WO2020253546A1 - 多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置及方法 - Google Patents

多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置及方法 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020253546A1
WO2020253546A1 PCT/CN2020/094406 CN2020094406W WO2020253546A1 WO 2020253546 A1 WO2020253546 A1 WO 2020253546A1 CN 2020094406 W CN2020094406 W CN 2020094406W WO 2020253546 A1 WO2020253546 A1 WO 2020253546A1
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Prior art keywords
punching
glue
assembly
mechanical arm
cutting
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PCT/CN2020/094406
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
樊振华
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江苏中关村嘉拓新能源设备有限公司
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Application filed by 江苏中关村嘉拓新能源设备有限公司 filed Critical 江苏中关村嘉拓新能源设备有限公司
Priority to KR1020217041483A priority Critical patent/KR20220007894A/ko
Priority to DE112020002980.8T priority patent/DE112020002980T5/de
Priority to JP2021575310A priority patent/JP7326493B2/ja
Publication of WO2020253546A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020253546A1/zh
Priority to US17/553,034 priority patent/US20220106143A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H19/00Changing the web roll
    • B65H19/10Changing the web roll in unwinding mechanisms or in connection with unwinding operations
    • B65H19/12Lifting, transporting, or inserting the web roll; Removing empty core
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H19/00Changing the web roll
    • B65H19/22Changing the web roll in winding mechanisms or in connection with winding operations
    • B65H19/29Securing the trailing end of the wound web to the web roll
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/0046Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by constructional aspects of the apparatus
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/12Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by using adhesives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B38/00Ancillary operations in connection with laminating processes
    • B32B38/0004Cutting, tearing or severing, e.g. bursting; Cutter details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B38/00Ancillary operations in connection with laminating processes
    • B32B38/04Punching, slitting or perforating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B38/00Ancillary operations in connection with laminating processes
    • B32B38/10Removing layers, or parts of layers, mechanically or chemically
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B38/00Ancillary operations in connection with laminating processes
    • B32B38/18Handling of layers or the laminate
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B38/00Ancillary operations in connection with laminating processes
    • B32B38/18Handling of layers or the laminate
    • B32B38/1825Handling of layers or the laminate characterised by the control or constructional features of devices for tensioning, stretching or registration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H19/00Changing the web roll
    • B65H19/10Changing the web roll in unwinding mechanisms or in connection with unwinding operations
    • B65H19/102Preparing the leading end of the replacement web before splicing operation; Adhesive arrangements on leading end of replacement web; Tabs and adhesive tapes for splicing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H35/00Delivering articles from cutting or line-perforating machines; Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices, e.g. adhesive tape dispensers
    • B65H35/0006Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices
    • B65H35/002Hand-held or table apparatus
    • B65H35/0026Hand-held or table apparatus for delivering pressure-sensitive adhesive tape
    • B65H35/0033Hand-held or table apparatus for delivering pressure-sensitive adhesive tape and affixing it to a surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H35/00Delivering articles from cutting or line-perforating machines; Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices, e.g. adhesive tape dispensers
    • B65H35/0006Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices
    • B65H35/0073Details
    • B65H35/008Arrangements or adaptations of cutting devices
    • B65H35/0086Arrangements or adaptations of cutting devices using movable cutting elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H35/00Delivering articles from cutting or line-perforating machines; Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices, e.g. adhesive tape dispensers
    • B65H35/04Delivering articles from cutting or line-perforating machines; Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices, e.g. adhesive tape dispensers from or with transverse cutters or perforators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B38/00Ancillary operations in connection with laminating processes
    • B32B38/04Punching, slitting or perforating
    • B32B2038/042Punching
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B38/00Ancillary operations in connection with laminating processes
    • B32B38/04Punching, slitting or perforating
    • B32B2038/045Slitting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B38/00Ancillary operations in connection with laminating processes
    • B32B38/18Handling of layers or the laminate
    • B32B2038/1891Using a robot for handling the layers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2309/00Parameters for the laminating or treatment process; Apparatus details
    • B32B2309/70Automated, e.g. using a computer or microcomputer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2301/00Handling processes for sheets or webs
    • B65H2301/40Type of handling process
    • B65H2301/41Winding, unwinding
    • B65H2301/414Winding
    • B65H2301/4144Finishing winding process
    • B65H2301/41441Finishing winding process and blocking outer layers against falling apart
    • B65H2301/41442Specified by the sealing medium sealing used
    • B65H2301/414422Adhesive tape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2301/00Handling processes for sheets or webs
    • B65H2301/40Type of handling process
    • B65H2301/46Splicing
    • B65H2301/463Splicing splicing means, i.e. means by which a web end is bound to another web end
    • B65H2301/4631Adhesive tape
    • B65H2301/46312Adhesive tape double-sided
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2301/00Handling processes for sheets or webs
    • B65H2301/50Auxiliary process performed during handling process
    • B65H2301/51Modifying a characteristic of handled material
    • B65H2301/515Cutting handled material
    • B65H2301/5151Cutting handled material transversally to feeding direction
    • B65H2301/51512Cutting handled material transversally to feeding direction using a cutting member moving linearly in a plane parallel to the surface of the web and along a direction crossing the handled material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2405/00Parts for holding the handled material
    • B65H2405/40Holders, supports for rolls
    • B65H2405/42Supports for rolls fully removable from the handling machine
    • B65H2405/422Trolley, cart, i.e. support movable on floor
    • B65H2405/4222Carts with full reels placed laterally one beside the other

Definitions

  • the invention relates to a multifunctional tape splicing and glue preparation mechanism, in particular to a device and method for automatic punching, laminating, glue preparation and cutting of the tail edge of a multifunctional coiled material integrating multiple functions.
  • the purpose of the present invention is to overcome the defects existing in the prior art, and provide a multifunctional automatic punching of the end of the coil, which realizes the automatic punching and bonding of the end of the coil, and prepares the double-sided tape for the automatic connection of the next process. , Fitting, glue preparation and cutting device.
  • a method for using a multifunctional coiled material tail edge automatic punching, bonding, glue preparation, and cutting device includes the following steps:
  • the mechanical arm drives the punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism to rotate and rise to form an avoidance space, and the loading and unloading car supports the coil to be loaded onto the winding module;
  • the mechanical arm drives the punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism to rotate and lower, and the mechanical arm roll diameter tracking mechanism adjusts the distance between the front and rear of the mechanical arm;
  • the robot arm center correction mechanism adjusts the mechanical arm to the most suitable position for punching and pasting according to the position of the coil material
  • Punching After all the sheets enter the punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism, a sensor or photoelectric switch recognizes and sends a signal, the press belt component presses the sheet to form a flat area, and the punch component presses and punches;
  • Gluing the sheet is transported to the set length again, the punched holes are sent to the bottom of the glue cutting assembly, the glue pressing head assembly presses the sheet and the tape head, and the linear drive assembly drives the glue cutting assembly Start to glue;
  • the mechanical arm drives the punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism to rotate and rise to form an avoidance space.
  • the loading and unloading car supports the unloading of the coil on the winding module;
  • a multifunctional automatic punching, bonding, glue preparation, and cutting device for the tail edge of a multifunctional coil includes a mechanical arm and a punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism; one end of the mechanical arm is equipped with a punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism, The other end is rotatably connected to the frame, and the mechanical arm is driven to rotate by a motor, air cylinder or oil cylinder.
  • the punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism of the above technical solution includes a punching assembly, a belt pressing assembly, a glue cutting assembly, a linear drive assembly and a glue pressing head assembly; the punching assembly and the belt pressing assembly are installed up and down in the preparation
  • the glue mechanism reference plate the glue cutting assembly is arranged on one side of the unwinding sheet of the coil and is drivingly connected with the linear drive assembly; the glue pressing head assembly is set corresponding to the position of the sheet and the tape head at the same time .
  • the above technical solution also has a mechanical arm winding radius tracking mechanism; the mechanical arm winding radius tracking mechanism is slidably arranged on the guide rail of the frame and connected to the other end of the mechanical arm.
  • the mechanical arm roll diameter tracking mechanism is fixed with a mechanical arm centering correction mechanism; the other end of the mechanical arm is rotatably connected to the mechanical arm centering correction mechanism.
  • a guide plate is installed on the side of the punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism corresponding to the inlet position of the sheet.
  • a blowing guide assembly is installed on the other side of the sheet inlet position of the punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism; the air inlet of the blowing guide assembly inputs compressed gas, and the air outlet of the guide assembly is blown up Align with the inlet position of the sheet.
  • a waste collection assembly is provided under the glue cutting assembly; the waste collection assembly includes a waste box.
  • the present invention has the following positive effects:
  • the present invention has automatic identification of roll diameter, glue application, double-sided adhesive preparation with neat margins and good consistency; automatic cutting, waste collection and other functions, reducing the probability of material breaking and wrinkling, and generating less waste; Improve the efficiency of coil winding and tape connection; reduce production cost.
  • the present invention realizes the unmanned operation of the whole rewinding and splicing tape preparation, which can be adapted to materials of different reel diameters, and automatically adjust the front and rear positions of the punching and gluing mechanism according to different reel diameters.
  • the sheet centering correction mechanism of the present invention adapts to the adjustment of the edge positions of materials of different specifications, improves the positioning accuracy, and strictly controls the punching margin and the distance between the head and tail of the tape.
  • the present invention adopts the combination of rigid guide and flexible guide, and through the program control the opening function or cycle action at different times, the reliability of the sheet material into the punching die is improved.
  • the present invention realizes that two functions can be completed in one feeding, reducing multiple positioning of products.
  • the waste box is hung under the cutting mechanism of the present invention to ensure the cleanliness of the workshop site environment. According to functional requirements, it can be pre-cut and finished cutting. Multiple cuttings can decompose large areas of waste into small pieces and reduce the size of waste. ;Automatic collection of waste after cutting; it can be connected with large-scale waste collection device in one day or one shift.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the multi-functional punching and connecting tape preparation and cutting mechanism and the mechanical arm loading and unloading;
  • Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of the working position of the multifunctional punching and tape preparation cutting mechanism
  • Figure 3 is a schematic side view of the multifunctional punching and tape preparation cutting mechanism
  • Figure 4 is an enlarged isometric view of the multifunctional punching and tape preparation cutting mechanism.
  • the numbers in the attached drawings are: 1 winding module, 2 loading and unloading carts, 3 coils, 4 punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism, 5 mechanical arm, 6 mechanical arm centering correction mechanism, 7 mechanical arm winding diameter tracking mechanism, 10 pieces Material, 20 reference plate for glue preparation mechanism, 21 guide plate, 22 blowing guide assembly, 23 punching assembly, 24 pressure belt assembly, 25 glue cutting assembly, 26 linear drive assembly, 27 waste collection assembly, 28 glue pressing Head assembly.
  • the present invention has a winding module 1, an loading and unloading trolley 2 and a coil 3; the loading and unloading cart 2 supports the coil 3 to be loaded onto the winding module 1.
  • the coil 3 is wound on the rotating shaft of the winding module 1; the upper part of the winding module 1 is provided with a mechanical arm 5; one end of the mechanical arm 5 is equipped with a punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism 4, and the other end is rotatably connected to the fixed machine
  • the manipulator arm on the arm roll diameter tracking mechanism 7 is centered on the deviation correction mechanism 6, and the manipulator 5 is driven to rotate by a motor, air cylinder or oil cylinder; the manipulator roll diameter tracking mechanism 7 is slidably arranged on the guide rail of the frame.
  • the punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism 4 includes a punching assembly 23, a belt pressing assembly 24, a glue cutting assembly 25, a linear drive assembly 26 and a glue pressing head assembly 28; the punching assembly 23 and the belt pressing assembly 24 are installed up and down The glue preparation mechanism reference plate 20; the glue cutting assembly 25 is arranged on one side of the sheet 10 unwinded from the coil 3 and is drivingly connected to the linear drive assembly 26; the glue pressing head assembly 28 corresponds to the sheet 10 and The position of the tape head is set.
  • a guide plate 21 is installed on the side of the punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism 4 corresponding to the inlet position of the sheet 10.
  • a blowing guide assembly 22 is installed on the other side of the inlet position of the sheet 10 of the punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism 4; the blowing guide assembly 22 is connected with a fan, and the air outlet of the blowing guide assembly 22 is aligned with the sheet 10 The inlet position is set.
  • a sensor or photoelectric switch is installed at the position of the press belt assembly 24.
  • a waste collection assembly 27 is provided under the glue cutting assembly 25; the waste collection assembly 27 includes a waste box.
  • the working principle of the present invention is as follows: during loading and unloading: the mechanical arm 5 drives the punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism 4 to rise to form an avoidance space.
  • the loading and unloading car 2 supports the coil 3 to be loaded onto the winding module 1.
  • the mechanical arm 5 drives the punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism 4 to lower, and the mechanical arm roll diameter tracking mechanism 7 has a built-in roll diameter on-shoot sensor.
  • the drive mechanism adjusts the distance between the front and rear of the mechanical arm 5;
  • the manipulator arm centering and correcting mechanism 6 adjusts the manipulator arm 5 to the most suitable position for punching and sticking by the driving mechanism according to the signal of the coil edge material position sensor.
  • the coil 3 is unrolled to form a partial sheet 10; the sheet 10 enters the punching glue preparation cutting mechanism 4 along the guide plate 21;
  • the guide assembly 22 assists the entire process of the sheet 10 entry, prevents wrinkles, edge warping, etc., so that the sheet 10 enters the punching and glue preparation cutting mechanism 4 more smoothly.
  • the sensor recognizes and sends a signal
  • the press belt assembly 24 presses the sheet 10 to form a flat area
  • the punch assembly 23 presses and punches.
  • the sheet 10 is transported again to the set length, and the punched holes are sent to the bottom of the glue cutting assembly 25.
  • the glue pressing head assembly 28 presses the sheet 10 and the tape head, and the linear drive assembly 26 Drive the glue cutting assembly 25 to start glue application.
  • the glue-sticking and cutting component 25 is a multifunctional mechanism that integrates glue-sticking and cutting into one, and can complete two functions in one feeding, reducing multiple positioning of products.

Abstract

一种多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置及方法,具有收卷模块(1)和卷材(3);卷材(3)卷绕于收卷模块(1)的转轴上;收卷模块(1)的上方设有机械臂(5);机械臂(5)的一端安装有冲孔备胶裁切机构(4),另一端转动连接于固定在机械臂卷径跟踪机构(7)上的机械臂居中纠偏机构(6)上,机械臂(5)通过电机或气缸或油缸驱动转动;机械臂卷径跟踪机构(7)滑动设置于机架的导轨上。该装置及方法具有卷径自动识别、贴胶,双面胶备胶边距整齐且一致性好,自动切断、废料收集等功能,减少材料断带、褶皱的几率,产生的废料较少;提高了卷材的收卷、接带的效率;减低了生产成本。

Description

多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置及方法 技术领域
本发明涉及多功能接带备胶机构,特别涉及一种多种功能集于一体的多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置及方法。
背景技术
随着现代化工厂自动化程度的提高,各种设备正在步入无人化、智能化。传统的涂布机收卷后,需要人工贴胶带将卷材尾边贴合,以及人工贴双面胶为后续自动接带做准备。上述两次人工工序、贴胶的整齐度差、效率低,停机率高、造成的废料比较多;这样就不能满足自动化高速生产需求。
发明内容
本发明的目的是克服现有技术存在的缺陷,提供一种实现卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合,并为下工序自动接带备好双面胶的多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置。
实现本发明目的的技术方案是:
一种多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置的使用方法,包括以下步骤:
上料:机械臂驱动冲孔备胶裁切机构转动升起来,形成避位空间,上下料车支撑卷材上料到收卷模块上;
跟踪调距:机械臂驱动冲孔备胶裁切机构转动降下,并由机械臂卷径跟踪机构调整机械臂前后的距离;
居中纠偏:机械臂居中纠偏机构根据卷材边料的位置,将机械臂调整到最适合冲孔贴胶的位置;
放卷:机械臂和冲孔备胶裁切机构工作位就绪后,卷材放卷,片材沿 着21导向板进入冲孔备胶裁切机构;吹气导向组件辅助片材进入;
冲孔:片材全部进入冲孔备胶裁切机构以后,有传感器或光电开关识别发出信号,压带组件压下片材形成平整的区域,冲孔组件压下冲孔;
贴胶:片材再次输送设定好的长度,将冲好的孔位送至贴胶裁切组件下方,贴胶压头组件压好片材及胶带头,线性驱动组件驱动贴胶裁切组件开始贴胶;
裁切:贴胶裁切组件返回时,由切刀将多余的材料切下、废料自动落入废料收集组件;
下料:机械臂驱动冲孔备胶裁切机构转动升起来,形成避位空间,上下料车支撑收卷模块上的卷材下料;
如此往复循环。
一种多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置,包括机械臂和冲孔备胶裁切机构;所述机械臂的一端安装有冲孔备胶裁切机构,另一端转动连接于机架上,机械臂通过电机或气缸或油缸驱动转动。
上述技术方案所述冲孔备胶裁切机构包括冲孔组件、压带组件、贴胶裁切组件、线性驱动组件和贴胶压头组件;所述冲孔组件和压带组件上下安装于备胶机构基准板上;所述贴胶裁切组件设置于卷材放卷的片材的一侧,并与线性驱动组件驱动连接;所述贴胶压头组件同时对应片材和胶带头位置设置。
上述技术方案还具有机械臂卷径跟踪机构;所述机械臂卷径跟踪机构滑动设置于机架的导轨上,且与机械臂的另一端连接。
上述技术方案所述机械臂卷径跟踪机构上固定有机械臂居中纠偏机构;所述机械臂的另一端转动连接于机械臂居中纠偏机构上。
上述技术方案所述冲孔备胶裁切机构上对应片材的进口位置的一侧安装有导向板。
上述技术方案所述冲孔备胶裁切机构的片材的进口位置的另一侧安装有吹起导向组件;所述吹起导向组件的进风口输入压缩气体,且吹起导向组件的出风口对准片材的进口位置设置。
上述技术方案所述贴胶裁切组件的下方设有废料收集组件;所述废料收集组件包括废料盒。
采用上述技术方案后,本发明具有以下积极的效果:
(1)本发明具有卷径自动识别、贴胶,双面胶备胶边距整齐且一致性好;自动切断、废料收集等功能,减少材料断带、褶皱的几率,产生的废料较少;提高了卷材的收卷、接带的效率;减低了生产成本。
(2)本发明实现了整体收卷接带备胶无人化操作,可适应不同卷径的材料,根据不同卷径自动跟随调节冲孔贴胶机构的前后位置。
(3)本发明的片材居中纠偏机构适应不同规格材料边位的调整、提高定位精度,严格控制冲孔边距、胶带头尾部间距。
(4)本发明采用刚性导向和柔性导向的组合,通过程序控制不同时间开启功能或循环动作,提高了片材导入冲孔模具的可靠性。
(5)本发明实现了一次送料即可完成两个功能,减少产品多次定位。
(6)本发明的裁切机构下挂废料盒,确保车间现场环境保洁,根据功能要求可以预先裁切和收尾裁切,多次裁切将大面积废料分解为小片材、减小废料尺寸;裁切后的废料自动收集;可以实现一天或一个班次与大型废料收集装置对接。
附图说明
为了使本发明的内容更容易被清楚地理解,下面根据具体实施例并结合附图,对本发明作进一步详细的说明,其中
图1为多功能冲孔接带备胶裁切机构及机械臂上下料避位示意图;
图2为多功能冲孔接带备胶裁切机构工作位示意图;
图3为多功能冲孔接带备胶裁切机构的侧视原理图;
图4为多功能冲孔接带备胶裁切机构的等轴侧放大图。
附图中标号为:1收卷模块、2上下料车、3卷材、4冲孔备胶裁切机构、5机械臂、6机械臂居中纠偏机构、7机械臂卷径跟踪机构、10片材、20备胶机构基准板、21导向板、22吹气导向组件、23冲孔组件、24压带组件、25贴胶裁切组件、26线性驱动组件、27废料收集组件、28贴胶压 头组件。
具体实施方式
见图1至图4,本发明具有收卷模块1、上下料小车2和卷材3;上下料小车2支撑卷材3上料至收卷模块1上。卷材3卷绕于收卷模块1的转轴上;收卷模块1的上方设有机械臂5;机械臂5的一端安装有冲孔备胶裁切机构4,另一端转动连接于固定在机械臂卷径跟踪机构7上的机械臂居中纠偏机构6上,机械臂5通过电机或气缸或油缸驱动转动;机械臂卷径跟踪机构7滑动设置于机架的导轨上。
冲孔备胶裁切机构4包括冲孔组件23、压带组件24、贴胶裁切组件25、线性驱动组件26和贴胶压头组件28;冲孔组件23和压带组件24上下安装于备胶机构基准板20上;贴胶裁切组件25设置于卷材3放卷的片材10的一侧,并与线性驱动组件26驱动连接;贴胶压头组件28同时对应片材10和胶带头位置设置。
冲孔备胶裁切机构4上对应片材10的进口位置的一侧安装有导向板21。冲孔备胶裁切机构4的片材10的进口位置的另一侧安装有吹起导向组件22;吹起导向组件22与风机相连,且吹起导向组件22的出风口对准片材10的进口位置设置。压带组件24的位置安装有传感器或光电开关。贴胶裁切组件25的下方设有废料收集组件27;废料收集组件27包括废料盒。
本发明的工作原理为:上下料时:机械臂5驱动冲孔备胶裁切机构4升起来,形成避位空间。上下料车2支撑卷材3上料到收卷模块1上。
收卷贴胶时:机械臂5驱动冲孔备胶裁切机构4降下,机械臂卷径跟踪机构7内置卷径对射传感器,根据传感器信号,由驱动机构调整机械臂5前后的距离;然后机械臂居中纠偏机构6根据卷材边料位置传感器信号,由驱动机构将机械臂5调整到最适合冲孔贴胶的位置。
机械臂5和冲孔备胶裁切机构4工作位就绪后,卷材3放卷,形成局部的片材10;片材10沿着导向板21进入冲孔备胶裁切机构4;吹气导向组件22辅助片材10进入的整个过程、防止褶皱、翘边等情况,使片材10进入冲孔备胶裁切机构4更加顺利。
片材10全部进入冲孔备胶裁切机构4以后,由传感器识别发出信号,压带组件24压下片材10形成平整的区域,冲孔组件23压下冲孔。
完成冲孔后,片材10再次输送设定好的长度,将冲好的孔位送至贴胶裁切组件25下方,贴胶压头组件28压好片材10及胶带头,线性驱动组件26驱动贴胶裁切组件25开始贴胶。
贴胶裁切组件25是将贴胶和裁切集于一体的多功能机构,一次送料即可完成两个功能,减少产品多次定位。
完成贴胶后,贴胶裁切组件25返回时由切刀将多余的材料切下、废料自动落入废料收集组件27。
以上所述的具体实施例,对本发明的目的、技术方案和有益效果进行了进一步详细说明,所应理解的是,以上所述仅为本发明的具体实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所做的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (8)

  1. 一种多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置的方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:
    上料:机械臂(5)驱动冲孔备胶裁切机构(4)转动升起来,形成避位空间,上下料车(2)支撑卷材(3)上料到收卷模块(1)上;
    跟踪调距:机械臂(5)驱动冲孔备胶裁切机构(4)转动降下,并由机械臂卷径跟踪机构(7)调整机械臂(5)前后的距离;
    居中纠偏:机械臂居中纠偏机构(6)根据卷材(3)边料的位置,将机械臂(5)调整到最适合冲孔贴胶的位置;
    放卷:机械臂(5)和冲孔备胶裁切机构(4)工作位就绪后,卷材(3)放卷,片材(10)沿着21导向板进入冲孔备胶裁切机构(4);吹气导向组件(22)辅助片材(10)进入;
    冲孔:片材(10)全部进入冲孔备胶裁切机构(4)以后,有传感器或光电开关识别发出信号,压带组件(24)压下片材(10)形成平整的区域,冲孔组件(23)压下冲孔;
    贴胶:片材(10)再次输送设定好的长度,将冲好的孔位送至贴胶裁切组件(25)下方,贴胶压头组件(28)压好片材(10)及胶带头,线性驱动组件(26)驱动贴胶裁切组件(25)开始贴胶;
    裁切:贴胶裁切组件(25)返回时,由切刀将多余的材料切下、废料自动落入废料收集组件(27);
    下料:机械臂(5)驱动冲孔备胶裁切机构(4)转动升起来,形成避位空间,上下料车(2)支撑收卷模块(1)上的卷材(3)下料;
    如此往复循环。
  2. 一种根据权利要求1所述的方法的多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置,其特征在于:包括机械臂(5)和冲孔备胶裁切机构(4);所述机械臂(5)的一端安装有冲孔备胶裁切机构(4),另一端转动连接于机架上,机械臂(5)通过电机或气缸或油缸驱动转动。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置,其特征在于:所述冲孔备胶裁切机构(4)包括冲孔组件(23)、压带组件(24)、贴胶裁切组件(25)、线性驱动组件(26)和贴胶压头组件(28);所述冲孔组件(23)和压带组件(24)上下安装于备胶机构基准板(20)上;所述贴胶裁切组件(25)设置于卷材(3)放卷的片材(10)的一侧,并与线性驱动组件(26)驱动连接;所述贴胶压头组件(28)同时对应片材(10)和胶带头位置设置。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置,其特征在于:还具有机械臂卷径跟踪机构(7);所述机械臂卷径跟踪机构(7)滑动设置于机架的导轨上,且与机械臂(5)的另一端连接。
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置,其特征在于:所述机械臂卷径跟踪机构(7)上固定有机械臂居中纠偏机构(6);所述机械臂(5)的另一端转动连接于机械臂居中纠偏机构(6)上。
  6. 根据权利要求3至5任一所述的多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置,其特征在于:所述冲孔备胶裁切机构(4)上对应片材(10)的进口位置的一侧安装有导向板(21)。
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置,其特征在于:所述冲孔备胶裁切机构(4)的片材(10)的进口位置的另一侧安装有吹起导向组件(22);所述吹起导向组件(22)的进风口输入压缩气体,且吹起导向组件(22)的出风口对准片材(10)的进口位置设置。
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的多功能卷材尾边自动冲孔、贴合、备胶、裁切装置,其特征在于:所述贴胶裁切组件(25)的下方设有废料收集组件(27);所述废料收集组件(27)包括废料盒。
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