cm, it is fixed dry to cut top when trunk is apart from ground 60-70cm, promotes that trunk is sturdy, sprouting Side shoot;Second of trimming is included in the Second Year of transplanting, under the clip of first time trimming at 30-40cm, trims side shoot, and select 3-4 side shoot of distribution uniform is stayed, can effectively promote trunk and the side shoot thickening left, forms first layer tree crown;The Trimming is included in after first layer tree crown formed three times, and top is being cut at first layer tree crown 50-65cm, and selects and remain 3-4 bar branches, To form second layer tree crown, it is noted that preventing that the height of tree is dry thin within the interval of second of trimming and third time trimming, prevent Shape, the trimming of above-mentioned third time can also include cutting off bottom apart from the excessively near branch in ground hat greatly, make plant further Grow tall thick.It should be noted that the mode for being referred to third time trimming is further trimmed and forms third layer tree crown, by 3- The cultivation of 5 years, the height of tree can reach 1.3-2m, that is, form bearing tree.
It should be further stated that lycium ruthenicum germination is stronger, in addition to above-mentioned trimming, in the annual spring and summer autumn three Season further can also suitably trim.Spring trims:Early March to late April, can be suitably by withered branch and withered Treetop is trimmed.Summer pruning:After tree lamina and stripping, cut off germinating branch on the branch of excessive growth, Ji Shengzhi and trunk, overlapping branch, Interior thorax branch, black branch will stay sunny side branch when overstocked, long fruit branch will be guarded against short, stay short, medium fruit branch more.Autumn trims:Cut off descending branch, weak Branch, overstocked branch, aging branch, the branch of excessive growth;The branch of excessive growth one is stayed to fill tree crown in scarce vacancy.By appropriate, rational pruning plant What can be grown is more vigorous, and then promotes the growth of yield.
The corresponding prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, including black fruit preventing and treating, gummosis can be carried out during management after lycium ruthenicum transplanting Disease preventing and treating, control of aphids, trypetid preventing and treating etc..The preventing and treating of black fruit can include:Disease branch, disease fruit are wiped out, is burnt or buried;Morbidity Preceding 1: 1: 120-140 times of Bordeaux mixture prevention of sprinkling;Period of disease can use 50% wettable Tuzet, 1000 times of liquid or wettable generation Gloomy 1000 times of liquid of zinc, every sprinkling in 7-10 days once, use within 15-20 days before fruit picking;Bleeding disease preventing and treating can include:After morbidity With 1: 1: 10-15 times of Bordeaux mixture brushing disease sites.The preventing and treating of aphid can include:50% 2500 times of wettable Aphox powder Liquid sprays;40% 1000 times of dimethoate emulsifiable concentrate liquid sprays;80% 2000 times of DDT EC liquid sprays.Trypetid preventing and treating can include: 80% 1000 times of metrifonate soluble powders liquid sprays.
After 8, September part fruit maturation, you can harvesting.The fruit taken, which can be positioned over shady place and spread out, to dry in the shade, and treats fruit Exposure to Sunlight or baking again after skin corrugates, when dry fruit water content is about that 10-20% fruits matter is not not soft hard, you can storage.
The method for transplanting of the lycium ruthenicum of the present invention is described in further detail with reference to embodiments.
Embodiment 1
In fertile Barren soil deep ploughings, depth of ploughing is 30cm, takes out rubble and weeds etc. in ground.Matrimony vine plantation ridge is set With a kind plantation ridge, plantation ridge is planted between sandwiched 4 between each two matrimony vine plantation ridge, and the outermost both sides in soil are respectively provided with two Plantation ridge is planted between individual, the width of matrimony vine plantation ridge is 60cm, and the width of a kind plantation ridge is 35cm, and Chinese holly is planted in matrimony vine plantation ridge Qi, in a kind plantation ridge plantation witloof.First spreaded manuer in holes before lycium ruthenicum is planted in plantation with base manure, each kind plant hole (every plant of transplanting Seedling) 1kg farm manure is applied, and mix administration thoroughly with soil.The transplanting of lycium ruthenicum is carried out in early April, is poured after transplanting and applies root water, The strain spacing of lycium ruthenicum in each matrimony vine plantation ridge is 2m.Watered in mid or late April arid, before fruit picking and the fruit picking phase is appropriate Watering, pay attention to watering before entering the winter.
Late May, every plant of lycium ruthenicum apply 150g urea;Late July, every plant of quick-acting phosphate fertilizer of lycium ruthenicum dissolved in water, The effective dose for ensureing every plant of lycium ruthenicum phosphate fertilizer is 80g.It can be ploughed deeply, be loosened the soil, weeding in mid-April, mid-October.
It is fixed dry cutting top at the 65cm of ground when the height of transplanted seedling grows to 80cm;Second Year is after first time trims Clip under side shoot is trimmed at 35cm, and 4 side shoots being evenly distributed are selected and remain in trunk;After first layer tree crown is formed, away from From cutting top at first layer tree crown 65cm, and 4 each branches are selected and remain, form second layer tree crown, it is also that bottom is excessively near close to ground Branch is cut off.In addition to above-mentioned trimming, further can also suitably it be trimmed in annual spring and autumn three quarters.Spring trims:3 Month the first tenday period of a month to late April, can suitably by withered branch and the trimming of withered treetop.Summer pruning:After tree lamina and stripping, Cut off germinating branch, overlapping branch, the interior thorax branch on the branch of excessive growth, Ji Shengzhi and trunk, black branch will stay sunny side branch, long fruit branch when overstocked Guard against short, stay short, medium fruit branch more.Autumn trims:Cut off descending branch, weak branch, overstocked branch, aging branch, the branch of excessive growth;Will in scarce vacancy The branch of excessive growth one is stayed to fill tree crown.
Black fruit is prevented and treated:Disease branch, disease fruit are wiped out, is burnt or buried;Bleeding disease is prevented and treated:With 1: 1: 10-15 times of ripple after morbidity The more liquid brushing disease sites of that;Control of aphids:50% 2500 times of wettable Aphox powder liquid sprays;Trypetid prevents and treats:80% enemy hundred The 1000 times of liquid sprinklings of worm soluble powders.
It can be plucked after August fruit maturation.
Embodiment 2
In fertile Barren soil deep ploughings, depth of ploughing is 25cm, takes out rubble and weeds etc. in ground.Matrimony vine plantation ridge is set With a kind plantation ridge, plantation ridge is planted between sandwiched 3 between each two matrimony vine plantation ridge, and the outermost both sides in soil are respectively provided with two Plantation ridge is planted between individual, the width of matrimony vine plantation ridge is 55cm, and the width of a kind plantation ridge is 40cm, and Chinese holly is planted in matrimony vine plantation ridge Qi, in a kind plantation ridge plantation witloof.First spreaded manuer in holes before lycium ruthenicum is planted in plantation with base manure, each kind plant hole (every plant of transplanting Seedling) 1.2kg farm manure is applied, and mix administration thoroughly with soil.The transplanting of lycium ruthenicum is carried out in early April, Shi Dinggen is poured after transplanting Water, the strain spacing of the lycium ruthenicum in each matrimony vine plantation ridge is 2.2m.Watered in mid or late April arid, before fruit picking and fruit picking Phase moderately waters, and pays attention to watering before entering the winter.
Late May, every plant of lycium ruthenicum apply 180g urea;Late July, every plant of lycium ruthenicum dissolved in water biphosphate Potassium, the effective dose for ensureing every plant of lycium ruthenicum phosphate fertilizer is 100g.It can be ploughed deeply in mid-April, mid-October, loosen the soil, remove Grass.
It is fixed dry cutting top at the 60cm of ground when the height of transplanted seedling grows to 70cm;Second Year is after first time trims Clip under side shoot is trimmed at 30cm, and 3 side shoots being evenly distributed are selected and remain in trunk;After first layer tree crown is formed, away from From cutting top at first layer tree crown 50cm, and 3 each branches are selected and remain, form second layer tree crown, it is also that bottom is excessively near close to ground Branch is cut off.In addition to above-mentioned trimming, further can also suitably it be trimmed in annual spring and autumn three quarters.Spring trims:3 Month the first tenday period of a month to late April, can suitably by withered branch and the trimming of withered treetop.Summer pruning:After tree lamina and stripping, Cut off germinating branch, overlapping branch, the interior thorax branch on the branch of excessive growth, Ji Shengzhi and trunk, black branch will stay sunny side branch, long fruit branch when overstocked Guard against short, stay short, medium fruit branch more.Autumn trims:Cut off descending branch, weak branch, overstocked branch, aging branch, the branch of excessive growth;Will in scarce vacancy The branch of excessive growth one is stayed to fill tree crown.
Black fruit is prevented and treated:Premorbid sprays 1: 1: 120-140 times of Bordeaux mixture prevention;Bleeding disease is prevented and treated:With 1: 1 after morbidity : 10-15 times of Bordeaux mixture brushing disease sites;Control of aphids:40% 1000 times of dimethoate emulsifiable concentrate liquid sprays;Trypetid prevents and treats:80% The 1000 times of liquid sprinklings of metrifonate soluble powders.
It can be plucked after September fruit maturation.
Embodiment 3
In fertile Barren soil deep ploughings, depth of ploughing is 35cm, takes out rubble and weeds etc. in ground.Matrimony vine plantation ridge is set With a kind plantation ridge, plantation ridge is planted between sandwiched 5 between each two matrimony vine plantation ridge, and the outermost both sides in soil are respectively provided with two Plantation ridge is planted between individual, the width of matrimony vine plantation ridge is 40cm, and the width of a kind plantation ridge is 30cm, and Chinese holly is planted in matrimony vine plantation ridge Qi, in a kind plantation ridge plantation witloof.First spreaded manuer in holes before lycium ruthenicum is planted in plantation with base manure, each kind plant hole (every plant of transplanting Seedling) 0.8kg farm manure is applied, and mix administration thoroughly with soil.The transplanting of lycium ruthenicum is carried out in early April, Shi Dinggen is poured after transplanting Water, the strain spacing of the lycium ruthenicum in each matrimony vine plantation ridge is 1.8m.Watered in mid or late April arid, before fruit picking and fruit picking Phase moderately waters, and pays attention to watering before entering the winter.
At the beginning of 6 months, every plant of lycium ruthenicum applies 120g urea;Late July, every plant of quick-acting phosphate fertilizer of lycium ruthenicum dissolved in water, protect The effective dose for demonstrate,proving every plant of lycium ruthenicum phosphate fertilizer is 90g.It can be ploughed deeply, be loosened the soil, weeding in mid-April, mid-October.
It is fixed dry cutting top at the 70cm of ground when the height of transplanted seedling grows to 90cm;Second Year is after first time trims Clip under side shoot is trimmed at 40cm, and 4 side shoots being evenly distributed are selected and remain in trunk;After first layer tree crown is formed, away from From cutting top at first layer tree crown 60cm, and 3 each branches are selected and remain, form second layer tree crown, it is also that bottom is excessively near close to ground Branch is cut off.In addition to above-mentioned trimming, further can also suitably it be trimmed in annual spring and autumn three quarters.Spring trims:3 Month the first tenday period of a month to late April, can suitably by withered branch and the trimming of withered treetop.Summer pruning:After tree lamina and stripping, Cut off germinating branch, overlapping branch, the interior thorax branch on the branch of excessive growth, Ji Shengzhi and trunk, black branch will stay sunny side branch, long fruit branch when overstocked Guard against short, stay short, medium fruit branch more.Autumn trims:Cut off descending branch, weak branch, overstocked branch, aging branch, the branch of excessive growth;Will in scarce vacancy The branch of excessive growth one is stayed to fill tree crown.
Black fruit is prevented and treated:Period of disease can use 1000 times of liquid of 50% wettable Tuzet, 1000 times of liquid or wettable zineb, Every sprinkling in 7 days once, use within 15 days before fruit picking;Bleeding disease is prevented and treated:Suffered from after morbidity with 1: 1: 10-15 times of Bordeaux mixture brushing Sick position;Control of aphids:80% 2000 times of DDT EC liquid sprays;Trypetid prevents and treats:80% metrifonate soluble powders 1000 The sprinkling of times liquid.
It can be plucked after August fruit maturation.
Embodiment 4
In fertile Barren soil deep ploughings, depth of ploughing is 32cm, takes out rubble and weeds etc. in ground.Matrimony vine plantation ridge is set With a kind plantation ridge, plantation ridge is planted between sandwiched 4 between each two matrimony vine plantation ridge, and the outermost both sides in soil are respectively provided with two Plantation ridge is planted between individual, the width of matrimony vine plantation ridge is 50cm, and the width of a kind plantation ridge is 36cm, and Chinese holly is planted in matrimony vine plantation ridge Qi, in a kind plantation ridge plantation witloof.First spreaded manuer in holes before lycium ruthenicum is planted in plantation with base manure, each kind plant hole (every plant of transplanting Seedling) 1.1kg farm manure is applied, and mix administration thoroughly with soil.The transplanting of lycium ruthenicum is carried out in early April, Shi Dinggen is poured after transplanting Water, the strain spacing of the lycium ruthenicum in each matrimony vine plantation ridge is 2.1m.Watered in mid or late April arid, before fruit picking and fruit picking Phase moderately waters, and pays attention to watering before entering the winter.
At the beginning of 6 months, every plant of lycium ruthenicum applies 160g urea;At the beginning of August, every plant of quick-acting phosphate fertilizer of lycium ruthenicum dissolved in water, ensure The effective dose of every plant of lycium ruthenicum phosphate fertilizer is 85g.It can be ploughed deeply, be loosened the soil, weeding in mid-April, late October.
It is fixed dry cutting top at the 63cm of ground when the height of transplanted seedling grows to 85cm;Second Year is after first time trims Clip under side shoot is trimmed at 32cm, and 3 side shoots being evenly distributed are selected and remain in trunk;After first layer tree crown is formed, away from From cutting top at first layer tree crown 58cm, and 4 each branches are selected and remain, form second layer tree crown, it is also that bottom is excessively near close to ground Branch is cut off.In addition to above-mentioned trimming, further can also suitably it be trimmed in annual spring and autumn three quarters.Spring trims:3 Month the first tenday period of a month to late April, can suitably by withered branch and the trimming of withered treetop.Summer pruning:After tree lamina and stripping, Cut off germinating branch, overlapping branch, the interior thorax branch on the branch of excessive growth, Ji Shengzhi and trunk, black branch will stay sunny side branch, long fruit branch when overstocked Guard against short, stay short, medium fruit branch more.Autumn trims:Cut off descending branch, weak branch, overstocked branch, aging branch, the branch of excessive growth;Will in scarce vacancy The branch of excessive growth one is stayed to fill tree crown.
Black fruit is prevented and treated:Period of disease can use 1000 times of liquid of 50% wettable Tuzet, 1000 times of liquid or wettable zineb, Every sprinkling in 10 days once, use within 20 days before fruit picking;Bleeding disease is prevented and treated:With 1: 1: 10-15 times of Bordeaux mixture brushing after morbidity Disease sites;Control of aphids:80% 2000 times of DDT EC liquid sprays;Trypetid prevents and treats:80% metrifonate soluble powders 1000 times of liquid sprinklings.
It can be plucked after September fruit maturation.
Comparative example 1
Plantation ridge is planted between being not provided with comparative example 1, the width of matrimony vine plantation ridge is 1m, i.e. spacer of the matrimony vine in plantation From narrower, what is managed after other cultivations is carried out with reference to embodiment 1.
Comparative example 2
The lycium ruthenicum transplanting of comparative example 2, does not impose quick-acting phosphate fertilizer, the reference embodiment 1 managed after other cultivations after transplanting Carry out.
After Second Year harvesting lycium ruthenicum fruit after transplanting, the unit area production of comparing embodiment 1-4 and comparative example 1,2 Amount, the results are shown in Table 1.
The each group of table 1 transplants the yield per unit area (kg/ mus) of lycium ruthenicum
Group number Yield per unit area (kg/ mus) Group number Yield per unit area (kg/ mus)
Embodiment 1 85.5 Embodiment 4 85.9
Embodiment 2 86.3 Comparative example 1 63.9
Embodiment 3 87.1 Comparative example 2 69.5
As shown in Table 1, the line space (strain spacing) of lycium ruthenicum transplanting is narrower, can cause the unit area of lycium ruthenicum Yield is smaller;Phosphate fertilizer is not imposed after lycium ruthenicum transplanting, the yield per unit area of lycium ruthenicum is also smaller, it can be seen that, the present invention The method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum can effectively improve the yield per unit area of lycium ruthenicum.
In summary, the beneficial effect of the method for transplanting of the lycium ruthenicum of the embodiment of the present invention is:The method for transplanting have compared with High transplanting survival rate, and there is higher lycium ruthenicum yield and higher economic benefit;The method for transplanting can also effectively drop The input of low man power and material, there is higher return rate.
Embodiments described above is part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.The reality of the present invention The detailed description for applying example is not intended to limit the scope of claimed invention, but is merely representative of the selected implementation of the present invention Example.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, what those of ordinary skill in the art were obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Every other embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum, it is characterised in that including being managed after site preparation, transplanting and cultivation, the site preparation includes setting Matrimony vine plantation ridge and a kind plantation ridge are put, plantation ridge is planted between being set between matrimony vine plantation ridge described in each two described in 3-5;It is described Transplanting, which is included in the matrimony vine plantation ridge plantation matrimony vine and planted between described between plantation ridge is planted, plants crop.
2. the method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the width of the matrimony vine plantation ridge is 40-60cm, the width that plantation ridge is planted between described is 30-40cm.
3. the method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that each the matrimony vine plantation ridge is adjacent The strain spacing of matrimony vine be 1.8-2.2m.
4. the method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the site preparation also includes applying base manure, The farm manure for including spreading manuer in holes with 0.8-1.2kg to the plantation of each matrimony vine using base manure.
5. the method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that management includes pouring root water after the cultivation And top dressing.
6. the method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the top dressing includes applying to every plant of matrimony vine With 120-180g urea.
7. the method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the top dressing also includes to every plant of matrimony vine Using 80-100g quick-acting phosphate fertilizer.
8. the method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that being managed after the cultivation also includes trimming, The trimming includes trimming for the first time, second of trimming and third time and trimmed;The first time trimming is included in the height of transplanted seedling Spend for 70-90cm when, it is fixed dry that top is cut at 60-70cm from the ground in trunk;Second of trimming is included in transplanting Second Year, Under the clip of the first time trimming at 30-40cm, side shoot is trimmed;The third time trimming is included in first layer tree crown and formed Afterwards, top is being cut at the first layer tree crown 50-65cm.
9. the method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that being managed after the cultivation also includes anti-cure the disease Insect pest.
10. the method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that being managed after the cultivation also includes removing Weeds.
CN201710803211.2A 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 The method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum Pending CN107371984A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710803211.2A CN107371984A (en) 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 The method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710803211.2A CN107371984A (en) 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 The method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107371984A true CN107371984A (en) 2017-11-24

Family

ID=60351287

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710803211.2A Pending CN107371984A (en) 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 The method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107371984A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107926449A (en) * 2017-12-10 2018-04-20 刘占贵 Play the technology of high ridge plantation lycium ruthenicum in a kind of salt-soda soil
CN108990667A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-14 西北师范大学 Pass through the method for improvement sand ground gravel sand ground auxiliary plantation lycium ruthenicum
CN111226672A (en) * 2020-01-17 2020-06-05 武威市林业科学研究院 Lycium ruthenicum seedling culture and afforestation method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101836571A (en) * 2010-03-25 2010-09-22 甘肃农业大学 Method for planting medlar in high-altitude saline-alkali soil
CN105052448A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-18 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Relay cropping method of matrimony vines and peanuts in saline-alkali land
CN105165357A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-23 曾小虎 Planting method for high-altitude saline-alkali soil black medlar tree
CN106376410A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-08 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Method of improving saline-alkali soil via lycium barbarum plantation

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101836571A (en) * 2010-03-25 2010-09-22 甘肃农业大学 Method for planting medlar in high-altitude saline-alkali soil
CN105052448A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-18 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Relay cropping method of matrimony vines and peanuts in saline-alkali land
CN105165357A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-23 曾小虎 Planting method for high-altitude saline-alkali soil black medlar tree
CN106376410A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-08 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Method of improving saline-alkali soil via lycium barbarum plantation

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
赵明优: "黑果枸杞在辽西地区的栽培技术", 《辽宁林业科技》 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107926449A (en) * 2017-12-10 2018-04-20 刘占贵 Play the technology of high ridge plantation lycium ruthenicum in a kind of salt-soda soil
CN108990667A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-14 西北师范大学 Pass through the method for improvement sand ground gravel sand ground auxiliary plantation lycium ruthenicum
CN111226672A (en) * 2020-01-17 2020-06-05 武威市林业科学研究院 Lycium ruthenicum seedling culture and afforestation method
CN111226672B (en) * 2020-01-17 2021-07-30 武威市林业科学研究院 Lycium ruthenicum seedling culture and afforestation method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102613042B (en) Method for increasing yield of plums
CN102293138B (en) Greenhouse vegetable type culture method for grape
CN105028110B (en) A kind of large cherry control root downgrades dense planting cultural method high
CN102293106B (en) Method for cultivating hardy eucalyptus forests suitable for climates at north latitude of 26-30 degrees
CN105746277B (en) A kind of method of apocarya young growth and white tea composite plant
CN106034910A (en) Method for culturing seedlings of carya illinoensis
CN101536656A (en) Method of culturing of seedling and standardized planting protection of seeds of shinyleaf yellowhorn
CN104620928A (en) Saline-alkali soil fruit tree planting method
CN109220465A (en) A kind of cultivation and pruning method of Chinese pricklyash
CN104620833B (en) Cultivation method of stone fruit trees for protected areas
CN107251792A (en) A kind of Chinese chestnut good quality and high output implantation methods
CN104823655A (en) Cultivation method of mulberries
CN108040706A (en) A kind of implantation methods for improving oil tea fruit bearing rate
CN107743810A (en) A kind of implantation methods of navel orange
CN108174739A (en) Four major branch rapid shaping method of peach
CN107318557A (en) A kind of plantation method of late-maturing citrus
CN104472174A (en) Planting method for early sowing black peanuts with shells
CN107371984A (en) The method for transplanting of lycium ruthenicum
CN107094580A (en) It is a kind of tea tree is done sth. in advance the breeding method gone into operation
CN105052652B (en) A kind of pomegranate tree and the Hilly arid land cultural method of wild leek and application
CN109247174B (en) Cultivation method for mulberry fruit bearing in three seasons
CN104206130A (en) Method for interplanting maize and red cluster peppers
CN107360931A (en) A kind of method that old peach garden is quickly updated to garden
CN106982702A (en) Warmhouse booth grape two crops a year Spring Festival listing technology
CN107258293A (en) A kind of rich root method for culturing seedlings of toon rapid cuttage

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20171124