CN108551795A - A kind of greenhouse gardening method of wild leek - Google Patents

A kind of greenhouse gardening method of wild leek Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108551795A
CN108551795A CN201810092770.1A CN201810092770A CN108551795A CN 108551795 A CN108551795 A CN 108551795A CN 201810092770 A CN201810092770 A CN 201810092770A CN 108551795 A CN108551795 A CN 108551795A
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Prior art keywords
leek
wild
greenhouse
root
wild leek
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Inventor
陈晓辉
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Mount Holyoke Xinyuan Eco Agriculture Co Ltd
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Mount Holyoke Xinyuan Eco Agriculture Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810092770.1A priority Critical patent/CN108551795A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/35Bulbs; Alliums, e.g. onions or leeks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers

Abstract

The invention mainly relates to vegetables introduction of plant technical fields, disclose a kind of greenhouse gardening method of wild leek, including:Build canopy, leek processing, leek plantation, leek management, toad grass planting, common management;The yield and quality for significantly improving wild leek, makes the year per mu yield of wild leek reach 6439kg, and the year per mu yield of toad grass reaches 1127kg;Leaf and fibrous root are wiped out, promote the generation of newborn leaf and fibrous root, leaf and fibrous root after transplanting is avoided to cause the sprouting of Ye Hegen slow greenhouse-environment discomfort, high temperature, short time processing is carried out after plant division, kill remaining germ and worm's ovum on root, stimulation is generated to root cells, enhance adaptive capacity to environment and cell division capacity, it is immediately placed in promoting root growth liquid and is impregnated after high-temperature process, avoid the cell of fibrous root wound is rotten from rotting, enhance cell activity, accelerates the generation and growth of fibrous root, improve the rooting rate of wild leek.

Description

A kind of greenhouse gardening method of wild leek
Technical field
The invention mainly relates to vegetables introduction of plant technical field more particularly to a kind of greenhouse gardening sides of wild leek Method.
Background technology
Leek is one of China's Vegetables, and leaf, scape and Hua Jun are for vegetable consumption;Seed etc. can be used as medicine, and have kidney tonifying Refresh oneself, beneficial liver and strengthening stomach, hidroschesis astringent method, the health-care effect to relax bowel, wild leek also cries mountain fragrant-flowered garlic, rich in protein, mineral member Element and vitamin, but yield is less when wild leek grows naturally, and also seasonality is too strong, cannot meet the needs of people, It needs to carry out artificial propagation to wild leek, to increase the yield of wild leek, the traditional cultivation method of current wild leek is It will be cultivated after wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi plant division after spring site preparation, ground moistening, patent document CN kept after cultivation 105052652 A disclose Hilly arid land cultural method and the application of a kind of pomegranate tree and wild leek, are through pomegranate tree and open country Raw leek mixed planting can carry out wild leek artificial propagation in Hilly arid land, but still have stronger seasonality, Still it cannot meet consumer demand.
Invention content
In order to make up the defect of prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of greenhouse gardening methods of wild leek.
A kind of greenhouse gardening method of wild leek, includes the following steps:
(1)Build canopy:By 15 ~ 20cm of soil deep tillage, organic fertilizer is spread fertilizer over the fields, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 600 ~ 700kg/ mus, and soil is harrowed to thin, thing Greenhouse is built in direction, is sealed by fermentation 13 ~ 16 days, is killed remaining disease pest in soil, is reduced the disease pest incidence of wild leek, keep away Exempt from using and remaining for toxic chemical pesticide, improve the quality of wild leek, open greenhouse, divulges information 3 ~ 4 days, obtain greenhouse;
(2)Leek is handled:Wild leek with 3 ~ 4 tillers is wiped out into leaf and fibrous root, promotes the production of newborn leaf and fibrous root It is raw, it avoids leaf and fibrous root after transplanting from generating wilt phenomenon to greenhouse-environment discomfort, causes the sprouting of Ye Hegen slow, divided Strain, then be placed in 82 ~ 86 DEG C and stand 5 ~ 7 seconds, remaining germ and worm's ovum on root are killed, stimulation is generated to root cells, enhances environment Adaptability and cell division capacity are immediately placed in the promoting root growth liquid of 25 ~ 27 times of amounts of wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi weight after taking-up and impregnate 6 ~ 8 Hour, it avoids the cell of fibrous root wound is rotten from rotting, enhances cell activity, accelerate the generation and growth of fibrous root, improve wild The rooting rate of leek, draining obtain wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi;
(3)Leek is planted:By the plant of wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi in greenhouse, seeding row spacing is 16 ~ 18cm × 40 ~ 45cm, in soil after plant Plant ash is spread fertilizer over the fields on earth surface, and the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 10 ~ 12kg/ mus, by step(2)In remaining promoting root growth liquid be diluted to original volume 13 ~ It is uniformly sprayed after 15 times, is conducive to absorb, is capable of providing the sufficient nutrition needed for wild leek root growth, accelerate fibrous root life It is long, leek must be planted;
(4)Leek manages:Adjusting greenhouse temperature is 23 ~ 25 DEG C, ambient humidity is 86 ~ 88%, and the soil surface of plantation leek is made to contain Water quantity holding 11 ~ 12% is digged when the sprout of wild leek is grown to 4 ~ 6cm, and sprays chinaberry extracting solution, continuous to spray It spills 2 ~ 3 times, each interval time is 5 ~ 7 days, is capable of providing the nutritional ingredient of a large amount of small molecule, is conducive to absorb, while can Disease pest is killed, using and remaining for toxic pesticides is avoided, improves the yield and quality of wild leek, obtain wild leek;
(5)Toad grass planting:After wild leek for the first time harvest after, can fast-growth, by toad grass seedling transplant in leek row Between, the growth for influencing wild leek can be avoided, while the plantation of toad grass can inhibit the generation of bradysia odoriphaga and gray mold, leek The growth that can promote toad grass avoids the use of traditional chemical pesticide and hormone, keeps the yield of wild leek and toad grass same When be improved, spacing in the rows is 20 ~ 25cm, and it is careless must plant toad;
(6)Common management:Wild leek opens greenhouse both ends film after harvesting every time is divulged information 3 ~ 4 hours, and resistance is enhanced, then Spray the growth promoting agent solution of a concentration of 43 ~ 45mg/L of 1 inferior quality, it is 13 ~ 14% to keep soil moisture content, increase wild leek and Nutritional ingredient needed for the growth of toad grass, regrows after promoting harvesting, improves the yield of wild leek and toad grass, obtain greenhouse Leek and toad grass.
The step(1)Greenhouse, length be 10 ~ 12m, width be 3.6 ~ 4.0m, heights of roofs be 1.8 ~ 2.0m.
The step(2)Wipe out leaf and fibrous root, the length of selecting and remain of leaf is 1 ~ 2cm when wiping out, and fibrous root selects and remain length Degree is 2 ~ 3cm.
The step(2)Promoting root growth liquid, be made of the raw material of following parts by weight:Urea 41 ~ 43, calcium superphosphate 34 ~ 36, chlorine Change potassium 37 ~ 39, manganese sulfate 5.2 ~ 6.4, borax 4.3 ~ 4.8, sodium selenite 3.1 ~ 3.4, folic acid 0.6 ~ 0.8, taurine 0.6 ~ 0.8, when use, is now with the current, will all raw materials mix after plus water, fully dissolve, it is 103.2 ~ 105.1mg/L to make mass concentration.
The step(4)Chinaberry extracting solution, chinaberry is crushed to 80 ~ 100 mesh, be added chinaberry weight 130 ~ The water of 150 times of amounts, it is original 1/3 to decoct to volume, and filtering, the volume that 90 ~ 100 times of amounts of filter residue weight are added into filter residue is divided Number is 64 ~ 68% alcoholic solution, and in 31 ~ 33kHz ultrasounds 30 ~ 35 minutes, filtering removed alcohol after rotary evaporation, carried all It takes liquid to mix, obtains chinaberry extracting solution.
The step(6)Wild leek harvesting, can simultaneously toad grass up to specification is harvested, save manpower object Power.
The step(6)Growth promoter, be made of the raw material of following parts by weight:Urea 42 ~ 44, calcium superphosphate 35 ~ 37, chlorine Change potassium 46 ~ 48, magnesium sulfate 5.6 ~ 6.2, zinc sulfate 3.6 ~ 4.2, chlorophyll 0.4 ~ 0.7, brewer's yeast 3 ~ 5, it is existing with existing when use With.
The greenhouse leek and toad grass that the greenhouse gardening method of the wild leek obtains.
It is an advantage of the invention that:The greenhouse gardening method of wild leek provided by the invention, method are simple, hence it is evident that improve wild The yield and quality of raw wild leek, makes the year per mu yield of wild leek reach 6439kg, the year per mu yield of toad grass reaches 1127kg meets consumer demand;By soil deep tillage, it is sprinkled into organic fertilizer, is sealed by fermentation after building canopy, is killed residual in soil The disease pest stayed reduces the disease pest incidence of wild leek, avoids using and remaining for toxic chemical pesticide, improves wild leek Quality;The wild leek with multiple tillers is selected, leaf and fibrous root are wiped out, promotes the generation of newborn leaf and fibrous root, keeps away Exempt from leaf and fibrous root after transplanting and wilt phenomenon is generated to greenhouse-environment discomfort, causes the sprouting of Ye Hegen slow, carried out after plant division High temperature, short time processing, kills remaining germ and worm's ovum on root, generates stimulation to root cells, enhances adaptive capacity to environment and cell Splitting ability is immediately placed in promoting root growth liquid after high-temperature process and is impregnated, and avoids the cell of fibrous root wound is rotten from rotting, enhancing Cell activity accelerates the generation and growth of fibrous root, improves the rooting rate of wild leek;Will treated wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi plantation in In greenhouse, plant ash is spread fertilizer over the fields on surface, and sprays remaining promoting root growth liquid, is conducive to absorb, is capable of providing needed for wild leek root growth Sufficient nutrition, accelerate fibrous root growth;Greenhouse-environment is adjusted after wild leek plantation, accelerates the growth of root system and leaf, it is wild Leek seedling is loosened the soil when growing to 4 ~ 6cm, and sprays chinaberry extracting solution, is capable of providing the nutritional ingredient of a large amount of small molecule, Conducive to absorption, while disease pest can be killed, avoid using and remaining for toxic pesticides, improve the yield and quality of wild leek; Wild leek harvest for the first time after can fast-growth, toad grass seedling is planted in the ranks can avoid influencing the life of wild leek It is long, while the plantation of toad grass can inhibit the generation of bradysia odoriphaga and gray mold, leek that can promote the growth of toad grass, avoid passing The use of system chemical pesticide and hormone, makes the yield of wild leek and toad grass while being improved;Wild leek harvests every time It is harvested afterwards together with toad grass up to specification, uses manpower and material resources sparingly, greenhouse is divulged information after harvesting, enhance resistance, and spray Growth promoter is spilt, increases the nutritional ingredient needed for wild leek and the growth of toad grass, is regrowed after promoting harvesting, improve wild fragrant-flowered garlic The yield of dish and toad grass.
Specific implementation mode
Illustrate the present invention with specific embodiment below.
Embodiment 1
A kind of greenhouse gardening method of wild leek, includes the following steps:
(1)Build canopy:By 15 ~ 20cm of soil deep tillage, organic fertilizer is spread fertilizer over the fields, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 600kg/ mus, and soil is harrowed to thin, east-west direction Greenhouse is built, length is 10 ~ 12m, and width is 3.6 ~ 4.0m, and heights of roofs is 1.8 ~ 2.0m, is sealed by fermentation 13 days, kills in soil Remaining disease pest reduces the disease pest incidence of wild leek, avoids using and remaining for toxic chemical pesticide, improves wild leek Quality, open greenhouse, divulge information 3 ~ 4 days, obtain greenhouse;
(2)Leek is handled:Wild leek with 3 ~ 4 tillers is wiped out into leaf and fibrous root, the length of selecting and remain of leaf is 1 when wiping out The length of selecting and remain of ~ 2cm, fibrous root are 2 ~ 3cm, promote the generation of newborn leaf and fibrous root, avoid after transplanting leaf and fibrous root to big Canopy environment discomfort generates wilt phenomenon, causes the sprouting of Ye Hegen slow, carries out plant division, then is placed in 82 DEG C and stands 5 seconds, kills root Upper remaining germ and worm's ovum generate stimulation to root cells, enhance adaptive capacity to environment and cell division capacity, after taking-up immediately It is placed in the promoting root growth liquid of 25 times of amounts of wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi weight and impregnates 6 hours, avoid the cell of fibrous root wound is rotten from rotting, enhancing Cell activity accelerates the generation and growth of fibrous root, improves the rooting rate of wild leek, and draining obtains wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi;The rush Root liquid is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:Urea 41, calcium superphosphate 34, potassium chloride 37, manganese sulfate 5.2, borax 4.3, sub- selenium Sour sodium 3.1, folic acid 0.6, taurine 0.6, when use, are now with the current, will all raw materials mix after plus water, fully dissolve, make quality A concentration of 103.2mg/L;
(3)Leek is planted:By the plant of wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi in greenhouse, seeding row spacing is 16 ~ 18cm × 40 ~ 45cm, in soil after plant Plant ash is spread fertilizer over the fields on earth surface, and the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 10kg/ mus, by step(2)In after remaining promoting root growth liquid is diluted to 13 times of original volume It is uniformly sprayed, is conducive to absorb, is capable of providing the sufficient nutrition needed for wild leek root growth, accelerated fibrous root growth, must plant Plant leek;
(4)Leek manages:Adjust greenhouse temperature be 23 DEG C, ambient humidity 86%, so that the soil surface water content of plantation leek is protected 11 ~ 12% are held, when the sprout of wild leek is grown to 4 ~ 6cm, is digged, and spray chinaberry extracting solution, continuous sprinkling 2 times, Each interval time is 5 days, is capable of providing the nutritional ingredient of a large amount of small molecule, is conducive to absorb, while can kill disease pest, keep away Exempt from using and remaining for toxic pesticides, improve the yield and quality of wild leek, obtains wild leek;The chinaberry extraction Chinaberry is crushed to 80 mesh, the water of 130 times of amounts of chinaberry weight is added by liquid, and it is original 1/3 to decoct to volume, filtering, to The alcoholic solution that the volume fraction of 90 times of amounts of filter residue weight is 64% is added in filter residue, it is 30 minutes ultrasonic in 31kHz, it filters, rotation Alcohol is removed after evaporation, all extracting solutions are mixed, and obtains chinaberry extracting solution;
(5)Toad grass planting:After wild leek for the first time harvest after, can fast-growth, by toad grass seedling transplant in leek row Between, the growth for influencing wild leek can be avoided, while the plantation of toad grass can inhibit the generation of bradysia odoriphaga and gray mold, leek The growth that can promote toad grass avoids the use of traditional chemical pesticide and hormone, keeps the yield of wild leek and toad grass same When be improved, spacing in the rows is 20 ~ 25cm, and it is careless must plant toad;
(6)Common management:Wild leek opens greenhouse both ends film after harvesting every time is divulged information 3 ~ 4 hours, and resistance is enhanced, then The growth promoting agent solution of a concentration of 43mg/L of 1 inferior quality is sprayed, it is 13 ~ 14% to keep soil moisture content, increases wild leek and toad Nutritional ingredient needed for grass growth, regrows after promoting harvesting, improves the yield of wild leek and toad grass, obtain greenhouse leek With toad grass;The wild leek harvesting, can simultaneously harvest toad grass up to specification, use manpower and material resources sparingly;Institute The growth promoter stated is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:Urea 42, calcium superphosphate 35, potassium chloride 46, magnesium sulfate 5.6, zinc sulfate 3.6, chlorophyll 0.4, brewer's yeast 3, when use, are now with the current.
Embodiment 2
A kind of greenhouse gardening method of wild leek, includes the following steps:
(1)Build canopy:By 15 ~ 20cm of soil deep tillage, organic fertilizer is spread fertilizer over the fields, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 650kg/ mus, and soil is harrowed to thin, east-west direction Greenhouse is built, length is 10 ~ 12m, and width is 3.6 ~ 4.0m, and heights of roofs is 1.8 ~ 2.0m, is sealed by fermentation 15 days, kills in soil Remaining disease pest reduces the disease pest incidence of wild leek, avoids using and remaining for toxic chemical pesticide, improves wild leek Quality, open greenhouse, divulge information 3 ~ 4 days, obtain greenhouse;
(2)Leek is handled:Wild leek with 3 ~ 4 tillers is wiped out into leaf and fibrous root, the length of selecting and remain of leaf is 1 when wiping out The length of selecting and remain of ~ 2cm, fibrous root are 2 ~ 3cm, promote the generation of newborn leaf and fibrous root, avoid after transplanting leaf and fibrous root to big Canopy environment discomfort generates wilt phenomenon, causes the sprouting of Ye Hegen slow, carries out plant division, then is placed in 84 DEG C and stands 6 seconds, kills root Upper remaining germ and worm's ovum generate stimulation to root cells, enhance adaptive capacity to environment and cell division capacity, after taking-up immediately It is placed in the promoting root growth liquid of 26 times of amounts of wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi weight and impregnates 7 hours, avoid the cell of fibrous root wound is rotten from rotting, enhancing Cell activity accelerates the generation and growth of fibrous root, improves the rooting rate of wild leek, and draining obtains wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi;The rush Root liquid is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:Urea 42, calcium superphosphate 35, potassium chloride 38, manganese sulfate 5.7, borax 4.6, sub- selenium Sour sodium 3.3, folic acid 0.7, taurine 0.7, when use, are now with the current, will all raw materials mix after plus water, fully dissolve, make quality A concentration of 104.1mg/L;
(3)Leek is planted:By the plant of wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi in greenhouse, seeding row spacing is 16 ~ 18cm × 40 ~ 45cm, in soil after plant Plant ash is spread fertilizer over the fields on earth surface, and the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 11kg/ mus, by step(2)In after remaining promoting root growth liquid is diluted to 14 times of original volume It is uniformly sprayed, is conducive to absorb, is capable of providing the sufficient nutrition needed for wild leek root growth, accelerated fibrous root growth, must plant Plant leek;
(4)Leek manages:Adjust greenhouse temperature be 24 DEG C, ambient humidity 87%, so that the soil surface water content of plantation leek is protected 11 ~ 12% are held, when the sprout of wild leek is grown to 4 ~ 6cm, is digged, and spray chinaberry extracting solution, continuous sprinkling 3 times, Each interval time is 6 days, is capable of providing the nutritional ingredient of a large amount of small molecule, is conducive to absorb, while can kill disease pest, keep away Exempt from using and remaining for toxic pesticides, improve the yield and quality of wild leek, obtains wild leek;The chinaberry extraction Chinaberry is crushed to 90 mesh, the water of 140 times of amounts of chinaberry weight is added by liquid, and it is original 1/3 to decoct to volume, filtering, to The alcoholic solution that the volume fraction of 95 times of amounts of filter residue weight is 65% is added in filter residue, it is 33 minutes ultrasonic in 32kHz, it filters, rotation Alcohol is removed after evaporation, all extracting solutions are mixed, and obtains chinaberry extracting solution;
(5)Toad grass planting:After wild leek for the first time harvest after, can fast-growth, by toad grass seedling transplant in leek row Between, the growth for influencing wild leek can be avoided, while the plantation of toad grass can inhibit the generation of bradysia odoriphaga and gray mold, leek The growth that can promote toad grass avoids the use of traditional chemical pesticide and hormone, keeps the yield of wild leek and toad grass same When be improved, spacing in the rows is 20 ~ 25cm, and it is careless must plant toad;
(6)Common management:Wild leek opens greenhouse both ends film after harvesting every time is divulged information 3 ~ 4 hours, and resistance is enhanced, then The growth promoting agent solution of a concentration of 44mg/L of 1 inferior quality is sprayed, it is 13 ~ 14% to keep soil moisture content, increases wild leek and toad Nutritional ingredient needed for grass growth, regrows after promoting harvesting, improves the yield of wild leek and toad grass, obtain greenhouse leek With toad grass;The wild leek harvesting, can simultaneously harvest toad grass up to specification, use manpower and material resources sparingly;Institute The growth promoter stated is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:Urea 43, calcium superphosphate 36, potassium chloride 47, magnesium sulfate 5.9, zinc sulfate 3.8, chlorophyll 0.6, brewer's yeast 4, when use, are now with the current.
Embodiment 3
A kind of greenhouse gardening method of wild leek, includes the following steps:
(1)Build canopy:By 15 ~ 20cm of soil deep tillage, organic fertilizer is spread fertilizer over the fields, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 700kg/ mus, and soil is harrowed to thin, east-west direction Greenhouse is built, length is 10 ~ 12m, and width is 3.6 ~ 4.0m, and heights of roofs is 1.8 ~ 2.0m, is sealed by fermentation 16 days, kills in soil Remaining disease pest reduces the disease pest incidence of wild leek, avoids using and remaining for toxic chemical pesticide, improves wild leek Quality, open greenhouse, divulge information 3 ~ 4 days, obtain greenhouse;
(2)Leek is handled:Wild leek with 3 ~ 4 tillers is wiped out into leaf and fibrous root, the length of selecting and remain of leaf is 1 when wiping out The length of selecting and remain of ~ 2cm, fibrous root are 2 ~ 3cm, promote the generation of newborn leaf and fibrous root, avoid after transplanting leaf and fibrous root to big Canopy environment discomfort generates wilt phenomenon, causes the sprouting of Ye Hegen slow, carries out plant division, then is placed in 86 DEG C and stands 7 seconds, kills root Upper remaining germ and worm's ovum generate stimulation to root cells, enhance adaptive capacity to environment and cell division capacity, after taking-up immediately It is placed in the promoting root growth liquid of 27 times of amounts of wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi weight and impregnates 8 hours, avoid the cell of fibrous root wound is rotten from rotting, enhancing Cell activity accelerates the generation and growth of fibrous root, improves the rooting rate of wild leek, and draining obtains wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi;The rush Root liquid is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:Urea 43, calcium superphosphate 36, potassium chloride 39, manganese sulfate 6.4, borax 4.8, sub- selenium Sour sodium 3.4, folic acid 0.8, taurine 0.8, when use, are now with the current, will all raw materials mix after plus water, fully dissolve, make quality A concentration of 105.1mg/L;
(3)Leek is planted:By the plant of wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi in greenhouse, seeding row spacing is 16 ~ 18cm × 40 ~ 45cm, in soil after plant Plant ash is spread fertilizer over the fields on earth surface, and the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 12kg/ mus, by step(2)In after remaining promoting root growth liquid is diluted to 15 times of original volume It is uniformly sprayed, is conducive to absorb, is capable of providing the sufficient nutrition needed for wild leek root growth, accelerated fibrous root growth, must plant Plant leek;
(4)Leek manages:Adjust greenhouse temperature be 25 DEG C, ambient humidity 88%, so that the soil surface water content of plantation leek is protected 11 ~ 12% are held, when the sprout of wild leek is grown to 4 ~ 6cm, is digged, and spray chinaberry extracting solution, continuous sprinkling 3 times, Each interval time is 7 days, is capable of providing the nutritional ingredient of a large amount of small molecule, is conducive to absorb, while can kill disease pest, keep away Exempt from using and remaining for toxic pesticides, improve the yield and quality of wild leek, obtains wild leek;The chinaberry extraction Chinaberry is crushed to 100 mesh, the water of 150 times of amounts of chinaberry weight is added by liquid, and it is original 1/3 to decoct to volume, filtering, The alcoholic solution that the volume fraction of 100 times of amounts of filter residue weight is 68% is added into filter residue, it is 35 minutes ultrasonic in 33kHz, it filters, Alcohol is removed after rotary evaporation, all extracting solutions are mixed, and obtains chinaberry extracting solution;
(5)Toad grass planting:After wild leek for the first time harvest after, can fast-growth, by toad grass seedling transplant in leek row Between, the growth for influencing wild leek can be avoided, while the plantation of toad grass can inhibit the generation of bradysia odoriphaga and gray mold, leek The growth that can promote toad grass avoids the use of traditional chemical pesticide and hormone, keeps the yield of wild leek and toad grass same When be improved, spacing in the rows is 20 ~ 25cm, and it is careless must plant toad;
(6)Common management:Wild leek opens greenhouse both ends film after harvesting every time is divulged information 3 ~ 4 hours, and resistance is enhanced, then The growth promoting agent solution of a concentration of 45mg/L of 1 inferior quality is sprayed, it is 13 ~ 14% to keep soil moisture content, increases wild leek and toad Nutritional ingredient needed for grass growth, regrows after promoting harvesting, improves the yield of wild leek and toad grass, obtain greenhouse leek With toad grass;The wild leek harvesting, can simultaneously harvest toad grass up to specification, use manpower and material resources sparingly;Institute The growth promoter stated is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:Urea 44, calcium superphosphate 37, potassium chloride 48, magnesium sulfate 6.2, zinc sulfate 4.2, chlorophyll 0.7, brewer's yeast 5, when use, are now with the current.
Comparative example 1
Removal step(1)In sealing and fermenting, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 2
Removal step(2)In wipe out leaf and fibrous root, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 3
Removal step(2)In 82 DEG C stand 5 seconds, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 4
Removal step(2)In promoting root growth liquid, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 5
Removal step(2)In promoting root growth liquid in folic acid, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 6
Removal step(2)In promoting root growth liquid in taurine, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 7
Removal step(3)In plant ash, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 8
Removal step(4)In chinaberry extracting solution, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 9
Removal step(5)In toad grass planting, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 10
Step(5)In the harvesting for the first time of wild leek be changed to the plantation of wild leek, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 11
Removal step(6)In ventilation, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 12
Removal step(6)In growth promoting agent solution, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 13
105052652 A of patent document CN disclose Hilly arid land cultural method and the application of a kind of pomegranate tree and wild leek.
The planting effect of the wild leek implantation methods of embodiment and comparative example:
In Anhui Province Zongyang County, 16 mu of soil is selected in the same area, is randomly divided into 16 groups, every group 1 mu, each group is respectively with the group Method carry out the plantation of wild leek, every group of wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi is 1000, and the tested time is 1 year, counts wild leek life The year per mu yield of root rate, year per mu yield and toad grass, results are averaged, the wild leek implantation methods of embodiment and comparative example Planting effect is shown in Table 1.
Table 1:The planting effect of the wild leek implantation methods of embodiment and comparative example
Project Rooting rate/(%) Wild leek year per mu yield/(kg) Toad grass year per mu yield/(kg)
Embodiment 1 96.2 6439 1112
Embodiment 2 97.6 6431 1127
Embodiment 3 96.9 6426 1123
Comparative example 1 88.4 5894 1095
Comparative example 2 84.7 5635 1107
Comparative example 3 89.5 5703 1082
Comparative example 4 80.2 5172 1115
Comparative example 5 83.4 5307 1048
Comparative example 6 82.1 5215 1067
Comparative example 7 85.6 5473 1009
Comparative example 8 94.2 5811 1105
Comparative example 9 95.7 5606
Comparative example 10 96.1 5543 864
Comparative example 11 95.4 5608 937
Comparative example 12 95.9 5527 845
Comparative example 13 85.7 4175
Note:"-" indicate without.
From table 1 the result shows that, the greenhouse gardening method of the wild leek of embodiment, wild leek rooting rate, year per mu yield The year per mu yield figureofmerit of amount and toad grass is significantly better than that comparative example, illustrates the greenhouse gardening side of wild leek provided by the invention Method has good planting effect.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of greenhouse gardening method of wild leek, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
(1)Build canopy:By 15 ~ 20cm of soil deep tillage, organic fertilizer is spread fertilizer over the fields, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 600 ~ 700kg/ mus, and soil is harrowed to thin, thing Greenhouse is built in direction, is sealed by fermentation 13 ~ 16 days, and greenhouse is opened, and is divulged information 3 ~ 4 days, is obtained greenhouse;
(2)Leek is handled:Wild leek with 3 ~ 4 tillers is wiped out into leaf and fibrous root, carries out plant division, then be placed in 82 ~ 86 DEG C 5 ~ 7 seconds are stood, is immediately placed in the promoting root growth liquid of 25 ~ 27 times of amounts of wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi weight and impregnates 6 ~ 8 hours after taking-up, draining obtains Wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi;
(3)Leek is planted:By the plant of wild Radix Folium Allii tuberosi in greenhouse, seeding row spacing is 16 ~ 18cm × 40 ~ 45cm, in soil after plant Plant ash is spread fertilizer over the fields on earth surface, and the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 10 ~ 12kg/ mus, by step(2)In remaining promoting root growth liquid be diluted to original volume 13 ~ It is uniformly sprayed after 15 times, leek must be planted;
(4)Leek manages:Adjusting greenhouse temperature is 23 ~ 25 DEG C, ambient humidity is 86 ~ 88%, and the soil surface of plantation leek is made to contain Water quantity holding 11 ~ 12% is digged when the sprout of wild leek is grown to 4 ~ 6cm, and sprays chinaberry extracting solution, continuous to spray It spills 2 ~ 3 times, each interval time is 5 ~ 7 days, obtains wild leek;
(5)Toad grass planting:After wild leek for the first time harvest after, by toad grass seedling transplant in leek in the ranks, spacing in the rows be 20 ~ 25cm must plant toad grass;
(6)Common management:Wild leek opens greenhouse both ends film after harvesting every time is divulged information 3 ~ 4 hours, then sprays 1 inferior quality The growth promoting agent solution of a concentration of 43 ~ 45mg/L, it is 13 ~ 14% to keep soil moisture content, obtains greenhouse leek and toad grass.
2. the greenhouse gardening method of wild leek according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step(1)Greenhouse, it is long Degree is 10 ~ 12m, and width is 3.6 ~ 4.0m, and heights of roofs is 1.8 ~ 2.0m.
3. the greenhouse gardening method of wild leek according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step(2)Wipe out leaf Son and fibrous root, the length of selecting and remain of leaf is 1 ~ 2cm when wiping out, and the length of selecting and remain of fibrous root is 2 ~ 3cm.
4. the greenhouse gardening method of wild leek according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step(2)Promoting root growth liquid, It is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:Urea 41 ~ 43, calcium superphosphate 34 ~ 36, potassium chloride 37 ~ 39, manganese sulfate 5.2 ~ 6.4, borax 4.3 ~ 4.8, sodium selenite 3.1 ~ 3.4, folic acid 0.6 ~ 0.8, taurine 0.6 ~ 0.8, when use, are now with the current, and all raw materials are mixed After conjunction plus water, fully dissolving make mass concentration for 103.2 ~ 105.1mg/L.
5. the greenhouse gardening method of wild leek according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step(4)Chinaberry Chinaberry is crushed to 80 ~ 100 mesh, the water of 130 ~ 150 times of amounts of chinaberry weight is added by extracting solution, and it is original to decoct to volume 1/3, the alcoholic solution that the volume fractions of 90 ~ 100 times of amounts of filter residue weight are 64 ~ 68% is added into filter residue for filtering, in 31 ~ 33kHz ultrasounds 30 ~ 35 minutes filter, and remove alcohol after rotary evaporation, all extracting solutions are mixed, chinaberry extracting solution is obtained.
6. the greenhouse gardening method of wild leek according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step(6)Wild fragrant-flowered garlic Dish harvests, and can be harvested simultaneously to toad grass up to specification.
7. the greenhouse gardening method of wild leek according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step(6)Growth promoter, It is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:Urea 42 ~ 44, calcium superphosphate 35 ~ 37, potassium chloride 46 ~ 48, magnesium sulfate 5.6 ~ 6.2, sulfuric acid Zinc 3.6 ~ 4.2, chlorophyll 0.4 ~ 0.7, brewer's yeast 3 ~ 5, when use, are now with the current.
8. greenhouse leek and toad grass that a kind of greenhouse gardening method of any one of claim 1 ~ 7 wild leek obtains.
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