CN106688543A - Method for planting high-quality kiwifruits - Google Patents

Method for planting high-quality kiwifruits Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106688543A
CN106688543A CN201611076369.6A CN201611076369A CN106688543A CN 106688543 A CN106688543 A CN 106688543A CN 201611076369 A CN201611076369 A CN 201611076369A CN 106688543 A CN106688543 A CN 106688543A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
nutrient solution
diluted
kiwi berry
sprayed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611076369.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
左志华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hengshan Zongyang Ecological Agriculture Co Ltd
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Hengshan Zongyang Ecological Agriculture Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Hengshan Zongyang Ecological Agriculture Co Ltd filed Critical Hengshan Zongyang Ecological Agriculture Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611076369.6A priority Critical patent/CN106688543A/en
Publication of CN106688543A publication Critical patent/CN106688543A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers
    • C05G5/23Solutions

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of agricultural planting, and particularly relates to a method for planting high-quality kiwifruits. The method includes steps of preparing nutrient solution; managing seedlings; managing plants. Compared with the prior art, the method has the advantages that the nutrient solution prepared by means of fermentation can be applied to the kiwifruit plants in corresponding phases, accordingly, well developed root systems of the seedlings in growth phases can be enhanced and promoted, and the metabolism of the plants can be promoted; the nutrient absorbing capacity of the plants can be improved, the biochemical activity of soil can be improved, soil structures can be regulated, the antagonism among ions in the soil can be reduced, ecological balance can be reached, accordingly, the growth vigor of the kiwifruit plants can be improved, and the yield and nutrient components in the kiwifruits can be increased.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of high-quality Kiwi berry
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural plantation technology field, and in particular to a kind of implantation methods of high-quality Kiwi berry.
Background technology
Kiwi berry is a kind of liana fruit, and in China, cultivation history is long, and food therapy value is higher, containing abundant calcium, phosphorus, Iron, also containing carrotene and multivitamin, to keeping health to play an important role, simultaneously because Kiwi berry soft texture, Sweet mouthfeel, as one of maximum fruit of consumption figure in the world, Kiwi berry plantation happiness is loose ventilative, moistening, the content of organic matter Soil high, its main root is undeveloped, and lateral root distribution is shallow and wide, and fibrous root is flourishing, and root is fleshy root, and intolerant to ponding, blade is big, moisture Evaporation capacity is big, and drought resistance is poor, and existing Kiwifruit Culture mainly chooses suitable sandy loam, is digged pit around Teng's root and fills out fertilizer, dredges Remaining branch is cut, or height builds the technologies such as making ridge, the Kiwi berry yield and Kiwi berry nutritious needs of prior art plantation are further strengthened.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is directed to existing problem, there is provided a kind of implantation methods of high-quality Kiwi berry.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:A kind of implantation methods of high-quality Kiwi berry, including following step Suddenly:
(1)The preparation of nutrient solution:Based on fresh weight, by treacle mustard 8-12 parts, 4-7 parts of chrysanthemum leaf potentilla chinensis, 8-12 parts of field Asian puccoon, double green soya beans 18-22 parts, 4-7 parts of fennel fennel garlic, water 35-40 parts mixing after soak 6-8 hours;After the completion of be beaten, fine grinding, cross 150 mesh sieves, with purple Outside line sterilization 5-10 minutes, adds the compound probiotic equivalent to its weight 2-4%, and under the conditions of 55-60 DEG C, 28-32 is small for fermentation When, obtain final product;
(2)Seedling management:After strong bud grows 30cm to before being colonized, after nutrient solution is diluted into 10 times, every 2 days, by 15-20g/ Strain is sprayed;
(3)Plant manages:
In germination to fruit expanding period, after nutrient solution is diluted into 200 times, sprayed by 500 kgs/acre every 3 days;
In fruit expanding period to strong fruiting period, after nutrient solution is diluted into 200 times, sprayed by 400 kgs/acre daily.
Used as further improvement of these options, the ultraviolet irradiation dosage is 30000W/(s·cm²), it is sterilized Time is 15-20s.
Used as further improvement of these options, the compound probiotic is made up of the strain of following weight portion:Solution fat 12-16 parts, lactobacillus acidophilus 4-8 parts, Paenibacillus polymyxa 8-12 parts, bacillus azotobacter 3-7 parts of Ye Shi yeast.
The present invention has advantages below compared to existing technology:Using the obtained nutrient solution of fermentation in respective stage in the present invention Kiwi fruit plant is sprayed, the well developed root system for promoting the growth of seedling stage can be strengthened, promote plant metabolism, improved The absorbability of plant pair nutrition, it is possible to increase soil biochemistry activity, adjusts soil texture, reduces interionic in soil Antagonism, reaches the ecological balance, so as to increase the growing way of kiwi fruit plant, increases the nutritional ingredient of yield and fruit.
Specific embodiment
From the expensive length of kind as experimental subjects, First Year nursery according to a conventional method, Second Year October harvesting fruit during experiment It is real, each strain number of results is counted and average value is calculated, and fruits nutrition is detected accordingly, experimental group and right is set According to group, experimental group clicks management by methods in embodiment 1-3, control group conventionally Cultivate administration, is examined after plantation Result is surveyed to be contrasted:
Embodiment 1
A kind of implantation methods of high-quality Kiwi berry, comprise the following steps:
(1)The preparation of nutrient solution:Based on fresh weight, by 8 parts of treacle mustard, 7 parts of chrysanthemum leaf potentilla chinensis, 8 parts of field Asian puccoon, 22 parts of double green soya beans, fennel Soaked 8 hours after 4 parts of fennel garlic, 40 parts of mixing of water;After the completion of be beaten, 150 mesh sieves are crossed in fine grinding, with ultraviolet sterilization 8 minutes, plus Enter the compound probiotic equivalent to its weight 3%, under the conditions of 55 DEG C, ferment 28 hours, obtain final product;
(2)Seedling management:After strong bud grows 30cm to before being colonized, after nutrient solution is diluted into 10 times, every 2 days, by 20g/ plants Spray;
(3)Plant manages:
In germination to fruit expanding period, after nutrient solution is diluted into 200 times, sprayed by 500 kgs/acre every 3 days;
In fruit expanding period to strong fruiting period, after nutrient solution is diluted into 200 times, sprayed by 400 kgs/acre daily.
Wherein, the ultraviolet irradiation dosage is 30000W/(s·cm²), sterilizing time is 20s;It is described compound prebiotic Bacterium is made up of the strain of following weight portion:It is 16 parts of Yarrowia lipolytica, 8 parts of lactobacillus acidophilus, 10 parts of Paenibacillus polymyxa, solid 5 parts of nitrogen bacillus.
Embodiment 2
A kind of implantation methods of high-quality Kiwi berry, comprise the following steps:
(1)The preparation of nutrient solution:Based on fresh weight, by 12 parts of treacle mustard, 4 parts of chrysanthemum leaf potentilla chinensis, 12 parts of field Asian puccoon, 18 parts of double green soya beans, Soaked 6 hours after 7 parts of fennel fennel garlic, 35 parts of mixing of water;After the completion of be beaten, 150 mesh sieves are crossed in fine grinding, with ultraviolet sterilization 10 minutes, The compound probiotic equivalent to its weight 4% is added, under the conditions of 60 DEG C, is fermented 32 hours, obtained final product;
(2)Seedling management:After strong bud grows 30cm to before being colonized, after nutrient solution is diluted into 10 times, every 2 days, by 18g/ plants Spray;
(3)Plant manages:
In germination to fruit expanding period, after nutrient solution is diluted into 200 times, sprayed by 500 kgs/acre every 3 days;
In fruit expanding period to strong fruiting period, after nutrient solution is diluted into 200 times, sprayed by 400 kgs/acre daily.
Embodiment 3
A kind of implantation methods of high-quality Kiwi berry, comprise the following steps:
(1)The preparation of nutrient solution:Based on fresh weight, by 10 parts of treacle mustard, 5 parts of chrysanthemum leaf potentilla chinensis, 10 parts of field Asian puccoon, 20 parts of double green soya beans, Soaked 8 hours after 5 parts of fennel fennel garlic, 38 parts of mixing of water;After the completion of be beaten, 150 mesh sieves are crossed in fine grinding, with ultraviolet sterilization 10 minutes, The compound probiotic equivalent to its weight 3% is added, under the conditions of 60 DEG C, is fermented 30 hours, obtained final product;
(2)Seedling management:After strong bud grows 30cm to before being colonized, after nutrient solution is diluted into 10 times, every 2 days, by 20g/ plants Spray;
(3)Plant manages:
In germination to fruit expanding period, after nutrient solution is diluted into 200 times, sprayed by 500 kgs/acre every 3 days;
In fruit expanding period to strong fruiting period, after nutrient solution is diluted into 200 times, sprayed by 400 kgs/acre daily.
The Kiwi berry yield comparison table of table 1
The Kiwi berry nutritious content balance of table 2
Method plants the fruit for harvesting greatly in can be seen that the present invention by data in Tables 1 and 2, and result quantities are more than control group, The nutritional ingredient of Kiwi berry is also significantly increased compared to control group simultaneously, and corresponding moisture is slightly below control group, illustrates this The volume increase of Kiwi berry is increased production in the increased mode of nutritional ingredient in invention, with dissemination.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of implantation methods of high-quality Kiwi berry, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)The preparation of nutrient solution:Based on fresh weight, by treacle mustard 8-12 parts, 4-7 parts of chrysanthemum leaf potentilla chinensis, 8-12 parts of field Asian puccoon, double green soya beans 18-22 parts, 4-7 parts of fennel fennel garlic, water 35-40 parts mixing after soak 6-8 hours;After the completion of be beaten, fine grinding, cross 150 mesh sieves, with purple Outside line sterilization 5-10 minutes, adds the compound probiotic equivalent to its weight 2-4%, and under the conditions of 55-60 DEG C, 28-32 is small for fermentation When, obtain final product;
(2)Seedling management:After strong bud grows 30cm to before being colonized, after nutrient solution is diluted into 10 times, every 2 days, by 15-20g/ Strain is sprayed;
(3)Plant manages:
In germination to fruit expanding period, after nutrient solution is diluted into 200 times, sprayed by 500 kgs/acre every 3 days;
In fruit expanding period to strong fruiting period, after nutrient solution is diluted into 200 times, sprayed by 400 kgs/acre daily.
2. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of implantation methods of high-quality Kiwi berry, it is characterised in that the ultraviolet irradiation agent It is 30000W/ to measure(s·cm²), sterilizing time is 15-20s.
3. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of implantation methods of high-quality Kiwi berry, it is characterised in that the compound probiotic by with The strain of lower weight portion is constituted:Yarrowia lipolytica 12-16 parts, lactobacillus acidophilus 4-8 parts, Paenibacillus polymyxa 8-12 parts, Bacillus azotobacter 3-7 parts.
CN201611076369.6A 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 Method for planting high-quality kiwifruits Pending CN106688543A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611076369.6A CN106688543A (en) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 Method for planting high-quality kiwifruits

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611076369.6A CN106688543A (en) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 Method for planting high-quality kiwifruits

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106688543A true CN106688543A (en) 2017-05-24

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101946790A (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-01-19 西北大学 Chinese gooseberry growth nutrient solution and preparation method thereof
CN102511348A (en) * 2011-11-09 2012-06-27 吴新忠 Method for improving quality of kiwi fruit and special high-quality fruit comprehensive agents
CN103804047A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-05-21 中国科学院武汉植物园 Special fertilizer for Hongyang kiwifruit and fertilizing method
CN104584972A (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-05-06 张端瑛 Cultivation technique for vitamin C selenium-rich kiwi fruit
CN104718955A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-06-24 太仓市农业技术推广中心 Planting method for high-yield kiwi fruit
CN106105489A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-16 青岛海之源智能技术有限公司 A kind of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae implantation methods

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101946790A (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-01-19 西北大学 Chinese gooseberry growth nutrient solution and preparation method thereof
CN102511348A (en) * 2011-11-09 2012-06-27 吴新忠 Method for improving quality of kiwi fruit and special high-quality fruit comprehensive agents
CN103804047A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-05-21 中国科学院武汉植物园 Special fertilizer for Hongyang kiwifruit and fertilizing method
CN104584972A (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-05-06 张端瑛 Cultivation technique for vitamin C selenium-rich kiwi fruit
CN104718955A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-06-24 太仓市农业技术推广中心 Planting method for high-yield kiwi fruit
CN106105489A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-16 青岛海之源智能技术有限公司 A kind of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae implantation methods

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Application publication date: 20170524

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