CN108094016A - A kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108094016A
CN108094016A CN201711343206.4A CN201711343206A CN108094016A CN 108094016 A CN108094016 A CN 108094016A CN 201711343206 A CN201711343206 A CN 201711343206A CN 108094016 A CN108094016 A CN 108094016A
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China
Prior art keywords
selenium
rich
parts
white peach
implantation methods
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CN201711343206.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
牛利民
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Fuyang Heng Ming Yue Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Fuyang Heng Ming Yue Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711343206.4A priority Critical patent/CN108094016A/en
Publication of CN108094016A publication Critical patent/CN108094016A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers
    • C05D3/02Calcareous fertilisers from limestone, calcium carbonate, calcium hydrate, slaked lime, calcium oxide, waste calcium products

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich, belongs to field of agricultural cultivation, including selection of seedling, selection of land site preparation, field planting and daily management.Before and after Bai Tao germinations, the total Se content of soil is ensured by application Selenium-rich nutrient.Compared with prior art, a kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich of the present invention, in a manner that elder generation adds the inorganic salts of selenium when nursery stock is impregnated and then adds the inorganic salts of selenium again in base manure, and Selenium-rich nutrient is applied in planting process, so that selenium element is easily absorbed fully, the white peach Se content planted out is high, and white peach yield is high, and Bai Taozhong Se contents are high.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of agricultural cultivation more particularly to a kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich.
Background technology
Selenium is indispensable trace element in human body, and selenium and vitamin E are both that (peroxide is to people for anti-peroxidation substance Body is harmful to), also turn out that its underfed children caused by lacking protein has therapeutic effect, to some possible carcinogenic substances Matter has resistant function.The performance of human body selenium deficiency is mainly alopecia, piptonychia, and skin symptom occur in some patientss, and small number of patients can There is nervous symptoms and tooth loss.People is slight or moderate selenium deficiency, sign or symptom unobvious.Human body selenium deficiency is issuable Disease:Energy deficiency malnutrition, blood hemolytic anemia, Keshan disease, Kaschin-Beck disease, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, liver are hard Change, pancreatitis, fibroma, cancer, myomata, not pregnant disease, diabetes, cataract etc..The World Health Organization has appreciated that selenium deficiency Harm, so various selenium-supply health products largely generate, still, for increasingly pursuing the modern of health, people are very uncommon It hopes through tonic come instead of building up one's health by taking tonic.
Bai Tao is one of popular fruit, and nutritive value is very high, can be made into white peach juice, white dried peach and Bai Tao wine. The white peach plantation of selenium-rich is a urgently project leaved for development.
The content of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich, white peach yield High, Bai Taozhong selenium elements content height, and it is nuisanceless.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:A kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich, bag Include following steps:
(1) selection of seedling:
The qualified nursery stock of selection with when immersion 2-3 is small in 25-30 DEG C of warm water, is then pulled out to be put into bactericidal liquid and impregnates 10- 15 minutes, then with clear water impregnate 10-15 it is small when, pull out and dry plantation;Wherein, sodium selenite has been put into clear water, in 100 parts of water Contain 0.002-0.005 parts of sodium selenites;
(2) selection of land site preparation:
It for the sandy soil Reel of 65-78% is orcharding to select the content of organic matter, and slope is best on the south slope aspect, and soil pH is in 6-7 Between, the rational application of fertilizer focuses on the fully decomposed organic fertilizer of application, uses sufficient base manure, and base manure applies fully decomposed soya-bean cake 150- per acre 180kg, urea 10-15kg, sustained release potassium sulfate 5.5-8kg;Ground diaphragm seal, surrounding cover tightly, and pour water between furrow, and to be watered with It irrigates, close plastic shed under High temperature, canopy film, mulch is taken off after close plastic shed, ploughs, dry, you can plantation;
(3) it is colonized:
It will be colonized by step (1) processed nursery stock by seeding row spacing, and selenium-rich fertilizer is applied in nursery stock root, is covered with loess Root water is watered with after soil pressure reality, outside thickness of earth-fill cover to long root;
(4) daily management:
Before and after Bai Tao germinations, ensure that the total Se content of soil for ± 34.8 μ g of 420 μ g, is pressed by application Selenium-rich nutrient 667 ㎡ apply the standard dialogue peach planting area soil application Selenium-rich nutrient of 4-6kg;
As the further optimization of said program, in daily management, the weeds in garden are removed in time, drive the happiness of surrounding Eat the birds of white peach.
As the further optimization of said program, the organic Se-rich nutritional agents is made by following steps:(41)8- 12 parts of maize straw, 7-15 parts of chicken manure, 5-8 parts of Ramulus Juglandis, 12-15 parts of greenhouse rubbish and 8-15 parts of object containing selenium Material, which is put into pulverizer, to be crushed, and is stirred evenly;
(42) 1-3 parts of wheat bran, 7-12 parts of turf powder and 0.3-5 parts of calcium carbonate are added in into step (41) and material is made In, it is while stirring plus water, blocking and until not dripping until that can be held with hand, then into material add in lime and adjust material pH value and be 6.5—7.5;
(43) 0.01-0.04 part of Trichoderma viride bacterium powder and 0.01-0.04 part of aspergillus oryzae conidia powder are added in into step (42) it is made in material, stirs evenly, and is covered material with plastic film, compost fermentation 7-15 days, during compost fermentation, Every morning and afternoon by material turning once;
(44) 0.005-0.01 part of bacillus subtilis and 0.002-0.005 part of saccharomycete are added in into step (43) It is made in material, stirs evenly, and covered material with plastic film, compost fermentation 3-5 days, during compost fermentation, per in the sky Noon and afternoon are by material turning once to get organic Se-rich nutritional agents.
Compared with the prior art, the implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich of the invention a kind of have the beneficial effect that:
(1) a kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich of the invention, the inorganic salts for adding selenium when nursery stock is impregnated by elder generation are right It adds the mode of the inorganic salts of selenium again in base manure afterwards, and Selenium-rich nutrient is applied in planting process so that selenium element is easy Abundant by absorbing, the white peach Se content planted out is high, and white peach yield height, Bai Taozhong Se contents 0.1-0.3mg/kg it Between.
(2) implantation methods of the white peach of a kind of selenium-rich of the present invention of the invention, plantation technique are easy to standardize, are suitble to big rule Mould produces.To improving Competitive Products, effectively extend volume growth, interprise's intensive management and technological progress etc. is promoted all to have There are major and immediate significance and social effect.
Specific embodiment
Understand to make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, below by embodiment, to the present invention into Row is further described.However, it should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, and do not have to In limiting the scope of the invention.
A kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich, specifically comprise the following steps:
(1) selection of seedling
The qualified nursery stock for selecting pure kind, robust growth, well developed root system, adaptability and resistance strong, then uses 25- When immersion 2-3 is small in 30 DEG C of warm water, then pulls out to be put into bactericidal liquid and impregnate 10-15 minutes, then it is small with clear water immersion 10-15 When, it pulls out and dries plantation;
Wherein, the preparation method of the bactericidal liquid:Every kilogram of water add in 60-80 grams of garlic, 40-50 grams of ginger, 30-50 grams Above-mentioned garlic, ginger, balsampear leaf, orange peel are pounded pureed by balsampear leaf, 20-30 grams of orange peel, and water is added to stir evenly and impregnates 10-15 Hour, 100-150 grams of potassium permanganate and 30-40ml hydrogen peroxide are added in after filtering in filtrate, is mixed evenly;
Wherein, sodium selenite has been put into clear water, has contained 0.002-0.005 parts of sodium selenites in 100 parts of water.
(2) selection of land site preparation
Select soil layer deep, preferably, the rational application of fertilizer focuses on the fully decomposed organic fertilizer of application to the sandy loam matter that the soil is porous, Base manure is used sufficient, adds secondary and micro-element fertilizers in right amount, is not applied or Shaoshi tillering fertilizer, booting fertilizer has been applied, has adhered to fertilization compositions based on earth measurement, Utilization rate of fertilizer is improved, reduces chemical fertilizer loss.Wherein, base manure applies fully decomposed soya-bean cake 150-180kg, urea 10- per acre 15kg, sustained release potassium sulfate 5.5-8kg;Ground diaphragm seal, surrounding cover tightly, and pour water between furrow, and to be watered with and irrigate, and canopy room is with newly Canopy film is fully sealed, close plastic shed 20-30 days under High temperature, takes canopy film, mulch off after close plastic shed, ploughs, dries, you can Plantation;
(3) it is colonized:
It will be colonized by step (1) processed nursery stock by seeding row spacing, and selenium-rich fertilizer is applied in nursery stock root, is covered with loess Root water is watered with after soil pressure reality, outside thickness of earth-fill cover to long root;
(4) daily management:
Before and after Bai Tao germinations, ensure that the total Se content of soil for ± 34.8 μ g of 420 μ g, is pressed by application Selenium-rich nutrient 667 ㎡ apply the standard dialogue peach planting area soil application Selenium-rich nutrient of 4-6kg;
The organic Se-rich nutritional agents that the present invention uses is made by following steps:
(41) 8-12 parts of maize straw, 7-15 parts of chicken manure, 5-8 parts of Ramulus Juglandis, 12-15 parts of greenhouse rubbish and 8-15 parts of material containing selenium is put into pulverizer and crushes, and stirs evenly;
(42) 1-3 parts of wheat bran, 7-12 parts of turf powder and 0.3-5 parts of calcium carbonate are added in into step (41) and material is made In, it is while stirring plus water, blocking and until not dripping until that can be held with hand, then into material add in lime and adjust material pH value and be 6.5—7.5;
(43) 0.01-0.04 part of Trichoderma viride bacterium powder and 0.01-0.04 part of aspergillus oryzae conidia powder are added in into step (42) it is made in material, stirs evenly, and is covered material with plastic film, compost fermentation 7-15 days, during compost fermentation, Every morning and afternoon by material turning once;
(44) 0.005-0.01 part of bacillus subtilis and 0.002-0.005 part of saccharomycete are added in into step (43) It is made in material, stirs evenly, and covered material with plastic film, compost fermentation 3-5 days, during compost fermentation, per in the sky Noon and afternoon are by material turning once to get organic Se-rich nutritional agents.
A kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich of the present invention, the Selenium-rich nutrient used is using compost fermentation twice so that Macromolecular substances (cellulose, protein etc.) in the materials such as stalk, chicken manure are converted into small molecule, while release in compound The minerals such as phosphorus, potassium, the inorganic selenium in waste material containing selenium is also made to be converted into Organic Selenium, production and plant convenient for later stage microorganism Absorption.
In white peach daily management, the weeds in garden are removed in time, drive the birds of the white peach of eating of surrounding.
Then a kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich of the present invention, the inorganic salts for adding selenium when nursery stock is impregnated by elder generation exist The mode of the inorganic salts of selenium is added in base manure again, and Selenium-rich nutrient is applied in planting process so that selenium element is easily inhaled Abundant, to plant out white peach Se content height is received, and white peach yield is high, Bai Taozhong Se contents are between 0.1-0.3mg/kg.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention Any modification, equivalent substitution or improvement made within refreshing and principle etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
(1) selection of seedling:
The qualified nursery stock of selection with when immersion 2-3 is small in 25-30 DEG C of warm water, is then pulled out to be put into bactericidal liquid and impregnates 10-15 points Clock, then with clear water impregnate 10-15 it is small when, pull out and dry plantation;Wherein, sodium selenite has been put into clear water, has been contained in 100 parts of water 0.002-0.005 parts of sodium selenites;
(2) selection of land site preparation:
It for the sandy soil Reel of 65-78% is orcharding to select the content of organic matter, and slope is best on the south slope aspect, soil pH between 6-7, The rational application of fertilizer focuses on application fully decomposed organic fertilizer, uses sufficient base manure, base manure apply per acre fully decomposed soya-bean cake 150-180kg, Urea 10-15kg, sustained release potassium sulfate 5.5-8kg;Ground diaphragm seal, surrounding cover tightly, and pour water between furrow, and to be watered with and irrigate, Canopy film, mulch are taken off after close plastic shed, plough, dry by close plastic shed under High temperature, you can plantation;
(3) it is colonized:
It will be colonized by step (1) processed nursery stock by seeding row spacing, and selenium-rich fertilizer is applied in nursery stock root, with loess earthing pressure Root water is watered with after reality, outside thickness of earth-fill cover to long root;
(4) daily management:
Before and after Bai Tao germinations, the total Se content of soil is ensured as ± 34.8 μ g of 420 μ g by application Selenium-rich nutrient, by 667 ㎡ applies the standard dialogue peach planting area soil application Selenium-rich nutrient of 4-6kg.
2. a kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In daily management, go in time Except the weeds in garden, the birds of the white peach of eating of surrounding are driven.
A kind of 3. implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the organic Se-rich nutrition Agent is made by following steps:
(41) 8-12 parts of maize straw, 7-15 parts of chicken manure, 5-8 parts of Ramulus Juglandis, 12-15 parts of greenhouse rubbish and 8-15 The material containing selenium of part, which is put into pulverizer, to be crushed, and is stirred evenly;
(42) 1-3 parts of wheat bran, 7-12 parts of turf powder and 0.3-5 parts of calcium carbonate are added in step (41) to be made in material, While stirring plus water, it is blocking and until not dripping until that can be held with hand, then into material add in lime and adjust material pH value and be 6.5—7.5;
(43) 0.01-0.04 part of Trichoderma viride bacterium powder and 0.01-0.04 part of aspergillus oryzae conidia powder are added in into step (42) It is made in material, stirs evenly, and covered material with plastic film, compost fermentation 7-15 days, during compost fermentation, daily The morning and afternoon by material turning once;
(44) 0.005-0.01 part of bacillus subtilis and 0.002-0.005 part of saccharomycete are added in step (43) to be made In material, stir evenly, and covered material with plastic film, compost fermentation 3-5 days, during compost fermentation, every morning and Afternoon is by material turning once to get organic Se-rich nutritional agents.
CN201711343206.4A 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 A kind of implantation methods of the white peach of selenium-rich Pending CN108094016A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108739180A (en) * 2018-06-04 2018-11-06 安徽省旌德博仕达农业科技有限公司 A kind of hayashishita selenium-rich method for planting rhizoma polygonati
CN110367018A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-10-25 六安市兆丰商贸有限责任公司 A kind of white peach plantation site selecting method of high yield type
CN110367017A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-10-25 六安市兆丰商贸有限责任公司 A kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach
CN110402743A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-11-05 六安市兆丰商贸有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of white peach insect-pest
CN113079919A (en) * 2021-03-26 2021-07-09 四川农业大学 Planting method for improving selenium content of wild peaches by using tartary buckwheat water extract

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103283557A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-11 胡志权 Grape planting technique
CN103828665A (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-06-04 和县金城米业有限责任公司 Method for planting se-enriched rice
CN103918520A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-07-16 汾州裕源土特产品有限公司 Walnut rich in selenium and organic fertilizer rich in selenium for walnut rich in selenium
CN104303944A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-28 重庆地皇农业发展有限公司 Pollution-free grape planting method
CN105325249A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-02-17 安徽大墅龙山园林绿化有限公司 High-yield planting method of wild peaches

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103283557A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-11 胡志权 Grape planting technique
CN103828665A (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-06-04 和县金城米业有限责任公司 Method for planting se-enriched rice
CN103918520A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-07-16 汾州裕源土特产品有限公司 Walnut rich in selenium and organic fertilizer rich in selenium for walnut rich in selenium
CN104303944A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-28 重庆地皇农业发展有限公司 Pollution-free grape planting method
CN105325249A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-02-17 安徽大墅龙山园林绿化有限公司 High-yield planting method of wild peaches

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108739180A (en) * 2018-06-04 2018-11-06 安徽省旌德博仕达农业科技有限公司 A kind of hayashishita selenium-rich method for planting rhizoma polygonati
CN110367018A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-10-25 六安市兆丰商贸有限责任公司 A kind of white peach plantation site selecting method of high yield type
CN110367017A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-10-25 六安市兆丰商贸有限责任公司 A kind of seed selection breeding method of white peach
CN110402743A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-11-05 六安市兆丰商贸有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of white peach insect-pest
CN113079919A (en) * 2021-03-26 2021-07-09 四川农业大学 Planting method for improving selenium content of wild peaches by using tartary buckwheat water extract

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Application publication date: 20180601