CN106993453A - A kind of kiwi fruit tree high yield cultivating method - Google Patents

A kind of kiwi fruit tree high yield cultivating method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106993453A
CN106993453A CN201610050171.4A CN201610050171A CN106993453A CN 106993453 A CN106993453 A CN 106993453A CN 201610050171 A CN201610050171 A CN 201610050171A CN 106993453 A CN106993453 A CN 106993453A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
kilograms
fruit tree
soil
fruit
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Pending
Application number
CN201610050171.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张良胜
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Zongyang Tongbanzhou Chinese Medicinal Herb Growing Specialized Cooperative
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Zongyang Tongbanzhou Chinese Medicinal Herb Growing Specialized Cooperative
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Application filed by Zongyang Tongbanzhou Chinese Medicinal Herb Growing Specialized Cooperative filed Critical Zongyang Tongbanzhou Chinese Medicinal Herb Growing Specialized Cooperative
Priority to CN201610050171.4A priority Critical patent/CN106993453A/en
Publication of CN106993453A publication Critical patent/CN106993453A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of kiwi fruit tree high yield cultivating method, belong to the cultivation of fruit tree, comprise the following steps:Soil property selection, sapling field planting, fertilizer management, fixed dry, shaping, beta pruning, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, suitable for various Kiwi berry cultivations of fruit tree, the cultural method produced there is provided the kiwi fruit height of tree, to meet huge market demand, technical support is provided for the physical fitness of the mankind, while winning economic benefit for orchard worker.The popularization and application of Kiwi berry fruit tree cultural method technical scheme, serve expansion kiwi fruit tree planting area, conserve water and soil, decorate rivers and mountains, the effect of environmental protection.

Description

A kind of kiwi fruit tree high yield cultivating method
Technical field:
The present invention is a kind of kiwi fruit tree high yield cultivating method, belongs to the cultivation of fruit tree.
Background technology:
Kiwi berry, also referred to as fox peach, Chinese gooseberry, carambola, wooden son, Mao Muguo, Chinese grooseberry, numb rattan fruit etc., fruit shape is generally ellipticity, Outward appearance is in green and brown color, and epidermis covers dense fine hair, inedible, and it is in the pulp of bright green and the seed of row's black to be in it. Because of macaque eating, therefore named Kiwi berry;Also have saying be because pericarp cover hair, seemingly macaque and gain the name, be that a kind of quality is fresh and tender, battalion Support abundant, the delicious fruit of local flavor.The soft texture of Kiwi berry, sweet mouthfeel.Taste is described as strawberry, banana, pineapple three The mixing of person.Kiwi berry is removed containing the organic matter such as actinidine, proteolytic enzyme, tannin pectin and carbohydrate, and calcium, potassium, selenium, Zinc, germanium etc. trace element and 17 kinds of amino acid of needed by human body outside, also containing abundant vitamin C, grape acid, fructose, citric acid, Malic acid, fat.
The invention provides the cultural method of kiwi fruit height of tree production, it is adaptable to various Kiwi berry cultivations of fruit tree, to meet Huge market demand.
The content of the invention:
The present invention seeks to supplement prior art, and provide a kind of kiwi fruit tree high yield cultivating method.
To achieve these goals, technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of kiwi fruit tree high yield cultivating method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:(A)Soil property is selected:Select soil layer deep The local building well that thickness, fertile soil, quality are loose, draining is good and have a good transport service, soil pH is between 6-8;(B)Planting pit is accurate It is standby:Field is ploughed deeply 60-80 centimetres in autumn last year, 5 × 4 meters of determination seeding row spacings, planting pit digs deep 60-80 centimetres, wide 80- 100 centimetres of field planting ditch or planting pit, per cave backfill table it is native when, uniform mixing applies 50-100 kilograms of farm manure, phosphorus, potassium, Each 0.5 kilogram of the chemical fertilizer such as magnesium, or add 1.5 kilograms of oil cakes, build up be above the ground level 20-30 centimetres ridge or steamed bun shape mound: (C)Fertilising:One is base manure, after late October-late November picking fruit, digs deep 35 centimetres around tree disk immediately, wide by 30 Centimetre annular groove or along plant row to trench digging, apply the organic fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed and add oil cake, phosphate fertilizer, earth backing of then pouring water.Mu Apply 1500-3000 kilograms of slag fertilizer, 150-200 kilograms of oil cake, 100-150 kilograms of phosphate fertilizer.Two are topdressed before rudiment, late Febuary -3 In the first tenday period of a month moon, the quick action fertilizer based on nitrogenous fertilizer is imposed, and combination is poured water, mu applies 6-10 kilograms of urea.Three be that fruit expanding period is applied Fertilizer, thanks to colored one week after(Late May-mid-June), every plant is applied 100-150 grams of compound fertilizer, 6-10 kilograms of people and animals' liquid dung.Four are The fruit growth later stage applies fertilizer, late July-early August, applies quick-acting phosphorus, the fertilizer based on potassium, to control the administration of nitrogenous fertilizer, with Exempt from branch slightly excessive growth, every plant is applied 200-250 grams of phosphorus, potash fertilizer.Five be foliage top dressing, in full-bloom stage and setting phase, with 0.3% phosphoric acid Potassium dihydrogen or 0.2% urea solution carry out foliage top dressing.(D)Pruning:Shaping is freely fanned with the horizontal shaping of hedge frame, few main stem Based on shape, " T " font pony set etc. are tree-like, are delayed with light pruning based on putting, strengthen the trimming in growth period, delayed gesture and promote flower result.Trimming Including summer pruning and winter pruning.(E)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
The invention provides the cultural method of kiwi fruit height of tree production, it is adaptable to various Kiwi berry cultivations of fruit tree, huge to meet The market demand.
Embodiment:
In order that the technical means, the inventive features, the objects and the advantages of the present invention are easy to understand, with reference to tool Body embodiment, is expanded on further the present invention.
Embodiment:
In the present embodiment, a kind of kiwi fruit tree high yield cultivating method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:(A)Soil property is selected: Soil layer is deep for selection, fertile soil, quality is loose, draining is good and the local building well that has a good transport service, and soil pH is between 6-8; (B)Planting pit prepares:Field is ploughed deeply 60-80 centimetres in autumn last year, 5 × 4 meters of determination seeding row spacings, planting pit digs depth 60-80 Centimetre, wide 80-100 centimetres of field planting ditch or planting pit, per cave when backfilling table soil, uniform mixing applies 50-100 kilograms of farmers' Fertilizer, each 0.5 kilogram of the chemical fertilizer such as phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, or add 1.5 kilograms of oil cakes, build up be above the ground level 20-30 centimetres ridge or steamed bun Capitiform mound:(C)Fertilising:One is base manure, after late October-late November picking fruit, digs deep 35 around tree disk immediately Centimetre, wide 30 centimetres of annular groove or along plant row to trench digging applies the organic fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed and adds oil cake, phosphate fertilizer, then fills Water earth backing.Mu applies 1500-3000 kilograms of slag fertilizer, 150-200 kilograms of oil cake, 100-150 kilograms of phosphate fertilizer.Two are topdressed before rudiment, 2 Month last ten-days period-early March, imposes the quick action fertilizer based on nitrogenous fertilizer, and combines and pour water, and mu applies 6-10 kilograms of urea.Three be fruit Expanding stage applies fertilizer, and thanks to colored one week after(Late May-mid-June), every plant is applied 100-150 grams of compound fertilizer, and people and animals' liquid dung 6-10 is public Jin.Four be the fertilising of fruit growth later stage, late July-early August, applies quick-acting phosphorus, the fertilizer based on potassium, to control nitrogenous fertilizer Using in order to avoid branch slightly excessive growth, every plant is applied 200-250 grams of phosphorus, potash fertilizer.Five be foliage top dressing, in full-bloom stage and setting phase, with 0.3% Potassium dihydrogen phosphate or 0.2% urea solution carry out foliage top dressing.(D)Pruning:Shaping is with the horizontal shaping of hedge frame, few main stem Based on free sector, " T " font pony set etc. are tree-like, delayed with light pruning based on putting, strengthen the trimming in growth period, slow gesture, which promotees to spend, to be tied Really.Trimming includes 1. summer pruning:One is except the apprentice for sprouting the sprout tillers sent on stock of erasing and trunk or the sprouting of main stem base portion Long shoot, in addition to prepared branch is given over to, remaining erases without exception;Two be pinching i.e. setting phase, the spring tip semi-lignified when, to excessive growth Fruitful branch pinching at the 10th leaf or last fruit above 7-8 piece leaf;Pinching at the 15th leaf of spring tip nutrition branch, such as sprouts Hair second branch can stay 3-4 piece leaf pinching;Three be that sparse branching removes overstocked, summer shoot that is long and influenceing fruit growth and same axil Between weak branch in two young sprouts sprouting;Four it is the curved branch i.e. treelet phase to the young sprout march of over growth, torsion, draws, control is on foot It is long, and keep flat branches and tendrils in early August, promote bud differentiation.2. winter pruning:One is that sparse branching i.e. main dredge goes growth not enrich The branch of excessive growth, overstocked branch, overlapping branch, intersect branch, sick branch, weak cripetura branch, the descendant without value and without renewal The fruitful branch of ability;Raw healthy and strong nutrition branch is the coming year good bearing basal shoot then on bearing basal shoot, special depending on growing way and kind Property stay 8-12 bud cutting back, weak branch stays bud less, and bud is stayed enriching shoot more, extremely prosperous branch can behind Section 15 position cutting back.Result 3 years or so Bearing basal shoot, can retract to bearing basal shoot base portion has vigorous branches, at strong bud, to be updated.Two be fruitful branch processing result The branch of excessive growth, the cutting back at 3-4 bud on setting fruit position, long, medium fruit branch can stay 2-3 bud cutting back, short fruit on setting fruit position Branch is not cut typically.3. 5-8 bud cutting back of reservation of innovation shoot is given over to.(E)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:One is that main diseases and insect pests spend corruption Disease, anthracnose, blight dis-ease, brown spot, fruit soft rot, phytophthora root rot, Root―rot disease and chafer, clearwing moth, bud maggot, suction fruit night Moth etc., mainly takes to strengthen management, and strengthens tree vigo(u)r, and the method for integrated control preventing and treating puted prevention first is strengthened in reinforced soil sterilization. Two, which be that Fruit sunburn disease is main, strengthens tree vigo(u)r management and rational pruning.During fruit development(Late August), using bagging method Sunscald can be prevented.
The invention provides the cultural method of kiwi fruit height of tree production, it is adaptable to various Kiwi berry cultivations of fruit tree, to meet Huge market demand.
The general principle and principal character and advantages of the present invention of the present invention has been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the simply explanation described in above-described embodiment and specification is originally The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and modifications of the present invention are possible, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of kiwi fruit tree high yield cultivating method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:(A)Soil property is selected:Select soil layer The local building well that deep, fertile soil, quality are loose, draining is good and have a good transport service, soil pH is between 6-8;(B)Planting pit Prepare:Field is ploughed deeply 60-80 centimetres in autumn last year, 5 × 4 meters of determination seeding row spacings, planting pit digging is deep 60-80 centimetres, wide 80-100 centimetres of field planting ditch or planting pit, per cave when backfilling table soil, uniform mix applies 50-100 kilograms of farm manure, phosphorus, Each 0.5 kilogram of the chemical fertilizer such as potassium, magnesium, or add 1.5 kilograms of oil cakes, build up be above the ground level 20-30 centimetres ridge or steamed bun shape soil Heap:(C)Fertilising:One is base manure, after late October-late November picking fruit, digs deep 35 centimetres around tree disk immediately, wide 30 centimetres of annular groove or the organic fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed along plant row to trench digging, application simultaneously add oil cake, phosphate fertilizer, earth backing of then pouring water; Mu applies 1500-3000 kilograms of slag fertilizer, 150-200 kilograms of oil cake, 100-150 kilograms of phosphate fertilizer;Two are topdressed before rudiment, late Febuary- Early March, imposes the quick action fertilizer based on nitrogenous fertilizer, and combination is poured water, and mu applies 6-10 kilograms of urea;Three be that fruit expanding period is applied Fertilizer, thanks to colored one week after(Late May-mid-June), every plant is applied 100-150 grams of compound fertilizer, 6-10 kilograms of people and animals' liquid dung;Four are The fruit growth later stage applies fertilizer, late July-early August, applies quick-acting phosphorus, the fertilizer based on potassium, to control the administration of nitrogenous fertilizer, with Exempt from branch slightly excessive growth, every plant is applied 200-250 grams of phosphorus, potash fertilizer;Five be foliage top dressing, in full-bloom stage and setting phase, with 0.3% phosphoric acid Potassium dihydrogen or 0.2% urea solution carry out foliage top dressing;(D)Pruning:Shaping is freely fanned with the horizontal shaping of hedge frame, few main stem Based on shape, " T " font pony set etc. are tree-like, are delayed with light pruning based on putting, strengthen the trimming in growth period, delayed gesture and promote flower result;Trimming Including summer pruning and winter pruning;(E)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control.
CN201610050171.4A 2016-01-26 2016-01-26 A kind of kiwi fruit tree high yield cultivating method Pending CN106993453A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107509436A (en) * 2017-09-27 2017-12-26 无为县雲桃家庭农场 The fertilising technique of one planting fruit-trees
CN107517811A (en) * 2017-10-23 2017-12-29 桐梓县佳隆种植专业合作社 A kind of Kiwi berry implantation methods
CN107691065A (en) * 2017-08-21 2018-02-16 合肥果成科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Kiwi berry
CN107853057A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-03-30 浙江里光农业开发有限公司 It is a kind of being capable of Ti Gao Rhesus monkey peach yield Rhesus monkey peach implantation methods
CN108617384A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-10-09 道真自治县嘉辉山地生态特色农业发展有限公司 A kind of Kiwi berry implantation methods
CN109832073A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-06-04 西华大学 A kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output
CN110214613A (en) * 2019-04-01 2019-09-10 四川战友兴农科技有限公司 A kind of red kiwi fruit is improved the soil cultivating superior high-yield method of applying fertilizer

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107691065A (en) * 2017-08-21 2018-02-16 合肥果成科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Kiwi berry
CN107509436A (en) * 2017-09-27 2017-12-26 无为县雲桃家庭农场 The fertilising technique of one planting fruit-trees
CN107517811A (en) * 2017-10-23 2017-12-29 桐梓县佳隆种植专业合作社 A kind of Kiwi berry implantation methods
CN107853057A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-03-30 浙江里光农业开发有限公司 It is a kind of being capable of Ti Gao Rhesus monkey peach yield Rhesus monkey peach implantation methods
CN108617384A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-10-09 道真自治县嘉辉山地生态特色农业发展有限公司 A kind of Kiwi berry implantation methods
CN109832073A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-06-04 西华大学 A kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output
CN110214613A (en) * 2019-04-01 2019-09-10 四川战友兴农科技有限公司 A kind of red kiwi fruit is improved the soil cultivating superior high-yield method of applying fertilizer

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Application publication date: 20170801