JP4116292B2 - Electric power generation system for hybrid vehicles - Google Patents

Electric power generation system for hybrid vehicles Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP4116292B2
JP4116292B2 JP2001524826A JP2001524826A JP4116292B2 JP 4116292 B2 JP4116292 B2 JP 4116292B2 JP 2001524826 A JP2001524826 A JP 2001524826A JP 2001524826 A JP2001524826 A JP 2001524826A JP 4116292 B2 JP4116292 B2 JP 4116292B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
motor generator
inverter
battery
voltage
power
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP2001524826A
Other languages
English (en)
Inventor
敏之 印南
敬一 増野
安嶋  耕
芳美 櫻井
良三 正木
和雄 田原
常博 遠藤
金  弘中
Original Assignee
株式会社日立カーエンジニアリング
株式会社日立製作所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 株式会社日立カーエンジニアリング, 株式会社日立製作所 filed Critical 株式会社日立カーエンジニアリング
Priority to PCT/JP1999/005115 priority Critical patent/WO2001021431A1/ja
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP4116292B2 publication Critical patent/JP4116292B2/ja
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W20/00Control systems specially adapted for hybrid vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/42Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by the architecture of the hybrid electric vehicle
    • B60K6/46Series type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/42Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by the architecture of the hybrid electric vehicle
    • B60K6/48Parallel type
    • B60K6/485Motor-assist type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/50Architecture of the driveline characterised by arrangement or kind of transmission units
    • B60K6/54Transmission for changing ratio
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L50/10Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by engine-driven generators, e.g. generators driven by combustion engines
    • B60L50/15Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by engine-driven generators, e.g. generators driven by combustion engines with additional electric power supply
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W10/00Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function
    • B60W10/04Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function including control of propulsion units
    • B60W10/06Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function including control of propulsion units including control of combustion engines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W10/00Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function
    • B60W10/04Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function including control of propulsion units
    • B60W10/08Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function including control of propulsion units including control of electric propulsion units, e.g. motors or generators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02NSTARTING OF COMBUSTION ENGINES; STARTING AIDS FOR SUCH ENGINES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F02N11/00Starting of engines by means of electric motors
    • F02N11/04Starting of engines by means of electric motors the motors being associated with current generators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/26Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the motors or the generators
    • B60K2006/268Electric drive motor starts the engine, i.e. used as starter motor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2210/00Converter types
    • B60L2210/10DC to DC converters
    • B60L2210/12Buck converters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/62Hybrid vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility

Description

技術分野
本発明は、駆動源としてのエンジンに連結された電動発電機を備えたハイブリッド車における、電動発電機およびその制御方法に係り、特に電機子電流の電流位相を制御して界磁電流成分を調整できる制御を行う電動発電機およびその制御方法に関するものである。
背景技術
従来、ハイブリッド車としては、(1)内燃機関であるエンジンの回転力で発電機を駆動し電力を得、この電力で車軸に連結されているモータを駆動し、モータが発生する駆動力で走行するシリースハイブリッド方式(例えば特開平8−298696号公報、特開平6−245322号公報、USP5214358号公報)と、(2)内燃機関の回転力の1部は電力に変換されるが、その他の回転力は車軸に駆動力として伝えられ、発電された電力を用いたモータ駆動力と内燃機関の車軸駆動力の両方で走行するパラレルハイブリッド方式(例えばUSP5081365号公報)がある。
しかしながら従来の技術では、モータおよび前記モータを駆動するインバータ回路が2つ必要なことと、遊星歯車機構を新たに配置しなくてはならず、車両の大幅な改良が必要であり、それに伴う大幅なコストアップは避けられない。
そこで、特開平7−298696号公報にあるように内燃機関のクランク軸に回転電機を直結させ、1つの回転電機で駆動、発電を運転モードによって切り分ける1モータ方式が提案されている。この方式は、コストおよび現在の車両にアドオンできる点で前述した2モータ方式と比較して有利である。
一方、1モータ方式および2モータ方式両方とも、回転電機の形式としては、回転子に永久磁石を配置した同期磁石形電動発電機、もしくは自動車用発電機であるオルタネータと同様な原理構成の爪形磁極の同期電動発電機、もしくは回転子に2次導体をかご形に設けたかご形誘導電動発電機が用いられている。内燃機関の始動時は42V系バッテリの出力電圧をインバータで電圧、電流及び周波数を制御して電動発電機を電動機運転し、内燃機関始動後は電動発電機を発電運転して発電電圧がバッテリ充電電圧になるようにインバータで制御する構成となっている。
一方、バッテリとインバータの間に、昇降圧チョッパを配置し、インバータ等の直流入力電圧がほぼ一定になるようにしたものが、特開平11−220812号公報に記載されている。
【発明が解決しようとする課題】
ハイブリッド車における電動発電機として用いられる1モータ方式の電動発電機には、次のような課題が存在する。
(1)内燃機関始動時等の低回転領域における高トルク特性と、アイドリング回転速度から高回転領域までにおいて高い発電電流が得られる高出力発電特性とを両立させなければならない。
(2)上記(1)の内燃機関始動時に必要なトルク(モータが発生する最大トルク)を発生する回転速度(700rpm前後)と、内燃機関の最大許容回転速度時のモータ回転速度(6000rpm以上)とは、1:10以上の関係にある。
(3)内燃機関始動回転速度以上の回転速度における内燃機関のトルクを助成するアシストトルクが十分得られない。
(4)車両に搭載する電動発電機で始動時に電動運転するとともに、発電時には発電するものであり、電源としてはある一定電圧を中心とした電圧変化幅内で充放電を行うバッテリが用いられている。そのため内燃機関の高速回転時のようにバッテリの充電電圧を大きく超える電圧で充電した場合には、最悪バッテリを破損する危険性がある。
前記いずれの電動発電機を用いたとしても上記の課題を解決する必要がある。一般に電動発電機の電動機運転時の回転速度Nは印加電圧Vに比例して、界磁磁束成分量φに反比例する。またトルクτは電動機電流Imと界磁磁束成分量φの積に比例し、電動機運転時の逆起電力と発電機運転時の発電電圧は回転速度Nと界磁磁束成分量φの積に比例する。従って、いずれの電動発電機も、回転速度範囲が広くても所定のトルク、所定の発電電力が得られるようにシステムを構築する必要がある。
一般に、低回転速度でトルクが必要とするときは強め界磁電流成分が得られるように制御し、高回転速度では逆起電力を小さくするために弱め界磁電流成分が得られるように電流位相を制御する。
しかし電動発電機を発電機運転時する場合は、内燃機関のアイドリング回転速度(700rpm前後)から内燃機関の最大回転速度(6000rpm以上)の範囲で発電動作を行うので、高回転速度時には固定子巻線の電流位相を調整する方式では発電電圧が大きすぎるので弱め界磁電流成分量が十分得られずバッテリ充電電圧に一致させることは困難である。また、電動機動作で内燃機関を始動する場合には電動機の始動電流が大きく、インバータ主回路のスイッチング素子の電流容量が大きく成りすぎる問題もある。
本発明の目的は、上記各課題を解決し、バッテリを搭載したハイブリッド車であって、内燃機関に連結された電動発電機を低速から高速までの範囲にわたり電動機運転あるいは発電機運転するものにおいて、特性が安定した電動トルク特性と発電特性が得られ、かつ高効率で制御ができるハイブリッド車における電動発電機及びその制御方法を提供することにある。
発明の開示
本発明の特徴は、車両を駆動する内燃機関のクランク軸と機械的に連結され、バッテリーから供給される電力によって前記内燃機関を始動すると共に前記内燃機関からの回転によって発電を行い前記バッテリーを充電する電動発電機と、前記電動発電機の駆動又は発電を制御するインバータと、前記インバータを制御する制御回路を備えたハイブリッド車であって、前記バッテリの電力で前記電動発電機を駆動して前記内燃機関を始動し、前記内燃機関の始動後には該内燃機関の動力を利用して前記電動発電機の発電動作で前記バッテリを充電するものにおいて、前記バッテリーと前記前記インバータの間に設けられた降圧チョッパ回路を備え、該降圧チョッパ回路を介して前記発電電圧が前記バッテリの充電電圧になるように降圧制御を行うようにしたことにある。
本発明の他の特徴は、車両を駆動する内燃機関のクランク軸と機械的に連結され、バッテリーから供給される電力によって前記内燃機関を始動すると共に前記内燃機関からの回転によって発電を行い前記バッテリーを充電する電動発電機と、前記電動発電機の駆動又は発電を制御するインバータと、前記インバータを制御する制御回路を備えたハイブリッド車であって、前記バッテリの電力で前記電動発電機を駆動して前記内燃機関を始動し、前記内燃機関の始動後には該内燃機関の動力を利用して前記電動発電機の発電動作で前記バッテリを充電するものにおいて、前記バッテリの出力側に昇圧チョッパ回路を備えており、前記バッテリの電力で前記電動発電機を始動する場合に前記バッテリ電圧を昇圧して、前記電動発電機を駆動して前記内燃機関を始動するようにしたことにある。
本発明の他の特徴は、車両を駆動する内燃機関のクランク軸と機械的に連結され、バッテリーから供給される電力によって前記内燃機関を始動すると共に前記内燃機関からの回転によって発電を行い前記バッテリーを充電する電動発電機と、前記電動発電機の駆動又は発電を制御するインバータと、前記インバータを制御する制御回路を備えたハイブリッド車における電動発電機の制御方法であって、前記バッテリの電力で前記電動発電機を駆動して前記内燃機関を始動し、前記内燃機関の始動後には該内燃機関の動力を利用して前記電動発電機の発電動作で前記バッテリを充電するものにおいて、前記電動発電機の発電電圧が前記バッテリの充電電圧より高いい場合、降圧チョッパ回路を介して、前記発電電圧が前記バッテリの充電電圧になるように降圧制御を行うようにしたことにある。
本発明によれば、電動発電機を電動機として機能させ内燃機関の始動あるいはトルクアシストを行う場合には、バッテリ電圧を前記昇圧回路にてバッテリ電圧を昇圧してインバータの入力に印加すると共に、インバータは指令による所定の回転速度に制御する。すなわち、固定子巻線の電流位相を調整して界磁磁束成分量を調整することにより所定の回転数で所定の電機子電流で所定のトルクとなるように制御される。これにより、昇圧チョッパ回路で高電圧にできるので、界磁電流成分を大きくすることができ、始動トルクを大きくできる。
また、発電動作時には、バッテリ充電電圧より発電電圧が大きい場合にバッテリとインバータ入力端子間に設けた降圧チョッパにより、高い発電電圧を降圧してバッテリ充電電圧に一致させることができる。
このように、本発明によれば、バッテリを搭載したハイブリッド車であって内燃機関に連結された電動発電機を低速から高速までの範囲にわたり電動機運転あるいは発電機運転するものにおいて、特性が安定した電動トルク特性と発電特性が得られ、かつ高効率で制御ができるハイブリッド車における電動発電機及びその制御方法を提供することができる。
発明を実施するための最良の形態
以下、本発明の実施例について説明する。図1は、永久磁石界磁形同期電動発電機を採用したハイブリッド車における電動発電機システムの基本構成を示すブロック図である。
図1の電動発電機システムにおいて、電動発電機3は内燃機関1を駆動すると同時に、内燃機関1の始動後は発電運転を行い、発電電力を高圧用(例えば42V系)の主バッテリ10に充電する。本構成では、内燃機関1とトランスミッション2の間に扁平構造の電動発電機3を設ける。電動発電機3は、ここでは永久磁石界磁形同期電動発電機とする。電動発電機3の出力はインバータ主回路5を介して降圧チョッパ回路9に導かれ、降圧チョッパ回路9で所定のバッテリ充電電圧になるように発電電圧が降圧されて主バッテリ10に供給される。また、降圧チョッパ回路9に対して、低圧用(例えば14V系)の補助バッテリ8が主バッテリ10と並列に接続されている。補助バッテリ8には、図示してないがランプ負荷、オーディオなどが接続される。
ハイブリッド車の全体的な制御は主コントローラ4で行われ、この主コントローラ4からの運転指令信号70等に基づいてM/G制御回路6がインバータ主回路5や降圧チョッパ回路9を制御する。主コントローラ4からの指令等に基づき、エンジンコントロールユニット40が内燃機関1を制御する。同様に、主コントローラ4からの指令等に基づき、バッテリコントローラ41がDC/DCコンバータ7を制御し、電動発電機3からの出力を14Vの充電電圧に制御し、低電圧バッテリ8を充電する。
内燃機関1の始動時には、電動発電機3の電動運転で内燃機関1を始動する。すなわち、主バッテリ10からの電流がダイオードを介してバッテリ電力がインバータ主回路5に入り、M/G制御回路6の制御ソフトによりインバータ主回路5の出力が所定の電力量に制御され、電動発電機3が電動機としての動作を行って内燃機関1を始動する。
一方、電動発電機3の発電動作は、内燃機関1が始動した後にバッテリを充電する動作である。この動作は内燃機関1からの動力で電動発電機3が発電動作となり、少なくともバッテリ充電電圧電圧Vb1より、インバータ5の入力側電圧もしくは電動発電機3側の発電電圧VgがVb1≦Vgの関係にあるときに成り立つ。車両の如何なる運転状態でもバッテリへの充電時はVgがバッテリ充電電圧に制御される。もし、発電電圧Vgがバッテリ充電電圧Vb1より大きい場合には、インバータの主回路5を構成するM/G制御回路6で制御され、電機子電流の電流位相制御により、界磁磁束成分量を弱め界磁になるように制御して発電電圧がバッテリ充電電圧になるようにする。
図2は、図1の詳細回路の一例で内燃機関1とトランスミッション2の間に電動発電機3を設けた構成を示す。インバータ5と主バッテリ10及び補助バッテリ8の間に、降圧チョッパ回路9が設けられている。M/G制御回路6は、制御用マイコン61とドライバ信号回路62を有する。制御用マイコン61は、CPU、メモリ、及びメモリに保持された各種の制御ソフトを含み、主コントローラ4からの運転指令信号70やインバータ入力電圧信号63、充電電圧信号64、電動発電機3の電流、位置検出信号(及び回転速度信号)65を取り込んで、ドライバ信号回路62の制御信号や降圧チョッパ回路9の制御信号を生成し出力する。
永久磁石界磁形同期電動発電機3は、回転子鉄心31と磁極を構成する永久磁石界磁32とで回転子が構成される。なお、電動発電機として爪形磁極形電動発電機を採用しても良く、その場合には、励磁コイルを囲むようにしたS,N極の爪磁極で回転子が構成される。また、電動発電機として誘導電動機を採用しても良く、その場合には、回転子鉄心内に設けたスロット内に二次導体をかご形に配置して回転子が構成される。
一方固定子は、固定子鉄心33に設けたスロット内に三相固定子巻線34を巻装した構成とし、外周側にはハウジング35を焼バメして設け、冷却用の水冷通路(図示せず)も設ける。なお、三相固定子巻線34としては、通常の分布巻と集中巻のいずれも巻装することができる。
電動発電機3の回転子(31、32)は、内燃機関1のクランク軸と直結されている。もし、電動発電機3をトランスミッション2の中に設ける場合は、電動発電機3の回転子がトランスミッションの軸に直結されている。
内燃機関1に機械的に連結されている永久磁石形誘導同期電動発電機3の三相固定子巻線の端子は、三相配線4によりインバータ主回路5と電気的に接続されている。インバータ主回路5は、3相各アームのスイッチング素子51a〜51fと帰還ダイオード52a〜52fからなり、スイッチング素子51a〜51fのスイッチング動作はM/G制御回路6のドライバ信号発生器62で動作する。ドライバ信号回路62は、制御用マイコン61の制御信号で制御される。
また、インバータ主回路5の入力側には、平滑用コンデンサ11が設けられており、さらに、主バッテリ10とコンデンサ12と平滑用コンデンサ11の間に降圧チョッパ9が設けられている。降圧チョッパ9は、スイッチング素子91とダイオード92の逆並列回路とリアクトル93及びダイオード94で構成されている。
図2において、内燃機関1を始動する場合、主バッテリ10の電力は、コンデンサ12を充電するとともリアクトル93、ダイオード92を介して平滑用コンデンサ11を充電し、その電圧がインバータ主回路5に印加される。
インバータ主回路5を動作させるM/G制御回路6は、電動発電機3の位置センサ(ホールIC,レゾルバ等)36の検出信号で位置検出回路37からの位置信号(及び回転速度信号)65をマイコン61に取り込む。また、平滑コンデンサ11と主バッテリ10の出力あるいは充電電圧(インバータ入力電圧)信号64を検出して制御用マイコン61に取り込んでいる。マイコン61は、電動機運転時に運転指令信号70と、位置検出信号(及び回転速度信号)65、バッテリ出力電圧信号64及びインバータ入力電圧信号63等の検出信号で、ドライバ信号発生器62に送る信号を作り、スイッチング素子51a〜51fのゲートにドライバ信号を与えて、電動機を始動もしくはトルクアシストを行う。
図3に、本発明における運転モードと電動機等の制御及びバッテリ電圧Vb等の関係を示す。内燃機関の始動時には強め界磁制御を行う。すなわち、制御用マイコン61は、始動時にインバータ主回路5に対して運転指令信号70に基づくPWM制御(pulse width modulation)を行うが、始動トルクを大きくするために、電動機運転時には固定子巻線に流れる電流位相を界磁電流成分Ifが+If1に増加するように(強め界磁制御)ドライバ信号を制御する。
内燃機関の始動後、トルクアシストが必要な場合、強め界磁制御や昇圧動作を行い、さらに回転速度が上昇すると界磁電流成分が−If2まで減少するように(弱め界磁制御)ドライバ信号を制御して電流位相を調整する。
内燃機関の回転速度がさらに上昇した場合、発電モードとなる。すなわち、電動発電機3の発電電圧が主バッテリ10の充電電圧Vb0より高くなるため、弱め界磁を行いながらもしくは降圧チョッパの通流率を小さくして、発電電圧が主バッテリ10の充電電圧に一致するように降圧チョッパの電圧制御を行う。
図1、図2に示した実施例は、上記始動及び発電の運転モードを行うものであり、後で述べる他の実施例は、上記トルクアシストの運転モードも行うものである。
次に、上記図1、図2に示した実施例における電動発電機3の発電動作を、図4〜図6により述べる。
図4は、電動発電機3の発電動作のフローを示すものである。キースイッチがオンになると(ステップ402)、電動発電機3で内燃機関が駆動され(ステップ404)、内燃機関が始動する(ステップ406)。始動後、主バッテリ10の充電電圧Vbが所定の充電電圧Vbに達していなければ(ステップ408)充電電圧Vbになるまで待ち(ステップ410)、次に、アイドリング回転数に達しているかチェックし(ステップ412)、アイドリング回転数に達している場合発電動作となる。発電動作時は内燃機関1の回転動力が発電機の入力となり電圧Vgの発電電力を得るが、発電機も3相交流でインバータ主回路5のダイオード52a〜52fを介して平滑用コンデンサ11を充電する(ステップ416〜418)。平滑用コンデンサ11の電圧Vgが主バッテリ10の充電電圧Vbになっていれば降圧チョッパ9のスイッチング素子91の通流率を100(%)にして(ステップ420)、リアクトル93を介して主バッテリ10を充電する(ステップ422)。
すなわち、内燃機関の回転速度が上昇すると、電動発電機3の発電電圧が主バッテリ10の充電電圧より高くなる。このためインバータ主回路5の電流位相を制御して発電電圧が下がるように弱め界磁制御を行う。これにより、ある程度の回転数まで発電電圧を制御するが、それ以上の回転速度では巻線の温度上昇で限界があるので若干の弱め界磁を行いながらもしくは降圧チョッパの通流率を小さくして、主バッテリ10の充電電圧に一致するように降圧チョッパの電圧制御を行う。
図5はその動作を示しており、横軸が内燃機関1の回転速度(電動発電機3の回転速度)で縦軸は電動発電機3の発電電圧値Vgにより決まる平滑用コンデンサ11のコンデンサ電圧Vc1となり、電機子電流の位相を調整して強め界磁制御にした場合と弱め界磁制御にする場合の回転速度に対する変化を示す。
図5で、内燃機関1を始動してアイドリング時の回転速度N1とすると、この時、発電電圧による平滑用コンデンサ電圧がVc1で最小限の充電電流を維持している状態とする。このとき発電電動機3の界磁成分は強め界磁制御が行われているとした場合は、界磁電流成分If1が強め界磁側にあり、内燃機関1の回転速度が上昇してN2になると、発電電圧Vg2となり平滑用コンデンサの電圧がVc2と大きくなる。そこで、平滑用コンデンサの電圧Vc2をバッテリ充電電圧Vb1に一致させるべく、電動機の電流位相を制御して弱め界磁電流制御を行う。この場合、弱め界磁電流成分のみでバッテリ充電電圧に制御できれば降圧チョッパ回路は動作しなくとも良いが、回転速度がN2以上になると弱め界磁制御による銅損増加が大きくなる。そこで、回転速度がN2以上では、降圧チョッパ回路9を動作させ、平滑用コンデンサ11の電圧Vc2がバッテリ充電電圧Vb1と一致するように電圧変換比の設定を大きくすることにより主バッテリ10を充電する。
さらに内燃機関1の回転速度が上昇して最大回転速度N3となった場合、弱め界磁電流成分が大きくできないので、さらに降圧チョッパ6の電圧変換比(Vc3/Vb1)を大きくすることにより、最大回転速度でも主バッテリ10への充電がを能にする。ここでは、弱め界磁電流制御量と降圧チョッパの電圧変換比の設定は、発電効率として最大効率が得られるように設定することができる。
図6は、上記実施例における内燃機関1の回転速度Nと平滑用コンデンサの電圧Vc2との関係を示すものであり、回転速度N=700rrpm以上では、回転速度Nの増加に応じて降圧チョッパによる電圧降圧量が増大し、平滑用コンデンサの電圧Vc2は、一定値Vb1に維持される。
再び、図4の電動発電機3の発電動作のフローに戻って、ステップ408で、主バッテリ10の充電電圧Vbが所定の充電電圧Vbに達している場合、あるいは始動後の発電により充電電圧Vbに達した場合、次に、アイドルストップモードか否かの判定を行い(ステップ424)、アイドルストップモードでなければバッテリーの電圧制御を継続する(ステップ426)。一時停止のためのアイドルストップの場合(ステップ430)、エンジンを停止し(ステップ432)、アクセルが再びオンになるのを待って(ステップ404)に戻り、電動発電機3でエンジンを再始動する。キースイッチがオフの場合は、エンジン停止処理を行って、ステップ4042に戻る。
次に、図7〜図11に本発明の他の実施例を示す。この実施例は、先に述べたように、内燃機関の始動後、トルクアシストが必要な場合、強め界磁制御や昇圧動作を行い、さらに回転速度が上昇すると界磁電流成分が−If2まで減少するように(弱め界磁制御)ドライバ信号を制御して電流位相を調整するものである。
まず、図7は図1と同様な電動発電機駆動システムの主なる構成を示す。この実施例では、降圧と昇圧の機能を有する昇降圧チョッパ回路100を主バッテリ10とインバータ主回路5の間に設け、電動機運転時はインバータ主回路5と制御回路6とで固定子巻線の電流位相制御と昇圧チョッパ回路100を動作させ、発電動作時は図1と同様に固定子巻線の電流位相制御と降圧チョッパ回路9を動作させて、常に発電電圧がバッテリ充電電圧になるように電圧制御を行う構成としている。なお、主コントローラ等、図1と同じ構成のものは図示を省略する。
次に、図8の回路図で図2と異なる点を重点に説明する。
図8において、昇圧チョッパ回路100はスイッチング素子101と帰還ダイオード102で構成される。リアクトル93は昇圧チョッパ回路100が動作するときにも必要であり、降圧チョッパ回路9が動作するときと共用することになる。低電圧系のバッテリ8とDC/DCコンバータ7は、図1、2と同様に、主バッテリ10と昇降圧チョッパ回路100との間に接続している。
次に、その動作について8により述べる。内燃機関1を始動するために、前述と同様に電動発電機3を電動機として駆動する場合、昇圧チョッパ回路100を動作させてバッテリ電圧より高く設定する。
この時、インバータ主回路5と制御回路6で制御する固定子巻線34の電流位相制御は、図11に示すように内燃機関の回転速度がN1では強め界磁となるような界磁電流成分が得られるようにする。このときの昇圧電圧値は固定子巻線電流が所定の加速電流値の範囲に流れるように電流リミッタ(図示せず)が入っている。内燃機関1が始動するまでは電動機電流が所定の加速電流値となるように昇圧電圧値を増加して回転速度を上昇させる。
内燃機関1が始動してアイドリング状態になり、内燃機関の発生トルクに電動機の発生トルクを加えるトルクアシストを行う場合は、昇圧チョッパ回路100を動作させ、バッテリ電圧より大きい電圧に昇圧して電圧を電動機端子に印加することにより、内燃機関1のトルクアシストが可能になる。
図10は、内燃機関1の回転数とモータートルクτの関係を示すものであり、例えば内燃機関1の回転数N=400rpm間での範囲で最大のモータートルクτが得られるよう昇圧チョッパ回路9を動作させる。このとき電動機の電流位相は回転速度とアシストトルクの大きさで左右されるが、図11の界磁電流成分の制御は回転速度の上昇とともに弱め界磁電流成分となるように弱め界磁制御も行う。
昇圧チョッパ回路100の動作は、主バッテリ10と並列に設けているスイッチング素子101をオンすると瞬間的にリアクトル93を介して主バッテリ10を短絡することになり、リアクトルには大きい短絡電流が流れている状態で、スイッチング素子101をオフするとリアクトルに蓄えられたエネルギーがダイオード92を介して平滑用コンデンサ11を充電し、インバータ5の入力側の電圧を上昇することができる。すなわち電圧の大きさを制御できるのでPAM制御(Pulse amplitude modulation)ができる。
このときインバータ主回路5は、制御回路6のドライバ信号で通流率を大きめもしくは100(%)に設定できる。この結果、電動発電機3の入力電圧が大きくなり、内燃機関1の始動後でも電動発電機3の逆起電力より昇圧することにより、電動機端子電圧を大きくできるので、電動機の固定子巻線内に加速電流を流すことができ、内燃機関1のトルクをアシストするトルクを発生することができることになる。
なお、内燃機関1の始動時に昇圧チョッパ回路100を動作させると、同一の入力の場合はインバータ制御による電流位相制御と電動発電機3の電動機端子電圧を大きくすることができるので、電動機の始動電流が小さくでき、インバータ主回路5のスイッチング素子51a〜51fの電流容量を小さくできる。
次に、発電動作を行う場合は、昇圧チョッパ回路100を動作させないで、図2に示した場合と同様に降圧チョッパ回路9を動作させる。この場合も、弱め界磁のためにインバータ主回路5と制御回路6の動作によるの固定子巻線34の電流位相制御と降圧チョッパ回路9との併用で、発電効率の高い運転ができる。
なお、この場合でも低電圧系統への電力の供給は、高電圧系統からDC−DCコンバータ10を介して降圧してバッテリ8の充電電圧に制御する。
なお、弱め界磁電流成分があまりにも大きい場合には、界磁巻線の銅損が大きくなるので、永久磁石型モーターよりも、誘導電動機の方が良い。
なお、車両の運転モードによって、永久磁石形誘導同期電動発電機3は電動機、発電機としての動作に切替えるが、モード切替および永久磁石形誘導同期電動発電機3への指令値は自動車としての主コントローラ4で判断、計算を行い、インバータ5の制御回路6のマイコン61に指令値を入力することで、永久磁石形誘導同期電動発電機3を制御する。
図9に、この実施例における動作フローを示す。内燃機関の始動直後、アクセルの踏み込み量が大きいすなわちトルクアシストが必要な場合(ステップ440)、強め界磁制御を行い、さらに回転速度が上昇すると界磁電流成分が減少(弱め界磁制御)するようにドライバ信号を制御して電流位相を調整するとともに、昇圧チョッパ制御も行う(ステップ440)。
本発明では、電動発電機として誘導電動機を採用することもできる。図12(a),(b)に、バッテリ電圧を一定にした状態で電動機運転時の電動機運転時のモータトルクと固定子巻線の電流位相の制御による弱め界磁電流成分の回転速度に対する変化を示している。一般に、低回転速度でトルクが必要とするときは強め界磁電流成分が得られるように制御し、高回転速度では逆起電力を小さくするために弱め界磁電流成分が得られるように電流位相を制御する。図7(b)で界磁電流成分が正の場合は強め界磁で、負の場合は弱め界磁制御となる。
電動発電機B(特性B)は最大トルクにおける回転速度が2000rpmで、最大回転速度が6000rpmの場合を示している。電動発電機Bの弱め界磁率は2000:6000なので1:3となる。一方、電動発電機A(特性A)は、最大トルクにおける回転速度を500rpmとして、最大回転速度を6000rpmとした場合で、これより電動発電機Aの弱め界磁率は500:6000で1:12となる。
電動発電機を発電機運転時する場合は、内燃機関のアイドリング回転速度(700rpm前後)から内燃機関の最大回転速度(6000rpm)範囲で発電動作を行うので、高回転速度時には固定子巻線の電流位相を調整する方式では発電電圧が大きすぎるので弱め界磁電流成分量が十分得られずバッテリ充電電圧に一致させることは困難である。本発明の方法により、電動発電機として特性Bのような誘導電動機を用いることも可能になる。
以上述べたように、本発明によれば、バッテリを搭載したハイブリッド車であって内燃機関に連結された電動発電機を低速から高速までの範囲にわたり電動機運転あるいは発電機運転するものにおいて、特性が安定した電動トルク特性と発電特性が得られ、かつ高効率で制御ができるハイブリッド車における電動発電機及びその制御方法を提供することができる。
すなわち、本発明によれば、内燃機関を始動するためと発電電力を得る電動発電機を、内燃機関とトランスミッションの間に直結して、バッテリの電力でインバータを介して内燃機関の始動及び発電動作を行うシステムにおいて、内燃機関始動時は主(42V系)バッテリとインバータの間に昇圧チョッパ回路を挿入して、インバータ入力の直流電圧入力を昇圧チョッパ回路の動作で高電圧化して電動発電機の電動機動作時に印加するようにしたことにより、従来の固定子巻線の電流位相制御による強め、弱め界磁制御のみの場合に比して、電動機時、発電機時とも運転できる回転速度領域が広がり、かつ高効率で安定した動作が得られる効果がある。
また、一般的な永久磁石式同期発電機の問題点である(弱め界磁は出力を発生しない。)バッテリ充電電圧を上回る誘起電圧を抑制するために行う弱め界磁電流制御成分の大きさを、電圧昇圧機能及び電圧降圧機能のおかげで小さく設定できる効果もある。
さらに内燃機関始動時は、電動発電機の電動機運転時に高トルクが要求され、始動電流が大きくなるが、バッテリ電圧を昇圧して高電圧の状態でインバータに入力して電動機に印加できるので、高電圧で出力を確保し、始動電流を小さくすることができる。その結果、インバータの主回路のスイッチング素子の電流容量を小さくできるので、コスト的に安価なインバータとすることができる。
また、本発明は、電動発電機として、永久磁石形同期電動発電機、爪形磁極同期電動発電機及び誘導電動機のいずれを用いた場合でも内燃機関の運転回転速度範囲で良好な始動特性並びに高効率が得られる効果がある。
【図面の簡単な説明】
図1は、本発明の一実施例を示す自動車用電動発電機のシステム構成ブロック図である。
図2は、本発明の一実施例を示す電動発電機とシステムの回路構成図である。
図3は、本発明の動作モードの説明図である。
図4は、本発明の一実施例の動作フローを示す図である。
図5は、本発明の一実施例の電動発電機の発電機動作時で降圧チョッパ動作時のシステム動作説明図である。
図6は、降圧チョッパの動作説明図である。
図7は、本発明の他の実施例になる自動車用電動発電機のシステム構成ブロック図である。
図8は、図7の実施例の電動発電機とシステムの回路構成図である。
図9は、本発明の他の実施例の動作フローを示す図である。
図10は昇圧チョッパの動作説明図である。
図11は、本発明の他の実施例の電動機発電機の電動機運転時の回転速度に対する昇圧チョッパ回路動作時のシステム動作説明図。トルク特性と弱め界磁電流の説明図である。
図12は、回転速度範囲が異なる電動発電機の電動機運転時の始動トルクと固定子巻線電流の位相調整によって得られる界磁電流成分の回転速度に対する変化の説明図である。
Technical field
The present invention relates to a motor generator and a control method thereof in a hybrid vehicle including a motor generator connected to an engine as a drive source, and in particular, controls a current phase of an armature current to adjust a field current component. The present invention relates to a motor generator that performs control and a control method thereof.
Background art
Conventionally, as a hybrid vehicle, (1) a generator is driven by the rotational force of an engine, which is an internal combustion engine, to obtain electric power, and a motor connected to the axle is driven by this electric power, and the vehicle is driven by the driving force generated by the motor. Series hybrid systems (for example, JP-A-8-298696, JP-A-6-245322, USP52214358) and (2) a part of the rotational force of the internal combustion engine is converted into electric power, but other rotations There is a parallel hybrid system (for example, US Pat. No. 5,081,365) in which the force is transmitted to the axle as a driving force and travels by both the motor driving force using the generated electric power and the axle driving force of the internal combustion engine.
However, in the prior art, a motor and two inverter circuits for driving the motor are necessary, and a planetary gear mechanism must be newly arranged, and a significant improvement of the vehicle is necessary. A cost increase is inevitable.
Therefore, as disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 7-298696, a one-motor system has been proposed in which a rotating electric machine is directly connected to a crankshaft of an internal combustion engine, driven by a single rotating electric machine, and power generation is switched according to an operation mode. This method is advantageous in comparison with the above-described two-motor method in that it can be added to the current vehicle.
On the other hand, in both the 1-motor system and 2-motor system, the rotary electric machine is of a claw type having the same principle configuration as that of a synchronous magnet type motor generator in which a permanent magnet is arranged on a rotor or an alternator that is an automobile generator. A magnetic synchronous motor generator or a cage induction motor generator in which a secondary conductor is provided in a cage shape on a rotor is used. When starting the internal combustion engine, the output voltage of the 42V system battery is controlled by the inverter to control the voltage, current and frequency, and the motor generator is operated as a motor. After the internal combustion engine is started, the motor generator is generated and the generated voltage is charged by the battery. It is configured to be controlled by an inverter so as to be a voltage.
On the other hand, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 11-220812 discloses a step-up / step-down chopper disposed between a battery and an inverter so that the DC input voltage of the inverter or the like is substantially constant.
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
The following problems exist in a one-motor type motor generator used as a motor generator in a hybrid vehicle.
(1) A high torque characteristic in a low rotation range such as when starting an internal combustion engine and a high output power generation characteristic capable of obtaining a high power generation current from an idling rotation speed to a high rotation range must be compatible.
(2) The rotational speed (around 700 rpm) for generating the torque required for starting the internal combustion engine (maximum torque generated by the motor) of (1) above, and the motor rotational speed at the maximum allowable rotational speed of the internal combustion engine (6000 rpm or more) Is in a relationship of 1:10 or more.
(3) A sufficient assist torque for assisting the torque of the internal combustion engine at a rotational speed equal to or higher than the internal combustion engine start rotational speed cannot be obtained.
(4) A motor generator mounted on the vehicle is electrically operated at start-up and generates power during power generation. As a power source, a battery that charges and discharges within a voltage change range centered on a certain voltage is used. Yes. For this reason, when charging is performed at a voltage that greatly exceeds the charging voltage of the battery, such as during high-speed rotation of the internal combustion engine, there is a risk of damaging the worst battery.
Regardless of which motor generator is used, it is necessary to solve the above problems. In general, the rotational speed N of the motor generator during motor operation is proportional to the applied voltage V and inversely proportional to the field magnetic flux component amount φ. The torque τ is proportional to the product of the motor current Im and the field magnetic flux component amount φ, and the back electromotive force during motor operation and the generated voltage during the generator operation are proportional to the product of the rotational speed N and the field magnetic flux component amount φ. To do. Therefore, it is necessary to construct a system so that a predetermined torque and a predetermined generated power can be obtained for any motor generator even if the rotational speed range is wide.
In general, the current phase is controlled so that a strong field current component is obtained when torque is required at a low rotational speed, and a weak field current component is obtained at a high rotational speed in order to reduce the counter electromotive force. To control.
However, when the motor generator is operated as a generator, the power generation operation is performed in the range from the idling rotation speed (around 700 rpm) of the internal combustion engine to the maximum rotation speed (6000 rpm or more) of the internal combustion engine. In the method of adjusting the current phase of the line, since the generated voltage is too large, the field weakening current component amount cannot be obtained sufficiently and it is difficult to match the battery charging voltage. Further, when starting the internal combustion engine by operating the motor, there is a problem that the starting current of the motor is large and the current capacity of the switching element of the inverter main circuit becomes too large.
An object of the present invention is to solve the above-mentioned problems, and is a hybrid vehicle equipped with a battery, in which a motor generator connected to an internal combustion engine is operated as a motor or a generator over a range from low speed to high speed. It is an object of the present invention to provide a motor generator and a control method thereof in a hybrid vehicle that can obtain electric torque characteristics and power generation characteristics with stable characteristics and can be controlled with high efficiency.
Disclosure of the invention
A feature of the present invention is that it is mechanically connected to a crankshaft of an internal combustion engine that drives a vehicle, starts the internal combustion engine with electric power supplied from a battery, and generates electric power by rotation from the internal combustion engine to charge the battery. A hybrid vehicle comprising: a motor generator for driving; an inverter for controlling driving or power generation of the motor generator; and a control circuit for controlling the inverter; and driving the motor generator with electric power of the battery An internal combustion engine is started, and after the internal combustion engine is started, the battery is charged by a power generation operation of the motor generator using the power of the internal combustion engine. The battery is provided between the battery and the inverter. A step-down chopper circuit is provided, and step-down control is performed via the step-down chopper circuit so that the generated voltage becomes the charging voltage of the battery. As in that it has to.
Another feature of the present invention is that the battery is mechanically connected to a crankshaft of an internal combustion engine that drives a vehicle, starts the internal combustion engine with electric power supplied from a battery, and generates electric power by rotation from the internal combustion engine. A hybrid vehicle comprising: a motor generator for charging the motor; an inverter for controlling drive or power generation of the motor generator; and a control circuit for controlling the inverter; wherein the motor generator is driven by electric power of the battery. The internal combustion engine is started, and after the internal combustion engine is started, the battery is charged by the power generation operation of the motor generator using the power of the internal combustion engine. When the motor generator is started with the power of the battery, the battery voltage is boosted to drive the motor generator before It lies in the fact that so as to start the internal combustion engine.
Another feature of the present invention is that the battery is mechanically connected to a crankshaft of an internal combustion engine that drives a vehicle, starts the internal combustion engine with electric power supplied from a battery, and generates electric power by rotation from the internal combustion engine. A motor generator control method in a hybrid vehicle comprising a motor generator for charging a motor, an inverter for controlling driving or power generation of the motor generator, and a control circuit for controlling the inverter, wherein the electric power of the battery The motor generator is driven to start the internal combustion engine, and after starting the internal combustion engine, the motor is charged by the power generation operation of the motor generator using the power of the internal combustion engine. When the power generation voltage of the machine is higher than the charging voltage of the battery, the power generation voltage becomes the charging voltage of the battery via a step-down chopper circuit. In that to perform step-down control to so that.
According to the present invention, when the motor generator is functioned as a motor to start an internal combustion engine or perform torque assist, the battery voltage is boosted by the boosting circuit and applied to the input of the inverter. Is controlled to a predetermined rotational speed by command. That is, by adjusting the current phase of the stator windings and adjusting the field magnetic flux component amount, control is performed so that a predetermined torque is obtained at a predetermined armature current at a predetermined rotational speed. As a result, the voltage can be increased by the step-up chopper circuit, so that the field current component can be increased and the starting torque can be increased.
Further, during the power generation operation, when the generated voltage is larger than the battery charge voltage, the high generated voltage can be stepped down to coincide with the battery charge voltage by the step-down chopper provided between the battery and the inverter input terminal.
Thus, according to the present invention, in a hybrid vehicle equipped with a battery, in which a motor generator connected to an internal combustion engine is operated or driven over a range from a low speed to a high speed, the characteristics are stable. It is possible to provide a motor generator in a hybrid vehicle that can obtain electric torque characteristics and power generation characteristics and can be controlled with high efficiency, and a control method therefor.
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
Examples of the present invention will be described below. FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing a basic configuration of a motor generator system in a hybrid vehicle employing a permanent magnet field synchronous motor generator.
In the motor generator system of FIG. 1, the motor generator 3 drives the internal combustion engine 1 and at the same time performs a power generation operation after starting the internal combustion engine 1 to charge the main battery 10 for high voltage (for example, 42V system). To do. In this configuration, a flat motor generator 3 is provided between the internal combustion engine 1 and the transmission 2. Here, the motor generator 3 is a permanent magnet field synchronous motor generator. The output of the motor generator 3 is led to the step-down chopper circuit 9 via the inverter main circuit 5, and the generated voltage is stepped down to a predetermined battery charging voltage by the step-down chopper circuit 9 and supplied to the main battery 10. Further, an auxiliary battery 8 for low voltage (for example, 14V system) is connected to the step-down chopper circuit 9 in parallel with the main battery 10. Although not shown, the auxiliary battery 8 is connected to a lamp load, audio, and the like.
The overall control of the hybrid vehicle is performed by the main controller 4, and the M / G control circuit 6 controls the inverter main circuit 5 and the step-down chopper circuit 9 based on the operation command signal 70 and the like from the main controller 4. The engine control unit 40 controls the internal combustion engine 1 based on a command from the main controller 4 or the like. Similarly, the battery controller 41 controls the DC / DC converter 7 based on a command from the main controller 4, controls the output from the motor generator 3 to a charging voltage of 14V, and charges the low voltage battery 8.
When the internal combustion engine 1 is started, the internal combustion engine 1 is started by an electric operation of the motor generator 3. That is, the battery power enters the inverter main circuit 5 through the diode from the current from the main battery 10, and the output of the inverter main circuit 5 is controlled to a predetermined amount of power by the control software of the M / G control circuit 6. The machine 3 operates as an electric motor to start the internal combustion engine 1.
On the other hand, the power generation operation of the motor generator 3 is an operation of charging the battery after the internal combustion engine 1 is started. In this operation, the motor generator 3 generates power with the power from the internal combustion engine 1, and at least the battery charging voltage voltage Vb1, the input voltage of the inverter 5 or the power generator voltage Vg on the motor generator 3 side has a relationship of Vb1 ≦ Vg. It is true at some point. In any driving state of the vehicle, Vg is controlled to the battery charging voltage when charging the battery. If the generated voltage Vg is larger than the battery charge voltage Vb1, the M / G control circuit 6 constituting the main circuit 5 of the inverter is controlled, and the field magnetic flux component amount is weakened by the current phase control of the armature current. The generated voltage is controlled to be a battery charge voltage by controlling the magnetic field.
FIG. 2 shows an example of the detailed circuit of FIG. 1 in which a motor generator 3 is provided between the internal combustion engine 1 and the transmission 2. A step-down chopper circuit 9 is provided between the inverter 5 and the main battery 10 and the auxiliary battery 8. The M / G control circuit 6 includes a control microcomputer 61 and a driver signal circuit 62. The control microcomputer 61 includes a CPU, a memory, and various control software held in the memory, and includes an operation command signal 70 from the main controller 4, an inverter input voltage signal 63, a charging voltage signal 64, and a current of the motor generator 3. The position detection signal (and rotation speed signal) 65 is taken in, and a control signal for the driver signal circuit 62 and a control signal for the step-down chopper circuit 9 are generated and output.
In the permanent magnet field synchronous motor generator 3, a rotor is constituted by the rotor core 31 and the permanent magnet field 32 constituting the magnetic pole. A claw-shaped magnetic pole type motor / generator may be adopted as the motor / generator. In this case, the rotor is composed of S and N-pole claw magnetic poles surrounding the exciting coil. In addition, an induction motor may be employed as the motor generator. In that case, the rotor is configured by arranging a secondary conductor in a cage shape in a slot provided in the rotor core.
On the other hand, the stator has a configuration in which a three-phase stator winding 34 is wound in a slot provided in the stator core 33, and a housing 35 is provided on the outer peripheral side of the stator 35 to provide a cooling water cooling passage (not shown). )). As the three-phase stator winding 34, both normal distributed winding and concentrated winding can be wound.
The rotor (31, 32) of the motor generator 3 is directly connected to the crankshaft of the internal combustion engine 1. If the motor generator 3 is provided in the transmission 2, the rotor of the motor generator 3 is directly connected to the transmission shaft.
A terminal of the three-phase stator winding of the permanent magnet induction synchronous motor generator 3 mechanically coupled to the internal combustion engine 1 is electrically connected to the inverter main circuit 5 by a three-phase wiring 4. The inverter main circuit 5 includes switching elements 51a to 51f and feedback diodes 52a to 52f of three-phase arms, and the switching operation of the switching elements 51a to 51f is performed by a driver signal generator 62 of the M / G control circuit 6. The driver signal circuit 62 is controlled by a control signal from the control microcomputer 61.
A smoothing capacitor 11 is provided on the input side of the inverter main circuit 5, and a step-down chopper 9 is provided between the main battery 10, the capacitor 12, and the smoothing capacitor 11. The step-down chopper 9 includes an antiparallel circuit of a switching element 91 and a diode 92, a reactor 93, and a diode 94.
In FIG. 2, when starting the internal combustion engine 1, the electric power of the main battery 10 charges the capacitor 12 and charges the smoothing capacitor 11 via the reactor 93 and the diode 92, and the voltage is applied to the inverter main circuit 5. Is done.
The M / G control circuit 6 that operates the inverter main circuit 5 generates a position signal (and rotational speed signal) 65 from the position detection circuit 37 based on a detection signal of the position sensor (Hall IC, resolver, etc.) 36 of the motor generator 3. The data is taken into the microcomputer 61. Further, the output of the smoothing capacitor 11 and the main battery 10 or the charging voltage (inverter input voltage) signal 64 is detected and taken into the control microcomputer 61. The microcomputer 61 sends a signal to be sent to the driver signal generator 62 by a detection signal such as an operation command signal 70, a position detection signal (and a rotation speed signal) 65, a battery output voltage signal 64, and an inverter input voltage signal 63 during operation of the motor. Then, a driver signal is given to the gates of the switching elements 51a to 51f to start the motor or perform torque assist.
FIG. 3 shows the relationship between the operation mode and the control of the electric motor, the battery voltage Vb, etc. Strong field control is performed when the internal combustion engine is started. That is, the control microcomputer 61 performs PWM control (pulse width modulation) based on the operation command signal 70 on the inverter main circuit 5 at the start, but in order to increase the start torque, the control microcomputer 61 applies the stator winding to the stator winding. The driver signal is controlled such that the phase of the flowing current is increased to the field current component If by + If1 (strong field control).
When torque assist is required after starting the internal combustion engine, strong field control or boosting operation is performed, and when the rotational speed further increases, the field current component is reduced to -If2 (weak field control) by controlling the driver signal. Adjust the phase.
When the rotational speed of the internal combustion engine further increases, the power generation mode is entered. That is, since the generated voltage of the motor generator 3 is higher than the charging voltage Vb0 of the main battery 10, the generated voltage becomes the charging voltage of the main battery 10 while performing field weakening or reducing the conduction rate of the step-down chopper. The voltage of the step-down chopper is controlled so as to match.
The embodiment shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 performs the start-up and power generation operation modes, and the other embodiments described later also perform the torque assist operation mode.
Next, the power generation operation of the motor generator 3 in the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 will be described with reference to FIGS.
FIG. 4 shows a flow of the power generation operation of the motor generator 3. When the key switch is turned on (step 402), the internal combustion engine is driven by the motor generator 3 (step 404), and the internal combustion engine is started (step 406). After starting, if the charging voltage Vb of the main battery 10 has not reached the predetermined charging voltage Vb (step 408), it waits until it reaches the charging voltage Vb (step 410), and then checks whether the idling speed has been reached (step 410). Step 412) When the idling speed has been reached, the power generation operation is performed. During the power generation operation, the rotational power of the internal combustion engine 1 is input to the generator to obtain the generated power of the voltage Vg. The generator also charges the smoothing capacitor 11 via the diodes 52a to 52f of the inverter main circuit 5 with three-phase AC. (Steps 416 to 418). If the voltage Vg of the smoothing capacitor 11 is equal to the charging voltage Vb of the main battery 10, the conduction rate of the switching element 91 of the step-down chopper 9 is set to 100 (%) (step 420), and the main battery is connected via the reactor 93. 10 is charged (step 422).
That is, when the rotational speed of the internal combustion engine increases, the power generation voltage of the motor generator 3 becomes higher than the charging voltage of the main battery 10. For this reason, field weakening control is performed such that the current phase of the inverter main circuit 5 is controlled to reduce the generated voltage. As a result, the generated voltage is controlled to a certain number of revolutions, but at higher rotation speeds, there is a limit due to the temperature rise of the winding, so the field ratio of the step-down chopper is reduced while performing a slight field weakening. The voltage of the step-down chopper is controlled so as to match the charging voltage of the main battery 10.
FIG. 5 shows the operation. The horizontal axis is the rotational speed of the internal combustion engine 1 (rotational speed of the motor generator 3), and the vertical axis is the capacitor voltage of the smoothing capacitor 11 determined by the generated voltage value Vg of the motor generator 3. Vc1 shows a change with respect to the rotation speed when the strong field control is performed by adjusting the phase of the armature current and when the weak field control is performed.
In FIG. 5, when the internal combustion engine 1 is started and the rotational speed N1 at idling is set, the smoothing capacitor voltage generated by the generated voltage is maintained at a minimum charging current at Vc1. At this time, if the field component of the generator motor 3 is subjected to strong field control, when the field current component If1 is on the strong field side and the rotational speed of the internal combustion engine 1 increases to N2, The voltage Vg2 is obtained, and the voltage of the smoothing capacitor is increased to Vc2. Therefore, in order to make the voltage Vc2 of the smoothing capacitor coincide with the battery charging voltage Vb1, the current phase of the motor is controlled to perform field weakening current control. In this case, the step-down chopper circuit does not have to operate if the battery charging voltage can be controlled only by the field weakening current component, but when the rotational speed is N2 or higher, the increase in copper loss due to field weakening control increases. Therefore, when the rotation speed is N2 or higher, the step-down chopper circuit 9 is operated, and the main battery 10 is charged by increasing the voltage conversion ratio so that the voltage Vc2 of the smoothing capacitor 11 matches the battery charging voltage Vb1. .
Further, when the rotation speed of the internal combustion engine 1 increases to reach the maximum rotation speed N3, the field weakening current component cannot be increased. Therefore, by further increasing the voltage conversion ratio (Vc3 / Vb1) of the step-down chopper 6, the maximum The main battery 10 can be charged even at a rotational speed. Here, the setting of the field-weakening current control amount and the voltage conversion ratio of the step-down chopper can be set so that the maximum efficiency can be obtained as the power generation efficiency.
FIG. 6 shows the relationship between the rotational speed N of the internal combustion engine 1 and the voltage Vc2 of the smoothing capacitor in the above embodiment. At the rotational speed N = 700 rrpm or higher, the step-down chopper corresponds to the increase in the rotational speed N. The voltage step-down amount increases, and the voltage Vc2 of the smoothing capacitor is maintained at a constant value Vb1.
Returning to the flow of the power generation operation of the motor generator 3 in FIG. 4 again, if the charging voltage Vb of the main battery 10 has reached the predetermined charging voltage Vb in step 408, or the charging voltage Vb by power generation after starting. Then, it is determined whether or not the engine is in the idling stop mode (step 424). If it is not in the idling stop mode, the battery voltage control is continued (step 426). In the case of an idle stop for a temporary stop (step 430), the engine is stopped (step 432), the process waits until the accelerator is turned on again (step 404), and the motor generator 3 restarts the engine. . If the key switch is off, engine stop processing is performed, and the process returns to step 4042.
Next, another embodiment of the present invention is shown in FIGS. In this embodiment, as described above, when torque assist is required after starting the internal combustion engine, strong field control or boosting operation is performed, and when the rotational speed further increases, the field current component is reduced to -If2. (Field weakening control) controls the driver signal to adjust the current phase.
First, FIG. 7 shows a main configuration of a motor generator drive system similar to FIG. In this embodiment, a step-up / step-down chopper circuit 100 having a step-down function and a step-up function is provided between the main battery 10 and the inverter main circuit 5, and the stator main circuit 5 and the control circuit 6 perform stator winding operation during motor operation. The current phase control and step-up chopper circuit 100 are operated, and during power generation operation, the stator winding current phase control and step-down chopper circuit 9 are operated in the same manner as in FIG. 1 so that the generated voltage always becomes the battery charge voltage. The voltage control is performed. Note that the main controller and the like having the same configuration as in FIG. 1 are not shown.
Next, the difference from FIG. 2 in the circuit diagram of FIG. 8 will be mainly described.
In FIG. 8, the boost chopper circuit 100 includes a switching element 101 and a feedback diode 102. The reactor 93 is also necessary when the step-up chopper circuit 100 is operated, and is shared with the case where the step-down chopper circuit 9 is operated. The low voltage system battery 8 and the DC / DC converter 7 are connected between the main battery 10 and the step-up / step-down chopper circuit 100 as in FIGS.
Next, the operation will be described with reference to 8. When the motor generator 3 is driven as an electric motor to start the internal combustion engine 1 as described above, the step-up chopper circuit 100 is operated and set higher than the battery voltage.
At this time, the current phase control of the stator winding 34 controlled by the inverter main circuit 5 and the control circuit 6 is a field current component that becomes a strong field when the rotational speed of the internal combustion engine is N1, as shown in FIG. To be obtained. The boosted voltage value at this time includes a current limiter (not shown) so that the stator winding current flows in a range of a predetermined acceleration current value. Until the internal combustion engine 1 is started, the boost voltage value is increased to increase the rotation speed so that the motor current becomes a predetermined acceleration current value.
When the internal combustion engine 1 is started and enters an idling state, and torque assist is performed to add the generated torque of the electric motor to the generated torque of the internal combustion engine, the boost chopper circuit 100 is operated to boost the voltage to a voltage higher than the battery voltage. By applying to the electric motor terminal, torque assist of the internal combustion engine 1 becomes possible.
FIG. 10 shows the relationship between the rotational speed of the internal combustion engine 1 and the motor torque τ. For example, the boost chopper circuit 9 is configured so that the maximum motor torque τ is obtained in the range of the rotational speed N = 400 rpm of the internal combustion engine 1. To work. At this time, the current phase of the motor depends on the rotational speed and the magnitude of the assist torque, but the field current component control in FIG. 11 also performs field weakening control so that the field current current component becomes weaker as the rotational speed increases.
The operation of the step-up chopper circuit 100 is such that when the switching element 101 provided in parallel with the main battery 10 is turned on, the main battery 10 is instantaneously short-circuited via the reactor 93, and a large short-circuit current flows through the reactor. When the switching element 101 is turned off while the switching element 101 is turned on, the energy stored in the reactor can charge the smoothing capacitor 11 via the diode 92 and the voltage on the input side of the inverter 5 can be increased. That is, since the magnitude of the voltage can be controlled, PAM control (Pulse Amplitude Modulation) can be performed.
At this time, the inverter main circuit 5 can increase the conduction rate or set it to 100 (%) by the driver signal of the control circuit 6. As a result, the input voltage of the motor generator 3 is increased, and even after the internal combustion engine 1 is started, the motor terminal voltage can be increased by boosting it from the counter electromotive force of the motor generator 3. Thus, it is possible to flow an acceleration current to generate torque that assists the torque of the internal combustion engine 1.
If the boost chopper circuit 100 is operated when the internal combustion engine 1 is started, the current phase control by the inverter control and the motor terminal voltage of the motor generator 3 can be increased in the case of the same input. The current capacity of the switching elements 51a to 51f of the inverter main circuit 5 can be reduced.
Next, when performing the power generation operation, the step-up chopper circuit 9 is operated as in the case shown in FIG. 2 without operating the step-up chopper circuit 100. Also in this case, operation with high power generation efficiency can be achieved by using the current phase control of the stator winding 34 by the operation of the inverter main circuit 5 and the control circuit 6 and the step-down chopper circuit 9 due to the field weakening.
Even in this case, the power supply to the low voltage system is stepped down from the high voltage system via the DC-DC converter 10 and controlled to the charging voltage of the battery 8.
When the field weakening current component is too large, the copper loss of the field winding increases, so the induction motor is better than the permanent magnet motor.
The permanent magnet induction synchronous motor generator 3 is switched to the operation as a motor and a generator depending on the operation mode of the vehicle, but the command value to the mode switch and the permanent magnet induction synchronous motor generator 3 is the main value as an automobile. The controller 4 performs judgment and calculation, and inputs a command value to the microcomputer 61 of the control circuit 6 of the inverter 5 to control the permanent magnet induction synchronous motor generator 3.
FIG. 9 shows an operation flow in this embodiment. Immediately after starting the internal combustion engine, if the amount of depression of the accelerator is large, that is, if torque assist is required (step 440), strong field control is performed, and if the rotational speed further increases, the driver signal so that the field current component decreases (weak field control) Is controlled to adjust the current phase, and step-up chopper control is also performed (step 440).
In the present invention, an induction motor may be employed as the motor generator. FIGS. 12 (a) and 12 (b) show changes in the field weakening current component with respect to the rotational speed by controlling the motor torque and the current phase of the stator winding during motor operation when the battery voltage is constant. Is shown. In general, the current phase is controlled so that a strong field current component is obtained when torque is required at a low rotational speed, and a weak field current component is obtained at a high rotational speed in order to reduce the counter electromotive force. To control. In FIG. 7B, when the field current component is positive, the field strength is strong, and when the field current component is negative, the field weakening control is performed.
In the motor generator B (characteristic B), the rotation speed at the maximum torque is 2000 rpm, and the maximum rotation speed is 6000 rpm. Since the field weakening factor of the motor generator B is 2000: 6000, it is 1: 3. On the other hand, in the motor generator A (characteristic A), the rotation speed at the maximum torque is 500 rpm, and the maximum rotation speed is 6000 rpm. From this, the field weakening factor of the motor generator A is 500: 6000 and 1:12. Become.
When the motor generator is operated as a generator, since the power generation operation is performed in the range of the idling rotation speed (around 700 rpm) of the internal combustion engine to the maximum rotation speed (6000 rpm) of the internal combustion engine, the current of the stator winding is high at the high rotation speed. In the method of adjusting the phase, since the generated voltage is too large, the field weakening current component amount cannot be sufficiently obtained and it is difficult to match the battery charging voltage. According to the method of the present invention, an induction motor having the characteristic B can be used as a motor generator.
As described above, according to the present invention, in a hybrid vehicle equipped with a battery, the motor generator connected to the internal combustion engine is operated or driven by a generator over a range from low speed to high speed. It is possible to provide a motor generator and a control method thereof in a hybrid vehicle that can obtain stable electric torque characteristics and power generation characteristics and can be controlled with high efficiency.
That is, according to the present invention, the motor generator for starting the internal combustion engine and obtaining the generated power is directly connected between the internal combustion engine and the transmission, and the internal combustion engine is started and generated by the battery power via the inverter. When the internal combustion engine is started, a boost chopper circuit is inserted between the main (42V system) battery and the inverter, and the DC voltage input of the inverter input is increased by the operation of the boost chopper circuit. By applying at the time of motor operation, the rotational speed range that can be operated both at the time of the motor and the generator is widened, compared to the case of the conventional method of strengthening and weakening only the field phase control of the stator winding, and There is an effect that a highly efficient and stable operation can be obtained.
Moreover, it is a problem of a general permanent magnet type synchronous generator (the field weakening does not generate an output). The magnitude of the field weakening current control component that is performed in order to suppress the induced voltage exceeding the battery charging voltage. The voltage boosting function and the voltage step-down function can also be set to be small.
Furthermore, when the internal combustion engine is started, a high torque is required during motor operation of the motor generator, and the starting current increases.However, since the battery voltage can be boosted and input to the inverter in a high voltage state, it can be applied to the motor. The output can be secured by the voltage, and the starting current can be reduced. As a result, since the current capacity of the switching element of the main circuit of the inverter can be reduced, an inexpensive inverter can be obtained.
Further, the present invention provides good starting characteristics and high performance within the operating rotational speed range of an internal combustion engine, regardless of whether a permanent magnet type synchronous motor generator, a claw-shaped magnetic pole synchronous motor generator, or an induction motor is used as a motor generator. There is an effect that efficiency can be obtained.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is a system configuration block diagram of a motor generator for an automobile showing an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a circuit configuration diagram of a motor generator and a system showing an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is an explanatory diagram of the operation mode of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a diagram showing an operation flow of one embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is an explanatory diagram of the system operation during the step-down chopper operation during the generator operation of the motor generator according to the embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is an operation explanatory diagram of the step-down chopper.
FIG. 7 is a system configuration block diagram of an automobile motor generator according to another embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 8 is a circuit configuration diagram of the motor generator and system of the embodiment of FIG.
FIG. 9 is a diagram showing an operation flow of another embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 10 is an explanatory diagram of the operation of the step-up chopper.
FIG. 11 is a system operation explanatory diagram when the step-up chopper circuit is operated with respect to the rotation speed during motor operation of the motor generator according to another embodiment of the present invention. It is explanatory drawing of a torque characteristic and field weakening current.
FIG. 12 is an explanatory diagram of changes in the rotational speed of the field current component obtained by adjusting the phase of the starting torque and the stator winding current during motor operation of motor generators having different rotational speed ranges.

Claims (18)

  1. 車両の駆動源として内燃機関及び車載電源としてバッテリをそれぞれ備えるハイブリッド車に搭載された電動発電システムにおいて、内燃機関のクランク軸に機械的に連結された電動発電機と、該電動発電機を制御するためのインバータと、該インバータを制御するための制御回路と、バッテリと前記インバータとの間に設けられた電圧制御回路とを有し、前記電動発電機は、バッテリから供給された電力を、前記インバータを介して受けて駆動力を発生するものであって、内燃機関からの動力を受けて発電し、この電力をバッテリに前記インバータを介して供給するものであり、前記インバータは、前記制御回路からの指令を受けて前記電動発電機の駆動及び前記電動発電機の発電を制御しており、前記電動発電機が内燃機関からの動力を受けて発電し、この電力をバッテリに前記インバータを介して供給する場合、前記電圧制御回路による降圧制御と、前記電動発電機の固定子巻線の電流位相を、弱め界磁成分が得られるように前記インバータで制御する弱め界磁制御とを行い、前記電動発電機の発電電圧とバッテリの充電電圧とを一致するようにすることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。A motor generator system mounted on a hybrid vehicle that includes an internal combustion engine as a vehicle drive source and a battery as an on-vehicle power source, and a motor generator mechanically coupled to a crankshaft of the internal combustion engine, and controls the motor generator An inverter, a control circuit for controlling the inverter, and a voltage control circuit provided between a battery and the inverter, wherein the motor generator supplies the power supplied from the battery, It receives via an inverter and generates a driving force, receives power from an internal combustion engine to generate electric power, and supplies this electric power to a battery via the inverter, the inverter being the control circuit The motor generator is driven and the motor generator is controlled in response to a command from the motor generator, and the motor generator generates power from the internal combustion engine. Only generates power, when supplied through the inverter to the power in the battery, and the step-down control by the voltage control circuit, the current phase of the electric generator stator windings, so that weak field磁成fraction is obtained And a field weakening control that is controlled by the inverter, so that the power generation voltage of the motor generator and the charging voltage of the battery coincide with each other .
  2. 請求項1に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、前記電動発電機は、永久磁石によって界磁極が構成された回転子或いは爪付磁極によって界磁極が構成された回転子を備えた同期式回転電機であり、前記電動発電機の最大トルクにおける回転速度と前記電動発電機の最大回転速度との比で表される前記電動発電機の弱め界磁率は、前記電動発電機の最大トルクにおける回転速度を1としたとき、前記電動発電機の最大回転速度が4未満となるように設定されていることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。  2. The motor-driven generator system for a hybrid vehicle according to claim 1, wherein the motor generator includes a rotor in which a field pole is configured by a permanent magnet or a rotor in which a field pole is configured by a pawl-shaped magnetic pole. The field weakening factor of the motor generator represented by the ratio of the rotation speed at the maximum torque of the motor generator and the maximum rotation speed of the motor generator is the rotation speed at the maximum torque of the motor generator. 1 is set so that the maximum rotation speed of the motor generator is less than 4.
  3. 請求項1に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、前記電動発電機は、複数個の2次導体が鉄心に配置された回転子を備えた誘導式回転電機であり、前記電動発電機の最大トルクにおける回転速度と前記電動発電機の最大回転速度との比で表される前記電動発電機の弱め界磁率は、前記電動発電機の最大トルクにおける回転速度を1としたとき、前記電動発電機の最大回転速度が3以上となるように設定されていることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。  2. The motor-driven generator system for a hybrid vehicle according to claim 1, wherein the motor-generator is an induction-type rotating electrical machine including a rotor in which a plurality of secondary conductors are arranged on an iron core. The field weakening factor of the motor generator represented by the ratio of the rotation speed at the torque and the maximum rotation speed of the motor generator is set to 1 when the rotation speed at the maximum torque of the motor generator is 1. The maximum electric speed of the vehicle is set to be 3 or more.
  4. 請求項1に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、バッテリが高圧バッテリと高圧バッテリよりも電圧の低い低圧バッテリとを含む場合、前記発電電動機は、主バッテリから供給された電力を、前記インバータを介して受けて駆動力を発生すると共に、内燃機関からの動力を受けて発電し、この電力を主バッテリに前記インバータを介して供給するようになっており、前記電動発電機が内燃機関からの動力を受けて発電し、この電力を主バッテリに前記インバータを介して供給する場合であって、前記前記電動発電機の発電電圧が主バッテリの充電電圧よりも大きい場合、前記電圧制御回路は、前記インバータを介して主バッテリに供給される前記電動発電機の発電電圧が主バッテリの充電電圧になるように、前記電動発電機の発電電圧を降圧するようになっていることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。In the hybrid vehicle electric power generation system according to claim 1, if the battery and a low voltage battery having voltage than the high-voltage battery and the high-voltage battery, the generator motor, the electric power supplied from the main battery, the inverter To generate driving force and to generate power by receiving power from the internal combustion engine, and to supply this power to the main battery via the inverter. The motor generator is supplied from the internal combustion engine. In the case of generating power by receiving power and supplying this power to the main battery via the inverter, when the power generation voltage of the motor generator is larger than the charging voltage of the main battery, the voltage control circuit, The motor generator is configured so that the power generation voltage of the motor generator supplied to the main battery via the inverter becomes the charge voltage of the main battery. Electric power generation system for a hybrid vehicle, characterized by being adapted to step down the electric voltage.
  5. 請求項1に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、前記電動発電機が内燃機関からの動力を受けて発電し、この電力をバッテリに前記インバータを介して供給する場合、内燃機関のアイドリング回転速度付近では、前記電動発電機の固定子巻線の電流位相を、強め界磁成分が得られるように前記インバータで制御する強め界磁制御を行い、内燃機関の回転速度が増加するにしたがって、前記電動発電機の固定子巻線の電流位相を、強め界磁成分が得られるように前記インバータで制御する強め界磁制御を行いながら前記電動発電機の発電電圧をバッテリの充電電圧に維持するようにし、内燃機関の回転速度がさらに増加する領域では、前記電動発電機の固定子巻線の電流位相を、弱め界磁成分が得られるように前記インバータで制御する弱め界磁制御を行うと共に、前記弱め界磁成分を維持した状態で前記電圧制御回路による降圧制御を行い、前記電動発電機の発電電圧とバッテリの充電電圧とを一致させることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。  2. The hybrid vehicle motor generator system according to claim 1, wherein the motor generator generates power by receiving power from the internal combustion engine and supplies the electric power to the battery via the inverter. In the vicinity, the field phase of the stator winding of the motor generator is controlled by the inverter so that a strong field component is obtained, and the motor power generation is performed as the rotational speed of the internal combustion engine increases. An internal combustion engine that maintains a power generation voltage of the motor generator at a charging voltage of a battery while performing a strong field control that controls the current phase of a stator winding of the machine with the inverter so that a strong field component is obtained. In the region where the rotational speed of the motor generator further increases, the current phase of the stator winding of the motor generator is adjusted by the inverter so as to obtain a field weakening component. A hybrid characterized by performing field-weakening control and performing step-down control by the voltage control circuit in a state where the field-weakening component is maintained, so that the generated voltage of the motor generator and the charging voltage of the battery are matched. Motorized power generation system for cars.
  6. 請求項1に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、前記電圧制御回路は降圧チョッパから構成されていることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。  2. The hybrid vehicle motor power generation system according to claim 1, wherein the voltage control circuit includes a step-down chopper.
  7. 車両の駆動源である内燃機関及び車載電源であるバッテリをそれぞれ備えるハイブリッド車に搭載された電動発電システムにおいて、内燃機関のクランク軸に機械的に連結された電動発電機と、該電動発電機を制御するためのインバータと、該インバータを制御するための制御回路と、バッテリと前記インバータとの間に設けられた電圧制御回路とを有し、前記電動発電機は、バッテリから供給された電力を、前記インバータを介して受けて駆動力を発生するものであって、内燃機関からの動力を受けて発電し、この電力をバッテリに前記インバータを介して供給するものであり、前記インバータは、前記制御回路からの指令を受けて前記電動発電機の駆動及び前記電動発電機の発電を制御しており、バッテリからの電力の供給を前記電動発電機が前記インバータを介して受けて駆動力を発生し、この駆動力によって内燃機関を始動する場合、前記電動発電機の固定子巻線の電流位相を、強め界磁電流成分が得られるように前記インバータで制御する強め界磁制御を行うことを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。A motor generator system mounted on a hybrid vehicle that includes an internal combustion engine that is a driving source of a vehicle and a battery that is an on-vehicle power source, and a motor generator mechanically coupled to a crankshaft of the internal combustion engine, and the motor generator An inverter for controlling, a control circuit for controlling the inverter, and a voltage control circuit provided between the battery and the inverter, wherein the motor generator generates electric power supplied from the battery. Receiving the power through the inverter to generate a driving force, receiving power from the internal combustion engine to generate power, and supplying the power to the battery through the inverter, In response to an instruction from a control circuit, the motor generator is driven and the motor generator is controlled to generate electric power from a battery. Machine generates a driving force by receiving via the inverter, when starting the internal combustion engine by the driving force, the current phase of the electric generator stator winding, strong field as current components are obtained A motor-driven power generation system for a hybrid vehicle, which performs strong field control controlled by the inverter .
  8. 請求項に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、前記電動発電機は、永久磁石によって界磁極が構成された回転子或いは爪付磁極によって界磁極が構成された回転子を備えた同期式回転電機であり、前記電動発電機の最大トルクにおける回転速度と前記電動発電機の最大回転速度との比で表される前記電動発電機の弱め界磁率は、前記電動発電機の最大トルクにおける回転速度を1としたとき、前記電動発電機の最大回転速度が4未満となるように設定されていることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。8. The motor-driven generator system for a hybrid vehicle according to claim 7 , wherein the motor generator includes a rotor having a field pole formed by a permanent magnet or a rotor having a field pole formed by a pawl-shaped magnetic pole. The field weakening factor of the motor generator represented by the ratio of the rotation speed at the maximum torque of the motor generator and the maximum rotation speed of the motor generator is the rotation speed at the maximum torque of the motor generator. 1 is set so that the maximum rotational speed of the motor generator is less than 4.
  9. 請求項に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、前記電動発電機は、複数個の2次導体が鉄心に配置された回転子を備えた誘導式回転電機であり、前記電動発電機の最大トルクにおける回転速度と前記電動発電機の最大回転速度との比で表される前記電動発電機の弱め界磁率は、前記電動発電機の最大トルクにおける回転速度を1としたとき、前記電動発電機の最大回転速度が3以上となるように設定されていることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。8. The motor vehicle power generation system for a hybrid vehicle according to claim 7 , wherein the motor generator is an induction-type rotating electrical machine including a rotor in which a plurality of secondary conductors are arranged on an iron core. The field weakening factor of the motor generator represented by the ratio of the rotation speed at the torque and the maximum rotation speed of the motor generator is set to 1 when the rotation speed at the maximum torque of the motor generator is 1. The hybrid vehicle electric power generation system is characterized in that the maximum rotation speed of the vehicle is set to be 3 or more.
  10. 請求項に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、バッテリが高圧バッテリと高圧バッテリよりも電圧の低い低圧バッテリとを含む場合、前記発電電動機は、主バッテリから供給された電力を、前記インバータを介して受けて駆動力を発生すると共に、内燃機関からの動力を受けて発電し、この電力を主バッテリに前記インバータを介して供給するようになっており、主バッテリからの電力の供給を前記電動発電機が前記インバータを介して受けて駆動力を発生し、この駆動力によって内燃機関を始動する場合、前記電圧制御回路は、主バッテリから出力された電力の電圧を昇圧するようになっていることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。In the hybrid vehicle electric power generation system according to claim 7, if the battery and a low voltage battery having voltage than the high-voltage battery and the high-voltage battery, the generator motor, the electric power supplied from the main battery, the inverter To generate a driving force and to generate electric power by receiving power from the internal combustion engine, and to supply the electric power to the main battery via the inverter. When the motor generator receives the driving force through the inverter to generate driving force and starts the internal combustion engine with the driving force, the voltage control circuit boosts the voltage of the electric power output from the main battery. An electric power generation system for a hybrid vehicle.
  11. 請求項に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、バッテリからの電力の供給を前記電動発電機が前記インバータを介して受けて駆動力を発生し、この駆動力によって内燃機関を始動する場合、前記電動発電機の最大トルクが必要な内燃機関の回転速度までは、前記電圧制御回路による昇圧制御と、前記電動発電機の固定子巻線の電流位相を、強め界磁電流成分が得られるように前記インバータで制御する強め界磁制御とを行い、内燃機関の始動時の回転速度よりも大きな回転速度領域まで前記電動発電機によるトルクアシストを行う場合には、前記電動発電機の固定子巻線の電流位相を、弱め界磁電流成分が得られるように前記インバータで制御する弱め界磁制御と、前記電圧制御回路による昇圧制御とを行うことを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。In the hybrid vehicle electric power generation system according to claim 7, when the supply of electric power from the battery the motor generator generates a driving force by receiving via said inverter to start the internal combustion engine by the driving force, Up to the rotational speed of the internal combustion engine that requires the maximum torque of the motor generator, the boost control by the voltage control circuit and the current phase of the stator winding of the motor generator can be used to obtain a strong field current component. In the case of performing strong field control controlled by the inverter and performing torque assist by the motor generator up to a rotational speed range larger than the rotational speed at the start of the internal combustion engine, the stator winding of the motor generator Field weakening control is performed by the inverter so as to obtain a field weakening current component, and step-up control by the voltage control circuit is performed. Electric power generation systems for hybrid vehicles.
  12. 請求項に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、前記電圧制御回路におけるバッテリ電圧の変換電圧比を1.5倍以上に設定し、前記インバータスイッチング素子の電流容量を、前記電圧制御回路のスイッチング素子の電流容量よりも小さくしたことを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。8. The hybrid vehicle electric power generation system according to claim 7 , wherein a conversion voltage ratio of the battery voltage in the voltage control circuit is set to 1.5 times or more, and a current capacity of the inverter switching element is set to the switching of the voltage control circuit. A motor-driven power generation system for a hybrid vehicle, characterized by being smaller than the current capacity of the element.
  13. 請求項に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、前記電圧制御回路は昇圧チョッパから構成されていることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。8. The hybrid vehicle motor power generation system according to claim 7 , wherein the voltage control circuit includes a step-up chopper.
  14. 車両の駆動源である内燃機関及び車載電源であるバッテリをそれぞれ備えるハイブリッド車に搭載された電動発電システムにおいて、内燃機関のクランク軸に機械的に連結された電動発電機と、該電動発電機を制御するためのインバータと、該インバータを制御するための制御回路と、バッテリと前記インバータとの間に設けられた電圧制御回路とを有し、前記電動発電機は、バッテリから供給された電力を、前記インバータを介して受けて駆動力を発生するものであって、内燃機関からの動力を受けて発電し、この電力をバッテリに前記インバータを介して供給するものであり、前記インバータは、前記制御回路からの指令を受けて前記電動発電機の駆動及び前記電動発電機の発電を制御しており、バッテリからの電力の供給を前記電動発電機が前記インバータを介して受けて駆動力を発生し、この駆動力によって内燃機関を始動する場合、前記電動発電機の固定子巻線の電流位相を、強め界磁電流成分が得られるように前記インバータで制御する強め界磁制御を行い、前記電動発電機が内燃機関からの動力を受けて発電し、この電力をバッテリに前記インバータを介して供給する場合、前記電圧制御回路による降圧制御と、前記電動発電機の固定子巻線の電流位相を、弱め界磁成分が得られるように前記インバータで制御する弱め界磁制御とを行い、前記電動発電機の発電電圧とバッテリの充電電圧とを一致するようにすることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。A motor generator system mounted on a hybrid vehicle that includes an internal combustion engine that is a driving source of a vehicle and a battery that is an on-vehicle power source, and a motor generator mechanically coupled to a crankshaft of the internal combustion engine, and the motor generator An inverter for controlling, a control circuit for controlling the inverter, and a voltage control circuit provided between the battery and the inverter, wherein the motor generator generates electric power supplied from the battery. Receiving the power through the inverter to generate a driving force, receiving power from the internal combustion engine to generate power, and supplying the power to the battery through the inverter, In response to an instruction from a control circuit, the motor generator is driven and the motor generator is controlled to generate electric power from a battery. Machine generates a driving force by receiving via the inverter, when starting the internal combustion engine by the driving force, the current phase of the electric generator stator winding, strong field as current components are obtained When performing strong field control controlled by the inverter, the motor generator receives power from an internal combustion engine to generate power, and when supplying this power to the battery via the inverter, step-down control by the voltage control circuit , Field weakening control is performed by the inverter so that the current phase of the stator winding of the motor generator is controlled by the inverter so as to obtain a field weakening component, so that the power generation voltage of the motor generator matches the charging voltage of the battery. A motor-driven power generation system for a hybrid vehicle.
  15. 請求項14に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、前記電圧制御回路は降圧チョッパと昇圧チョッパから構成されていることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。15. The hybrid vehicle motor power generation system according to claim 14 , wherein the voltage control circuit includes a step-down chopper and a step-up chopper.
  16. 請求項14に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、前記電動発電機は、永久磁石によって界磁極が構成された回転子或いは爪付磁極によって界磁極が構成された回転子を備えた同期式回転電機であり、前記電動発電機の最大トルクにおける回転速度と前記電動発電機の最大回転速度との比で表される前記電動発電機の弱め界磁率は、前記電動発電機の最大トルクにおける回転速度を1としたとき、前記電動発電機の最大回転速度が4未満となるように設定されていることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。15. The motor-driven generator system for a hybrid vehicle according to claim 14 , wherein the motor generator includes a rotor having a field pole formed by a permanent magnet or a rotor having a field pole formed by a pawl-shaped magnetic pole. The field weakening factor of the motor generator represented by the ratio of the rotation speed at the maximum torque of the motor generator and the maximum rotation speed of the motor generator is the rotation speed at the maximum torque of the motor generator. 1 is set so that the maximum rotational speed of the motor generator is less than 4.
  17. 請求項14に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、前記電動発電機は、複数個の2次導体が鉄心に配置された回転子を備えた誘導式回転電機であり、
    前記電動発電機の最大トルクにおける回転速度と前記電動発電機の最大回転速度との比で表される前記電動発電機の弱め界磁率は、前記電動発電機の最大トルクにおける回転速度を1としたとき、前記電動発電機の最大回転速度が3以上となるように設定されていることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。
    The motor vehicle power generation system for a hybrid vehicle according to claim 14 , wherein the motor generator is an induction rotary electric machine including a rotor in which a plurality of secondary conductors are arranged on an iron core.
    The field weakening factor of the motor generator represented by the ratio of the rotation speed at the maximum torque of the motor generator and the maximum rotation speed of the motor generator is set to 1 at the rotation speed at the maximum torque of the motor generator. When the motor generator system for hybrid vehicles is set such that the maximum rotational speed of the motor generator is 3 or more.
  18. 請求項14に記載のハイブリッド車用電動発電システムにおいて、バッテリが高圧バッテリと高圧バッテリよりも電圧の低い低圧バッテリとを含む場合、前記発電電動機は、主バッテリから供給された電力を、前記インバータを介して受けて駆動力を発生すると共に、内燃機関からの動力を受けて発電し、この電力を主バッテリに前記インバータを介して供給するようになっており、前記電動発電機が内燃機関からの動力を受けて発電し、この電力を主バッテリに前記インバータを介して供給する場合であって、前記前記電動発電機の発電電圧が主バッテリの充電電圧よりも大きい場合、前記電圧制御回路は、前記インバータを介して主バッテリに供給される前記電動発電機の発電電圧が主バッテリの充電電圧になるように、前記電動発電機の発電電圧を降圧するようになっている主バッテリからの電力の供給を前記電動発電機が前記インバータを介して受けて駆動力を発生し、この駆動力によって内燃機関を始動する場合、前記電圧制御回路は、主バッテリから出力された電力の電圧を昇圧するようになっていることを特徴とするハイブリッド車用電動発電システム。The electric power generating system for a hybrid vehicle according to claim 14, if the battery and a low voltage battery having voltage than the high-voltage battery and the high-voltage battery, the generator motor, the electric power supplied from the main battery, the inverter To generate driving force and to generate power by receiving power from the internal combustion engine, and to supply this power to the main battery via the inverter. The motor generator is supplied from the internal combustion engine. In the case of generating power by receiving power and supplying this power to the main battery via the inverter, when the power generation voltage of the motor generator is larger than the charging voltage of the main battery, the voltage control circuit, The motor generator so that the power generation voltage of the motor generator supplied to the main battery via the inverter becomes the charge voltage of the main battery. When the motor generator receives the supply of power from the main battery designed to step down the generated voltage via the inverter to generate a driving force, and the internal combustion engine is started by the driving force, the voltage control The circuit is configured to boost the voltage of the electric power output from the main battery.
JP2001524826A 1999-09-20 1999-09-20 Electric power generation system for hybrid vehicles Expired - Fee Related JP4116292B2 (ja)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/JP1999/005115 WO2001021431A1 (fr) 1999-09-20 1999-09-20 Dynamoteur de vehicule hybride et procede de commande dudit moteur

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP4116292B2 true JP4116292B2 (ja) 2008-07-09

Family

ID=14236760

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2001524826A Expired - Fee Related JP4116292B2 (ja) 1999-09-20 1999-09-20 Electric power generation system for hybrid vehicles

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US6938713B1 (ja)
EP (1) EP1219493B1 (ja)
JP (1) JP4116292B2 (ja)
DE (1) DE69936796T2 (ja)
WO (1) WO2001021431A1 (ja)

Families Citing this family (41)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100739391B1 (ko) 2001-08-02 2007-07-13 도요다 지도샤 가부시끼가이샤 모터 구동 제어 장치
US6917179B2 (en) 2001-10-25 2005-07-12 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Load driver and control method for safely driving DC load and computer-readable recording medium with program recorded thereon for allowing computer to execute the control
JP3661630B2 (ja) * 2001-10-25 2005-06-15 トヨタ自動車株式会社 ハイブリッド車の駆動装置及びその制御方法
JP4048787B2 (ja) * 2002-01-30 2008-02-20 トヨタ自動車株式会社 負荷駆動装置
JP4120310B2 (ja) * 2002-08-06 2008-07-16 トヨタ自動車株式会社 電気負荷駆動装置、電気負荷駆動方法、電気負荷の駆動をコンピュータに実行させるプログラムを記録したコンピュータ読取り可能な記録媒体
JP4122918B2 (ja) * 2002-10-07 2008-07-23 日産自動車株式会社 アイドルストップ車両用電源制御装置
JP4089909B2 (ja) * 2002-12-16 2008-05-28 三菱電機株式会社 自動車用電力装置
JP3661689B2 (ja) 2003-03-11 2005-06-15 トヨタ自動車株式会社 モータ駆動装置、それを備えるハイブリッド車駆動装置、モータ駆動装置の制御をコンピュータに実行させるプログラムを記録したコンピュータ読取り可能な記録媒体
FR2855677B1 (fr) 2003-05-30 2016-11-04 Valeo Equip Electr Moteur Circuit de commande a modulation en largeur d'impulsions pour machine electrique multi mode et machine electrique multi mode equipee d'un tel circuit de commande
JP4063192B2 (ja) * 2003-10-23 2008-03-19 日産自動車株式会社 Control device for motor-driven 4WD vehicle
JP3783710B2 (ja) 2003-11-04 2006-06-07 日産自動車株式会社 車両用モータ制御装置および車両用モータ制御方法
JP4063199B2 (ja) * 2003-11-14 2008-03-19 日産自動車株式会社 Control device for motor-driven 4WD vehicle
JP4082336B2 (ja) 2003-11-14 2008-04-30 日産自動車株式会社 モータ駆動4wd車両の制御装置及び制御方法
JP4082338B2 (ja) 2003-11-27 2008-04-30 日産自動車株式会社 モータ駆動4wd車両の制御装置及び制御方法
JP4113848B2 (ja) * 2004-02-18 2008-07-09 三菱電機株式会社 電動発電機の制御装置
JP4662119B2 (ja) 2004-04-30 2011-03-30 日立オートモティブシステムズ株式会社 交流回転電機の制御方法及び車載電機システム並びに移動体
JP4661183B2 (ja) * 2004-10-07 2011-03-30 トヨタ自動車株式会社 モータ駆動装置
KR100757060B1 (ko) * 2005-04-01 2007-09-10 엘지전자 주식회사 저속에서의 발전 효율이 개선된 에스알 발전기
US20100242672A1 (en) * 2006-11-29 2010-09-30 Gutsche Gottfried J Method and device for self-contained inertial vehicular propulsion
JP4483789B2 (ja) 2006-01-13 2010-06-16 日産自動車株式会社 Drive device for hybrid vehicle
FR2903249B1 (fr) * 2006-06-28 2008-12-12 Valeo Equip Electr Moteur Procede de commande d'une machine electrique reversible accouplee a un moteur thermique, groupe moteur adapte a la mise en oeuvre du procede et utilisation
JP4490458B2 (ja) * 2007-06-15 2010-06-23 日立オートモティブシステムズ株式会社 Rotating electrical machine control device and vehicle drive device
DE102007038772A1 (de) 2007-08-16 2009-02-19 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Verfahren zur Durchführung einer Schaltung im Hybridbetrieb bei einem parallelen Hybridfahrzeug
DE102007038774A1 (de) 2007-08-16 2009-02-19 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Method for carrying out a load circuit in parallel hybrid vehicles in hybrid operation
DE102007038773A1 (de) * 2007-08-16 2009-03-12 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Method for carrying out a traction-interrupted circuit in a parallel hybrid vehicle
DE102007038771A1 (de) 2007-08-16 2009-02-19 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Method for starting the internal combustion engine during a load circuit in parallel hybrid vehicles
DE102007038775A1 (de) * 2007-08-16 2009-02-19 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Method for carrying out a load circuit in vehicles with electric drive
DE102007041569A1 (de) * 2007-09-01 2009-03-05 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Method for controlling and / or regulating a hybrid drive arrangement
US7952221B2 (en) * 2007-11-14 2011-05-31 Honeywell International Inc. Enhanced DC electric main engine start system
EP2468563A1 (en) * 2009-08-17 2012-06-27 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Electric vehicle and power conversion device
US8534400B2 (en) * 2011-02-14 2013-09-17 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Electric vehicle and method of control for active auxiliary battery depletion
GB201110719D0 (en) * 2011-06-24 2011-08-10 Rolls Royce Plc Electrical system architecture and electrical power generation system
DE102012224162A1 (de) * 2012-12-21 2014-07-10 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method and device for controlling a rotating field machine and compressor system
DE102013206298A1 (de) 2013-04-10 2014-10-16 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method for operating a multi-voltage vehicle electrical system, multi-voltage vehicle electrical system and means for implementing the method
DE102013207370A1 (de) 2013-04-10 2014-10-16 Robert Bosch Gmbh Elektronisch kommutierbarer Elektromotor zum Einsatz als gleichspannungs-wandelnde Einheit in einem Mehrspannungsbordnetz für ein Kraftfahrzeug
DE102013206299A1 (de) 2013-04-10 2014-04-10 Robert Bosch Gmbh Mehrspannungsbordnetz für Kraftfahrzeug sowie Verfahren zum Betreiben eines derartigen Mehrspannungsbordnetzes und Mittel zu dessen Implementierung
US9403438B2 (en) * 2013-09-06 2016-08-02 Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd. Control device for hybrid vehicle and control method for hybrid vehicle
JP6285670B2 (ja) * 2013-09-06 2018-02-28 三星エスディアイ株式会社SAMSUNG SDI Co., LTD. ハイブリッド車両用制御装置及び制御方法
US9806585B2 (en) 2014-06-02 2017-10-31 Rk Transportation Solutions Llc Electromagnetic rotor drive assembly
KR101849898B1 (ko) * 2015-06-08 2018-04-17 닛산 지도우샤 가부시키가이샤 Generation control device of hybrid vehicle
US9995284B1 (en) * 2017-04-17 2018-06-12 Real Automation Device for efficient self-contained inertial vehicular propulsion

Family Cites Families (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5139813A (en) * 1974-09-30 1976-04-03 Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co Denkijidoshano seigyosochi
US4597463A (en) * 1984-01-23 1986-07-01 Richard Barnard Electric vehicle using the vehicle's kinetic and mechanical power to regenerate it's energy storage device
US5053632A (en) * 1987-02-18 1991-10-01 Hino Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Electric braking and auxiliary engine mechanism for a motor vehicle
DE68918321T2 (de) * 1988-04-19 1995-01-19 Shinko Electric Co Ltd Durch einen Motor angetriebener Generator.
JP2862549B2 (ja) 1989-02-03 1999-03-03 日野自動車工業株式会社 自動車の補助駆動装置
GB9012365D0 (en) 1990-06-02 1990-07-25 Jaguar Cars Motor vehicles
US5081365A (en) 1990-06-06 1992-01-14 Field Bruce F Electric hybrid vehicle and method of controlling it
JPH0522804A (ja) 1991-07-15 1993-01-29 Hino Motors Ltd 車両用電気制動装置
JPH0530606A (ja) 1991-07-18 1993-02-05 Hino Motors Ltd 車両の制動および補助駆動装置
CA2108474C (en) * 1992-03-06 1999-06-15 Takayuki Suzuki Braking and auxiliary driving means for an internal combustion engine
JP2879486B2 (ja) 1992-03-06 1999-04-05 日野自動車工業株式会社 内燃機関の制動および補助動力装置
JPH06113407A (ja) * 1992-09-29 1994-04-22 Isuzu Motors Ltd 車両用エネルギー回生システムの電源装置
JP3123686B2 (ja) 1993-02-12 2001-01-15 東芝エフエーシステムエンジニアリング株式会社 ハイブリッドカーの発電制御装置
DE4311230C2 (de) * 1993-04-02 1996-12-19 Mannesmann Ag Nicht-spurgebundenes Fahrzeug mit Elektromotor
US5586613A (en) * 1993-04-22 1996-12-24 The Texas A&M University System Electrically peaking hybrid system and method
JP3094745B2 (ja) * 1993-09-24 2000-10-03 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Hybrid vehicle power generation control device
JPH07298696A (ja) 1994-04-19 1995-11-10 Sawafuji Electric Co Ltd エンジン・誘導電動機のハイブリッド装置
JPH10138904A (ja) 1996-11-11 1998-05-26 Aisin Seiki Co Ltd 車両の制動制御装置
JPH10313600A (ja) * 1997-05-09 1998-11-24 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd モータの制御装置
JPH114506A (ja) 1997-06-12 1999-01-06 Aqueous Res:Kk 車両発電装置
JP3219039B2 (ja) * 1997-12-15 2001-10-15 富士電機株式会社 電気自動車の電気システム
JPH11220812A (ja) 1998-02-02 1999-08-10 Fuji Electric Co Ltd 電気自動車の電気システム
US6232744B1 (en) * 1999-02-24 2001-05-15 Denso Corporation Method of controlling battery condition of self-generation electric vehicle
JP2000324857A (ja) * 1999-03-11 2000-11-24 Toyota Motor Corp 多種電源装置、この電源装置を備えた機器およびモータ駆動装置並びにハイブリッド車両
JP3468726B2 (ja) * 1999-09-01 2003-11-17 株式会社日立カーエンジニアリング ハイブリッド車及び回転電機
US6369532B2 (en) * 2000-02-24 2002-04-09 Briggs & Stratton Corporation Control system for an electric motor having an integral flywheel rotor
JP3656243B2 (ja) * 2000-06-06 2005-06-08 スズキ株式会社 Control device for hybrid vehicle
US6577087B2 (en) * 2001-05-10 2003-06-10 Ut-Battelle, Llc Multilevel DC link inverter

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP1219493A1 (en) 2002-07-03
DE69936796D1 (de) 2007-09-20
EP1219493B1 (en) 2007-08-08
WO2001021431A1 (fr) 2001-03-29
DE69936796T2 (de) 2008-04-30
EP1219493A4 (en) 2006-03-22
US6938713B1 (en) 2005-09-06

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP6296169B2 (ja) インバータ制御装置及び車両用制御装置
US6023137A (en) Use of traction inverter for supplying power for non-traction applications
KR100457956B1 (ko) 차량용 회전전기의 제어장치 및 제어법
JP4023171B2 (ja) 負荷駆動装置、負荷駆動装置における電力貯蔵装置の充電制御方法および充電制御をコンピュータに実行させるためのプログラムを記録したコンピュータ読取可能な記録媒体
US7594491B2 (en) Internal combustion engine start controller
US8659182B2 (en) Power supply system and electric powered vehicle including power supply system, and method for controlling power supply system
US7279855B2 (en) Electric drive device for vehicle and hybrid engine/motor-type four wheel drive device
EP2062801B1 (en) Power supply system with multiphase motor and multiphase inverter
JP4291235B2 (ja) 車両用電源装置
US8054013B2 (en) Electric power control device and vehicle with the same
US8040083B2 (en) Motor drive control system and method for controlling the same
US7224079B2 (en) Driving/electric-power generating system for vehicle
Cai Comparison and review of electric machines for integrated starter alternator applications
EP1531078B1 (en) Control system and control method for motor powered four wheel drive vehicle
US7822535B2 (en) Internal combustion engine stop controller and stop control method
US6476571B1 (en) Multiple power source system and apparatus, motor driving apparatus, and hybrid vehicle with multiple power source system mounted thereon
Kamiev et al. Design principles of permanent magnet synchronous machines for parallel hybrid or traction applications
CN102639863B (zh) 发动机启动装置
US5589743A (en) Integrated cranking inverter and boost converter for a series hybrid drive system
JP5571879B2 (ja) 動力伝達装置
US5418401A (en) Power supply apparatus for a vehicle having batteries of different voltages which are charged according to alternator speed
US8054025B2 (en) Charge control device and electrically driven vehicle
EP2677135B1 (en) Automotive hybrid engine assist system
US7362002B2 (en) Automotive starter generator apparatus
US8912738B2 (en) Drive system, method for operating a drive system, and use

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20040806

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20040806

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20071002

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20071129

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20080401

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20080417

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20110425

Year of fee payment: 3

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20110425

Year of fee payment: 3

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20110425

Year of fee payment: 3

S111 Request for change of ownership or part of ownership

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R313115

R350 Written notification of registration of transfer

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R350

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20110425

Year of fee payment: 3

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20120425

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20120425

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20130425

Year of fee payment: 5

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20140425

Year of fee payment: 6

LAPS Cancellation because of no payment of annual fees