CN103918459A - Method for cutting propagation of cephalomappa sinensis - Google Patents

Method for cutting propagation of cephalomappa sinensis Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103918459A
CN103918459A CN201410170401.1A CN201410170401A CN103918459A CN 103918459 A CN103918459 A CN 103918459A CN 201410170401 A CN201410170401 A CN 201410170401A CN 103918459 A CN103918459 A CN 103918459A
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water
cuttage
cutting
tree
shed
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CN103918459B (en
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庞世龙
申文辉
侯远瑞
黄小荣
郝海坤
彭玉华
李文付
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for cutting propagation of cephalomappa sinensis. The method comprises the steps of construction of a cutting orchard, scion wood collection and treatment, cutting and management after cutting and is characterized in that wild nursery stocks which are two-year old to five-year old, grow healthily and are free of plant diseases and insect pests are collected in January and February, planted and cultivated to stock plants; the scion wood is collected, cut and planted in a prepared medium; the cephalomappa sinensis cutting nursery stocks are obtained through management after cutting is conducted. The quality of the nursery stocks is good, the individual difference is not large, stability is good, the roots are stronger than that of seedlings, growth is vigorous, the seedling survival stage of transplantation is omitted, the survival rate is high, the propagation coefficient is high, the method is suitable for industrial production, low in cost, easy and convenient to operate and easy to popularize, a rapid nursery stock propagation technology is provided for protection and development of the cephalomappa sinensis, afforestation of rock mountains and the improvement in the ecological environment and animal husbandry, and the method has high ecological benefits, social benefits and economic benefits.

Description

One seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of plant growing technology, relate to a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method.
Background technology
Fertile Niu Shu ﹝ cephalomappa sinensis(Chun et How) Kosterm. ﹞ has another name called miaow hard (strong language), belongs to the evergreen megaphanerophyte of Euphorbiaceae Cephalomappa, and the height of tree can reach 35 m, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground 1.5 m, and Yin Qiye raises ox, can make ox stout and strong and gain the name.In the karst mountain area evergreen broad-leaved forest of natural distribution below Southwestern Kwangsi, China height above sea level 500 m, being that Guangxi Karst Region forest is mainly built one of group seeds, is Guangxi endemic species, and state three level protecting plant, has higher learning value.
Fertile ox leaf is plump, micro-sweet, and nutriment is abundant, good palatability, and ox, sheep happiness food, be Chinese these feeding seeds of peculiar precious wood.According to one's analysis, fertile ox leaf dry matter gross protein value 14.91 %, crude fat content 3.73 %, crude fiber content 20.04 %, nitrogen free extract content 42.26 %, phosphorus content 0.23 %, calcium content 1.56 %, gross energy 3.96 thermies/kg, its nutrient component is much better than corn and straw.Tuo Kan township, Tiandeng County, Guangxi peasant once did overtesting, if all adopt fertile ox to set fresh leaf, feed farm cattle, average every 7.8 kg that monthly increase weight, and adopt fertile ox to set fresh leaf and each 50 % mixed feedings of green grass, average every only 4.9 kg that monthly increase weight, both differences are extremely remarkable.Except feeding, fertile ox tree well developed root system can penetrate growth between rock crevice, is the important species of karst Rocky Desertification Control, water and soil conservation and water conservation; Its wood structure is tight, and material is hard, is the high-quality materials such as furniture, building, mechanical industry and cabinetmaking goods; Seed is rich in grease, can extract oil.The fertile ox woods are herded dual-purpose, and purposes is extremely wide, has higher ecological benefits, Social benefit and economic benefit.The fertile ox tree of Conservation and development, had both afforested tor, improved the ecological environment, and produced again a large amount of green fodders, developed animal husbandry, and benefited the nation and the people, and had a extensive future.
Because fertile ox tree fruit is ripe, easily come off, birds and beasts happiness food, more difficult collection, the producing region masses mostly are and take wild nursery stock transplanting, and quantity is few, of poor quality, and seedling problem is perplexing the development of fertile ox tree industry always.How to realize fertile ox tree breeding numerous soon, become prior art difficult point urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for fertile ox tree sexual propagation difficulty, provide a kind of fertile ox simple, that reproduction speed is fast, reproduction coefficient is high, with low cost to set cuttage breeding method.
The present invention is achieved in that
One seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method, comprise cutting orchard construction, the collection of fringe bar and processing, cuttage and insert the operations such as rear management, it is characterized in that: by gathering wild fertile ox sapling wood, cultivation domestication becomes scion-seed tree, then gather fringe bar, cuttage, in ready matrix, obtains fertile ox tree cuttage seedling wood by management after inserting, and its operating procedure is as follows:
(1) cutting orchard construction:
1. ground, garden is selected: selection has a good transport service, irrigation and drainage are good, soil layer is deep, loosen fertile level land or gentle slope makes cutting orchard;
2. wholely: entirely cultivate whole ground, two plough two rakes, use sufficient base manure, and fine earth is raked, and picks up clean grass roots, has started furrow, wide 30 cm of pavement, dark 25 cm, furrow face width 120 cm, length is determined according to landform;
3. elite stand gathers: in 1~February gather the age of tree 2~5 years, robust growth, without the wild nursery stock of damage by disease and insect, every 20 strains are bundled into 1 bundle, and seedling root is immersed to 5~10 s in water-loss reducer gel, plastic film wrapping for taking out, transports ground, garden back;
4. field planting: after nursery stock is transported back, plant immediately or put husky bed and heel in, planting density 50 cm * 50 cm, plant hole size should be greater than seedling root with the degree of depth; Before planting, first seedling root is immersed to rooting powder solution and 5~10 s in the mud becoming, mentions and can plant, after cultivation apart from ground 15~20 cm place secateurs truncations, then irrigate normal root water;
5. elite stand tending management: after field planting, water water 1 time every 5~10 d, after Sprout period is branched out, in conjunction with watering, topdress, every 15 d, execute composite fertilizer's aqueous solution of 1 concentration 0.5~1.0 %, depending on fringe bar growing state, and time control water control is fertile, in case the excessive growth of fringe bar; The sunshade of puing up a shed summer, pilespacing 5~6 m, apart from ground, high 2.5 m bracing wires, cover the sunshade net sunshade of shading rate 70 % above; Adopt after fringe, the carbendazol wettable powder that sprays mass concentration 50 % adds the solution of 500 times, water at every turn, and Incision infection prevention, removes the weeds on seedbed in time, in tree crown periphery, opens annular groove, discharges conventional composite fertilizer's 50~100 g/ strains of using, inspires shoot;
(2) fringe bar gathers and processes:
1. adopt fringe: before spring, sprouting sprouted, fine day or 6: 00~9: 00 o'clock morning of cloudy day carry out, and select robust growth, the full fringe bar of bud, and a 0.5 cm place cuts apart from female branch, and the fringe bar after adopting is neatly positioned in the basin that a little clear water is housed;
2. fringe processed: the fringe bar of adopting is back placed to frescade, and with adopting processing, every cuttings retains 2~4 full buds, long 8~10 cm, upper end is apart from bud 1 cm place straight snips, and tiltedly cut apart from bud 0.5 cm place lower end, only retain 2, top leaf, and cut off 1/3, all the other leaves are all wiped out;
3. sterilization: every 50 cuttings are bundled into 1 bundle, lower end alignment, vertically puts into mass concentration 50 % carbendazol wettable powders and adds 500 times of solution of water, is dipped into cuttings base portion 3~4 cm, after 10~15 min, takes out and drains away the water;
4. HORMONE TREATMENT: the cuttings base portion after sterilization is immersed to 2 h in the rooting powder solution preparing in advance, take out and get final product cuttage;
(3) cuttage:
1. matrix treatments: the liquor potassic permanganate spray cutting medium sterilization of mass concentration 0.5 % for front 1 d of cuttage, then covered with plastic film, reduces external interference;
2. cottage method: first with clear water, seedbed cutting medium is drenched before cuttage, by seeding row spacing, 3 cm * 10 cm vertically insert in cutting medium by cuttings base portion, the cuttage degree of depth 4~5 cm, during cuttage, notice that cuttings leaf should be to same direction arrangement, in order to avoid mutually block, affect ventilation and penetrating light, the normal root water of drenching after inserting;
3. scaffolding insulation: build little shed with bamboo chip, apart from high 50~70 cm of bed surface, every 80 cm arrange arciform bamboo chip, above covered with plastic film, Hygrothermograph is set, the fine earth compacting of the plastic film of shed surrounding, heat and moisture preserving in shed;
(4) insert rear management:
1. water management: note observing, regulating and controlling the temperature and humidity in arch canopy after cuttage, keep 20~25 ℃ of arch temperature of shed, relative moisture > 90 %, when 30 ℃ of arch temperature of shed >, open the plastic film at shed two, aeration-cooling, during 28 ℃ of outdoor temperature >, throw off plastic film, change the sunshade net of shading rate 70 % into; Before callus forms, water in good time, keep blade face to have the globule, after callus forms, suitably control water, only need to keep cutting medium surface wettability;
2. sterilizing disease prevention: next day after cuttage, solution or 75 % tpn wetting powders that the carbendazol wettable powder that sprays mass concentration 50 % adds 500 times, water add 800 times of solution sterilization diseases preventions of water, every 7 d, spray again 1 time, two kinds of medicines are used alternatingly, and avoid bacterium to develop immunity to drugs later;
3. top dressing: after cuttage 20 d, spray mass concentration 0.2 % urea+0.3 % potassium dihydrogen phosphate mixotrophism liquid every 7 d, promote growth;
4. weeding: routinely except early, except little, except principle carry out at any time;
5. divide bed to transplant seedlings: after young sprout branches and leaves maturation, lifting is transplanted land for growing field crops or nutritious bag continues to cultivate into seedlings.
The above base manure is decomposed dung and fused calcium magnesium phosphate, executes decomposed dung 3000 kg, fused calcium magnesium phosphate 50 kg for every mu.
The above water-loss reducer gel is to adopt commercially available 80~100 order peace letter board water-loss reducers, water-loss reducer dry product is dropped in clear water in 1: 150 in mass ratio to the jello fully making after water absorption and swelling.
The above rooting powder solution is the GGR6 root-inducing powder that adopts the research and development of ABT center, Chinese forest-science academy, is mixed with 200 mg/L rooting powder solutions.
The nitrogen of the above composite fertilizer, phosphorus, potassium content are respectively 16 %, 16 %, 16 %, total nutrient >=48 %.
The above seedbed is that fired brick is built into, inner width 1 m, and long 10 m, high 50 cm, wall base portion is every the reserved osculum of 2 m; Thick 15~20 cm of bottom paving 8~12 cm cobblestone, thick 10 cm of its upper berth 2.4~3.2 cm pebble, form drainage layer, thick 15 cm of top layer paving cutting medium.
The composition of the above cutting medium and part by weight are that yellow soil 75 %+ perlite 25 % mix together.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
(1) seedling quality is good: cuttage seeding has been inherited the excellent genes of elite stand, good stability, and individual difference is little, and root system is flourishing compared with seedling, and growing way is vigorous, transplants without seedling-slowing stage, and survival rate is high.
(2) reproduction coefficient is high: owing to taking, low level cutting strunk is short to be sprouted and the technical measures such as time control water control fertilizer, and fringe bar is many, and quality is good, and reproduction coefficient is high, suitable for industrial production.
(3) easily promote: material of the present invention is all local all or market purchasing; material is easy to get; with low cost, easy and simple to handle, easily popularize; for the fertile ox tree of Conservation and development; greening tor, improves the ecological environment, and develops animal husbandry; a kind of nursery stock fast breeding technique is provided, has there is higher ecological benefits, Social benefit and economic benefit.
Embodiment
With embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail below, but they are not limitation of the invention.
Embodiment 1
Selection has a good transport service, irrigation and drainage are good, soil layer is deep, loosen fertile level land or gentle slope makes cutting orchard; Entirely cultivate whole ground, two plough two rakes, use sufficient base manure, and fine earth is raked, and picks up clean grass roots, has started furrow, wide 30 cm of pavement, and dark 25 cm, furrow face width 120 cm, length is determined according to landform; In in January, 2012 gather the age of tree 4~5 years, robust growth, without the wild nursery stock of damage by disease and insect, every 20 strains are bundled into 1 bundle, and seedling root is immersed to 8~10 s in water-loss reducer gel, plastic film wrapping for taking out, transports ground, garden back; Planting density 50 cm * 50 cm, plant hole size should be slightly larger than seedling root with the degree of depth, before planting, first seedling root is immersed to rooting powder solution and 8~10 s in the mud becoming, mention and can plant, after cultivation apart from ground 15~20 cm place secateurs truncations, irrigate normal root water; Every 5 d, water water 1 time later, after Sprout period is branched out, in conjunction with watering, topdress, execute composite fertilizer's aqueous solution of 1 0.5 % every 15 d, depending on fringe bar growing state, and time control water control is fertile, in case the excessive growth of fringe bar; The sunshade of puing up a shed summer, pilespacing 5~6 m, apart from ground, high 2.5 m bracing wires, cover the sunshade net sunshade of shading rate 70 % above; Adopt after fringe at every turn, spray 500 times of liquid of 50 % carbendazol wettable powder, Incision infection prevention, removes the weeds on seedbed in time, in tree crown periphery, opens annular groove, and sealing fertilizer 80~100 g/ strains, inspire shoot;
Morning on February 26th, 2013, select robust growth, the full fringe bar of bud, apart from female branch, 0.5 cm place cuts, and the fringe bar after adopting is neatly positioned in the basin that a little clear water is housed; With adopting processing, every cuttings retains 2~4 full buds, long 8~10 cm, and upper end is apart from bud 1 cm place straight snips, and tiltedly cut apart from bud 0.5cm place lower end, only retains 2, top leaf, and cut off 1/3, and all the other are all wiped out; Every 50 cuttings are bundled into 1 bundle, and lower end alignment, vertically puts into 500 times of liquid of 50 % carbendazol wettable powder and be dipped into cuttings base portion 3~4 cm, after 13~15 min, takes out and drains away the water; Cuttings base portion after sterilization is immersed to 2 h in the GGR6 rooting powder solution of 100 mg/L, take out and get final product cuttage;
The liquor potassic permanganate spray matrix sterilization of 0.5 % for front 1 d of cuttage, before cuttage first by the clear water matrix of drenching, by seeding row spacing, 3 cm * 10 cm vertically insert in matrix by cuttings base portion, the degree of depth 4~5 cm, during cuttage, notice that cuttings leaf should be to same direction arrangement, in order to avoid mutually block, affect ventilation and penetrating light, the normal root water of drenching after inserting; Then with bamboo chip, build little shed, apart from high 50~60 cm of bed surface, every 80 cm become arciform 1 bamboo chip of inserting, above covered with plastic film, in canopy, hang 1 Hygrothermograph, the fine earth compacting of the plastic film of shed surrounding, heat and moisture preserving; Keep temperature of shed 20~2 5 ℃, relative moisture > 90 %, when 30 ℃ of temperature of shed >, open the plastic film at shed two, aeration-cooling, during 28 ℃ of outdoor temperature >, throw off plastic film, change the sunshade net of shading rate 70 % into; Before callus forms, water in good time, keep blade face to have the globule, after callus forms, suitably control water, only need to keep stromal surface moistening; Next day after inserting, spray 500 times of liquid of 50 % carbendazol wettable powder or 800 times of liquid sterilizing disease preventions of 75 % tpn wetting powders spray 1 time every 7 d later again, and two kinds of medicines are used alternatingly, and avoid bacterium to develop immunity to drugs; 20 d after cuttage, spray 0.2 % urea+0.3 % potassium dihydrogen phosphate mixotrophism liquid every 7 d, promote growth; Weeding in time gets final product lifting transplanting land for growing field crops or nutritious bag and continues to cultivate into seedlings after young sprout branches and leaves maturation.
100 d after cuttage, randomly draw 50 cuttings, and investigation rooting rate adopts the GGR6 rooting powder solution of 100 mg/L to soak cuttings 2 h, and rooting rate reaches 76 %.
Embodiment 2
Selection has a good transport service, irrigation and drainage are good, soil layer is deep, loosen fertile level land or gentle slope makes cutting orchard; Entirely cultivate whole ground, two plough two rakes, use sufficient base manure, and fine earth is raked, and picks up clean grass roots, has started furrow, wide 30 cm of pavement, and dark 25 cm, furrow face width 120 cm, length is determined according to landform; Gather the age of tree in February, 2012 2~3 years, robust growth, without the wild nursery stock of damage by disease and insect, every 20 strains are bundled into 1 bundle, and seedling root is immersed to 5~10 s in water-loss reducer gel, plastic film wrapping for taking out, transports ground, garden back; Planting density 50 cm * 50 cm, plant hole size should be slightly larger than seedling root with the degree of depth, before planting, first seedling root is immersed to rooting powder solution and 5~7 s in the mud becoming, mention and can plant, after cultivation apart from ground 15~18 cm place secateurs truncations, irrigate normal root water; Every 7 d, water water 1 time later, after Sprout period is branched out, in conjunction with watering, topdress, execute composite fertilizer's aqueous solution of 1 0.5~1.0 % every 15 d, depending on fringe bar growing state, and time control water control is fertile, in case the excessive growth of fringe bar; The sunshade of puing up a shed summer, pilespacing 5~6 m, apart from ground, high 2.5 m bracing wires, cover the sunshade net sunshade of shading rate 70 % above; Adopt after fringe at every turn, spray 500 times of liquid of 50 % carbendazol wettable powder, Incision infection prevention, removes the weeds on seedbed in time, in tree crown periphery, opens annular groove, and sealing fertilizer 50~70 g/ strains, inspire shoot;
Morning on February 26th, 2013, select robust growth, the full fringe bar of bud, apart from female branch, 0.5 cm place cuts, and the fringe bar after adopting is neatly positioned in the basin that a little clear water is housed; With adopting processing, every cuttings retains 2~4 full buds, long 8~10 cm, and upper end is apart from bud 1 cm place straight snips, and tiltedly cut apart from bud 0.5 cm place lower end, only retains 2, top leaf, and cut off 1/3, and all the other are all wiped out; Every 50 cuttings are bundled into 1 bundle, and lower end alignment, vertically puts into 500 times of liquid of 50 % carbendazol wettable powder and be dipped into cuttings base portion 3~4 cm, after 10~12 min, takes out and drains away the water; Cuttings base portion after sterilization is immersed to 2 h in the GGR6 rooting powder solution of 200 mg/L, take out and get final product cuttage;
The liquor potassic permanganate spray matrix sterilization of 0.5 % for front 1 d of cuttage, before cuttage first by the clear water matrix of drenching, by seeding row spacing, 3 cm * 10 cm vertically insert in matrix by cuttings base portion, the degree of depth 4~5 cm, during cuttage, notice that cuttings leaf should be to same direction arrangement, in order to avoid mutually block, affect ventilation and penetrating light, the normal root water of drenching after inserting; Then with bamboo chip, build little shed, apart from high 50~70 cm of bed surface, every 80 cm become arciform 1 bamboo chip of inserting, above covered with plastic film, in canopy, hang 1 Hygrothermograph, the fine earth compacting of the plastic film of shed surrounding, heat and moisture preserving; Keep 20~25 ℃ of temperature of shed, relative moisture > 90 %, when 30 ℃ of temperature of shed >, open the plastic film at shed two, aeration-cooling, during 28 ℃ of outdoor temperature >, throw off plastic film, change the sunshade net of shading rate 70 % into; Before callus forms, water in good time, keep blade face to have the globule, after callus forms, suitably control water, only need to keep stromal surface moistening; Next day after inserting, spray 500 times of liquid of 50 % carbendazol wettable powder or 800 times of liquid sterilizing disease preventions of 75 % tpn wetting powders spray 1 time every 7 d later again, and two kinds of medicines are used alternatingly, and avoid bacterium to develop immunity to drugs; 20 d after cuttage, spray 0.2 % urea+0.3 % potassium dihydrogen phosphate mixotrophism liquid every 7 d, promote growth; Weeding in time gets final product lifting transplanting land for growing field crops or nutritious bag and continues to cultivate into seedlings after young sprout branches and leaves maturation.
100 d after cuttage, randomly draw 50 cuttings, and investigation rooting rate adopts 200 mg/LGGR6 rooting powder solutions to soak cuttings 2 h, and rooting rate reaches 88 %.
Embodiment 3
Selection has a good transport service, irrigation and drainage are good, soil layer is deep, loosen fertile level land or gentle slope makes cutting orchard; Entirely cultivate whole ground, two plough two rakes, use sufficient base manure, and fine earth is raked, and picks up clean grass roots, has started furrow, wide 30 cm of pavement, and dark 25 cm, furrow face width 120 cm, length is determined according to landform; Gather the age of tree in February, 2012 2~5 years, robust growth, without the wild nursery stock of damage by disease and insect, every 20 strains are bundled into 1 bundle, and seedling root is immersed to 7~8 s in water-loss reducer gel, plastic film wrapping for taking out, transports ground, garden back; Planting density 50 cm * 50 cm, plant hole size should be slightly larger than seedling root with the degree of depth, before planting, first seedling root is immersed to rooting powder solution and 6~8 s in the mud becoming, mention and can plant, after cultivation apart from ground 18 cm place secateurs truncations, irrigate normal root water; Every 7~10 d, water water 1 time later, after Sprout period is branched out, in conjunction with watering, topdress, execute composite fertilizer's aqueous solution of 1 0.5~1.0 % every 15 d, depending on fringe bar growing state, and time control water control is fertile, in case the excessive growth of fringe bar; The sunshade of puing up a shed summer, pilespacing 5~6 m, apart from ground, high 2.5 m bracing wires, cover the sunshade net sunshade of shading rate 70 % above; Adopt after fringe at every turn, spray 500 times of liquid of 50 % carbendazol wettable powder, Incision infection prevention, removes the weeds on seedbed in time, in tree crown periphery, opens annular groove, and sealing fertilizer 60~70 g/ strains, inspire shoot;
Morning on February 26th, 2013, select robust growth, the full fringe bar of bud, apart from female branch, 0.5 cm place cuts, and the fringe bar after adopting is neatly positioned in the basin that a little clear water is housed; With adopting processing, every cuttings retains 2~4 full buds, long 8~10 cm, and upper end is apart from bud 1 cm place straight snips, and tiltedly cut apart from bud 0.5 cm place lower end, only retains 2, top leaf, and cut off 1/3, and all the other are all wiped out; Every 50 cuttings are bundled into 1 bundle, and lower end alignment, vertically puts into 500 times of liquid of 50 % carbendazol wettable powder and be dipped into cuttings base portion 3~4 cm, after 10~12 min, takes out and drains away the water; Cuttings base portion after sterilization is immersed to 2 h in the GGR6 rooting powder solution of 300 mg/L, take out and get final product cuttage;
The liquor potassic permanganate spray matrix sterilization of 0.5 % for front 1 d of cuttage, before cuttage first by the clear water matrix of drenching, by seeding row spacing, 3 cm * 10 cm vertically insert in matrix by cuttings base portion, the degree of depth 4~5 cm, during cuttage, notice that cuttings leaf should be to same direction arrangement, in order to avoid mutually block, affect ventilation and penetrating light, the normal root water of drenching after inserting; Then with bamboo chip, build little shed, apart from high 50~70 cm of bed surface, every 80 cm become arciform 1 bamboo chip of inserting, above covered with plastic film, in canopy, hang 1 Hygrothermograph, the fine earth compacting of the plastic film of shed surrounding, heat and moisture preserving; Keep 20~25 ℃ of temperature of shed, relative moisture > 90 %, when 30 ℃ of temperature of shed >, open the plastic film at shed two, aeration-cooling, during 28 ℃ of outdoor temperature >, throw off plastic film, change the sunshade net of shading rate 70 % into; Before callus forms, water in good time, keep blade face to have the globule, after callus forms, suitably control water, only need to keep stromal surface moistening; Next day after inserting, spray 500 times of liquid of 50 % carbendazol wettable powder or 800 times of liquid sterilizing disease preventions of 75 % tpn wetting powders spray 1 time every 7 d later again, and two kinds of medicines are used alternatingly, and avoid bacterium to develop immunity to drugs; 20 d after cuttage, spray 0.2 % urea+0.3 % potassium dihydrogen phosphate mixotrophism liquid every 7 d, promote growth; Weeding in time gets final product lifting transplanting land for growing field crops or nutritious bag and continues to cultivate into seedlings after young sprout branches and leaves maturation.
100 d after cuttage, randomly draw 50 cuttings, and investigation rooting rate adopts 300 mg/L GGR6 rooting powder solutions to soak cuttings 2 h, and rooting rate reaches 84 %.

Claims (7)

1. a seed manure ox is set cuttage breeding method, comprise cutting orchard construction, the collection of fringe bar and processing, cuttage and insert the operations such as rear management, it is characterized in that: by gathering wild fertile ox sapling wood, cultivation domestication becomes scion-seed tree, then gather fringe bar, cuttage, in ready matrix, obtains fertile ox tree cuttage seedling wood by management after inserting, and its operating procedure is as follows:
(1) cutting orchard construction:
1. ground, garden is selected: selection has a good transport service, irrigation and drainage are good, soil layer is deep, loosen fertile level land or gentle slope makes cutting orchard;
2. wholely: entirely cultivate whole ground, two plough two rakes, use sufficient base manure, and fine earth is raked, and picks up clean grass roots, has started furrow, wide 30 cm of pavement, dark 25 cm, furrow face width 120 cm, length is determined according to landform;
3. elite stand gathers: gather the age of tree 1~February 2~5 years, robust growth, without the wild nursery stock of damage by disease and insect, and every 20 strains are bundled into 1 bundle, and seedling root is immersed to 5~10 s in water-loss reducer gel, and plastic film wrapping for taking out, transports ground, garden back;
4. field planting: after nursery stock is transported back, plant immediately or put husky bed and heel in, planting density 50 cm * 50 cm, plant hole size should be greater than seedling root with the degree of depth; Before planting, first seedling root is immersed to rooting powder solution and 5~10 s in the mud becoming, mentions and can plant, after cultivation apart from ground 15~20 cm place secateurs truncations, then irrigate normal root water;
5. elite stand tending management: after field planting, water water 1 time every 5~10 d, after Sprout period is branched out, in conjunction with watering, topdress, every 15 d, execute composite fertilizer's aqueous solution of 1 inferior quality concentration 0.5~1.0 %, depending on fringe bar growing state, and time control water control is fertile, in case the excessive growth of fringe bar; The sunshade of puing up a shed summer, pilespacing 5~6 m, apart from ground, high 2.5 m bracing wires, cover the sunshade net sunshade of shading rate 70 % above; Adopt after fringe, the carbendazol wettable powder that sprays mass concentration 50 % adds the solution of 500 times, water at every turn, and Incision infection prevention, removes the weeds on seedbed in time, in tree crown periphery, opens annular groove, discharges conventional composite fertilizer's 50~100 g/ strains of using, inspires shoot;
(2) fringe bar gathers and processes:
1. adopt fringe: before spring, sprouting sprouted, fine day or 6: 00~9: 00 o'clock morning of cloudy day carry out, and select robust growth, the full fringe bar of bud, and a 0.5 cm place cuts apart from female branch, and the fringe bar after adopting is neatly positioned in the basin that a little clear water is housed;
2. fringe processed: the fringe bar of adopting is back placed to frescade, and with adopting processing, every cuttings retains 2~4 full buds, long 8~10 cm, upper end is apart from bud 1 cm place straight snips, and tiltedly cut apart from bud 0.5 cm place lower end, only retain 2, top leaf, and cut off 1/3, all the other leaves are all wiped out;
3. sterilization: every 50 cuttings are bundled into 1 bundle, lower end alignment, vertically puts into mass concentration 50 % carbendazol wettable powders and adds 500 times of solution of water, is dipped into cuttings base portion 3~4 cm, after 10~15 min, takes out and drains away the water;
4. HORMONE TREATMENT: the cuttings base portion after sterilization is immersed to 2 h in the rooting powder solution preparing in advance, take out and get final product cuttage;
(3) cuttage:
1. matrix treatments: the sterilization of the first 1 day spray of the liquor potassic permanganate with mass concentration 0.5 % cutting medium of cuttage, then covered with plastic film, reduces external interference;
2. cottage method: first with clear water, seedbed cutting medium is drenched before cuttage, by seeding row spacing, 3 cm * 10 cm vertically insert in cutting medium by cuttings base portion, the cuttage degree of depth 4~5 cm, during cuttage, notice that cuttings leaf should be to same direction arrangement, in order to avoid mutually block, affect ventilation and penetrating light, the normal root water of drenching after inserting;
3. scaffolding insulation: build little shed with bamboo chip, apart from high 50~70 cm of bed surface, every 80 cm arrange arciform bamboo chip, above covered with plastic film, Hygrothermograph is set, the fine earth compacting of the plastic film of shed surrounding, heat and moisture preserving in shed;
(4) insert rear management:
1. water management: note observing, regulating and controlling the temperature and humidity in arch canopy after cuttage, keep 20~25 ℃ of arch temperature of shed, relative moisture > 90 %, when 30 ℃ of arch temperature of shed >, open the plastic film at shed two, aeration-cooling, during 28 ℃ of outdoor temperature >, throw off plastic film, change the sunshade net of shading rate 70 % into; Before callus forms, water in good time, keep blade face to have the globule, after callus forms, suitably control water, only need to keep cutting medium surface wettability;
2. sterilizing disease prevention: next day after cuttage, solution or 75 % tpn wetting powders that the carbendazol wettable powder that sprays mass concentration 50 % adds 500 times, water add 800 times of solution sterilization diseases preventions of water, every 7 d, spray again 1 time, two kinds of medicines are used alternatingly, and avoid bacterium to develop immunity to drugs later;
3. top dressing: after cuttage 20 d, spray mass concentration 0.2 % urea+0.3 % potassium dihydrogen phosphate mixotrophism liquid every 7 d, promote growth;
4. weeding: routinely except early, except little, except principle carry out at any time;
5. divide bed to transplant seedlings: after young sprout branches and leaves maturation, lifting is transplanted land for growing field crops or nutritious bag continues to cultivate into seedlings.
2. a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described base manure is decomposed dung and fused calcium magnesium phosphate, executes decomposed dung 3000 kg, fused calcium magnesium phosphate 50 kg for every mu.
3. a seed manure ox according to claim 1 is set cuttage breeding method, it is characterized in that: described water-loss reducer gel is to adopt commercially available 80~100 order peace letter board water-loss reducers, water-loss reducer dry product was dropped in clear water in 1: 150 in mass ratio to the jello fully making after water absorption and swelling.
4. a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rooting powder solution is the GGR6 root-inducing powder that adopts the research and development of ABT center, Chinese forest-science academy, is mixed with 200 mg/L rooting powder solutions.
5. a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the nitrogen of described composite fertilizer, phosphorus, potassium content are respectively 16 %, 16 %, 16 %, total nutrient >=48 %.
6. a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described seedbed is that fired brick is built into, inner width 1 m, and long 10 m, high 50 cm, wall base portion is every the reserved osculum of 2m; Thick 15~20 cm of bottom paving 8~12 cm cobblestone, thick 10 cm of its upper berth 2.4~3.2 cm pebble, form drainage layer, thick 15 cm of top layer paving cutting medium.
7. a seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the composition of described cutting medium and part by weight are that yellow soil 75 %+ perlite 25 % mix together.
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CN104756746A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-07-08 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Buerretiodendron hsienmu high yield and high quality cutting slip cultivating method
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CN105052449A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-18 福建柘参种业有限公司 Method for remarkably increasing survival rate of plant seedling raising via cutting
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CN106973746A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-07-25 浙江省林业科学研究院 A kind of method of sylvan life pseudo-wild cultivating bar leaf banyan
CN106973745A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-07-25 浙江省林业科学研究院 A kind of cuttage and seedling culture method of leaf banyan
CN107047181A (en) * 2017-03-30 2017-08-18 华南农业大学 A kind of yellow fine strain of millet wood is used for the optimal cutting strunk cultural method of this wooden feed

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