CN104429430A - Method for planting taxuschinensis tea in garden - Google Patents

Method for planting taxuschinensis tea in garden Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104429430A
CN104429430A CN201310441352.6A CN201310441352A CN104429430A CN 104429430 A CN104429430 A CN 104429430A CN 201310441352 A CN201310441352 A CN 201310441352A CN 104429430 A CN104429430 A CN 104429430A
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China
Prior art keywords
tea
cuttage
planting
seedling
garden
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CN201310441352.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王明强
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贵州省印江自治县梵净青茶业有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201310441352.6A priority Critical patent/CN104429430A/en
Publication of CN104429430A publication Critical patent/CN104429430A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for planting taxuschinensis tea in a garden. The method comprises the following steps of tea seedling cultivation, a method of planting and putting taxuschinensis tree and tea seedlings into the garden and a management method. According to method of planting and putting the taxuschinensis tree and tea seedlings into the garden, tea seedling planting is included, wherein a single-row hedge planting method is adopted, the row distance is 1.3 m to 1.7 m, the clump distance is 0.3 m to 0.5 m, one to three plants are in each clump, and 3,000-5,000 seedlings are planted per mu, root systems are transplanted with soil, and buried deeply properly, buried rootstocks are adopted as the limit, and the root systems are expanded and compressed properly; taxuschinensis tree implanting is included, wherein a single-row hedge planting method is adopted, one row is planted every 8 m to 12 m according to east-west tea rows, the plant distance is 8 m to 12 m, and the height of taxuschinensis is controlled between 1.5 m and 2 m. The taxuschinensis tea cultivated through the method has the effects of preventing aging, removing grease, losing weight, preventing cancer, restraining diabetes and treating heart diseases.

Description

The implantation methods of a kind of Chinese yew tea in gardens
Technical field
The present invention relates to the implantation methods of a kind of Chinese yew tea in gardens.
Background technology
Southern enqlish yew is China first class of protection wild plant, is also very important a kind of woody medicinal species, contains one of the most effective cancer therapy drug taxol in recent years.
China is Tea Production big country, and tealeaves has played important function in increasing farmers' income, uplift the people's living standard and promote social harmony etc.And existing organic tea medicinal healths etc. are worth not high.
Summary of the invention
The implantation methods of Chinese yew tea in gardens that the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of medicinal health value high.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme:
Chinese yew tea, at the implantation methods in gardens, comprises the following steps:
One, tea shoot breeding method:
(1) tea shoot adopts clone cuttage and seedling culture, and first to disinfecting soil process, method is: 6-8 days before cuttage, and bed surface spills the ferrous sulfate aqueous solution of 2-3%, uses ferrous sulfate aqueous solution 4-6kg for every square metre; Or doubly, spray bed surface, the degree of depth of drenching is 3-5 centimetre to the 2-4 days dilution of the formalin solution with 35-45% 300-500, with covered rearing with plastic film before cuttage;
(2) gather the resting stage before flowing to resin in spring after cutting is fallen leaves in the fall, the winter in conjunction with tree body cuts and carries out, and selects annual stalwartness, abundant lignification, without the branch of damage by disease and insect; 6-8 days before cuttage, soaks cutting with flowing water, if stagnant water must change water every day; Instantly cuttage is carried out when incision presents obvious irregular knob; Or soak 12-36 hour with the sucrose solution of 0.5-1.5%; Carefully before cuttage use sufficient base manure wholely, make loosing soil, moisture is sufficient; First with crooked chisel or wooden stick perforate, insert cuttings along hole, then sealing of hole is steady and sure, the cuttage degree of depth is the 1/2-3/4 of cutting length, spacing in the rows 15-25 centimetre, line-spacing 30-50 centimetre, waters permeable after inserting;
(3) at the end of cuttage, cover seedbed with shading screen, surrounding soil sealing, if temperature is too high, humidity is excessive, is opened at shading screen two ends, ventilates; After rooting of cuttings, remove covering gradually in batches; Seedbed to be kept after cuttage moistening, in the little water of Seedling Stage, clear water pouring, to permeate seedbed for degree, must guard against broad irrigation; Poured water every 3-5 days 1 time; After cuttage 35-45 days, impose the fertilizer of quick-acting; Nursery lot weeding terminates to September from April, and the seedling that loosens the soil should be shallow, and seedlings should be dark, and pine soil depth is 2-4 centimetre, after be increased to 8-10 centimetre, the stopping of nursery stock hardening period weeds with a hoe; Spray 3-5 Baume degrees lime sulfur or spraying 60-80% thiophanate methyl wetting powder in vegetative period 800-1000 times of liquid before rudiment in spring, the triadimefon 600-1000 times liquid of 25%;
(4), before the large resin flowing of seedling replanting spring in next year, transplant seedling the dusk of choosing cloudy day or fine day, 2-3 days before transplanting, fill with sufficient water, will note during lifting protecting root system, with lifting with transporting with planting, water permeable after cultivation, and seedling is shaded;
Two, Chinese yew and tea shoot field planting enter garden method
(1) tea shoot is implanted: adopt single file drill planting method, line-spacing 1.3-1.7 rice, and clump is apart from 0.3-0.5 rice, and every clump of 1-3 strain, plants seedling 3000-5000 strain for every mu; Root system balled transplanting, suitably buried, to bury collar for degree, unfold root system, suitably compress; (2) Chinese yew is implanted: adopt single file drill planting method, capable by East and West direction tea, a line implanted by every 8-12 rice, and spacing in the rows is 8-12 rice; Chinese yew Altitude control is between 1.5-2 rice;
Three, management method
(1) balance fertilizing, by producing quantitatively: every mu of 150-250 kilogram of oil cake or every mu of 800-1200 kilogram of farmyard manure base manure;
(2) in good time clear garden: all will prune after tea tree 15-25 centimetre every year, the light pruning degree of depth is 2-4 centimetre in good time, deep pruning is overhead 30-50 centimetre;
(3) cultivation and banking;
(4) stay leaf to pluck in time in batches;
(5) in tea place, settle solar insect-killing light or lay and lure the yellow plate of worm;
As the further scheme of the present invention: Chinese yew tea garden management method is as follows:
(1) every year in garden artificial weeding 2-4 time in spring is carried out, the use of minimizing weed killer herbicide;
(2) spring tea carries out first time pruning after plucking and terminating, to reduce the consumption of tea tree nutrient;
(3) carrying out deep ploughing the 9-11 month uses oil cake 250-350 kg/acre, cow dung 1500-2500 kg/acre every year.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention cultivate Chinese yew tea have anti-aging, go greasy fat-reducing, anticancer, suppress diabetes and treat cardiopathic effectiveness.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention, obviously, described embodiment is only the present invention's part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment 1
In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of Chinese yew tea, at the implantation methods in gardens, comprises the following steps:
One, tea shoot breeding method:
(1) tea shoot adopts clone cuttage and seedling culture, and first to disinfecting soil process, method is: in cuttage first 6 days, bed surface spills the ferrous sulfate aqueous solution of 2%, uses ferrous sulfate aqueous solution 4kg for every square metre; Or first 2 days of cuttage with 35% formalin solution dilute 300 times, spray bed surface, the degree of depth of drenching is 3 centimetres, with covered rearing with plastic film;
(2) gather the resting stage before flowing to resin in spring after cutting is fallen leaves in the fall, the winter in conjunction with tree body cuts and carries out, and selects annual stalwartness, abundant lignification, without the branch of damage by disease and insect; For improving the survival rate of cutting, in cuttage first 6 days, soak cutting with flowing water, if stagnant water must change water every day; Instantly cuttage is carried out when incision presents obvious irregular knob; Or the sucrose solution with 0.5% soaks 12 hours, survival rate can be significantly improved; Carefully before cuttage use sufficient base manure wholely, make loosing soil, moisture is sufficient; First with crooked chisel or wooden stick perforate, insert cuttings along hole, then sealing of hole is steady and sure, the cuttage degree of depth is 1/2 of cutting length, spacing in the rows 15 centimetres, line-spacing 30 centimetres, waters permeable after inserting;
(3) at the end of cuttage, cover seedbed with shading screen, surrounding soil sealing, if temperature is too high, humidity is excessive, is opened at shading screen two ends, ventilates; Within general about five weeks, can take root, after rooting of cuttings, remove covering gradually in batches; Seedbed to be kept after cuttage moistening, in the little water of Seedling Stage, clear water pouring, to permeate seedbed for degree, must guard against broad irrigation; Poured water every 3 days 1 time; Cuttage, after 35 days, imposes the fertilizer of quick-acting, and the principle of Miao Qiaoshi is seen in GPRS topdressing at different stages; Nursery lot weeding terminates to September from April, and the seedling that loosens the soil should be shallow, and seedlings should be dark, and pine soil depth is 2 centimetres, after be increased to 8 centimetres, the stopping of nursery stock hardening period weeds with a hoe; Spray 3 Baume degrees lime sulfurs or spraying 60% thiophanate methyl wetting powder in vegetative period 800 times of liquid before rudiment in spring, triadimefon 600 times of liquid of 25%;
(4), before the large resin flowing of seedling replanting spring in next year, transplant seedling the dusk of choosing cloudy day or fine day, 2-3 days before transplanting, fill with sufficient water, will note during lifting protecting root system, with lifting with transporting with planting, water permeable after cultivation, and seedling is shaded;
Two, Chinese yew and tea shoot field planting enter garden method
(1) tea shoot is implanted: adopt single file drill planting method, line-spacing 1.3 meters, and clump is apart from 0.3 meter, and every clump of 1 strain, plants seedling 3000 strain for every mu; Root system balled transplanting, suitably buried, to bury collar for degree, unfold root system, suitably compress, make plant strain growth healthy and strong, physically well develop, the corresponding raising of resistant to diseases and insects;
(2) Chinese yew is implanted: adopt single file drill planting method, capable by East and West direction tea, and implant a line for every 8 meters, spacing in the rows is 8 meters; Chinese yew Altitude control, between 1.5 meters, makes the oxygen of Chinese yew output fully absorb by tea tree; Meanwhile, the alkaloid gas of Chinese yew secretion release and release aroma substance, play tea tree insect protected, sterilization, the effect that purifies air;
Three, management method
(1) balance fertilizing, by producing quantitatively: every mu of 150 kilograms of oil cakes or every mu of 800 kilograms of farmyard manure base manure;
(2) in good time clear garden: all will prune after tea tree 15 centimetres every year, the light pruning degree of depth is 2 centimetres, and deep pruning is overhead 30 centimetres in good time;
(3) cultivation and banking: this measure can not only improve soil moisture content, is conducive to tea root growth, and can destroys sick worm hibernacle, kills the Overwintering Larvae of tea geometrid in soil etc., buried dry branches and fallen leaves, minimizing cause of disease radix;
(4) stay leaf to pluck in time: low age children nymph and the pieces of an egg that can remove the insects such as tea olethreutid, smaller green leaf hopper on shoot like this, alleviate the harm of tea rot in batches;
(5) in tea place, settle solar insect-killing light or lay and lure the yellow plate of worm, carry out anti-insect pest processed, reduce the use of agricultural chemicals;
Four, Chinese yew tea garden management method
(1) every year in garden carry out artificial weeding 2 times in spring, reduce the use of weed killer herbicide;
(2) spring tea carries out first time pruning after plucking and terminating, to reduce the consumption of tea tree nutrient;
(3) carrying out deep ploughing the 9-11 month uses oil cake 250 kgs/acre, cow dung 1500 kgs/acre every year, to guarantee the nutritional sufficiency of tea tree, nurtures real organic tea.
Embodiment 2
In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of Chinese yew tea, at the implantation methods in gardens, comprises the following steps:
One, tea shoot breeding method:
(1) tea shoot adopts clone cuttage and seedling culture, and first to disinfecting soil process, method is: in cuttage first 7 days, bed surface spills the ferrous sulfate aqueous solution of 2.5%, uses ferrous sulfate aqueous solution 5kg for every square metre; Or first 3 days of cuttage with 40% formalin solution dilute 400 times, spray bed surface, the degree of depth of drenching is 4 centimetres, with covered rearing with plastic film;
(2) gather the resting stage before flowing to resin in spring after cutting is fallen leaves in the fall, the winter in conjunction with tree body cuts and carries out, and selects annual stalwartness, abundant lignification, without the branch of damage by disease and insect; For improving the survival rate of cutting, in cuttage first 7 days, soak cutting with flowing water, if stagnant water must change water every day; Instantly cuttage is carried out when incision presents obvious irregular knob; Or the sucrose solution with 1% soaks 24 hours, survival rate can be significantly improved; Carefully before cuttage use sufficient base manure wholely, make loosing soil, moisture is sufficient; First with crooked chisel or wooden stick perforate, insert cuttings along hole, then sealing of hole is steady and sure, the cuttage degree of depth is 2/3 of cutting length, spacing in the rows 20 centimetres, line-spacing 40 centimetres, waters permeable after inserting;
(3) at the end of cuttage, cover seedbed with shading screen, surrounding soil sealing, if temperature is too high, humidity is excessive, is opened at shading screen two ends, ventilates; Within general about five weeks, can take root, after rooting of cuttings, remove covering gradually in batches; Seedbed to be kept after cuttage moistening, in the little water of Seedling Stage, clear water pouring, to permeate seedbed for degree, must guard against broad irrigation; Poured water every 4 days 1 time; Cuttage, after 40 days, imposes the fertilizer of quick-acting, and the principle of Miao Qiaoshi is seen in GPRS topdressing at different stages; Nursery lot weeding terminates to September from April, and the seedling that loosens the soil should be shallow, and seedlings should be dark, and pine soil depth is 3 centimetres, after be increased to 9 centimetres, the stopping of nursery stock hardening period weeds with a hoe; Spray 4 Baume degrees lime sulfurs or spraying 70% thiophanate methyl wetting powder in vegetative period 900 times of liquid before rudiment in spring, triadimefon 800 times of liquid of 25%;
(4), before the large resin flowing of seedling replanting spring in next year, transplant seedling the dusk of choosing cloudy day or fine day, transplants first 2 days, fill with sufficient water, will note protecting root system during lifting, with lifting with transporting with planting, watering permeable, and shade to seedling after cultivation;
Two, Chinese yew and tea shoot field planting enter garden method
(1) tea shoot is implanted: adopt single file drill planting method, line-spacing 1.5 meters, and clump is apart from 0.4 meter, and every clump of 2 strains, plant seedling 4000 strain for every mu; Root system balled transplanting, suitably buried, to bury collar for degree, unfold root system, suitably compress, make plant strain growth healthy and strong, physically well develop, the corresponding raising of resistant to diseases and insects;
(2) Chinese yew is implanted: adopt single file drill planting method, capable by East and West direction tea, and implant a line for every 10 meters, spacing in the rows is 10 meters; Chinese yew Altitude control, between 1.8 meters, makes the oxygen of Chinese yew output fully absorb by tea tree; Meanwhile, the alkaloid gas of Chinese yew secretion release and release aroma substance, play tea tree insect protected, sterilization, the effect that purifies air;
Three, management method
(1) balance fertilizing, by producing quantitatively: every mu of 200 kilograms of oil cakes or every mu of 1000 kilograms of farmyard manure base manure;
(2) in good time clear garden: all will prune after tea tree 20 centimetres every year, the light pruning degree of depth is 3 centimetres, and deep pruning is overhead 40 centimetres in good time;
(3) cultivation and banking: this measure can not only improve soil moisture content, is conducive to tea root growth, and can destroys sick worm hibernacle, kills the Overwintering Larvae of tea geometrid in soil etc., buried dry branches and fallen leaves, minimizing cause of disease radix;
(4) stay leaf to pluck in time: low age children nymph and the pieces of an egg that can remove the insects such as tea olethreutid, smaller green leaf hopper on shoot like this, alleviate the harm of tea rot in batches;
(5) in tea place, settle solar insect-killing light or lay and lure the yellow plate of worm, carry out anti-insect pest processed, reduce the use of agricultural chemicals;
Four, Chinese yew tea garden management method
(1) every year in garden carry out artificial weeding 3 times in spring, reduce the use of weed killer herbicide;
(2) spring tea carries out first time pruning after plucking and terminating, to reduce the consumption of tea tree nutrient;
(3) carrying out deep ploughing the 9-11 month uses oil cake 300 kgs/acre, cow dung 2000 kgs/acre every year, to guarantee the nutritional sufficiency of tea tree, nurtures real organic tea.
Embodiment 3
In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of Chinese yew tea, at the implantation methods in gardens, comprises the following steps:
One, tea shoot breeding method:
(1) tea shoot adopts clone cuttage and seedling culture, and first to disinfecting soil process, method is: in cuttage first 8 days, bed surface spills the ferrous sulfate aqueous solution of 3%, uses ferrous sulfate aqueous solution 6kg for every square metre; Or first 4 days of cuttage with 45% formalin solution dilute 500 times, spray bed surface, the degree of depth of drenching is 5 centimetres, with covered rearing with plastic film;
(2) gather the resting stage before flowing to resin in spring after cutting is fallen leaves in the fall, the winter in conjunction with tree body cuts and carries out, and selects annual stalwartness, abundant lignification, without the branch of damage by disease and insect; For improving the survival rate of cutting, in cuttage first 8 days, soak cutting with flowing water, if stagnant water must change water every day; Instantly cuttage is carried out when incision presents obvious irregular knob; Or the sucrose solution with 1.5% soaks 36 hours, survival rate can be significantly improved; Carefully before cuttage use sufficient base manure wholely, make loosing soil, moisture is sufficient; First with crooked chisel or wooden stick perforate, insert cuttings along hole, then sealing of hole is steady and sure, the cuttage degree of depth is 3/4 of cutting length, spacing in the rows 25 centimetres, line-spacing 50 centimetres, waters permeable after inserting;
(3) at the end of cuttage, cover seedbed with shading screen, surrounding soil sealing, if temperature is too high, humidity is excessive, is opened at shading screen two ends, ventilates; Within general about five weeks, can take root, after rooting of cuttings, remove covering gradually in batches; Seedbed to be kept after cuttage moistening, in the little water of Seedling Stage, clear water pouring, to permeate seedbed for degree, must guard against broad irrigation; Poured water every 5 days 1 time; Cuttage, after 45 days, imposes the fertilizer of quick-acting, and the principle of Miao Qiaoshi is seen in GPRS topdressing at different stages; Nursery lot weeding terminates to September from April, and the seedling that loosens the soil should be shallow, and seedlings should be dark, and pine soil depth is 4 centimetres, after be increased to 10 centimetres, the stopping of nursery stock hardening period weeds with a hoe; Spray 3-5 Baume degrees lime sulfur or spraying 80% thiophanate methyl wetting powder in vegetative period 1000 times of liquid before rudiment in spring, triadimefon 1000 times of liquid of 25%;
(4), before the large resin flowing of seedling replanting spring in next year, transplant seedling the dusk of choosing cloudy day or fine day, transplants first 3 days, fill with sufficient water, will note protecting root system during lifting, with lifting with transporting with planting, watering permeable, and shade to seedling after cultivation;
Two, Chinese yew and tea shoot field planting enter garden method
(1) tea shoot is implanted: adopt single file drill planting method, line-spacing 1.7 meters, and clump is apart from 0.5 meter, and every clump of 3 strains, plant seedling 5000 strain for every mu; Root system balled transplanting, suitably buried, to bury collar for degree, unfold root system, suitably compress, make plant strain growth healthy and strong, physically well develop, the corresponding raising of resistant to diseases and insects;
(2) Chinese yew is implanted: adopt single file drill planting method, capable by East and West direction tea, and implant a line for every 12 meters, spacing in the rows is 12 meters; Chinese yew Altitude control, between 2 meters, makes the oxygen of Chinese yew output fully absorb by tea tree; Meanwhile, the alkaloid gas of Chinese yew secretion release and release aroma substance, play tea tree insect protected, sterilization, the effect that purifies air;
Three, management method
(1) balance fertilizing, by producing quantitatively: every mu of 250 kilograms of oil cakes or every mu of 1200 kilograms of farmyard manure base manure;
(2) in good time clear garden: all will prune after tea tree 25 centimetres every year, the light pruning degree of depth is 4 centimetres, and deep pruning is overhead 50 centimetres in good time;
(3) cultivation and banking: this measure can not only improve soil moisture content, is conducive to tea root growth, and can destroys sick worm hibernacle, kills the Overwintering Larvae of tea geometrid in soil etc., buried dry branches and fallen leaves, minimizing cause of disease radix;
(4) stay leaf to pluck in time: low age children nymph and the pieces of an egg that can remove the insects such as tea olethreutid, smaller green leaf hopper on shoot like this, alleviate the harm of tea rot in batches;
(5) in tea place, settle solar insect-killing light or lay and lure the yellow plate of worm, carry out anti-insect pest processed, reduce the use of agricultural chemicals;
Four, Chinese yew tea garden management method
(1) every year in garden carry out artificial weeding 4 times in spring, reduce the use of weed killer herbicide;
(2) spring tea carries out first time pruning after plucking and terminating, to reduce the consumption of tea tree nutrient;
(3) carrying out deep ploughing the 9-11 month uses oil cake 350 kgs/acre, cow dung 2500 kgs/acre every year, to guarantee the nutritional sufficiency of tea tree, nurtures real organic tea.
The Chinese yew tea cultivated according to above-mentioned implantation methods have anti-aging, go greasy fat-reducing, anticancer, suppress diabetes and treat cardiopathic effectiveness.
To those skilled in the art, obviously the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and when not deviating from spirit of the present invention or essential characteristic, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter from which point, all should embodiment be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, scope of the present invention is limited by claims instead of above-mentioned explanation, and all changes be therefore intended in the implication of the equivalency by dropping on claim and scope are included in the present invention.
In addition, be to be understood that, although this specification is described according to embodiment, but not each embodiment only comprises an independently technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only for clarity sake, those skilled in the art should by specification integrally, and the technical scheme in each embodiment also through appropriately combined, can form other embodiments that it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that.

Claims (2)

1. Chinese yew tea is at the implantation methods in gardens, it is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
One, tea shoot breeding method:
(1) tea shoot adopts clone cuttage and seedling culture, and first to disinfecting soil process, method is: 6-8 days before cuttage, and bed surface spills the ferrous sulfate aqueous solution of 2-3%, uses ferrous sulfate aqueous solution 4-6kg for every square metre; Or doubly, spray bed surface, the degree of depth of drenching is 3-5 centimetre to the 2-4 days dilution of the formalin solution with 35-45% 300-500, with covered rearing with plastic film before cuttage;
(2) gather the resting stage before flowing to resin in spring after cutting is fallen leaves in the fall, the winter in conjunction with tree body cuts and carries out, and selects annual stalwartness, abundant lignification, without the branch of damage by disease and insect; 6-8 days before cuttage, soaks cutting with flowing water, if stagnant water must change water every day; Instantly cuttage is carried out when incision presents obvious irregular knob; Or soak 12-36 hour with the sucrose solution of 0.5-1.5%; Carefully before cuttage use sufficient base manure wholely, make loosing soil, moisture is sufficient; First with crooked chisel or wooden stick perforate, insert cuttings along hole, then sealing of hole is steady and sure, the cuttage degree of depth is the 1/2-3/4 of cutting length, spacing in the rows 15-25 centimetre, line-spacing 30-50 centimetre, waters permeable after inserting;
(3) at the end of cuttage, cover seedbed with shading screen, surrounding soil sealing, if temperature is too high, humidity is excessive, is opened at shading screen two ends, ventilates; After rooting of cuttings, remove covering gradually in batches; Seedbed to be kept after cuttage moistening, in the little water of Seedling Stage, clear water pouring, to permeate seedbed for degree, must guard against broad irrigation; Poured water every 3-5 days 1 time; After cuttage 35-45 days, impose the fertilizer of quick-acting; Nursery lot weeding terminates to September from April, and the seedling that loosens the soil should be shallow, and seedlings should be dark, and pine soil depth is 2-4 centimetre, after be increased to 8-10 centimetre, the stopping of nursery stock hardening period weeds with a hoe; Spray 3-5 Baume degrees lime sulfur or spraying 60-80% thiophanate methyl wetting powder in vegetative period 800-1000 times of liquid before rudiment in spring, the triadimefon 600-1000 times liquid of 25%;
(4), before the large resin flowing of seedling replanting spring in next year, transplant seedling the dusk of choosing cloudy day or fine day, 2-3 days before transplanting, fill with sufficient water, will note during lifting protecting root system, with lifting with transporting with planting, water permeable after cultivation, and seedling is shaded;
Two, Chinese yew and tea shoot field planting enter garden method
(1) tea shoot is implanted: adopt single file drill planting method, line-spacing 1.3-1.7 rice, and clump is apart from 0.3-0.5 rice, and every clump of 1-3 strain, plants seedling 3000-5000 strain for every mu; Root system balled transplanting, suitably buried, to bury collar for degree, unfold root system, suitably compress;
(2) Chinese yew is implanted: adopt single file drill planting method, capable by East and West direction tea, a line implanted by every 8-12 rice, and spacing in the rows is 8-12 rice; Chinese yew Altitude control is between 1.5-2 rice;
Three, management method
(1) balance fertilizing, by producing quantitatively: every mu of 150-250 kilogram of oil cake or every mu of 800-1200 kilogram of farmyard manure base manure;
(2) in good time clear garden: all will prune after tea tree 15-25 centimetre every year, the light pruning degree of depth is 2-4 centimetre in good time, deep pruning is overhead 30-50 centimetre;
(3) cultivation and banking;
(4) stay leaf to pluck in time in batches;
(5) in tea place, settle solar insect-killing light or lay and lure the yellow plate of worm.
2. Chinese yew tea according to claim 1 is at the implantation methods in gardens, it is characterized in that, Chinese yew tea garden management method is as follows:
(1) every year in garden artificial weeding 2-4 time in spring is carried out, the use of minimizing weed killer herbicide;
(2) spring tea carries out first time pruning after plucking and terminating, to reduce the consumption of tea tree nutrient;
(3) carrying out deep ploughing the 9-11 month uses oil cake 250-350 kg/acre, cow dung 1500-2500 kg/acre every year.
CN201310441352.6A 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 Method for planting taxuschinensis tea in garden CN104429430A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN104885842A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-09-09 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Method for cutting and breeding Taxus baccata
CN105340664A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-02-24 湖南绿博农林开发有限公司 Planting method for transforming sparse mountain forest by taxus chinensis tree
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CN104885842A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-09-09 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Method for cutting and breeding Taxus baccata
CN105340664A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-02-24 湖南绿博农林开发有限公司 Planting method for transforming sparse mountain forest by taxus chinensis tree
CN107251794A (en) * 2017-05-03 2017-10-17 安徽荃润丰农业科技有限公司 A kind of breeding method of crape myrtle nursery stock
CN107593245A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-01-19 太湖县纯野生态茶油有限责任公司 Oil tea pest and disease damage integrates effective administering method

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