CN103918459B - One seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method - Google Patents

One seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method Download PDF

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CN103918459B
CN103918459B CN201410170401.1A CN201410170401A CN103918459B CN 103918459 B CN103918459 B CN 103918459B CN 201410170401 A CN201410170401 A CN 201410170401A CN 103918459 B CN103918459 B CN 103918459B
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cuttage
water
tree
shed
fringe bar
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CN103918459A (en
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庞世龙
申文辉
侯远瑞
黄小荣
郝海坤
彭玉华
李文付
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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Abstract

The invention discloses a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method, comprise cutting orchard construction, fringe bar Acquire and process, cuttage and manage operation after inserting, it is characterized in that: gather the age of tree 1 ~ February 2 ~ 5 years, robust growth, wild nursery stocks without damage by disease and insect, cultivation domestication becomes scion-seed tree, then fringe bar is gathered, cuttage, in ready matrix, manages the fertile ox tree cuttage seedling wood of acquisition after inserting.Seedling quality of the present invention is good, and individual difference is little, good stability; root system comparatively seedling is flourishing, and growing way is vigorous, transplants without seedling-slowing stage; survival rate is high, and reproduction coefficient is high, suitable for industrial production; with low cost, easy and simple to handle, easily popularize; for the fertile ox tree of Conservation and development, greening tor, improves the ecological environment; develop animal husbandry, provide a kind of nursery stock fast breeding technique, there is higher ecological benefits, Social benefit and economic benefit.

Description

One seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of plant growing technology, relate to a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method.
Background technology
Fertile Niu Shu ﹝ cephalomappa sinensis(Chun et How) Kosterm. ﹞ has another name called miaow hard (strong language), and belong to the evergreen megaphanerophyte of Euphorbiaceae Cephalomappa, the height of tree can reach 35 m, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground 1.5 m, and Yin Qiye raises ox, ox can be made stout and strong and gain the name.Natural distribution is in the karst mountain area evergreen broad-leaved forest of Southwestern Kwangsi, China height above sea level 500 below m, and be that Guangxi Karst Region forest mainly builds one of group seeds, be Guangxi endemic species, state three level protecting plant, has higher learning value.
Fertile ox leaf is plump, micro-sweet, and nutriment enriches, good palatability, ox, sheep eating, is Chinese these feeding seeds of peculiar precious wood.According to analysis, fertile ox leaf dry matter gross protein value 14.91 %, crude fat content 3.73 %, crude fiber content 20.04 %, nitrogen free extract content 42.26 %, phosphorus content 0.23 %, calcium content 1.56 %, gross energy 3.96 thermies/kg, its nutrient component is much better than corn and straw.Tuo Kan township, Tiandeng County, Guangxi peasant once did overtesting, if all adopt fertile ox to set fresh leaf feed farm cattle, on average every 7.8 kg that monthly increase weight, and adopt fertile ox to set fresh leaf and each 50 % mixed feedings of green grass, on average every only 4.9 kg that monthly increase weight, both differences are extremely remarkable.Except feeding, fertile ox tree well developed root system, can penetrate growth between rock crevice, is the important species of karst Rocky Desertification Control, water and soil conservation and water conservation; Its wood structure is tight, and material is hard, is the high quality timber such as furniture, building, mechanical industry and cabinetmaking goods; Seed is rich in grease, can extract oil.The fertile ox woods herd dual-purpose, and purposes is extremely wide, has higher ecological benefits, Social benefit and economic benefit.The fertile ox tree of Conservation and development, both afforested tor, improved the ecological environment, and produced again a large amount of green fodder, develop animal husbandry, benefit the nation and the people, have a extensive future.
Easily come off because fertile ox tree fruit is ripe, birds and beasts eating, more difficult collection, the producing region masses mostly are and take wild nursery stocks transplanting, and quantity is few, of poor quality, and seedling problem annoyings the development of fertile ox tree industry always.How to realize fertile ox tree breeding numerous soon, become the difficult point that prior art is urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for fertile ox tree sexual propagation difficulty, provide a kind of simple, that reproduction speed is fast, reproduction coefficient is high, with low cost fertile ox to set cuttage breeding method.
The present invention is achieved in that
One seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method, comprise cutting orchard construction, fringe bar Acquire and process, cuttage and insert the operations such as rear management, it is characterized in that: by gathering wild fertile ox sapling wood, cultivation domestication becomes scion-seed tree, then fringe bar is gathered, cuttage is in ready matrix, and after inserting, manage the fertile ox tree cuttage seedling wood of acquisition, its operating procedure is as follows:
(1) cutting orchard construction:
1. ground, garden is selected: selection has a good transport service, irrigation and drainage are good, soil layer is deep, make cutting orchard with loosening fertile level land or gentle slope;
2. wholely: overall site preparation, two plough two rakes, use sufficient base manure, fine earth is raked, and picks up clean grass roots, has started furrow, wide 30 cm of pavement, dark 25 cm, furrow face width 120 cm, and length is determined according to landform;
3. elite stand gathers: in 1 ~ February gather the age of tree 2 ~ 5 years, robust growth, wild nursery stocks without damage by disease and insect, every 20 strains are bundled into 1 bundle, and seedling root is immersed 5 ~ 10 s in water-loss reducer gel, taking-up plastic film is wrapped up, with transporting garden back;
4. field planting: after nursery stock is transported back, plant immediately or put husky bed and heel in, planting density 50 cm × 50 cm, plant hole size and the degree of depth should be greater than seedling root; Before planting, first seedling root is immersed rooting powder solution and 5 ~ 10 s in the mud become, mention and can plant, apart from cm place, ground 15 ~ 20 secateurs truncation after planting, then irrigate normal root water;
5. elite stand tending management: after field planting, waters 1 water, after Sprout period is branched out every 5 ~ 10 d, topdressing in conjunction with watering, executing composite fertilizer's aqueous solution of 1 concentration 0.5 ~ 1.0 % every 15 d, depending on fringe bar growing state, and time control water control is fertile, in case the excessive growth of fringe bar; Put up a shed summer sunshade, pilespacing 5 ~ 6 m, apart from the high 2.5 m bracing wires in ground, covers the sunshade net sunshade of shading rate 70 % above; After adopting fringe, the carbendazol wettable powder namely spraying mass concentration 50 % adds water the solution of 500 times, and Incision infection prevention, removes the weeds on seedbed in time, open annular groove in tree crown periphery, discharges conventional composite fertilizer 50 ~ 100 g/ strain used, inspires shoot at every turn;
(2) fringe bar Acquire and process:
1. adopt fringe: before sprouting with sprouting in spring, carry out when fine day or cloudy day morning 6: 00 ~ 9: 00, growth selection is healthy and strong, fringe bar that bud is full, cut apart from female branch 0.5 cm place, the fringe bar after adopting neatly be positioned over a little clear water is housed basin in;
2. fringe processed: the fringe bar adopted back is placed frescade, with adopting process, every cuttings retains 2 ~ 4 full buds, long 8 ~ 10 cm, upper end is apart from bud 1 cm place straight snips, and lower end is tiltedly cut apart from bud 0.5 cm place, only retain 2, top leaf, and cut off 1/3, all the other leaves are all wiped out;
3. sterilizing: every 50 cuttings are bundled into 1 bundle, aligns in lower end, vertically puts into mass concentration 50 % carbendazol wettable powder and to add water 500 times of solution, be dipped into cuttings base portion 3 ~ 4 cm, takes out and drain away the water after 10 ~ 15 min;
4. HORMONE TREATMENT: the cuttings base portion after sterilization is immersed 2 h in the rooting powder solution prepared in advance, takes out and gets final product cuttage;
(3) cuttage:
1. matrix treatments: the 1 d liquor potassic permanganate spray cutting medium sterilization of mass concentration 0.5 % before cuttage, then covered with plastic film, reduces external interference;
2. cottage method: first with clear water, seedbed cutting medium is drenched before cuttage, by seeding row spacing 3 cm × 10 cm, cuttings base portion is vertically inserted in cutting medium, the cuttage degree of depth 4 ~ 5 cm, notice during cuttage that cuttings leaf should arrange to same direction, in order to avoid mutually block, affect ventilation and penetrating light, normal root water of drenching after inserting;
3. to put up a shed insulation: build Small plastic shed with bamboo chip, apart from high 50 ~ 70 cm of bed surface, every 80 cm arrange arciform bamboo chip, above covered with plastic film, in shed, Hygrothermograph is set, the plastic film fine earth compacting of shed surrounding, heat and moisture preserving;
(4) management after inserting:
1. water management: note the temperature and humidity in observation, regulation and control arch canopy after cuttage, keep arch temperature of shed 20 ~ 25 DEG C, relative moisture > 90 %, when encircleing temperature of shed > 30 DEG C, open the plastic film at shed two, aeration-cooling, during outdoor temperature > 28 DEG C, throw off plastic film, change the sunshade net of shading rate 70 % into; Before Callus formation, water in good time, keep blade face to have the globule, after Callus formation, suitably control water, only need keep cutting medium surface wettability;
2. sterilizing disease prevention: next day after cuttage, the add water solution of 500 times or 75 % tpn wetting powders of the carbendazol wettable powder spraying mass concentration 50 % add water 800 times of solution sterilization diseases preventions, spray 1 time again every 7 d, two kinds of medicines are used alternatingly, and avoid bacterial resistance occurred later;
3. top dressing: after cuttage 20 d, sprays mass concentration 0.2 % urea+0.3 % potassium dihydrogen phosphate mixotrophism liquid every 7 d, growth promoting effects;
4. weeding: routinely except early, except little, except principle carry out at any time;
5. divide bed to transplant seedlings: after young sprout branches and leaves maturation, lifting transplants land for growing field crops or nutritious bag continues to be trained seedlings.
The above base manure is decomposed dung and fused calcium magnesium phosphate, executes decomposed dung 3000 kg, fused calcium magnesium phosphate 50 kg for every mu.
The above water-loss reducer gel adopts commercially available 80 ~ 100 order peace letter board water-loss reducers, drops in clear water at 1: 150 in mass ratio, jello obtained after abundant water absorption and swelling by water-loss reducer dry product.
The above rooting powder solution is the GGR6 root-inducing powder adopting the research and development of ABT center, Chinese forest-science academy, is mixed with 200 mg/L rooting powder solutions.
The nitrogen of the above composite fertilizer, phosphorus, potassium content are respectively 16 %, 16 %, 16 %, total nutrient >=48 %.
The above seedbed is that fired brick is built into, inner width 1 m, long 10 m, high 50 cm, and wall base portion reserves osculum every 2 m; Thick 15 ~ 20 cm of bottom paving 8 ~ 12 cm cobblestone, thick 10 cm of its upper berth 2.4 ~ 3.2 cm pebble, composition drainage layer, thick 15 cm of top layer paving cutting medium.
The composition of the above cutting medium and part by weight are that yellow soil 75 %+ perlite 25 % mixes together.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
(1) seedling quality is good: cuttage seeding inherits the excellent genes of elite stand, good stability, and individual difference is little, and root system comparatively seedling is flourishing, and growing way is vigorous, and transplant without seedling-slowing stage, survival rate is high.
(2) reproduction coefficient is high: owing to taking, low level cutting strunk is short to be sprouted and the technical measures such as time control water control is fertile, and fringe bar is many, and quality is good, and reproduction coefficient is high, suitable for industrial production.
(3) easily promote: material of the present invention is all local all or market purchasing; material is easy to get; with low cost, easy and simple to handle, easily popularize; for the fertile ox tree of Conservation and development; greening tor, improves the ecological environment, develops animal husbandry; provide a kind of nursery stock fast breeding technique, there is higher ecological benefits, Social benefit and economic benefit.
Embodiment
With embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail below, but they are not limitation of the invention.
Embodiment 1
Selection has a good transport service, irrigation and drainage are good, soil layer is deep, make cutting orchard with loosening fertile level land or gentle slope; Overall site preparation, two plough two rakes, use sufficient base manure, fine earth is raked, and picks up clean grass roots, has started furrow, wide 30 cm of pavement, dark 25 cm, furrow face width 120 cm, and length is determined according to landform; In in January, 2012 gather the age of tree 4 ~ 5 years, robust growth, wild nursery stocks without damage by disease and insect, every 20 strains are bundled into 1 bundle, and seedling root is immersed 8 ~ 10 s in water-loss reducer gel, taking-up plastic film is wrapped up, and transport ground, garden back; Planting density 50 cm × 50 cm, plant hole size and the degree of depth should slightly larger than seedling roots, before planting, first seedling root is immersed rooting powder solution and 8 ~ 10 s in the mud become, mention and can plant, apart from cm place, ground 15 ~ 20 secateurs truncation after planting, irrigate normal root water; Water 1 water every 5 d later, after Sprout period is branched out, topdressing in conjunction with watering, executing composite fertilizer's aqueous solution of 1 0.5 % every 15 d, depending on fringe bar growing state, and time control water control is fertile, in case the excessive growth of fringe bar; Put up a shed summer sunshade, pilespacing 5 ~ 6 m, apart from the high 2.5 m bracing wires in ground, covers the sunshade net sunshade of shading rate 70 % above; After adopting fringe, namely spray 50 % carbendazol wettable powder, 500 times of liquid, Incision infection prevention, remove the weeds on seedbed in time, open annular groove in tree crown periphery, sealing fertilizer 80 ~ 100 g/ strain, inspires shoot at every turn;
In morning on February 26th, 2013, the fringe bar that growth selection is healthy and strong, bud is full, cuts apart from female branch 0.5 cm place, the fringe bar after adopting neatly be positioned over a little clear water is housed basin in; With adopting process, every cuttings retains 2 ~ 4 full buds, long 8 ~ 10 cm, and upper end is apart from bud 1 cm place straight snips, and lower end is tiltedly cut apart from bud 0.5cm place, and only retain 2, top leaf, and cut off 1/3, all the other are all wiped out; Every 50 cuttings are bundled into 1 bundle, and aliging in lower end, vertically puts into 50 % carbendazol wettable powder, 500 times of liquid and be dipped into cuttings base portion 3 ~ 4 cm, take out and drain away the water after 13 ~ 15 min; Cuttings base portion after sterilization is immersed 2 h in the GGR6 rooting powder solution of 100 mg/L, takes out and get final product cuttage;
The 1 d liquor potassic permanganate spray matrix sterilization of 0.5 % before cuttage, first to drench matrix with clear water before cuttage, by seeding row spacing 3 cm × 10 cm, cuttings base portion is vertically inserted in matrix, the degree of depth 4 ~ 5 cm, notice during cuttage that cuttings leaf should arrange to same direction, in order to avoid mutually block, affect ventilation and penetrating light, normal root water of drenching after inserting; Then build Small plastic shed with bamboo chip, apart from bed surface high 50 ~ 60 cm, every 80 cm become arciform and insert 1 bamboo chip, above covered with plastic film, hang 1 Hygrothermograph in canopy, the plastic film fine earth compacting of shed surrounding, heat and moisture preserving; Keep temperature of shed 20 ~ 25 DEG C, relative moisture > 90 %, as temperature of shed > 30 DEG C, open the plastic film at shed two, aeration-cooling, during outdoor temperature > 28 DEG C, throw off plastic film, change the sunshade net of shading rate 70 % into; Before Callus formation, water in good time, keep blade face to have the globule, after Callus formation, suitably control water, only stromal surface need be kept moistening; Next day after inserting, spray 50 % carbendazol wettable powder, 500 times of liquid or 75 % tpn wetting powders, 800 times of liquid sterilizing disease preventions, spray 1 time again every 7 d, two kinds of medicines are used alternatingly, and avoid bacterial resistance occurred later; 20 d after cuttage, spray 0.2 % urea+0.3 % potassium dihydrogen phosphate mixotrophism liquid every 7 d, growth promoting effects; Timely weeding, gets final product lifting transplanting land for growing field crops after young sprout branches and leaves maturation or nutritious bag continues to be trained seedlings.
100 d after cuttage, randomly draw 50 cuttings, investigation rooting rate, and adopt the GGR6 rooting powder solution of 100 mg/L to soak cuttings 2 h, rooting rate reaches 76 %.
Embodiment 2
Selection has a good transport service, irrigation and drainage are good, soil layer is deep, make cutting orchard with loosening fertile level land or gentle slope; Overall site preparation, two plough two rakes, use sufficient base manure, fine earth is raked, and picks up clean grass roots, has started furrow, wide 30 cm of pavement, dark 25 cm, furrow face width 120 cm, and length is determined according to landform; Gather the age of tree in February, 2012 2 ~ 3 years, robust growth, wild nursery stocks without damage by disease and insect, every 20 strains are bundled into 1 bundle, and seedling root is immersed 5 ~ 10 s in water-loss reducer gel, taking-up plastic film is wrapped up, and transport ground, garden back; Planting density 50 cm × 50 cm, plant hole size and the degree of depth should slightly larger than seedling roots, before planting, first seedling root is immersed rooting powder solution and 5 ~ 7 s in the mud become, mention and can plant, apart from cm place, ground 15 ~ 18 secateurs truncation after planting, irrigate normal root water; Water 1 water every 7 d later, after Sprout period is branched out, topdressing in conjunction with watering, executing composite fertilizer's aqueous solution of 1 0.5 ~ 1.0 % every 15 d, depending on fringe bar growing state, and time control water control is fertile, in case the excessive growth of fringe bar; Put up a shed summer sunshade, pilespacing 5 ~ 6 m, apart from the high 2.5 m bracing wires in ground, covers the sunshade net sunshade of shading rate 70 % above; After adopting fringe, namely spray 50 % carbendazol wettable powder, 500 times of liquid, Incision infection prevention, remove the weeds on seedbed in time, open annular groove in tree crown periphery, sealing fertilizer 50 ~ 70 g/ strain, inspires shoot at every turn;
In morning on February 26th, 2013, the fringe bar that growth selection is healthy and strong, bud is full, cuts apart from female branch 0.5 cm place, the fringe bar after adopting neatly be positioned over a little clear water is housed basin in; With adopting process, every cuttings retains 2 ~ 4 full buds, long 8 ~ 10 cm, and upper end is apart from bud 1 cm place straight snips, and lower end is tiltedly cut apart from bud 0.5 cm place, and only retain 2, top leaf, and cut off 1/3, all the other are all wiped out; Every 50 cuttings are bundled into 1 bundle, and aliging in lower end, vertically puts into 50 % carbendazol wettable powder, 500 times of liquid and be dipped into cuttings base portion 3 ~ 4 cm, take out and drain away the water after 10 ~ 12 min; Cuttings base portion after sterilization is immersed 2 h in the GGR6 rooting powder solution of 200 mg/L, takes out and get final product cuttage;
The 1 d liquor potassic permanganate spray matrix sterilization of 0.5 % before cuttage, first to drench matrix with clear water before cuttage, by seeding row spacing 3 cm × 10 cm, cuttings base portion is vertically inserted in matrix, the degree of depth 4 ~ 5 cm, notice during cuttage that cuttings leaf should arrange to same direction, in order to avoid mutually block, affect ventilation and penetrating light, normal root water of drenching after inserting; Then build Small plastic shed with bamboo chip, apart from bed surface high 50 ~ 70 cm, every 80 cm become arciform and insert 1 bamboo chip, above covered with plastic film, hang 1 Hygrothermograph in canopy, the plastic film fine earth compacting of shed surrounding, heat and moisture preserving; Keep temperature of shed 20 ~ 25 DEG C, relative moisture > 90 %, as temperature of shed > 30 DEG C, open the plastic film at shed two, aeration-cooling, during outdoor temperature > 28 DEG C, throw off plastic film, change the sunshade net of shading rate 70 % into; Before Callus formation, water in good time, keep blade face to have the globule, after Callus formation, suitably control water, only stromal surface need be kept moistening; Next day after inserting, spray 50 % carbendazol wettable powder, 500 times of liquid or 75 % tpn wetting powders, 800 times of liquid sterilizing disease preventions, spray 1 time again every 7 d, two kinds of medicines are used alternatingly, and avoid bacterial resistance occurred later; 20 d after cuttage, spray 0.2 % urea+0.3 % potassium dihydrogen phosphate mixotrophism liquid every 7 d, growth promoting effects; Timely weeding, gets final product lifting transplanting land for growing field crops after young sprout branches and leaves maturation or nutritious bag continues to be trained seedlings.
100 d after cuttage, randomly draw 50 cuttings, investigation rooting rate, and adopt 200 mg/LGGR6 rooting powder solutions to soak cuttings 2 h, rooting rate reaches 88 %.
Embodiment 3
Selection has a good transport service, irrigation and drainage are good, soil layer is deep, make cutting orchard with loosening fertile level land or gentle slope; Overall site preparation, two plough two rakes, use sufficient base manure, fine earth is raked, and picks up clean grass roots, has started furrow, wide 30 cm of pavement, dark 25 cm, furrow face width 120 cm, and length is determined according to landform; Gather the age of tree in February, 2012 2 ~ 5 years, robust growth, wild nursery stocks without damage by disease and insect, every 20 strains are bundled into 1 bundle, and seedling root is immersed 7 ~ 8 s in water-loss reducer gel, taking-up plastic film is wrapped up, and transport ground, garden back; Planting density 50 cm × 50 cm, seedling root slightly larger than seedling root, before planting, first should be immersed rooting powder solution and 6 ~ 8 s in the mud become, mentions and can plant by plant hole size and the degree of depth, apart from cm place, ground 18 secateurs truncation after planting, irrigates normal root water; Water 1 water every 7 ~ 10 d later, after Sprout period is branched out, topdressing in conjunction with watering, executing composite fertilizer's aqueous solution of 1 0.5 ~ 1.0 % every 15 d, depending on fringe bar growing state, and time control water control is fertile, in case the excessive growth of fringe bar; Put up a shed summer sunshade, pilespacing 5 ~ 6 m, apart from the high 2.5 m bracing wires in ground, covers the sunshade net sunshade of shading rate 70 % above; After adopting fringe, namely spray 50 % carbendazol wettable powder, 500 times of liquid, Incision infection prevention, remove the weeds on seedbed in time, open annular groove in tree crown periphery, sealing fertilizer 60 ~ 70 g/ strain, inspires shoot at every turn;
In morning on February 26th, 2013, the fringe bar that growth selection is healthy and strong, bud is full, cuts apart from female branch 0.5 cm place, the fringe bar after adopting neatly be positioned over a little clear water is housed basin in; With adopting process, every cuttings retains 2 ~ 4 full buds, long 8 ~ 10 cm, and upper end is apart from bud 1 cm place straight snips, and lower end is tiltedly cut apart from bud 0.5 cm place, and only retain 2, top leaf, and cut off 1/3, all the other are all wiped out; Every 50 cuttings are bundled into 1 bundle, and aliging in lower end, vertically puts into 50 % carbendazol wettable powder, 500 times of liquid and be dipped into cuttings base portion 3 ~ 4 cm, take out and drain away the water after 10 ~ 12 min; Cuttings base portion after sterilization is immersed 2 h in the GGR6 rooting powder solution of 300 mg/L, takes out and get final product cuttage;
The 1 d liquor potassic permanganate spray matrix sterilization of 0.5 % before cuttage, first to drench matrix with clear water before cuttage, by seeding row spacing 3 cm × 10 cm, cuttings base portion is vertically inserted in matrix, the degree of depth 4 ~ 5 cm, notice during cuttage that cuttings leaf should arrange to same direction, in order to avoid mutually block, affect ventilation and penetrating light, normal root water of drenching after inserting; Then build Small plastic shed with bamboo chip, apart from bed surface high 50 ~ 70 cm, every 80 cm become arciform and insert 1 bamboo chip, above covered with plastic film, hang 1 Hygrothermograph in canopy, the plastic film fine earth compacting of shed surrounding, heat and moisture preserving; Keep temperature of shed 20 ~ 25 DEG C, relative moisture > 90 %, as temperature of shed > 30 DEG C, open the plastic film at shed two, aeration-cooling, during outdoor temperature > 28 DEG C, throw off plastic film, change the sunshade net of shading rate 70 % into; Before Callus formation, water in good time, keep blade face to have the globule, after Callus formation, suitably control water, only stromal surface need be kept moistening; Next day after inserting, spray 50 % carbendazol wettable powder, 500 times of liquid or 75 % tpn wetting powders, 800 times of liquid sterilizing disease preventions, spray 1 time again every 7 d, two kinds of medicines are used alternatingly, and avoid bacterial resistance occurred later; 20 d after cuttage, spray 0.2 % urea+0.3 % potassium dihydrogen phosphate mixotrophism liquid every 7 d, growth promoting effects; Timely weeding, gets final product lifting transplanting land for growing field crops after young sprout branches and leaves maturation or nutritious bag continues to be trained seedlings.
100 d after cuttage, randomly draw 50 cuttings, investigation rooting rate, and adopt 300 mg/L GGR6 rooting powder solutions to soak cuttings 2 h, rooting rate reaches 84 %.

Claims (7)

1. a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method, comprise cutting orchard construction, fringe bar Acquire and process, cuttage and manage operation after inserting, it is characterized in that: by gathering wild fertile ox sapling wood, cultivation domestication becomes scion-seed tree, then fringe bar is gathered, cuttage is in ready matrix, and after inserting, manage the fertile ox tree cuttage seedling wood of acquisition, its operating procedure is as follows:
(1) cutting orchard construction:
1. ground, garden is selected: selection has a good transport service, irrigation and drainage are good, soil layer is deep, make cutting orchard with loosening fertile level land or gentle slope;
2. wholely: overall site preparation, two plough two rakes, use sufficient base manure, fine earth is raked, and picks up clean grass roots, has started furrow, wide 30 cm of pavement, dark 25 cm, furrow face width 120 cm, and length is determined according to landform;
3. elite stand gathers: gather the age of tree 1 ~ February 2 ~ 5 years, robust growth, wild nursery stocks without damage by disease and insect, every 20 strains are bundled into 1 bundle, and seedling root is immersed 5 ~ 10 s in water-loss reducer gel, taking-up plastic film is wrapped up, with transporting garden back;
4. field planting: after nursery stock is transported back, plant immediately or put husky bed and heel in, planting density 50 cm × 50 cm, plant hole size and the degree of depth should be greater than seedling root; Before planting, first seedling root is immersed rooting powder solution and 5 ~ 10 s in the mud become, mention and can plant, apart from cm place, ground 15 ~ 20 secateurs truncation after planting, then irrigate normal root water;
5. elite stand tending management: after field planting, waters 1 water, after Sprout period is branched out every 5 ~ 10 d, topdressing in conjunction with watering, executing composite fertilizer's aqueous solution of 1 inferior quality concentration 0.5 ~ 1.0 % every 15 d, depending on fringe bar growing state, and time control water control is fertile, in case the excessive growth of fringe bar; Put up a shed summer sunshade, pilespacing 5 ~ 6 m, apart from the high 2.5 m bracing wires in ground, covers the sunshade net sunshade of shading rate 70 % above; After adopting fringe, the carbendazol wettable powder namely spraying mass concentration 50 % adds water the solution of 500 times, and Incision infection prevention, removes the weeds on seedbed in time, open annular groove in tree crown periphery, discharges conventional composite fertilizer 50 ~ 100 g/ strain used, inspires shoot at every turn;
(2) fringe bar Acquire and process:
1. adopt fringe: before sprouting with sprouting in spring, carry out when fine day or cloudy day morning 6: 00 ~ 9: 00, growth selection is healthy and strong, fringe bar that bud is full, cut apart from female branch 0.5 cm place, the fringe bar after adopting neatly be positioned over a little clear water is housed basin in;
2. fringe processed: the fringe bar adopted back is placed frescade, with adopting process, every cuttings retains 2 ~ 4 full buds, long 8 ~ 10 cm, upper end is apart from bud 1 cm place straight snips, and lower end is tiltedly cut apart from bud 0.5 cm place, only retain 2, top leaf, and cut off 1/3, all the other leaves are all wiped out;
3. sterilizing: every 50 cuttings are bundled into 1 bundle, aligns in lower end, vertically puts into mass concentration 50 % carbendazol wettable powder and to add water 500 times of solution, be dipped into cuttings base portion 3 ~ 4 cm, takes out and drain away the water after 10 ~ 15 min;
4. HORMONE TREATMENT: the cuttings base portion after sterilization is immersed 2 h in the rooting powder solution prepared in advance, takes out and gets final product cuttage;
(3) cuttage:
1. matrix treatments: the cuttage first 1 day spray of the liquor potassic permanganate with mass concentration 0.5 % cutting medium sterilization, then covered with plastic film, reduces external interference;
2. cottage method: first with clear water, seedbed cutting medium is drenched before cuttage, by seeding row spacing 3 cm × 10 cm, cuttings base portion is vertically inserted in cutting medium, the cuttage degree of depth 4 ~ 5 cm, notice during cuttage that cuttings leaf should arrange to same direction, in order to avoid mutually block, affect ventilation and penetrating light, normal root water of drenching after inserting;
3. to put up a shed insulation: build Small plastic shed with bamboo chip, apart from high 50 ~ 70 cm of bed surface, every 80 cm arrange arciform bamboo chip, above covered with plastic film, in shed, Hygrothermograph is set, the plastic film fine earth compacting of shed surrounding, heat and moisture preserving;
(4) management after inserting:
1. water management: note the temperature and humidity in observation, regulation and control arch canopy after cuttage, keep arch temperature of shed 20 ~ 25 DEG C, relative moisture > 90 %, when encircleing temperature of shed > 30 DEG C, open the plastic film at shed two, aeration-cooling, during outdoor temperature > 28 DEG C, throw off plastic film, change the sunshade net of shading rate 70 % into; Before Callus formation, water in good time, keep blade face to have the globule, after Callus formation, suitably control water, only need keep cutting medium surface wettability;
2. sterilizing disease prevention: next day after cuttage, the add water solution of 500 times or 75 % tpn wetting powders of the carbendazol wettable powder spraying mass concentration 50 % add water 800 times of solution sterilization diseases preventions, spray 1 time again every 7 d, two kinds of medicines are used alternatingly, and avoid bacterial resistance occurred later;
3. top dressing: after cuttage 20 d, sprays mass concentration 0.2 % urea+0.3 % potassium dihydrogen phosphate mixotrophism liquid every 7 d, growth promoting effects;
4. weeding: routinely except early, except little, except principle carry out at any time;
5. divide bed to transplant seedlings: after young sprout branches and leaves maturation, lifting transplants land for growing field crops or nutritious bag continues to be trained seedlings.
2. a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described base manure is decomposed dung and fused calcium magnesium phosphate, executes decomposed dung 3000 kg, fused calcium magnesium phosphate 50 kg for every mu.
3. a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described water-loss reducer gel adopts commercially available 80 ~ 100 order peace letter board water-loss reducers, 1: 150 water-loss reducer dry product is dropped in clear water in mass ratio, jello obtained after abundant water absorption and swelling.
4. a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rooting powder solution is the GGR6 root-inducing powder adopting the research and development of ABT center, Chinese forest-science academy, is mixed with 200 mg/L rooting powder solutions.
5. a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the nitrogen of described composite fertilizer, phosphorus, potassium content are respectively 16 %, 16 %, 16 %, total nutrient >=48 %.
6. a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described seedbed is that fired brick is built into, inner width 1 m, long 10 m, high 50 cm, wall base portion reserves osculum every 2 m; Thick 15 ~ 20 cm of bottom paving 8 ~ 12 cm cobblestone, thick 10 cm of its upper berth 2.4 ~ 3.2 cm pebble, composition drainage layer, thick 15 cm of top layer paving cutting medium.
7. a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the composition of described cutting medium and part by weight are that yellow soil 75 %+ perlite 25 % mixes together.
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