CN110367017A - A kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach - Google Patents

A kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110367017A
CN110367017A CN201910702480.9A CN201910702480A CN110367017A CN 110367017 A CN110367017 A CN 110367017A CN 201910702480 A CN201910702480 A CN 201910702480A CN 110367017 A CN110367017 A CN 110367017A
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white peach
soil
peach
fruit
white
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黄游东
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Lu'an Zhaofeng Trade Co Ltd
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Lu'an Zhaofeng Trade Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910702480.9A priority Critical patent/CN110367017A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach, S1, cultivating seedlings;S2, stock growing;S3, nursery stock manage after planting: S4, pruning;S5, Soil and fertilizer management;S6, water management;S7, pest management;S8, flower and fruit management: reasonable flower and fruit thinning, seed selection of the present invention from white peach initial stage, planting time, stock growing, pruning, water management, Soil and fertilizer management, pest management, flower and fruit management etc. etc. specifically proposes the implantation methods of Bai Tao, plantation technique is easy to standardize, it is easily managed, make white peach growth fast, the seedling growth high survival rate that white peach seed selection is cultivated is carried out using breeding method of the invention, the fruit mouthfeel of picking, quality is good, white peach yield is high, white peach seed selection breeding method of the invention is suitble to be mass produced, greatly learn the implantation methods of the white peach of understanding convenient for new hand orchard worker, to effectively improve the economic benefit of Bai Tao plantation, it is suitble to promote the use of.

Description

A kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural planting technique related fields, specially a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach.
Background technique
Peach is one of the superior product of China, and the nutrition very abundant of peach has multiple efficacies, referred to as health-care water Fruit, health peach, Chinese peach quantum of output and export volume occupy first place in the world, and the fruits price such as apple, pears in recent years In the case where continuous slide, the price of peach is steadily increasing.Bai Tao is one of popular fruit, and nutritive value is very high, can Be made into white peach juice, white dried peach and Bai Tao wine etc., and convenient in order to store, many enterprises select white Peach cultivars by its Can is fabricated into, currently, canned peach portion is maximum in the tinned fruit sales volume in the whole world, market prospects are good, Effectiveness of operation is significant.
It is well known that the continuous choosing released with high-quality peach of the sustainable development of peach industry dependent on white peach new varieties Kind, cultivate, in decades, the breeding research of China peach experienced from scratch, educate, from traditional breeding method to conventional breeding from choosing It is combined with biotechnology breeding, achieves the achievement to attract people's attention.Bai Tao be unable to do without good peach breeding method, but passes Not only the peach quality of output and mouthfeel cannot reach satisfactory effect to the white peach implantation methods of system, but also its yield also compares Lower, Bai Tao lacks good type of rearing when cultivating, the seed selection of passing white peach and cultivate all be orchard worker according to oneself with Past plant experience operates, not scientific enough cultivation plantation, especially for can not understand white peach for some new hands in time Breeding breeding method be easy to cause the disadvantages, especially valence such as the generally existing growth of some white Peach cultivars is slow, leaf color is poor, benefit is low Lattice are low, of poor benefits, seriously affected the enthusiasm of orchard worker's dialogue peach plant development, and therefore, breeding is best in quality, scientific modularization White peach cultivating and managing method is one of the vital task that Bai Tao seed selection is cultivated, and to solve the above-mentioned problems, therefore, is designed a kind of white The seed selection breeding method of peach.
Summary of the invention
It is mentioned above in the background art to solve the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach Problem.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach, including it is following Several steps:
S1, cultivating seedlings: the white peach seedling wood of the biennial grafting of selection is first subjected to root relief before plant, then in clear water It impregnates diel or places into impregnate 2 hours in 2% lime liquor after selecting 1% copper-bath to soak root 5 hours and carry out disinfection;
S2, stock growing: digging the planting pit of 80cm square in plantation garden soil, by seedling root spread apart when plant, Nursery stock righting is put into planting pit and soil contiguity, the surface soil and raw-soil pile up separately dug out, by organic fertilizer, 0.2kg Diammonium phosphate (DAP) Planting pit is inserted after mixing with surface soil, and is watered with water after cultivating;
S3, nursery stock manage after planting: after seedling growth, are done surely immediately, do high 50cm or so, the shaping of 4-6 bud is stayed under clip Band, and trunk is whitewashed, then 1 square metre of mulch is covered above planting pit, moisture-heat preservation promotes nursery stock early to take root fastly Growth;
S4, pruning: can be used free spindle according to the planting density of nursery stock or happy shape carry out shaping, according to Surely dry 50cm of nursery stock or so, when spring current year young sprout grows to 20cm or so, selects 4-6 sturdy young sprouts in reshaping band, remaining It removes;When young sprout grows to 30cm or so, select 3 or so growing ways uniform, the strong tip being reasonably distributed makees permanent major branch culture, Remaining branch pinching control, 70 degree of major branch crotch angle or so, the second year winter goes major branch to extend the 1/3 of branch when cutting, clip bud stays behind Bud, side shoot general 50cm or so on major branch are equipped with one, and each major branch matches 2-3 side shoot;
S5, Soil and fertilizer management;(1) plough deeply and improve the soil: intertillage is loosened the soil in due course, combines the autumn to apply fertilizer after annual white peach autumn fruit harvesting It carries out, at plant the 3rd year along going to the ditching at trunk about 1.5m, depth 30-40cm, soil mixes organic when backfilling Fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer;(2) it applies fertilizer, fertilising includes balancing fertilization by soil test, autumn basal dressing and growth period top dressing;
S6, water management, the watering of dialogue peach wood are carried out general with fertilising, before rudiment, after bearing fruit, fruit Each watering is primary before expanding stage and harvesting, carries out drainage works after rainy season and heavy rain, prevents plantation field internal water accumulation;
S7, pest management: during white peach wood plantation, will carry out the prevention and treatment of " three diseases " and " four worms ", can be according to disease pest A situation arises for evil, is periodically sprayed, is prevented and treated;
S8, flower and fruit management: reasonable flower and fruit thinning, (1) flower thinning: should be according to white peach peach growing way, in conjunction with winter pruning and flower Preceding complex shears, remove excessive bud and it is short cut fruit branch, accomplish to stay spend uniformly, it is rationally distributed, guarantee result need;(2) fruit thinning: general It 20-30 days after spending, carries out after second of physiological fallen fruit, is completed before stone starts.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, when the stock growing is watered with water, guarantee that nursery stock does not sink, nursery stock Ground stem and ground maintain an equal level.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, anti-rain drop erosion, gas permeability are selected after the white peach peach fruit thinning Bagging is carried out with the good double-deck paper bag dialogue Peach fruits of light-shading effect, and carries out removing sack before the picking of white Peach fruits, It is effectively prevent white Peach fruits insect pest, ensures white Peach fruits quality.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the balancing fertilization by soil test is according to white Peach cultivars in different growth weeks Phase is to nutrient characteristics of demand, the mineral matter element according to needed for soil test situation balance fertilizing and supplement white peach and micro Element;The autumn basal dressing can in November the first tenday period of a month combine and plough deeply progress of improving the soil, base manure include organic fertilizer, fruit-specific fertilizer, Zinc sulfate, borax etc.;The growth period top dressing before rudiment, flowering fruit phase, fruit expanding period progress top dressing three times, chases after respectively Fertilizer amount is suitable for that early period is more, and the later period is few.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the white peach seedling wood includes the group of 100-300 mus of white Peach cultivars At precocity is 25-30%, Mid-late ripening 40-50%, late-maturing 25-30%, and the control of seed selection quantity selects biennial transfer at 5-15 Seedlings picking wood, high 80 centimetres of nursery stock or more, it is more than the inside of base diameter 0.8.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the white Peach cultivars plantation field selection: the soil in field is cultivated For sandy loam, soil layer is deep, and the content of organic matter is high, pH value 6.5-7.5, benign climate, and illumination is sufficient, year sunshine time be 2200-2350 hours, percentage of possible sunshine 53%, average precipitation 600mm belonged to white peach growth Suitable Area.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the white Peach cultivars plant time is after fall foliage to spring next year It can be transplanted before season white peach rudiment, plant should carry out before soil is freeze-up before year, and plant should be after soil defrosting after year.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the planting densities of the white Peach cultivars be 3m × 3m or 3m × 4m transplants 50 plants or 70 plants per acre, makees pollinizers with the white peach that pollen amount is big, self-flowering fruiting rate is high, allocation ratio 8: 1。
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach of the present invention will be traditional White peach seed selection type of rearing and modernization scientic planting technology be combined with each other, cultivating the seed selection of the white peach of different times kind has It targetedly proposes reasonable, science, modular seed selection type of rearing, helps orchard worker that can preferably cultivate the white peach of plantation;This Invention from the seed selection at white peach initial stage, planting time, stock growing, pruning, water management, Soil and fertilizer management, pest management, Flower and fruit management etc. etc. specifically proposes the implantation methods of Bai Tao, and plantation technique is easy to standardize, be easily managed, and allows Bai Tao Growth is fast, using breeding method of the invention carry out the seedling growth high survival rate that white peach seed selection cultivates, the fruit mouthfeel of picking, Quality is good, and white peach yield is high, and white peach seed selection breeding method of the invention is suitble to be mass produced, and greatly learns convenient for new hand orchard worker The implantation methods for understanding white peach are practised, to effectively improve the economic benefit of Bai Tao plantation, are suitble to promote the use of.
Specific embodiment
The following is a clear and complete description of the technical scheme in the embodiments of the invention, it is clear that described embodiment Only a part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, the common skill in this field Art personnel every other embodiment obtained without making creative work belongs to the model that the present invention protects It encloses.
Embodiment 1: a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach, including the following steps:
S1, cultivating seedlings: the white peach seedling wood of the biennial grafting of selection is first subjected to root relief before plant, then in clear water Impregnate diel;
S2, stock growing: digging the planting pit of 80cm square in plantation garden soil, by seedling root spread apart when plant, Nursery stock righting is put into planting pit and soil contiguity, the surface soil and raw-soil pile up separately dug out, by organic fertilizer, 0.2kg Diammonium phosphate (DAP) Planting pit is inserted after mixing with surface soil, and is watered with water after cultivating;
S3, nursery stock manage after planting: it after seedling growth, does surely immediately, does high 50cm or so, the shaping strip of 6 buds is stayed under clip, And trunk is whitewashed, then covers 1 square metre of mulch above planting pit, moisture-heat preservation promotes nursery stock early to take root fast life It is long;
S4, pruning: can be used free spindle according to the planting density of nursery stock or happy shape carry out shaping, according to Surely dry 50cm of nursery stock or so, when spring current year young sprout grows to 20cm or so, selects 6 sturdy young sprouts, co-meager in reshaping band It removes;When young sprout grows to 30cm or so, select 3 growing ways uniform, the strong tip being reasonably distributed makees permanent major branch culture, remaining branch is plucked Heart control, 70 degree of major branch crotch angle or so, the second year winter goes major branch to extend the 1/3 of branch when cutting, clip bud stays behind bud, side shoot General 50cm or so is equipped with one on major branch, and each major branch matches 3 side shoots;
S5, Soil and fertilizer management;(1) plough deeply and improve the soil: intertillage is loosened the soil in due course, combines the autumn to apply fertilizer after annual white peach autumn fruit harvesting It carries out, at plant the 3rd year along going to the ditching at trunk about 1.5m, depth 40cm, soil mixes organic fertilizer when backfilling And phosphate fertilizer;(2) it applies fertilizer, fertilising includes balancing fertilization by soil test, autumn basal dressing and growth period top dressing;
S6, water management, the watering of dialogue peach wood are carried out general with fertilising, before rudiment, after bearing fruit, fruit Each watering is primary before expanding stage and harvesting, carries out drainage works after rainy season and heavy rain, prevents plantation field internal water accumulation;
S7, pest management: during white peach wood plantation, will carry out the prevention and treatment of " three diseases " and " four worms ", can be according to disease pest A situation arises for evil, is periodically sprayed, is prevented and treated;
S8, flower and fruit management: reasonable flower and fruit thinning, (1) flower thinning: should be according to white peach peach growing way, in conjunction with winter pruning and flower Preceding complex shears, remove excessive bud and it is short cut fruit branch, accomplish to stay spend uniformly, it is rationally distributed, guarantee result need;(2) fruit thinning: general It 20-30 days after spending, carries out after second of physiological fallen fruit, is completed before stone starts.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, when the stock growing is watered with water, guarantee that nursery stock does not sink, nursery stock Ground stem and ground maintain an equal level.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, anti-rain drop erosion, gas permeability are selected after the white peach peach fruit thinning Bagging is carried out with the good double-deck paper bag dialogue Peach fruits of light-shading effect, and carries out removing sack before the picking of white Peach fruits, It is effectively prevent white Peach fruits insect pest, ensures white Peach fruits quality.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the balancing fertilization by soil test is according to white Peach cultivars in different growth weeks Phase is to nutrient characteristics of demand, the mineral matter element according to needed for soil test situation balance fertilizing and supplement white peach and micro Element;The autumn basal dressing can in November the first tenday period of a month combine and plough deeply progress of improving the soil, base manure include organic fertilizer, fruit-specific fertilizer, Zinc sulfate, borax etc.;The growth period top dressing before rudiment, flowering fruit phase, fruit expanding period progress top dressing three times, chases after respectively Fertilizer amount is suitable for that early period is more, and the later period is few.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the white peach seedling wood includes the composition of 300 mu of white Peach cultivars, early It is ripe be 30%, Mid-late ripening 50%, late-maturing 30%, seed selection quantity control at 10, select biennial grafting nursery stock, nursery stock is 80 lis high Meter or more, it is more than 0.8 the inside of base diameter.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the white Peach cultivars plantation field selection: the soil in field is cultivated For sandy loam, soil layer is deep, and the content of organic matter is high, pH value 6.5-7.5, benign climate, and illumination is sufficient, year sunshine time be 2200-2350 hours, percentage of possible sunshine 53%, average precipitation 600mm belonged to white peach growth Suitable Area.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the white Peach cultivars plant time is after fall foliage to spring next year It can be transplanted before season white peach rudiment, plant should carry out before soil is freeze-up before year, and plant should be after soil defrosting after year.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the planting density of the white Peach cultivars is 3m × 3m, is transplanted per acre 50 plants, make pollinizers, allocation ratio 8:1 with the white peach that pollen amount is big, self-flowering fruiting rate is high.
Embodiment 2: a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach, including the following steps:
S1, cultivating seedlings: the white peach seedling wood of the biennial grafting of selection is first subjected to root relief before plant, then selects 1% Copper-bath is placed into impregnate 2 hours in 2% lime liquor and be carried out disinfection after soaking root 5 hours;
S2, stock growing: digging the planting pit of 80cm square in plantation garden soil, by seedling root spread apart when plant, Nursery stock righting is put into planting pit and soil contiguity, the surface soil and raw-soil pile up separately dug out, by organic fertilizer, 0.2kg Diammonium phosphate (DAP) Planting pit is inserted after mixing with surface soil, and is watered with water after cultivating;
S3, nursery stock manage after planting: it after seedling growth, does surely immediately, does high 50cm or so, the shaping strip of 4 buds is stayed under clip, And trunk is whitewashed, then covers 1 square metre of mulch above planting pit, moisture-heat preservation promotes nursery stock early to take root fast life It is long;
S4, pruning: can be used free spindle according to the planting density of nursery stock or happy shape carry out shaping, according to Surely dry 50cm of nursery stock or so, when spring current year young sprout grows to 20cm or so, selects 4 sturdy young sprouts, co-meager in reshaping band It removes;When young sprout grows to 30cm or so, select 3 or so growing ways uniform, the strong tip being reasonably distributed makees permanent major branch culture, remaining Branch pinching control, 70 degree of major branch crotch angle or so, the second year winter goes major branch to extend the 1/3 of branch when cutting, clip bud stays behind bud, Side shoot general 50cm or so on major branch is equipped with one, and each major branch matches 2 side shoots;
S5, Soil and fertilizer management;(1) plough deeply and improve the soil: intertillage is loosened the soil in due course, combines the autumn to apply fertilizer after annual white peach autumn fruit harvesting It carries out, at plant the 3rd year along going to the ditching at trunk about 1.5m, depth 30cm, soil mixes organic fertilizer when backfilling And phosphate fertilizer;(2) it applies fertilizer, fertilising includes balancing fertilization by soil test, autumn basal dressing and growth period top dressing;
S6, water management, the watering of dialogue peach wood are carried out general with fertilising, before rudiment, after bearing fruit, fruit Each watering is primary before expanding stage and harvesting, carries out drainage works after rainy season and heavy rain, prevents plantation field internal water accumulation;
S7, pest management: during white peach wood plantation, will carry out the prevention and treatment of " three diseases " and " four worms ", can be according to disease pest A situation arises for evil, is periodically sprayed, is prevented and treated;
S8, flower and fruit management: reasonable flower and fruit thinning, (1) flower thinning: should be according to white peach peach growing way, in conjunction with winter pruning and flower Preceding complex shears, remove excessive bud and it is short cut fruit branch, accomplish to stay spend uniformly, it is rationally distributed, guarantee result need;(2) fruit thinning: general It 20-30 days after spending, carries out after second of physiological fallen fruit, is completed before stone starts.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, when the stock growing is watered with water, guarantee that nursery stock does not sink, nursery stock Ground stem and ground maintain an equal level.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, anti-rain drop erosion, gas permeability are selected after the white peach peach fruit thinning Bagging is carried out with the good double-deck paper bag dialogue Peach fruits of light-shading effect, and carries out removing sack before the picking of white Peach fruits, It is effectively prevent white Peach fruits insect pest, ensures white Peach fruits quality.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the balancing fertilization by soil test is according to white Peach cultivars in different growth weeks Phase is to nutrient characteristics of demand, the mineral matter element according to needed for soil test situation balance fertilizing and supplement white peach and micro Element;The autumn basal dressing can in November the first tenday period of a month combine and plough deeply progress of improving the soil, base manure include organic fertilizer, fruit-specific fertilizer, Zinc sulfate, borax etc.;The growth period top dressing before rudiment, flowering fruit phase, fruit expanding period progress top dressing three times, chases after respectively Fertilizer amount is suitable for that early period is more, and the later period is few.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the white peach seedling wood includes the composition of 100 mu of white Peach cultivars, early It is ripe be 25%, Mid-late ripening 40%, late-maturing 25%, seed selection quantity control at 5, select biennial grafting nursery stock, nursery stock is 80 lis high Meter or more, it is more than 0.8 the inside of base diameter.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the white Peach cultivars plantation field selection: the soil in field is cultivated For sandy loam, soil layer is deep, and the content of organic matter is high, pH value 6.5-7.5, benign climate, and illumination is sufficient, year sunshine time be 2200-2350 hours, percentage of possible sunshine 53%, average precipitation 600mm belonged to white peach growth Suitable Area.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the white Peach cultivars plant time is after fall foliage to spring next year It can be transplanted before season white peach rudiment, plant should carry out before soil is freeze-up before year, and plant should be after soil defrosting after year.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the planting density of the white Peach cultivars is 3m × 4m, is transplanted per acre 70 plants, make pollinizers, allocation ratio 8:1 with the white peach that pollen amount is big, self-flowering fruiting rate is high.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of variations, modification, replacement can be carried out to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach, which is characterized in that including the following steps:
S1, cultivating seedlings: the white peach seedling wood of the biennial grafting of selection is first subjected to root relief before plant, is then impregnated in clear water Diel or 1% copper-bath of selection are placed into impregnate 2 hours in 2% lime liquor and be carried out disinfection after soaking root 5 hours;
S2, stock growing: in the planting pit of plantation garden soil digging 80cm square, plant by seedling root spread apart, nursery stock Righting is put into planting pit and soil contiguity, the surface soil and raw-soil pile up separately dug out, by organic fertilizer, 0.2kg Diammonium phosphate (DAP) and table Soil inserts planting pit after mixing, and is watered with water after cultivating;
S3, nursery stock manage after planting: it after seedling growth, does surely immediately, does high 50cm or so, the shaping strip of 4-6 bud is stayed under clip, and And trunk is whitewashed, then 1 square metre of mulch is covered above planting pit, moisture-heat preservation, promote nursery stock early to take root fast growth;
S4, pruning: free spindle can be used according to the planting density of nursery stock or happy shape carries out shaping, according to nursery stock Surely dry 50cm or so when spring current year young sprout grows to 20cm or so, selects 4-6 sturdy young sprouts, remaining is removed in reshaping band; When young sprout grows to 30cm or so, select 3 or so growing ways uniform, the strong tip being reasonably distributed makees permanent major branch culture, remaining branch Pinching control, 70 degree of major branch crotch angle or so, the second year winter goes major branch to extend the 1/3 of branch when cutting, clip bud stays behind bud, side Branch general 50cm or so on major branch is equipped with one, and each major branch matches 2-3 side shoot;
S5, Soil and fertilizer management;(1) plough deeply and improve the soil: intertillage is loosened the soil in due course, combined after annual white peach autumn fruit harvesting the autumn apply fertilizer into Row, at plant the 3rd year along going to the ditching at trunk about 1.5m, depth 30-40cm, soil mixes organic fertilizer when backfilling And phosphate fertilizer;(2) it applies fertilizer, fertilising includes balancing fertilization by soil test, autumn basal dressing and growth period top dressing;
S6, water management, the watering of dialogue peach wood are carried out general with fertilising, before rudiment, after bearing fruit, Fruit Each watering is primary before phase and harvesting, carries out drainage works after rainy season and heavy rain, prevents plantation field internal water accumulation;
S7, pest management: during white peach wood plantation, the prevention and treatment of " three diseases " and " four worms " is carried out, can be sent out according to pest and disease damage Raw situation, is periodically sprayed, is prevented and treated;
S8, flower and fruit management: reasonable flower and fruit thinning, (1) flower thinning: should be according to white peach peach growing way, in conjunction with winter pruning and Hua Qianfu Cut, remove excessive bud and it is short cut fruit branch, accomplish to stay spend uniformly, it is rationally distributed, guarantee result need;(2) fruit thinning: generally in flower It 20-30 days afterwards, carries out after second of physiological fallen fruit, is completed before stone starts.
2. a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the stock growing is watered with water When, guarantee that nursery stock does not sink, nursery stock stem and ground maintain an equal level.
3. a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: after the white peach peach fruit thinning Anti- rain drop erosion, gas permeability and the good double-deck paper bag dialogue Peach fruits of light-shading effect are selected to carry out bagging, and in Bai Taoguo It carries out removing sack before real picking, effectively prevent white Peach fruits insect pest, ensure white Peach fruits quality.
4. a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the balancing fertilization by soil test root According to white Peach cultivars different growth periods to nutrient characteristics of demand, according to soil test situation balance fertilizing and supplement it is white Mineral matter element and microelement needed for peach;The autumn basal dressing the first tenday period of a month combination can plough deeply progress of improving the soil, base manure in November Including organic fertilizer, fruit-specific fertilizer, zinc sulfate, borax etc.;The growth period top dressing is respectively before rudiment, flowering fruit phase, fruit Real expanding stage carries out top dressing three times, and topdressing amount is suitable for that early period is more, and the later period is few.
5. a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the white peach seedling wood includes The composition of 100-300 mus of white Peach cultivars, precocity are 25-30%, Mid-late ripening 40-50%, late-maturing 25-30%, quantity control of choosing seeds System selects biennial grafting nursery stock in 5-15, and high 80 centimetres of nursery stock or more, it is more than 0.8 the inside of base diameter.
6. a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the white Peach cultivars plantation Ground selects: cultivating the soil in field as sandy loam, soil layer is deep, and the content of organic matter is high, pH value 6.5-7.5, benign climate, light According to abundance, year sunshine time is 2200-2350 hours, percentage of possible sunshine 53%, and it is raw to belong to white peach by average precipitation 600mm Long Suitable Area.
7. a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: when the white Peach cultivars are transplanted Between for can transplant before the white peach rudiment of spring next year, plant should carry out before soil is freeze-up before year, Nian Hou after fall foliage Plant should be after soil defrosting.
8. a kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the plant of the white Peach cultivars Density is that perhaps 3m × 4m transplants 50 plants or 70 plants to 3m × 3m per acre, is made with the white peach that pollen amount is big, self-flowering fruiting rate is high Pollinizers, allocation ratio 8:1.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110959454A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-04-07 湖北省三强生态农业开发有限公司 Planting method of autumn peaches

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