CN103535238A - Planting method of yellow peach trees - Google Patents

Planting method of yellow peach trees Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103535238A
CN103535238A CN201310467581.5A CN201310467581A CN103535238A CN 103535238 A CN103535238 A CN 103535238A CN 201310467581 A CN201310467581 A CN 201310467581A CN 103535238 A CN103535238 A CN 103535238A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
planting
branch
pruning
tree
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Pending
Application number
CN201310467581.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高涛
孟凡富
张传洲
王建岭
陈厚今
岳长安
吴宪峰
魏长青
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Field Orchard Dangshan Anhui Province
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Field Orchard Dangshan Anhui Province
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Priority to CN201310467581.5A priority Critical patent/CN103535238A/en
Publication of CN103535238A publication Critical patent/CN103535238A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a planting method of yellow peach trees. The yellow peach trees are planted through the steps of orchard building, seedling cultivation, field planting, management of nutrient and water, pruning, management of flowers and fruits and pest control. The planting method of the yellow peach trees mainly resolves the problem of the planting technology of the yellow peach trees, increases the yield compared with a common planting method, and is particularly obvious in benefit.

Description

The cultivation method of a kind of yellow peach
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation field of fruit tree, relate in particular to the cultivation method of a kind of yellow peach.
Background technology
Nearly ten years, protected fruit trees cultivation is very fast at ancient riverbed of the Yellow River regional development, Huang Tao, belong to a kind of of peach class, being under the jurisdiction of rose family peach belongs to, because meat is gained the name for yellow, the nutrition of Huang Tao is very abundant, contain abundant antioxidant (alpha-carotene, 3-carotin, lycoxanthin, lycopene and vitamin C, Green Tea Extract etc.), (a large amount of pectin in pulp are celluloses of needed by human body to dietary fiber, very easily absorb etc.), iron calcium and various trace elements (selenium, zinc equal size is obvious, higher than other fruit, the king in fruit), during Huang Tao food, soft middle band is hard, sweet polyacid is few, there is fragrance, moisture is medium, ripe pol 14-15 degree, often eat and can play defaecation, hypoglycemic blood fat, Green Tea Extract, dispel blackspot, delay senility, improve the effects such as immunity, also can promote appetite, can be rated as health fruit, the peach of health, the culture technique of common yellow peach is not overripened, cause most of yellow peach fruits poor, output is lower.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned technical problem, the object of this invention is to provide the cultivation method of a kind of yellow peach.
Technical problem solved by the invention realizes by the following technical solutions:
A cultivation method for yellow peach, is characterized in that, concrete process is:
A ,Jian garden
Selection soil oxygen content is high, the low-lying land of good, the easy draining of ventilation, and low-lying land is the whole ground of wave, along field planting row, trains the ridge, makes whole gardens be wavy Lai Jian garden.
B, grow seedlings
Huang Tao be take rootstock seedling engrafting and cultivating as main, and it is sapling that stock adopts wild peach, and walnut, after lamination is processed, is got benevolence vernalization, in starting sowing 3 moons the middle ten days and the last ten days.
C, field planting
Field planting before spring tip rudiment, seeding row spacing is 3m * 4m, while planting seedling, will prune nursery stock, wipes out sick branch, hinders root etc., then put into planting pit, allows root system naturally unfold, and spoons normal root water, tree dish covering with plastic film after field planting.
D, rich water quality management
1, before the field planting of treelet seedling, the thorough cut of wide 1m, dark 1m is dug in direct motion, and table soil puts aside, and subsoil is placed on another side, during backfill soil, table soil is filled out at bottom, thereon admixture stalk, then execute the farmyard manure as 3000kg for every mu, by landfill subsoil on stalk, pour water heavy real.
2, in planting pit, execute again a small amount of chemical fertilizer during field planting seedling, and fully mix thoroughly with soil.
3, base manure be take fertilizer as main, adds appropriate nitrogen, phosphorus, potash fertilizer while applying, and applies instant nitrogenousfertilizer anthesis according to normal fertilizing management the season of growth, and the stone phase applies phosphorus, potash fertilizer.
E, pruning
Carry out twice pruning summer, adopt the method prune off, the branch group that removes overstocked branch and the excessive growth tip and have a strong impact on illumination, summer pruning amount can not surpass 10% of tree body branches and leaves total amount, adopt and prune off winter, contract cut, Long pruning method that length is put.
F, flower and fruit management
Within 3~4 weeks after fallen flowers for the first time, start fruit thinning for the first time; (for the third time after shedding) carried out at fruit, to enter the stone phase for the second time, 120~130 fruits of fruit are stayed in average every strain, single fruit weight requires in 160g left and right, thin and delicate branch, without leaf branch, do not stay fruit, remove and grow abnormal malformed fruit, fruit is not stayed at fruit bearing shoot two ends, fruit spur stays 1-2 fruit, medium fruit branch stays 2~4 fruits, and long fruit branch stays 4~6 fruits, and fruit spacing remains on more than 6 centimetres.
G, the extermination of disease and insect pest
Major Diseases has anthracnose, bacillary shothole disease, gummosis, leaf-curl etc., insect pest mainly contains aphid, heart-eating worm, longicorn, dichocrocis punctiferalis etc., the anti-peach damage by disease and insect of harnessing the Yellow River is carried out the plant protection policy of " putting prevention first; integrated control ", strengthens the management of tree body, Shaoshi chemical fertilizer, execute bran fertilizer and biological organic fertilizer more, rational pruning, keeps tree crown ventilation and penetrating light good, improves resistance.Rationally load keeps tree body healthy and strong, takes to wipe out sick branch, artificial capture method longicorn, removes dry branches and fallen leaves, turns over tree dish, and the measures such as the covering of ground stalk, trunk whitewashing suppress or reduce the generation of damage by disease and insect; According to damage by disease and insect biological property, take with method insect-killing trappings such as sugar-vinegar liquid, yellow plate, black light lamp and fly nets; According to the feature of controlling object and harm, use biogenic pesticide and mineral source agricultural chemicals.
Embodiment
For technological means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, further set forth the present invention.
A ,Jian garden
The root system of peach is larger to the requirement of oxygen, when soil oxygen content is lower than 2% time, radicula will be dead, young sprout stops growing thereupon, and all selection soil oxygen content are high, the low-lying land of good, the easy draining of ventilation, and low-lying land is the whole ground of wave, along the field planting row training ridge, make whole gardens be wavy Lai Jian garden, wave gardens are conducive to draining, prevent the generation of accumulated water phenomenon.
B, grow seedlings
Huang Tao be take rootstock seedling engrafting and cultivating as main, and it is sapling that stock adopts wild peach, and walnut, after lamination is processed, is got benevolence vernalization, in starting sowing 3 moons the middle ten days and the last ten days.
C, field planting
Field planting before spring tip rudiment, seeding row spacing is 3m * 4m, while planting seedling, will prune nursery stock, wipes out sick branch, hinders root etc., then put into planting pit, allows root system naturally unfold, and spoons normal root water, tree dish covering with plastic film after field planting.
D, rich water quality management
1, before the field planting of treelet seedling, the thorough cut of wide 1m, dark 1m is dug in direct motion, and table soil puts aside, and subsoil is placed on another side, during backfill soil, table soil is filled out at bottom, thereon admixture stalk, then execute the farmyard manure as 3000kg for every mu, by landfill subsoil on stalk, pour water heavy real.
2, in planting pit, execute again a small amount of chemical fertilizer during field planting seedling, and fully mix thoroughly with soil.
3, base manure be take fertilizer as main, adds appropriate nitrogen, phosphorus, potash fertilizer while applying, and applies instant nitrogenousfertilizer anthesis according to normal fertilizing management the season of growth, and the stone phase applies phosphorus, potash fertilizer.
E, pruning
Carry out twice pruning summer, adopt the method prune off, the branch group that removes overstocked branch and the excessive growth tip and have a strong impact on illumination, summer pruning amount can not surpass 10% of tree body branches and leaves total amount, adopt and prune off winter, contract cut, Long pruning method that length is put.
F, flower and fruit management
Within 3~4 weeks after fallen flowers for the first time, start fruit thinning for the first time; (for the third time after shedding) carried out at fruit, to enter the stone phase for the second time, 120~130 fruits of fruit are stayed in average every strain, single fruit weight requires in 160g left and right, thin and delicate branch, without leaf branch, do not stay fruit, remove and grow abnormal malformed fruit, fruit is not stayed at fruit bearing shoot two ends, fruit spur stays 1-2 fruit, medium fruit branch stays 2~4 fruits, and long fruit branch stays 4~6 fruits, and fruit spacing remains on more than 6 centimetres.
G, the extermination of disease and insect pest
Major Diseases has anthracnose, bacillary shothole disease, gummosis, leaf-curl etc., insect pest mainly contains aphid, heart-eating worm, longicorn, dichocrocis punctiferalis etc., the anti-peach damage by disease and insect of harnessing the Yellow River is carried out the plant protection policy of " putting prevention first; integrated control ", strengthens the management of tree body, Shaoshi chemical fertilizer, execute bran fertilizer and biological organic fertilizer more, rational pruning, keeps tree crown ventilation and penetrating light good, improves resistance.Rationally load keeps tree body healthy and strong, takes to wipe out sick branch, artificial capture method longicorn, removes dry branches and fallen leaves, turns over tree dish, and the measures such as the covering of ground stalk, trunk whitewashing suppress or reduce the generation of damage by disease and insect; According to damage by disease and insect biological property, take with method insect-killing trappings such as sugar-vinegar liquid, yellow plate, black light lamp and fly nets; According to the feature of controlling object and harm, use biogenic pesticide and mineral source agricultural chemicals.
More than show and described basic principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what in above-described embodiment and specification, describe is only preference of the present invention; be not used for limiting the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (1)

1. a cultivation method for yellow peach, is characterized in that, concrete process is:
A ,Jian garden
Selection soil oxygen content is high, the low-lying land of good, the easy draining of ventilation, and low-lying land is the whole ground of wave, along field planting row, trains the ridge, makes whole gardens be wavy Lai Jian garden.
B, grow seedlings
Huang Tao be take rootstock seedling engrafting and cultivating as main, and it is sapling that stock adopts wild peach, and walnut, after lamination is processed, is got benevolence vernalization, in starting sowing 3 moons the middle ten days and the last ten days.
C, field planting
Field planting before spring tip rudiment, seeding row spacing is 3m * 4m, while planting seedling, will prune nursery stock, wipes out sick branch, hinders root etc., then put into planting pit, allows root system naturally unfold, and spoons normal root water, tree dish covering with plastic film after field planting.
D, rich water quality management
1, before the field planting of treelet seedling, the thorough cut of wide 1m, dark 1m is dug in direct motion, and table soil puts aside, and subsoil is placed on another side, during backfill soil, table soil is filled out at bottom, thereon admixture stalk, then execute the farmyard manure as 3000kg for every mu, by landfill subsoil on stalk, pour water heavy real.
2, in planting pit, execute again a small amount of chemical fertilizer during field planting seedling, and fully mix thoroughly with soil.
3, base manure be take fertilizer as main, adds appropriate nitrogen, phosphorus, potash fertilizer while applying, and applies instant nitrogenousfertilizer anthesis according to normal fertilizing management the season of growth, and the stone phase applies phosphorus, potash fertilizer.
E, pruning
Carry out twice pruning summer, adopt the method prune off, the branch group that removes overstocked branch and the excessive growth tip and have a strong impact on illumination, summer pruning amount can not surpass 10% of tree body branches and leaves total amount, adopt and prune off winter, contract cut, Long pruning method that length is put.
F, flower and fruit management
Within 3~4 weeks after fallen flowers for the first time, start fruit thinning for the first time; (for the third time after shedding) carried out at fruit, to enter the stone phase for the second time, 120~130 fruits of fruit are stayed in average every strain, single fruit weight requires in 160g left and right, thin and delicate branch, without leaf branch, do not stay fruit, remove and grow abnormal malformed fruit, fruit is not stayed at fruit bearing shoot two ends, fruit spur stays 1-2 fruit, medium fruit branch stays 2~4 fruits, and long fruit branch stays 4~6 fruits, and fruit spacing remains on more than 6 centimetres.
G, the extermination of disease and insect pest
Major Diseases has anthracnose, bacillary shothole disease, gummosis, leaf-curl etc., insect pest mainly contains aphid, heart-eating worm, longicorn, dichocrocis punctiferalis etc., the anti-peach damage by disease and insect of harnessing the Yellow River is carried out the plant protection policy of " putting prevention first; integrated control ", strengthens the management of tree body, Shaoshi chemical fertilizer, execute bran fertilizer and biological organic fertilizer more, rational pruning, keeps tree crown ventilation and penetrating light good, improves resistance.Rationally load keeps tree body healthy and strong, takes to wipe out sick branch, artificial capture method longicorn, removes dry branches and fallen leaves, turns over tree dish, and the measures such as the covering of ground stalk, trunk whitewashing suppress or reduce the generation of damage by disease and insect; According to damage by disease and insect biological property, take with method insect-killing trappings such as sugar-vinegar liquid, yellow plate, black light lamp and fly nets; According to the feature of controlling object and harm, use biogenic pesticide and mineral source agricultural chemicals.
CN201310467581.5A 2013-09-25 2013-09-25 Planting method of yellow peach trees Pending CN103535238A (en)

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103931460A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-23 宜兴市华汇现代农业发展有限公司 Organic yellow peach cultivating method
CN103947498A (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-07-30 梁文荣 Trimming method of young walnut trees
CN104381069A (en) * 2014-09-16 2015-03-04 郎溪庆林生态特色农业观光园有限公司 Peach tree sowing and seedling-raising method
CN104396578A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-03-11 苏州市新巷农艺科技园 Wild peach grafting cultivation method
CN104920004A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-09-23 天峨县平昌生态农业有限公司 Novel fruit tree cultivation method
CN104956982A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-10-07 象州县科学技术情报研究所 Cultivation method for super-early-ripe peach trees grown on Karst stony desertification mountainous land
CN105123409A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-09 太仓市永发农场专业合作社 Yellow peach planting method
CN105210760A (en) * 2015-09-23 2016-01-06 无锡市阳山镇福寿水蜜桃专业合作社 The method of water prevention honey peach anthracnose
CN105410072A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-03-23 全椒县桃花湾果蔬种植专业合作社 Method for preventing and treating yellow peach dichocrocis punctiferalis
CN105638061A (en) * 2016-04-10 2016-06-08 苏州湖中生态农业科技发展有限公司 Fertilizer application method for yellow peach trees
CN105830752A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-08-10 句容市后白镇锦花黄桃专业合作社 Method for yellow peach grafting
CN105830762A (en) * 2016-04-10 2016-08-10 苏州湖中生态农业科技发展有限公司 Tree form suitable for yellow peach tree
CN106508560A (en) * 2016-10-17 2017-03-22 王学文 Yellow peach plantation method
CN106888875A (en) * 2015-12-17 2017-06-27 镇江市丹徒区永利蔬菜专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of yellow peach
CN106954514A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-07-18 镇远县醉美果业有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of yellow peach
CN107242071A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-10-13 马鞍山市绿营林业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for lifting yellow peach commodity fruit rate
CN107258424A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-10-20 马鞍山市绿营林业有限公司 A kind of 3 years and the above life yellow peach planting season subtract fertilising material implantation methods
CN107278771A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-10-24 叶集试验区绿叶果木种植专业合作社 A kind of supporting implantation methods of yellow peach
CN107318553A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-11-07 马鞍山市绿营林业有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of high-quality yellow peach
CN107318561A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-11-07 叶集试验区绿叶果木种植专业合作社 A kind of yellow peach plants form culture method
CN107439119A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-12-08 汤纪华 The fertilizing method of yellow peach fruit tree
CN107580945A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-01-16 镇江市丹徒区明兰瓜果种植家庭农场 Yellow peach field planting method
CN108901441A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-30 贵州松桃正大振兴生态农旅开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods preventing peach leaf-curl

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103931460A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-23 宜兴市华汇现代农业发展有限公司 Organic yellow peach cultivating method
CN103947498A (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-07-30 梁文荣 Trimming method of young walnut trees
CN104381069A (en) * 2014-09-16 2015-03-04 郎溪庆林生态特色农业观光园有限公司 Peach tree sowing and seedling-raising method
CN104396578A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-03-11 苏州市新巷农艺科技园 Wild peach grafting cultivation method
CN104920004A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-09-23 天峨县平昌生态农业有限公司 Novel fruit tree cultivation method
CN104920004B (en) * 2015-05-08 2017-12-01 南京汉尔斯生物科技有限公司 A kind of Novel fruit-tree cultural method
CN104956982A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-10-07 象州县科学技术情报研究所 Cultivation method for super-early-ripe peach trees grown on Karst stony desertification mountainous land
CN105123409A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-09 太仓市永发农场专业合作社 Yellow peach planting method
CN105210760A (en) * 2015-09-23 2016-01-06 无锡市阳山镇福寿水蜜桃专业合作社 The method of water prevention honey peach anthracnose
CN105410072A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-03-23 全椒县桃花湾果蔬种植专业合作社 Method for preventing and treating yellow peach dichocrocis punctiferalis
CN106888875A (en) * 2015-12-17 2017-06-27 镇江市丹徒区永利蔬菜专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of yellow peach
CN105830762A (en) * 2016-04-10 2016-08-10 苏州湖中生态农业科技发展有限公司 Tree form suitable for yellow peach tree
CN105638061A (en) * 2016-04-10 2016-06-08 苏州湖中生态农业科技发展有限公司 Fertilizer application method for yellow peach trees
CN105830752A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-08-10 句容市后白镇锦花黄桃专业合作社 Method for yellow peach grafting
CN106508560A (en) * 2016-10-17 2017-03-22 王学文 Yellow peach plantation method
CN106954514A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-07-18 镇远县醉美果业有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of yellow peach
CN106954514B (en) * 2017-03-31 2020-08-25 镇远县醉美果业有限公司 Seedling raising method for yellow peaches
CN107258424A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-10-20 马鞍山市绿营林业有限公司 A kind of 3 years and the above life yellow peach planting season subtract fertilising material implantation methods
CN107242071A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-10-13 马鞍山市绿营林业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for lifting yellow peach commodity fruit rate
CN107318553B (en) * 2017-06-22 2018-05-04 马鞍山市绿营林业有限公司 A kind of engrafting method of yellow peach
CN107318553A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-11-07 马鞍山市绿营林业有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of high-quality yellow peach
CN107278771A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-10-24 叶集试验区绿叶果木种植专业合作社 A kind of supporting implantation methods of yellow peach
CN107318561A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-11-07 叶集试验区绿叶果木种植专业合作社 A kind of yellow peach plants form culture method
CN107439119A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-12-08 汤纪华 The fertilizing method of yellow peach fruit tree
CN107580945A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-01-16 镇江市丹徒区明兰瓜果种植家庭农场 Yellow peach field planting method
CN108901441A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-30 贵州松桃正大振兴生态农旅开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods preventing peach leaf-curl

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Application publication date: 20140129