CN105052652B - A kind of pomegranate tree and the Hilly arid land cultural method of wild leek and application - Google Patents

A kind of pomegranate tree and the Hilly arid land cultural method of wild leek and application Download PDF

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CN105052652B
CN105052652B CN201510454315.8A CN201510454315A CN105052652B CN 105052652 B CN105052652 B CN 105052652B CN 201510454315 A CN201510454315 A CN 201510454315A CN 105052652 B CN105052652 B CN 105052652B
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soil
water
pomegranate tree
fertilizer
plant
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CN105052652A (en
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孙霞
徐中良
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Shandong University of Technology
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Shandong University of Technology
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of pomegranate tree and the Hilly arid land cultural method of wild leek and application, belong to agricultural plantation technology field.Method provided by the present invention is improvement natural rain road, builds water cellar, by Hilly arid land terraced fields reconstruction waviness farmland, then it is covered each by planting pomegranate tree in the way of plastic foil carrys out antiseepage moisturizing by cave bottom and on the ground, the wild leek of intercropping plant, to pomegranate tree and wild leek manage between field simultaneously.The present invention is significantly better than existing method on cultivation management, it is possible to increase yield, under the conditions of management cost is not increased, additional income can realize water saving, saving of labor, the purpose of high yield synergy.Suitable for the Hilly arid land cultivation of pomegranate tree and wild leek.

Description

A kind of pomegranate tree and the Hilly arid land cultural method of wild leek and application
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of pomegranate tree and the Hilly arid land cultural method of wild leek and application, belong to agricultural planting skill Art field.
Background technology
The agricultural production of current Hills is still in the state of extensive cultivation, and low-yield land, low yield orchard accounts for very big ratio, Light, heat, water and the land resource of preciousness are not only wasted, and needs constantly artificial input.Produce the basic of extensive operation Reason is that lasting artificial input cost and output be not in direct ratio, lacks the introduction of goods and materials input and science and technology.Therefore, change Become the artificial input of Hills, science changes cropping pattern, is the necessary condition that scale agricultural production is done step-by-step.Only With reference to mountain area climatic characteristic, the multi-level three-dimensional agriculture in layout mountain area greatly develops the production model once planted and harvested for many years, Make great efforts to safeguard and improve ecological environments of the mountain area, can just obtain comparatively ideal economic benefit and ecological benefits.
Pomegranate tree is barren-resistant and arid, and wild leek kind, which has, once plants, the good characteristic harvested for many years.Wild fragrant-flowered garlic Dish can typically reserve seed for planting naturally, there is good market prospects, can carry out deep processing to edible wild herbs, except it is traditional it is drying, pickle it is outer, and also Exploitation is recorded, pickles product, edible wild herbs juice and the fresh-keeping product of edible wild herbs so that the economic value of edible wild herbs is further improved.
Pomegranate is to cultivate based on pomegranate fruit in cultivation, and main improved seeds have clovershrub, rascal sweet tea, white skin sweet tea, red skin Sweet tea etc..
Wild fragrant-flowered garlic leaf, scape and Hua Jun are for vegetable consumption;Seed etc. can be used as medicine, with kidney tonifying, and stomach invigorating is refreshed oneself, and hidroschesis is astringent or styptic treatment for spontaneous sweating The effects such as.Strong adaptability, cold-resistant is drought-enduring, and all parts of the country can be cultivated.
The content of the invention
To solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides the Hilly arid land cultivation side of a kind of pomegranate tree and wild leek Method, the technical scheme of use is as follows:
It is an object of the invention to provide the Hilly arid land cultural method of a kind of pomegranate tree and wild leek, this method is to change Hilly arid land terraced fields are reconstructed waviness farmland by good natural rain road, construction water cellar, and modeling is then covered each by with cave bottom and on the ground The mode that material film carrys out antiseepage moisturizing plants pomegranate tree, while the wild leek of intercropping plant, field is carried out to pomegranate tree and wild leek Between between manage.
Methods described step is as follows:
1) the natural rain road of mountain area hills terraced fields is improved using the mode reinforced intensification, lane change and road, shunted, in terraced fields Corner area builds water cellar and rainwater sedimentation basin is set in front of rainwater, water cellar to collect, and the side rear of water cellar sets effluent pipe mouth;
2) mountain area Hilly arid land terraced fields are reconstructed into waviness farmland, in favor of rainwater-collecting, water conservancy diversion and retaining;
3) back taper kind planting ditch is dug according to planting density and line space, excavates plant pit;
4) pomegranate tree and wild leek are planted in ridge Bei Huogou sides according to thickness of soil;The plantation pomegranate tree, before being year After site preparation, soil in cave is translated into ground before plantation with plantation pomegranate tree with lifting when ground temperature at the beginning of 4 months rises to more than 10 DEG C Expansion cave is ploughed deeply in face, progress, is mixed into organic fertilizer, and lays one layer of plastic film on the hard stratum of cave bottom, is applied again after backfilling mellow soil Covering second layer plastic film on rear plant pit is treaded in composite fertilizer, deep cave shallow embedding, dark hydroponics, and lateral root is promoted beneficial to temperature raising soil moisture conservation Growth;The wild leek of the plantation, is to be broadcasted sowing using wet method of broadcasting in seedling furrow after late June to late July, presoaking and germinating, divides Earthing, covers one layer of thin soil for the first time twice, second of earthing, and the broken grass of lid last layer or dead leaf are with moisturizing again after getting damp;
5) pomegranate tree after plant is carried out pinching, do, shape, apply fertilizer, topdress, water, trim calmly, sparse branching management, its It is middle fertilising, topdress and water, be to be applied fertilizer in autumn, 6, August part respectively impose urea once, carried out after topdressing according to rain fall Water;
6) wild leek loosened the soil, applied fertilizer, being topdressed, being watered, pesticide grown, management of cutting weeds, wherein apply fertilizer, topdress, Water and pesticide grown, be that height of seedling 5cm is gently poured watering, fertilizing can be combined after a water, 10cm or is topdressed, every mu of 0.5-1kg, seedling Control to water after high 15 centimetres.
Preferably, step 3) planting density is every mu of 70-110 plants of pomegranate tree of plantation, the line space is 3m;Institute State on back taper kind planting ditch, ditch along wide 1m, deep 0.6m-0.8m;The plant pit, wide 50cm, long 50cm, depth 60cm.
Preferably, step 4) it is described pomegranate tree and wild leek are planted in ridge Bei Huogou sides according to thickness of soil, be when soil Earth thickness is less than 0.6m, ridge back plantation pomegranate tree, the ridge back of the body and and ditch side plant wild leek, when thickness of soil is not less than 0.6m, wild leek is planted in ridge Bei Jigou sides, and pomegranate tree is planted in kind of planting ditch;The backfill mellow soil, deep 10-20cm.
Preferably, step 4) plastic film, diameter 0.6m-0.8m, area is more than plant pit 10-20cm;It is described wild Leek, every mu of sowing quantity 1-2kg, the earthing, gross thickness 2cm.
Preferably, step 5) the fixed dry, setting, naturally tree-like using plexi, heading height is 30-50 centimetres, is sent 4-6 major branch, is grown after 2-3 naturally, and the support of major branch angle is pulled into 55-60 degree.
Preferably, step 5) fertilising, it is every plant and applies 100-200 kilograms of barnyard manure, 1-2 kilograms of cake fertilizer;It is described to impose urine Element, the raw trees of 1-2, each every plant of 50-100 grams of consumption, the raw trees of 3-4, each every plant of 200-250 grams of consumption.
Preferably, step 6) fertilising or topdress, it is that can combine to water to apply and become thoroughly decomposed muck or impose urea 2-3 times.
Methods described is concretely comprised the following steps:
1) the natural rain road of mountain area hills terraced fields is improved using the mode reinforced intensification, lane change and road, shunted, in terraced fields Corner area builds water cellar and rainwater sedimentation basin is set in front of rainwater, water cellar to collect, and the side rear of water cellar sets effluent pipe mouth;
2) mountain area Hilly arid land terraced fields are reconstructed into waviness farmland, in favor of rainwater-collecting, water conservancy diversion and retaining;
3) according to every mu of planting density 70-110 plant of pomegranate tree of plantation, line space 3m, dig width 1m, depth 0.6m-0.8m Taper seeding planting ditch, then excavates width 50cm, long 50cm, depth 60cm plant pit;
4) pomegranate tree and wild leek are planted in ridge Bei Huogou sides according to thickness of soil, when thickness of soil is less than 0.6m, Wild leek is planted in ridge back plantation pomegranate tree, ridge Bei Jigou sides, and when thickness of soil is not less than 0.6m, wild leek is planted in ridge The back of the body and ditch side, pomegranate tree are planted in kind of planting ditch;The plantation pomegranate tree, is that the ground temperature at the beginning of 4 months rises to 10 before year after site preparation With lifting with plantation pomegranate tree when more than DEG C, soil in cave is translated into ground before plantation, progress ploughs deeply expansion cave, is mixed into organic fertilizer, And one layer of diameter 0.6m-0.8m plastic film is laid on the hard stratum of cave bottom, ground membrane area is more than plant pit 10-20cm, backfill Mellow soil depth 10-20cm, then composite fertilizer is applied, covering second layer plastic film on rear plant pit is treaded in deep cave shallow embedding, dark hydroponics, Promote lateral root growth beneficial to temperature raising soil moisture conservation;The wild leek of the plantation, is using wet after late June to late July, presoaking and germinating Broadcast method to broadcast sowing in seedling furrow, in two times earthing, one layer of thin soil is covered for the first time, second of earthing, earthing gross thickness again after getting damp 2cm, every mu of sowing quantity 1-2kg, and the broken grass of lid last layer or dead leaf are with moisturizing;
5) pomegranate tree after plant is carried out pinching, do, shape, apply fertilizer, topdress, water, trim calmly, sparse branching management, its Middle fertilising, topdress and water, be to be applied fertilizer in autumn, every plant is applied 100-200 kilograms of barnyard manure, 1-2 kilograms of cake fertilizer, 6, August part respectively Impose urea once, the raw trees of 1-2, each every plant of 50-100 grams of consumption, the raw trees of 3-4, each every plant of 200-250 grams of consumption, Watered after topdressing according to rain fall;The fixed dry, setting, naturally tree-like using plexi, heading height is 30-50 lis Rice, sends 4-6 major branch, grows naturally after 2-3, and the support of major branch angle is pulled into 55-60 degree;
6) wild leek loosened the soil, applied fertilizer, being topdressed, being watered, pesticide grown, management of cutting weeds, wherein apply fertilizer, topdress, Water and pesticide grown, be that can become thoroughly decomposed muck with reference to watering to apply after height of seedling 5cm gently pours a water, 10cm or impose urea 2-3 times, And with water punching apply trichlorphon, every mu of 0.5-1kg, 15 centimetres of height of seedling after control to water.
Either method described above is applied to the Hilly arid land cultivation of pomegranate tree and wild leek.
One layer of cave bottom mulch film abbreviation mulch film in the present invention, ground floor mulch film is referred to as a day film, using the world bimodulus covering come Reach the purpose of antiseepage moisturizing, referred to as world two-membrane process antiseepage moisturizing technology, rainwater can be detained and reduce side leakage, promote to plant Strain lateral root growth.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1. the cultivation that the present invention is transformed according to the wave of world two-membrane process antiseepage moisturizing technology and mountain area Hilly arid land terraced fields Training technology carries out crop field management.By the ripple for carrying out world two-membrane process antiseepage moisturizing technology and mountain area Hilly arid land terraced fields The transformation of unrestrained formula, can retain and conserve soil moisture and improve to greatest extent Water Cycle utilization rate and reduce soil moisture volatilization, formation with The farming soil moisture conservation technology received based on rain retaining, makes full use of natural precipitation, so as to realize the purpose of dry land high yield.
2. lasting in solution Hilly arid land cultivation industry of planting forest or fruit tress management once plant Multiple harvests to water problems there is provided one kind Edible wild herbs fruit tree intercropping mode, be with saving of labor, the time saving, production model that increases benefit.
3. the present invention carries out crop interplanting according to corresponding cultivation technique, it is possible to reduce the harm of weeds and disease pest, reduce The use of agricultural chemicals;Improve economic wooden land ecological environment, the soil erosion in forest land is reduced, with good economy, ecological benefits.
Embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention will be further described, but the present invention should not be limited by the examples.
Embodiment 1:
Tradition 1 year season of plantation or 2 years three seasons, wheat and corn is mainly planted, carry out ethnic group day and receive, do not receive within 10 years eight. Generally seen wheat, corn, cotton, peanut, vegetables etc. are obtained by way of dry-land cultivation, specific cultivation step root Determined according to region, period, crop varieties etc., usually including site preparation, (site preparation is exactly the one of crop sowing or the preceding progress of transplanting The general name of serial consolidation), sowing, fertilising, irrigation, draining, the integrated agriculture measure such as field management and harvest.
The Cultivate administration of corn
1st, prepare before sowing:Stubble-cleaning is ploughed after autumn;Plough in advance, loosing soil is beneficial to soil moisture conservation, beneficial to the absorption of moisture.
2nd, sow:Robbed when soil moisture content (soil relative water content 60%-70%) is suitable between the 20-6 months in May No. 20 and broadcast corn product Kind, dressed seed before broadcasting using seed coat agent.Depth 3-5cm is sowed, every mu is stayed 4000 plants of seedling.
3rd, apply fertilizer:Every mu of base fertilizer sprays corn herbicide before seedling stage using 30-40 kilograms of composite fertilizer after broadcasting.Before 7-8 month rain Can every mu impose 10-15 kilograms of urea.
4th, preventing and treating pest and disease damage and harvest:Preventing and treating pest and disease damage, is harvested in good time in time.
Embodiment 2
First, the transformation of mountain area Hilly arid land terraced fields
1st, the construction of water cellar
The natural rain road of mountain area hills terraced fields is made full use of, the improvement such as intensification, lane change and road, shunting is reinforced, with profit In the collection and irrigation of rainwater.Water cellar is built to be used to collect to set rainwater sedimentation basin, water cellar before rainwater, water cellar in terraced fields corner area Hose nozzle is set out behind side.
2nd, the transformation of terraced fields
Terraced fields reconstruction is beneficial to rainwater-collecting, water conservancy diversion, retaining for undaform farmland, increases thickness of soil and the native table footpath of rainwater again The stream time, beneficial to plant growth.
3rd, capable to excavate back taper kind planting ditch (being both to lead big vast canal) from 3m according to every mu of 70-110 plants of planting density, wide 1m is deep 0.6m-0.8m.Plant pit is excavated, one layer of diameter 0.6m-0.8m plastic film is laid on the hard stratum of cave bottom, ground membrane area is more than Plant pit 10-20cm, backfills mellow soil 10-20cm, carries out world two-membrane process antiseepage moisturizing technology, accomplishes deep cave shallow embedding as far as possible.
As thickness of soil does not reach 0.6m, pomegranate tree is planted in ridge back, ridge Bei Jigou sides plantation mountain fragrant-flowered garlic;Such as thickness of soil 0.6m is reached, mountain fragrant-flowered garlic is planted in ridge Bei Jigou sides, and pomegranate tree is planted in kind of planting ditch.
2nd, the plantation of pomegranate
Pomegranate is to cultivate based on pomegranate fruit in cultivation, and main improved seeds have clovershrub, rascal sweet tea, white skin sweet tea, red skin Sweet tea etc..
1st, soil in cave is first translated into ground before planting, progress ploughs deeply expansion cave, is mixed into enough organic fertilizers.It is hard at cave bottom One layer of diameter 0.6m-0.8m plastic film is laid on soil layer, ground membrane area is more than plant pit 10-20cm, to prevent and treat rain leakage With the lateral root growth beneficial to pomegranate tree.Backfill mellow soil 10-20cm applies appropriate composite fertilizer again, accomplishes deep cave shallow embedding as far as possible, secretly Hydroponics.Tread and second layer plastic film preventing and treating moisture evaporation is covered on rear plant pit.Carry out world two-membrane process antiseepage moisturizing skill It is postoperative, accomplish deep cave shallow embedding as far as possible.Plantation distance between rows and hills is advisable with 3 meters × 3 meters in flakes.
2nd, pollinated variety pomegranate has been configured and has spent solid to be different, main breed and pollinated variety ratio are at least 3:1, it is above-mentioned Kind can pollinated variety each other.
3rd, appropriate evening plants, and therefore pomegranate early spring easy stripping, will plant when ground temperature at the beginning of 4 months rises to more than 10 DEG C, with rising Seedling, with plantation, sets disk covering with plastic film, temperature raising soil moisture conservation shortens seedling-slowing stage, improves survival rate after cultivation.
4th, pinching promote strong plantation then 7, August part, carry out pinching, inspire branch, promote bottom sturdy.Rainy season in July arrives Afterwards, water, the anti-prosperous length of branch, it is to avoid branch Winter-Spring is drained to be controlled.
5th, pomegranate preferably uses plexi naturally tree-like.Heading height is 30-50 centimetres, sends 4-6 major branch, is grown naturally After 2-3, the support of major branch angle is pulled to 55-60 degree, you can basic shaping.Wanted in trimming the summer in winter combine, pomegranate result with Based on leafage branch with the good leaf of 6-8 pieces, therefore, lateral bud is enriched in the excessively prosperous branch of spring in summer internal thorax, Secondary Branch and long shoot pinching, promotees The strong brachyplast of hair.Pomegranate branch power is strong, winter pruning extension branch need not cutting back, only remove unsubstantial secondary of overstocked branch and development Branch.
6th, every plant of rational application of fertilizer autumn applies 100-200 kilograms of high-quality barnyard manure, 1-2 kilograms of cake fertilizer;6th, August part is respectively imposed Urea once, the raw trees of 1-2, each every plant of 50-100 grams of consumption, the raw trees of 3-4, each every plant with 200~250 grams of member, According to rain fall after topdressing, take the circumstances into consideration to water.Covering with ground sheeting and the raw trees of tree disk covering 1-2, late fall in early spring covering with plastic film one It is secondary;
7th, autumn, pomegranate tree often sprouts many two, three young sprouts, so that tree crown branch is intensive, causes ventilation saturating Light is bad, causes that fruit increase is slow, it is bad to colour, also influence in thorax leafage branch and brachyplast form bud.Therefore, strengthen autumn to repair Cut and be particularly important.
Sparse branching:Continue to wipe out close life, excessive growth, have disease pest sprout branch, sprout tillers.It is required that the hot spot after sparse branching under tree crown is equal It is even to be distributed on ground, it is suitable with account for full crown mapping area 10% -15%.Ensure that fruit is directly shown in light, make interior thorax leaf Clump branch and brachyplast see that light is sufficient, form bud fast.The disease pest fruit branch cut is taken buried or burned.
Density, pinching:The branch of excessive growth, vertical branch, dense branches and the very thin branch of thorax in tree crown are removed, inner canopy ventilation is kept Printing opacity.To do not stop growing yet but by cultivate it is tree-like for the purpose of need retain the prosperous tip carry out light panching, to reduce nutrient consumption, Shoot growth is set to enrich stalwartness, it is ensured that safe overwintering.
3rd, the management of wild leek
Wild fragrant-flowered garlic leaf, scape and Hua Jun are for vegetable consumption;Seed etc. can be used as medicine, with kidney tonifying, and stomach invigorating is refreshed oneself, and hidroschesis is astringent or styptic treatment for spontaneous sweating The effects such as.Strong adaptability, cold-resistant is drought-enduring, and all parts of the country can be cultivated.
(1) site preparation:More than 30cm is ploughed deeply into plot in woods before year, suned the earth which has been ploughed up to year the 3-4 middle of the month, rake is thin, sorts out weeds; Farm manure 2000kg~4000kg that every mu of administration is become thoroughly decomposed, uniformly spreads fertilizer over the fields in whole good ground, ploughs deeply, soil is filled with farm manure Divide and mix, leveling earth;
(2) sow:A. seed treatment:With 35 DEG C~40 DEG C water seed soakings 24 hours before sowing, then pressed with 50% carbendazim 0.3%~0.5% seed dressing of seed weight;B. sowing time:At the beginning of late June to 7 months, after soil is sufficiently humidified so as under rainwater thoroughly Sowing;C. application rate:Every mu with kind of a 1-2kg;And the broken grass of lid last layer or dead leaf are with moisturizing;
(3) wild leek seedling growth is slow, answers sowing date for early sowing, is advisable with the sowing of late June to late July.Seed soaking is urged Broadcasted sowing after bud using wet method of broadcasting in seedling furrow, earthing, covers one layer of thin soil for the first time in two times, second of earthing again after getting damp covers Native gross thickness 2cm.Every mu of sowing quantity 1-2kg.Height of seedling 5cm or so gently pours a water, loosens the soil in time;After 10cm, it can combine and pour Eaves gutter, which is applied, to become thoroughly decomposed muck or imposes urea 2-3 times, and applies every mu of 0.5-1kg of trichlorphon with water punching, to kill the evil such as fragrant-flowered garlic maggot Worm.Controlled irrigation after 15 centimetres of height of seedling, lodges to prevent excessive growth.Weeds should be pulled out in time, and mu is used before after planting emerging 0.15kg33% weedings promoting lactation oil spraying treatment earth's surface.
Embodiment 1 and the effect of embodiment 2 are compared, comparative result is as shown in table 1:
The contrast of the embodiment 1 of table 1 and the cultural method effect of embodiment 2
As it can be seen from table 1 compared with embodiment 1 (conventional method is cultivated), method (embodiment provided by the present invention 2) conventional method (embodiment 1), the inventive method energy, are significantly better than that in terms of water consumption, time, yield, income, soil fertility Retaining is enough carried out, the used time is reduced year by year, yield is high, income is high, have improvement to soil fertility, water moisture self restraint ability is improved, while can Formation industry is beautified the environment.
Method provided by the present invention is significantly better than existing method on cultivation management, one season of output increased, in management Under the conditions of cost is not increased, the income of the wild leek of spring and autumn is added, soil losses can be prevented and treated by planting wild leek, Reduce the preventing and treating of pest and disease damage.It it is the good season gone sightseeing, so as to realize water saving, saving of labor, high yield when pomegranate flower leek opens The purpose of synergy.
Although the present invention is disclosed as above with preferred embodiment, it is not limited to the present invention, any to be familiar with this The people of technology, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, can do various changes and modification, therefore the protection of the present invention What scope should be defined by claims is defined.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of pomegranate tree and the Hilly arid land cultural method of wild leek, it is characterised in that step is as follows:
1) the natural rain road of mountain area hills terraced fields is improved using the mode reinforced intensification, lane change and road, shunted, in the corner of terraced fields Area builds water cellar and rainwater sedimentation basin is set in front of rainwater, water cellar to collect, and the side rear of water cellar sets effluent pipe mouth;
2) mountain area Hilly arid land terraced fields are reconstructed into waviness farmland, in favor of rainwater-collecting, water conservancy diversion and retaining;
3) back taper kind planting ditch is dug according to planting density and line space, excavates plant pit;
4) pomegranate tree and wild leek are planted in ridge Bei Huogou sides according to thickness of soil;The plantation pomegranate tree, is site preparation before year Afterwards, when ground temperature at the beginning of 4 months rises to more than 10 DEG C with lifting with plantation pomegranate tree, plantation before soil in cave is translated into ground, enter Row ploughs deeply expansion cave, is mixed into organic fertilizer, and lay on the hard stratum of cave bottom applied again after one layer of plastic film, backfill mellow soil it is compound Covering second layer plastic film on rear plant pit is treaded in fertilizer, deep cave shallow embedding, dark hydroponics, and lateral root growth is promoted beneficial to temperature raising soil moisture conservation; The wild leek of the plantation, is to be broadcasted sowing using wet method of broadcasting in seedling furrow after late June to late July, presoaking and germinating, covered in two times Soil, covers one layer of thin soil for the first time, second of earthing, and the broken grass of lid last layer or dead leaf are with moisturizing again after getting damp;
5) pomegranate tree after plant is carried out pinching, do, shape, apply fertilizer, water, trim calmly, sparse branching management, wherein applying fertilizer and pouring Water, is to be applied fertilizer in autumn, 6, August part respectively impose urea once, watered after topdressing according to rain fall;
6) wild leek loosened the soil, applied fertilizer, being watered, pesticide grown, management of cutting weeds, wherein applying fertilizer, watering and pesticide grown, be Height of seedling 5cm is gently poured combine watering, fertilizing, every mu of 0.5-1kg, 15 centimetres of height of seedling after a water, 10cm after control to water.
2. the planting density according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterised in that step 3), is every mu of plantation pomegranate tree 70-110 plants, the line space is 3m;Along wide 1m on the back taper kind planting ditch, ditch, deep 0.6m-0.8m;The plant pit, it is wide 50cm, long 50cm, depth 60cm.
3. according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterised in that step 4) it is described according to thickness of soil in ridge Bei Huogou sides kind Pomegranate tree and wild leek are planted, is when thickness of soil is less than 0.6m, ridge back plantation pomegranate tree, the wild fragrant-flowered garlic of ridge Bei Jigou sides plantation Dish, when thickness of soil is not less than 0.6m, wild leek is planted in ridge Bei Jigou sides, and pomegranate tree is planted in kind of planting ditch;Described time Fill out mellow soil, deep 10-20cm.
4. the plastic film according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterised in that step 4), diameter 0.6m-0.8m, face Product is more than plant pit 10-20cm;The wild leek, every mu of sowing quantity 1-2kg, the earthing, gross thickness 2cm.
5. the fixed dry, setting according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterised in that step 5), using plexi Natural Tree Shape, heading height is 30-50 centimetres, sends 4-6 major branch, is grown naturally after 2-3, and the support of major branch angle is pulled into 55-60 degree.
6. the autumn is applied fertilizer according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterised in that step 5), it is every plant and applies barnyard manure 100-200 kilograms, 1-2 kilograms of cake fertilizer;Described to impose urea, the raw trees of 1-2, each every plant of 50-100 grams of consumption, 3-4 is raw Tree, each every plant of 200-250 grams of consumption.
7. the fertilising according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterised in that step 6), is to combine to water to apply the muck that becomes thoroughly decomposed Or impose urea 2-3 times.
8. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that concretely comprise the following steps:
1) the natural rain road of mountain area hills terraced fields is improved using the mode reinforced intensification, lane change and road, shunted, in the corner of terraced fields Area builds water cellar and rainwater sedimentation basin is set in front of rainwater, water cellar to collect, and the side rear of water cellar sets effluent pipe mouth;
2) mountain area Hilly arid land terraced fields are reconstructed into waviness farmland, in favor of rainwater-collecting, water conservancy diversion and retaining;
3) according to every mu of 70-110 plants of pomegranate tree of plantation of planting density, line space 3m digs width 1m, depth 0.6m-0.8m back taper Planting ditch is planted, width 50cm, long 50cm, depth 60cm plant pit is then excavated;
4) pomegranate tree and wild leek are planted in ridge Bei Huogou sides according to thickness of soil, when thickness of soil is less than 0.6m, in the ridge back of the body Wild leek is planted in upper plantation pomegranate tree, ridge Bei Jigou sides, when thickness of soil is not less than 0.6m, wild leek be planted in the ridge back of the body and Ditch side, pomegranate tree is planted in kind of planting ditch;The plantation pomegranate tree, be before year after site preparation, the ground temperature at the beginning of 4 months rise to 10 DEG C with Soil in cave is translated into ground before plantation with plantation pomegranate tree with lifting when upper, progress, which is ploughed deeply, expands cave, be mixed into organic fertilizer, and One layer of diameter 0.6m-0.8m plastic film is laid on the hard stratum of cave bottom, ground membrane area is more than plant pit 10-20cm, backfills mellow soil Deep 10-20cm, then composite fertilizer is applied, deep cave shallow embedding, dark hydroponics are treaded covering second layer plastic film on rear plant pit, are beneficial to Temperature raising soil moisture conservation promotes lateral root growth;The wild leek of the plantation, is to broadcast method using wet after late June to late July, presoaking and germinating Broadcasted sowing in seedling furrow, in two times earthing, one layer of thin soil is covered for the first time, second of earthing again after getting damp, earthing gross thickness 2cm, often Mu sowing quantity 1-2kg, and the broken grass of lid last layer or dead leaf are with moisturizing;
5) pomegranate tree after plant is carried out pinching, do, shape, apply fertilizer, water, trim calmly, sparse branching management, wherein applying fertilizer and pouring Water, is to be applied fertilizer in autumn, and every plant is applied 100-200 kilograms of barnyard manure, 1-2 kilograms of cake fertilizer, 6, August part respectively impose urea once, 1-2 Nian Shengshu, each every plant of 50-100 grams of consumption, the raw trees of 3-4, each every plant of 200-250 grams of consumption, according to rainfall feelings after topdressing Condition is watered;The fixed dry, setting, naturally tree-like using plexi, heading height is 30-50 centimetres, sends 4-6 major branch, Naturally after growth 2-3, the support of major branch angle is pulled to 55-60 degree;
6) wild leek loosened the soil, applied fertilizer, being watered, pesticide grown, management of cutting weeds, wherein applying fertilizer, watering and pesticide grown, be Height of seedling 5cm becomes thoroughly decomposed muck or imposes urea 2-3 times after gently pouring a water, 10cm with reference to watering to apply, and applies crystal enemy with water punching Control to water after hundred worms, every mu of 0.5-1kg, 15 centimetres of height of seedling.
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