CN104584972A - Cultivation technique for vitamin C selenium-rich kiwi fruit - Google Patents

Cultivation technique for vitamin C selenium-rich kiwi fruit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104584972A
CN104584972A CN201510025168.2A CN201510025168A CN104584972A CN 104584972 A CN104584972 A CN 104584972A CN 201510025168 A CN201510025168 A CN 201510025168A CN 104584972 A CN104584972 A CN 104584972A
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fruit
branch
fertilizer
tree
planting
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CN104584972B (en
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张端瑛
赵小林
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Mayang Fengyuan Ecological Fruit Industry Co., Ltd.
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张端瑛
赵小林
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention relates to a cultivation technique for vitamin C selenium-rich kiwi fruit. The cultivation technique comprises but is not limited to the following technical steps: establishing a garden, culturing seedlings, planting, erecting shelfs, reasonably pruning, performing balanced fertilization, controlling crowns, managing flowers and fruits, performing pest control, and the like. The cultivation technique for vitamin C selenium-rich kiwi fruit has the beneficial effects that the capacity of resisting disease of plants is enhanced, the premature senility is prevented, the uniform growing of fruits is boosted, the happening of malformed fruit is reduced, the color and luster of the fruit appearance are benefited, the yield is increased, the accumulation of fruit sugar is increased, the quality of the fruits is improved, the selenium content can reach 300-350 micrograms per kilogram of fruits, and organic fertilizer is adopted so that the green healthy fruits is acquired.

Description

A kind of Vc selenium rich kiwi fruit culture technique
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of plant growing technology, more specifically, relate to a kind of Vc selenium rich kiwi fruit culture technique.
Background technology
Kiwi fruit originates in China, because of the abundant and fashionable especially countries in the world of content ascorbic in its fresh fruit, becomes a kind of emerging fruit tree.In kiwifruit fruit except the content of vitamin higher than apple, sweet orange several times to except tens times, also containing citrin (i.e. Lu Ding) and protease, reducing blood pressure and digestive effect, is a kind of health-care nutritional food.In medical value, according to modern medicine clinical testing, its fresh fruit and fruit juice all have certain prevention effect and auxiliary curative effect to diseases such as leprosy, alimentary tract cancer, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases.At present, though the artificial cultivation technique of kiwi fruit has obtained certain achievement, but still there are some drawbacks.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve prior art remain drawback, the present invention proposes a kind of Vc selenium rich kiwi fruit culture technique.
A kind of Vc selenium rich kiwi fruit culture technique, comprises following major technique step:
1) build garden: the hillside should selecting 500 ~ 600 meters above sea level, the gradient less than 25 degree, the sandy loam of soil cultivation layer depth or yellow soil, garden is built in the place of traffic convenience,
1.1) before planting, dig length and width, be deeply respectively 100 centimetres of field planting ditches;
1.2) drain ditch, limit, slope is held successfully;
1.3) each field planting ditch fertilizer 5 kilograms, accomplishes fluently heap and erects tree dish and slightly swell, mu fertilizer 250 kilograms.
2) nursery:
2.1) mix with kiwi fruit seed wet husky at 38 DEG C, allowed seed germination through 31 days;
2.2) when seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally, with Vc rich selenium immersion bubble seed after 5 minutes, then carrying out normal temperature germination, laying the first stone for producing Vc selenium rich kiwi fruit, make macaque selenium content reach every 350 micrograms/kilogram;
2.3) when seed sprouting reaches 85 percent, carry out sowing conventional seedbed system, during seedling management, note preventing disease pest control, pinching strong sprout, transplant after 1 year.
3) field planting: should in late October or early November field planting, every mu plant the strain of macaque seedling 100 about, seeding row spacing 3m × 3m,
3.1), when planting seedling, the pinching of nursery stock major branch is cut off, and wipes out sick branch, hinder root etc.;
3.2) put it into field planting ditch again, allow root system naturally unfold, every strain is sprinkled into the anti-drought water-retaining agent of 10g;
3.3) backfill fine earth, drench sufficient normal root water.
4) support: after field planting, every mu with concrete column 100,300 jin, non-corrosive iron wire puts up kiwi fruit support by horizontal direction.
5) rationally pruning: cultivation generally should select 2 major branches " V " type tree crown, or adopt three major branch natural open centre shape tree crowns;
5.1) field planting then, cuts off surely do in trunk 30 cm eminence, selects one to two main seedling added by its growth, point verticillate growth of one to two major branch, and the strong tip does permanent major branch, and major branch spreading angle is 50 ~ 60 degree;
5.2) young sprout is when about 40 ~ 5Ocm is long, carries out pinching and inspires sublateral shoot;
5.3) sublateral shoot pinching again when 35 ~ 40cm, retains weeping branch bar, removes the upright branch of prosperous length, ensures annual bearing.
6) balance fertilizing:
6.1) the field planting tree childhood of 1 ~ 2 year, repeatedly will topdress and attack tip expansion tree crown, adopt the principle using sufficient base fertilizer and execute, mu fertilizer 300 jin,
(1) join and execute a small amount of instant nitrogenousfertilizer early stage, then joined the people and animals' fecaluria or methane liquid executing and become thoroughly decomposed, add superphosphate leachate in right amount;
(2) start to topdress the last week putting the tip, within every 15 ~ 20 days, impose 1 time, continuous 2 ~ 3 times;
(3) after August based on control shoot, multiplex phosphorus potash fertilizer, impels the aging and flower bud differentiation of branch to be formed;
(4) dell basal dressing is dug after 1O month, strain organic fertilizer 3 jin;
6.2) bearing tree, general point of 3 fertilising,
(1) rudiment is fertile, and generally use before unit's rudiment in the middle of the month, biological organic fertilizer 3 kg is executed in strain, digs annular groove and applies;
(2) fruit-promoting fertilizer, in young fruit fertilising in mid-term, now fruit expands rapidly, young sprout and root system start growth, need a large amount of nutrient, based on quick-acting phosphorus, potash fertilizer, liquid dung 5 kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed is executed in strain, add the centesimal green mixed liquor that protects carry out foliage-spray with the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 3 percent again, as more prosperous in tree vigo(u)r can Shaoshi;
(3) fruit picking is fertile, digs 1.5 ~ 2m, wide 35cm, dark 50cm dell in tree crown both sides, at fruit picking one week rear strain organic fertilizer 3 kilograms, to recover tree vigo(u)r, should increase and increase fertilizer application amount along with the tree crown amount of bearing fruit.
7) tree crown regulation and control and flower and fruit management:
7.1) tree crown regulation and control, the growth of kiwi fruit young sprout just meets rainy season, young sprout is vigorous especially, except carrying out pruning control shoot, also to be aided with controlling the treetops and hastening blossom, or pinching of pinching, effective control young sprout increases and promotes flower bud differentiation, become annual bearer should thank spend after young sprout 5cm long time, spray 1 centesimal green foliage fertilizer nutrient solution that protects and improves colored matter, spray 1 amino acids foliage fertilizer again at the florescence;
7.2) when young fruit soya bean is large, sprays 1 amino acids foliage fertilizer in conjunction with sterilization, insecticide, not only improve Fruit-setting rate, and fruit increases obvious especially;
7.3) reasonable fruit thinning, from inside outwards, first up and then down, first removing fruitlet, malformed fruit, sick wormed fruit, is secondly towards sky fruit, without the fruit on leaf fruit branch, the fruit that position of selecting and remain grows downwards with fruit branch both sides as well, on same fruit branch, fruit spacing is 4 ~ 5cm, long fruit branch stays fruit 3 ~ 4, and medium fruit branch stays fruit 2 ~ 3, and fruit spur, boundray branch stay fruit one or do not stay.
8) at young fruit period, select fine day afternoon, the rich selenium liquid of the Vc with 5% add 0.1% green protect to spray entirely set once, spray once by same procedure again after 25 days, actinidia tree is had to the resistance against diseases strengthening plant, prevent early ageing, promote that fruit growth is even, reduce the generation of malformed fruit, impel fruit appearance bright in color, improve output, increase the accumulation of fruit sugar, improve the quality of fruit, make Se content in fruit reach 300 ~ 350 micrograms/kilogram.
9) control of damage by disease and insect: the disease of harm kiwi fruit mainly contains anthracnose, canker etc., insect pest mainly contains aphid, longicorn, snout moth's larva etc., prevention and elimination of disease and pests is carried out and " is puted prevention first, integrated control " plant protection policy, strengthen the management of tree body, Shaoshi chemical fertilizer, many organic fertilizers, rational pruning, keep tree crown ventilation and penetrating light good, improve resistance, sensible load keeps tree body healthy and strong, take to wipe out sick branch, artificial capture method longicorn, remove dry branches and fallen leaves, turn over tree dish, ground improving straw mulching, the measures such as trunk whitewashing suppress or reduce the generation of damage by disease and insect, according to damage by disease and insect biological property, take with sugar-vinegar liquid, yellow plate, the method such as black light lamp and fly net insect-killing trapping, according to the feature of controlling object and harm, use biogenic pesticide and mineral sources agricultural chemicals,
9.1) to rudiment, respectively spray 13 ~ 5 Baume degrees lime sulfur after fallen leaves, kill various germ;
9.2) before yellow peach Post flowering to fallen leaves, prevent and treat anthracnose and can select large raw m6OO ~ 800 times liquid, prevent and treat canker and first can strike off colloid, control is sprayed afterwards with pythium oligandrum 500 times of liquid, the insect such as aphid, snout moth's larva biological control method, as: thiocyclam, yellow plate, solar insect-killing light etc., should grasp timely, careful, thoughtful during spray medicine, not leak tree, do not leak branch.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows and strengthen the disease-resistant ability of plant, prevent early ageing, promote that fruit growth is even, reduce the generation of malformed fruit, impel fruit appearance bright in color, improve output, increase the accumulation of fruit sugar, improve the quality of fruit, in fruit Se content reach 300 ~ 350 micrograms/kilogram, adopt fertilizer to obtain green health fruit.
Embodiment
Specific embodiment
A kind of Vc selenium rich kiwi fruit culture technique, comprises following major technique step:
1) build garden: the hillside should selecting 500 ~ 600 meters above sea level, the gradient less than 25 degree, the sandy loam of soil cultivation layer depth or yellow soil, garden is built in the place of traffic convenience,
1.1) before planting, dig length and width, be deeply respectively 100 centimetres of field planting ditches;
1.2) drain ditch, limit, slope is held successfully;
1.3) each field planting ditch fertilizer 5 kilograms, accomplishes fluently heap and erects tree dish and slightly swell, mu fertilizer 250 kilograms;
2) nursery:
2.1) mix with kiwi fruit seed wet husky at 38 DEG C, allowed seed germination through 31 days;
2.2) when seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally, with Vc rich selenium immersion bubble seed after 5 minutes, then carrying out normal temperature germination, laying the first stone for producing Vc selenium rich kiwi fruit, make macaque selenium content reach every 350 micrograms/kilogram;
2.3) when seed sprouting reaches 85 percent, carry out sowing conventional seedbed system, during seedling management, note preventing disease pest control, pinching strong sprout, transplant after 1 year;
3) field planting: should in late October or early November field planting, every mu plant the strain of macaque seedling 100 about, seeding row spacing 3m × 3m,
3.1), when planting seedling, the pinching of nursery stock major branch is cut off, and wipes out sick branch, hinder root etc.;
3.2) put it into field planting ditch again, allow root system naturally unfold, every strain is sprinkled into the anti-drought water-retaining agent of 10g;
3.3) backfill fine earth, drench sufficient normal root water;
4) support: after field planting, every mu with concrete column 100,300 jin, non-corrosive iron wire puts up kiwi fruit support by horizontal direction;
5) rationally pruning: cultivation generally should select 2 major branches " V " type tree crown, or adopt three major branch natural open centre shape tree crowns;
5.1) field planting then, cuts off surely do in trunk 30 cm eminence, selects one to two main seedling added by its growth, point verticillate growth of one to two major branch, and the strong tip does permanent major branch, and major branch spreading angle is 50 ~ 60 degree;
5.2) young sprout is when about 40 ~ 5Ocm is long, carries out pinching and inspires sublateral shoot;
5.3) sublateral shoot pinching again when 35 ~ 40cm, retains weeping branch bar, removes the upright branch of prosperous length, ensures annual bearing;
6) balance fertilizing:
6.1) the field planting tree childhood of 1 ~ 2 year, repeatedly will topdress and attack tip expansion tree crown, adopt the principle using sufficient base fertilizer and execute, mu fertilizer 300 jin,
(1) join and execute a small amount of instant nitrogenousfertilizer early stage, then joined the people and animals' fecaluria or methane liquid executing and become thoroughly decomposed, add superphosphate leachate in right amount;
(2) start to topdress the last week putting the tip, within every 15 ~ 20 days, impose 1 time, continuous 2 ~ 3 times;
(3) after August based on control shoot, multiplex phosphorus potash fertilizer, impels the aging and flower bud differentiation of branch to be formed;
(4) dell basal dressing is dug after 1O month, strain organic fertilizer 3 jin;
6.2) bearing tree, general point of 3 fertilising,
(1) rudiment is fertile, and generally use before unit's rudiment in the middle of the month, biological organic fertilizer 3 kg is executed in strain, digs annular groove and applies;
(2) fruit-promoting fertilizer, in young fruit fertilising in mid-term, now fruit expands rapidly, young sprout and root system start growth, need a large amount of nutrient, based on quick-acting phosphorus, potash fertilizer, liquid dung 5 kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed is executed in strain, add the centesimal green mixed liquor that protects carry out foliage-spray with the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 3 percent again, as more prosperous in tree vigo(u)r can Shaoshi;
(3) fruit picking is fertile, digs 1.5 ~ 2m, wide 35cm, dark 50cm dell in tree crown both sides, at fruit picking one week rear strain organic fertilizer 3 kilograms, to recover tree vigo(u)r, should increase and increase fertilizer application amount along with the tree crown amount of bearing fruit;
7) tree crown regulation and control and flower and fruit management:
7.1) tree crown regulation and control, the growth of kiwi fruit young sprout just meets rainy season, young sprout is vigorous especially, except carrying out pruning control shoot, also to be aided with controlling the treetops and hastening blossom, or pinching of pinching, effective control young sprout increases and promotes flower bud differentiation, become annual bearer should thank spend after young sprout 5cm long time, spray 1 centesimal green foliage fertilizer nutrient solution that protects and improves colored matter, spray 1 amino acids foliage fertilizer again at the florescence;
7.2) when young fruit soya bean is large, sprays 1 amino acids foliage fertilizer in conjunction with sterilization, insecticide, not only improve Fruit-setting rate, and fruit increases obvious especially;
7.3) reasonable fruit thinning, from inside outwards, first up and then down, first removing fruitlet, malformed fruit, sick wormed fruit, is secondly towards sky fruit, without the fruit on leaf fruit branch, the fruit that position of selecting and remain grows downwards with fruit branch both sides as well, on same fruit branch, fruit spacing is 4 ~ 5cm, long fruit branch stays fruit 3 ~ 4, and medium fruit branch stays fruit 2 ~ 3, and fruit spur, boundray branch stay fruit one or do not stay;
8) at young fruit period, select fine day afternoon, the rich selenium liquid of the Vc with 5% add 0.1% green protect to spray entirely set once, spray once by same procedure again after 25 days, actinidia tree is had to the resistance against diseases strengthening plant, prevent early ageing, promote that fruit growth is even, reduce the generation of malformed fruit, impel fruit appearance bright in color, improve output, increase the accumulation of fruit sugar, improve the quality of fruit, make Se content in fruit reach 300 ~ 350 micrograms/kilogram;
9) control of damage by disease and insect: the disease of harm kiwi fruit mainly contains anthracnose, canker etc., insect pest mainly contains aphid, longicorn, snout moth's larva etc., prevention and elimination of disease and pests is carried out and " is puted prevention first, integrated control " plant protection policy, strengthen the management of tree body, Shaoshi chemical fertilizer, many organic fertilizers, rational pruning, keep tree crown ventilation and penetrating light good, improve resistance, sensible load keeps tree body healthy and strong, take to wipe out sick branch, artificial capture method longicorn, remove dry branches and fallen leaves, turn over tree dish, ground improving straw mulching, the measures such as trunk whitewashing suppress or reduce the generation of damage by disease and insect, according to damage by disease and insect biological property, take with sugar-vinegar liquid, yellow plate, the method such as black light lamp and fly net insect-killing trapping, according to the feature of controlling object and harm, use biogenic pesticide and mineral sources agricultural chemicals,
9.1) to rudiment, respectively spray 13 ~ 5 Baume degrees lime sulfur after fallen leaves, kill various germ;
9.2) before yellow peach Post flowering to fallen leaves, prevent and treat anthracnose and can select large raw m6OO ~ 800 times liquid, prevent and treat canker and first can strike off colloid, control is sprayed afterwards with pythium oligandrum 500 times of liquid, the insect such as aphid, snout moth's larva biological control method, as: thiocyclam, yellow plate, solar insect-killing light etc., should grasp timely, careful, thoughtful during spray medicine, not leak tree, do not leak branch.

Claims (2)

1. a Vc selenium rich kiwi fruit culture technique, is characterized in that described technology comprises following major technique step:
1) garden is built:
1.1) before planting, dig length and width, be deeply respectively 100 centimetres of field planting ditches;
1.2) drain ditch, limit, slope is held successfully;
1.3) accomplish fluently heap to erect tree dish and slightly swell, mu fertilizer 250 kilograms;
2) nursery:
2.1) mix with kiwi fruit seed wet husky at 38 DEG C, allowed seed germination through 31 days;
2.2) when seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally, with Vc rich selenium immersion bubble seed after 5 minutes, then normal temperature germination is carried out;
2.3) when seed sprouting reaches 85%, carry out sowing conventional seedbed system, transplant after 1 year;
3) field planting:
3.1), when planting seedling, the pinching of nursery stock major branch is cut off, and wipes out sick branch, hinder root etc.;
3.2) put it into field planting ditch again, allow root system naturally unfold, every strain is sprinkled into the anti-drought water-retaining agent of 10g;
3.3) backfill fine earth, drench sufficient normal root water;
4) support: after field planting, puts up kiwi fruit support;
5) rationally pruning
5.1) field planting then, cuts off surely do in trunk 30 cm eminence, selects one to two main seedling added by its growth, point verticillate growth of one to two major branch, and the strong tip does permanent major branch, and major branch spreading angle is 50 ~ 60 degree;
5.2) young sprout is when about 40 ~ 5Ocm is long, carries out pinching and inspires sublateral shoot;
5.3) sublateral shoot pinching again when 35 ~ 40cm, retains weeping branch bar, removes the upright branch of prosperous length;
6) balance fertilizing:
6.1) the field planting tree childhood of 1 ~ 2 year, mu fertilizer 300 jin,
(1) join and execute a small amount of instant nitrogenousfertilizer early stage, then joined the people and animals' fecaluria or methane liquid executing and become thoroughly decomposed, add superphosphate leachate in right amount;
(2) start to topdress the last week putting the tip, within every 15 ~ 20 days, impose 1 time, continuous 2 ~ 3 times;
(3) after August based on control shoot, multiplex phosphorus potash fertilizer, impels the aging and flower bud differentiation of branch to be formed;
(4) dell basal dressing is dug after 1O month, strain organic fertilizer 3 jin;
6.2) bearing tree, general point of 3 fertilising,
(1) rudiment is fertile, and generally use before unit's rudiment in the middle of the month, biological organic fertilizer 3 kg is executed in strain, digs annular groove and applies;
(2) fruit-promoting fertilizer, in fertilising in young fruit mid-term, based on quick-acting phosphorus, potash fertilizer, liquid dung 5 kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed is executed in strain, then adds the centesimal green mixed liquor that protects carry out foliage-spray with the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 3 percent;
(3) fruit picking is fertile, digs 1.5 ~ 2m, wide 35cm, dark 50cm dell in tree crown both sides, at fruit picking one week rear strain organic fertilizer 3 kilograms, to recover tree vigo(u)r, should increase and increase fertilizer application amount along with the tree crown amount of bearing fruit;
7) tree crown regulation and control and flower and fruit management:
7.1) tree crown regulation and control, controlling the treetops and hastening blossom, or pinching of pinching, become annual bearer should thank spend after young sprout 5cm long time, spray 1 centesimal green foliage fertilizer nutrient solution that protects and improves colored matter, spray 1 amino acids foliage fertilizer again at the florescence;
7.2), when young fruit soya bean is large, 1 amino acids foliage fertilizer is sprayed in conjunction with sterilization, insecticide;
7.3) reasonable fruit thinning, from inside outwards, first up and then down, first removing fruitlet, malformed fruit, sick wormed fruit, is secondly towards sky fruit, without the fruit on leaf fruit branch, the fruit that position of selecting and remain grows downwards with fruit branch both sides as well, on same fruit branch, fruit spacing is 4 ~ 5cm, long fruit branch stays fruit 3 ~ 4, and medium fruit branch stays fruit 2 ~ 3, and fruit spur, boundray branch stay fruit one or do not stay;
8) at young fruit period, select fine day afternoon, the rich selenium liquid of the Vc with 5% add 0.1% green protect to spray entirely set once, spray once by same procedure again after 25 days;
9) control of damage by disease and insect:
9.1) to rudiment, respectively spray 13 ~ 5 Baume degrees lime sulfur after fallen leaves, kill various germ;
9.2), before yellow peach Post flowering to fallen leaves, prevent and treat anthracnose and can select large raw m6OO ~ 800 times liquid, prevent and treat canker and first can strike off colloid, rear pythium oligandrum 500 times of liquid spray control.
2. a Vc selenium rich kiwi fruit culture technique, is characterized in that described technology comprises following major technique step:
1) build garden: the hillside should selecting 500 ~ 600 meters above sea level, the gradient less than 25 degree, the sandy loam of soil cultivation layer depth or yellow soil, garden is built in the place of traffic convenience,
1.1) before planting, dig length and width, be deeply respectively 100 centimetres of field planting ditches;
1.2) drain ditch, limit, slope is held successfully;
1.3) each field planting ditch fertilizer 5 kilograms, accomplishes fluently heap and erects tree dish and slightly swell, mu fertilizer 250 kilograms;
2) nursery:
2.1) mix with kiwi fruit seed wet husky at 38 DEG C, allowed seed germination through 31 days;
2.2) when seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally, with Vc rich selenium immersion bubble seed after 5 minutes, then carrying out normal temperature germination, laying the first stone for producing Vc selenium rich kiwi fruit, make macaque selenium content reach every 350 micrograms/kilogram;
2.3) when seed sprouting reaches 85 percent, carry out sowing conventional seedbed system, during seedling management, note preventing disease pest control, pinching strong sprout, transplant after 1 year;
3) field planting: should in late October or early November field planting, every mu plant the strain of macaque seedling 100 about, seeding row spacing 3m × 3m,
3.1), when planting seedling, the pinching of nursery stock major branch is cut off, and wipes out sick branch, hinder root etc.;
3.2) put it into field planting ditch again, allow root system naturally unfold, every strain is sprinkled into the anti-drought water-retaining agent of 10g;
3.3) backfill fine earth, drench sufficient normal root water;
4) support: after field planting, every mu with concrete column 100,300 jin, non-corrosive iron wire puts up kiwi fruit support by horizontal direction;
5) rationally pruning: cultivation generally should select 2 major branches " V " type tree crown, or adopt three major branch natural open centre shape tree crowns;
5.1) field planting then, cuts off surely do in trunk 30 cm eminence, selects one to two main seedling added by its growth, point verticillate growth of one to two major branch, and the strong tip does permanent major branch, and major branch spreading angle is 50 ~ 60 degree;
5.2) young sprout is when about 40 ~ 5Ocm is long, carries out pinching and inspires sublateral shoot;
5.3) sublateral shoot pinching again when 35 ~ 40cm, retains weeping branch bar, removes the upright branch of prosperous length, ensures annual bearing;
6) balance fertilizing:
6.1) the field planting tree childhood of 1 ~ 2 year, repeatedly will topdress and attack tip expansion tree crown, adopt the principle using sufficient base fertilizer and execute, mu fertilizer 300 jin,
(1) join and execute a small amount of instant nitrogenousfertilizer early stage, then joined the people and animals' fecaluria or methane liquid executing and become thoroughly decomposed, add superphosphate leachate in right amount;
(2) start to topdress the last week putting the tip, within every 15 ~ 20 days, impose 1 time, continuous 2 ~ 3 times;
(3) after August based on control shoot, multiplex phosphorus potash fertilizer, impels the aging and flower bud differentiation of branch to be formed;
(4) dell basal dressing is dug after 1O month, strain organic fertilizer 3 jin;
6.2) bearing tree, general point of 3 fertilising,
(1) rudiment is fertile, and generally use before unit's rudiment in the middle of the month, biological organic fertilizer 3 kg is executed in strain, digs annular groove and applies;
(2) fruit-promoting fertilizer, in young fruit fertilising in mid-term, now fruit expands rapidly, young sprout and root system start growth, need a large amount of nutrient, based on quick-acting phosphorus, potash fertilizer, liquid dung 5 kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed is executed in strain, add the centesimal green mixed liquor that protects carry out foliage-spray with the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 3 percent again, as more prosperous in tree vigo(u)r can Shaoshi;
(3) fruit picking is fertile, digs 1.5 ~ 2m, wide 35cm, dark 50cm dell in tree crown both sides, at fruit picking one week rear strain organic fertilizer 3 kilograms, to recover tree vigo(u)r, should increase and increase fertilizer application amount along with the tree crown amount of bearing fruit;
7) tree crown regulation and control and flower and fruit management:
7.1) tree crown regulation and control, the growth of kiwi fruit young sprout just meets rainy season, young sprout is vigorous especially, except carrying out pruning control shoot, also to be aided with controlling the treetops and hastening blossom, or pinching of pinching, effective control young sprout increases and promotes flower bud differentiation, become annual bearer should thank spend after young sprout 5cm long time, spray 1 centesimal green foliage fertilizer nutrient solution that protects and improves colored matter, spray 1 amino acids foliage fertilizer again at the florescence;
7.2) when young fruit soya bean is large, sprays 1 amino acids foliage fertilizer in conjunction with sterilization, insecticide, not only improve Fruit-setting rate, and fruit increases obvious especially;
7.3) reasonable fruit thinning, from inside outwards, first up and then down, first removing fruitlet, malformed fruit, sick wormed fruit, is secondly towards sky fruit, without the fruit on leaf fruit branch, the fruit that position of selecting and remain grows downwards with fruit branch both sides as well, on same fruit branch, fruit spacing is 4 ~ 5cm, long fruit branch stays fruit 3 ~ 4, and medium fruit branch stays fruit 2 ~ 3, and fruit spur, boundray branch stay fruit one or do not stay;
8) at young fruit period, select fine day afternoon, the rich selenium liquid of the Vc with 5% add 0.1% green protect to spray entirely set once, spray once by same procedure again after 25 days, strengthen the ability that plant is disease-resistant, prevent early ageing, promote that fruit growth is even, reduce the generation of malformed fruit, impel fruit appearance bright in color, improve output, increase the accumulation of fruit sugar, improve the quality of fruit, make Se content in fruit reach 300 ~ 350 micrograms/kilogram;
9) control of damage by disease and insect: the disease of harm kiwi fruit mainly contains anthracnose, canker etc., insect pest mainly contains aphid, longicorn, snout moth's larva etc., prevention and elimination of disease and pests is carried out and " is puted prevention first, integrated control " plant protection policy, strengthen the management of tree body, Shaoshi chemical fertilizer, many organic fertilizers, rational pruning, keep tree crown ventilation and penetrating light good, improve resistance, sensible load keeps tree body healthy and strong, take to wipe out sick branch, artificial capture method longicorn, remove dry branches and fallen leaves, turn over tree dish, ground improving straw mulching, the measures such as trunk whitewashing suppress or reduce the generation of damage by disease and insect, according to damage by disease and insect biological property, take with sugar-vinegar liquid, yellow plate, the method such as black light lamp and fly net insect-killing trapping, according to the feature of controlling object and harm, use biogenic pesticide and mineral sources agricultural chemicals,
9.1) to rudiment, respectively spray 13 ~ 5 Baume degrees lime sulfur after fallen leaves, kill various germ;
9.2) before yellow peach Post flowering to fallen leaves, prevent and treat anthracnose and can select large raw m6OO ~ 800 times liquid, prevent and treat canker and first can strike off colloid, control is sprayed afterwards with pythium oligandrum 500 times of liquid, the insect such as aphid, snout moth's larva biological control method, as: thiocyclam, yellow plate, solar insect-killing light etc., should grasp timely, careful, thoughtful during spray medicine, not leak tree, do not leak branch.
CN201510025168.2A 2015-01-19 2015-01-19 Cultivation technique for vitamin C selenium-rich kiwi fruit Active CN104584972B (en)

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Cited By (21)

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CN104920123A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-09-23 范明忠 Prevention and treatment method for plum tree gummosis
CN105028095A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-11-11 吴伦忠 Comprehensive control method for cumquat root rot
CN105594547A (en) * 2016-03-18 2016-05-25 四川棚花农业开发有限公司 Fertilizing method for actinidia chinensis
CN105766527A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-07-20 无锡市田韵蔬果专业合作社 Method for planting jinxiu yellow peach
CN105830846A (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-08-10 无锡市田韵蔬果专业合作社 Planting method of Lijiang snow peaches
CN105900626A (en) * 2016-04-14 2016-08-31 四川省乐山市绿野农业科技有限公司 Dendrobe planting method
CN106083352A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-09 果爷(上海)农业科技股份有限公司 The environmental protection implantation methods of yellow peach
CN106105939A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 成都尚食农业科技有限公司 A kind of selenium rich kiwi fruit production method
CN106171904A (en) * 2016-08-16 2016-12-07 玉溪市农业科学院 A kind of Fructus actinidiae chinensis stock float seedling method
CN106688543A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-24 枞阳县横山生态农业有限公司 Method for planting high-quality kiwifruits
CN106962119A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-07-21 务川县金锋猕猴桃种植农民专业合作社 Shorten the implantation methods in Kiwi berry maturity period
CN107188625A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-09-22 李永权 A kind of production method of selenium rich kiwi fruit fruit
CN107509574A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-12-26 江苏苏林嘉和农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Kiwi berry seedling
CN107535250A (en) * 2017-09-11 2018-01-05 四川省自然资源科学研究院 One kind prevents bark beetle from causing the pathogenetic physical isolation method of actinidia tree ulcer
CN107567933A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-01-12 昭平县科学技术指导站 A kind of implantation methods of the tea tree containing selenium
CN107580949A (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-01-16 颍上庆丰农牧发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for the Kiwi berry that can effectively reduce disease
CN107667752A (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-02-09 颍上庆丰农牧发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of the strong Kiwi berry of nutritious resistance against diseases
CN108811996A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-11-16 安徽农业大学 A method of prevention and treatment Prospect on Kiwifruit Bacterial Canker
CN108976047A (en) * 2018-09-19 2018-12-11 贵州大学 A kind of Kiwi berry selenium-rich liquid bacterial manure and the preparation method and application thereof
CN109220441A (en) * 2017-07-11 2019-01-18 中方县杨氏果业黄桃专业合作社 A kind of green planting method of yellow peach
CN110235673A (en) * 2018-03-10 2019-09-17 重庆铺力农业股份合作社 A kind of implantation methods of Kiwi berry high yield

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104920123A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-09-23 范明忠 Prevention and treatment method for plum tree gummosis
CN105028095A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-11-11 吴伦忠 Comprehensive control method for cumquat root rot
CN105594547A (en) * 2016-03-18 2016-05-25 四川棚花农业开发有限公司 Fertilizing method for actinidia chinensis
CN105766527A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-07-20 无锡市田韵蔬果专业合作社 Method for planting jinxiu yellow peach
CN105830846A (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-08-10 无锡市田韵蔬果专业合作社 Planting method of Lijiang snow peaches
CN105900626A (en) * 2016-04-14 2016-08-31 四川省乐山市绿野农业科技有限公司 Dendrobe planting method
CN106083352A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-09 果爷(上海)农业科技股份有限公司 The environmental protection implantation methods of yellow peach
CN106105939A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 成都尚食农业科技有限公司 A kind of selenium rich kiwi fruit production method
CN106171904A (en) * 2016-08-16 2016-12-07 玉溪市农业科学院 A kind of Fructus actinidiae chinensis stock float seedling method
CN106688543A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-24 枞阳县横山生态农业有限公司 Method for planting high-quality kiwifruits
CN106962119A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-07-21 务川县金锋猕猴桃种植农民专业合作社 Shorten the implantation methods in Kiwi berry maturity period
CN107188625A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-09-22 李永权 A kind of production method of selenium rich kiwi fruit fruit
CN109220441A (en) * 2017-07-11 2019-01-18 中方县杨氏果业黄桃专业合作社 A kind of green planting method of yellow peach
CN107509574A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-12-26 江苏苏林嘉和农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Kiwi berry seedling
CN107535250A (en) * 2017-09-11 2018-01-05 四川省自然资源科学研究院 One kind prevents bark beetle from causing the pathogenetic physical isolation method of actinidia tree ulcer
CN107580949A (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-01-16 颍上庆丰农牧发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for the Kiwi berry that can effectively reduce disease
CN107667752A (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-02-09 颍上庆丰农牧发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of the strong Kiwi berry of nutritious resistance against diseases
CN107567933A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-01-12 昭平县科学技术指导站 A kind of implantation methods of the tea tree containing selenium
CN110235673A (en) * 2018-03-10 2019-09-17 重庆铺力农业股份合作社 A kind of implantation methods of Kiwi berry high yield
CN108811996A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-11-16 安徽农业大学 A method of prevention and treatment Prospect on Kiwifruit Bacterial Canker
CN108976047A (en) * 2018-09-19 2018-12-11 贵州大学 A kind of Kiwi berry selenium-rich liquid bacterial manure and the preparation method and application thereof

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